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But blacks have been driving worse since Ferguson, and especially since Floyd, as shown by their traffic fatality rates, so they should have been pulled over more.

And if they had been stopped and searched in proportion to their increased bad driving and increased homicides, then the cops would have arrested more due to their packing more guns.

So it’s pretty clear that blacks now face a lower risk relative to their rate of violations.

As for blacks driving worse due to opioid use from 2015 onward, that’s an interesting possibility. On the other hand, whites used a lot of opioids in 2000 to 2015 with little noticeable effect on traffic or homicide fatalities. Case and Deaton called opioids one of the main causes of deaths of despair among the white working class. In contrast, the Ferguson and especially Floyd Effects on murders and car crashes look more like Deaths of Exuberance.

In any case, this is a brave paper to blame the recent sudden rises in black traffic fatalities on black behavior rather than on slavery, Jim Crow, redlining, and racist roads.



From Intelligence:

Volume 96, January–February 2023, 101708

Ongoing trends of human intelligence
GerhardMeisenberg, RichardLynn

The aim of the study is to estimate the most recent trends of intelligence world-wide. We find that the most recent studies report mainly positive Flynn effects in economically less developed countries, but trivial and frequently negative Flynn effects in the economically most advanced countries. This is confirmed by an analysis of 48 countries in the 2000–2018 PISA tests, showing that high pre-existing IQ and school achievement are the best predictors of declining test scores. IQ gaps between countries are still large (e.g., 19 IQ points in PISA between East Asia and South Asia) but are diminishing world-wide. We predict that these trends, observed in adolescents today, will reduce cognitive gaps between the working-age populations of countries and world regions during coming decades. As is predicted by the well-established relationship between intelligence and economic growth, there is already evidence that the ongoing cognitive convergence is paralleled by global economic convergence. These developments raise questions as to how long this cognitive and economic convergence will continue, whether it will eliminate cognitive and economic gaps between countries entirely, and whether a condition with high levels of cognitive ability and economic prosperity is sustainable long-term.


From the Washington Post:

‘Opening the gates of hell’: Musk says he will revive banned accounts

The Twitter chief says he will reinstate accounts suspended for threats, harassment and misinformation beginning next week

By Taylor Lorenz
Updated November 24, 2022 at 6:14 p.m. EST

Elon Musk plans to reinstate nearly all previously banned Twitter accounts — to the alarm of activists and online trust and safety experts.

After posting a Twitter poll asking, “Should Twitter offer a general amnesty to suspended accounts, provided that they have not broken the law or engaged in egregious spam?” in which 72.4 percent of the respondents voted yes, Musk declared, “Amnesty begins next week.”


From The Times of London:

Westminster council rebrand dubs minorities ‘global majority’
James Beal, Social Affairs Editor
Friday November 25 2022, 12.01am GMT, The Times

Westminster council has replaced the term “black, Asian and minority ethnic” (Bame) with the phrase “global majority”.

BAME is like BIPOC in Canada and the US, but it’s falling out of fashion in Britain for reasons.

Westminster Council is the Labour-run local government that runs the City of Westminster, a municipality of a quarter of a million people at the absolute heart of London. It’s home to the Houses of Parliament, Big Ben, and about 100 other tourist attractions.

The Labour-run council said it had made a commitment to take serious action to be more diverse and inclusive. …

However, Sir John Hayes, of the Common Sense Group of Conservative MPs, said: “Minorities and majorities are about the context — you can’t use the term ‘majority’ out of context and assume it affords some sort of accurate description.

“The distortion of language is at the heart of the liberal left agenda. The malevolent minority that control too much of Britain wish to control and limit language as a precursor to limit what people think. It is deeply sinister and must be resisted at every turn.”

Westminster council made the change after questions were asked about how minorities should best be described, stemming from the death in 2020 of George Floyd in the US and the rise of the Black Lives Matters movement.

Rosemary Campbell-Stephens, a visiting fellow at the Institute of Education at University College London who coined the term ‘global majority’, wrote in 2020 that it “encourages those so-called to think of themselves as belonging to the majority on Planet Earth”.

She added: “It refers to people who are black, African, Asian, brown, dual-heritage, indigenous to the global south, and or [who] have been racialised as ‘ethnic minorities’.

“Globally these groups represent approximately 80 per cent of the world’s population, making them the global majority.”

The Left long sacralized minorities, but the Great Replacement has made so much headway, that it is now starting to sacralize majorities.


From a Twitter thread by Penn criminologist Aaron Chalfin:

How admissions to top universities in the US really works as revealed by a simple comparison between one of NYC’s top public high schools (Stuyvesant HS) and one of NYC’s top private high schools (Horace Mann School). A short thread with some basic descriptive statistics 👇👇
5:10 AM · Nov 26, 2022

Stuyvesant is a STEM-focused public New York high school that admits solely on admission test score. It’s about 70% Asian, often poorer immigrant children. Horace Mann is a famous old expensive private school that’s about 20% Asian.

At @StuyNY, a public magnet school where nearly half of students qualify for NYC’s free or reduced price lunch program (<$50K for a family of 4 with NYC cost-of-living), the middle 50% of SAT scores are 1490-1560. See:

At @HMSchool, a private school where tuition is $60k/year (and where 85% of families pay the full tuition cost), the middle 50% of SAT scores (summing the interquartile ranges for each section) are 1380-1540. See:

At Stuyvesant HS, the top college destinations are NYU, SUNY Stony Brook, CUNY-Hunter College and SUNY Binghamton. See:

Top 20:

Stuyvesant High School Classes of 2016-2019 Matriculations

1) NYU – 305
2) SUNY, Stony Brook – 277
3) CUNY, Hunter – 205
4) SUNY, Binghamton – 199
5) Cornell – 193
6) CUNY, Baruch – 135
7) UChicago – 100
8) SUNY, Buffalo – 89
9) Boston U – 84
10) Fordham – 70
11) Michigan* – 66 to 70
12) Carnegie Mellon – 64
13) Rensselaer Polytechnic – 52
14) St. Johns – 51
15) MIT – 42
16) Harvard – 41
17) CUNY, City* – 38 to 42
18) RIT – 37
19) Yale – 35
20) Princeton – 34

8.5 are public, with most in New York State and giving New York residents a sizable tuition break. #1 NYU is private, as is #7 U. of Chicago. #5 Cornell is mostly private.

