***update: Hussein found guilty of crimes against humanity……more…PJM coverage…Sky News: he shouted “Allahu akbar!”…refused to stand for the verdict and had to be lifted to his feet by two court bailiffs…justice will not be swift: phase two and appeal begin…”Saddam is in the middle of a second crimes against humanity trial and the appeal against the Dujail death sentence will start on Monday, taking two months. He had wanted to face a firing squad – that request was refused.”***
The former Iraqi president was convicted by a Baghdad court for his role in the killing of 148 people in the mainly Shia town of Dujail in 1982.
His half-brother Barzan al-Tikriti and Iraq’s former chief judge Awad Hamed al-Bandar were also sentenced to death.
Former Vice-President Taha Yassin Ramadan got life in jail and three others received 15 year prison terms.
Another co-defendant, Baath party official Mohammed Azawi Ali, was acquitted.
One hundred and forty eight people from Dujail were killed as collective punishment for a failed attempt to assassinate Saddam Hussein in the town.
Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri Maliki hailed the conviction in a televised address, saying that the sentence was “not a sentence on one man, but a sentence against all the dark period of his rule”.
Update 8:13am Eastern: White House reax via Reuters…”The White House called the verdict handed down to former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein on Sunday a good day for Iraqis. “It’s a good day for the Iraqi people,” White House spokesman Tony Snow said.”
Tony Snow shoots down conspiracy theorists: “Preposterous.”
Celebration via Yahoo News:
On Thursday, I noted the moonbat conspiracy swirl over the impending Saddam Hussein trial verdict. A sentence will be handed down sometime later today. Instead of bashing the Bush administration, perhaps conspiratorial leftists should remind themselves of the victims of Hussein’s regime–like those who died in the Dujail massacre:
Here are the crimes Hussein is accused of, from the trial charging documents:
I, Judge Ra’uf Rashid Abdul Rahman, the Chief Judge of the First Trial Chamber of the Iraqi High Tribunal accuse you (Saddam Hussein Al-Majid) of the following:
At the time you were the President of the Republic of Iraq, the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, and the Chairman of the former Revolutionary Command Council, and on July 8,1982 as you were visiting the town of Al-Dujayl, which falls under the administrative jurisdiction of Salah-al-Din Governorate, and under the claim that gun shots were fired against the cars escorting your motorcade, you issued orders to the military and security organizations, the Intelligence Service, the Popular Army, and the
Ba’th Party organization in Al-Dujayl to launch a wide scale and systematic attack to shoot and use all kinds of weapons and helicopters to kill, arrest, detain, and torture large numbers of the residents of Al-Dujayl (men, women, and children). Afterwards, you issued orders to remove their orchards and demolish their houses. Based upon these orders, the organizations and the troops killed nine people that day and the following day.
The nine slain individuals were Abbas Jasim Muhammad Rida Hattu Al-Salami, Karim Kadhim Ja’far Al-Zubaydi, Imad Hasan Mahdi Ja’far Al-Aswadi, Ra’d Al-Karbala’i, Muhammad ‘Abd Juwad Al-Zubaydi, Mahruz Muhammad Hadi Al-Kallabi, Hashim Adnan Jasim Al-Khaz’ali, Sadiq Majid Hamid Al-Khaz’ali, and Sattar Tawfiq Yahya Al-Khafaji. Groups of families totaling 399 individuals were arrested and detained at the Investigation and Interrogation Department (Al-Hakimiyyah) of the disbanded Office of the Head of the Intelligence Service and under the command of the accused (Barzan Ibrahim Al-Hasan), according to the documents attached to the case. The detainees were subject to torture by intelligence officers; during the interrogation and due to torture by electricity, battering of the head with metal rods, prevention from sleeping, and other
torture methods, a group of detainees died. The deceased were Ya’qub Yusif Hussein Al-Ubaydi, Jasim Muhammad Latif Al-Salami, Salih Muhammad Jasim, Qasim Ali Asad Al-Haydari, and Alwan Hasan Hussein Al-Salami. The other detainees were transferred to Abu-Ghurayb Prison under the supervision of the disbanded Intelligence Service. At the mentioned prison, torture continued and many of detainees were killed and died due to the usage of the aforesaid means of torture.
Those who died in detention were Mijbil Hasan Aziz Al-Marsumi Yasin, Hasan Hattu Al-Salami, Nufah Hasan Agha Al-Zubaydi, and the children Hisham Fakhri Asad Al-Haydari, Zinah Muhammad Hasan Al-Haydari, and Ali Majid Ya’qub Al-Kharbatli. Many of the surviving detainees (men, women, and children) were transferred to Liyyah Compound in the desert, which was designed to
shelter Bedouin nomads and their livestock in the area of Al-Samawah. They were detained at Liyyah for four years during which they were subject to torture and deliberate harsh health and living conditions in addition to deprivation of food and medication in the desert. As a result of these harsh conditions Hamid Mahdi Al-Khaz’ali died. A number of the members of detained families died and they are Abdul-al-Wahab Ja’far Habib Al-Ubaydi, Sabriyyah Abbas Ahmad Al-Ubaydi, Sabri Asad Abdallah Al-Haydari, and the children Muthanna Majid Ya’qub and Thabit Asad Ali Al-Haydari.
