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Battle of the Ages to Stop Eurasian Integration
Coming decade could see the US take on Russia, China and Iran over the New Silk Road connection
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Iranian seamen salute the Russian Navy frigate Yaroslav Mudry while moored at Chabahar on the Gulf of Oman during Iran-Russia-China joint naval drills. The photo was provided by the Iranian Army office on December 27, 2019. Photo: AFP / HO / Iranian Army office

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The Raging Twenties started with a bang with the targeted assassination of Iran’s General Qasem Soleimani.

Yet a bigger bang awaits us throughout the decade: the myriad declinations of the New Great Game in Eurasia, which pits the US against Russia, China and Iran, the three major nodes of Eurasia integration.

Every game-changing act in geopolitics and geoeconomics in the coming decade will have to be analyzed in connection to this epic clash.

The Deep State and crucial sectors of the US ruling class are absolutely terrified that China is already outpacing the “indispensable nation” economically and that Russia has outpaced it militarily. The Pentagon officially designates the three Eurasian nodes as “threats.”

Hybrid War techniques – carrying inbuilt 24/7 demonization – will proliferate with the aim of containing China’s “threat,” Russian “aggression” and Iran’s “sponsorship of terrorism.” The myth of the “free market” will continue to drown under the imposition of a barrage of illegal sanctions, euphemistically defined as new trade “rules.”

Yet that will be hardly enough to derail the Russia-China strategic partnership. To unlock the deeper meaning of this partnership, we need to understand that Beijing defines it as rolling towards a “new era.” That implies strategic long-term planning – with the key date being 2049, the centennial of New China.

The horizon for the multiple projects of the Belt and Road Initiative – as in the China-driven New Silk Roads – is indeed the 2040s, when Beijing expects to have fully woven a new, multipolar paradigm of sovereign nations/partners across Eurasia and beyond, all connected by an interlocking maze of belts and roads.

The Russian project – Greater Eurasiasomewhat mirrors Belt & Road and will be integrated with it. Belt & Road, the Eurasia Economic Union, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank are all converging towards the same vision.

Realpolitik

So this “new era”, as defined by the Chinese, relies heavily on close Russia-China coordination, in every sector. Made in China 2025 is encompassing a series of techno/scientific breakthroughs. At the same time, Russia has established itself as an unparalleled technological resource for weapons and systems that the Chinese still cannot match.

At the latest BRICS summit in Brasilia, President Xi Jinping told Vladimir Putin that “the current international situation with rising instability and uncertainty urge China and Russia to establish closer strategic coordination.” Putin’s response: “Under the current situation, the two sides should continue to maintain close strategic communication.”

Russia is showing China how the West respects realpolitik power in any form, and Beijing is finally starting to use theirs. The result is that after five centuries of Western domination – which, incidentally, led to the decline of the Ancient Silk Roads – the Heartland is back, with a bang, asserting its preeminence.

On a personal note, my travels these past two years, from West Asia to Central Asia, and my conversations these past two months with analysts in Nur-Sultan, Moscow and Italy, have allowed me to get deeper into the intricacies of what sharp minds define as the Double Helix. We are all aware of the immense challenges ahead – while barely managing to track the stunning re-emergence of the Heartland in real-time.

In soft power terms, the sterling role of Russian diplomacy will become even more paramount – backed up by a Ministry of Defense led by Sergei Shoigu, a Tuvan from Siberia, and an intel arm that is capable of constructive dialogue with everybody: India/Pakistan, North/South Korea, Iran/Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan.

This apparatus does smooth (complex) geopolitical issues over in a manner that still eludes Beijing.

In parallel, virtually the whole Asia-Pacific – from the Eastern Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean – now takes into full consideration Russia-China as a counter-force to US naval and financial overreach.

Stakes in Southwest Asia

The targeted assassination of Soleimani, for all its long-term fallout, is just one move in the Southwest Asia chessboard. What’s ultimately at stake is a macro geoeconomic prize: a land bridge from the Persian Gulf to the Eastern Mediterranean.

Last summer, an Iran-Iraq-Syria trilateral established that “the goal of negotiations is to activate the Iranian-Iraqi-Syria load and transport corridor as part of a wider plan for reviving the Silk Road.”

There could not be a more strategic connectivity corridor, capable of simultaneously interlinking with the International North-South Transportation Corridor; the Iran-Central Asia-China connection all the way to the Pacific; and projecting Latakia towards the Mediterranean and the Atlantic.

What’s on the horizon is, in fact, a sub-sect of Belt & Road in Southwest Asia. Iran is a key node of Belt & Road; China will be heavily involved in the rebuilding of Syria; and Beijing-Baghdad signed multiple deals and set up an Iraqi-Chinese Reconstruction Fund (income from 300,000 barrels of oil a day in exchange for Chinese credit for Chinese companies rebuilding Iraqi infrastructure).

