The Unz Review • An Alternative Media Selection$
A Collection of Interesting, Important, and Controversial Perspectives Largely Excluded from the American Mainstream Media
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The Forum • 51 Years, 526 Issues, 9,708 Articles, 60,931pp
Increase of Crime by "Reformatory" Prisons
The Forum, October 1891, pp. 228-237
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  1. [+]
    Issues of the 1890s = 10 Years, 103 Issues, 1,272 Articles
    1. [+]
      Issues of 1890 = 1 Issue, 11 Articles
      1. [+]
        Issues of 1891 = 12 Issues, 152 Articles
        1. [+]
          January 1891 Issue = 11 Articles
          1. The Division of Africa by Prof. Emile de Laveleye, pp. 479-496
          2. Formative Influences by President Timothy Dwight, pp. 497-507
          3. The Shibboleth of Liberty by W.S. Lilly, pp. 508-516
          4. Is Verse in Danger? by Prof. Edmund Gosse, pp. 517-526
          5. The Revolution in Medicine by Dr. Austin Flint, pp. 527-536
          6. Conservative Progress by Rev. Dr. George D. Boardman, pp. 537-545
          7. The Coming Billionaire by Thomas G. Shearman, pp. 546-557
          8. Does the Negro Seek Social Equality? by Rev. J.C. Price, pp. 558-564
          9. The Manufacture of Ancestors by John D. Champlin, Jr., pp. 565-572
          10. Reform in Railway Construction by Oberlin Smith, pp. 573-584
          11. The Revolt against Matrimony by Eliza Lynn Linton, pp. 585-630
        2. [+]
          February 1891 Issue = 12 Articles
          1. The Vanishing Surplus by Senator John G. Carlisle, pp. 597-606
          2. Formative Influences by Prof. Basil L. Gildersleeve, pp. 607-617
          3. The Next Step in Education by President Charles Kendall Adams, pp. 618-632
          4. Was the Emin Expedition Piratical? by E.L. Godkin, pp. 633-644
          5. The Physical Basis of Mind by Dr. Henry Maudsley, pp. 645-657
          6. Bowdlerized Biography by Walter Lewin, pp. 658-666
          7. The Four Modes of Life by Major J.W. Powell, pp. 667-677
          8. As the Chinese See Us by President W.A.P. Martin, pp. 678-688
          9. The Farmer's Changed Condition by Prof. Rodney Welch, pp. 689-700
          10. Political Progress in Japan by Rev. Dr. William Elliot Griffis, pp. 701-707
          11. The Government and the Indians by Hirman Price, pp. 708-716
          12. Index to the Tenth Volume of The Forum, pp. 717-750
        3. [+]
          March 1891 Issue = 11 Articles
          1. The Nicaragua Canal by Senator John Sherman, pp. 1-9
          2. Silver as a Circulating Medium by George S. Boutwell, pp. 10-18
          3. Do We Hate England? by Bishop A. Cleveland Coxe, pp. 19-28
          4. The Shibboleth of "The People" by W.S. Lilly, pp. 29-37
          5. Freedom of Religious Discussion by Prof. Max Muller, pp. 38-49
          6. Formative Influences by Martha J. Lamb, pp. 50-58
          7. A New Policy for the Public Schools by John Bascom, pp. 59-66
          8. Our Bargain with the Inventor by Park Benjamin, pp. 67-78
          9. Railways under Government Control by W.M. Acworth, pp. 79-90
          10. The Ring and the Trust by Rev. Dr. William Barry, pp. 91-102
          11. Russia's Treatment of Jewish Subjects by P.G. Hubert, Jr., pp. 103-114
        4. [+]
          April 1891 Issue = 11 Articles
          1. What Can We Do for the Poor? by Rev. Dr. W.S. Rainsford, pp. 115-126
          2. The Fate of the Election Bill by Senator George F. Hoar, pp. 127-136
          3. A Defective Census by Roger Q. Mills, pp. 137-145
          4. Will Morality Survive Religion? by Prof. Goldwin Smith, pp. 146-156
          5. The Growth of Sentiency by Major J.W. Powell, pp. 157-167
          6. Madame de Stael by W.E.H. Lecky, pp. 168-182
          7. Formative Influences by Prof. Simon Newcomb, pp. 183-191
          8. The Methods of Mind-readers by Dr. Charles Gatchell, pp. 192-204
          9. Trade-unionism and Utopia by W.H. Mallock, pp. 205-214
          10. Railway Passenger Rates by Prof. Arthur T. Hadley, pp. 215-220
          11. The Flood Plains of Rivers by W.J. McGee, pp. 221-234
        5. [+]
          May 1891 Issue = 12 Articles
          1. State Rights and Foreign Relations by Ex-Sec'y T.F. Bayard, pp. 235-249
          2. The Commonwealth of Australia by Sir Roderick W. Cameron #2, pp. 250-257
