The Unz Review • An Alternative Media Selection
A Collection of Interesting, Important, and Controversial Perspectives Largely Excluded from the American Mainstream Media
Orbis Archives
Orbis • 38 Years, 147 Issues, 3,063 Articles, 35,810pp
Selected Publications
The Middle East
The Great Game, by Alvin Z. Rubinstein
Orbis, Winter 1984, pp. 1062-1071
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  1. [+]
    Issues of the 1960s = 7 Years, 27 Issues, 712 Articles
    1. [+]
      Issues of 1963 = 4 Issues, 95 Articles
      1. [+]
        Issues of 1964 = 3 Issues, 70 Articles
        1. [+]
          Issues of 1965 = 4 Issues, 94 Articles
          1. [+]
            Issues of 1966 = 4 Issues, 103 Articles
            1. [+]
              Issues of 1967 = 4 Issues, 125 Articles
              1. [+]
                Issues of 1968 = 4 Issues, 111 Articles
                1. [+]
                  Issues of 1969 = 4 Issues, 114 Articles
                2. [+]
                  Issues of the 1970s = 10 Years, 40 Issues, 972 Articles
                  1. [+]
                    Issues of 1970 = 4 Issues, 95 Articles
                    1. [+]
                      Issues of 1971 = 4 Issues, 103 Articles
                      1. [+]
                        Issues of 1972 = 4 Issues, 94 Articles
                        1. [+]
                          Issues of 1973 = 4 Issues, 101 Articles
                          1. [+]
                            Issues of 1974 = 4 Issues, 107 Articles
                            1. [+]
                              Issues of 1975 = 4 Issues, 117 Articles
                              1. [+]
                                Issues of 1976 = 4 Issues, 95 Articles
                                1. [+]
                                  Issues of 1977 = 4 Issues, 76 Articles
                                  1. [+]
                                    Issues of 1978 = 4 Issues, 94 Articles
                                    1. [+]
                                      Issues of 1979 = 4 Issues, 90 Articles
                                    2. [+]
                                      Issues of the 1980s = 10 Years, 36 Issues, 660 Articles
                                      1. [+]
                                        Issues of 1980 = 4 Issues, 69 Articles
                                        1. [+]
                                          Issues of 1981 = 4 Issues, 89 Articles
                                          1. [+]
                                            Issues of 1982 = 4 Issues, 98 Articles
                                            1. [+]
                                              Issues of 1983 = 4 Issues, 74 Articles
                                              1. [+]
                                                Issues of 1984 = 4 Issues, 70 Articles
                                                1. [+]
                                                  Spring 1984 Issue = 16 Articles
                                                  1. New Modes of Conflict by Brian Michael Jenkins, pp. 5-15
                                                  2. Right-Wing Terrorism in Europe by Bruce Hoffman, pp. 16-26
                                                  3. Terror, Terrorism, and Insurgency in Latin America by Michael S. Radu, pp. 27-40
                                                  4. Intelligence and Counterterrorism by Arie Ofri, pp. 41-52
                                                  5. European Socialism and the Crisis in Central America by Eusebio Mujal-Leon, pp. 53-82
                                                  6. Mitterrand's New Atlanticism by Robert S. Rudney, pp. 83-102
                                                  7. Yugoslavia and the Threat of Internal and External Discontents by Pedro Ramet, pp. 103-122
                                                  8. Soviet Military Interests in Africa by Richard B. Remnek, pp. 123-144
                                                  9. Kampuchea by Justus M. van der Kroef, pp. 145-162
                                                  10. Arms Control and Sino-Soviet Relations by Dan L. Strode, pp. 163-188
                                                  11. [+]
                                                    World Politics, pp. 189-192 - 7 Reviews
                                                    1. The Age of Charisma by Arthur Schweitzer
                                                    2. Global Policy by Morton Kaplan
                                                    3. The Rise and Fall of British Naval Mastery by Paul M. Kennedy
                                                    4. Strategy and Diplomacy, 1870-1945 by Paul Kennedy
                                                    5. The Evolution of Cooperation by Robert Axelrod
                                                    6. Economic Relations With the USSR by Abraham S. Becker
                                                    7. An Atlas of World Affairs by Andrew Boyd
                                                  12. [+]
                                                    International Economics and Technology, pp. 193-194 - 4 Reviews
                                                    1. Governments, Markets, and Growth by John Zysman
                                                    2. The Antinomies of Interdependence by John Gerard Ruggie
                                                    3. Policy and Trade Issues of the Japanese Economy by Kozo Yamamura
                                                    4. Agriculture in the Twenty-First Century by John W. Rosenblum
                                                  13. [+]
