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Racism Never Sleeps: "The Black-White Sleep Gap: An Unexpected Challenge in the Quest for Racial Justice"
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From National Journal:

The Black-White Sleep Gap
BY BRIAN RESNICK
An unexpected challenge in the quest for racial justice.
October 23, 2015

… Gen­er­ally, people are thought to spend 20 per­cent of their night in slow-wave sleep, and the study’s white par­ti­cipants hit this mark. Black par­ti­cipants, however, spent only about 15 per­cent of the night in slow-wave sleep.

The study was just one data point in a mount­ing pile of evid­ence that black Amer­ic­ans aren’t sleep­ing as well as whites. This past June, the journ­al Sleep pub­lished a study on the sleep qual­ity of black, white, Chinese, and His­pan­ic adults in six cit­ies across the United States. …

The res­ults? “The in­suf­fi­cient amount of sleep, the short sleep dur­a­tion of the Afric­an-Amer­ic­ans really stood out,” says Susan Red­line, a Har­vard pro­fess­or of sleep medi­cine and one of the study’s co-au­thors. “It really em­phas­ized that Afric­an-Amer­ic­ans, as a group, are get­ting the least amount of sleep com­pared, at least, to the three oth­er groups.” Whites in the study slept an av­er­age of 6.85 hours; blacks slept an av­er­age of 6.05 hours.

Study­ing a 669-per­son co­hort in Chica­go—44 per­cent were black; the rest were white—she and her col­leagues found, on av­er­age, an hour dif­fer­ence between blacks’ and whites’ sleep.

ON THE QUES­TION of how to ex­plain the black-white sleep gap it­self, re­search­ers have a num­ber of re­lated the­or­ies. (There is a con­sensus that in­nate bio­lo­gic­al dif­fer­ences between blacks and whites are not a factor.)

My impression is that individual sleep patterns are pretty idiosyncratic, so I’m not aware of strong racial differences. In theory, however, it seems possible that people whose relatively recent ancestors had been evolving in tropical climates where only mad dogs and Englishmen don’t nap during the noonday sun would be less well-suited to the Anglo-American schedule of 16 hours up without a nap followed by 8 hours down than would people whose ancestors invented that schedule. Most of the world is, or was, on some kind of Siesta Schedule, so the Angl0-American No Nap Schedule might be less natural for people not from northwestern Europe. But that’s just speculation.

The stress caused by dis­crim­in­a­tion is one strong pos­sib­il­ity. …

After the par­ti­cipants’ stays in the San Diego lab, re­search­ers had them take a sur­vey, de­signed to as­sess the level of dis­crim­in­a­tion they felt on any giv­en day. (Par­ti­cipants were asked to agree or dis­agree with state­ments, in­clud­ing “In my life, I have ex­per­i­enced pre­ju­dice be­cause of my eth­ni­city” and “My eth­nic group is of­ten cri­ti­cized in this coun­try.”) Armed with this in­form­a­tion, Tom­fohr and her col­leagues could then de­term­ine a cor­rel­a­tion between dis­crim­in­a­tion and sleep. And it turned out that there was, in fact, a cor­rel­a­tion: More dis­crim­in­a­tion meant less slow-wave sleep. “If you can take out that dis­crim­in­a­tion piece, the av­er­age Afric­an-Amer­ic­an and the av­er­age Caucasi­an look at lot more sim­il­ar,” she says. “It’s not per­fect, but in terms of sleep, a lot of the dis­par­ity goes away.”

Dani­elle L. Beatty Moody, a psy­cho­lo­gist at the Uni­versity of Mary­land, Bal­timore County, con­duc­ted a sim­il­ar test while work­ing as a post-doc­tor­al schol­ar in the psy­chi­atry de­part­ment of the Uni­versity of Pitt­s­burgh in the late 2000s. People who are dis­crim­in­ated against, she be­lieves, carry worry throughout the day. And that worry lit­er­ally keeps them up at night. “It’s un­com­fort­able for them to sleep be­cause they are think­ing back over mis­treat­ment, think­ing back over mal­treat­ment, think­ing back over bi­as they ex­per­i­enced,” she says. “In think­ing about those ex­per­i­ences, they are get­ting more aroused, more cog­nit­ive arous­al, which does the op­pos­ite of what you need it to do to go to sleep.”

Think of how much even more of a genius Ta-Nehisi Coates would be if only he weren’t up all night obsessing over what that white lady on the escalator really meant when she said, “Come on!”

Neigh­bor­hoods also ap­pear to mat­ter when it comes to sleep health. “I have nev­er seen a study that hasn’t shown a dir­ect as­so­ci­ation between neigh­bor­hood qual­ity and sleep qual­ity,” Hale tells me. “Those two are linked.” …

Feel­ings of safety are key here. Hale the­or­izes that—as with dis­crim­in­a­tion—noisy, un­safe, dis­orderly neigh­bor­hoods in­crease stress and the need for vi­gil­ance. “If you know some­body in your neigh­bor­hood who has had a break-in, you might feel pretty un­com­fort­able shut­ting your eyes fall­ing asleep while your two or three chil­dren are sleep­ing in the room next door and no one else is there to pro­tect them,” she says. “And that type of in­sec­ur­ity, wheth­er it’s fin­an­cial or phys­ic­al safety, is more com­mon among people who don’t have con­trol over their en­vir­on­ment, be­cause if you did have con­trol over your en­vir­on­ment, you’d say, ‘I’m get­ting out of here.’ ”

Hale has been in­volved in sev­er­al stud­ies that com­pare levels of dis­order in a neigh­bor­hood—as meas­ured by clean­li­ness, crime, pres­ence of graf­fiti, and so on—with sleep and health. Over­all, she finds, poor sleep can ex­plain 20 per­cent of the dif­fer­ence between the good health found in rich neigh­bor­hoods and the bad health found in poor ones. “Based on these res­ults, tar­geted in­ter­ven­tions de­signed to pro­mote sleep qual­ity in dis­ad­vant­aged neigh­bor­hoods (e.g., com­munity-based sleep pro­mo­tion and noise level or­din­ances) could help to im­prove the phys­ic­al health of res­id­ents in the short-term,” Hale writes in one of her co-au­thored pa­pers in the journ­al Pre­vent­ive Medi­cine.

Obviously, the solution to black people sleeping poorly for fear of crime is to let huge numbers of black criminals out of prison.

No, wait, the solution, according to Raj Chetty, is to have black people move to Salt Lake City.

Seriously, as everybody knows, although of course it’s not mentioned in this article, black neighborhoods, at least before everybody moves out, tend to be LOUD.

Over time, fortunately, technology is making it easier to sleep in loud neighborhoods, which is one reason white people are moving back downtown. Fans and air conditioning let you sleep more often with the windows shut, and double pane windows cut the decibels coming through the windows dramatically. (The decline in car alarms along with the decline in car theft has been a boon to city dwellers. Many of my most vivid memories of living in Chicago in the 1980s and 1990s involve car alarms.)

A much, much cheaper innovation are better earplugs. If you haven’t tried a few different kinds of earplug yet, please don’t dismiss them. I refused for years to try earplugs on the grounds that they would obviously keep me from falling asleep. Finally, in Ireland in 1994 when my flight got delayed for 24 hours due to the crew being still drunk the morning after Ireland’s 1-0 World Cup victory over defending champion Italy and all the passengers had to share rooms, I tried them and, boom, next thing I knew I was waking up 8 hours later.

There are various kinds of foam earplugs, and different ones appeal to different people. The cone-shaped slick foam earplugs appear to be very popular judging by how many facings there are in the drug store, but I can’t stand them compared to the less popular cylindrical rough foam ones. But that’s just me.

Another way, that’s also not mentioned in this article, for blacks to get more sleep is to turn off the TV.

Blacks, kids and adults alike, watch huge amounts of television. Here’s a 2011 press release from Northwestern U. about a study on young people:

STUDY: STARK DIFFERENCES IN MEDIA USE BETWEEN MINORITY, WHITE YOUTH
June 8, 2011 | by Wendy Leopold

EVANSTON, Ill. — Minority youth aged 8 to 18 consume an average of 13 hours of media content a day — about 4-1/2 hours more than their white counterparts, according to a Northwestern University report, the first national study to focus exclusively on children’s media use by race and ethnicity.

“In the past decade, the gap between minority and white youth’s daily media use has doubled for blacks and quadrupled for Hispanics,” says Northwestern Professor Ellen Wartella, who directed the study and heads the Center on Media and Human Development in the School of Communication. “The big question is what these disparities mean for our children’s health and education.”

The report finds that minority children spend one to two additional hours each day watching TV and videos, approximately an hour more listening to music, up to an hour and a half more on computers, and 30 to 40 minutes more playing video games than their white counterparts.

The only medium for which no difference was found between minority and white youth was reading print for pleasure. Young people in all groups read for pleasure approximately 30 to 40 minutes a day, the study finds.

“Our study is not meant to blame parents,” says Wartella, a longtime Sesame Workshop trustee and Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani Professor in Communication.

That sounds like the name of an endowed chair made up by Michel Houellebecq.

… The study, “Children, Media and Race: Media Use Among White, Black, Hispanic and Asian American Children,” is based on a new analysis, by race, of data from the Kaiser Family Foundation’s previous media use studies. It finds that race-related differences among youth are robust even when controlling for factors including parent education and whether or not children are from single- or two-parent families.

Other report findings:

• Minority youth are especially avid adopters of new media, spending about an hour and a half more each day than White youth using their cell phones, iPods and other mobile devices to watch TV and videos, play games, and listen to music (a total of 3 hours and 7 minutes, or 3:07 in mobile media use among Asians, 2:53 among Hispanics, 2:52 among blacks, and 1:20 among whites).

• Traditional TV viewing remains the most popular of all media — with black and Hispanic youth consuming an average of more than three hours of live TV daily (3:23 for blacks, 3:08 for Hispanics, 2:28 for Asians and 2:14 for whites).

• TV viewing rates are even higher when data on time-shifting technologies such as TiVo, DVDs, and mobile and online viewing are included. Total daily television consumption then rises to 5:54 for black youth, 5:21 for Hispanics, 4:41 for Asians, and 3:36 for whites.

• Black and Hispanic youth are more likely to have TV sets in their bedrooms (84% of blacks, 77% of Hispanics compared to 64% of whites and Asians), and to have cable and premium channels available in their bedrooms (42% of blacks and 28% of Hispanics compared to 17% of whites and 14% of Asians).

• Minority youth eat more meals in front of the TV set — with 78% of black, 67% of Hispanic, 58% of white and 55% of Asian 8- to 18-year-olds reporting that the TV is “usually” on during meals at home.

• Trends such as TV sets in the bedroom and eating meals with the TV on begin at an early age. Black children under 6 are twice as likely to have a TV in their bedroom as whites and more than twice as likely to go to sleep with the TV on. Black children under 6 are almost three times as likely to eat dinner in front of the TV than white children the same age.

• Asian youth spend more time in recreational computer use: nearly 3 hours a day (2:53) compared to just under 2 hours for Hispanics (1:49), nearly 1-1/2 hours for blacks (1:24) and slightly less for whites (1:17). …

 
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  1. Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani Professor in Communication.

    Who knew?

    • Replies: @LiveFreeOrDie
    @a reader

    Maybe in Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani's neighborhood, it is the muezzin waking people up! But then again, to quote President Obama: “The sweetest sound I know is the Muslim call to prayer”

  2. My guess is blacks are more obese (documented fact). More obesity equals more sleep apnea, and more sleep apnea means more disturbed sleep.

  3. Free Ambien for our dusky brethren.

    • Replies: @E. Rekshun
    @Grumpy Old Man

    Nah, free ear-plugs.

  4. I’ve tried just about every type of earplug and I think the silicon ones are by far the best. You can pick off as much as you want from the plug (they’re usually too big) and mould it to your preferred shape. There’s a trick in inserting them to maximum effect. You gently pull your ear wider as you put it in and then let it close around it when it’s in place, to ensure all the air is expelled and none gets trapped behind the plug. Then you bed them in gently ten minutes later when they’re warmer and softer.

    • Replies: @Olorin
    @Rob McX

    I spent the first two and a half decades of my life in a 70% black Rust Belt city today known as the most dangerous city in its state, and one of the most dangerous in the nation (in terms of violent crime and homicide rates).

    It would be suicidal to wear earplugs to sleep there. In fact sleeping soundly 8 hours or whatever a night was precisely one of the things that led to many whites being victims of graveyard shift home invasions in the 1970s.

    So yeah, let's talk about racism and sleep patterns, but let's do it from a perspective other than the elites who live in very safe, very quiet neighborhoods. Part of the reason urban blacks don't sleep well is they're listening to hear whether cousin Shitavious is breaking into the house again, or Daya'wa'naynay is creeping into the room to steal their wallet. That's still HBD...but in a more indirect way.

    Sidebar: re: "triggering" events, the Summer of Ferguson was pretty rough on me. With the wall to wall media coverage of the same stuff we lived through in the late 1960s, I found my sleep patterns becoming disrupted to the point where I was sleeping not very deeply and waking up with every brainwave cycle. For me about every 90 minutes. Took me most of the winter to get back to my post-Bell-Curve-City-life sleep cycles.

    This was how I slept all through college and grad school. The first thing I remember noticing about moving to a safe city far away was that I was sleeping so much better, and waking rested.

