From Medical Xpress:
Tall tale: world-beating Dutch are getting shorter
by Danny Kemp
This article has a lot of fun facts in it.
SEPTEMBER 17, 2021
Despite new data showing a generation of shorter people, the Netherlands remains the tallest country in the world.
The world’s tallest country is shrinking.
The generation of Dutch people born in 2001 is shorter than the one born in 1980, a study by the country’s statistics office said on Friday.
Lofty Dutch 19-year-old men currently measure an average of 182.9 cm (six feet) tall, and women are on average 169.3 cm (five feet seven inches) tall.
Factors including immigration and diet are likely to be responsible for the change in height, which reverses a century and a half of rapid growth, the study said. …
“The men born in 2001 were on average 1 cm shorter than the generation from 1980, women 1.4 cm on average.” …
Dutchmen rank first above Montenegro, Estonia and Bosnia, while the women are above Montenegro, Denmark and Iceland, it said, citing 2020 figures from the Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factor Collaboration, a global network of health scientists.
The smallest men are in East Timor while the smallest women are in Guatemala.
The full reasons for the Dutch comedown are not entirely clear.
One reason was immigration, “especially of people with a non-Western background”, whom the study said tend to be smaller on average.
But growth had also “stagnated” among Dutch people whose parents and grandparents were born in the Netherlands, it said.
Men had not got any taller since 1980 while there was a “downward trend” among women.
That could be because of a “biological limit” but was also likely linked to “unhealthy eating habits and excessive energy intake in the growing up phase”.
The study was based on self-measurements of 719,000 Dutch people aged 19 to 60.
Self-measurements sound kind of unreliable, although I’d probably trust the Dutch to do it right as much as anybody. Also, self-measurement allows huge sample sizes.
The Dutch were not always so lanky.
At the start of the 19th century they were small by European standards and only started to shoot up in the 1840s.
Even a century ago the United States and Scandinavia produced the tallest men, and it was not until the generation born in the late 1950s that the Dutch took the title.
I don’t think I ever heard that the Dutch were exceptionally tall until the 1990s. It was not a stereotype when I was young, as far as I can remember.
The question of why the Dutch are so tall remains unclear. …