                                                    Military National Security and Arms Control, pp. 195-196 - 6 Reviews
                                                    1. Ballistic Missile Defense by Ashton Carter and David N. Schwartz
                                                    2. Avoiding Inadvertent War by Hilliard Roderick and Ulla Magnusson
                                                    3. Nuclear Weapons Databook by Thomas B. Cochran, William M. Arkin, and Milton M. Hoenig, ...
                                                    4. The Counterfeit Ark by Jennifer Leaning and Langley Keyes
                                                    5. Nuclear Proliferation and the Third World by T.T. Poulose
                                                    6. Sea Power in the Falklands by Charles W. Koburger, Jr.
                                                  14. [+]
                                                    The United States and Canada, pp. 197-198 - 3 Reviews
                                                    1. The Warrior and the Priest by John Milton Cooper, Jr.
                                                    2. The U.S. Merchant Marine by Clinton H. Whitehurst, Jr.
                                                    3. Superpower at Sea by Finn Laursen
                                                  15. [+]
                                                    Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, pp. 199-200 - 5 Reviews
                                                    1. Russia by David K. Shipler
                                                    2. Politics and Technology in the Soviet Union by Bruce Parrott
                                                    3. The Soviet Party-State by Carl A. Linden
                                                    4. Soviet Jewry in the Decisive Decade, 1971-80 by Robert O. Freedman
                                                    5. The Yugoslav Search for Man by Oskar Gruenwald
                                                  16. [+]
                                                    The Middle East, pp. 201-212 - 5 Reviews
                                                    1. The Oil Price Revolution by Steven A. Schneider
                                                    2. Iraq: The Contemporary State by Tim Niblock
                                                    3. The Two Yemens by Robin L. Bidwell
                                                    4. From Trucial States to United Arab Emirates by Frauke Heard-Bey
                                                    5. The Military as an Instrument of U.S. Policy in Southwest Asia by Maxwell Orme Johnson
                                                2. [+]
                                                  Summer 1984 Issue = 16 Articles
                                                  1. Strategic Defense and Stability by Keith B. Payne, pp. 215-226
                                                  2. Deterrence, Arms Control, and the Defense Transition by Colin S. Gray, pp. 227-239
                                                  3. The Politics of Space Defense by Adam M. Garfinkle, pp. 240-256
                                                  4. The KGB's Special Departments in the Soviet Armed Forces by Amy W. Knight, pp. 257-280
                                                  5. Confidence-Building Measures and Crisis Resolution by Kevin N. Lewis and Mark A. Lorell, pp. 281-306
                                                  6. The French Strategic Dilemma by Robbin F. Laird, pp. 307-328
                                                  7. The Past as Prologue by Joanne Gowa, pp. 329-340
                                                  8. Moscow and the Revolutionary Left in Latin America by Pedro Ramet and Fernando Lopez-Alves, pp. 341-364
                                                  9. The Strategic Bomber Debate Today by Michael E. Brown, pp. 365-388
                                                  10. [+]
                                                    Revolutionary Myth and Political Unreason by Vladimir Tismaneanu, pp. 389-400 - 2 Reviews
                                                    1. L'Occident et le Tiers-monde by Carlos Rangel
                                                    2. Critique of Political Reason by Regis Debray
                                                  11. Correspondence, pp. 401-408
                                                  12. [+]
                                                    Diplomatic and Military History, pp. 409-411 - 7 Reviews
                                                    1. Ernest Bevin: Foreign Secretary, 1945-1951 by Alan Bullock
                                                    2. Force and Statecraft by Gordon A. Craig and Alexander L. George
                                                    3. France and the Origins of the First World War by John F.V. Keiger
                                                    4. Russia and the Origins of the First World War by D.C.B. Lieven
                                                    5. The Great War at Sea, 1914-1918 by Richard Hough
                                                    6. The King's Ships Were at Sea by James Goldrick
                                                    7. The Fall of the First British Empire by Robert W. Tucker and David C. Hendrickson
                                                  13. [+]
