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This is not about baseball, but about blogging, but times are hard for some columnists, so I needed to get your attention.

Steve Sailer has put up his March statistics (More records for iSteve, April 3) showing that last month his posts generated 19,707 comments containing a total of 1,485,295 words. By any standards, this is a considerable achievement. It raises the question as to how he managed to write an extraordinary 159 posts in March. Very many people read them and were motivated to comment. First, some very minor analysis. On average (probably a skewed distribution, as inspection of the actual comments will reveal) comments were 75 words long, which is not verbose. On a per post basis, an iSteve post generates 124 comments.

By university standards, he is an entire department. Ability and application have combined fruitfully. He generates a slipstream in which other scribblers can catch a favourable breeze which tows them along, present company not excepted.

Universities are fond of statistics, while pretending to ignore them. The Science Citation Index is an important metric of productivity, but has been surpassed by the more complicated but supposedly more comprehensive Hirsch index, that measures both the productivity and citation impact of an academic. Whatever the precise formula calculated, staff are rated by publications: their number (4 a year is a ballpark figure); the impact factor of the journals in which the publication appeared; the impact factor being derived from how much they are read; the amount they are read being derived from how long they were established and how many hopeful papers they receive and reject; and then in addition to publications, the amount of grant money the scholar has brought in, multiplied a little by the difficulty of getting money out of a particularly prestigious government body, and sometimes divided by the number of people who obtained the grant.

I have simplified somewhat, but I am told the real metric is simpler: how much money. If you have raised less than a million you have not understood how the system works. Against all that, blogging is a harmless activity. On the other hand, perhaps the assessment of bloggers is as merciless: until a blogger gets over a million comment words a month, he is a mere scribbler.

To put Steve Sailer’s stellar output into context, as a new columnist, last month I was proud to get 801 comments containing a total of 107,417 words. So, Steve has generated 25 times more comments and 14 times more comment words. Even allowing for the lower productivity expected of columnists, and reasonable period for apprenticeship, the rest of these remarks are a mere postscript to this glaring disparity. However, even as I seek to emulate his achievements, I am not without guile. From a very weak position, similar to most marginal university departments, I can assemble some statistics to avoid being relegated to well-deserved obscurity.

Steve: 159 posts; 19,707 comments; 1,485,295 comment words; 9,341 per post
James: 6 posts ; 801 comments ; 107,417 comment words ; 17,902 per post

Could you please comment on this post? You may develop your arguments at length.

• Category: Science 
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  1. You may develop your arguments at length.

    Well, you sort of answer your question! perhaps, I suspect, not even entirely inadvertently!! 😉

    You and Steve are in different weight categories. Your articles are longer, they have more far more original content, and the average quality of your comments are higher. Most of Steve’s blog posts are short, or are composed of his commentary on existing articles, and the comments he attracts are predictably less interesting (though perhaps funnier).

    This is not a criticism. I don’t think any of these points are even controversial. Steve just specializes in short-form blogging here. If you truly want to compare the comparable, I would suggest doing that with Steve’s weekly column at Takimag instead.

  2. Agree that blogging-short and essaying-long are different forms, but wonder if the short form isn’t better, in that it reaches more people.

    • Replies: @iffen
    , @JackOH
    , @jacques sheete
  3. Steve has been blogging for a long time. During his early years in somewhat obscurity perhaps, but building up a core following. The internet tends to give the impression everything happens very quickly but reputations are still mostly built up over lifetimes or even generations. Compare your numbers against his after he had only been blogging for three or four years. (Apologies for the brevity. It’s an already existing habit made even worse by Twitter.)

  4. iffen says:
    @James Thompson

    it reaches more people

    I am skeptical of the idea that “reaching more people” will solve many of our problems.

    • Agree: RaceRealist88
  5. JackOH says:
    @James Thompson

    I’ve suggested to a few junior faculty at my local state university that they contribute to a scholarly blog that they’d have to found on their own. Call it “Podunk Academy”, keep it scholarly but accessible to a reasonably educated public, and keep the posts at about 250-500 words. Respond to substantive critics, and make sure you can use your own blog posts elsewhere without burdensome copyright problems.

    Some of the faculty had complained that teaching demands and lack of secretarial and grad student support kept them from writing and publishing. That’s when I suggested “Podunk Academy” as a work-around. There are a few senior faculty who’ve done short-form local writing regularly, and they do enjoy a popular following.

