The Unz Review • An Alternative Media Selection
A Collection of Interesting, Important, and Controversial Perspectives Largely Excluded from the American Mainstream Media
Problems of Communism Archives
Problems of Communism • 38 Years, 197 Issues, 2,290 Articles, 16,969pp
Essay Reviews
Central European Security
The Bloc That Failed, by Charles Gati
Problems of Communism, November 1991, pp. 141-151
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  1. [+]
    Issues of the 1950s = 5 Years, 26 Issues, 264 Articles
    1. [+]
      Issues of 1955 = 2 Issues, 15 Articles
      1. [+]
        Issues of 1956 = 6 Issues, 65 Articles
        1. [+]
          Issues of 1957 = 6 Issues, 65 Articles
          1. [+]
            Issues of 1958 = 6 Issues, 55 Articles
            1. [+]
              Issues of 1959 = 6 Issues, 64 Articles
            2. [+]
              Issues of the 1960s = 10 Years, 52 Issues, 729 Articles
              1. [+]
                Issues of 1960 = 6 Issues, 81 Articles
                1. [+]
                  Issues of 1961 = 5 Issues, 57 Articles
                  1. [+]
                    Issues of 1962 = 6 Issues, 67 Articles
                    1. [+]
                      Issues of 1963 = 6 Issues, 71 Articles
                      1. [+]
                        Issues of 1964 = 5 Issues, 66 Articles
                        1. [+]
                          Issues of 1965 = 6 Issues, 90 Articles
                          1. [+]
                            Issues of 1966 = 5 Issues, 89 Articles
                            1. [+]
                              Issues of 1967 = 4 Issues, 75 Articles
                              1. [+]
                                Issues of 1968 = 5 Issues, 66 Articles
                                1. [+]
                                  Issues of 1969 = 4 Issues, 67 Articles
                                2. [+]
                                  Issues of the 1970s = 10 Years, 55 Issues, 659 Articles
                                  1. [+]
                                    Issues of 1970 = 6 Issues, 99 Articles
                                    1. [+]
                                      Issues of 1971 = 5 Issues, 86 Articles
                                      1. [+]
                                        Issues of 1972 = 6 Issues, 78 Articles
                                        1. [+]
                                          Issues of 1973 = 5 Issues, 53 Articles
                                          1. [+]
                                            Issues of 1974 = 6 Issues, 68 Articles
                                            1. [+]
                                              Issues of 1975 = 6 Issues, 65 Articles
                                              1. [+]
                                                Issues of 1976 = 5 Issues, 55 Articles
                                                1. [+]
                                                  Issues of 1977 = 5 Issues, 49 Articles
                                                  1. [+]
                                                    Issues of 1978 = 6 Issues, 54 Articles
                                                    1. [+]
                                                      Issues of 1979 = 5 Issues, 52 Articles
                                                    2. [+]
                                                      Issues of the 1980s = 10 Years, 51 Issues, 461 Articles
                                                      1. [+]
                                                        Issues of 1980 = 6 Issues, 60 Articles
                                                        1. [+]
                                                          Issues of 1981 = 4 Issues, 35 Articles
                                                          1. [+]
                                                            Issues of 1982 = 6 Issues, 59 Articles
                                                            1. [+]
                                                              Issues of 1983 = 4 Issues, 42 Articles
                                                              1. [+]
                                                                Issues of 1984 = 6 Issues, 56 Articles
                                                                1. [+]
                                                                  Issues of 1985 = 3 Issues, 31 Articles
                                                                  1. [+]
                                                                    Issues of 1986 = 6 Issues, 52 Articles
                                                                    1. [+]
                                                                      Issues of 1987 = 6 Issues, 47 Articles
                                                                      1. [+]
                                                                        Issues of 1988 = 5 Issues, 33 Articles
                                                                        1. [+]
                                                                          Issues of 1989 = 5 Issues, 46 Articles
                                                                        2. [+]
                                                                          Issues of the 1990s = 3 Years, 13 Issues, 177 Articles
                                                                          1. [+]
                                                                            Issues of 1990 = 6 Issues, 65 Articles
                                                                            1. [+]
                                                                              Issues of 1991 = 4 Issues, 46 Articles
                                                                              1. [+]
                                                                                January 1991 Issue = 15 Articles
                                                                                1. The Road from Socialism by Jan S. Prybyla, pp. 1-17
                                                                                2. Gorbachev, Perestroyka, and Economic Crisis by Anders Aslund, pp. 18-41
                                                                                3. The 1989 Revolution and Romania's Future by Matei Calinescu and Vladimir Tismaneanu, pp. 42-59
                                                                                4. Conservation and Hungary's Transition by George Schopflin, pp. 60-68
                                                                                5. Walesa's Leadership and Poland's Transition by Voytek Zubek, pp. 69-83
                                                                                6. Is Cuba Next? by Howard J. Wiarda, pp. 84-93
                                                                                7. Traveling Heavy by Geremie Barme, pp. 94-112
                                                                                8. The Inspiration of New York by Liu Xiaobo, pp. 113-118
                                                                                9. [+]