A quick look at the map reveals the “secret” of the US refusing to pack up and leave Iraq, as demanded by the Iraqi Parliament and Prime Minister: to prevent the emergence of this corridor by any means necessary. Especially when we see that all the roads that China is building across Central Asia – I navigated many of them in November and December – ultimately link China with Iran.

The final objective: to unite Shanghai to the Eastern Mediterranean – overland, across the Heartland.

As much as Gwadar port in the Arabian Sea is an essential node of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, and part of China’s multi-pronged “escape from Malacca” strategy, India also courted Iran to match Gwadar via the port of Chabahar in the Gulf of Oman.

So as much as Beijing wants to connect the Arabian Sea with Xinjiang, via the economic corridor, India wants to connect with Afghanistan and Central Asia via Iran.

Yet India’s investments in Chabahar may come to nothing, with New Delhi still mulling whether to become an active part of the US “Indo-Pacific” strategy, which would imply dropping Tehran.

The Russia-China-Iran joint naval exercise in late December, starting exactly from Chabahar, was a timely wake-up for New Delhi. India simply cannot afford to ignore Iran and end up losing its key connectivity node, Chabahar.

The immutable fact: everyone needs and wants Iran connectivity. For obvious reasons, since the Persian empire, this is the privileged hub for all Central Asian trade routes.

On top of it, Iran for China is a matter of national security. China is heavily invested in Iran’s energy industry. All bilateral trade will be settled in yuan or in a basket of currencies bypassing the US dollar.

ORDER IT NOW

US neocons, meanwhile, still dream of what the Cheney regime was aiming at in the past decade: regime change in Iran leading to the US dominating the Caspian Sea as a springboard to Central Asia, only one step away from Xinjiang and weaponization of anti-China sentiment. It could be seen as a New Silk Road in reverse to disrupt the Chinese vision.

Battle of the Ages

A new book, The Impact of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, by Jeremy Garlick of the University of Economics in Prague, carries the merit of admitting that, “making sense” of Belt & Road “is extremely difficult.”

This is an extremely serious attempt to theorize Belt & Road’s immense complexity – especially considering China’s flexible, syncretic approach to policymaking, quite bewildering for Westerners. To reach his goal, Garlick gets into Tang Shiping’s social evolution paradigm, delves into neo-Gramscian hegemony, and dissects the concept of “offensive mercantilism” – all that as part of an effort in “complex eclecticism.”

The contrast with the pedestrian Belt & Road demonization narrative emanating from US “analysts” is glaring. The book tackles in detail the multifaceted nature of Belt & Road’s trans-regionalism as an evolving, organic process.

Imperial policymakers won’t bother to understand how and why Belt & Road is setting a new global paradigm. The NATO summit in London last month offered a few pointers. NATO uncritically adopted three US priorities: even more aggressive policy towards Russia; containment of China (including military surveillance); and militarization of space – a spin-off from the 2002 Full Spectrum Dominance doctrine.

So NATO will be drawn into the “Indo-Pacific” strategy – which means containment of China. And as NATO is the EU’s weaponized arm, that implies the US interfering on how Europe does business with China – at every level.

Retired US Army Colonel Lawrence Wilkerson, Colin Powell’s chief of staff from 2001 to 2005, cuts to the chase: “America exists today to make war. How else do we interpret 19 straight years of war and no end in sight? It’s part of who we are. It’s part of what the American Empire is. We are going to lie, cheat and steal, as Pompeo is doing right now, as Trump is doing right now, as Esper is doing right now … and a host of other members of my political party, the Republicans, are doing right now. We are going to lie, cheat and steal to do whatever it is we have to do to continue this war complex. That’s the truth of it. And that’s the agony of it.”

Moscow, Beijing and Tehran are fully aware of the stakes. Diplomats and analysts are working on the trend, for the trio, to evolve a concerted effort to protect one another from all forms of hybrid war – sanctions included – launched against each of them.

For the US, this is indeed an existential battle – against the whole Eurasia integration process, the New Silk Roads, the Russia-China strategic partnership, those Russian hypersonic weapons mixed with supple diplomacy, the profound disgust and revolt against US policies all across the Global South, the nearly inevitable collapse of the US dollar. What’s certain is that the Empire won’t go quietly into the night. We should all be ready for the battle of the ages.

(Republished from Asia Times by permission of author or representative)
 
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  1. Anonymous[144] • Disclaimer says:

    Southwest Asia will whither away into irrelevancy, as the demand for oil falls due to the end of the first world lifestyle.

    No need to have a battle over southwest asia. It will be like Latin America, a non participant in world affairs with no genetic and cultural ability to assert an identity and power on the world stage.

    50 years from now the world will look on U.S intervention in Southwest asia the same way we look on the british intervention in the Falklands/Malvinas – an embarrassing action of a declining empire in a irrelevant part of the world.

    As a Latin American I am required to state that Brazil has a domestic aerospace industry, something the Arabs/Persians/Berbers have never achieved.

