The Unz Review • An Alternative Media Selection
A Collection of Interesting, Important, and Controversial Perspectives Largely Excluded from the American Mainstream Media
The Independent Review Archives
The Independent Review • 4 Years, 9 Issues, 142 Articles, 1,476pp
Articles
Medicare's Progeny
The 1996 Health Care Legislation
The Independent Review, Winter 1998, pp. 373-400
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  1. [+]
    Issues of the 1990s = 4 Years, 9 Issues, 142 Articles
    1. [+]
      Issues of 1996 = 2 Issues, 30 Articles
      1. [+]
        Spring 1996 Issue = 16 Articles
        1. Preface by David J. Theroux, pp. 3-4
        2. Editor's Welcome by Robert Higgs, pp. 5-8
        3. What is Living and What is Dead in Classical Liberalism? by Charles K. Rowley, pp. 9-28
        4. Regulation of Carcinogens by Aaron Wildavsky, pp. 29-54
        5. The End of Welfare and the Contradiction of Compassion by Stephen T. Ziliak, pp. 55-74
        6. From Gold to the Ecu by Leland B. Yeager, pp. 75-100
        7. Culture, Politics, and McCarthyism by Irving Louis Horowitz, pp. 101-110
        8. Was Your High School Civics Teacher Right After All? by Donald J. Boudreaux, pp. 111-128
        9. [+]
          Review The Vision of the Anointed, by Thomas Sowell by Stephen Cox, pp. 129-131 - 1 Review
          1. The Vision of the Anointed by Thomas Sowell
        10. [+]
          Review Constitutional History of the American Revolut... by Kermit L. Hall, pp. 132-134 - 1 Review
          1. Constitutional History of the American Revolution by John Phillip Reid
        11. [+]
          Review The Constitutional Thought of Thomas Jefferson... by James W. Ely, Jr., pp. 135-138 - 1 Review
          1. The Constitutional Thought of Thomas Jefferson by David N. Mayer
        12. [+]
          Review Golden Rule, by Thomas Ferguson by Michael C. Munger, pp. 139-141 - 1 Review
          1. Golden Rule by Thomas Ferguson
        13. [+]
          Review Dismantling Utopia, by Scott Shane by Yuri Maltsev, pp. 142-146 - 1 Review
          1. Dismantling Utopia by Scott Shane
        14. [+]
          Review Isolationism Reconfigured, by Eric Nordlinger by Doug Bandow, pp. 147-150 - 1 Review
          1. Isolationism Reconfigured by Eric Nordlinger
        15. Etceteras... by Robert Higgs, pp. 151-162
        16. Front Cover: Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale
      2. [+]
        Fall 1996 Issue = 14 Articles
        1. Predatory Public Finance and the Origins of the War on Drugs by Bruce L. Benson and David W. Rasmussen, pp. 163-190
        2. Information Asymmetries in Health Services by Stephen Shmanske, pp. 191-200
        3. New Deal Nemesis by Sheldon Richman, pp. 201-248
        4. Rent Seeking Never Stops by James A. Montanye, pp. 249-280
        5. [+]
          2 Reviews Economic Thought before Adam Smith, by Murray ... by Paul Heyne, pp. 281-284 - 2 Reviews
          1. Economic Thought before Adam Smith by Murray N. Rothbard
          2. Classical Economics by Murray N. Rothbard
        6. [+]
          Review The War Against Authority, by Nicholas N. Kittrie by Sigmund Knag, pp. 285-288 - 1 Review
          1. The War Against Authority by Nicholas N. Kittrie
        7. [+]
          Review Strong Managers, Weak Owners, by Mark J. Roe by John G. Matsusaka, pp. 289-291 - 1 Review
          1. Strong Managers, Weak Owners by Mark J. Roe
        8. [+]
          Review Public Goods and Private Communities, by Fred ... by Lynne Kiesling, pp. 292-294 - 1 Review
          1. Public Goods and Private Communities by Fred Foldvary
        9. [+]
          Review State and Party in America's New Deal, by Kenn... by John Joseph Wallis, pp. 295-296 - 1 Review
          1. State and Party in America's New Deal by Kenneth Finegold and Theda Skocpol
        10. [+]
          Review Selling War, by Nicholas John Cull by Justus D. Doenecke, pp. 297-299 - 1 Review
          1. Selling War by Nicholas John Cull
        11. [+]
          Review The End of the Republican Era, by Theodore J. ... by Richard P. Young and Paul W. Pitkin, pp. 300-303 - 1 Review