                                                    International Economics and Technology, pp. 412-414 - 6 Reviews
                                                    1. Presidential Economics by Herbert Stein
                                                    2. The Multinational Corporation in the 1980s by Charles P. Kindleberger and David B. Audretsch, ...
                                                    3. Power and Protectionism by David B. Yoffie
                                                    4. The Political Economy of Growth by Dennis C. Mueller
                                                    5. The Oil Decade by Robert J. Lieber
                                                    6. Emerging Standards of International Trade and Investment by Seymour J. Rubin and Gary Clyde Hufbauer
                                                  14. [+]
                                                    Military National Security and Arms Control, pp. 415-417 - 6 Reviews
                                                    1. Nuclear Weapons in Europe by Andrew J. Pierre
                                                    2. Nuclear Peril by Edward J. Markey
                                                    3. Defense Sense by Ronald V. Dellums
                                                    4. The Maginot Line Syndrome by Sidney Lens
                                                    5. Maritime Strategy or Coalition Defense? by Robert Komer
                                                    6. Weapons and Hope by Freeman Dyson
                                                  15. [+]
                                                    The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, pp. 418-419 - 7 Reviews
                                                    1. All Stalin's Men by Roy Medvedev
                                                    2. Khrushchev: The Years in Power by Roy A. Medvedev and Zhores A. Medvedev
                                                    3. Conflict and Cohesion in Socialist Yugoslavia by Steven L. Burg
                                                    4. The Faces of Contemporary Russian Nationalism by John B. Dunlop
                                                    5. The Russian Revolutions of 1917 by Leonard Schapiro
                                                    6. The Soviet Budget by Raymond Hutchings
                                                    7. Dezinformatsia by Richard H. Shultz, Jr. and Roy S. Godson
                                                  16. [+]
                                                    The Middle East, pp. 420-433 - 11 Reviews
                                                    1. The High Walls of Jerusalem by Ronald Sanders
                                                    2. From Time Immemorial by Joan Peters
                                                    3. The Letters and Papers of Chaim Weizmann by Barnet Litvinoff and Chaim Weizmann
                                                    4. In the Land of Israel by Amos Oz
                                                    5. The Arab-Israeli Conflict by Alvin Z. Rubinstein
                                                    6. The Middle East Since Camp David by Robert O. Freedman
                                                    7. West Bank Data Project by Meron Benvenisti
                                                    8. PLO in Lebanon by Raphael Israeli
                                                    9. Islam in the Political Process by James P. Piscatori
                                                    10. Between Battles and Ballots by Yoram Peri
                                                    11. Ba'th and Syria, 1947-1982 by Robert W. Olson
                                                3. [+]
                                                  Fall 1984 Issue = 18 Articles
                                                  1. Soviet Views Toward the Gulf War by Dennis Ross, pp. 437-446
                                                  2. The Gulf Cooperation Council by John Duke Anthony, pp. 447-449
                                                  3. The War and the World Oil Market by Bijan Mossavar-Rahmani, pp. 450-455
                                                  4. American Security Concerns in the Gulf by Marshall W. Wiley, pp. 456-464
                                                  5. Defending Arabia by J.E. Peterson, pp. 465-488
                                                  6. Arms and Allies on the Arabian Peninsula by Thomas L. McNaugher, pp. 489-526