    • Replies: @mutthead
    , @WHAT
  2. mutthead says:
    @Anonymous

    Like all Americans, north central or south, your horizon of historical awareness maxes out at 100 years. Classicists, on the other hand, know that East and West alternate world hegemony on roughly 750-year cycles. The West is at the end of its latest cycle; the East is rising rapidly. Persia has been the heart of 4 very large and advanced Eastern sub-empires in its glorious history–larger and more significant than, say, India. Persians are core high-intelligence Indo-Europeans. That hasn’t gone away–like China, it has slumbered during the last 750-year hegemony shift. They will–are–rising again in sync with the Chinese and other Asians. “America” broadly has always been a backwater, and it is returning to there quickly after a brief span of the US functioning as the UK’s hegemony-muscle to prolong its, and Europe’s, fast-fading hegemony a little longer. The West is over–all of it, north and south. That is obvious in culture, mixed migration and debt. Persia is just beginning to recover its former glory, along with the rest of the heartland East, aided by the very technically intelligent Russian civilization’s pivot East, which will ensure the return of the glory of the Russian empire as well.

    • Replies: @James N. Kennett
  3. bluedog says:

    Hmm and also elected a fascist government, not sure what part a domestic aerospace industry will play in that,time will tell I presume as all of South America seems to be unhinged and if they don’t change their ways they are on fast track to become those shit hole countries the orange blob is always talking about.!!!

    • Replies: @Curmudgeon
  4. d dan says:

    Anyone who has a bit of objectivity will have to admire Chinese ability to build difficult and gigantic infrastructure project.

    Starting with the Great Wall, began over 2 thousands years ago, it is still the longest and biggest man-made structure. It helped Chinese dynasties to defend against invasion for centuries. Then there is the Grand Canal, the longest and oddest canal, more than 7 times longer than Panama and Suez Canals combined. Further, it was built in a much shorter period of time over 1000 years ago before the invention of modern machinery. The list of course, goes on…

    And don’t forget that even US has to enlisted Chinese workers to help to complete its trans-continental railway. It probably wouldn’t be completed without their helps.

    Fast forward to the modern world. Today, 7 (or 8?) of the longest bridges in the world are in China, together with the longest tunnels, biggest airports, tallest buildings, biggest dams, largest networks of high speed rails, electric networks, 4G/5G towers,…. etc.

  5. Anon[112] • Disclaimer says:

    The expansion and global influence of China must be proof that this idea that “Western Man” is uniquely “Faustian” in nature is hogwash. Clearly China is having its Faustian moment. They are going to make half the world a great deal more Chinese.

    Expansion seems to be a natural thing for humans who have great confidence. If you and your people are so great, surely the world needs your influence? And, what is a powerful and capable nation to do with itself, other than to prove its greatness through winning competitions, status, and fame in the wider world?

    It is just what people do when they are feeling frisky.

    China is feeling very good right now, as Derbyshire always notes. They have a huge list of reasons that their rival, the USA, is evil, and that they are good. Their will-to-power is through the roof; they have a culture of unrestrained ambition, and they have the psychological type to make good of it.

    Whites are basically screwed. We cannot compete in any field of life with the other races in the world right now, and we don’t even have ideologies and philosophies in place that would make us want to. We are destined to be swept up in the rising tide of color – culturally and biologically.

    • Agree: Marshall Lentini
    • Replies: @d dan
  6. @bluedog

    Hmm and also elected a fascist government

    Not even close. Do your homework, fascists actually improved the lives of working people through higher employment standards and enforcement of those standards.
    There was a reason Ezra Pound was declared insane and locked up. He was prepared to counter the mighty Wurlitzer with facts.

  7. d dan says:
    @Anon

    “Expansion seems to be a natural thing for humans who have great confidence. If you and your people are so great, surely the world needs your influence? And, what is a powerful and capable nation to do with itself, other than to prove its greatness through winning competitions, status, and fame in the wider world?

    …. Their will-to-power is through the roof; they have a culture of unrestrained ambition, and they have the psychological type to make good of it.”

    China’s so called “expansion”, “influence”, “ambition”, … are through economic development, business activities, trading, infrastructure building, cultural exchange, instead of conquest, colonization, sanction, bombing, assassination, color revolution, etc.

    You are projecting a lot of your western mentality and behaviors onto Chinese minds.

    • Replies: @Anon
  8. The integration of Eurasian trade is unstoppable. The network will include the EU as its western node. The network does not pose an additional military threat to the USA; and while it will bring forward the time when the Chinese economy surpasses America’s, that change is inevitable at some point in the next 20 years.

    This does not mean that neighboring countries will become political satellites of China or Russia, still less imperial provinces. Their recent history gives many of these countries good reasons not to trust these two giants more than the USA.

    It is possible that we can all just get along.

    • Replies: @Just passing through
  9. @mutthead

    Classicists, on the other hand, know that East and West alternate world hegemony on roughly 750-year cycles.