          1. The End of the Republican Era by Theodore J. Lowi
        12. [+]
          Review The Economic Autonomy of a Drug War, by David ... by Mark Thornton, pp. 304-308 - 1 Review
          1. The Economic Autonomy of a Drug War by David W. Rasmussen and Bruce L. Benson
        13. Etceteras... by Robert Higgs, pp. 309-322
        14. Front Cover Photo: Henry Louis Mencken by Edward Steichen
    2. [+]
      Issues of 1997 = 4 Issues, 67 Articles
      1. [+]
        Spring 1997 Issue = 16 Articles
        1. The Case against Psychiatric Coercion by Thomas Szasz, pp. 485-498
        2. Does "Existence Value" Exist? by Robert H. Nelson, pp. 499-522
        3. Was Locke a Liberal? by Jerome Huyler, pp. 523-542
        4. Entrepreneurship and Coastal Resource Management by James R. Rinehart and Jeffrey J. Pompe, pp. 543-560
        5. Regime Uncertainty by Robert Higgs, pp. 561-590
        6. [+]
          Deja Vu by Ivan Pongracic, pp. 591-600 - 2 Reviews
          1. The Political Economy of Socialism by Branko Horvat
          2. The Theory of Value, Capital and Interest by Branko Horvat
        7. [+]
          Review Economic Analysis of Institutions and Systems,... by Thrainn Eggertsson, pp. 601-604 - 1 Review
          1. Economic Analysis of Institutions and Systems by Svetozar Pejovich
        8. [+]
          Review The Limits of Public Choice, by Lars Udehn by David Schap, pp. 605-608 - 1 Review
          1. The Limits of Public Choice by Lars Udehn
        9. [+]
          Review A Struggle for Power, by Theodore Draper by Gerald Gunderson, pp. 609-610 - 1 Review
          1. A Struggle for Power by Theodore Draper
        10. [+]
          Review Democracy and International Trade, by Daniel V... by John V.C. Nye, pp. 611-614 - 1 Review
          1. Democracy and International Trade by Daniel Verdier
        11. [+]
          Review The Chief Justiceship of Melville W. Fuller, 1... by Andrew Rutten, pp. 615-617 - 1 Review
          1. The Chief Justiceship of Melville W. Fuller, 1888-1910 by James W. Ely, Jr.
        12. [+]
          Review The Postwar Japanese System, by William K. Tabb by Yuzo Murayama, pp. 618-622 - 1 Review
          1. The Postwar Japanese System by William K. Tabb
        13. Fifty Years of the Mont Pelerin Society by Robert Higgs, pp. 623-625
        14. Thank You to Referees, p. 626
        15. Index, pp. 627-642
        16. Front Cover: Chicago ca. 1930
      2. [+]
        Summer 1997 Issue = 18 Articles
        1. Autonomy and Automobility by Loren E. Lomasky, pp. 5-28
        2. Curb Rights by Daniel B. Klein, Adrian T. Moore, and Binyam Reja, ..., pp. 29-54
        3. Preventing Banking Crises in the Future by George G. Kaufman, pp. 55-78
        4. Nikolai Bukharin and the New Economic Policy by Jonathan J. Bean, pp. 79-98
        5. The Ambitious, Accomodative Adam Smith by Salim Rashid, pp. 99-108
        6. Wreaking Hobbes on Mankind by Philip Coates, pp. 109-116
        7. [+]
          Review Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy, by Robe... by Leland B. Yeager, pp. 117-119 - 1 Review
          1. Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy by Robert E. Goodin
        8. [+]
          Review Against the Imperial Judiciary, by Matthew J. ... by Bernard H. Siegan, pp. 120-124 - 1 Review
          1. Against the Imperial Judiciary by Matthew J. Franck
        9. [+]
          Review The Myth of American Individualism, by Barry A... by Jerome Huyler, pp. 125-128 - 1 Review
          1. The Myth of American Individualism by Barry Alan Shain
        10. [+]
          Review Emancipating Slaves, Enslaving Free Men, by Je... by Stanley L. Engerman, pp. 129-131 - 1 Review
          1. Emancipating Slaves, Enslaving Free Men by Jeffrey Rogers Hummel
        11. [+]
          Review From the Outside In, by Bartholomew H. Sparrow by Jonathan J. Bean, pp. 132-134 - 1 Review
          1. From the Outside In by Bartholomew H. Sparrow
        12. [+]
          Review Oil, Gas, and Government, by Robert L. Bradley... by David Glasner, pp. 135-138 - 1 Review