    I’d probably like to see Steve somehow better distinguish his own writing from “re-post and comment” pieces that copy or link to an article on which Steve then offers a quick comment. Minor quibble.

  6. so Steve is the Babe Ruth of blogging?

    • Replies: @egregious philbin
  7. res says:

    What strikes me most about those stats is that your per post numbers are very close. You are generating about the same number of comments and almost twice the comment words per post as Steve.

    I am amazed by how prolific Steve is here while still managing to make weekly long form original posts at Taki’s. As Anatoly said, Steve’s Taki output is much more comparable to your posts.

    I think your blog provides a nice link between the voluminous and technical research literature and the non-specialist. Much of that comes from your insightful and selective summarization. I think doing that at high quality is inherently long form and low volume. I’m a little disappointed that other IQ researchers seem to be keeping a lower profile here since you moved to though.

  8. iffen says:

    I’m a little disappointed that other IQ researchers seem to be keeping a lower profile here since you moved to though.

    I am quite sure that the nature of some of the other material at Unz and their attendant comment streams have nothing to do with this.

  9. Steve’s style of frequent, short posts has a number of advantages: (1) People can read quickly and respond quickly, resulting in a give-and-take rhythm that engages readers. (2) There’s something new, several times a day; if a follower didn’t like the last one, he can just check back in a few hours. (3) Steve has a few themes that he cycles through regularly, and he usually makes clear quite quickly the theme that a post relates to and how it relates to that theme. Readers have learned that they can rely on him for doses of a particular kind of medicine.

    Of course, Steve is not an academic, and he’s not trying to do complete justice to the research he comments on.

  10. It gives me great — even munificent — pleasure to comment on your post. I have been a follower of yours for several years, though I must say that I preferred your stand-alone blog to your stall at the Unz Review, some of whose columnists verge on hysterical conspiracy theorists. Scratch that. Some of them are hysterical conspiracy theorists. I don’t know how much longer I can make this comment, inasmuch as I prefer terseness to verbosity. But I will keep going for another sentence or two, just to get your word count up. Did I say that I preferred your stand-alone blog to your stall at Unz Review? Did I say something disparaging about some of your fellow columnists? I see that I did, but for the sake of propriety and my own safety, I shan’t name names. But I will say that you are a beacon of sanity. -30-

    • Replies: @Ron Unz
    , @FKA Max
  11. @Anatoly Karlin

    Whoops. I hit “Agree.” How dare I fail to comment on a post that asks for more comments. Sorry. But now I’ve commented so we’re good, right?

    Anyway, I agree with Anatoly’s comment. You and Steve generally have different types of articles. Steve can push out a lot more posts that you with similar amounts of effort, though he does produce a surprising amount of longer articles with data.

    One attribute that you, Steve and the Derb share is humor. Besides disagreeing with most MSM columnists, I more importantly find them painfully dull. They truly have become the schoolmarms of our time. True believers aren’t known for their playfulness. For those few columnists that do know the truth, I suspect that defending the party line drains the joy from their writing.

    Regardless, I enjoy your writing and wish you well.

  12. FKA Max says:

    “Go Big/Hard Or Go Home[less]”

    Last Blogger Standing

    I didn’t see any mention of performance-enhancing drugs in Sullivan’s article. Way back in 2000, Sullivan was extremely frank in a long New York Times Magazine article, “The ‘He’ Hormone,” about how he had revitalized his career by getting a prescription for testosterone injections.

    Anyway, Sullivan’s an interesting depiction of how the blogging life wears you down.

    “working hard to put food on your family.”

    Americans Work 25% More Than Europeans, Study Finds

    Generous pensions in Europe are also a strong factor in discouraging older people from working, the study said. In the U.S., more people over 65 are working than at any point in the past 50 years. The U.S.’s shift from traditional pensions to 401(k) plans makes it harder for Americans to know when it’s safe to retire.

    One thing is clear. The difference in hours worked between Americans and Europeans is more than a difference in cultures. As recently as the early 1970s, according to several studies, people in the U.S. and Western Europe worked about the same number of hours per week.