At the Horace Mann School, more than 1/3 of students are admitted to an Ivy League university and the top college destinations are Cornell, U Chicago, Columbia and Georgetown. See:
Class of 2022 …

Top 20:

16 to Cornell University
16 to University of Chicago
11 to Columbia University
8 to Georgetown University
6 to New York University
6 to University of Michigan
6 to University of Pennsylvania
5 to Brown University
5 to Tufts University
4 to Emory University
4 to Princeton University
4 to Yale University
3 to Barnard College
3 to Colby College
3 to Duke University
3 to Indiana University
3 to Northwestern University
3 to University of Southern California
3 to Washington University in St. Louis
3 to Wesleyan University

18.5 of the top 20 are private colleges. Cornell has public parts, but Horace Mann grads probably aren’t going to attend the taxpayer-supported Ag School at Cornell. The only public college out of the top 20 is Indiana U. of all places in Bloomington.

Post-script: Since many have wondered about whether this is driven by applicant preferences: At HM, 35% of the class attends an Ivy League university (+ Chicago, Stanford, MIT). At Stuy, the most recent figure is 18%. …

Could some of this be explained to differences in the ability to pay tuition at private colleges? Yes, probably. But consider that nearly all top private colleges are need blind. At Cornell, e.g., the average size of a tuition grant is ~ $43K, 70% of the cost of tuition.

For reference, at SUNY where tuition is $17K, the average tuition grant was $13K. This means that for a qualifying student, Cornell will cost approximately $18K/year and SUNY will cost $4k/year. So the prices are different but not nearly as different as the sticker prices.

The purpose of this thread is not to argue that the SAT exam should be the sole arbiter of college success. But is it right that the Horace Mann students have so much more to offer top colleges than the students who attended public school? Maybe. But not a case I’d want to make.

The comparison is striking. Even among kids who uniformly score in the top 1-3% on national exams, wealthy families have established a unique means to convert merit into admissions success, therefore transmitting this particular type of cultural capital to their children. …

Also, well-to-do white people tend to assume it’s their duty to not only pay their taxes but also to pay huge amounts of money to send their kids to private high schools and colleges, while Asian immigrants tend to assume American taxpayers should pay to educate their kids.

You can also see the white upper class kids’ custom of going to college far from home despite the unlikelihood that as an affluent New Yorker you’ll wind up living in Michigan or Tennessee, so you won’t benefit as much from your college friends network when you return to NYC. Washington U. in St. Louis is a fine college, but how likely is a NYC rich kid going to wind up in the St. Louis region hanging out with all your St. Louis-oriented friends? Wealthy white kids from big cities often have a self-defeating case of wanderlust when it comes to picking a college.

In contrast, the mostly Asian and upwardly mobile working class kids at Stuyvesant tend to go to college close to New York, so they can benefit from family and friends networks.

So, are we so sure that Stuyvesant grads, who tend to come from calculating and unsentimental families, are getting the fuzzy end of the lollipop compared to Horace Mann grads?


A reader on Twitter asked me:

Isn’t soccer culture—fans, causes, etc.—way gayer than normal men’s sports?

I replied: Nah, outside of Portland, soccer culture around the world is more proletarian, nationalist, populist, laddish, violent, sectarian, and racist than American sports cultures, which are more genteel because they are aimed at college alumni and the corporate classes.

The reader thanked me and said he was from Portland, OR, so he didn’t realize soccer wasn’t like that elsewhere.

In Portland, following soccer is an affectation of globalist opposition to the American nation and culture. Most other places, soccer manifests itself as concentric rings of loyalty to neighborhood, city, and nation, or perhaps to religion or class.

The reason the soccer authorities are constantly launching campaigns to refine the behavior of fans and players is because otherwise they’d be deplorable. Not just what Hillary Clinton would consider deplorable, but what any sane burgher would deplore.

E.g., in 1980, I met on a train in Switzerland some English soccer louts going to Turin to smash up the plate glass windows of downtown after the match as a show of strength. They held the Italian soccer fans in contempt because the Italians appeared like they rather wouldn’t fight and only showed up to the riots started by the English marauders to defend their home town from attack.

According to Ken Burns’ Baseball documentary, in the 1890s the National League was turning into what English soccer was for most of the 20th Century — an excuse for drunken Irishmen to brawl. So Ban Johnson founded the American League to be respectable middle class family entertainment, and it was a huge success.

In the 1970s, fights were pretty common at baseball stadiums, but in the 1980s they implemented a lot of smarter security systems and fighting became less common again.

American football emerged out of elite colleges. By the time professional football took off around 60 years ago, it tended to be aimed most of all at corporate white collar workers.

Basketball also was first a college sport, then a professional one.

In American pro football and basketball, the draft of collegiate players severs ties of localism to local heroes. The NBA used to give pro teams first pick at local players — that’s how Wilt Chamberlain wound up back home in Philadelphia, but soon dumped that. E.g., Kareem Abdul-Jabbar was a cultured product of the Harlem Renaissance and had starred at UCLA, but the NBA draft sent him to Milwaukee of all random places.

European pro soccer is following a somewhat similar path, but it has its roots in neighborhood sports clubs

Canadian ice hockey was a pro sport that encouraged fist-fighting on the ice, but the fans tend to be good-natured. (In the couple of professional wrestling shows I’ve been to, the fans were particularly warm and respectful toward each other. WWE fans seem to like other WWE fans a lot.)