          1. Oil, Gas, and Government by Robert L. Bradley, Jr.
        13. [+]
          Review Plowing Ground in Washington, by B. Delworth G... by Randal R. Rucker, pp. 139-142 - 1 Review
          1. Plowing Ground in Washington by B. Delworth Gardner
        14. [+]
          Review The Failure of Antitrust and Regulation to Est... by James A. Montanye, pp. 143-145 - 1 Review
          1. The Failure of Antitrust and Regulation to Establish Competition in Long-Distance Telephone Services by Paul W. MacAvoy
        15. [+]
          Review The End of Welfare, by Michael Tanner by Edgar K. Browning, pp. 146-149 - 1 Review
          1. The End of Welfare by Michael Tanner
        16. [+]
          Review Science on Trial, by Marcia Angell by Elisabeth Ryzen, pp. 150-154 - 1 Review
          1. Science on Trial by Marcia Angell
        17. Bolingbroke, Nixon, and the Rest of Them by Robert Higgs, pp. 155-170
        18. Cover Photo: 1956 Ford Fairlane
      3. [+]
        Fall 1997 Issue = 14 Articles
        1. Constitutional Rules, Political Accidents, and the Course of History by Jennifer Roback Morse, pp. 173-200
        2. Has John Roemer Resurrected Market Socialism? by Michael Wohlgemuth, pp. 201-224
        3. South African Economic Development in the Light of the New Institutional Economics by Henry Kenney, pp. 225-242
        4. Law, Tradition, and the Transition in Eastern Europe by Svetozar Pejovich, pp. 243-254
        5. The Tempting of Richard Posner by Richard Bostan, pp. 255-270
        6. Bostan, Bork, and the Jurisprudence of Limited Government by Andrew Rutten, pp. 271-286
        7. The Quickening of Social Evolution by Spencer H. MacCallum, pp. 287-302
        8. [+]
          Why Did the East Germans Rebel? by Susanne Lohmann, pp. 303-310 - 1 Review
          1. Origins of a Spontaneous Revolution by Karl-Dieter Opp, Christiane Gern, and Peter Voss, ...
        9. [+]
          Review Hayek's Political Economy, by Steve Fleetwood by Norman Barry, pp. 311-313 - 1 Review
          1. Hayek's Political Economy by Steve Fleetwood
        10. [+]
          Review Pay Any Price, by Lloyd C. Gardner by Ted Galen Carpenter, pp. 314-317 - 1 Review
          1. Pay Any Price by Lloyd C. Gardner
        11. [+]
          Review Sovereign Nations Or Reservations?, by Terry L... by Ronald L. Trosper, pp. 318-320 - 1 Review
          1. Sovereign Nations Or Reservations? by Terry L. Anderson
        12. [+]
          Review The Captive Press, by Ted Galen Carpenter by Jonathan Kwitny, pp. 321-324 - 1 Review
          1. The Captive Press by Ted Galen Carpenter
        13. Death and Taxes by Robert Higgs, pp. 325-338
        14. Front Cover: U.S. Supreme Court
      4. [+]
        Winter 1997 Issue = 19 Articles
        1. Liberty, Dignity, and Responsibility by Daniel B. Klein, pp. 325-352
        2. The Tragedy of the Budgetary Commons by Earl R. Brubaker, pp. 353-370
        3. They're Not the Same by Roy E. Cordato, pp. 371-386
        4. Substitutes or Complements? by Peter J. Hill, pp. 387-396
        5. The Almighty, Impotent State by Sigmund Knag, pp. 397-412
        6. [+]
          What Do People Really Want? by Loren E. Lomasky, pp. 413-422 - 1 Review
          1. Private Truths, Public Lies by Timur Kuran
        7. [+]
          Review The Free Society, by Lansing Pollock by Jan Narveson, pp. 423-427 - 1 Review
          1. The Free Society by Lansing Pollock
        8. [+]
          Review Against the Tide, by Douglas A. Irwin by George C. Leef, pp. 428-431 - 1 Review
          1. Against the Tide by Douglas A. Irwin
        9. [+]
          Review Adam Smith's System of Liberty, Wealth and Vir... by Edwin G. West, pp. 432-434 - 1 Review