    In my opinion and according to my observations and knowledge Mr. Sailer is what I would classify as a “real genius”; he has/fulfills all the (physical) characteristics that I am looking for — in my (simple) system/model that I have developed — to identify authentic geniuses; and I think he is genuinely passionate about blogging and “noticing”/truth seeking, etc. This perfect combination of traits and talents, in my opinion, explains his awesome, breathtaking, and cutting-edge intellectual output.

    These are the characteristics I am looking for: height and low testosterone as indicators/proxies for intelligence; “Nordic” phenotype (light eye pigmentation) as an indicator/proxy for creativity and curiosity.

    He is tall, I believe he is around 6 feet and 4 inches tall, and likely with progressing age has lower testosterone levels than in his youth. He also has light eye pigmentation, dark blue/gray eyes, if I am not mistaken

    In analyzing data from the study, the team found what they describe as a “significant genetic correlation” between IQ and height—between taller and shorter people. Those that were shorter were on average, found to be slightly less intelligent than their taller counterparts.

    Conclusion: Baby-faced (low testosterone), tall guys are the most intelligent people on the planet.

    Baby-faced men are, on average, better educated, more assertive and apt to win more military medals than their mature-looking counterparts.

    The femipatriarchy: higher social status and military rank correlates slightly _negatively_ with testosterone.

    Lynn and Rushton are not too concerned about what constitutes “White” and include North Africans and others who most theorists would not classify as “White”. The IQ of some countries, such as Australia, which has contributed more Nobel Prize winners than Japan, is a poor 98. But according to newspaper reports of televised Australian National IQ tests in 2002 , 2003 and 2004, the average Australian IQ score for a multiracial country was above 100. Men outscored women 112 to 108 and blondes (=Nordics) averaged 111 (which is greater than Lynn’s revised Ashkenazi Jewish average and also refutes the “dumb blonde” ideology of the media). People 181 to 200 cms tall (again predominately Nordics) averaged an IQ of 113.

    I believe ADHD is a real thing, but I think it is a good thing, and even necessary for Civilization to progress and to evolve.

    Please, read my following comments on the Why and the How
    What are the hereditary factors? My study of these hyper children indicates that most — at least in my practice — are blue-eyed blondes or green-eyed redheads, Nordic types. I had the feeling that the Northern Europeans were restless in the old country, and when faced with the prospect of marrying the girl next door and farming for rest of his life, he decided to emigrate to the United States. Their restlessness forced them to keep on moving West until the Pacific Ocean stopped them.
    About half of Americans born at the turn of the 20th century had blue eyes, according to a 2002 Loyola University study in Chicago. By mid-century that number had dropped to a third. Today only about one 1 of every 6 Americans has blue eyes, said Mark Grant, the epidemiologist who conducted the study.
    What kind of effect does and will this have on the pioneering and ”New Frontier” spirit of the United States of America?

    The same could be said about ‘genius’, in my opinion. Genius and high intelligence always come in a package, but there are plenty of highly intelligent people, who are not geniuses), but of course the probability to find and the frequency of geniuses increases in high IQ populations/groups, and so IQ tests are still a very valuable and important tool to figure out where to look for geniuses.
    I have argued before, that this creativity and genius (and also pathological altruism/idealism) common in Whites (Faustian Spirit) is attributable to light eye pigmentation (which suppresses the secretion of melatonin, and is not very common in Asians, thus their lack of creativity/gen[iu]ses) plus a high IQ

    • Replies: @Santoculto
    , @RaceRealist88
  13. Ron Unz says:
    @Thomas E. A.

    I have been a follower of yours for several years, though I must say that I preferred your stand-alone blog to your stall at the Unz Review, some of whose columnists verge on hysterical conspiracy theorists. Scratch that. Some of them are hysterical conspiracy theorists.

    Ha, ha, ha…

    I’m much too busy with my software work to get involved in comment-threads, but you probably should some of my columns from last year, such as this one:

    I’d also suggest you read my major American Pravda article from a few years ago:

    Perhaps you might learn something interesting…

    • LOL: iffen
  14. @egregious philbin

    if Steve is the bambino, you are at least a very promising early career all star – such as Ted Williams right before WWII. Yes, you are the “splendid splinter” of blogging.

  15. Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    Agree that blogging-short and essaying-long are different forms, but wonder if the short form isn’t better, in that it reaches more people.

    You are the last person I’d expect anything like that to come from, Doctor.