    Before the Industrial Revolution, Europe had never matched the economic power of China or India; and no empire or region had world hegemony, because transportation was too difficult.

    250 years ago the Industrial Revolution made Europe and its offshoots the first hegemon of the entire world; but now China will catch up, followed by India and the rest of Asia. America’s period as the sole superpower, having “full spectrum dominance”, will last less than 50 years.

    Ideas of imperial glory are old-fashioned, not least because modern warfare between developed countries is so destructive. If countries that are currently slumbering can recover their cultural and economic brilliance, that is sufficient.

    • Replies: @kevhin
  10. Anon[112] • Disclaimer says:
    @d dan

    Notice that I said nothing of political conquest. I am talking about reality: genes, ecology, etc., not politics.

    Neither are white countries currently engaging in conquest and colonization in the 21st century. Whites are not hardly emigrating, either.

    China pressures foreign countries to open borders (see France for a recent example), and then people of Chinese-descent mass migrate into whichever of these countries, and once there, will aggressively pursue the positions at the top of their societies. The Chinese culture will get exported, land mass owned by Chinese people will increase in volume, and Chinese people will own/dominate non-Chinese people. Same end-game, nicer procedure. I don’t buy for a second that Chinese people don’t know what they are doing.

    The Chinese people and Chinese genetic material will radiate out; it already is, as Chinese people are a diaspora people. Chinese people simply do it in an ethical way.

    It is an effective, ethical, 21st-century way of winning the world. It is very smart. Maybe whites need to also engage in these peaceful, informal gene-wars and finance-wars to expand our genetic legacy, and not get swamped by other strains of homo sapiens.

    I’d prefer that people just take care of their own business, though.

    I am not sure that white Western countries are trying to win or expand, given that we have such high immigration and low emigration, and that we do not conquer anymore. The land mass that is owned by whites is shrinking.

  11. barr says:

    https://www.globalresearch.ca/did-trump-just-give-middle-east-china-russia/5700660

    Was this the reason for protest and sniper firings and escalation of protests across Lebanon and Iraq ?

  12. KA says:

    I believe that peace will return to ME once the American power retreats
    This will happen once China forces America face its fate economically. America will be economically dependent or China . This will force America listen to Chinese concerns and aspirations and demands .
    China doesn’t love Arab or hate Israel
    China loves itself China will not allow its polices to be dictated by bribery or be fooled by Trojan Horse of Zionism .
    Once Israel loses this power of manipulating a superpower , it will be reduced to the little kingdom of Norther Judea .

    I also thinks Chinese rise will force India and Pakistan behave Just like British forced peaceful existences among the warring kings , Nababs , and religions

    • Replies: @Just passing through
  13. d dan says:
    @Anon

    “Neither are white countries currently engaging in conquest and colonization in the 21st century.”

    LOL. When Iraqi government voted to ask US troop to leave, Trump’s response is the middle finger. That is called conquest. When Okinawa residents overwhelming wanted US base to be relocated, Abe’s response is to bow down to US. That is called colonization.

    You may want to call these with other names, but at least that is how many non-white people in the world call them.

    • Replies: @Anon
  14. WHAT says:
    @Anonymous

    >domestic

    Lol. With the amount of engineering Brazil has to import on that front, calling it domestic is charitable at best. Brazil will never be allowed to make an engine, and therefore will forever be a bit player.

    Contrast that with Persians making a full range of conventional missiles with indigenous engines.

  15. @Anon

    You wouldn’t class invasion of Middle East countries and their subsequent occupation as “conquest and colonisation”?

    It is indeed quite possible there is a battle for the Third World going on between the West and China. The West seems to have lost all of its goodwill and China are luring them in with infrastructure projects and development.

    This benevolent strategy is better for long term goals. Chinese have a long and glorious history and many Chinese regard the Western colonialist period to be an aberration in world history, in which China lost its place but has since made huge strides in regaining it.

    • Replies: @peterike
  16. @James N. Kennett

    According to UN projections, for the first time in history human population will start to naturally decline (no famines, wars etc) around 2100. It is quite possible that we will enter a period of relative peace after this and we will get along as you say.

    But the period between now and then is crucial, is it possible Africa’s population growth and subsequent migrations could be significantly reduced by Chinese development of Africa? I certainly hope so and this will be good for Europe as well.

  17. @KA

    I also thinks Chinese rise will force India and Pakistan behave Just like British forced peaceful existences among the warring kings , Nababs , and religions

    China is currently propping up Pakistan through the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. It seems to be they are using Pakistan as a thorn in India’s side. But then again, perhaps economic prosperity in Pakistan will result in Islamism waning and less friction between India and Pakistan.

    • Replies: @KA
  18. Anonymous[259] • Disclaimer says:

    I get the impression that the idea of a Eurasian Union led by Russia is very popular with Russians. I would argue that many ethnic Russians think of themselves as more Eurasian than European in both an ethnic and cultural sense.