          3. The United States Census by President Francis A. Walker, pp. 258-267
          4. Reciprocity---Why Southward Only? by Roger Q. Mills, pp. 268-275
          5. Spain a Democratic Nation by Emilio Castelar, pp. 276-290
          6. South-western Commerce and Gulf Harbors by Senator William P. Frye, pp. 291-301
          7. Changes of Orthodoxy in England by Rev. Dr. Alfred Momerie, pp. 302-311
          8. The Transmission of Culture by Prof. Lester F. Ward, pp. 312-319
          9. Chemistry To-day and Its Problems by Prof. William Crookes, pp. 320-329
          10. The Bertillon System of Indentification by Alphonse Bertillon, pp. 330-341
          11. Our Servility in Literature by Prof. Thomas Davidson, pp. 342-346
          12. Free Silver Coinage---Why Not? by Edward Atkinson, pp. 347-351
        6. [+]
          June 1891 Issue = 14 Articles
          1. Von Moltke and Future Warfare by Col. Theodore A. Dodge, pp. 353-366
          2. Church and Creed by Rev. Dr. Charles A. Briggs, pp. 367-378
          3. The Commonwealth of Australia by Sir Charles W. Dilke, pp. 379-397
          4. Immigration and the Tariff by The Hon. William McAdoo, pp. 398-405
          5. The Great Count of 1890 by President Francis A. Walker, pp. 406-418
          6. Our Chance for Commercial Supremacy by Ulysses D. Eddy, pp. 419-428
          7. Silver, and the Need of More Money by Senator Wm. M. Stewart, pp. 429-437
          8. Our International Copyright Law by Henry Holt, pp. 438-445
          9. A Rational System of Physical Training by President W. DeW. Hyde, pp. 446-452
          10. The New North-west by Senator Joseph N. Dolph, pp. 453-464
          11. A Glance at Our Finances by Joel Cook, pp. 465-467
          12. Western Lands and Mortgages by Prof. J.W. Gleed, pp. 468-470
          13. Southern Financial Interests by J.L. Williams, pp. 471-473
          14. Estimates of New Books, pp. 474-479
        7. [+]
          July 1891 Issue = 12 Articles
          1. The Emperor William II by Prof. F. Heinrich Geffcken, pp. 481-500
          2. The Colored Race in the United States by Prof. Francis A. Walker, pp. 501-509
          3. University Extension in America by Prof. Herbert B. Adams, pp. 510-523
          4. Operation of the Interstate Commerce Law by Aldace F. Walker, pp. 524-540
          5. Are Our Immigrants to Blame? by Oswald Ottendorfer, pp. 541-549
          6. The United States and Silver by Ex-Sec'y Charles S. Fairchild, pp. 550-558
          7. Why We Need Cuba by General Thomas Jordan, pp. 559-567
          8. Home Life in France by Philip Gilbert Hamerton, pp. 568-577
          9. The American Copyright Act by F.R. Daldy, pp. 578-588
          10. The Need of an Elastic Currency by David M. Stone, p. 589
          11. National Bank Embezzlements by J. Selwin Tait, pp. 590-594
          12. Estimates of New Books, pp. 595-600
        8. [+]
          August 1891 Issue = 12 Articles
          1. Russian Finance: A Bad Investment by Dr. F. Heinrich Geffcken, pp. 601-610
          2. The Persecution of the Jews by Isaac A. Hourwitch, pp. 611-626
          3. Refuge for Russian Jews by Baron de Hirsch, pp. 627-633
          4. Immigration and Degradatoin by President Francis A. Walker, pp. 634-644
          5. The Chilian Struggle for Liberty by Ricardo L. Trumbull, pp. 645-651
          6. Literature in the Market-place by George E. Woodberry, pp. 652-661
          7. Profits of Fruit-culture in California by Ex-Gov. L.A. Sheldon, pp. 662-671
          8. Does Public Life Give Long Careers? by Edward P. Clark, pp. 672-682
          9. The Greathead Underground Electric Railway by Simon Sterne, pp. 683-692
          10. A New Route to the North Pole by Dr. Fridtjof Nansen, pp. 693-709
          11. Will Dr. Nansen Succeed? by Gen. A.W. Greely, pp. 710-716
          12. The Causes of Gold Exports by G.G. Williams, pp. 717-719
        9. [+]
          September 1891 Issue = 15 Articles
          1. An American Boys' School---What It Should Be by Henry A. Coit, pp. 1-11
          2. Ideals of the New American University by David Starr Jordan, pp. 12-17
          3. Technological Education in the United States by H.W. Tyler, pp. 18-27
          4. A Review of the Higher Education of Women by Alice Freeman Palmer, pp. 28-40