I don’t know the full story of how the British soccer authorities cut way back on hooliganism. There were two huge tragedies in soccer stadiums in the 1980s, one the fault of hooligans, the other of authorities worried about hooliganism.

At that point, I think, people like Rupert Murdoch, who was helping start the Premier League to cash in on TV money, said: This is stupid.

American football is brutal on the field but peaceful in the stands. That’s because it attracts people who can pay for a nice experience. The old English soccer grounds tended to be built like slaughterhouse holding pens by designers terrified that the crowded cattle would stampede.

So, they switched over to reserved seating for almost everybody and other American amenities, and soccer’s appeal to the middle and upper classes broadened considerably.

But I know even less about the sociology of soccer on the Continent.

Most countries that have won the World Cup have had far right dictatorships at some point in the 20th Century:

Brazil 5, Germany 4, Italy 4, Argentina 2, France 2, Uruguay 2, and Spain 1. Only England, with one championship in 1966, is the only World Cup winner to have gotten through the 20th Century without a rightist dictatorship.


From the Washington Post opinion section:

‘Wakanda Forever’ and the importance of #BlackGirlGenius

By Karen Attiah
November 25, 2022 at 10:00 a.m. EST

… But what I was most struck by was how [Black Panther: Wakanda Forever] portrays Black girls and women and technology. It leads us to imagine a world in which Black girls are technological geniuses and the weapons that White men use are, in Gen. Okoye’s words, “so primitive.” “Black Panther 2” invites us to imagine Black women as not just inventors but the proprietary owners of their inventions and resources, with no obligations to share with the Western world.

… It’s refreshing to see, even fictionally, an African nation strong enough to deny the West its resources and its technology — a complete reversal of today’s world order.

Wakanda won’t share its Magic Dirt, vibranium, with the West, who are stuck with their Tragic Dirt.

… Given all this, “Black Panther” is a bit of a technological-revenge fantasy. In the movie, the genius inventor is an American Black college student named Riri Williams, a.k.a. “Ironheart” (Dominique Thorne), who is studying at MIT. She develops a crucial piece of technology that everyone wants to get their hands on.

… Shuri, Riri and their respective technological geniuses are the true heroines of “Black Panther.” … Shuri and Riri realize their fullest individual potential through the technology they create and share with one another.

So, what if we lived in a world where Black girls were encouraged to be inventors in science and technology? Or where Black women could protect and benefit from their own creativity and genius? The U.S. Patent Office does not keep racial demographic data, but a 2010 study found that while U.S. inventors in general received 235 patents per million people, Black inventors received six patents per million people. And of course, we know that White male innovators get the lion’s share of financial backing — recent studies showed that women received only 2.7 percent of venture capital funding. And Black founders receive less than 3 percent.

So this holiday weekend, I’m grateful that “Black Panther 2” exists to show us what #BlackGirlGenius looks like. As we think about the gadgets that make our lives better, let’s all think about how many real-life Shuri and Riris are out there who don’t get the chance they should to make an impact on the world.

I liked Black Panther and I admire Ryan Coogler for having previously revived the Rocky franchise with his boxing movie Creed. But this sequel, which I haven’t seen, sounds like a mess, which can presumably be blamed on the first Black Panther’s hero, Chadwick Boseman, dying of cancer a couple of years ago.

Coogler has his (highly masculine) strong suits, but confecting this kind of you-go-girl nonsense sure doesn’t sound like it’s one of them.


Racial differences in sports performance are often ascribed to culture — e.g., there aren’t that many black America’s Cup yachtsmen for obvious reasons — but there are some striking ones within sports, such as which positions different races tend to play in baseball.

For example, there are lots of African-American centerfielders, the position that requires the most foot speed, but very few African-American catchers. There also aren’t many African-American pitchers these days.

It wasn’t always like this: the two most legendary Negro Leagues stars were pitcher Satchel Paige and catcher Josh Gibson.

Today, though, in the U.S., African-American youths who are good at baseball typically play on mostly white teams. Interestingly, this high degree of integration seems to lead to larger gaps in which positions black Americans play than, say, in the eastern Dominican Republic, where all the players are more or less black, so blacks play all positions. In the U.S., on the other hand, the typical black advantage in speed means they tend to play the outfield or middle infielder rather than catcher, pitcher, or, surprisingly, third base.

The graph above comes from Baseball Egg’s tables of the top 25 players since 1901 by career Wins Above Replacement (a modern synthetic measure that attempts to sum up a player’s accomplishments over the quality of player who is always available to bring up from the minors). Players are grouped by the position they played most and then all their accomplishments are accredited to them at that position (e.g., Pete Rose played 2nd base, 3rd base, 1st base, left field, and right field, but he won his MVP in left, so he’s listed only as a left fielder and all his WAR earned at any position goes to him as a left fielder).

Because baseball wasn’t integrated until 1947, I counted only postwar players for calculating racial shares (e.g., I counted Joe DiMaggio as prewar and Ted Williams as postwar, but I could see other ways to judge that).

Because this is based on career figures, the youngest on this list of 225 players are right fielder Mookie Betts (black) and center fielder Mike Trout (white).

One of the stranger patterns is seen at third base, where none of the top 21 postwar players manning the hot corner have been African Americans vs. over half of the top rightfielders.

Update: I also looked at the top 100 third basemen by WAR who started from 1939 onward: 78 have been white Americans and 6 African Americans (counting Dick Allen as 3rd baseman rather than as a 1st baseman as my other source did, Bill Madlock, Terry Pendleton, Jim Ray Hart, Chone Figgins (the only good 21st century black American third baseman), and Ed Charles).

Third base has been kind of weird for a long time. Only four of the top 25 third basemen of all time were prewar players and none rank higher than 15th (Home Run Baker). Until the 1950s, third basemen just weren’t that good.