                                                  7. Antisubmarine Warfare in the Nuclear Age by Donald C. Daniel, pp. 527-552
                                                  8. Romanian Politics and the International Economy by William Crowther, pp. 553-574
                                                  9. Berlin and Conflict Management With the USSR by Paul R. Viotti, pp. 575-592
                                                  10. Anti-Americanism in the Third World by Alvin Z. Rubinstein and Donald E. Smith, pp. 593-614
                                                  11. [+]
                                                    The Meaning of Moderation by Jack Snyder, pp. 615-626 - 1 Review
                                                    1. The Making of America's Soviet Policy by Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
                                                  12. [+]
                                                    World Politics, pp. 627-628 - 4 Reviews
                                                    1. The New Diplomacy by Abba S. Eban
                                                    2. The Diplomats by Martin Mayer
                                                    3. The Green Movement in West Germany by Elim Papadakis
                                                    4. The Third World Coalition in International Politics by Robert A. Mortimer
                                                  13. [+]
                                                    United States and Canada, pp. 629-630 - 4 Reviews
                                                    1. Caveat by Alexander M. Haig
                                                    2. The United States and the Persian Gulf by Alvin J. Cottrell and Michael Moodie
                                                    3. The American Retreat by Joseph Churba
                                                    4. Half War by Robert P. Haffa
                                                  14. [+]
                                                    Diplomatic and Military History, pp. 631-632 - 4 Reviews
                                                    1. The Change in the European Balance of Power, 1938-1939 by Williamson Murray
                                                    2. The Foreign Office and the Kremlin by Graham Ross
                                                    3. The Great Powers and the End of the Ottoman Empire by Marian Kent
                                                    4. Europe Transformed, 1878-1919 by Norman Stone
                                                  15. [+]
                                                    International Economics and Technology, pp. 633-635 - 5 Reviews
                                                    1. Crisis in Economic Relations Between North and South by Norman Schofield
                                                    2. Power, Passions, and Purpose by Jagdish N. Bhagwati and John G. Ruggie
                                                    3. The Economic Theory of Social Institutions by Andrew Schotter
                                                    4. Presidential Economics by Herbert Stein
                                                    5. Economics and World Power by William H. Becker and Samuel F. Wells, jr.
                                                  16. [+]
                                                    Military National Security and Arms Control, pp. 636-637 - 3 Reviews
                                                    1. Nuclear Debate by Phil Williams
                                                    2. The M16 Controversies by Thomas L. McNaugher
                                                    3. Preventing War in the Nuclear Age by Dietrich Fischer
                                                  17. [+]
                                                    Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, pp. 638-639 - 6 Reviews
                                                    1. The Soviet Union and Revolutionary Iran by Aryeh Y. Yodfat
                                                    2. The Crisis in Soviet Agriculture by Stefan Hedlund
                                                    3. Soviet Policy in Eastern Europe by Sarah Meiklejohn Terry
                                                    4. Political Elite Recruitment in the Soviet Union by Bohdan Harasymiw
                                                    5. The Dilemma of Reform in the Soviet Union by Timothy J. Colton
                                                    6. Soviet-East European Relations by Robert L. Hutchings
                                                  18. [+]