    I'd like to see some discussion of the PBSD (post-Bantu stress disorder) suffered by those of us who found it hard to afford "white flight," or never managed that. There's surely a lot of sleep research to be done among the law abiding residents of Ferguson and its environs.

  5. ON THE QUES­TION of how to ex­plain the black-white sleep gap it­self, re­search­ers have a num­ber of re­lated the­or­ies. (There is a con­sensus that in­nate bio­lo­gic­al dif­fer­ences between blacks and whites are not a factor.)

    What is the basis for that consensus? Raw prejudice against innate biological differences?

  6. You buried the lede.

    http://www.northwestern.edu/newscenter/stories/2011/06/media-usa-youth-wartella.html

    This media report, if correct, is astonishing. It suggests a vast retreat from nature and education, and the advent of a media-enslaved generation.

    I see it everywhere, not only in the U.S., as I am currently in Italy. People of all ages filtering their entire lives through smartphones and electronic devices. Simply detached from their environments and Umwelt.

    • Replies: @J1234
    @pasadena



    http://www.northwestern.edu/newscenter/stories/2011/06/media-usa-youth-wartella.html

    This media report, if correct, is astonishing. It suggests a vast retreat from nature and education, and the advent of a media-enslaved generation.
     
    Unless their nature is to be enslaved by the media.
  7. I sometimes wonder if black people actually have less sensitive hearing than whites. Otherwise how to explain not only their tolerance for very loud music (e.g. playing a boombox on max volume *inside a car*!), but also their tendency to walk down the street shouting at each other – not in anger, but just in ‘normal’ conversation.

    • Replies: @AnAnon
    @DavidB

    that'd be testable, and isn't likely the case. On the other hand the status signal of being loud might be the desired message therein.

  8. Maybe those kids playing midnight basketball ought to be home in bed.

    • Replies: @Reg Cæsar
    @Astorian


    Maybe those kids playing midnight basketball ought to be home in bed.
     
    Unless they're alone, that would cause even worse problems!
    , @E. Rekshun
    @Astorian

    Don't hear too much about midnight basketball anymore. I wonder if this still exists or if it was just another social experiment failure.

  9. @a reader
    Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani Professor in Communication.

    Who knew?

    Replies: @LiveFreeOrDie

    Maybe in Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani’s neighborhood, it is the muezzin waking people up! But then again, to quote President Obama: “The sweetest sound I know is the Muslim call to prayer”

  10. Everything about blacks makes me drink.

    • Replies: @Lugash
    @whorefinder

    The white liberal enablers, excuse theorists and apologists for black misbehavior drive me into a cold fury.

    , @JohnnyWalker123
    @whorefinder

    I'd think Arabs would have the most trouble sleeping. They seem pissed off 24/7.

  11. That study obviously didn’t factor in the black guy who lived across the hall from me in college. He slept a lot.

    • Replies: @E. Rekshun
    @Danindc

    One former coworker, an extremely rare black software engineer, slept at his desk.

    , @Brutusale
    @Danindc

    Asleep or on the nod?

  12. African-Americans are usually the LEAST worried people in any group. If they worried as much as other races, they would have better lives in the long run.

    • Replies: @gregor
    @Jean Cocteausten

    Yeah, they always just assert these things. Similarly, I've heard many times that minorities have low self esteem due to racism, stereotype threat, etc., but surveys show black children actually have the highest self esteem, confidence, and self regard.

  13. The reason for the Black/White Sleep Gap is because the Sandman is a racist.

    More seriously, this is all clearly subjective. A black person who feels discriminated against, according to the theory, will not sleep as well as a white person who receives nothing but affirmation for his superior status during the day. But what about the black person who doesn’t feel discriminated against? Or the white person who does? Or gays? Or transgenders? And so on.

    • Replies: @Flinders Petrie
    @SPMoore8

    There's always epigenetics to fill in those troublesome areas where reality contradicts a bogus social justice hypothesis.

    , @Chrisnonymous
    @SPMoore8

    The real issue is simple failure to address correlation-causation... Maybe more neurotic blacks focus on racial issues and have a harder time sleeping. Maybe if they gave their participants other questionaires, they would find other correlations too...

    , @JohnnyWalker123
    @SPMoore8

    I feel the term "sandman" seems vaguely racist against people of Middle Eastern descent.

    http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=sand+monkey

    Replies: @SPMoore8

  14. The only medium for which no difference was found between minority and white youth was reading print for pleasure. Young people in all groups read for pleasure approximately 30 to 40 minutes a day, the study finds.

    Can that possibly be true? Perhaps it was a multiple choice questionnaire and the lowest option above “never” was “30-40 minutes a day.” Otherwise I find it unlikely. I think of the Chris Rock routine in which he said: “If you’re afraid a [black person] will break into your house, and you wanna save your money, you know what you do? You put the money in a book. Cause [black people] don’t read. Books are like kryptonite to a [black person] . ‘Here’s a book.’ ‘NOOOOOOOOO! NOOOOOOOOOOOOO! Not a book!”

    BTW, a commenter recently complained about the use of the expression “Because racism.” That expression may have lost its novelty, but it will be hard to retire due to articles like this. There is but one acceptable explanation for all the problems that plague black people.

    • Replies: @Eustace Tilley (not)
    @Harry Baldwin



    Harry, you smelled a rat here and you are so very right. I, too, refuse to believe that blacks spend half an hour per day "reading print for pleasure".

    If one runs the experiment of riding city buses and looking at what people are doing, over 50% (black and white) are looking at their cell phones or listening to music through ear buds. One will sometimes see white women reading romance novels. One rarely sees blacks reading either a book, a newspaper, or a magazine on the bus. When do they read for pleasure, then? Not at home (where they are busy with electronic media). Not at school (where they read only to obey teacher's orders).

    Electronic media are the lazy man's way to be amused. Reading takes more effort and is therefore falling out of favor among both blacks and whites. Blacks are, in general, lazier than whites and more interested in avoiding effort (Farrakhan said, for example, that blacks don't want to pick fruit because they already "picked enough cotton").

    The moral of the tale: Always be skeptical of the claims of social "scientists".

    , @The Practical Conservative
    @Harry Baldwin

    Nope, blacks as a group do read about as much as whites. There are many popular print black authors, a number of whom were self-publishing phenoms long before self-publishing online became easy with Amazon's platform for that. But certainly the blacks who don't read are much more, let us say open and up-front about it compared to non-reading whites.

    Replies: @Lugash

  15. Black-out curtains help if you sleep during the day.

    • Replies: @Cracker
    @North Carolina Resident

    An inside joke...

    , @JohnnyGeo
    @North Carolina Resident

    Black-out curtains help if you sleep during the day.

    That's r......too easy.

    , @Stan D Mute
    @North Carolina Resident


    Black-out curtains help if you sleep during the day.

     

    Wait, what? Curtains? Around here you need 12' walls with shards of glass embedded in the top and a pack of Rottweilers. Those must be some pretty heavy duty curtains you have!
    , @Lugash
    @North Carolina Resident

    Disagree. In the city street lamps and car lights can cause light disturbances. Many condo/apartment complexes are lit up like crazy with security lights as well.


    (The decline in car alarms along with the decline in car theft has been a boon to city dwellers. Many of my most vivid memories of living in Chicago in the 1980s and 1990s involve car alarms.)
     
    One of the over looked benefits of cell phones is that they get rid of the "I'm coming over to your place, I'll honk when I get there" thing.

    Replies: @CJ, @Ivy, @Reg Cæsar

    , @NOTA
    @North Carolina Resident

    The ability to really control the light level in your bedroom is a big deal--dark curtains, very dim lamp by the bedside, no tv on, etc.

  16. ON THE QUES­TION of how to ex­plain the black-white sleep gap it­self, re­search­ers have a num­ber of re­lated the­or­ies. (There is a con­sensus that in­nate bio­lo­gic­al dif­fer­ences between blacks and whites are not a factor.) The stress caused by dis­crim­in­a­tion is one strong pos­sib­il­ity.

    I like how they make a show of dismissing the most obvious factor. It’s not enough to just ignore it. They make sure to declare their fidelity to the One True Faith so no one gets any wild ideas. This is becoming so common people probably don’t notice it. The other day, National Review had a column up about new science! on the traditional family. Tucked in the middle was an ode to the glories of sodomite adoption.

    Speaking of your old employer, they had this up yesterday: http://www.global.nationalreview.com/article/426146/republican-party-black-voters

    The usual pattern in American life is the Left comes up with some new way to swing a wrecking ball through the culture. The “Right” then wrestles with how to accept it without being too obvious. Eventually, they “grudgingly” go along with it. That means “conservatives” in a cycle or two will be loudly demanding disparate impact be applied to everything.

    • Replies: @AndrewR
    @The Z Blog

    In the most recent NR issue there literally was an article about attracting more blacks to the GOP. There were paragraphs dedicated to advocating the end of policies with "disparate impact" on blacks.

    https://www.nationalreview.com/nrd/articles/425617/civil-rights-republicanism

    As an aside, it's juvenile and needlessly inflammatory to say things like "sodomite adoption." You appear to have the intellect to avoid saying things like that, so please do so.

    Replies: @Marcus

  17. Anon • Disclaimer says:

    “Seriously, as everybody knows, although of course it’s not mentioned in this article, black neighborhoods, at least before everybody moves out, tend to be LOUD.”

    I’m surprised blacks can get any sleep at all, what with all the negroes letting the good times roll all night long. I mean how do you sleep with Radio Raheem blasting his boom box?

    Spike Lee done complain that white gentrifiers be ‘racist’ for calling for a quieter neighborhood where folks could sleep.

    http://gawker.com/spike-lee-on-gentrification-you-cant-just-come-and-1531482382

    Other forms of ‘racism’ that need to be looked into:

    incontinence gap
    dental gap
    pimple gap
    ass wart gap
    cabbage ear gap
    runny nose gap
    STD gap
    leg cramp gap
    fat-ass improperly wiped smelly butt gap
    dandruff gap

    And bitching-about-everything-and-blaming-everyone-but-yourself gap.

  18. “Minority youth aged 8 to 18 consume an average of 13 hours of media content a day”

    They also sleep an average of 6 hours a day (per the other study mentioned). While it may not be accurate, I think it would be the absolute minimum (in other words, if it is in error-because the study didn’t actually study ‘youths’, or the sample was not representative-I would guess youths actually sleep more than 6 hours a day).

    They also (presumably) spend 8 hours a day in school, and travelling to/from school.

    This adds up to 27 hours per day. Even assuming minority youths do nothing else (shop, eat, bathe, go to the bathroom, get dressed, brush their teeth, talk to other people, etc etc) the study is mathematically impossible.

    But, it was peer reviewed, so I guess its good!

    joeyjoejoe

    • Replies: @5371
    @joeyjoejoe

    You are assuming that they are not "consuming media content" while in school.

    , @Saint Louis
    @joeyjoejoe

    Who says they aren't sleeping or on their smartphones while at school. For that matter, who says they are even going to school.

    Replies: @Buffalo Joe

    , @Buffalo Joe
    @joeyjoejoe

    JoeyJoeJoe....the ability of the media to grant legitimacy to flawed studies is legend. I keep in my desk drawer a study printed by the AP from the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, about feral and domestic cats and their staggering toll on birds and small mammals, including rabbits and squirrels. Using their numbers and averaging the high to low estimate of mammals and birds killed yearly you get a combined yearly average of 16.4 billion dead critters. So, if you were to divide that number by 5o states you would get 32.8 million deaths (murders actually, anti-cat study) per state, divide by 365 days and per state....89,863 per day per state....what? DeadBirdLivesMatter! So, I took the state number and divided by the 62 NY State counties and got 1450 birds and mammals per day in my Erie County. They never stated the number of feral and domestic (terrorist) cats in the study, too cost prohibitive. So, you are to believe this wildly improbable study or be a dolt. I put Electronic Ankle Monitors on my two cats...don't want to be a part of this slaughter. Wait, maybe there is more than 24 hours in a "Study" day.

    Replies: @Rob McX

  19. (There is a con­sensus that in­nate bio­lo­gic­al dif­fer­ences between blacks and whites are not a factor.) The stress caused by dis­crim­in­a­tion is one strong pos­sib­il­ity

    Anything is possible once you rule out reality.

  20. This is an impressive takedown of a very sad attempt by the Harvard types to make excuses for lack of sleep among blacks. Someone with an iota of common sense would know that the urban environment and poverty would have a direct impact on the quality of life in general. The TV/Media angle is a very clever theory for explaining this phenomena, it is well known that the excessive consumption of the blue light of the video screen causes insomnia. I just don’t understand how educated researchers would not consider this factor in their study, one can only surmise this is all for a political agenda.

  21. There is a consensus that innate biological differences between blacks and whites are not a factor.

    Ahhh, the “consensus”! One can never argue with the consensus. As ludicrous (or, perhaps, Ludacris) as this statement is, it’s telling that they felt the need to insert the disclaimer, rather than just assuming nobody would dare go there in their thought process.

    • Replies: @ChrisZ
    @peterike

    About that disclaimer "ruling out" biological differences: Should we be taking hope from it? As one commenter here pithily put it, when you rule out reality, anything else is possible. Is this some kind of unconscious admission that the rest of the article is nothing more than deluded thinking?