Back in the Dead Ball Era before Babe Ruth revolutionized the game around 1920, batters tried to bunt for a base hit down the third base line all the time . So, the third baseman was an acrobatic defensive specialist, and any offense he brought was pure bonus. When power hitting became the fashion in the 1920, baseball more or less forgot to look for better hitters to play third for a couple of decades. There were a few proto-modern third basemen, like Harlond Clift in the late 1930s who hit homers and took walks like Mike Schmidt in the 1970s-80s, but he played for the awful St. Louis Browns so nobody much noticed him.

Finally, in the 1950s the modern power-hitting third baseman emerged: e.g., in 1953, third basemen Eddie Matthews and Al Rosen combined to hit 90 homers.

Interestingly, since then they’ve been almost all white Americans 17 out of 21, with no African-Americans. This doesn’t mean blacks can’t play third. The number 3 guy on the list, Adrian Beltre, behind only Schmidt and Matthews, is a black Dominican.

In contrast, right field, another position that requires a strong throwing arm and if often inhabited by power hitters is 53% black and only 18% white among the top postwar players.

Update: Looking at the top 100 right fielders of the postwar/integrated era, I count 45 as white and 31 as black. So there are more than five times as many African-American top 100 right fielders as third basemen.

But, apparently, if you are a strong-armed right-handed African American who can hit for power who could play third, you’ll more likely find your strong right arm in right field, where your stereotypical footspeed is more valuable than at third.

In turn, whites with a good first step but lower top speed are likely to focus on third base. Like catcher, it’s a somewhat frightening position with pulled line drives being hit at you from 90 feet away.

The 1950s Milwaukee Braves established the template with Matthews at third and Henry Aaron in right.

I think this helps explain why third basemen weren’t very good hitters in the first half of the 20th Century — guys who would have made strong third basemen were put in right field even if they weren’t very fast runners, but now there are faster black guys to play right, so whites concentrate on third.

For example, Hall of Fame Right Fielder Harry Heilmann hit .400 once and .390 three times in the 1920s despite being perhaps the slowest player before catcher Ernie Lombardi. Today, he’d be a designated hitter, and in the recent past he’d be trained hard to get by as a third baseman in the way that Miguel Cabrera played third to let Prince Fielder play first. There’s no way that a Heilmann could be allowed to play right field today.

Right fielders probably handle fewer chances in the field than any other position, so they don’t have to be as mentally checked into the game all the time, as, say, shortstops, much less catchers. According to Bill James, fewer right fielders become major league managers than any other position. For example, Gary Sheffield, one of the supreme athletes in recent baseball, started out at shortstop, moved to third, then settled in in right field. Yasiel Puig, another million dollar body and two bit brain type, played right field as well.

The physical demands of fielding at third base seem a little like those of a soccer goalie. You don’t need to be a fast runner but you need to be able to dive sideways abruptly from a standing start.

From the New York Times:

Black Goalkeepers, Big Clubs and Europe’s Uneven Playing Field

Chelsea’s match against Rennes in the Champions League is a rare meeting of Black goalkeepers on club soccer’s biggest stage. But why are there so few of them?

By Rory Smith
Nov. 24, 2020

Most kids don’t want to play goalie. It’s kind of boring and everybody notices when you get beat. Playing goalie is much like how the fat kid who isn’t a fast runner gets stuck being the catcher. The faster kids play the more fun positions.

But then catchers and goalies have the best view of any player down on the field and wind up being the coach on the field.




From the BBC:

Is the world ready for mass migration due to climate change?

National borders are largely arbitrary lines drawn on a map, although there are some physical limits to where humans can live (Credit: Alamy)
By Gaia Vince
17th November 2022

With up to three billion people expected to be displaced by the effects of global warming by the end of the century, should it lead to a shift in the way we think about national borders, asks Gaia Vince?

… Unable to adapt to increasingly extreme conditions, millions – or even billions – of people will need to move.


From Nature:

Seeding an anti-racist culture at Scotland’s botanical gardens

Botanical gardens are re-examining their collections’ colonial roots — botanists of colour say keep going.

Linda Nordling

Hidden figures haunt the archives of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE). They are the shadows of people whose contributions to the institute’s cornucopia of specimens have gone unrecognized. The archives contain, for example, exquisite drawings — some made by Indian illustrators centuries ago — of voluptuous pink lotuses, spindly legumes and delicate orchids. But, says Simon Milne, the public body’s chief executive and regius keeper, “we don’t know who those artists are”.

Today, such omissions speak volumes about the arrogance of white European explorers who, for most of the institute’s 350-year history, received the plaudits for building its vast collections of living and dried plants and historical botanical documents. But change is afoot at the RBGE … For the past two years, the institute — which has three other sites across Scotland — has accelerated its work to recognize the contributions of people who were not white Europeans and to make the gardens a more inclusive space to visit and work in.

Such ambitions had existed before the murder in May 2020 of George Floyd, a Black man, by a white police officer in the United States. But it was that event and the global movement it sparked that precipitated a step-change in the gardens’ equality, diversity and inclusivity activities. In March, the institution published a racial-justice report that will feed into an action plan to “embed” racial-justice work as a “core aspect” of the organization. This extends to its research and training activities, with the report proposing dedicated PhD funds for students from minority backgrounds and promoting more equitable collaborations with scholars around the world. “We’re not rewriting history, we’re actually trying to tell the whole story,” says Milne.

Plant scientists of colour who follow these discussions are encouraged by the advances, but agree that much remains to be done. …

Before Floyd’s murder, botanical gardens had largely escaped the scrutiny that had resulted in calls for museums to return cultural artefacts and human remains to their places of origin, says Caroline Lehmann, an ecologist at the University of Edinburgh. “Plants are viewed as apolitical, as something pretty you put in your garden,” says Lehmann, who also heads the RBGE’s tropical-diversity programme. However, a cursory look into the history of plant science shows this to be false. Crops associated with globalization, such as cotton, tobacco, coffee and rubber, were central to Europe’s projects of empire and slavery — as they were to slavery in the United States.