          5. Physicla Hindrances to Teaching Girls by Charlotte W. Porter, pp. 41-49
          6. The Farmer's Isolation and the Remedy by John W. Bookwalter, pp. 50-61
          7. Authors' Complaints and Publishers' Profits by George Haven Putnam, pp. 62-77
          8. The Growth and Triumph of Wagnerism by Henry T. Finck, pp. 78-88
          9. The Gov. of the U.S. in Account with the Tax-Payers by Edward Atkinson, pp. 89-97
          10. The Political Issues of 1892 by Henry Cabot Lodge, pp. 98-105
          11. The Growth of Industrial Capitalization by J. Selwin Tait, pp. 106-119
          12. The Future of the Electric Railway by Frank J. Sprague, pp. 120-130
          13. Accidents and Accident Insurance by James R. Pitcher, pp. 131-137
          14. Writers and Subjects, p. 138
          15. Book-List, pp. 139-140
        10. [+]
          October 1891 Issue = 15 Articles
          1. An English Estimate of Lowell by F.W. Farrar, pp. 141-152
          2. One Remedy for Municipal Misgovernment by Charles W. Eliot, pp. 153-168
          3. Social Verse by Algernon Charles Swinburne, pp. 169-185
          4. A Plan for a Permanent Bank System by Michael D. Harter, pp. 186-195
          5. The "Bennett Law" in Wisconsin by William F. Vilas, pp. 196-207
          6. The School Controversy in Illinois by E.M. Winston, pp. 208-214
          7. Real Meaning of the Free Coinage Agitation by Edward Atkinson, pp. 215-227
          8. Increase of Crime by "Reformatory" Prisons by William P. Andrews, pp. 228-237
          9. Agricultural Depression and Waste of Time by David Starr Jordan, pp. 238-246
          10. The Needs of our Army and Navy by Theodore Ayrault Dodge, pp. 247-261
          11. A Naval Militia and a Naval Reserve by Jacob W. Miller, pp. 262-269
          12. English Loyalty by H. Labouchere, pp. 270-280
          13. The Increase of Gambling and its Forms by W.B. Curtis, pp. 281-292
          14. Writers and Subjects, pp. 293-294
          15. Book-List, p. 295
        11. [+]
          November 1891 Issue = 12 Articles
          1. Dangers to the Peace of Europe by Edward A. Freeman, pp. 297-311
          2. The Armed Truce of the Powers by William R. Thayer, pp. 312-329
          3. The Degradation of Pennsylvania Politics by Herbert Welsh, pp. 330-345
          4. Regulation of the Lobby in Massachusetts by Josiah Quincy, pp. 346-357
          5. English University Life for Women by Anne J. Clough, pp. 358-367
          6. The Death of Polygamy in Utah by Charles S. Zane, pp. 368-375
          7. The Profit of Good Country Roads by Isaac B. Potter, pp. 376-386
          8. American Shipbuilding and Commercial Supremacy by Charles H. Cramp, pp. 387-398
          9. The Danger of the Farmers' Alliance by John T. Morgan, pp. 399-409
          10. Commercial Future of the Pacific States by William L. Merry, pp. 410-417
          11. Estimates of New Books, pp. 418-421
          12. Writers and Subjects, p. 422
        12. [+]
          December 1891 Issue = 15 Articles
          1. Degradation by Pensions---the Protest of Loyal Volunteers by A.R. Foote, pp. 423-432
          2. Significance of the Massachusetts Election by William E. Russell, pp. 433-440
          3. The Jewish Persecution---its Finan. and Inter. Aspects by Anatole Leroy-Beaulieu, pp. 441-452
          4. French Feeling towards Germany by Camille Pelletan, pp. 453-471
          5. Should the Silver Law of 1890 be Repealed? by Jacob H. Schiff, pp. 472-476
          6. A Plan for a Permanent Bank System by Horace White, pp. 477-482
          7. Bank-Note Circulation---Mr. Harter's Plan by Henry W. Cannon, pp. 483-487
          8. Thoughts about Education by Frederic Harrison, pp. 488-495
          9. Reformatory or Punitive Prison Management? by Elijah C. Foster, pp. 496-504
          10. Unregulated Competition Self-destructive by Aldace F. Walker, pp. 505-518
          11. The Work of Women's Clubs by Alice Hyneman Rhine, pp. 519-528
          12. Need School be a Blight to Child Life? by J.M. Rice, pp. 529-535
          13. A Day with Lord Tennyson by Edwin Arnold, pp. 536-548
          14. Estimates of New Books, pp. 549-552
          15. Writers and Subjects, pp. 553-554
      2. [+]
        Issues of 1892 = 12 Issues, 159 Articles
        1. [+]
          Issues of 1893 = 9 Issues, 120 Articles
