By BENJAMIN RADFORD, Discovery News
Jan. 22, 2012
A study followed nearly 20,000 students from kindergarten through the eighth grade in 1,000 public and private schools. The researchers examined the children’s weight and found that in the eighth grade, 35.5 percent of kids in schools with junk food were overweight while 34.8 percent of those in schools without it were overweight — a statistically insignificant increase.
In other words, kids with access to junk food at school were no heavier than those without.
It’s not that middle schoolers aren’t eating junk food; indeed they are, just like most Americans. It’s that most of the junk food they’re eating is not coming through the schools.
“Schools only represent a small portion of children’s food environment,” said Jennifer Van Hook, a Professor of Sociology and Demography at Pennsylvania State University and lead author of the study.
The same may not hold true for high school students, who are more independent and have more disposable income (and therefore more control over what they eat).
“They can get food at home, they can get food in their neighborhoods, and they can go across the street from the school to buy food. Additionally, kids are actually very busy at school… There really isn’t a lot of opportunity for children to eat while they’re in school, or at least eat endlessly, compared to when they’re at home. As a result, whether or not junk food is available to them at school may not have much bearing on how much junk food they eat,” Van Hook said in a statement issued by the American Sociological Association.
The study, “Competitive Food Sales in Schools and Childhood Obesity: A Longitudinal Study,” is published in the journal Sociology of Education. Politicians and parents have called in recent years for various measures including a so-called “fat tax” on soda and even an outright ban on candy and junk food being sold in schools.
This research suggests that money spent on efforts to reduce childhood obesity would be much more effective in other areas, such as encouraging parents to choose healthier meals for their kids.
The research paper can be found here. After controlling for the possible confounding effects (such as children with high BMIs being sorted into schools with junk food available and vice versa), the authors claim to have found no effect of the presence of junk food in schools on whether they gain weight.
And why would they? Most children consume only a small percentage of their daily calories at school—and the ones that do eat a large percentage of their of daily food intake at school obviously aren’t at much risk for becoming obese.
Rather, the campaign to cut down on junk food and vending machines at school is a misguided effort borne out of a need to “do something” about the obesity epidemic, and since government can’t go into children’s homes and enforce a no-junk food policy (yet), they instead struck at the one thing they could.
As the article states, the study’s authors instead suggest berating parents to get them to choose healthy options for their kids, sort of like these scare commercials made by Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta to run on Georgia’s airwaves to shock parents into somehow making their kids not fat:
Readers here will note that this is about as dumb as Mike Huckabee’s “fat grade” in Arkansas, as parents aren’t the source of the problem. It’s interesting that that one young boy in the commercial asks his parents why he’s fat. Would he like to hear that the answer is that it’s in his genes?
The obesity epidemic represents how a gross environmental change can affect the expression of inherited traits. It is like the Flynn Effect in that regard. At some point, I will take an in-depth look at the causes of the developed world’s expanding waistlines. But in any case, in the mean time, can we leave parents, and the school cafeteria, alone?