          1. Adam Smith's System of Liberty, Wealth and Virtue by Athol Fitzgibbons
        10. [+]
          Review The Sacred Fire of Liberty, by Lance Banning by Herman Belz, pp. 435-438 - 1 Review
          1. The Sacred Fire of Liberty by Lance Banning
        11. [+]
          Review The Road to Mass Democracy, by C.H. Hoebeke by Todd J. Zywicki, pp. 439-442 - 1 Review
          1. The Road to Mass Democracy by C.H. Hoebeke
        12. [+]
          Review The Return of George Sutherland, by Hadley Arkes by James E. Bond, pp. 443-444 - 1 Review
          1. The Return of George Sutherland by Hadley Arkes
        13. [+]
          Review Black Wealth/White Wealth, by Melvin L. Oliver... by Robert A. Margo, pp. 445-447 - 1 Review
          1. Black Wealth/White Wealth by Melvin L. Oliver and Thomas M. Shapiro
        14. [+]
          Review Land Rights, by Bruce Yandle by Gary D. Libecap, pp. 448-451 - 1 Review
          1. Land Rights by Bruce Yandle
        15. [+]
          Review In the Shadow of War, by Michael Sherry by Wesley Allen Riddle, pp. 452-455 - 1 Review
          1. In the Shadow of War by Michael Sherry
        16. [+]
          Review For the President's Eyes Only, by Christopher ... by Craig T. Cobane, pp. 456-458 - 1 Review
          1. For the President's Eyes Only by Christopher Andrew
        17. [+]
          Review One for All, by Russell Hardin by Karl-Dieter Opp, pp. 459-464 - 1 Review
          1. One for All by Russell Hardin
        18. Public Choice and Political Leadership by Robert Higgs, pp. 465-482
        19. Front Cover: Alexis de Tocqueville by Chasseriau
    3. [+]
      Issues of 1998 = 1 Issue, 13 Articles
      1. [+]
        Winter 1998 Issue = 13 Articles
        1. Crime Control Through Private Enterprise by Bruce L. Benson, pp. 341-372
        2. Medicare's Progeny by Charlotte Twight, pp. 373-400
        3. On the Nature of Civil Society by Charles K. Rowley, pp. 401-420
        4. Benjamin Tucker, Liberty, and Individualist Anarchism by Wendy McElroy, pp. 421-434
        5. [+]
          Democracy and War by Ted Galen Carpenter, pp. 435-442 - 2 Reviews
          1. Death by Government by R.J. Rummel
          2. Power Kills by R.J. Rummel
        6. [+]
          Review The Politics of Faith and the Politics of Scep... by Eugene Heath, pp. 443-446 - 1 Review
          1. The Politics of Faith and the Politics of Scepticism by Michael Oakeshott and Timothy Fuller
        7. [+]
          Review Globalizing Capital, by Barry Eichengreen by Anna J. Schwartz, pp. 447-449 - 1 Review
          1. Globalizing Capital by Barry Eichengreen
        8. [+]
          2 Reviews The Great Chief Justice, by Charles F. Hobson by James W. Ely, Jr., pp. 450-455 - 2 Reviews
          1. The Great Chief Justice by Charles F. Hobson
          2. John Marshall: Definer of a Nation by Jean Edward Smith
        9. [+]
          Review The Life of Herbert Hoover, by George H. Nash by Ronald Schaffer, pp. 456-458 - 1 Review
          1. The Life of Herbert Hoover by George H. Nash
        10. [+]
          Review Beyond the Broker State, by Jonathan J. Bean by Gene Smiley, pp. 459-461 - 1 Review
          1. Beyond the Broker State by Jonathan J. Bean
        11. [+]
          Review Drug Policy and the Decline of American Cities... by D. Eric Schansberg, pp. 462-464 - 1 Review
          1. Drug Policy and the Decline of American Cities by Sam Staley
        12. [+]
          Review Dismantling the Welfare State?, by Paul Pierson by William A. Niskanen, pp. 465-468 - 1 Review
          1. Dismantling the Welfare State? by Paul Pierson
        13. Puritanism, Paternalism and Power by Robert Higgs, pp. 469-482
    4. [+]
      Issues of 1999 = 2 Issues, 32 Articles
      1. [+]
        Spring 1999 Issue = 18 Articles