          1. [+]
            Issues of 1894 = 12 Issues, 149 Articles
            1. [+]
              Issues of 1895 = 12 Issues, 144 Articles
              1. [+]
                Issues of 1896 = 12 Issues, 137 Articles
                1. [+]
                  Issues of 1897 = 10 Issues, 116 Articles
                  1. [+]
                    Issues of 1898 = 11 Issues, 132 Articles
                    1. [+]
                      Issues of 1899 = 12 Issues, 152 Articles
                    2. [+]
                      Issues of the 1900s = 6 Years, 36 Issues, 435 Articles
                      1. [+]
                        Issues of 1900 = 12 Issues, 150 Articles
                        1. [+]
                          Issues of 1901 = 12 Issues, 148 Articles
                          1. [+]
                            Issues of 1902 = 4 Issues, 47 Articles
                            1. [+]
                              Issues of 1903 = 3 Issues, 32 Articles
                              1. [+]
                                Issues of 1906 = 1 Issue, 11 Articles
                                1. [+]
                                  Issues of 1907 = 4 Issues, 47 Articles
                                2. [+]
                                  Issues of the 1910s = 8 Years, 95 Issues, 1,575 Articles
                                  1. [+]
                                    Issues of 1912 = 12 Issues, 147 Articles
                                    1. [+]
                                      Issues of 1913 = 12 Issues, 196 Articles
                                      1. [+]
                                        Issues of 1914 = 12 Issues, 238 Articles
                                        1. [+]
                                          Issues of 1915 = 12 Issues, 190 Articles
                                          1. [+]
                                            Issues of 1916 = 12 Issues, 169 Articles
                                            1. [+]
                                              Issues of 1917 = 12 Issues, 208 Articles
                                              1. [+]
                                                Issues of 1918 = 12 Issues, 228 Articles
                                                1. [+]
                                                  Issues of 1919 = 11 Issues, 199 Articles
                                                2. [+]
                                                  Issues of the 1920s = 10 Years, 113 Issues, 2,797 Articles
                                                  1. [+]
                                                    Issues of 1920 = 8 Issues, 143 Articles
                                                    1. [+]
                                                      Issues of 1921 = 12 Issues, 199 Articles
                                                      1. [+]
                                                        Issues of 1922 = 12 Issues, 260 Articles
                                                        1. [+]
                                                          Issues of 1923 = 12 Issues, 231 Articles
                                                          1. [+]
                                                            Issues of 1924 = 12 Issues, 373 Articles
                                                            1. [+]
                                                              Issues of 1925 = 9 Issues, 306 Articles
                                                              1. [+]
                                                                Issues of 1926 = 12 Issues, 378 Articles
                                                                1. [+]
                                                                  Issues of 1927 = 12 Issues, 402 Articles
                                                                  1. [+]
                                                                    Issues of 1928 = 12 Issues, 198 Articles
                                                                    1. [+]
                                                                      Issues of 1929 = 12 Issues, 307 Articles
                                                                    2. [+]