  19. @Anon

    Neither are white countries currently engaging in conquest and colonization in the 21st century. Whites are not hardly emigrating, either

    Depends on how you look at it. More white people live abroad as a share of population and in absolute numbers, than ever before.

    Also, your paranoia about the Chinese is retarded. All “owning land” means in the modern world is that you are paying lots of property taxes for something that can lose half of its value in a matter of a couple of years. Chinese morale is lower today than at any point in recent history.

  20. @Anon

    You wouldn’t class invasion of Middle East countries and their subsequent occupation as “conquest and colonisation”?

    I’d call it Pyrrhic victory, and certainly not colonization.

  21. KA says:
    @Just passing through

    Friction between India and Pakistan lies mostly at the foot of Mother India itching for war and into the heart of Hinduvataa , an ISIS type concept looking for re-enactments of 5bc practices .

  22. peterike says:
    @Just passing through

    You wouldn’t class invasion of Middle East countries and their subsequent occupation as “conquest and colonisation”?

    How many Americans are moving permanently to the Middle East? How many are staying and raising families, starting businesses? Practically none. But that’s what colonization IS. Compare to America. How many Chinese are moving there permanently, raising families, starting businesses? Millions and millions of them.

    Their fatal flaw, however, is they are 100% open to race mixing.

    • Replies: @Anon
  23. Anon[391] • Disclaimer says:
    @d dan

    Conquest means assimilation into a political state, and colonization means political control. I don’t think either of these apply to the ME, otherwise there would be stability. The USA is trying to allow autonomy, obviously, and it is not going well.

    For most ppl, colonization involves mass movements of people, too, which certainly isn’t happening.

    Having a military base is nothing of the sort. I don’t like it, but the point of this is not to control Japan, but to establish military presence for potential future conflicts (I.e. WWIII)

    A lot of anti-USA sentiment over foreign policy needs to settle down. The US intervenes to stop Holocausts. We did it in WWII, we did it in Vietnam where mass murders were being threatened and carried out, and we do it in the Middle East when these countries chimp out on other sects of Muslims or on Israel.

    There is not much thanks for this, and maybe the US does fail to help, and people do not understand it, but the crazy world might theoretically benefit from a policeman, or a “Dark Knight.”

    Despite it, I can’t handle the hatred and suspicion I have to take because of it.

    • Replies: @d dan
    , @showmethereal
  24. Anon[391] • Disclaimer says:
    @peterike

    Their fatal flaw, however, is they are 100% open to race mixing.

    This is a funny point. In my experience, as someone who was a token white friend of Chinese and Koreans in college, the Chinese immigrants themselves were usually not interested in race-mixing (except the Christian ones) and they tried hard to pass down a Chinese culture and identity to their kids through Chinese clubs, Chinese school, etc.

    However, the kids usually rejected it. Same with Indians, to an even greater degree. Indian parents specifically tell their kids to only date, and certainly to only marry, Indians. The kids rebel.

    I heard an Indian girl on the train talk about this, and her exclamation was “it’s just too hard.”

    Indeed, it is a chore to maintain a subculture (and insanity-inducing to watch others from your ppl marry-out), and so people, over time, try to take the easier road of assimilation.

  25. A123 says:

    There is no need for any “Battle if Ages”. The New Silk Road scam is collapsing under its own weight.

    Where is China going to get the money to find Eurasian integration? (1)

    Chinese banks on their own volition may be reluctant to get involved when already having troubles of their own. Andrew Collier, managing director at Orient Capital Research, says

    “The banks [may] remain leery of these projects because they doubt they will be profitable and they will be stuck with bad loan. In the end, we are going to see increasing defaults among smaller institutions, the collapse of private loans via wealth management products, and growing layoffs in areas of the country with less political power.”

    Making matter worse, a study conducted by the Center for Global Development estimates that the initiative could increase debt sustainability-related banking problems in eight countries also involved in the BRI.

    Financial reality is going to shift China’s strategy to economically productive investments in Russia and Africa.

    PEACE 😇
    _______

    (1) https://www.unz.com/article/chinas-growing-economic-miraclecollapse/

  26. Pepe Escobar is prophetic, predicting “the New Great Game in Eurasia, which pits the US against Russia, China and Iran.” His warning to be “ready for the battle of the ages” is in sync with the pattern of history.
    https://www.ghostsofhistory.wordpress.com/

  27. Walt says:

    Russia= U.S. militarily China = U.S. economically Russia +China > U.S.
    Russia + U.S. >>>> the whole world.

  28. sarz says:

    Diplomats and analysts are working on the trend, for the trio, to evolve a concerted effort to protect one another from all forms of hybrid war – sanctions included – launched against each of them.

    It’s hard to understand why a workable alternative trade settlement system is not in place—one that avoids the paradox that hosting the reserve currency guts that country’s middle class. A blockchain-based system of freely tradeable gold depository receipts seems an obvious choice. So why is a test not in the works?