Based on your direct orders, the National Security Affairs Department of the disbanded Presidential Diwan referred 148 people to the dissolved Revolutionary Command Council Court headed by the accused Awad Hamad Al-Bandar. The people referred to the Revolutionary Command Council Court included some who had already died in detention due to torture in the Investigation and Interrogation Department (Al-Hakimiya) and Abu-Ghurayb Prison, including juveniles whose ages were less than 18 years. The names of these
people are Mahmud Hasan Muhammad Al-Haydari, Abbas Habib Kadhim Al-Marsumi, Mahdi Hussein Ali Al-Musawi, Habib Jasim Juwad, Hashim Ali Laftah Al-Zubaydi, Ahmad Abd Juwad Al-Zubaydi, Muhammad Abd Juwad Al-Zubaydi, Muhammad Hasan Mahdi Al-Aswadi, Fu’ad Hasan Mahdi Al-Aswadi, Khamis Kadhim Ja’far Al-Ubaydi, Hussein Ali Habib Al-Ubaydi, Hadi Abd-al-Wahab Ja’far Al-Ubaydi, Maytham Mahdi Abbas Al-Salami, Ali Anwar Hasan Al-Salami, Ja’far Ali Hussein Al-Musawi, Mu’ayyad Salim Majid Al-Haydari, Imad ‘Abbas Hassun Al-Haydari, Nasir Abdul Aziz Juwad Al-Zubaydi, Ahmad Jasim Muhammad Ridha Al-Hattu, Jasim Naji Abd Al-Aswadi, Hussein Salman Muslih Al-Khazraji, Hussein Dahham Sultan Al-Salami, Amir Dahham Sultan Al-Salami, Yusif Abd Ali Hasan Al-Ubaydi, Mahmud Jasim Abdul Hasan Al-Jumayli, Hafiz Muhammad Hadi Al-Kallabi, Ibrahim Salih Kadhim Al-Musawi, Muslim Abd Ali Najm Abbud Al-Salami, Ahmad Jasim Abdul Hasan, Mahdi Sa’id Abbud, Qasim
Muhammad Jasim Al-Zindah Al-Zubaydi, Salim Abbas Ali, and Haydar Jasim Hussein Al-Salami.
The defendant Awad Hamad Al-Bandar issued an irrevocable decision
sentencing all 148 people referred to the Revolutionary Command Council Court to death by hanging after conducting a brief trial that lasted only one session. The sentence was in accordance with decision number 744/C/1984 which was issued on June 14, 1984.
People who had already died from torture during interrogation were included in the list of 148 people which the Revolutionary Command Council Court tried and sentenced to death. In addition, the Revolutionary Command Council court sentenced to death and executed juveniles who had not yet reached the age of 18 in violation of article 79 of the (amended) penal code number (111) of 1969, the juvenile protection code number ( ) of 1983, and the amended Law of Criminal Procedure number (23) of 1971. The sentence also violated article 6, paragraph 5 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, dated December 16, 1966, made effective on March 23, 1976, and which the Iraqi
Republic ratified on February 18, 1969. Article 6, paragraph 5 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights states that sentences of death shall not be imposed for crimes committed by persons below 18 years of age. You promptly issued and signed Presidential Decree No. 778 on June 16, 1984 which ratified the abovementioned sentence for mass execution. On October 24, 1982, you issued Revolutionary Command Council Decree No. 1283 in your capacity as chairman of the disbanded Revolutionary Command Council. Revolutionary Command Council Decree No. 1283 confiscated the agricultural lands and orchards of Al-Dujayl residents and ordered those orchards destroyed. The bodies of the slain were concealed and were not handed over to their relatives. The fate of a number of detainees, including six juveniles, is unknown.
The names of the six missing juveniles are Muhammad Hasan Muhammad Al-Haydari, Muhammad Jamil Ayyub Al-Khazraji, Najm-al-Din Abd Juwad Al-Zubaydi, Isma’il Abbas Al-Khaz’ali, Talal Ya’qub Majid Al-Kharbatli, and Talib Jamil Ayyub Al-Khazraji…
A taste of the testimony that was mostly ignored:
A 56-year-old Kurdish-American woman told of seeing people sickened and dying during an alleged chemical attack carried out by Saddam Hussein’s forces, as his genocide trial resumed Monday after nearly a three-week break.
Katreen Elias Mikhail, a Kurdish Christian and former militia fighter, said four Iraqi planes unleashed a wave of bombs on the evening of June 5, 1987, on the Kurdish town of Qalizewa in northern Iraq, sending people fleeing for shelter.
“I smelled something dirty and strange,” she told the court.
Mikhail said she was stranded in an underground shelter with her friend Umm Ali and dozens of other people.
“Then, I heard comrade Abu Elias shout ‘is there a doctor here?'” said the dignified-looking woman, her left hand trembling.
“People were falling to the ground. They vomited and their eyes were blinded. We couldn’t see anything.”
“We were all afraid,” she said, her voice cracking. “It was our first time seeing bombs falling on our heads.”
Sitting in the witness stand, she said her friend Nashme told her that “the whole town was hit with chemical weapons.”
When the smoke subsided, Mikhail said she saw some people with “burn wounds and they were blind; I was able to see just a little.”
Mikhail appeared to lodge a complaint against Saddam and his cousin Ali “Chemical Ali” al-Majid, who are among the seven defendants charged in Operation Anfal, a campaign to drive Kurds from sensitive areas near the Iranian border in the 1980s.
The prosecution alleges that about 180,000 people were killed during the campaign.
During the proceedings, a defiant Saddam Hussein clutched the Quran, Islam’s holy book, and insisted that the judge address him as the “president of Iraq.”
The Iraqi government has imposed a curfew on Baghdad and two neighbouring provinces while awaiting today’s verdict. The Times of London reports:
Nouri al-Maliki, the prime minister, went on television to appeal for calm last night. He called on Iraqis to celebrate a guilty verdict in a way that “does not risk their lives”. He added: “We hope that the verdict will give this man what he deserves for the crimes he committed against the Iraqi people.” Maliki has previously said that Saddam should hang.
Mohammed at Iraq the Model is reporting on the lockdown.