                                                    The Middle East, pp. 640-660 - 17 Reviews
                                                    1. Islam by John Sabini
                                                    2. The Peace Process, 1969-1973 by Mordechai Gazit
                                                    3. Political Parties in the West Bank Under the Jordanian Regime, 1949-1967 by Amnon Cohen
                                                    4. United Arab Emirates by Frank A. Clements
                                                    5. The Middle East Political Dictionary by Lawrence Ziring
                                                    6. Whos Who in Saudi Arabia by Samir Sarhan
                                                    7. A Concise History of the Middle East by Arthur Goldschmidt, Jr.
                                                    8. The Arabian Peninsula by Robert W. Stookey
                                                    9. Kuwait and the Gulf by Hassan Ali Al-Ebraheem
                                                    10. Oil Supply Disruptions in the 1980s by Karim Pakravan
                                                    11. Arab Petropolitics by Abdulaziz H. Al-Sowayegh
                                                    12. The Islamic Impact by Yvonne Y. Haddad, Byron Haines, and Ellison Findly, ...
                                                    13. The Struggle for South Yemen by Joseph Kostiner
                                                    14. The Iran-Iraq War by M.S. El-Azhary
                                                    15. Fire in Beirut by Dan Bavley and Eliahu Salpeter
                                                    16. Israeli Security Planning in the 1980s by Zvi Lanir
                                                    17. The War for Lebanon, 1970-1985 by Itamar Rabinovich
                                                4. [+]
                                                  Winter 1984 Issue = 20 Articles
                                                  1. Reflections on Gaming by Lincoln P. Bloomfield, pp. 783-789
                                                  2. Deterrence, Gaming, and Game Theory by Paul Bracken, pp. 790-802
                                                  3. Child of Neglect by Garry D. Brewer, pp. 803-811
                                                  4. Defense War Gaming by Lloyd H. Hoffman, Jr., pp. 812-824
                                                  5. Politics and the "Afrikaner Bomb" by Robert S. Jaster, pp. 825-852
                                                  6. Nuclear Proliferation Prospects for Argentina by Daniel Poneman, pp. 853-880
                                                  7. Brazil by David J. Myers, pp. 881-912
                                                  8. European Security, East-West Policy, and the INF Debate by Jed C. Snyder, pp. 913-970
                                                  9. Legitimacy and Political Change in Yemen and Oman by J.E. Peterson, pp. 971-998
                                                  10. The MBFR Process and Its Prospects by Richard F. Staar, pp. 999-1010
                                                  11. China's Military Modernization by June Teufel Dreyer, pp. 1011-1026
                                                  12. Measures to Reduce the Risk of Nuclear War by William J. Perry, pp. 1027-1036
                                                  13. [+]
                                                    Politics, Strategy, and Conventional Deterrence by Thomas L. McNaugher, pp. 1037-1046 - 1 Review
                                                    1. Conventional Deterrence by John J. Mearsheimer
                                                  14. [+]
                                                    World Politics, p. 1047 - 3 Reviews
                                                    1. The Committed Observer by Raymond Aron, Jean Louis Missika, and Dominique Wolton, ...
                                                    2. Closing the Gold Window by Joanne Gowa
                                                    3. The US, the UN, and the Management of Global Change by Toby Trister Gati
                                                  15. [+]
                                                    International Economics and Technology, pp. 1048-1050 - 6 Reviews
                                                    1. Setting National Priorities: The 1984 Budget by Joseph A. Pechman
                                                    2. The Oil Price Revolution by Steven A. Schneider
                                                    3. OPEC, The Petroleum Industry, and United States Energy Policy by Arabinda Ghosh
                                                    4. International Dynamics of Technology by Ralph Sanders
                                                    5. The Politics of Technology Assessment by David M. O'Brien and Donald A. Marchland
                                                    6. Zionism and Economy by Baruch Kimmerling
                                                  16. [+]
                                                    Military National Security and Arms Control, pp. 1051-1054 - 8 Reviews
                                                    1. The Command and Control of Nuclear Forces by Paul Bracken
                                                    2. Nuclear War, Nuclear Peace by Leon Wieseltier
                                                    3. American Military Space Policy by Colin S. Gray
                                                    4. The Politics of Nuclear Balance by William H. Baugh
                                                    5. Civil Defense in the U.S. by Thomas J. Kerr
                                                    6. The Bishops and the Bomb by Jim Castelli
                                                    7. Nuclear Arms Control by Julie Dahlitz
                                                    8. Decisionmaking for Arms Limitation by Hans Guenter Brauch and Duncan L. Clarke
                                                  17. [+]
                                                    The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, pp. 1055-1057 - 9 Reviews