  29. d dan says:
    @Anon

    “The US intervenes to stop Holocausts. We did it in WWII, we did it in Vietnam where mass murders were being threatened and carried out, and we do it in the Middle East when these countries chimp out on other sects of Muslims or on Israel.”

    I really feel sorry for you – a person who supposedly living in a “free” world with “free” media and yet you are so brainwashed. You really think that US involvements in WW2 is to stop the Holocausts? You really believe US involvement in Vietnam is to prevent mass murders? You really think US involvements in Middle East is to help Muslims? (OK, I agree with the part about helping Israel).

    Further, you think that US military bases in Japan are just military bases and “nothing of the sort”? They are not used to exert political power over Japanese government? They are not used to extort money from Japan (and Korea, and NATO)? They are used PURELY for the defense of the host country?

    Please do yourself a favor and read the following article about the latest US behavior in Iraq (and many more you can find here in UNZ or elsewhere). I agree with you that it should not be called conquest or colonization. It is worse: they are blackmail, gangsters and thuggish behaviors.

    https://www.unz.com/wwebb/how-a-hidden-parliamentary-session-revealed-trumps-true-motives-in-iraq/

    • Agree: bluedog
    • Replies: @Anon
  30. Anon[112] • Disclaimer says:
    @d dan

    I have heard this theory of the “petrodollar” before. There are many conspiracies. The counterargument is that oil is only a small (tiny) percentage of the US economy.

    Whitney Webb writes for a website that has shamefully claimed that 40% of US Citizens fear that the US government is trying to turn the US into a Muslim country. The link supporting this claim was from Britain, and about Britain. So I don’t put too much stock in her. She’s also a libertarian, which is a sign of middling IQ.

    It is not so much that the US doesn’t have interests, it’s just that so many – even the majority – of the foreign policy advisers and neoconservatives are Jewish (e.g. Henry Kissinger) who are hyper-moral, liberal, humanitarian, etc. I don’t think these Jews are really greedy/evil people, I think they are actually hardcore about creating peace in the world, to the extent they believe in being the “Dark Knight.” Speaking of the Dark Knight, the rumor is that Nolan himself actually is a neoconservative, and that these movies are metaphors for the US’s operations in the Middle East (https://www.nationalreview.com/corner/just-what-are-politics-christopher-nolans-new-film-interstellar-james-pethokoukis/;

    https://pjmedia.com/lifestyle/2014/11/7/5-conservative-themes-hidden-in-interstellar/).

    The US wants oil because it has spent many billions (maybe even trillions, Trump might be right!) of dollars in rebuilding the entire region, and many workers have been killed, and it has gone grossly under-compensated for a decade, which is getting incredibly unjust. We have just been sinking into debt as the Iraqis milk us, while simultaneously attacking us and hating us. It is insane, stupid, and pointless..

    If the US is going to save Israel and religious minorities in the ME, we deserve to get at least something out of it. This country helps, but it can’t do this for free! That would just not work.

    If you look into these links, you will see that the plans go back to 2003 and that the US planned to build the infrastructure to a state superior to 1970’s Iraq.

    See
    https://www.sigar.mil/quarterlyreports/,
    https://www.usaid.gov/iraq, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special_Inspector_General_for_Iraq_Reconstruction,
    etc.

    The US has thrown tons of effort into building this area. But thousands of workers get slaughtered by Iraqi and Afgani terrorist idiots, because they see the US as “The Great Satan” partially for allying with Israel, which is also the Great Satan. Israel is the Great Satan for Zionism and sometimes for eschatological reasons (some Muslim eschatology involves Jesus(!) coming back to basically strike down the Jewish World Ruler), and they see the US as the Great Satan for the sex stuff and the secularism.

    The continued US military presence is mostly to protect these workers and keep peace in this terrorism-rich region, not to wage war. There are no battles, and few US casualties these days.
    The silly bloggers who say that the US is still at “war” with Afghanistan or Iraq should never be trusted.

    The US has failed to rebuild for a few reasons, which you can read on the related Wiki. To summarize:
    1.Muslim zealots oppose the US and Israel for being the great satan, which cannot be helped
    2. corruption in the foreign policy establishment, which has slowed trust in these initiative from investors. The most devastating case is of the Jews Robert Stein and Philip Bloom (https://web.archive.org/web/20110717015626/http://www.sigir.mil/files/testimony/SIGIR_Testimony_06-003T.pdf).
    3. Internal opposition in Western countries to our own operations in the ME, which has caused the pulling of troops out of the region, which makes construction contractors refuse to try to begin projects in the region for security reasons (it is a “vicious cycle”)

    I don’t think much can be inferred from Trump’s statements and alleged statements. At the end of the day, Trump, Obama, Bush, evangelical Christian loyalist military servants, or any other normal American have any agenda for the Middle East. When a blogger puts weight on Trump’s supposed “agenda,” we know they are stupid. He is following orders.