    Taken in earnest, an article like this reads as if it were written on another planet. But on reflection, it seems more like the pathetic gasp of a dying ideology, and less like a triumphal assertion of a regnant one. No doubt there's much more damage and stupidity to come from this ideology, which presently commands the heights. But you can only rule out reality for so long.

    , @AndrewR
    @peterike

    What's even more telling is the lack of evidence provided to the reader related to how said consensus was reached. Of course most people have been trained to not think critically about claims that dismiss the role of genetic factors in interracial differences in behavior or cognition.

  22. @Steve

    Earplugs – I find the wax ones best. Check ’em out; they block those high-frequency sounds that foam plugs can’t. Especially good if you have to contend with yapping dogs or you’re unlucky enough to get a hotel room within earshot of the kitchen.

    As for the black/white sleep gap, can I offer the following fact? The ringed seal, a favourite prey of the polar bear, must (obviously, or it’d drown) sleep on the ice. Whereas the average human sleep period is about eight hours, the ringed seal sleeps for eight seconds before waking up again with a start …

  23. There doze the neighborhood.

  24. Has anybody been following the recent tragic story of the white GE employee hacked to death in Dallas while jogging while white, by a crazed, Black, ex football player with a machete. The national media has been silent on this one. I have been following the story and the murdered man’s wife just committed suicide two weeks after her husband was attacked. Terrible, awful thing this is! That is the kind of stuff/racism that keeps me up at night!

    http://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/wife-slain-dallas-jogger-commits-suicide-police-article-1.2412484

    • Replies: @midtown
    @Michelle

    I had seen the original story but didn't see many details after that. I'm sorry to hear about his wife. The police also found a murdered white young woman very close by that apparently was unrelated(?).

  25. There is a con­sensus that in­nate bio­lo­gic­al dif­fer­ences between blacks and whites are not a factor.

    Thank Allah, there is consensus that IBDs are NOT a factor … but does that mean there are innate biological diffe … Wow! I can not even … just WOW?!? This is a major microaggresion, I’ll be up all night!

    • Agree: silviosilver
  26. The Ghost of White Racism Past.

  27. I guarantee that if the numbers were reversed, we’d be scouring the world for reasons that blacks were forced to sleep more and so had less time to raise to white standards of living. Early morning commutes would be racist.

    • Replies: @Wally
    @VFM 10

    Indeed, the excuse would be that blacks are escaping from the unfair rigors of supporting themselves.

  28. OT: Republicans have engineered their own Clock boy moment:

    http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/10/28/texas-seventh-grader-says-teacher-told-class-god-is-a-myth/

    Meanwhile, North Korea expressed deep concern that the schoolgirl put F (for “fact”) next to the statement “America is the most free country on earth.” “Such unabashed childhood poritical indoctrination is unbefitting of a country that claims to be a beacon of democracy,” said a government representative in Pyongyang. “It’s something onry we do,” he added.
    </irony>

  29. Black people tend to live near black people, I know if I was living among a lot of blacks….I wouldn’t sleep well either.

    • Replies: @Rob McX
    @Buffalo Joe


    I know if I was living among a lot of blacks….I wouldn’t sleep well either.
     
    In these circumstances, a Glock under your pillow would be better than any sleeping draught.
  30. @peterike
    There is a consensus that innate biological differences between blacks and whites are not a factor.

    Ahhh, the "consensus"! One can never argue with the consensus. As ludicrous (or, perhaps, Ludacris) as this statement is, it's telling that they felt the need to insert the disclaimer, rather than just assuming nobody would dare go there in their thought process.

    Replies: @ChrisZ, @AndrewR

    About that disclaimer “ruling out” biological differences: Should we be taking hope from it? As one commenter here pithily put it, when you rule out reality, anything else is possible. Is this some kind of unconscious admission that the rest of the article is nothing more than deluded thinking?

    Taken in earnest, an article like this reads as if it were written on another planet. But on reflection, it seems more like the pathetic gasp of a dying ideology, and less like a triumphal assertion of a regnant one. No doubt there’s much more damage and stupidity to come from this ideology, which presently commands the heights. But you can only rule out reality for so long.

  31. Well yes, crack cocaine does interfere with sleep.

    Of course blacks are spending more time with the “new media”; it takes them much longer to figure out how to use it.

    How is that blacks have TVs in bedrooms and expensive cable services? Aren’t they supposed to be “living in poverty”?

  32. @VFM 10
    I guarantee that if the numbers were reversed, we'd be scouring the world for reasons that blacks were forced to sleep more and so had less time to raise to white standards of living. Early morning commutes would be racist.

    Replies: @Wally

    Indeed, the excuse would be that blacks are escaping from the unfair rigors of supporting themselves.

  33. anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    They dismissed ‘innate biological differences’ right from the outset even though it’s the most obvious explanation thus whatever reasoning follows must necessarily be quack nonsense. It’s always a mind-freak to observe how really stupid supposedly smart, degreed people can be. If a person lives in a city with a lot of blacks and has extensive exposure to them then one thing they might notice is that blacks seem to nap lightly during the day quite a bit. On public transportation most seem to be dozing off while others are wide awake.

  34. Think of how much even more of a genius Ta-Nehisi Coates would be if only he weren’t up all night obsessing over what that white lady on the escalator really meant when she said, “Come on!”

    Yes, but I think it would be a crime to limit the sources of inspiration to America’s greatest living author of racial fiction – Tennessee Coates.

  35. @joeyjoejoe
    "Minority youth aged 8 to 18 consume an average of 13 hours of media content a day"

    They also sleep an average of 6 hours a day (per the other study mentioned). While it may not be accurate, I think it would be the absolute minimum (in other words, if it is in error-because the study didn't actually study 'youths', or the sample was not representative-I would guess youths actually sleep more than 6 hours a day).

    They also (presumably) spend 8 hours a day in school, and travelling to/from school.

    This adds up to 27 hours per day. Even assuming minority youths do nothing else (shop, eat, bathe, go to the bathroom, get dressed, brush their teeth, talk to other people, etc etc) the study is mathematically impossible.

    But, it was peer reviewed, so I guess its good!

    joeyjoejoe

    Replies: @5371, @Saint Louis, @Buffalo Joe

    You are assuming that they are not “consuming media content” while in school.

  36. I like how the authors conflate discrimination with perceived discrimination.

  37. @SPMoore8
    The reason for the Black/White Sleep Gap is because the Sandman is a racist.

    More seriously, this is all clearly subjective. A black person who feels discriminated against, according to the theory, will not sleep as well as a white person who receives nothing but affirmation for his superior status during the day. But what about the black person who doesn't feel discriminated against? Or the white person who does? Or gays? Or transgenders? And so on.

    Replies: @Flinders Petrie, @Chrisnonymous, @JohnnyWalker123

    There’s always epigenetics to fill in those troublesome areas where reality contradicts a bogus social justice hypothesis.

    • Agree: SPMoore8
  38. I used earplugs for a while and suspect a subtle decrease in oxygenation. May depend on individual physiology. Of course, all the little noises heard during sleep will disturb deep sleep and raise cortisol

    If blacks have lesser developed frontal lobes they may just not need as much sleep. Let’s say a cat gets as much sleep as it needs; it will only ever be as smart as a cat. This is to contrast with the other end of someone having lots of brain cells and having plenty to spare to robotically live a shadow of a life commensurate with a more average person.

    • Replies: @Yak-15
    @Difference Maker

    Ear plugs reduce oxygenation. . . I thought I was just imagining that. Is this supported medically? I've looked it up and cannot seem to find any hard evidence.

  39. @North Carolina Resident
    Black-out curtains help if you sleep during the day.

    Replies: @Cracker, @JohnnyGeo, @Stan D Mute, @Lugash, @NOTA

    An inside joke…

  40. The hypothesis that environmental noise is a factor could be easily tested by studying white sleep patterns in Manhattan, where even the thickest windows fail to keep out the racket of taxicab car horns constantly blaring, the sounds of which are blotted out only by Manhattan fire engines, whose sirens emit a weird kind of amplified screach/roar that seems to be announcing the apocalypse two or three times a night.

  41. @North Carolina Resident
    Black-out curtains help if you sleep during the day.

    Replies: @Cracker, @JohnnyGeo, @Stan D Mute, @Lugash, @NOTA

    Black-out curtains help if you sleep during the day.

    That’s r……too easy.

  42. I live in an old home right next to a major freeway. These sound panels are cheaper and more effective than double-paned windows. The house would be pretty much uninhabitable without them. http://www.magnetite.com/products/index.html

  43. Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    I have lived in a mostly black neighborhood for nearly 50 years. Until the late 80s the quality of life was excellent. I don’t know if this was a generational problem or an effect of the crack epidemic, but since then getting a good night’s sleep has become a real challenge.

    Three reasons: loud music, dogs, and sirens.

    Would love to see research about comparative levels of dog ownership. As crime increases in a community, people buy more dogs for protection. I had almost 12 years of living next door to three successive households that owned Rottweiler. People think nothing of leaving them outdoors overnight where their extremely loud and penetrating barking makes sleep impossible. It can get to be downright sadistic as just when you’re about to fall asleep, they start barking again.

    I know I can’t retire here, will live in 200 square feet if I have to, so long as it’s far, far, away from this disorder.

  44. @Astorian
    Maybe those kids playing midnight basketball ought to be home in bed.

    Replies: @Reg Cæsar, @E. Rekshun

    Maybe those kids playing midnight basketball ought to be home in bed.

    Unless they’re alone, that would cause even worse problems!

  45. “It’s un­com­fort­able for them to sleep be­cause they are think­ing back over mis­treat­ment, think­ing back over mal­treat­ment, think­ing back over bi­as the media tells them they ex­per­i­enced,”

    There, fixed it.

    Neigh­bor­hoods also ap­pear to mat­ter when it comes to sleep health.

    So black people are keeping other black people from getting a good night sleep. This is more black-on-black crime.

  46. @Grumpy Old Man
    Free Ambien for our dusky brethren.

    Replies: @E. Rekshun

    Nah, free ear-plugs.

  47. @Astorian
    Maybe those kids playing midnight basketball ought to be home in bed.

    Replies: @Reg Cæsar, @E. Rekshun

    Don’t hear too much about midnight basketball anymore. I wonder if this still exists or if it was just another social experiment failure.

  48. @Danindc
    That study obviously didn't factor in the black guy who lived across the hall from me in college. He slept a lot.

    Replies: @E. Rekshun, @Brutusale

    One former coworker, an extremely rare black software engineer, slept at his desk.

  49. There is a con­sensus that in­nate bio­lo­gic­al dif­fer­ences between blacks and whites are not a factor.

    I’m not the first one to notice this crimestop here.

    • Replies: @AndrewR
    @reiner Tor

    Indeed, my first thought upon seeing the study was "did they account for biological differences?"

    But they don't seem to mention how exactly they ruled out biological differences. I guess Goodthinkers aren't supposed to even question things like that. Everyone knows that saying things like "do you have proof that these racial differences don't have a genetic basis" makes one literally Hitler.

  50. You make a good point about loud neighborhoods. As you have said, the worst thing about being poor is having to live among other poor people. And in my experience they be noisy.

  51. @The Z Blog

    ON THE QUES­TION of how to ex­plain the black-white sleep gap it­self, re­search­ers have a num­ber of re­lated the­or­ies. (There is a con­sensus that in­nate bio­lo­gic­al dif­fer­ences between blacks and whites are not a factor.) The stress caused by dis­crim­in­a­tion is one strong pos­sib­il­ity.
     
    I like how they make a show of dismissing the most obvious factor. It's not enough to just ignore it. They make sure to declare their fidelity to the One True Faith so no one gets any wild ideas. This is becoming so common people probably don't notice it. The other day, National Review had a column up about new science! on the traditional family. Tucked in the middle was an ode to the glories of sodomite adoption.

    Speaking of your old employer, they had this up yesterday: http://www.global.nationalreview.com/article/426146/republican-party-black-voters

    The usual pattern in American life is the Left comes up with some new way to swing a wrecking ball through the culture. The "Right" then wrestles with how to accept it without being too obvious. Eventually, they "grudgingly" go along with it. That means "conservatives" in a cycle or two will be loudly demanding disparate impact be applied to everything.

    Replies: @AndrewR

    In the most recent NR issue there literally was an article about attracting more blacks to the GOP. There were paragraphs dedicated to advocating the end of policies with “disparate impact” on blacks.

    https://www.nationalreview.com/nrd/articles/425617/civil-rights-republicanism

    As an aside, it’s juvenile and needlessly inflammatory to say things like “sodomite adoption.” You appear to have the intellect to avoid saying things like that, so please do so.

    • Replies: @Marcus
    @AndrewR

    ...juvenile and needlessly inflammatory to say things like “sodomite adoption.”

    I don't see how it is either of those things.

    How would you phrase it differently?

    Replies: @AndrewR

  52. Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    Any time a social scientist proposes a causation for a correlation, it usually takes me less than 30 seconds to think up a potential causation in the other direction.

    They think discrimination may be causing lighter sleep, run the data and find a correlation. It can just as easily work in the other direction. If blacks sleep less (possibly because of TV, as you pointed out), then they may have higher paranoia caused by sleep deprivation. This can make them interpret the events of their life with aggression that wasn’t really there.

    They think living in crappy neighborhoods can be causing poor sleep. Having poor sleep habits can limit the quality of work you are capable of, which would result in lower income, which would limit the choices of neighborhoods you can live in.