    Have you forgotten what you wrote about media content in the Seven Tribes of Intellect article?

    Nobody produces content for we tribe 5ers and tribe 6ers. Don’t turn your back on us.
    And, by the way, I have already noticed an unwelcome change towards a mainstream trivialized mindset from your own blog to your column here.

    When I read a piece by you and don’t learn at the very least 2 new words, I am disappointed.

  16. FKA Max says:
    @Thomas E. A.

    I believe you have the wrong attitude towards the Unz Review, and in general the wrong mindset on these matters.

    This is why I so appreciate Mr. Unz and love the Unz Review, because of its “openess to (new) experience(/view points),” even if some of the commentary and comments (my own included) can be on the more “eccentric” side of things.

    A high tolerance for eccentricity seems to be one of the keys in discovering and nurturing ‘geniuses.’
    Finally, to test the creative abilities of the presenters I confronted two of them and demanded they tell me what was the most creative idea humankind had ever come up with.
    What is your candidate idea?

    My candidates, after about 2 minutes of thinking about it, would be “Freedom of Speech and Thought” and Utilitarianism, in that order.

    Jeremy Bentham was quite eccentric as well, as I understand

    Bentham was deeply eccentric. He avoided social engagements and didn’t need company, describing himself as being ‘in a state of perpetual and unruffled gaiety’. He did occasionally allow friends to dine with him, but made lists of conversational topics beforehand.

    By day, other than ‘circumgyrating’ at high speed across London parks (a kind of early precursor of jogging), his favourite pastime was badminton – then known as ‘battledore’ where the players simply kept the shuttlecock in the air for the highest number of hits possible.

    His pet pig, allegedly shared his bed for a time, and he was also fond of cats, in particular a tom cat he required to be addressed as The Reverend John Langhorne. His collection of mice ran wild in his office, destroying manuscripts and terrifying guests.

    Apart from two early dalliances, he seemed to have no intimate dealings with women, although even at the end of his life, memories of his romantic youth would quickly move him to tears.

    Odd though he was, Bentham is an important thinker.
    Bentham was the first person ever to use the words ‘international’ and ‘monetary’ and may yet have more surprises for us. He wrote between 15 and 20 pages every day and left an archive of more than five million mouse-gnawed manuscript pages behind him, fewer than half of which have been published.

  17. If you want to stick with essays while also attracting more comments, have you considered beginning each essay with a one-paragraph executive summary (labeled accordingly)?

  18. dearieme says:

    Wotcha, doc.

    I, one of the Old Guard of your followers, salute you.

    If too idle to blog myself, and lacking anything in particular I might wish to say at length, I feel I should at least encourage those who do. In a selective way. And it helps fill the time until the next Six Nations, of course.

    Come to that, I wonder how many fewer British bloggers and blog commenters there would be if we could still watch the cricket on the mainstream telly channels.

    Maybe I should reveal the one idea I’ve had for a blog. It would be about history, but presented as a set of descriptions of short periods of the past designed to let the time-traveller choose his preferred destination. I decided that the idea was rather lame, or if not entirely lame, would be of interest mainly to the permanently adolescent.

    Anyway, my first post would have been about the wonder of the lowest-taxed civilisation in history: the North American colonies before the late unpleasantness.

    A question: have there been any psychological studies that would illuminate the sort of public hysteria we’ve seen lately the US over concocted tales of Trump and the Russian spooks, or in the UK over the Brexit vote? Presumably something must be known about the sorts of personalities that are especially vulnerable to these varieties of the madness of crowds?

    There we are: is that enough stream-of-consciousness to be going on with?

    Pip, pip.

  19. @Ron Unz

    Your comments and links make this an appropriate place to ask you, as one who has done a lot more serious thinking than any other contributor to UR about conspiracy theories and the use of the term to discredit people, to assess Karl van Wolferen’s contribution to the subject in UR. While it doesn’t lay out vast amounts of compelling evidence I am inclined to accept his analysis. Am I wrong?

    • Replies: @Ron Unz
  20. Something else you might consider (from the 1982 film The Verdict):

    Ed Concannon (the defense attorney, played by James Mason, who is in the process of coaching his client for trial): Why wasn’t she getting oxygen?

    Dr. Towler: Well, many reasons, really…

    Ed Concannon: Tell me one.

