Nigeria, like China, has regional affirmative action quotas for college admissions. (Now that I think of it, America has different cutoffs by state on the PSAT for the National Merit Scholarship.) That’s a pretty interesting subject, but one that’s hard for Americans to think about since we don’t know much about differences within these large countries. Plus, the American press has largely dropped the topic of affirmative action as being too hard to square with The Narrative of white privilege, unless affirmative action is in front of the courts at the moment.
iSteve commenter Res points out that affirmative action is still a thing in Nigeria:
There was still a similar policy in 2013.
The test scores are different now (200 possible vs. 400). The link above has a list of NCEE cutoffs for each state/locality. And the fun part (don’t tell the SJWs, because some of the female cutoffs are higher so they might have a stroke) is for some states they have different male/female cutoffs.
The differences in the cutoff scores are staggering (range from 2 – 139). Our little ~1 SD boost for blacks looks trivial in comparison.
I wonder how useful these score cutoffs are for making inferences about the IQ of different groups in Nigeria.
P.S. If you are interested in learning more about this, search for “nigeria federal character”.
For example: https://www.legit.ng/1174879-what-federal-character-principle-nigeria.html
From there: “The federal character was stated in Nigeria’s 1999 Constitution.”
From the Nigerian Vanguard article:
From the 2013 National Common Entrance Examinations cut-off marks made available to Vanguard, while Anambra State was assigned a cut-off of 139, Imo 138, Lagos 133, and Delta 131; educationally-disadvantaged states like Taraba had 3 for males and 11 for females, Sokoto 9 for males and 13 for females; and Zamfara 4 for males and 2 for females.
I hope those are being scored on a scale where the average score is ranked as zero, because otherwise …
Citing an example with Anambra State, he said in the 2012 examination, “out of 6,000 candidates that made the national cut-off, Anambra State had the lion’s share. However, if all Anambra candidates are admitted, there will be no unity colleges.” John identified low investment in education in the north as an issue. He said: “Due to very low investment in education in the north, the children are clearly more disadvantaged educationally than those from the south so sometimes you find that if you want to apply strict rules across the board, you may end up excluding people from certain parts of the country so I think the spirit of the rule is so that we can have a representation from all parts of the country because it may be unfair if you exclude certain people.”
Nigeria’s low-scoring north is heavily Muslim. In general, Islam correlates with lower test scores, although no doubt there are exceptions here and there around the world.
NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL (NECO)
2013 National Common Entrance Examinations (NCEE)
Table 3: Cut-Off Marks Based on State/Locality
SN STATE MALE FEMALE
1 ABIA 130 130
2 ADAMAWA 62 62
3 AKWA IBOM 123 123
4 ANAMBRA 139 139
5 BAUCHI 35 35
6 BENUE 111 111
7 BORNO 45 45
8 CROSS RIVER 97 97
9 DELTA 131 131
10 EDO 127 127
11 ENUGU 134 134
12 IMO 138 138
13 JIGAWA 44 44
14 KADUNA 91 91
15 KANO 67 67
16 KATSINA 60 60
17 KEBBI 9 20
18 KOGI 119 119
19 KWARA 123 123
20 LAGOS 133 133
21 NIGER 93 93
22 OGUN 131 131
23 ONDO 126 126
24 OSUN 127 127
25 OYO 127 127
26 PLATEAU 90 90
27 RIVER 118 118
28 SOKOTO 9 13
29 TARABA 3 11
30 YOBE 2 27
31 FCT 90 90
32 BAYELSA 72 72
33 EBONYI 112 112
34 EKITI 119 119
35 GOMBE 58 58
36 NASARAWA 75 75
37 ZAMFARA 4 2
From Wikipedia on Anambra state in Nigeria’s fertile southeast:
The indigenous ethnic groups in Anambra state are the Igbo (98% of population)…
Anambra is the eighth-most populated state in the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the second-most densely populated state in Nigeria after Lagos State. The stretch of more than 45 km between the towns of Oba and Amorka contains a cluster of numerous thickly populated villages and small towns, giving the area an estimated average density of 1,500–2,000 persons per square kilometre.
Anambra is rich in natural gas, crude oil, bauxite, and ceramic. It has an almost 100 percent arable soil.
Anambra state has many other resources in terms of agro-based activities such as fisheries and farming, as well as land cultivated for pasturing and animal husbandry.
It has the lowest poverty rate in Nigeria.
So, a lot of good things are going on here.
Anambra, unlike much of Africa, has really good soil, which allows a high population density. In the Cochran-Harpending theory of Ashkenazi intelligence, IQ and urbanization are positively correlated. Much of Africa was not densely populated until recently, however.
I’ve read a description of an island in Lake Victoria with no sleeping sickness disease and no major wildlife, where the way of life resembles a village in southeast Asia: hardworking, well-organized peasant farmers who use up every inch of land and bump up against the Malthusian ceiling. I wouldn’t be surprised if Anambra is a little like that, but I don’t know.
The apparently lowest scoring state in Nigeria is Zamfara in the northwest, up against the Niger border. Niger is kind of the bottom of the world’s barrel country, with most rapid population growth. From Wikipedia:
Zamfara is a state in northwestern Nigeria. …
Zamfara is populated with the Hausa and Fulani peoples. …
Islam is the principal and major religion of the state. Zamfara was the first state in Nigeria to introduce Sharia law during the regime of Ahmad Sani Yerima, the former Governor of the state.