        1. Of Stranded Costs and Stranded Hopes by Fred S. McChesney, pp. 485-510
        2. Fixing the Endangered Species Act by Randy T. Simmons, pp. 511-536
        3. The Political Economics of Campaign Finance by Jeffrey Milyo, pp. 537-548
        4. Privatization of Public-Sector Pensions by Robert L. Clark, Lee A. Craig, and Jack W. Wilson, ..., pp. 549-564
        5. Are We All Capitalists now? by John R. Hanson II, pp. 565-574
        6. Michael Polanyi's Economics by Paul Craig Roberts and T. Norman Van Cott, pp. 575-580
        7. Can Anarchy Save Us from Leviathan? by Andrew Rutten, pp. 581-594
        8. The Great Depression Revisited by Roger W. Garrison, pp. 595-604
        9. [+]
          Review Congress, by Keith T. Poole and Howard Rosenthal by Michael C. Munger, pp. 605-608 - 1 Review
          1. Congress by Keith T. Poole and Howard Rosenthal
        10. [+]
          Review Privatizing Social Security, by Martin Feldstein by Alexander Tabarrok, pp. 609-611 - 1 Review
          1. Privatizing Social Security by Martin Feldstein
        11. [+]
          Review Nixon's Economy, by Allen J. Matusow by Steven Horwitz, pp. 612-614 - 1 Review
          1. Nixon's Economy by Allen J. Matusow
        12. [+]
          Review Ethnic Diversity, Liberty and the State, by Mw... by James C.W. Ahiakpor, pp. 615-616 - 1 Review
          1. Ethnic Diversity, Liberty and the State by Mwangi S. Kimenyi
        13. [+]
          Review The Noblest Triumph, by Tom Bethell by T. Norman Van Cott, pp. 617-619 - 1 Review
          1. The Noblest Triumph by Tom Bethell
        14. [+]
          Review Privacy in the Information Age, by Fred H. Cate by R.W. Bradford, pp. 620-622 - 1 Review
          1. Privacy in the Information Age by Fred H. Cate
        15. We're All Sick and Government Must Heal us by Robert Higgs, pp. 623-628
        16. Thank You to Referees, pp. 629-630
        17. Index, pp. 631-642
        18. Front Cover: Gray Wolf
      2. [+]
        Summer 1999 Issue = 14 Articles
        1. Liberty and Feminism by Richard A. Epstein, pp. 5-18
        2. After Kyoto by Bruce Yandle, pp. 19-40
        3. Twenty Years after Humphrey-Hawkins by Jody Lipford, pp. 41-62
        4. The Ways of John Gray by Daniel B. Klein, pp. 63-90
        5. Doomsday Every Day by Jacqueline R. Kasun, pp. 91-106
        6. [+]
          On Treating Like Cases Alike by Anthony de Jasay, pp. 107-118 - 1 Review
          1. Politics by Principle, Not Interest by James M. Buchanan and Roger D. Congleton
        7. [+]
          Race Policy in Three American Cities by Lino A. Graglia, pp. 119-132 - 1 Review
          1. Someone Else's House by Tamar Jacoby
        8. [+]
          Review Desperate Deception, by Thomas E. Mahl by Justus D. Doenecke, pp. 133-136 - 1 Review
          1. Desperate Deception by Thomas E. Mahl
        9. [+]
          Review East and West, by Christopher Patten by Christopher Lingle, pp. 137-139 - 1 Review
          1. East and West by Christopher Patten
        10. [+]
          Review The Origins and Demise of South African Aparth... by Walter E. Williams, pp. 140-143 - 1 Review
          1. The Origins and Demise of South African Apartheid by Anton D. Lowenberg and William H. Kaempfer
        11. [+]
          Review Overcoming Welfare, by James L. Payne by Stephen T. Ziliak, pp. 144-146 - 1 Review
          1. Overcoming Welfare by James L. Payne
        12. [+]
          Review Commodity and Propriety, by Gregory S. Alexander by Todd J. Zywicki, pp. 147-152 - 1 Review
          1. Commodity and Propriety by Gregory S. Alexander
        13. Escaping Leviathan? by Robert Higgs, pp. 153-162
        14. Front Cover: Liberty Leading the People by Eugene Delacroix