    ——————————————————————————————————–

    I do believe that the US entered WWII due to concerns over the plight of Jewish people, and there is great evidence of Jewish involvement in pushing the US into that war for precisely that reason. Ironically, the US’s entrance in that war might have ticked Hitler over the edge and made him pursue his “final solution.” There is a Hitler quote to the effect of “If the Jews push the world into another world war, there will be hell to pay.”

    The same is true, I believe, in Vietnam and the rest of SE Asia, where communist leaders were leading and/or planning to lead genocidal campaigns against minorities and dissidents. You can read about the Kmer Rouge here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khmer_Rouge

    I do not argue that US bases in foreign countries (generally) exist to protect those countries; it is more like they exist to give the US a military presence if SHTF. But I don’t think they really do much. Military people always complain that they sit around and do nothing all day, and it’s true!
    These bases really are just a waste of US resources; they accomplish nothing. In the past, they were there to pressure “de-radicalization” of the Germans and Japanese, and to protect those countries while their own military was neutered by the Allied forces post-WWII, but in the 21st century they are useless.

    • Replies: @showmethereal
    , @bluedog
  31. kevhin says:
    @James N. Kennett

    false
    europe in the clasical era (500bc-500ac) era was richer than china and india and only 500 years after the fall of the western roman empire(1000bc ) was nearly at the level of china ,by 1500bc was already 50% richer .

    View post on imgur.com

    from the Angus Maddison work a world leading British economist specialiced in quantitative macro economic history.

    a little example in the clasical era romans manufactured 85 ton of iron han dinasty 5 tons,15tons of cooper while hans 0,3 ton….
    literacy rate over 15% in italy while in china was under 1%
    …..
    all the elements necesary to make the industrial revolution where already there only some social extructures like slavery imposibilitated it

  32. @Anon

    The US did NOT join WW2 to stop a Holocaust. That is absolutely false. In fact the US refused fleeing Jews entry. The US joined WW2 because of the Japanese attempted conquest of China. Prior to FDR – other US Presidents hoped Japan would westernize Asia. The Soong clan got the ear of FDR and convinced him to stop selling Japan materials for their war machine. That’s why Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. Germans had been sinking US commercial ships and that couldn’t even draw the US into the war – let alone “stopping the Holocaust”.
    As to the situation in the middle east. Trump PUBLICLY told the Saudi regime point black – they wouldn’t last long without US backing them. What did he mean? Do what we say or we withdraw support and you are overthrown. That is control.

  33. @Anon

    The petro dollar is no “conspiracy”. Saudis and their proxies guarantee all payments in oil traded are in US currency. That is what makes the dollar the reserve currency. That’s not a conspiracy but fact. You can pretend that “regime change” attempts don’t happen when oil producers buck the system (Saddam – Quadaffi- Iran (Shah) Hugo Chavez/Maduro)… But as a see you believe the false “good guy” role the US played in the Vietnam War and the Middle East and entering WW2 to prevent the Holocaust (does our school system really brainwash kids that well????) – so I’m not surprised.

    • Replies: @Anon
  34. bluedog says:
    @Anon

    You can’t really believe the garbage you post that everything we did in the world was for the benefit of those millions we killed,Pol Pot (Kmer Rouge) would’nt have come to power if we had stayed out of Nam,there would have been no slaughter in Nam which you claim we prevented as the reason we went into Nam, what they we were afraid when the vote came up that the north would win and re-unite Vietnam,and of course the lol terrorism scam in the mid-east was created by the U.S. as a prelude to invade the region,first we backed Saddam and then we attacked him,destroyed Iraq Syria and Libya and then wonder why they hate us,yours I’m afraid is little more than the neocons dream of world domination which every American should fight against except they are bombared with 24/7/365 propaganda and of course Trump is their poster boy.!!

    • Replies: @Anon
    , @showmethereal
  35. Anon[688] • Disclaimer says:
    @showmethereal

    For much of the world, the Euro is the reserve currency, and the USA has no problem with that. The US seems to have done nothing to prevent this from happening. If we are so darned fixated of forcing our currency to be the reserve currency, why?

    Reserve currencies are extremely beneficial for the world, as they are stable and highly available. Do you really want to go to previous times when so many entire countries’s economies crash overnight because their currencies crash? Reserve currencies help this a great deal. For one thing, developing countries can peg their currency to stable currencies, such as the USD or EUR, which takes pressure off of their own central banks to run the highly complex policies that the US and the EU run to keep monetary stability. This has greatly helped many African and Latin American nations that cannot quite manage their economy at first-world standards, even though their own dumb citizens often do not believe it or understand it. Also, trade becomes far easier when you have easy access to a stable currency to trade in, as you don’t have to worry about losing “money” if the currencies that you made the trade in change value. When such currency risk exists, traders then either blow money on hedging or refuse to partake because it is not profitable when heding is taken into account. With a reserve currency, then, trading volume goes up, economic stability and growth around the world goes up as a result.