    Can you imagine how different life would be if TV and internet had to be powered by exercise equipment?

  53. @reiner Tor

    There is a con­sensus that in­nate bio­lo­gic­al dif­fer­ences between blacks and whites are not a factor.
     
    I'm not the first one to notice this crimestop here.

    Replies: @AndrewR

    Indeed, my first thought upon seeing the study was “did they account for biological differences?”

    But they don’t seem to mention how exactly they ruled out biological differences. I guess Goodthinkers aren’t supposed to even question things like that. Everyone knows that saying things like “do you have proof that these racial differences don’t have a genetic basis” makes one literally Hitler.

  54. @North Carolina Resident
    Black-out curtains help if you sleep during the day.

    Replies: @Cracker, @JohnnyGeo, @Stan D Mute, @Lugash, @NOTA

    Black-out curtains help if you sleep during the day.

    Wait, what? Curtains? Around here you need 12′ walls with shards of glass embedded in the top and a pack of Rottweilers. Those must be some pretty heavy duty curtains you have!

  55. @joeyjoejoe
    "Minority youth aged 8 to 18 consume an average of 13 hours of media content a day"

    They also sleep an average of 6 hours a day (per the other study mentioned). While it may not be accurate, I think it would be the absolute minimum (in other words, if it is in error-because the study didn't actually study 'youths', or the sample was not representative-I would guess youths actually sleep more than 6 hours a day).

    They also (presumably) spend 8 hours a day in school, and travelling to/from school.

    This adds up to 27 hours per day. Even assuming minority youths do nothing else (shop, eat, bathe, go to the bathroom, get dressed, brush their teeth, talk to other people, etc etc) the study is mathematically impossible.

    But, it was peer reviewed, so I guess its good!

    joeyjoejoe

    Replies: @5371, @Saint Louis, @Buffalo Joe

    Who says they aren’t sleeping or on their smartphones while at school. For that matter, who says they are even going to school.

    • Replies: @Buffalo Joe
    @Saint Louis

    St Louis, There is a movement to start the school day later than the current start. Around here some suburban districts have classes that start at 720AM, catch the school bus before 700AM, so that's pretty damn early. Most business open at 800AM or 900Am., so kids sleeping at their is understandable. But your second point was just verified in a series by the Buffalo News. In the Buffalo School District an unbelievable one third of the students miss 20% of the school year or 20% x 180 days = 36 days or seven weeks of classes. That is a staggering amount of truancy. But on the other hand how can teachers say their classes are too crowded when on any given day 33% of the students are absent. Something to lose sleep over.

    Replies: @NOTA

  56. @peterike
    There is a consensus that innate biological differences between blacks and whites are not a factor.

    Ahhh, the "consensus"! One can never argue with the consensus. As ludicrous (or, perhaps, Ludacris) as this statement is, it's telling that they felt the need to insert the disclaimer, rather than just assuming nobody would dare go there in their thought process.

    Replies: @ChrisZ, @AndrewR

    What’s even more telling is the lack of evidence provided to the reader related to how said consensus was reached. Of course most people have been trained to not think critically about claims that dismiss the role of genetic factors in interracial differences in behavior or cognition.

  57. Eustace Tilley (not) [AKA "Schiller/Nietzsche"] says:
    @Harry Baldwin
    The only medium for which no difference was found between minority and white youth was reading print for pleasure. Young people in all groups read for pleasure approximately 30 to 40 minutes a day, the study finds.

    Can that possibly be true? Perhaps it was a multiple choice questionnaire and the lowest option above "never" was "30-40 minutes a day." Otherwise I find it unlikely. I think of the Chris Rock routine in which he said: "If you're afraid a [black person] will break into your house, and you wanna save your money, you know what you do? You put the money in a book. Cause [black people] don't read. Books are like kryptonite to a [black person] . 'Here's a book.' 'NOOOOOOOOO! NOOOOOOOOOOOOO! Not a book!"

    BTW, a commenter recently complained about the use of the expression "Because racism." That expression may have lost its novelty, but it will be hard to retire due to articles like this. There is but one acceptable explanation for all the problems that plague black people.

    Replies: @Eustace Tilley (not), @The Practical Conservative

    Harry, you smelled a rat here and you are so very right. I, too, refuse to believe that blacks spend half an hour per day “reading print for pleasure”.

    If one runs the experiment of riding city buses and looking at what people are doing, over 50% (black and white) are looking at their cell phones or listening to music through ear buds. One will sometimes see white women reading romance novels. One rarely sees blacks reading either a book, a newspaper, or a magazine on the bus. When do they read for pleasure, then? Not at home (where they are busy with electronic media). Not at school (where they read only to obey teacher’s orders).

    Electronic media are the lazy man’s way to be amused. Reading takes more effort and is therefore falling out of favor among both blacks and whites. Blacks are, in general, lazier than whites and more interested in avoiding effort (Farrakhan said, for example, that blacks don’t want to pick fruit because they already “picked enough cotton”).

    The moral of the tale: Always be skeptical of the claims of social “scientists”.

    • Agree: Jim Don Bob
  58. This explains how Ben Carson became a doctor. It is all making sense now.

  59. @North Carolina Resident
    Black-out curtains help if you sleep during the day.

    Replies: @Cracker, @JohnnyGeo, @Stan D Mute, @Lugash, @NOTA

    Disagree. In the city street lamps and car lights can cause light disturbances. Many condo/apartment complexes are lit up like crazy with security lights as well.

    (The decline in car alarms along with the decline in car theft has been a boon to city dwellers. Many of my most vivid memories of living in Chicago in the 1980s and 1990s involve car alarms.)

    One of the over looked benefits of cell phones is that they get rid of the “I’m coming over to your place, I’ll honk when I get there” thing.

    • Replies: @CJ
    @Lugash

    One of the over looked benefits of cell phones is that they get rid of the “I’m coming over to your place, I’ll honk when I get there” thing.

    Good point. Didn't get rid of it completely but definitely cut it down.

    , @Ivy
    @Lugash

    In simpler times, that honker would be dissuaded by a well-placed paintball shot.

    My buddy had similar success preventing Halloween vandalism, as the tagged miscreants were too embarrassed to raise a ruckus.

    , @Reg Cæsar
    @Lugash


    One of the over looked benefits of cell phones is that they get rid of the “I’m coming over to your place, I’ll honk when I get there” thing.

     

    One of the quietest urban neighborhoods I've been to was Brooklyn Heights in 2002. But I think that was less about cellphones than about the signs on every block that announced a $125 fine for using your horn. For anything.
  60. @whorefinder
    Everything about blacks makes me drink.

    Replies: @Lugash, @JohnnyWalker123

    The white liberal enablers, excuse theorists and apologists for black misbehavior drive me into a cold fury.

  61. The stress caused by discrimination is one possibility…

    Assuming it actually isn’t an innate biological difference, a more plausible source of stress is the continual drumbeat of discrimination propaganda. All we ever hear is how dangerous it is for black bodies in America: hunted down by rogue klansmen with police badges, forced to live in food deserts, rudely being told to “come on” by privileged white women…

    Blacks actually believe this. Vester Flanagan’s personal grievance conspiracy theory is right in line with leftist dogma on oppression in America.

    Wasn’t this the premise behind “The Talk?” If you really believed you were in constant danger of losing your life at the hands of roving bands of George Zimmermans, you’d be stressed too.

  62. WGG [AKA "World\'s Greatest Grandson"] says:

    Feeling discriminated against, eh? No need for evidence, just a feeling? There’s a diagnosis for that, and it plays heavily into a myriad of mental illnesses, which blacks also have at much higher rates than whites. Schizophrenia is a prime example. Mental illness is, like everything else in biology, highly heritable.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persecutory_delusion

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delusional_disorder

    • Replies: @NOTA
    @WGG

    How many questions do you suppose they asked, and which answers were they interested in finding?

  63. This stuff is driven by White religious competition to be the most holy. If Whites just didn’t care, one way or another, about Blacks then you would not see this. Any gaps would be met with shrugs like most people’s attitudes about curling.

    But the rise of the Volk Religion of Black Redemption of White Racism (or something) and the status competition among insecure Whites on the cusp of entering into the upper class or fearing they will fall out of it, creates huge intensity of “racism! racism! racism!” holy-status signaling.

    In traditional Catholic Italy, for example, social mobility was pretty low, so you didn’t see huge competitions to be the most holy. You were what you were. If in the Upper Class, you could be pretty confident you would not fall out of it; in the cusp, no matter what you could not enter so why bother trying?

    It is the UNCERTAINTY OF STATUS, fear of falling downwards, striving to move upwards, that creates such nonsense. I would say the FEAR is higher than the striving.

  64. Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    The reason you have stupid research papers like this is that there’s a huge incentive for researchers to put stuff out like this. Just like there’s a huge incentive to put out any kind of study or research that purports some sort of connection or relationship to climate change. So much of “Science” today is tied to direct or indirect government funding, or to institutions like universities with ties to government relations and funding, that the government’s political agenda and preferences, like climate change and “racial justice”, end up driving a lot of the “Science” being done. Researchers and academics need to publish, and there’s no incentive to publish things that challenge the”consensus”, and every incentive to publish dubious research that just confirms the government’s political goals.

    • Replies: @scrivener3
    @Anonymous


    The reason you have stupid research papers like this is that there’s a huge incentive for researchers to put stuff out like this.
     
    Of course, as I believe Ayn Rand pointed out: a government subsidy for science or the arts is a form of censorship.

    Free govt money for approved science/art, high taxes for the rich to pay their "fair share" to suppress private patronage.

  65. Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    I bought a big package of earplugs a while ago that I’m still working through. When I bought them, I just looked at the decibel ratings they had and picked the package with the greatest decibel reduction level. They were all of the same variety. I didn’t even know there are different varieties of earplugs aside from the different decibel ratings they have.

    Are there pros and cons of different kinds of earplugs? And is getting the greatest decibel reduction ideal, or is there a lower level that’s better?

    And is there a good rule of thumb for replacing earplugs that aren’t visibly dirty or have been dropped on a dirty floor, etc.? Obviously you don’t want to get an ear infection or something, but replacing them with each wear seems like kind of a waste.

    • Replies: @Ivy
    @Anonymous

    Foam earplugs are washable, so leave them in a pocket during the next laundry cycle.

    , @MarkinLA
    @Anonymous

    Some of them have harder foam than others. The ones I have now are very soft compared to those I bought years ago.

  66. @DavidB
    I sometimes wonder if black people actually have less sensitive hearing than whites. Otherwise how to explain not only their tolerance for very loud music (e.g. playing a boombox on max volume *inside a car*!), but also their tendency to walk down the street shouting at each other - not in anger, but just in 'normal' conversation.

    Replies: @AnAnon

    that’d be testable, and isn’t likely the case. On the other hand the status signal of being loud might be the desired message therein.

  67. “Think of how much even more of a genius Ta-Nehisi Coates would be…”

    FYI, his official name is now is “Genius T. Coates”.

    His upcoming comic book endeavor introduces a new super-hero, The Black Genius.

    • Replies: @G Pinfold
    @elmer


    His upcoming comic book endeavor introduces a new super-hero, The Black Genius.
     
    Our stereotype busting hero solves complex plots with his muscular intellect and mastery of mathematics, chess, classical music and physics.

    After a slow start, the writer opted to bring technical consultants Wong and Weinstein on board.
  68. “Another way, that’s also not mentioned in this article, for blacks to get more sleep is to turn off the TV.”

    BINGO!

  69. I have mentioned serving in an all-black Army unit in the 1970s. Could never get more than 3 hours sleep a night in the barracks. The brothers be loud and boisterous. Was not uncommon for a group of them to be shouting at one another for hours as if they were not listening to what each other said.

    Now they are all staring at their smarty-phones, which emits blue light that triggers the brain into staying awake. And this is white people’s fault?

  70. “My eth­nic group is of­ten cri­ti­cized in this coun­try.”

    WASP?

  71. @Lugash
    @North Carolina Resident

    Disagree. In the city street lamps and car lights can cause light disturbances. Many condo/apartment complexes are lit up like crazy with security lights as well.


    (The decline in car alarms along with the decline in car theft has been a boon to city dwellers. Many of my most vivid memories of living in Chicago in the 1980s and 1990s involve car alarms.)
     
    One of the over looked benefits of cell phones is that they get rid of the "I'm coming over to your place, I'll honk when I get there" thing.

    Replies: @CJ, @Ivy, @Reg Cæsar

    One of the over looked benefits of cell phones is that they get rid of the “I’m coming over to your place, I’ll honk when I get there” thing.

    Good point. Didn’t get rid of it completely but definitely cut it down.

  72. @Lugash
    @North Carolina Resident

    Disagree. In the city street lamps and car lights can cause light disturbances. Many condo/apartment complexes are lit up like crazy with security lights as well.


    (The decline in car alarms along with the decline in car theft has been a boon to city dwellers. Many of my most vivid memories of living in Chicago in the 1980s and 1990s involve car alarms.)
     
    One of the over looked benefits of cell phones is that they get rid of the "I'm coming over to your place, I'll honk when I get there" thing.

    Replies: @CJ, @Ivy, @Reg Cæsar

    In simpler times, that honker would be dissuaded by a well-placed paintball shot.

    My buddy had similar success preventing Halloween vandalism, as the tagged miscreants were too embarrassed to raise a ruckus.