                                                    1. International Policy Formation in the USSR by Gavriel D. Ra'anan
                                                    2. The Soviet Control Structure by William F. Scott and Harriet Fast Scott
                                                    3. Soviet Strategic Forces by Robert P. Berman and John C. Baker
                                                    4. Pluralism in the Soviet Union by Susan Gross Solomon
                                                    5. Soviet Foreign Policy: The Brezhnev Years by Robin Edmonds
                                                    6. Islamic Peoples of the Soviet Union by Shirin Akiner
                                                    7. The Polish Drama, 1980-1982 by Jan B. de Weydenthal, Bruce D. Porter, and Kevin Devlin, ...
                                                    8. The Post-Brezhnev Era by Silviu Brucan
                                                    9. The Tragic Plight of a Border Area by Maria Mauoliu-Manea
                                                  18. [+]
                                                    Western Europe, pp. 1058-1060 - 6 Reviews
                                                    1. Winston S. Churchill, Vol. VII by Martin Gilbert
                                                    2. The British Between the Superpowers, 1945-50 by Elisabeth Barker
                                                    3. The Bomb and European Security by Guido Vigeveno
                                                    4. Nato's Nuclear Dilemmas by David N. Schwartz
                                                    5. Unionism, Economic Stabilization, and Incomes Policies by Robert J. Flanagan, David W. Soskice, and Lloyd Ulman, ...
                                                    6. Social Democratic Parties in Europe by Anton Pelinka
                                                  19. [+]
                                                    Latin America, p. 1061 - 3 Reviews
                                                    1. Revolution in El Salvador by Tommie Sue Montgomery
                                                    2. Western Hemisphere Stability by R. Daniel McMichael and John D. Paulus
                                                    3. Latin America by Harold Blakemore and Clifford T. Smith
                                                  20. [+]
                                                    The Middle East, pp. 1062-1071 - 8 Reviews
                                                    1. The Great Game by Alvin Z. Rubinstein
                                                    2. In the Path of God by Daniel Pipes
                                                    3. Autumn of Fury by Mohammed Heikal
                                                    4. Negotiating for Peace in the Middle East by Ismail Fahmy
                                                    5. The Middle East Military Balance, 1996 by Mark A. Heller
                                                    6. Israel, the Palestinians, and the West Bank by Shmuel Sandler and Hillel Frisch
                                                    7. A Shared Destiny by Joyce R. Starr and Addeane S. Caelleigh
                                                    8. Beirut by Selim Nassib and Caroline Tisdall
                                              2. [+]
                                                Issues of 1985 = 4 Issues, 56 Articles
                                                1. [+]
                                                  Issues of 1986 = 1 Issue, 13 Articles
                                                  1. [+]
                                                    Issues of 1987 = 3 Issues, 47 Articles
                                                    1. [+]
                                                      Issues of 1988 = 4 Issues, 65 Articles
                                                      1. [+]
                                                        Issues of 1989 = 4 Issues, 79 Articles
                                                      2. [+]
                                                        Issues of the 1990s = 9 Years, 36 Issues, 619 Articles
                                                        1. [+]
                                                          Issues of 1990 = 4 Issues, 74 Articles
                                                          1. [+]
                                                            Issues of 1991 = 4 Issues, 78 Articles
                                                            1. [+]
                                                              Issues of 1992 = 4 Issues, 82 Articles
                                                              1. [+]
                                                                Issues of 1993 = 4 Issues, 78 Articles
                                                                1. [+]
                                                                  Issues of 1994 = 4 Issues, 70 Articles
                                                                  1. [+]
                                                                    Issues of 1995 = 4 Issues, 63 Articles
                                                                    1. [+]
                                                                      Issues of 1996 = 4 Issues, 60 Articles
                                                                      1. [+]
                                                                        Issues of 1997 = 4 Issues, 61 Articles
                                                                        1. [+]
                                                                          Issues of 1999 = 4 Issues, 53 Articles
                                                                        2. [+]
                                                                          Issues of the 2000s = 2 Years, 8 Issues, 100 Articles
                                                                          1. [+]
                                                                            Issues of 2000 = 4 Issues, 49 Articles
                                                                            1. [+]
                                                                              Issues of 2001 = 4 Issues, 51 Articles