                                                                                  China: The Time of Song and Tears by Norman Kutcher, pp. 119-125 - 6 Reviews
                                                                                  1. Cries for Democracy by Minzhu Han and Sheng Hua
                                                                                  2. Tiananmen Square by Scott Simmie and Bob Nixon
                                                                                  3. China Rising by Lee Feigon
                                                                                  4. Tiananmen Diary by Harrison E. Salisbury
                                                                                  5. The Iron House by Michael S. Duke
                                                                                  6. Human Rights in the People's Republic of China by Ann Kent
                                                                                10. [+]
                                                                                  The Impact of Democracy on China Studies by Barrett L. McCormick, pp. 126-132 - 5 Reviews
                                                                                  1. China's Unresolved Issues by Suzanne Ogden
                                                                                  2. How China is Ruled by Alan P.L. Liu
                                                                                  3. Policy Making in China by Kenneth Lieberthal and Michel Oksenberg
                                                                                  4. Policy Conflicts in Post-Mao China by John P. Burns and Stanley Rosen
                                                                                  5. Seeds of Fire by Geremie Barme and John Minford
                                                                                11. [+]
                                                                                  Gorbachev's Unfinished Revolution by Alfred Evans, Jr., pp. 133-143 - 8 Reviews
                                                                                  1. Revolution from Above by Tariq Ali
                                                                                  2. Can Gorbachev's Reforms Succeed? by George W. Breslauer
                                                                                  3. Gorbachev's Agenda by Susan L. Clark
                                                                                  4. Gorbachev and His Enemies by Baruch A. Hazan
                                                                                  5. Can Gorbachev Change the Soviet Union? by Zdenek Mlynar
                                                                                  6. The Gorbachev Phenomenon by Francoise Thom
                                                                                  7. Gorbachev by Ilya Zemtsov and John Farrar #2
                                                                                  8. Gorbachev in Power by Stephen White
                                                                                12. [+]
                                                                                  Soviet Economic Reform and East-West Economic Relations by Peter van Ham, pp. 144-149 - 4 Reviews
                                                                                  1. Reforming the Soviet Economy by Ed A. Hewett
                                                                                  2. Soviet Economic Reforms by Reiner Weichhardt
                                                                                  3. Economic Reforms in the Socialist World by Stanislaw Gomulka, Yong-Chool Ha, and Cae-One Kim, ...
                                                                                  4. East-West Economic Relations in the 1990's by Gary Bertsch and Christopher T. Saunders
                                                                                13. [+]
                                                                                  Soviet Economic Mismanagement by Karl W. Ryavec, pp. 150-154 - 3 Reviews
                                                                                  1. Scientific Management, Socialist Discipline, and Soviet Power by Mark R. Beissinger
                                                                                  2. Soviet Industry From Stalin to Gorbachev by Joseph S. Berliner
                                                                                  3. Soviet Management and Labor Relations by Bruno Grancelli
                                                                                14. [+]
                                                                                  Back to the Future in the Soviet Countryside? by Don Van Atta, pp. 155-166 - 3 Reviews
                                                                                  1. Rural Russia Under the New Regime by Viktor P. Danilov
                                                                                  2. Red Bread by Maurice Hindus
                                                                                  3. The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Rural Communist Party, 1927-39 by Daniel Thorniley
                                                                                15. Cover Photo by Mark Deville
                                                                              2. [+]
                                                                                May 1991 Issue = 9 Articles
                                                                                1. Revolution in Eastern Europe---Revolution in the West? by Ernst Kux, pp. 1-13
                                                                                2. Civil-Military Relations in China by Harlan W. Jencks, pp. 14-29
                                                                                3. Defense Reform in China by Richard J. Latham and Kenneth W. Allen, pp. 30-50
                                                                                4. The Soviet Military by Mikhail Tsypkin, pp. 51-66
                                                                                5. Polish-Lithuanian Relations by Stephen R. Burant, pp. 67-84
                                                                                6. Eastern Europe and the "Energy Shock" of 1990-91 by John M. Kramer, pp. 85-96
                                                                                7. Third World Decollectivization by Frederic L. Pryor, pp. 97-108
                                                                                8. Who Ousted Nikita Sergeyevich? by Werner Hahn, pp. 109-115
                                                                                9. [+]
                                                                                  Communism and Its Discontents by Paul Hollander, pp. 116-126 - 4 Reviews
                                                                                  1. Small Fires by Christopher Cerf and Marina Albee
                                                                                  2. The Magic Lantern by Timothy Garton Ash