  73. “There is a con­sensus that in­nate bio­lo­gic­al dif­fer­ences between blacks and whites are not a factor.”

    Is this a theological consensus, by any chance?

    Perhaps persons with a 97-word vocabulary, don’t need as much sleep as those persons with a natural penchant for abstract thought? It certainly seems plausible, seeing as how the distribution of these two varieties of people, are not even amongst the races.

  74. Now even evidence of equality between the races is evidence of racism. Black women now have an equal incidence of breast cancer:

    http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/10/29/a-grim-breast-cancer-milestone-for-black-women/

    “To me the bottom line of these statistics is the evidence that the health disparity between African-American and white women in the U.S. is still going strong,” said Kirsten Moysich, a professor of oncology at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, N.Y. “And it’s even more pronounced than previously reported.”

    No, it doesn’t have to make sense anymore, making sense isn’t even relevant. We’re racist because we’re racist, and every item of data is just a footnote supporting it.

  75. OT but interesting

    U.S. Government Uses Race Test for $80 Million in Payments
    Checks are ready for minority borrowers allegedly discriminated against on Ally Financial auto loans. The problem: Figuring out who is a minority

    The intersection of disparate impact, big data and race grievance

    http://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-uses-race-test-to-decide-who-to-pay-in-ally-auto-loan-pact-1446111002

  76. @Michelle
    Has anybody been following the recent tragic story of the white GE employee hacked to death in Dallas while jogging while white, by a crazed, Black, ex football player with a machete. The national media has been silent on this one. I have been following the story and the murdered man's wife just committed suicide two weeks after her husband was attacked. Terrible, awful thing this is! That is the kind of stuff/racism that keeps me up at night!

    http://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/wife-slain-dallas-jogger-commits-suicide-police-article-1.2412484

    Replies: @midtown

    I had seen the original story but didn’t see many details after that. I’m sorry to hear about his wife. The police also found a murdered white young woman very close by that apparently was unrelated(?).

  77. The report finds that minority children spend … 30 to 40 minutes more playing video games than their white counterparts.

    What does this do to the trope of the white nerd playing world of warcraft and d&d if blacks do it more? Is making fun of gamers racist? Its in the same category of serial killers and white collar crime; minorities are actually overrepresented.

    Given the rates of sexual promiscuity of blacks vis a vis whites, should we associate more gaming with more sex?

  78. @Lugash
    @North Carolina Resident

    Disagree. In the city street lamps and car lights can cause light disturbances. Many condo/apartment complexes are lit up like crazy with security lights as well.


    (The decline in car alarms along with the decline in car theft has been a boon to city dwellers. Many of my most vivid memories of living in Chicago in the 1980s and 1990s involve car alarms.)
     
    One of the over looked benefits of cell phones is that they get rid of the "I'm coming over to your place, I'll honk when I get there" thing.

    Replies: @CJ, @Ivy, @Reg Cæsar

    One of the over looked benefits of cell phones is that they get rid of the “I’m coming over to your place, I’ll honk when I get there” thing.

    One of the quietest urban neighborhoods I’ve been to was Brooklyn Heights in 2002. But I think that was less about cellphones than about the signs on every block that announced a $125 fine for using your horn. For anything.

  79. “I refused for years to try earplugs on the grounds that they would obviously keep me from falling asleep. ”

    Wait, what?

  80. @Harry Baldwin
    The only medium for which no difference was found between minority and white youth was reading print for pleasure. Young people in all groups read for pleasure approximately 30 to 40 minutes a day, the study finds.

    Can that possibly be true? Perhaps it was a multiple choice questionnaire and the lowest option above "never" was "30-40 minutes a day." Otherwise I find it unlikely. I think of the Chris Rock routine in which he said: "If you're afraid a [black person] will break into your house, and you wanna save your money, you know what you do? You put the money in a book. Cause [black people] don't read. Books are like kryptonite to a [black person] . 'Here's a book.' 'NOOOOOOOOO! NOOOOOOOOOOOOO! Not a book!"

    BTW, a commenter recently complained about the use of the expression "Because racism." That expression may have lost its novelty, but it will be hard to retire due to articles like this. There is but one acceptable explanation for all the problems that plague black people.

    Replies: @Eustace Tilley (not), @The Practical Conservative

    Nope, blacks as a group do read about as much as whites. There are many popular print black authors, a number of whom were self-publishing phenoms long before self-publishing online became easy with Amazon’s platform for that. But certainly the blacks who don’t read are much more, let us say open and up-front about it compared to non-reading whites.

    • Replies: @Lugash
    @The Practical Conservative

    No, whites read more than blacks and latinos.

    http://libraries.pewinternet.org/files/2012/04/Table-4.jpg

    Replies: @The Practical Conservative, @reiner Tor

  81. I would be very interested to see the data broken down by family type and metro area. It’s extremely likely there are huge gaps in sleep and media consumption in married-couple black households as compared to single-mother ones.

    And urban noise issues are well known, there’s extensive literature about noise pollution, much of which isn’t full of social justice yammering because noise pollution is actually terrible period.

  82. “One of the over looked benefits of cell phones is that they get rid of the ‘I’m coming over to your place, I’ll honk when I get there’ thing.”

    Where I grew those honks were known as Puerto Rican Doorbells.

    Despite the ubiquity of cell phones, those doorbells are still in use, at least where I live.

    • Replies: @anonymous-antiskynetist
    @Auntie Analogue

    Oh, they're still honking to let someone know they're there, with aftermarket horns that kick 200 dB.

  83. Where I grew those honks were known as Puerto Rican Doorbells.

    I LOL’d at that. In less salubrious countries, they’re known as the Third World Brake Pedal.

  84. For the last 12 years I’ve lived in a large Mexican city in the central mountains. In a middle class neighborhood. Roof dogs barking 24/7, vehicles with blown mufflers, vendors screaming from speakers on car roofs, and daily fireworks are only the beginning.

    I own five fans and four sound machines. I really wouldn’t be able to live down here without them. I have no a.c. so the fans are used for both cooling and sound masking.

    The Marsona (Marpac) sound machine I received as a birthday gift 26 years ago is still working great. I’m very excited about this awesome travel sound machine I just picked up:

    This thing can roar incredibly loud. Just fan or white noise. None of that bird chirping or crickets.

    I sometimes use this website when working at home:

    https://simplynoise.com/

    Mack’s silicon are the best ear plugs, although I probably won’t need to use them again with the new sound machine. I only used them when I traveled. I put one-half of a plug in the ear not on the pillow.

    http://www.macksearplugs.com/products/pillow-soft-earplugs-6-pair-value

    • Replies: @Lot
    @Pepe

    My problem with white noise machines is that they don't produce the very low pitch hum that fans and AC units do.

    I think they'd need to be large and have some sort of subwoofer and I've never seen one like this.

    Replies: @Pepe

  85. WhatEvvs [AKA "Internet Addict"] says:

    Our society has become a caricature of itself.

    Spot on about TV: our brains did not evolve to watch TV. And to watch TV before sleeping is crazy.

    Get that TV out of the bedroom, in fact, leave a couple of hours between the tube and time you go to sleep. You know what else helps? Have a physically demanding, manual labor job.

  86. http://goo.gl/CbYdlW — 10 pairs for $2. Swimmers silicone earplugs. Keep water out and noise too. They don’t get dirty like the foam. I bought some.

    I also have some of these swimmers earplugs. Mack’s AquaBlock Earplugs. Expensive so don’t misplace. Solid silicone construction. http://goo.gl/N07Eut.

  87. @Buffalo Joe
    Black people tend to live near black people, I know if I was living among a lot of blacks....I wouldn't sleep well either.

    Replies: @Rob McX

    I know if I was living among a lot of blacks….I wouldn’t sleep well either.

    In these circumstances, a Glock under your pillow would be better than any sleeping draught.

  88. @Pepe
    For the last 12 years I've lived in a large Mexican city in the central mountains. In a middle class neighborhood. Roof dogs barking 24/7, vehicles with blown mufflers, vendors screaming from speakers on car roofs, and daily fireworks are only the beginning.

    I own five fans and four sound machines. I really wouldn't be able to live down here without them. I have no a.c. so the fans are used for both cooling and sound masking.

    The Marsona (Marpac) sound machine I received as a birthday gift 26 years ago is still working great. I'm very excited about this awesome travel sound machine I just picked up:

    http://www.amazon.com/LectroFan-Sound-White-Machine-Travel/dp/B00IT8LQJY

    This thing can roar incredibly loud. Just fan or white noise. None of that bird chirping or crickets.

    I sometimes use this website when working at home:

    https://simplynoise.com/

    Mack's silicon are the best ear plugs, although I probably won't need to use them again with the new sound machine. I only used them when I traveled. I put one-half of a plug in the ear not on the pillow.

    http://www.macksearplugs.com/products/pillow-soft-earplugs-6-pair-value

    Replies: @Lot

    My problem with white noise machines is that they don’t produce the very low pitch hum that fans and AC units do.

    I think they’d need to be large and have some sort of subwoofer and I’ve never seen one like this.

    • Replies: @Pepe
    @Lot

    I know what you mean about the need for the deep bass sound. But I'm not sure which sound machines you've looked at. My 26 year old Marsona, that I actually did take to Europe with me in 1994, has a bass and treble adjustment. And the choice of waterfall or rain. Waterfall is more bass. The thing is deep bass enough so that I use rain and have the bass at about half.

    The new Lectrofan one I just bought blew me away with the deep hum sound. It has white noise and fan sound, but each has ten settings. The fan setting has ten different fan sounds, with different types of blades or motors imitated. The white noise goes from a treble hiss to deep bass. I don't know how they do it with such a small device, but without approaching the limit of volume or bass, the thing is way beyond the deep or bass hum I need to sleep in a noisy neighborhood.

    .....Oh I almost forgot, the train is going by right now. That's right, I live about three blocks from a train crossing. You getting the idea why I need this thing?

  89. These studies were conducted under lab conditions, so it hasn’t anything to do with immediate environmental effects–unless of course those things mentioned, louder brighter neighborhoods, television on in bedroom, etc, have the effect of making the lab environs that much more unnatural to blacks. But I doubt all environmental explanations, and if it is stress, more likely it’s the stress of living among other louder, less trustworthy blacks, not this imagined angst about societal discrimination.

    Isn’t there another theory out there explaining away IQ differences as resulting from the exhausting effects of living in the hood and having a greater multitude of things to worry about? Brooks or Friedman was pimping it–hard to tell the two apart sometimes. So laughable; one of the things whites envy most about blacks is their apparent lack of perturbation, while we are supposed to be “uptight” worriers.
    I’m just racist enough to think it’s correlated to cognitive differences; think more deeply, sleep more deeply. They should just go ahead and match sleep patterns against IQ. Or, it’s a warm weather/cold weather adaptation. Maybe on the Savannah, sharing environment with more and bigger predators, it’s a better adaptation to be more easily roused from sleep.

    • Replies: @Chrisnonymous
    @Dennis Dale

    Yeah, that's an interesting point about the predators... I listened to an interview with a retired Navy SeAL who said he still wakes up every day at 4:00am and the first thought in his head is that there is a guy out there with a bomb and a plan to kill him...

  90. @The Practical Conservative
    @Harry Baldwin

    Nope, blacks as a group do read about as much as whites. There are many popular print black authors, a number of whom were self-publishing phenoms long before self-publishing online became easy with Amazon's platform for that. But certainly the blacks who don't read are much more, let us say open and up-front about it compared to non-reading whites.

    Replies: @Lugash

    No, whites read more than blacks and latinos.

    • Replies: @The Practical Conservative
    @Lugash

    There's a different reading survey Sailer posted about a while back showing blacks read about 12 books per year and whites read about 13, IIRC. I can't find the study in my downloads right now, but it should be mentioned in my comment history, I commented about it with another commenter named "Matt". I think it was Pew Research too, it was more recent than the weirdly bucketed one you're referencing.

    Replies: @Lugash, @Steve Sailer

    , @reiner Tor
    @Lugash

    I think it also matters what you read. I'm also not sure if reading comics is considered "reading" in these surveys.

  91. @Jean Cocteausten
    African-Americans are usually the LEAST worried people in any group. If they worried as much as other races, they would have better lives in the long run.

    Replies: @gregor

    Yeah, they always just assert these things. Similarly, I’ve heard many times that minorities have low self esteem due to racism, stereotype threat, etc., but surveys show black children actually have the highest self esteem, confidence, and self regard.

  92. Don’t know about elsewhere, but I live in all-Dominican upper Manhattan and I can tell you that the reason no one is sleeping here between May and November is that males 18-50 are drinking rum,slamming down dominoes (while bellowing “BOOM!”) blasting music, honking horns, tuning the engines of their crotch rockets, hootin & hollerin, playing street baseball, dancing, smoking weed and in general making a @#$% load of noise until 5am every night of warm weather.

  93. @Auntie Analogue

    "One of the over looked benefits of cell phones is that they get rid of the 'I’m coming over to your place, I’ll honk when I get there' thing."

     

    Where I grew those honks were known as Puerto Rican Doorbells.

    Despite the ubiquity of cell phones, those doorbells are still in use, at least where I live.

    Replies: @anonymous-antiskynetist

    Oh, they’re still honking to let someone know they’re there, with aftermarket horns that kick 200 dB.