“The exploitation of plants is closely linked to the exploitation of people,” says Lehmann, who led the working group that produced the racial-justice report and who is white. The report recognizes that the gardens’ present-day work is partially founded on collections and data deriving from “exploitative, colonialist, and racist activities”. It recommends that the gardens address the lingering legacies of this, which are visible today in the organization’s low representation of Black and Asian staff, volunteers and students. Only around 4% of the gardens’ staff identify as belonging to a non-white minority groups, and all work at the institution’s only urban site, in Edinburgh, where such groups make up 8% of the population.

Representation matters. …

Milne admits that he did not fully fathom the historical links between botany and racism when the RBGE first embarked on its racial-justice work. He recalls telling his team early on that “at least we don’t have a statue or memorial that is of concern”. A colleague then pointed out that the Edinburgh garden’s central statue of Carl Linneaus could be considered just that. The eighteenth-century inventor of the system of classifying plants, animals and minerals espoused dividing the human species into racial ‘varieties’ characterized, in part, by skin colour and stereotypical temperaments. These notions underpinned racist science in the following centuries….

She [Fan] was sceptical that her Edinburgh employer would do any better. So, she was pleased when the RBGE’s Racial Justice Working Group formed. However, after getting involved with the group’s work, she was reminded once more of the emotional burden that disproportionately affects scientists of colour, such as herself, when engaging with efforts to decolonize an institution. Fan began to study the history and power dynamics between China and the United Kingdom. “Researching colonial exploitations towards a race I identify with, while knowing that my workplace was linked to and still benefits from these exploitations, was unsettling,” she says. “It felt very conflicting,” she says — trying to understand the institution’s need for perspectives from people of colour while also resenting the toll that such work takes on them.

… After Floyd’s murder, Kew’s scientific director, Alexandre Antonelli, published an article outlining the institute’s ambition to “tackle structural racism in plant and fungal science”. …

Fungal Racism would be a good name for a band.

Beyond the efforts being made at specific gardens, work needs to be done on a global scientific level. Makunga co-founded Black Botanists Week, a global event to shine a light on Black and Indigenous scholars in botany and plant science. One of that community’s discussions, she says, is whether to rename plants whose scientific names are offensive to Indigenous people. For example, plenty of plants have the taxonomic name ‘caffra’, which derives from an Arabic expression that came to be used as an offensive term for Black people in southern Africa. “Those names have a terrible connotation,” says Makunga. …

For Xaba, there’s a long way still to go. For one thing, places such as Kew continue to hold many of the type specimens of plants that were found in South Africa. These are the first scientific samples of plant species, often dried and mounted with information about where and when they were collected. Botanists in developing countries might therefore have to travel to study these specimens, which remain the property of foreign institutions, Xaba explains.

“It’s those things that really worry people like me. We still have these very one-sided partnerships where we are the colony and natural resources are getting extracted, and people are publishing papers about our biodiversity. They still get economic benefits, and those don’t really trickle down,” he says. “It’s the culture that needs to change, and the whole system that needs to reboot.”


A travel article from the New York Times about a visit to Andaman Islands in the Indian Ocean

The Cool, Wild and Very Remote Andaman Islands

This archipelago in the Indian Ocean offers pristine nature, Indian culture, a glimpse of fascinating communities and some of the most spectacular beaches in the world.

By Jeffrey Gettleman
Nov. 22, 2022

… If you explore the outer islands, and there are about 30 open to tourists, you might even see some members of the Jarawa, one of the most untouched cultures in the world. The Jarawa live deep in the forest, and though their communities are strictly protected — Indian law prohibits even photographing them — I once saw a hunting party as I was driving down a jungle road. They carried bows and arrows and freshly slaughtered wild boars slung across their backs. I stared at them. The Jarawas stared back at me. The moment lasted maybe two seconds. I’ll never forget it.

… Flying back to the mainland from Port Blair, after a week of bliss, we passed over one island that stood alone: North Sentinel. I’ve read a lot about this place. Down there live a small group of hunter and gatherers, maybe only 50 or 75 people, who have no contact with the outside world and survive off the jungle and the sea. The few people who have tried to step on their shore, including a young American missionary in 2018, have been killed.

Now this is truly a fiercely isolated place. But as I stared down at that drop of green surrounded by bright blue, I wondered: For how long? …

A great moment for a tourist: seeing one of the world’s last hunter-gatherer tribes on the hunt.

But here’s something that struck me about contemporary travel writing: evidently, you aren’t supposed to describe what indigenous people look like anymore. The original Andaman Islanders are very short, very black (but, interestingly, not African) pygmy negritos. That strikes me as an interesting fact about them that helps me picture the scene above better, but it appears to be considered inappropriate for 2022 travel writing.

I first noticed this trend about 15-20 years ago when there were a lot of articles on the turmoil involved with South Sudan seceding from Sudan. Very few of even the longest articles mentioned that South Sudanese tribes such as the Dinka and Nuer are among the tallest people in the world. That would seem to me to be a picturesque detail that adds interest to a foreign affairs article about an otherwise fairly random place, but, apparently, a lot of Americans these days feel uncomfortable about anything reminiscent of physical anthropology: Hiss! Boo! Calipers!


From my new column in Taki’s Magazine, the second installment in a highly intermittent series:

What If I’m Right?
Steve Sailer

November 23, 2022

What if I’m right about how the world works? What policies would that imply?

My basic insight is that the world actually is pretty much what it looks like, loath as we may be to admit it. …

That all truths are connected to all other truths helps explain why my columns often seem to end somewhat abruptly and arbitrarily: I don’t seem to reach the natural end of a topic because, from my perspective, there is no end, just an endless network of cause and effect. So, instead, I tend to knock off around dawn when it’s time to go to bed.

Read the whole thing there.

For the first installment, see here.