    Dr. Towler: She’d aspirated vomitus into her mask.

    Ed Concannon: She threw up in her mask. Now cut the bullshit, please. Just say it: She threw up in her mask.

  21. Ron Unz says:
    @Wizard of Oz

    Hard to be sure. Unfortunately, I’ve been totally preoccupied with my difficult software work recently, so I can’t really provide an informed opinion on these sorts of questions.

    But since he spent decades as one of Holland’s most eminent international journalists, when he submitted his piece and his analysis looked pretty reasonable to me as I read through it, I was glad to publish it and let the various readers decide for themselves.

  22. Max Payne says:

    Steve just spams. Maybe a bit more intellectually than most spammers but spam is spam.

    Though on quiet days on he will at least pump out a couple of micro-comment ‘articles’. The comment section of those can be skipped entirely.

  23. Well there’s a website called ‘Twitter’ that gets a huge number of comments.

  24. Don’t forget that Steve was a professional market analyst. He has an eye towards what is most popular, what generates the most hits. He favors short pithy comments, verbal repartee phrased in today’s currently-vogue vocabulary. Sort of like talk between experts in an office break room. Without a doubt he has a fine, fun mind, but he always returns to the themes and styles that sell. Old columns from years ago dwelt on the same issues.

    For some quirky, personal reason he is obsessed with baseball stats and golf course architecture.

    You, Dr. Thompson are truly a master in your field. You don’t need to stoop to conquer.

    • Replies: @FKA Max
  25. FKA Max says:

    For some quirky, personal reason he is obsessed with baseball stats

    Jaxon loves baseball and baseball stats as well…

    Inside The Mind Of Jaxon Cota An 11-Year-Old Kid Genius | NBC Nightly News

    Published on Jul 22, 2015

    At age nine, Jaxon Cota was accepted into Mensa, a society for geniuses. His IQ puts him in the top two percent of the world, but despite his smarts, Jaxon isn’t rushing ahead.

  26. helena says:

    James I would class as an old-fashioned academic – old fashioned because he sticks to the scientific method and sticks to his chosen topic regardless of political winds. That is to be applauded. My interest in IQ is limited. I like to keep up with latest thoughts so I scan JT’s column and comments. But what puzzles me is that whilst IQ’s correlations work at population level, people live their lives on an individual level. Only people who appear as dots on the line of best fit actually correlate. Everyone else, the majority?, either overshoots or fails to reach their potential. Surely?

    Steve is a genius. He has vision, perception, logic, sees the bigger picture and sheds amusing light on the inconsistencies of ideology. Steve’s posts are a diary of the decline of Anglo-European culture. I check out his posts and tell myself I should start keeping a list of his memes like magic dirt and such but never do. But I find Steve’s commentariat distinctly dull. Maybe that’s because I’ve got used to the lively cross-fire attached to Giraldi’s articles.

    • Replies: @James Thompson
  27. @FKA Max

    Likely a correlation and not a causality. Have a blue eyes don’t increase intelligence or creativity.

    TO BE CAUSAL, must be quasi–UNIVERSAL

    Everyone with blue or light eyes be smart-er or more creative and it’s not the case.

    People with this phenotypes has been more selected to be smart–er.

    In the end, based on old studies, geniuses no have the reputation to be a good looking.

    Creativity personality traits, based on hungarian expert Mihaly Crsoznaorncomanemány, is a combination of discrepant traits [or the increase of this intensities].

    East asians are too much to the consciousness, but invariably not in pefectionistic ways.

    Black africans, specially the western africans, are too much to the extroversion and psychoticism and less for intellect and artistic curiosity, one of the openess facets.

    The combination of this two worlds, logically speaking, is likely to result in more internally discrepant personalities.

  28. botazefa says:

    Just now I’m seeing from “Error establishing a database connection” when trying to access your 7-Tribes masterpiece. Rest assured no distracting metrics are being generated as of April 6, 1100/EST. Yet I continue to type in another window, waiting return of database connection so I can publish. Pretty strong reader engagement here.

    Ahh, I see it is up now, 1120/EST.

  29. @FKA Max

    and likely with progressing age has lower testosterone levels than in his youth

    Why do you speak of low testosterone as ‘a good thing’?

    Baby-faced (low testosterone)

    I have no idea why people say that low testosterone is “a good thing” and that high testosterone “causes violence and prostate cancer.”