  94. You can always tell when a black- owned television is broken. It’s off. I’m a landlord and I’m just barely joking.

    • Replies: @Danindc
    @Anonymous

    Lo freakin L. Thank you for that Doug Paige

  95. @SPMoore8
    The reason for the Black/White Sleep Gap is because the Sandman is a racist.

    More seriously, this is all clearly subjective. A black person who feels discriminated against, according to the theory, will not sleep as well as a white person who receives nothing but affirmation for his superior status during the day. But what about the black person who doesn't feel discriminated against? Or the white person who does? Or gays? Or transgenders? And so on.

    Replies: @Flinders Petrie, @Chrisnonymous, @JohnnyWalker123

    The real issue is simple failure to address correlation-causation… Maybe more neurotic blacks focus on racial issues and have a harder time sleeping. Maybe if they gave their participants other questionaires, they would find other correlations too…

  96. @Dennis Dale
    These studies were conducted under lab conditions, so it hasn't anything to do with immediate environmental effects--unless of course those things mentioned, louder brighter neighborhoods, television on in bedroom, etc, have the effect of making the lab environs that much more unnatural to blacks. But I doubt all environmental explanations, and if it is stress, more likely it's the stress of living among other louder, less trustworthy blacks, not this imagined angst about societal discrimination.

    Isn't there another theory out there explaining away IQ differences as resulting from the exhausting effects of living in the hood and having a greater multitude of things to worry about? Brooks or Friedman was pimping it--hard to tell the two apart sometimes. So laughable; one of the things whites envy most about blacks is their apparent lack of perturbation, while we are supposed to be "uptight" worriers.
    I'm just racist enough to think it's correlated to cognitive differences; think more deeply, sleep more deeply. They should just go ahead and match sleep patterns against IQ. Or, it's a warm weather/cold weather adaptation. Maybe on the Savannah, sharing environment with more and bigger predators, it's a better adaptation to be more easily roused from sleep.

    Replies: @Chrisnonymous

    Yeah, that’s an interesting point about the predators… I listened to an interview with a retired Navy SeAL who said he still wakes up every day at 4:00am and the first thought in his head is that there is a guy out there with a bomb and a plan to kill him…

  97. @Lugash
    @The Practical Conservative

    No, whites read more than blacks and latinos.

    http://libraries.pewinternet.org/files/2012/04/Table-4.jpg

    Replies: @The Practical Conservative, @reiner Tor

    There’s a different reading survey Sailer posted about a while back showing blacks read about 12 books per year and whites read about 13, IIRC. I can’t find the study in my downloads right now, but it should be mentioned in my comment history, I commented about it with another commenter named “Matt”. I think it was Pew Research too, it was more recent than the weirdly bucketed one you’re referencing.

    • Replies: @Lugash
    @The Practical Conservative

    Probably this one:

    https://news.yahoo.com/most-likely-person-read-book-college-educated-black-171300157.html

    I can see college educated black women as big readers(e.g. Stella Got Her Groove Back) but I would go with my gut overall.

    Replies: @The Practical Conservative

    , @Steve Sailer
    @The Practical Conservative

    The Atlanta metro area does well in rankings of bookishness.

    Replies: @inertial

  98. @The Practical Conservative
    @Lugash

    There's a different reading survey Sailer posted about a while back showing blacks read about 12 books per year and whites read about 13, IIRC. I can't find the study in my downloads right now, but it should be mentioned in my comment history, I commented about it with another commenter named "Matt". I think it was Pew Research too, it was more recent than the weirdly bucketed one you're referencing.

    Replies: @Lugash, @Steve Sailer

    Probably this one:

    https://news.yahoo.com/most-likely-person-read-book-college-educated-black-171300157.html

    I can see college educated black women as big readers(e.g. Stella Got Her Groove Back) but I would go with my gut overall.

    • Replies: @The Practical Conservative
    @Lugash

    http://www.pewinternet.org/2014/01/16/a-snapshot-of-reading-in-america-in-2013/

    It was this one.

  99. @AndrewR
    @The Z Blog

    In the most recent NR issue there literally was an article about attracting more blacks to the GOP. There were paragraphs dedicated to advocating the end of policies with "disparate impact" on blacks.

    https://www.nationalreview.com/nrd/articles/425617/civil-rights-republicanism

    As an aside, it's juvenile and needlessly inflammatory to say things like "sodomite adoption." You appear to have the intellect to avoid saying things like that, so please do so.

    Replies: @Marcus

    …juvenile and needlessly inflammatory to say things like “sodomite adoption.”

    I don’t see how it is either of those things.

    How would you phrase it differently?

    • Replies: @AndrewR
    @Marcus

    Adoption by gay/same-sex/homosexual couples.

    "Sodomite" has an obviously derogatory connotation.

    No matter what one's feelings about gays or any related issues, there is absolutely nothing to gain by alienating gays and their friends, but there is a lot to lose. Gays are not ideologically monolithic and many of us want nothing more than to be able to discreetly live lives true to themselves in a legal and dignified manner. Personally I can't stand most of the Gay Pride types. Most of them are basically radical feminists with dicks. Many gays abhor the degeneracy understandably associated with the gay lifestyle (pride parades, etc), and many have no need to call their relationships "marriage." As for adoption, I think straights should take precedence but it's very hard to argue that a child would be better off in the foster system or in an orphanage than in a stable, loving house with gay adopted parents. As for natural birth, I strongly oppose gay couples choosing to have biological children but I'm not sure it should (or could) be legislated against.

    But I'm digressing here. My main point is that no person who actually cares about effecting political change can afford to alienate gays at this point in time. Certainly a couple generations ago there was very little cost to alienating a group that largely lived in the shadows and had few defenders. And no one knows what sort of fate the future holds for gays in terms of political power and visibility. But undoubtedly at this point in time no serious political movement can afford to use language that would alienate essentially all gays.

    Replies: @The Z Blog

  100. @Saint Louis
    @joeyjoejoe

    Who says they aren't sleeping or on their smartphones while at school. For that matter, who says they are even going to school.

    Replies: @Buffalo Joe

    St Louis, There is a movement to start the school day later than the current start. Around here some suburban districts have classes that start at 720AM, catch the school bus before 700AM, so that’s pretty damn early. Most business open at 800AM or 900Am., so kids sleeping at their is understandable. But your second point was just verified in a series by the Buffalo News. In the Buffalo School District an unbelievable one third of the students miss 20% of the school year or 20% x 180 days = 36 days or seven weeks of classes. That is a staggering amount of truancy. But on the other hand how can teachers say their classes are too crowded when on any given day 33% of the students are absent. Something to lose sleep over.

    • Replies: @NOTA
    @Buffalo Joe

    I bet a bunch of those kids were getting nothing at all out of school even when they were there. It may be a crime, but it's pretty understandable when a guy with an IQ of 70 who can't read or multiply two digit numbers skips the algebra 2 and Shakespeare for a day now and then.

  101. I don’t suppose anyone thought of bench marking there data by actually going Africa and checking the sleep levels of native Africans.

    Oh wait they simple wrote off HBD could be any possibility, as Roseanne Roseannadanna used to say on SNL “nevermind”

    • Replies: @Danindc
    @George Taylor

    Good point but I think that was Emily Litella.

    Steve, you should start up a separate blog about ear plugs. Split your time between the two...

  102. @Anonymous
    You can always tell when a black- owned television is broken. It's off. I'm a landlord and I'm just barely joking.

    Replies: @Danindc

    Lo freakin L. Thank you for that Doug Paige

  103. @SPMoore8
    The reason for the Black/White Sleep Gap is because the Sandman is a racist.

    More seriously, this is all clearly subjective. A black person who feels discriminated against, according to the theory, will not sleep as well as a white person who receives nothing but affirmation for his superior status during the day. But what about the black person who doesn't feel discriminated against? Or the white person who does? Or gays? Or transgenders? And so on.

    Replies: @Flinders Petrie, @Chrisnonymous, @JohnnyWalker123

    I feel the term “sandman” seems vaguely racist against people of Middle Eastern descent.

    http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=sand+monkey

    • Replies: @SPMoore8
    @JohnnyWalker123

    I am guessing you jest about the Sandman being a slur on Middle Easterners, although I am sure that some hyperventilating person will declare such any day now; just thinking how the brilliant analogy of "tar baby" was proscribed some years ago because it was "racist", even if it is one of the few valuable concepts to emerge from Southern AA culture.

    Just for the record the Sandman has a long history in Europe, but since it appears, from browsing the entries in other languages, to be primarily a figure of German folklore, you are probably right that it is vaguely racist and must be eliminated from all SJW discourse.

    Replies: @JohnnyWalker123, @Reg Cæsar

  104. @whorefinder
    Everything about blacks makes me drink.

    Replies: @Lugash, @JohnnyWalker123

    I’d think Arabs would have the most trouble sleeping. They seem pissed off 24/7.

  105. @North Carolina Resident
    Black-out curtains help if you sleep during the day.

    Replies: @Cracker, @JohnnyGeo, @Stan D Mute, @Lugash, @NOTA

    The ability to really control the light level in your bedroom is a big deal–dark curtains, very dim lamp by the bedside, no tv on, etc.

  106. @Anonymous
    I bought a big package of earplugs a while ago that I'm still working through. When I bought them, I just looked at the decibel ratings they had and picked the package with the greatest decibel reduction level. They were all of the same variety. I didn't even know there are different varieties of earplugs aside from the different decibel ratings they have.

    Are there pros and cons of different kinds of earplugs? And is getting the greatest decibel reduction ideal, or is there a lower level that's better?

    And is there a good rule of thumb for replacing earplugs that aren't visibly dirty or have been dropped on a dirty floor, etc.? Obviously you don't want to get an ear infection or something, but replacing them with each wear seems like kind of a waste.

    Replies: @Ivy, @MarkinLA

    Foam earplugs are washable, so leave them in a pocket during the next laundry cycle.

  107. @WGG
    Feeling discriminated against, eh? No need for evidence, just a feeling? There's a diagnosis for that, and it plays heavily into a myriad of mental illnesses, which blacks also have at much higher rates than whites. Schizophrenia is a prime example. Mental illness is, like everything else in biology, highly heritable.



    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persecutory_delusion

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delusional_disorder

    Replies: @NOTA

    How many questions do you suppose they asked, and which answers were they interested in finding?

  108. @Anonymous
    The reason you have stupid research papers like this is that there's a huge incentive for researchers to put stuff out like this. Just like there's a huge incentive to put out any kind of study or research that purports some sort of connection or relationship to climate change. So much of "Science" today is tied to direct or indirect government funding, or to institutions like universities with ties to government relations and funding, that the government's political agenda and preferences, like climate change and "racial justice", end up driving a lot of the "Science" being done. Researchers and academics need to publish, and there's no incentive to publish things that challenge the"consensus", and every incentive to publish dubious research that just confirms the government's political goals.

    Replies: @scrivener3

    The reason you have stupid research papers like this is that there’s a huge incentive for researchers to put stuff out like this.

    Of course, as I believe Ayn Rand pointed out: a government subsidy for science or the arts is a form of censorship.

    Free govt money for approved science/art, high taxes for the rich to pay their “fair share” to suppress private patronage.

  109. @Buffalo Joe
    @Saint Louis

    St Louis, There is a movement to start the school day later than the current start. Around here some suburban districts have classes that start at 720AM, catch the school bus before 700AM, so that's pretty damn early. Most business open at 800AM or 900Am., so kids sleeping at their is understandable. But your second point was just verified in a series by the Buffalo News. In the Buffalo School District an unbelievable one third of the students miss 20% of the school year or 20% x 180 days = 36 days or seven weeks of classes. That is a staggering amount of truancy. But on the other hand how can teachers say their classes are too crowded when on any given day 33% of the students are absent. Something to lose sleep over.

    Replies: @NOTA

    I bet a bunch of those kids were getting nothing at all out of school even when they were there. It may be a crime, but it’s pretty understandable when a guy with an IQ of 70 who can’t read or multiply two digit numbers skips the algebra 2 and Shakespeare for a day now and then.

  110. The most deplorable one [AKA "Fourth doorman of the apocalypse"] says:

    Quentin Tarantino says:

    if you believe there’s murder going on then you need to rise up and stand up against it. I’m here to say I’m on the side of the murdered.

    I wonder if he expressed those same views with respect to Channon Christian and Christoper Newsom?

    • Replies: @Steve Sailer
    @The most deplorable one

    Who hasn't noticed from watching Tarantino's movies his profound sympathy for the victims of violence and his disgust at the perpetrators of violence?

  111. @The most deplorable one
    Quentin Tarantino says:

    if you believe there’s murder going on then you need to rise up and stand up against it. I’m here to say I’m on the side of the murdered.
     
    I wonder if he expressed those same views with respect to Channon Christian and Christoper Newsom?

    Replies: @Steve Sailer

    Who hasn’t noticed from watching Tarantino’s movies his profound sympathy for the victims of violence and his disgust at the perpetrators of violence?

  112. @JohnnyWalker123
    @SPMoore8

    I feel the term "sandman" seems vaguely racist against people of Middle Eastern descent.

    http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=sand+monkey

    Replies: @SPMoore8

    I am guessing you jest about the Sandman being a slur on Middle Easterners, although I am sure that some hyperventilating person will declare such any day now; just thinking how the brilliant analogy of “tar baby” was proscribed some years ago because it was “racist”, even if it is one of the few valuable concepts to emerge from Southern AA culture.