As I may have mentioned once or twice over the last decade, the Theory of Intersectionality proves that black women, by being the most intersectional, have the most interesting thoughts. So what have they been thinking about since 1619? Mostly, about how they are peeved that people are blind to their fabulousness. Also, their hair.

From the Washington Post:

In Paris, artist Mickalene Thomas takes on Monet, and art history itself

For “Mickalene Thomas: Avec Monet,” the American artist created works that reflect on the French painter and move Black women into the foreground

By Robin Givhan

Robin Givhan is senior critic-at-large writing about politics, race and the arts. A 2006 Pulitzer Prize winner for criticism, Givhan has also worked at Newsweek/Daily Beast, Vogue magazine and the Detroit Free Press.
November 22, 2022 at 6:00 a.m. EST

… There’s only a discreet posting near her building’s buzzer to indicate that behind these industrial doors lies a magical, kaleidoscopic world of paint, paper and paillettes depicting Black women in repose, Black women indulging in the luxury of self-assurance, Black women existing in a world of their own creation.

Thomas, 51, has built her substantial art-world reputation by focusing on Black women … Thomas’s women often look as though they have stepped from a blaxploitation film, the pages of Ebony or Jet magazines, or the imagination of someone who keenly understands the importance of celebrating your own fabulousness when the world is stubbornly blind to it.

“We, too, can recline,” Thomas declares. “We, too, can relax and be seen doing so and have it be empowering and validating for our sense of self. We can be in the moment and in own our space and not be seen as being lazy.”

She’s had a multitude of exhibitions, including at the Brooklyn Museum, the Wexner Center for the Arts in Columbus, Ohio, and numerous galleries. …

Thomas’s fine art is now the subject of an exhibition that opened in October at the Musée de l’Orangerie in Paris. The museum, in the Tuileries Garden, is known as the permanent home for eight of Claude Monet’s waterlily paintings. The exhibition organizers asked Thomas to create works that reflect on Monet and the time she spent as an artist-in-residence at his former home in Giverny, France, in 2011.

“Mickalene Thomas: Avec Monet” is her first exhibition at a museum in France. … The small museum was constructed in 1852, and over time, its collection has helped to tell the erroneous story of French art, establishing a narrative that European art is White when, in fact, it is Asian and African, too. Thomas disrupts that story in ways both obvious and subtle, by her mere presence and with her work.

Detail from “La Maison de Monet” by Mickalene Thomas.

So, she took some photos of Monet’s house, made a 1978 David Hockney-style collage out of them, and scribbled on it.

Thomas attributes the existence of her exhibition to an art-world reckoning of sorts. In 2018, the Wallach Art Gallery at Columbia University presented “Posing Modernity: The Black Model From Manet and Matisse to Today,” which explored how the Black female form was essential to the development of modern art and the manner in which Black women were represented. The exhibition later traveled to the Musée d’Orsay.

Manet’s Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe

This article seems vague about Monet and Manet being different guys. Manet painted several pictures that included a black woman model, such as the famous Olympia. But I can’t find evidence that Monet ever painted a black woman.

“The Black model was always present but was omitted from the conversation,” Thomas says. “I think because of that [exhibition’s] exposure, because of that conversation around the Black model and looking back into history … we’re open to forging forth with some of these conversations that we’ve so long kind of circled around.”

Two revelatory exhibitions upend our understanding of Black models in art

In 2022, she created “Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe: Les Trois Femmes Noires avec Monet.” The mixed-media composition installed at l’Orangerie, along with three other collage paintings and photographs, as well as a video composition, depicts three women at rest in a landscape they have claimed as their own. Thomas created it in response to Monet’s “Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe,” which followed Édouard Manet’s painting of the same title.

Monet’s unfinished Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe

OK, now I get the chain of what passes for logic in contemporary art. You see, while Monet was primarily a landscape painter (he would occasionally have his wife and their child pose to add a focal point to the landscape — the story of M. and Mme. Monet is tragic and beautiful), which is boring to the black ladies writing and starring in this article, and so far as I can tell, Monet never painted a black woman, Monet was inspired by Manet’s huge succès de scandale Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe of a naked lady at a picnic to begin painting his own less famous but prettier and more tasteful picnic picture. But he never finished it and instead went on to develop his famous style with fewer figures in his paintings.

So that gets us from boring old Monet, who is famous not for anything terribly controversial but because he painted a colossal number of beautiful paintings, to Manet, who was more of a 20th Century-style operator with a nose for getting his paintings talked about.

Manet’s second most famous painting is another naked lady picture, Olympia, of a nude strumpet being presented with a bouquet of flowers, presumably from a gentleman admirer, by her black maid. To the black ladies involved with this article, it galls them that everybody looks at the white whore rather than at her black maid who rather recedes into the dark background. It’s time for a Reckoning: from now on, everybody should look at lounging black women instead of lounging white women!

Granted that’s pretty far from having much to do with Monet, but Monet/Manet, they were both white men.

Like her predecessors’, Thomas’s work is lush with flowers and trees. But instead of ivory-skinned picnickers and sunbathers, she positions Black women in their glory, with brown skin and Afros. They look back at the viewer. They aren’t staking a claim on a White world; they’re inhabiting their own realm, one in which Monet exists but over which they have authority. They’re at ease and self-satisfied.

In “Salle à Manger et Sofa avec Monet,” the dining room of Monet’s home is reimagined to incorporate parts of Thomas’s realm, including a pale yellow sofa that has served as something akin to a throne for the subjects of her portraiture.

Thomas’s aesthetic — not just the pieces at l’Orangerie, but her entire body of work — is a corrective. It’s a reclamation of history and future history.

“What I respond to and admire and visually love about Mickalene’s work is she doesn’t shy away from the 19th-century images because they’re fraught with all the layers and stereotypes of women of color,” says Denise Murrell, who curated the “Posing Modernity” show in New York. “She reimagines these images and gives us a sense of the subject and how these women would have, could have been seen by themselves or been seen by others.”