    It is good for everybody. Reserve currencies are humanitarian policies.

    The goal of these conspiracies should be to claim that the US is benefiting massively and disproportionately from being the reserve currency, which I do not see much evidence for. The US does not get money from Forex trades. The US gets money when other countries buy treasuries, but pays back with interest, which is the primary reason that other countries buy our treasuries (they are the obvious risk-free investment), so this is a non-issue.

    One reason that foreign countries hold US cash, and that USD are so prevalent in the global financial system, is that the world sold gold/commodities to the US many decades ago in USD on purpose to move from the gold standard. Now the dollar is in the global trading system, and they are just getting passed around. There is not tons of financial loss and gain here on either side, at least not that I know of.

    But the conspiracist bloggers who claim this do not have nearly the economic expertise to make the argument, so they can only speculate. They seem to conflate the purchase of US treasuries with all foreign exchange, which is stupid.

    One could argue that the US has nefarious interest in keeping these ME countries from closing their markets and economic borders. That might have some promise.

    • Replies: @showmethereal
    , @d dan
  36. Anon[688] • Disclaimer says:
    @bluedog

    Maybe Pol Pot would not have come to power if the US did not intervene, maybe he would have come to power even earlier. Who knows? But the pertinent point is whether the US understood its role as that of a humanitarian country that was attempting to save the endangered minorities in SE Asia who were being targeted by paranoid and racist communist political parties.

    The neocons do not want world domination, otherwise we would be expanding our borders, which we aren’t. If we support conquest, the first candidate should be our region. We should start with Mexico. One-fifth of their population is in the US, anyways.

    It is fine to change a stance on a dictatorial regime such as Saddam’s, as any regime can and will evolve through time.

    I admit that I do not know too much about the measures in Syria and Libya, although it seems they were related to these countries’ threats to Israel.

  37. @bluedog

    Pol Pot was even clandestinely supported by the US because it was a way to get back at Vietnam

  38. @Anon

    I’m sorry but that is scary that you are so blinded. The Euro is NOT EVEN CLOSE to the US dollar in terms of global usage. The British pound was – and was then replaced by the dollar. The US went off the gold standard… Now it is the “oil standard”. Anyone can look up any international registry that measures holdings and usage of currency. There is no “conspiracy theory” in that… I can’t even respond to the rest until you can get that into your system

  39. Sir Halford Mackinder’s “Heartland” strategy didn’t work militarily; why would it work economically? Sea lanes are far more economical and efficient than overland routes, if harder to defend.

    Russia and China are in demographic free-fall, with Iran close behind. China “grew old before she grew rich”. Good luck with that. India looks better, but is nowhere near the Silk Road.

    What better symbol of the latter than the Chinese-Afghan border? It’s a three-and-a-half-hour time zone jump, but no one cares. Only local peasants can cross, and they go by the sun.

    China’s initiatives in Africa are also open to question. The Addis Ababa-Djibouti may be great news for the countries it serves, but Chinese investors took a bath on it. Perhaps it was just a sweetener to gain access to Africa’s (nonhuman) resources.

  40. d dan says:
    @Anon

    It is surreal to read your unabashed apologies of the many US criminal and thuggish behaviors and misdeeds worldwide.

    Besides the claims of outlandish justifications for all the US invasions, interference, wars in foreign land, you also believe that reserve currency does not confer benefits to US. It is done for “humanitarian” reason?

    Sorry to tell you that. You are extremely naive, brainwashed and ignorant.

  41. Iran is a key node of Belt & Road; China will be heavily involved in the rebuilding of Syria; and Beijing-Baghdad signed multiple deals and set up an Iraqi-Chinese Reconstruction Fund (income from 300,000 barrels of oil a day in exchange for Chinese credit for Chinese companies rebuilding Iraqi infrastructure).

    Iran won’t be a key node. Six corridors moving across Eurasia is the image of the Belt and Road heartland. Don’t get too caught up in the image. Analyze the details. While cross-border connectivity is the uppermost goal of Belt and Road, the reality is the initiative is a large patchwork of thousands of projects, many of which have nothing to do with transportation.

    Connectivity across Turkey, Arab countries, Iran, Caucus and Caspian is not a high priority for the Belt and Road. The countries bordering China especially Pakistan and Africa especially eastern Africa (inexplicably) are the high priorities. However, it does look like Iraq and China have something interesting they are negotiating and Washington is trying hard to stop it (threatening phone call between Trump and Iraqi PM disclosed to Iraqi parliament)

    Since May 2019 (2nd Belt and Road summit) the BRI has become a global initiative encompassing the entire developing world. It started out in the 2015 white paper vision as only involving 3 continents (Eurasia + East Africa). I believe this is a terrible decision that will lead to a lack of focus, dilution of the Belt and Road across too many places, and ultimately lack of meaningful impact.

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