    Just for the record the Sandman has a long history in Europe, but since it appears, from browsing the entries in other languages, to be primarily a figure of German folklore, you are probably right that it is vaguely racist and must be eliminated from all SJW discourse.

    • Replies: @JohnnyWalker123
    @SPMoore8

    The term "hard worker" is now considered racist.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XKdtAxXGh-Y

    Replies: @SPMoore8

    , @Reg Cæsar
    @SPMoore8

    Mr. Sandman bring us a dream
    Give him a pair of eyes with a come-hither gleam
    Give him a lonely heart like Pagliacci
    And lots of wavy hair like Liberace


    Liberace?

    Replies: @Harry Baldwin

  113. Well, seems to me everyone is overlooking the fact that the best time of day for stealing hubcaps, hiding from cops, pimpin’ hos, and getting yo baby mama pregnant, etc. is the middle of the night.

  114. @Lot
    @Pepe

    My problem with white noise machines is that they don't produce the very low pitch hum that fans and AC units do.

    I think they'd need to be large and have some sort of subwoofer and I've never seen one like this.

    Replies: @Pepe

    I know what you mean about the need for the deep bass sound. But I’m not sure which sound machines you’ve looked at. My 26 year old Marsona, that I actually did take to Europe with me in 1994, has a bass and treble adjustment. And the choice of waterfall or rain. Waterfall is more bass. The thing is deep bass enough so that I use rain and have the bass at about half.

    The new Lectrofan one I just bought blew me away with the deep hum sound. It has white noise and fan sound, but each has ten settings. The fan setting has ten different fan sounds, with different types of blades or motors imitated. The white noise goes from a treble hiss to deep bass. I don’t know how they do it with such a small device, but without approaching the limit of volume or bass, the thing is way beyond the deep or bass hum I need to sleep in a noisy neighborhood.

    …..Oh I almost forgot, the train is going by right now. That’s right, I live about three blocks from a train crossing. You getting the idea why I need this thing?

  115. @Difference Maker
    I used earplugs for a while and suspect a subtle decrease in oxygenation. May depend on individual physiology. Of course, all the little noises heard during sleep will disturb deep sleep and raise cortisol

    If blacks have lesser developed frontal lobes they may just not need as much sleep. Let's say a cat gets as much sleep as it needs; it will only ever be as smart as a cat. This is to contrast with the other end of someone having lots of brain cells and having plenty to spare to robotically live a shadow of a life commensurate with a more average person.

    Replies: @Yak-15

    Ear plugs reduce oxygenation. . . I thought I was just imagining that. Is this supported medically? I’ve looked it up and cannot seem to find any hard evidence.

  116. My impression is that individual sleep patterns are pretty idiosyncratic, so I’m not aware of strong racial differences. In theory, however, it seems possible that people whose relatively recent ancestors had been evolving in tropical climates where only mad dogs and Englishmen don’t nap during the noonday sun would be less well-suited to the Anglo-American schedule of 16 hours up without a nap followed by 8 hours down than would people whose ancestors invented that schedule. Most of the world is, or was, on some kind of Siesta Schedule, so the Angl0-American No Nap Schedule might be less natural for people not from northwestern Europe. But that’s just speculation.

    Apparently the 8 hour sleep is a phenomenon that’s only taken hold since the invention of artificial light.

    http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-16964783

    • Replies: @SPMoore8
    @Hawkwood

    Yes, we discussed this before, there is the phenomenon of "second sleep" that was once noteworthy, people went to sleep when it got dark, then got up late, and were up for a few hours, and then back to sleep until dawn.

    I think Siesta culture makes a lot of sense, that is, if you are going to eat your main meal at midday. When I am at home or on the weekend I will very typically take a nap for a half hour sometime in the afternoon. It's as rejuvenating as more coffee.

    Replies: @slumber_j

  117. Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    Somehow this thread reminded me of the time you or somebody posted the video of Spike Lee going off at some townhall meet, in defense (I think?) of loud impromptu midnight drum circles in Fort Green (sp?). It was just so outlandish to my own experience as to be extremely funny pondering that scenario. Incidentally the best sleep I’ve had was living in a 3rd floor apt. in upper Manhattan with the window open in the late 90s. For me it’s some weird combo of noise & barometric pressure, cuz light steady rain also works (not drizzling, not a downpour).

  118. @Hawkwood

    My impression is that individual sleep patterns are pretty idiosyncratic, so I’m not aware of strong racial differences. In theory, however, it seems possible that people whose relatively recent ancestors had been evolving in tropical climates where only mad dogs and Englishmen don’t nap during the noonday sun would be less well-suited to the Anglo-American schedule of 16 hours up without a nap followed by 8 hours down than would people whose ancestors invented that schedule. Most of the world is, or was, on some kind of Siesta Schedule, so the Angl0-American No Nap Schedule might be less natural for people not from northwestern Europe. But that’s just speculation.
     
    Apparently the 8 hour sleep is a phenomenon that's only taken hold since the invention of artificial light.

    http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-16964783

    Replies: @SPMoore8

    Yes, we discussed this before, there is the phenomenon of “second sleep” that was once noteworthy, people went to sleep when it got dark, then got up late, and were up for a few hours, and then back to sleep until dawn.

    I think Siesta culture makes a lot of sense, that is, if you are going to eat your main meal at midday. When I am at home or on the weekend I will very typically take a nap for a half hour sometime in the afternoon. It’s as rejuvenating as more coffee.

    • Replies: @slumber_j
    @SPMoore8

    Having lived for years in Andalusia, I can confirm that the siesta is a wonder drug. I'm pretty sure it allows you to operate happily on significantly less sleep overall.

    The really hardcore Spaniards don pajamas for their afternoon nap, which always struck me as an eminently civilized habit.

  119. @George Taylor
    I don't suppose anyone thought of bench marking there data by actually going Africa and checking the sleep levels of native Africans.

    Oh wait they simple wrote off HBD could be any possibility, as Roseanne Roseannadanna used to say on SNL "nevermind"

    Replies: @Danindc

    Good point but I think that was Emily Litella.

    Steve, you should start up a separate blog about ear plugs. Split your time between the two…

  120. @SPMoore8
    @JohnnyWalker123

    I am guessing you jest about the Sandman being a slur on Middle Easterners, although I am sure that some hyperventilating person will declare such any day now; just thinking how the brilliant analogy of "tar baby" was proscribed some years ago because it was "racist", even if it is one of the few valuable concepts to emerge from Southern AA culture.

    Just for the record the Sandman has a long history in Europe, but since it appears, from browsing the entries in other languages, to be primarily a figure of German folklore, you are probably right that it is vaguely racist and must be eliminated from all SJW discourse.

    Replies: @JohnnyWalker123, @Reg Cæsar

    The term “hard worker” is now considered racist.

    • Agree: SPMoore8
    • Replies: @SPMoore8
    @JohnnyWalker123

    That is the funniest clip I have seen in some time: A Hispanic attempts to promote a white man, and in the process describes him as a "hard worker", a black woman takes over and delivers a lecture on the hard unrewarding work done by subjugated blacks. Self-feeding frenzy.

    His response was, "That's very unfair." It should have been, "Now just a cotton pickin' minute, Ms Harris Perry!"

    NB: Melissa H-P is the person designated as "America's most foremost public intellectual" by Ta Nehisi Coates.

  121. @Lugash
    @The Practical Conservative

    Probably this one:

    https://news.yahoo.com/most-likely-person-read-book-college-educated-black-171300157.html

    I can see college educated black women as big readers(e.g. Stella Got Her Groove Back) but I would go with my gut overall.

    Replies: @The Practical Conservative

  122. @Marcus
    @AndrewR

    ...juvenile and needlessly inflammatory to say things like “sodomite adoption.”

    I don't see how it is either of those things.

    How would you phrase it differently?

    Replies: @AndrewR

    Adoption by gay/same-sex/homosexual couples.

    “Sodomite” has an obviously derogatory connotation.

    No matter what one’s feelings about gays or any related issues, there is absolutely nothing to gain by alienating gays and their friends, but there is a lot to lose. Gays are not ideologically monolithic and many of us want nothing more than to be able to discreetly live lives true to themselves in a legal and dignified manner. Personally I can’t stand most of the Gay Pride types. Most of them are basically radical feminists with dicks. Many gays abhor the degeneracy understandably associated with the gay lifestyle (pride parades, etc), and many have no need to call their relationships “marriage.” As for adoption, I think straights should take precedence but it’s very hard to argue that a child would be better off in the foster system or in an orphanage than in a stable, loving house with gay adopted parents. As for natural birth, I strongly oppose gay couples choosing to have biological children but I’m not sure it should (or could) be legislated against.

    But I’m digressing here. My main point is that no person who actually cares about effecting political change can afford to alienate gays at this point in time. Certainly a couple generations ago there was very little cost to alienating a group that largely lived in the shadows and had few defenders. And no one knows what sort of fate the future holds for gays in terms of political power and visibility. But undoubtedly at this point in time no serious political movement can afford to use language that would alienate essentially all gays.

    • Replies: @The Z Blog
    @AndrewR


    My main point is that no person who actually cares about effecting political change can afford to alienate gays at this point in time.
     
    So let's just put them in charge and be done with it. Handing a veto to 2-3% of the population with a sexual abnormality sounds like a great way to run a country.
  123. @JohnnyWalker123
    @SPMoore8

    The term "hard worker" is now considered racist.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XKdtAxXGh-Y

    Replies: @SPMoore8

    That is the funniest clip I have seen in some time: A Hispanic attempts to promote a white man, and in the process describes him as a “hard worker”, a black woman takes over and delivers a lecture on the hard unrewarding work done by subjugated blacks. Self-feeding frenzy.

    His response was, “That’s very unfair.” It should have been, “Now just a cotton pickin’ minute, Ms Harris Perry!”

    NB: Melissa H-P is the person designated as “America’s most foremost public intellectual” by Ta Nehisi Coates.

  124. @SPMoore8
    @JohnnyWalker123

    I am guessing you jest about the Sandman being a slur on Middle Easterners, although I am sure that some hyperventilating person will declare such any day now; just thinking how the brilliant analogy of "tar baby" was proscribed some years ago because it was "racist", even if it is one of the few valuable concepts to emerge from Southern AA culture.

    Just for the record the Sandman has a long history in Europe, but since it appears, from browsing the entries in other languages, to be primarily a figure of German folklore, you are probably right that it is vaguely racist and must be eliminated from all SJW discourse.

    Replies: @JohnnyWalker123, @Reg Cæsar

    Mr. Sandman bring us a dream
    Give him a pair of eyes with a come-hither gleam
    Give him a lonely heart like Pagliacci
    And lots of wavy hair like Liberace

    Liberace?

    • Agree: SPMoore8
    • Replies: @Harry Baldwin
    @Reg Cæsar

    Austin Powers: Yeah, and I can't believe Liberace was gay. I mean, women loved him! I didn't see that one coming.

  125. I remember reading somewhere that among whites introverts usually sleep more than extroverts so if blacks are more extroverted than whites they probably won’t sleep as much.

  126. @Reg Cæsar
    @SPMoore8

    Mr. Sandman bring us a dream
    Give him a pair of eyes with a come-hither gleam
    Give him a lonely heart like Pagliacci
    And lots of wavy hair like Liberace


    Liberace?

    Replies: @Harry Baldwin

    Austin Powers: Yeah, and I can’t believe Liberace was gay. I mean, women loved him! I didn’t see that one coming.

  127. anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    “They should just go ahead and match sleep patterns against IQ”

    Speaking of speculation, I think the amount of sleep people get during certain periods of their life (in particular as teenagers) might be found to correlate with IQ. That is, the more good sleep, the higher the IQ (up to a maximum of course). This might have a bearing on the Flynn effect. Perhaps in the days before things like air conditioning, indoor plumbing, good screen doors and windows, modern mattresses, and individual rooms for kids, kids just didn’t sleep that well. Perhaps the Flynn effect is beginning to reverse itself because today we have 24-hour TV & internet, games, etc..

  128. @Rob McX
    I've tried just about every type of earplug and I think the silicon ones are by far the best. You can pick off as much as you want from the plug (they're usually too big) and mould it to your preferred shape. There's a trick in inserting them to maximum effect. You gently pull your ear wider as you put it in and then let it close around it when it's in place, to ensure all the air is expelled and none gets trapped behind the plug. Then you bed them in gently ten minutes later when they're warmer and softer.

    Replies: @Olorin

    I spent the first two and a half decades of my life in a 70% black Rust Belt city today known as the most dangerous city in its state, and one of the most dangerous in the nation (in terms of violent crime and homicide rates).

    It would be suicidal to wear earplugs to sleep there. In fact sleeping soundly 8 hours or whatever a night was precisely one of the things that led to many whites being victims of graveyard shift home invasions in the 1970s.

    So yeah, let’s talk about racism and sleep patterns, but let’s do it from a perspective other than the elites who live in very safe, very quiet neighborhoods. Part of the reason urban blacks don’t sleep well is they’re listening to hear whether cousin Shitavious is breaking into the house again, or Daya’wa’naynay is creeping into the room to steal their wallet. That’s still HBD…but in a more indirect way.