    Average testosterone levels for men aged 25-34 are about 600 ng/dL. Let’s say someone has 150 ng/dL of testosterone. Would that be a good thing?

    But according to newspaper reports of televised Australian National IQ tests in 2002 , 2003 and 2004, the average Australian IQ score for a multiracial country was above 100


    Low testosterone is correlated with lower sperm production which, of course, relates to birthrate.

    Low testosterone is the cause of a myriad of diseases.

    What are the hereditary factors? My study of these hyper children indicates that most — at least in my practice — are blue-eyed blondes or green-eyed redheads, Nordic types. I had the feeling that the Northern Europeans were restless in the old country, and when faced with the prospect of marrying the girl next door and farming for rest of his life, he decided to emigrate to the United States. Their restlessness forced them to keep on moving West until the Pacific Ocean stopped them.

    Anecdotes? No thanks.

    I do agree with you that brain size doesn’t predict creativity, nor do IQ tests test for rationality or creativity.

    Cerebral blood flow during rest is associated with IQ and creativity.

    Larger brains can store information. Big brains evolved to increase expertise capacity, not IQ.

    Nordicists are pretty funny. Next time, please link directly to sources because clicking through copious amounts of links to get to an original source (if I can even find one) is tiring.

    • Replies: @FKA Max
    , @FKA Max
    , @FKA Max
  30. FKA Max says:

    You seem to be triggered…


    Archived website:

    Original URL (does not work anymore):

    Excerpts from website:


    Australians found out their IQ scores last night by watching the Nine Network’s inaugural broadcast of THE NATIONAL IQ TEST 2002 – the first time an IQ test of a whole continent has been conducted on a single night.
    Australia’s smartest states and territories
    ACT – 114
    Western Australia – 111
    Queensland – 111
    Tasmania – 111
    New South Wales – 110
    South Australia – 109
    Northern Territory – 108
    Victoria – 107
    The following results are based on a statistically reliable random sample of those who played online.

    Smarter sex
    Male (average IQ) – 112
    Women – 108

    People with glasses – 112
    People without glasses – 109

    181-200cm – 113
    161-180cm – 110
    More than 201cm – 108
    141-160cm – 105
    Less than 140cm – 104

    Hair colour
    Red – 111
    Grey – 111
    Brown – 111
    Blonde – 109
    Black – 109
    Bald – 108
    The test was intended for entertainment purposes only and did not purport to definitively analyse an individual’s IQ.

    Test Australia: The National IQ Test

    Professor Con Stough was one of several experts contacted for the development of the show. Stough was instructed to develop a multiple-choice adult IQ test that would be administered on both the internet and television; he was given three months to complete the task. Stough had reservations about working on the program, and only agreed to do so after the Nine Network agreed to several of his caveats, including airing disclaimers stating that IQ test scores were a limited predictor of success. and that many other factors including motivation and creativity may be more important in everyday life, and that test scores would be affected by various factors including anxiety and cultural background.[2]
    The test consisted of 76 questions which were divided into six categories: language, spatial processes, arithmetic, memory, reasoning, and learning.[3] Over 43,000 people registered to take the test online during the show, and over 20,000 completed the test by texting their results via mobile phone.[1]

    Next time, please link directly to sources because clicking through copious amounts of links to get to an original source (if I can even find one) is tiring.

    You also seem to be lacking curiosity…

  31. FKA Max says:

    I wanted to reply to several of your cited articles.

    Firstly, I agree with you that Vitamin D deficiency is an important factor to consider in general, and specifically in terms of cognitive functioning, and possibly when it comes to prostate cancer risk, etc. I have briefly commented on this topic in the past. Light eye pigmentation is an equally as important factor to take into account, however, in my opinion:

    There are so many factors to take into account when it comes to IQ
    Vitamin D deficiency due to high melanin levels in the skin when living far away from the equator
    Light eye pigmentation is favorable in higher latitudes and in the winter [Goel et al. (2002)]
    Darker-eyed patients were significantly more depressed and fatigued than blue-eyed patients.

    I have no idea why people say that low testosterone is “a good thing” and that high testosterone “causes violence and prostate cancer.”