                                                                      Issues of the 1930s = 10 Years, 120 Issues, 2,453 Articles
                                                                      1. [+]
                                                                        Issues of 1930 = 12 Issues, 307 Articles
                                                                        1. [+]
                                                                          Issues of 1931 = 12 Issues, 286 Articles
                                                                          1. [+]
                                                                            Issues of 1932 = 12 Issues, 214 Articles
                                                                            1. [+]
                                                                              Issues of 1933 = 12 Issues, 217 Articles
                                                                              1. [+]
                                                                                Issues of 1934 = 12 Issues, 237 Articles
                                                                                1. [+]
                                                                                  Issues of 1935 = 12 Issues, 247 Articles
                                                                                  1. [+]
                                                                                    Issues of 1936 = 12 Issues, 207 Articles
                                                                                    1. [+]
                                                                                      Issues of 1937 = 12 Issues, 229 Articles
                                                                                      1. [+]
                                                                                        Issues of 1938 = 12 Issues, 255 Articles
                                                                                        1. [+]
                                                                                          Issues of 1939 = 12 Issues, 254 Articles
                                                                                        2. [+]
                                                                                          Issues of the 1940s = 6 Years, 58 Issues, 1,164 Articles
                                                                                          1. [+]
                                                                                            Issues of 1940 = 6 Issues, 152 Articles
                                                                                            1. [+]
                                                                                              Issues of 1945 = 4 Issues, 94 Articles
                                                                                              1. [+]
                                                                                                Issues of 1946 = 12 Issues, 331 Articles
                                                                                                1. [+]
                                                                                                  Issues of 1947 = 12 Issues, 206 Articles
                                                                                                  1. [+]
                                                                                                    Issues of 1948 = 12 Issues, 201 Articles
                                                                                                    1. [+]
                                                                                                      Issues of 1949 = 12 Issues, 180 Articles
                                                                                                    2. [+]
                                                                                                      Issues of the 1950s = 1 Year, 1 Issue, 12 Articles
                                                                                                      1. [+]
                                                                                                        Issues of 1950 = 1 Issue, 12 Articles