Murrell zeroes in on one of Thomas’s works from 2012, “Din, Une Trés Belle Négresse 1.” It features a Black woman dressed in a floral print and posed against a floral backdrop. She’s wearing a large shell necklace, and her hair is styled in a grand Afro that surrounds her face like a sacred halo. Her full lips are lacquered in a deep blackberry hue, and her eyes are dramatically highlighted in dark shadow. The title, translated, means Din, A Very Beautiful Black Woman, but Thomas uses the discomforting “négresse,” which in art history often has rendered individual Black women as an anonymous commodity.

“She’s taking all the physical features, the hair and lips, that have been stereotyped in a derogatory way in the 19th century and giving them full beauty and lushness. She’s not just presenting a 19th-century woman, but the woman of the current moment,” says Murrell, who is the Merryl H. and James S. Tisch curator at-large at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

In Thomas’s portraits, “the attire is of the late 20th century, the pose, the affect, the stance. You could see them at parties or on the street. She’s making these arguments in the artistic language of the current moment,” Murrell adds. “They’re gorgeous and self-possessed. They’re the opposite of the pictorial subordination in previous depictions of Black women. They claim all aspects of their being.”

… One could easily imagine one of Thomas’s women reclining languidly in “Le Jardin d’Eau de Monet,” but they don’t have to be present for their ownership to be evident. It’s still clear that this landscape, this space, belongs to Thomas and her muses.


Like most male team sports: evidently, not very. A reader does some counting of top soccer players and writes:

I assume you saw that the opening day of the World Cup was taken up by a lot of media stories about European teams planning to wear a rainbow armband which they later backed down from.

The English media is really, really obsessed with finding a gay male soccer player willing to come out and has been for about ten years. The absence of said out gay players is toted as evidence of prejudice despite increasingly visible inclusivity attempts by the sport’s governing bodies. You can easily find stories about closeted players like this one who claim they are afraid of coming out due to resistance from fans or teammates. Former England star Gary Lineker says he knows of two. I’m sympathetic to the theory that coming out while playing could limit your career, but I would assume that this social pressure pretty much evaporates when your career ends in your early 30s. So I went looking for examples of ex-players who have since come out.
First, what’s the denominator? 1795 players have made more than 50 Premier League appearances since it was founded in 1992. The right tail is very long, 2523 players have made more than 25 appearances. I stopped clicking but there are easily >3,000 unique players who have made at least a single Premier League appearance. The average age of an active player today is 26, so I would estimate something like 2/3 to 3/4 of players who’ve ever made an appearance over the last 30 years are no longer active today. So we are looking at 2,000 or so ex Premier League players. Youngest ex-player is around 30 and oldest in his early 60s.
England is perhaps the world’s most gay-friendly place and anyone coming out is guaranteed a sympathetic media portrayal. So do gay players come out when they retire? It seems not. Google only finds me one ex-Premier League player who has come out after retiring, a player called Thomas Hitzlsperger. He only made 117 appearances in the Premier League and this would put him well outside the top 1,000 players by appearance.

So I’m increasingly sympathetic to your theory that whatever psycholocial traits make men highly interested in team sports make them highly heterosexual too. I looked up the top 20 players by Premier League appearances and checked wikipedia (mainly) to see what their marital status and number of children were. 19 of the 20 have been married and the one who hasn’t (Emile Heskey) has six children. It wasn’t clear whether Sylvain Distin has kids so I marked him down as zero but there is a story in French about him having had an affair. Jermain Defoe is also at zero kids but there seems to have been a paternity test involved. Six of the 20 (Giggs, Ferdinand, Defoe, Terry, Rooney, Distin) seem to have had some extra-marital stuff that the English tabloids dug up. So all-in-all guys who manage to sustain a career as a high-level soccer player seem very, very heterosexual. My casual knowledge of North American team sports is that you see pretty much the same pattern too.

Anyway I find occupational selection by sex, race, and sexual orientation quite interesting but you seem to be the only person who can write about it plainly. You are welcome to use any and all of this analysis. I will never publish it even pseudonymously!


Last month I posted about the egregious cancellation of tenured professor Bryan J. Pesta, who was fired by Cleveland State U. in effect for co-authoring a landmark scientific article on racial admixture and IQ in 2019. (I put considerable effort into a Taki’s Magazine column explicating in less daunting prose a 2021 study that replicated Pesta’s 2019 findings on the even more impressive ABCD database.)

The relationship between the race gap in IQ and DNA has been quite possibly the single most contentious issue in the human sciences since Arthur Jensen’s 1969 Harvard Education Review article. Pesta’s career was targeted for destruction for his role in publishing what might eventually go down in history as the single biggest step forward toward resolving this great debate between scientific titans such as Jensen, Richard Herrnstein, and Charles Murray vs. Stephen Jay Gould, Richard Lewontin, Christopher Jencks, and James Flynn.

Charles Murray and myself have been trying to alert academics that Pesta’s case shows that their ancient right of tenure is no longer secure. As Beria liked to tell Stalin about his stewardship of the NKVD, “Show me the man and I’ll find you the crime.”

Dr. Pesta has long tried to maintain a low profile, but having been deprived of his income by violation of his tenure, he has established a Give Send Go account at .

Dear Potential Donors,

My name is Bryan J. Pesta. I used to be a tenured full professor of management at Cleveland State University (CSU), with top departmental seniority. As a student there many years ago, I’ve also earned three degrees (one BA and two master’s degrees) from CSU. In fact, I have a near continuous presence (as faculty or student) at this school dating back to 1986 (I am old).

This all changed on March 4, 2022, as CSU terminated my (tenured) employment with them.

They “convicted” me of conducting and publishing unethical and racist research regarding my scientific explorations into why Blacks and Whites score differently—on average—when taking IQ tests.