    In my opinion, any discussion about violence and anti-social behavior, that doesn’t include and doesn’t consider the important role low-activity MAOA plays in them, is incomplete. High(er) testosterone in combination with low-activity MAOA seems to play a role in (physical) violence:

    So the perfect violence soup is low MAO-A, social isolation, high testosterone, being poor and having a low IQ.

    Regarding high(er) testosterone levels and prostate cancer. This is a complex matter and there is conflicting evidence on the subject. I agree with you, that diet and obesity, etc. probably play an important role in this regard. There is research which connects higher prostate cancer risk with higher (refined) sugar consumption, and specifically with artificial sweeteners, like aspartame, etc., which could explain why the U.S. has the highest prostate cancer prevalence among the industrialized nations; “Diet” soft drinks are a more popular beverage in the U.S.:

    New concerns about diet sodas

    They’re linked to calorie absorption, high blood pressure, and heart trouble.

    Nevertheless, there seems to be a connection between androgen levels, androgen sensitivity and prostate cancer. I just recently had a comment discussion/debate with Unz Review commenter Daniel Chieh on this topic, see the following thread for details. I don’t agree with Mr. Chieh on all the specifics, but I think the exchange is interesting, valuable and enlightening:

    Dihydrotestosterone is a form of testosterone that has a stronger virilizing effect on men, because it has three times grea[t]er affinity to the androgen receptor than regular testosterone.

    Africans having most DHT relative to testosterone, Europeans intermediate, and East Asians the least.

    Higher copies of CAG, which reduce sensitivity to testosterone. Whites also have more copies than Africans:

    Cerebral blood flow during rest is associated with IQ and creativity.

    I also briefly commented on this topic in the past:

    I believe high intelligence is a built-in/genetic feature, that brings certain challenges with it (higher brain energy/fuel consumption being one of them).
    Complicating matters, at least one study suggests the opposite—that more skillful brains recruit more energy.

    This is what really determines “brain power,” in my opinion:

    There was an interesting comment below the article you referenced: tinitus – Aug 31, 2016

    Brain size has increased about 350% over human evolution, but we found that blood flow to the brain increased an amazing 600%
    Actually what was observed was the increasing of the foramina carotid diameter. Carotid arteries are smaller in women even after adjusting for body and neck size, age, and blood pressure. Any conclusions? –

    Could the combination of a large brain and insufficient blood supply to it actually mean less brain power? Is the ratio between blood supply (carotid artery diameter) and brain size the true determinant of intelligence/brain power? Of course, a big brain plus sufficient blood supply (wide carotid artery diameter) would then likely mean very high intelligence/brain nerve cell connectivity/activity.

    Could especially women with large brains/heads, like Oprah, who lack the proper blood supply to power their large brains actually be the least cognitively competent?

  32. FKA Max says:

    Just a quick addendum on blue/light eyes:

    In my opinion and according to my research, selection for blue/light eyes (low melanin levels in the iris) in/among Northern Europeans has to do with melatonin secretion suppression by light, which, as lighter skin (low melanin levels in the skin) allows for increased Vitamin D production, is evolutionaryily advantageous in cloudy latitudes far away from the equator. This melatonin secretion suppression by light leads to insomnia and hyperactivity (good for non-stop foraging during the short summers in Northern Europe) during the light summer months, and ensures one does not become lethargic, unproductive, and depressed ( e.g., seasonal affective disorder (SAD)) during the dark winter months in extreme northern or southern latitudes.

    Our group has previously noted three effects of light iris pigmentation in patients with seasonal affective disorder(summarized in Goel et al., 2002): (a) a larger summertime increase in photopic sensitivity than patients with darker pigmentation; (b) lower depression and fatigability scores in winter; and (c) earlier awakening during dawn simulation therapy Effect of Iris Pigmentation and Latitude on Chronotype and Sleep Timing White et al. (2003)

    After a night’s sleep with dark adaptation,
    heightened photoreceptor sensitivity may mediate earlier wake-up and larger phase
    advances in light-eyed individuals. On the other hand, after a day of light adaptation,
    photoreceptors in lighter eyes may be more fully bleached than in darker eyes. Stimulation
    of residual photopigment in dark eyes—whether by dusk or indoor evening illumination
    may act functionally to extend winter daylength. That would explain the major phase
    delay (and relative eveningness) in dark-eyed individuals, who go to sleep more than 2h
    later than those with light eyes and wake up at nearly 0830h in the south in winter,
    when the sun is already high in the sky.