                                                                                  3. Cuba: A Journey by Jacobo Timerman
                                                                                  4. The Cause that Failed by Guenter Lewy
                                                                              3. [+]
                                                                                July 1991 Issue = 6 Articles
                                                                                1. Moscow and the Gulf War by Robert O. Freedman, pp. 1-17
                                                                                2. Yugoslavia by Bogomil Ferfila, pp. 18-30
                                                                                3. Slovenia's Independence by Carole Rogel, pp. 31-40
                                                                                4. Civil Society and Soviet Psychiatry by Peter Reddaway, pp. 41-48
                                                                                5. [+]
                                                                                  China's International Security Policy by Roxanne D.V. Sismanidis, pp. 49-62 - 5 Reviews
                                                                                  1. Cooperative Security in Northeast Asia by R. Mark Bean
                                                                                  2. Modern Chinese Defense Strategy by Rosita Dellios
                                                                                  3. Chinese Defense and Foreign Policy by June Teufel Dreyer and Ilpyong J. Kim
                                                                                  4. China's Nuclear Weapons Strategy by Chong-Pin Lin
                                                                                  5. India, Pakistan, China by R.R. Subramanian
                                                                                6. [+]
                                                                                  Glasnost' and the History of Soviet Foreign Policy by Hugh Phillips, pp. 63-70 - 1 Review
                                                                                  1. Memoirs by Andrei Gromyko
                                                                              4. [+]
                                                                                November 1991 Issue = 16 Articles
                                                                                1. Bursting the Dams by George W. Breslauer, pp. 2-12
                                                                                2. Alternative Perspecives on the August Coup by William E. Odom, pp. 13-19
                                                                                3. The Fourth Russian Revolution by Anatole Shub, pp. 20-26
                                                                                4. The Deconstruction of the USSR and the Search for a Post-Soviet Community by Mark R. Beissinger, pp. 27-35
                                                                                5. The Coup That Never Was by Amy Knight, pp. 36-43
                                                                                6. The Soviet Economy After the Coup by Anders Aslund, pp. 44-52
                                                                                7. Farewell to Soviet Foreign Policy by Vernon V. Aspaturian, pp. 53-62
                                                                                8. The Politics of Georgia's Independence by Darrell Slider, pp. 63-79
                                                                                9. China and the Gulf Crisis by Yitzhak Shichor, pp. 80-90
                                                                                10. Moscow's Retreat from Cuba by Cole Blasier, pp. 91-99
                                                                                11. From Visegrad to Krakow by Rudolf L. Tokes, pp. 100-114
                                                                                12. [+]
                                                                                  Historical Consciousness and the Incorporation of the Soviet Past by J. Thomas Sanders, pp. 115-123 - 3 Reviews
                                                                                  1. Revolutionary Dreams by Richard Stites
                                                                                  2. Jan Waclaw Machajski by Marshall S. Shatz
                                                                                  3. Revolution and Culture by Zenovia A. Sochor
                                                                                13. [+]
                                                                                  The Russian Revolution in Comparative Perspective by David B. Rivkin, Jr. and Lee A. Casey, pp. 124-134 - 3 Reviews
                                                                                  1. The Russian Revolution by Richard Pipes
                                                                                  2. Citizens by Simon Schama
                                                                                  3. The Reluctant Revolutionaries by W.A. Speck
                                                                                14. [+]
                                                                                  Nationalism and Baltic Independence by Richard J. Krickus, pp. 135-140 - 4 Reviews
                                                                                  1. Baltic Independence and Russian Empire by Walter C. Clemens
                                                                                  2. Toward Independence by Jan A. Trapans
                                                                                  3. Lithuania Awakening by Alfred E. Senn
                                                                                  4. The Rise of Nations in the Soviet Union by Michael Mandelbaum
                                                                                15. [+]
                                                                                  Central European Security by Joshua B. Spero, pp. 141-151 - 4 Reviews
                                                                                  1. The Bloc That Failed by Charles Gati
                                                                                  2. Moscow, Germany, and the West from Khrushchev to Gorbachev by Michael J. Sodaro
                                                                                  3. Hungary and the USSR, 1956-1988 by Andrew Felkay
                                                                                  4. The Soviet-East European Relationship in the Gorbachev Era by Aurel Braun
                                                                                16. Index to Volume XL, pp. 152-157
                                                                            2. [+]
                                                                              Issues of 1992 = 3 Issues, 66 Articles