Note, it’s trivially simple to find very smart Blacks and not so smart Whites. It’s frustrating that people have trashed my work and reputation by alleging I believe that ALL members of some race group are smarter than ALL members of some other group.

Note, I had been studying this topic at CSU since 2006. The school never expressed any concerns about the nature of my research until recently. In fact, CSU regularly awarded me (yearly) merit pay wage increases, specifically because of my research.

Note, the average IQ differences in question here are incredibly well-documented by lots of quality data, going back to at least World War I. The differences are also unfortunately rather large, but they predict very important social outcomes (e.g., education rates, income rates, crime rates, and even numerous measures of physical and mental health). As such, I believe we have ethical and moral obligations to figure out what is going on here. I’ve also argued elsewhere, that figuring this out would dramatically improve human well-being for all.

That said, the actual causes of these differences (i.e., genetic factors, environmental factors, test bias, racism, etc.) remain unknown.

Importantly, CSU did not outright call me a racist for studying all this (though many other students and academics both internal and external to CSU certainly have!). Instead, the school hid behind numerous pretextual accusations that I had mishandled sensitive genetic data, or otherwise committed “academic research misconduct” regarding a specific article that colleagues and I published in 2019 ( ).

At one point, fully 21 different allegations of academic research misconduct were “thrown at the wall” against me. I was able defend most of these allegations, but precisely four of them “stuck” with CSU, and I was ultimately fired. However, I will show that CSU’s rationale for these four charges was inane.

Unfortunately, the allegations against me are also very technical and full of jargon. This makes my case rather difficult to comprehend, especially if one lacks knowledge about how scientific research proceeds. I won’t get into the weeds now, but I will soon add a link to my complaint in federal court, once it is officially filed.

Not surprisingly, I have suffered rather severe financial and emotional consequences because of CSU’s illegal firing of me. I am also hated there, and I am completely unemployable in academics anywhere in the USA.

I would sincerely appreciate any financial assistance you might provide here. I’m confident I will prevail, but I need to survive as my suit progresses through the system. In sum, money is nice for sure, but this case is squarely about academic freedom and first amendment rights. Please consider helping me defend myself, and our constitution.


Bryan J. Pesta

He says of his GiveSendGo account:

All donations would be completely anonymous, except I will get the donor’s email address in case disputes arise (“I pledged $100 but you took $1,000!” etc,). I would appreciate whatever interested donors are willing to give.

Many, many thanks!


The Washington Post has been on a jag for weeks complaining that blacks are not over-represented in NFL head coaching ranks, but only have about the same share of coaching jobs as of the American population.

Thirteen NFL teams have never had a Black coach. Here’s the story of one.

A flagship franchise in the league, the New York Giants reflect a process in which some say unconscious bias remains unchecked

By Adam Kilgore and Nicole Dungca
Nov. 21 at 3:21 p.m.

That got me thinking about soccer managers in the 2022 World Cup. The World Cup is progressive and globalist and totally not jingoistic, right? Oh, wait, well, never mind that, but let’s look at the coaches. Surely People of Color are well represented.

Well, yes, in the three Sub-Saharan entrants in the 32 team World Cup, all three are coached by home country black men.

Of the two East Asian entrants, Japan has a Japanese manager, but South Korea has a Portuguese manager.

Of the five Middle Eastern entrants, Morocco has a Moroccan coach and Tunisia a Tunisian coach, but Iran has a Portuguese coach, Saudi Arabia a Frenchman, and Qatar a Spaniard.

Mexico’s manager

All the historically white countries have white coaches. The most diverse is that Switzerland has a Switzerland-born coach of Turkish descent, Murat Yakin, who looks a little central Asian.

As far as I can tell from a glance, all the Latin American teams have coaches who’d be considered white walking down the street in America.

For example, Mexico’s coach looks a little like actor John Goodman.

Soccer strikes me as less complicated to coach, especially during games, than American football, but that’s probably an outmoded notion. Most big things in our world keep getting more complicated, and soccer is a really big thing.

Here are links to all 32 managers:

Argentina G. Alfaro (ECU) • Argentina G. Martino (MEX) • Argentina L. Scaloni (ARG) • Australia G. Arnold (AUS) • Brazil Tite (BRA) • Cameroon R. Song (CMR) • Colombia L. Suárez (CRC) • Croatia Z. Dalić (CRO) • Denmark K. Hjulmand (DEN) • England J. Herdman (CAN) • England G. Southgate (ENG) • France D. Deschamps (FRA) • France H. Renard (KSA) • Germany H. Flick (GER) • Germany Ghana O. Addo (GHA) • Japan H. Moriyasu (JPN) • Morocco W. Regragui (MAR) • Netherlands L. van Gaal (NED) • Poland C. Michniewicz (POL) • Portugal P. Bento (KOR) • Portugal C. Queiroz (IRN) • Portugal F. Santos (POR) • Senegal A. Cissé (SEN) • Serbia D. Stojković (SRB) • Spain Luis Enrique (ESP) • Spain R. Martínez (BEL) • Spain F. Sánchez (QAT) • Switzerland M. Yakin (SUI) • Tunisia J. Kadri (TUN) • United States G. Berhalter (USA) • Uruguay D. Alonso (URU) • Wales R. Page (WAL)


Somebody wants to publish an anthology of my best stuff in hard cover: These fragments I have shored against my ruins. If I go ahead with the project, what should be in the book?

I asked my readers this question before back in 2016 and got lots of helpful comments. But there’s been a lot of water under the bridge since then.


I don’t know nothin’ about cryptocurrency, but this takedown of the “stablecoin” Tether, the third biggest type of cryptocurrency, in Revolver is a good read:

FTX on Steroids: Is “Tether” the Biden World’s Crypto BCCI?
November 19, 2022 (1d ago)

Steve Sailer
About Steve Sailer

Steve Sailer is a journalist, movie critic for Taki's Magazine, columnist, and founder of the Human Biodiversity discussion group for top scientists and public intellectuals.

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