    Phase delaying the human circadian clock with a single light pulse and moderate delay of the sleep/dark episode: no influence of iris color

    […] It is theoretically also possible that light exposure history was systematically different for subjects with blue or brown irises, such that one group was exposed to more light than the other group, thereby confounding the group differences in the magnitude of the phase delay. A further limitation of this study is the relatively small sample size, since small differences in the magnitude or the variability of phase shifts between subjects with different iris colors might be observed with the greater statistical power that a larger sample size provides.

    The problem with higher eveningness scores in dark-eyed persons is, that artificial light has somewhat distorted study results.
    Time spent on electronic screen media use-a source of indoor light at night-is also correlated with eveningness
    Across the nation, four out of five whites live outside of the cities
    Nielsen report confirms blacks watch more TV than any other group
    Asian youths scored similarly to whites but were found to spend almost three hours a day using a computer recreationally – more than double the amount of time black and white children spent on their computers.
    If light-eyed whites lived in cities at the same rate and were to use their computers and TVs at the same rate as dark-eyed [African Americans], Hispanics, and Asians do, I am sure their eveningness scores would be higher, and thus their total hours/minutes of sleep per day would be fewer, because their wake-up time would probably not change much, because they are more sensitive to dawnlight, due to their light iris pigmentation.

    This is also the reason, in my opinion, why Mr. Sailer often stays up late into the night, because he is in front of a computer/electronic screen later into the night than most average light-eyed persons; and I believe he also lives in an urban environment, so there is more noise disturbance, which makes it harder to fall asleep and usually wakes one up earlier in the morning, etc.

    In contrast, other studies have found that minorities are at lower risk of insomnia. A survey of over 17,000 adults revealed that Whites reported more trouble falling asleep and staying asleep than did Blacks and Hispanics.(51) Similar findings were reported in a diary study examining self-reported chronic insomnia in 769 adults.(52) Kingsbury et al. (2013)

  33. @James Thompson

    … but wonder if the short form isn’t better, in that it reaches more people.

    The short form is indisputably better. That’s because it’s short, not necessarily because it reaches more folks.

    Some of us have better things to do than wade through swamps of logorrhea, and are, frankly, put off by the unwarranted assumption of narcissists that they have something to say.

    As was Polonius, so should we be brief.

    Therefore, since brevity is the soul of wit
    And tediousness the limbs and outward flourishes,
    I will be brief:

    Shakespeare → Hamlet → Act 2, Scene 2, Page 4

  34. @Ron Unz

    Perhaps you might learn something interesting…

    Not a chance in Hades he could learn something.

    Here’s proof.:

    … some of whose columnists verge on hysterical conspiracy theorists. Scratch that. Some of them are hysterical conspiracy theorists.

  35. The Z Blog says: • Website

    Short posts tend to elicit more comments, relative to their size, compared to long posts. There’s also the fact that people who read blogs prefer posts under the 1000 word length. I’ve experimented a bit with this and my posts that exceed 1000 words get less traffic and fewer comments than those under that threshold.

    I post one item a day of about 1000 words. I get about 100 comments per post, but some will have just 30-50 comments. Topical items will generate a lot of comments. The fact is, some subjects invite debate while others do not. It’s not always obvious, but over time you can sort of tell which subjects will generate a lot of comments.

    What strikes me about blogging is just how much productive bloggers are compared to professional journalists. A big foot columnist is generating 1500-2000 words a week at the maximum. A blogger does that in a day or two.

  36. @helena

    Helena – thanks for your kind comments.
    On correlation, the statistic is a summary of a group effect. It is not that it applies only to those on the trend line, but that it applies to some measured extent to all the people measured on those two variables. Most correlations in behavioural research fall well short of unity.

  37. Karl says:
    @Ron Unz

    13 Ron Unz > I’m much too busy with my software work to get involved in comment-threads

    iSteve has “curb appeal” that you’ll never have.

    If Breitbart picks up iSteve, you will have to find another makher to attach your public-personna bandwagon to.

    Let’s talk about the rubber meeting the road: iSteve is your only contributor who re-furbishes his wife’s kitchen with money that strangers mailed to him. How many people contributed cold hard cash, to your electoral campaign for Senator?

    You need him way more than he needs you.

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