    Sidebar: re: “triggering” events, the Summer of Ferguson was pretty rough on me. With the wall to wall media coverage of the same stuff we lived through in the late 1960s, I found my sleep patterns becoming disrupted to the point where I was sleeping not very deeply and waking up with every brainwave cycle. For me about every 90 minutes. Took me most of the winter to get back to my post-Bell-Curve-City-life sleep cycles.

    This was how I slept all through college and grad school. The first thing I remember noticing about moving to a safe city far away was that I was sleeping so much better, and waking rested.

    I’d like to see some discussion of the PBSD (post-Bantu stress disorder) suffered by those of us who found it hard to afford “white flight,” or never managed that. There’s surely a lot of sleep research to be done among the law abiding residents of Ferguson and its environs.

  129. @The Practical Conservative
    @Lugash

    There's a different reading survey Sailer posted about a while back showing blacks read about 12 books per year and whites read about 13, IIRC. I can't find the study in my downloads right now, but it should be mentioned in my comment history, I commented about it with another commenter named "Matt". I think it was Pew Research too, it was more recent than the weirdly bucketed one you're referencing.

    Replies: @Lugash, @Steve Sailer

    The Atlanta metro area does well in rankings of bookishness.

    • Replies: @inertial
    @Steve Sailer

    A couple of years ago I saw a black person reading a Malcolm Gladwell book. That was on a plane to Atlanta.

  130. Anon • Disclaimer says:

    The paper in question has 6 variables. Of these only three show a race/sleep quality correlation (after controlling for health/SES). Of these 3 only one shows any real correlation between perceived racism and sleep quality. The actual effect is very small. It would be more honest to say that perceived racism has somewhere between no effect and an extremely weak effect on sleep quality. Perhaps the writer doesn’t understand this.

  131. Germany were the defending champions in ’94. Italy came third in ’90, beating my boys in the playoff.

  132. @Lugash
    @The Practical Conservative

    No, whites read more than blacks and latinos.

    http://libraries.pewinternet.org/files/2012/04/Table-4.jpg

    Replies: @The Practical Conservative, @reiner Tor

    I think it also matters what you read. I’m also not sure if reading comics is considered “reading” in these surveys.

  133. What I’ve always found works really well for me is being completely deaf in my right ear, Brian Wilson-style. Just bury your good ear in the pillow, and Bob’s your uncle. Plus, you hear these mini-symphonies in your head all the time–which is slightly maddening, but more pleasant than you might think.

    Just kidding about the symphonies, mostly. The actual bonus is that you only get half as bored at dinner parties.

  134. @SPMoore8
    @Hawkwood

    Yes, we discussed this before, there is the phenomenon of "second sleep" that was once noteworthy, people went to sleep when it got dark, then got up late, and were up for a few hours, and then back to sleep until dawn.

    I think Siesta culture makes a lot of sense, that is, if you are going to eat your main meal at midday. When I am at home or on the weekend I will very typically take a nap for a half hour sometime in the afternoon. It's as rejuvenating as more coffee.

    Replies: @slumber_j

    Having lived for years in Andalusia, I can confirm that the siesta is a wonder drug. I’m pretty sure it allows you to operate happily on significantly less sleep overall.

    The really hardcore Spaniards don pajamas for their afternoon nap, which always struck me as an eminently civilized habit.

    • Agree: SPMoore8
  135. This gives me my new jab tweet response when called racist for noticin’
    “you sleepy, bro?”

  136. Always interesting going out for 10:30 pm or later movie and seeing African American mothers out with children under ten. Many movie theaters by where I used to live had to adapt a rule that no kids under 12 could be admitted to R movie after 8pm

  137. @pasadena
    You buried the lede.

    http://www.northwestern.edu/newscenter/stories/2011/06/media-usa-youth-wartella.html

    This media report, if correct, is astonishing. It suggests a vast retreat from nature and education, and the advent of a media-enslaved generation.

    I see it everywhere, not only in the U.S., as I am currently in Italy. People of all ages filtering their entire lives through smartphones and electronic devices. Simply detached from their environments and Umwelt.

    Replies: @J1234

    http://www.northwestern.edu/newscenter/stories/2011/06/media-usa-youth-wartella.html

    This media report, if correct, is astonishing. It suggests a vast retreat from nature and education, and the advent of a media-enslaved generation.

    Unless their nature is to be enslaved by the media.

  138. @Danindc
    That study obviously didn't factor in the black guy who lived across the hall from me in college. He slept a lot.

    Replies: @E. Rekshun, @Brutusale

    Asleep or on the nod?

  139. @Anonymous
    I bought a big package of earplugs a while ago that I'm still working through. When I bought them, I just looked at the decibel ratings they had and picked the package with the greatest decibel reduction level. They were all of the same variety. I didn't even know there are different varieties of earplugs aside from the different decibel ratings they have.

    Are there pros and cons of different kinds of earplugs? And is getting the greatest decibel reduction ideal, or is there a lower level that's better?

    And is there a good rule of thumb for replacing earplugs that aren't visibly dirty or have been dropped on a dirty floor, etc.? Obviously you don't want to get an ear infection or something, but replacing them with each wear seems like kind of a waste.

    Replies: @Ivy, @MarkinLA

    Some of them have harder foam than others. The ones I have now are very soft compared to those I bought years ago.

  140. @AndrewR
    @Marcus

    Adoption by gay/same-sex/homosexual couples.

    "Sodomite" has an obviously derogatory connotation.

    No matter what one's feelings about gays or any related issues, there is absolutely nothing to gain by alienating gays and their friends, but there is a lot to lose. Gays are not ideologically monolithic and many of us want nothing more than to be able to discreetly live lives true to themselves in a legal and dignified manner. Personally I can't stand most of the Gay Pride types. Most of them are basically radical feminists with dicks. Many gays abhor the degeneracy understandably associated with the gay lifestyle (pride parades, etc), and many have no need to call their relationships "marriage." As for adoption, I think straights should take precedence but it's very hard to argue that a child would be better off in the foster system or in an orphanage than in a stable, loving house with gay adopted parents. As for natural birth, I strongly oppose gay couples choosing to have biological children but I'm not sure it should (or could) be legislated against.

    But I'm digressing here. My main point is that no person who actually cares about effecting political change can afford to alienate gays at this point in time. Certainly a couple generations ago there was very little cost to alienating a group that largely lived in the shadows and had few defenders. And no one knows what sort of fate the future holds for gays in terms of political power and visibility. But undoubtedly at this point in time no serious political movement can afford to use language that would alienate essentially all gays.

    Replies: @The Z Blog

    My main point is that no person who actually cares about effecting political change can afford to alienate gays at this point in time.

    So let’s just put them in charge and be done with it. Handing a veto to 2-3% of the population with a sexual abnormality sounds like a great way to run a country.

  141. @joeyjoejoe
    "Minority youth aged 8 to 18 consume an average of 13 hours of media content a day"

    They also sleep an average of 6 hours a day (per the other study mentioned). While it may not be accurate, I think it would be the absolute minimum (in other words, if it is in error-because the study didn't actually study 'youths', or the sample was not representative-I would guess youths actually sleep more than 6 hours a day).

    They also (presumably) spend 8 hours a day in school, and travelling to/from school.

    This adds up to 27 hours per day. Even assuming minority youths do nothing else (shop, eat, bathe, go to the bathroom, get dressed, brush their teeth, talk to other people, etc etc) the study is mathematically impossible.

    But, it was peer reviewed, so I guess its good!

    joeyjoejoe

    Replies: @5371, @Saint Louis, @Buffalo Joe

    JoeyJoeJoe….the ability of the media to grant legitimacy to flawed studies is legend. I keep in my desk drawer a study printed by the AP from the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, about feral and domestic cats and their staggering toll on birds and small mammals, including rabbits and squirrels. Using their numbers and averaging the high to low estimate of mammals and birds killed yearly you get a combined yearly average of 16.4 billion dead critters. So, if you were to divide that number by 5o states you would get 32.8 million deaths (murders actually, anti-cat study) per state, divide by 365 days and per state….89,863 per day per state….what? DeadBirdLivesMatter! So, I took the state number and divided by the 62 NY State counties and got 1450 birds and mammals per day in my Erie County. They never stated the number of feral and domestic (terrorist) cats in the study, too cost prohibitive. So, you are to believe this wildly improbable study or be a dolt. I put Electronic Ankle Monitors on my two cats…don’t want to be a part of this slaughter. Wait, maybe there is more than 24 hours in a “Study” day.

    • Replies: @Rob McX
    @Buffalo Joe

    The only way that study could be right is if the body count included micro-organisms.

    Replies: @Buffalo Joe

  142. You know what? That comment was wrong of me and offensive to autists. What autists lack in social intuition they tend to make up in logical thinking. But that doesnt seem to be your forte either. Read up on what a “false dichotomy” is and let the grownups talk politics.

  143. Funny. Just this week I had to drive around a black guy who had fallen asleep at the wheel in the drive-thru line. Good to know it was YT’s fault.

    I sometimes wonder if black people actually have less sensitive hearing than whites.

    From what I read, it’s the opposite, blacks have better vision and hearing (and sense of smell?) than whites. Probably runs black>white>yellow.

    This stuff is driven by White religious competition to be the most holy. If Whites just didn’t care, one way or another, about Blacks then you would not see this. Any gaps would be met with shrugs like most people’s attitudes about curling.

    But the rise of the Volk Religion of

    Tikkun Olam.

    The ability to really control the light level in your bedroom is a big deal–dark curtains, very dim lamp by the bedside, no tv on, etc.

    I believe the general term is “sleep hygiene.”

    Who hasn’t noticed from watching Tarantino’s movies his profound sympathy for the victims of violence and his disgust at the perpetrators of violence?

    Tarantino’s elevator doesn’t stop at all the floors. He’s a few bricks shy of a load. His engine isn’t running on all eight cylinders. He’s a few sandwiches shy of a picnic. Etc.

  144. @elmer
    "Think of how much even more of a genius Ta-Nehisi Coates would be..."

    FYI, his official name is now is "Genius T. Coates".

    His upcoming comic book endeavor introduces a new super-hero, The Black Genius.

    Replies: @G Pinfold

    His upcoming comic book endeavor introduces a new super-hero, The Black Genius.

    Our stereotype busting hero solves complex plots with his muscular intellect and mastery of mathematics, chess, classical music and physics.

    After a slow start, the writer opted to bring technical consultants Wong and Weinstein on board.

  145. @Buffalo Joe
    @joeyjoejoe

    JoeyJoeJoe....the ability of the media to grant legitimacy to flawed studies is legend. I keep in my desk drawer a study printed by the AP from the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, about feral and domestic cats and their staggering toll on birds and small mammals, including rabbits and squirrels. Using their numbers and averaging the high to low estimate of mammals and birds killed yearly you get a combined yearly average of 16.4 billion dead critters. So, if you were to divide that number by 5o states you would get 32.8 million deaths (murders actually, anti-cat study) per state, divide by 365 days and per state....89,863 per day per state....what? DeadBirdLivesMatter! So, I took the state number and divided by the 62 NY State counties and got 1450 birds and mammals per day in my Erie County. They never stated the number of feral and domestic (terrorist) cats in the study, too cost prohibitive. So, you are to believe this wildly improbable study or be a dolt. I put Electronic Ankle Monitors on my two cats...don't want to be a part of this slaughter. Wait, maybe there is more than 24 hours in a "Study" day.

    Replies: @Rob McX

    The only way that study could be right is if the body count included micro-organisms.

    • Replies: @Buffalo Joe
    @Rob McX

    Formerly Rob McX, true, my cats are hell on flies and moths and the occasional spider too....but the Study, from this group of biologists claimed 20.7 BILLION mammals ! And no one questioned it.

  146. @Rob McX
    @Buffalo Joe

    The only way that study could be right is if the body count included micro-organisms.

    Replies: @Buffalo Joe

    Formerly Rob McX, true, my cats are hell on flies and moths and the occasional spider too….but the Study, from this group of biologists claimed 20.7 BILLION mammals ! And no one questioned it.

  147. @Steve Sailer
    @The Practical Conservative

    The Atlanta metro area does well in rankings of bookishness.

    Replies: @inertial

    A couple of years ago I saw a black person reading a Malcolm Gladwell book. That was on a plane to Atlanta.

  148. Oddly, this putative problem doesn’t seem to be one blacks–who are socially encouraged to bellyache loudly about perceived problems and suffered injustices–have any self-awareness of.

    In 2010 and 2014, the GSS asked respondents how often they’ve had trouble getting to sleep or staying asleep in the past year. The percentages among whites (n = 1,802), blacks (n = 354), and Hispanics (n = 127) who answered either “often” or “sometimes”:

    White — 57.5%
    Black — 48.4%
    Hispanic — 55.2%

    Curiously, the ordering runs in the opposite direction of what the oppression narrative would suggest. Perhaps it’s the guilt weighing on whites and the clean consciences blacks enjoy that allow the latter to sleep better than the former despite the disadvantages they suffer in terms of poverty, discrimination, and loud music!

    The item contains four possible responses–often, sometimes, rarely, never. If we just look at “often”, we get 23.1% for whites, 15.8% for blacks, and 19.1% for Hispanics. If we go the other direction and look at “never” responses, we get 17.0% for whites, 21.9% for blacks, and 21.9% for Hispanics.

    No matter how it is sliced, blacks report significantly less trouble sleeping well than whites do.

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