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Mahatma Gandhi and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, the Two Giants Who Blessed the 20th Century
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On October 2, 2018, the world honored Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th Birthday Anniversary.[1]In 2007, Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday, the 2nd of October, was declared by the United Nations as the International Day of Non-Violence, now celebrated all over the globe. His was a life of austerity, tolerance, courage and struggle. https://www.gandhi.gov.in/gandhi-celebration.html Few weeks later, on December 11, there was Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s first Centenary.[2]SOLZHENITSYN CENTENNIAL. DECEMBER 11, 2018 MARKS THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF NOBEL PRIZE LAUREATE ALEKSANDR SOLZHENITSYN’S BIRTHDAY https://www.solzhenitsyncenter.org/celebrating-100-years/ At about the time of Mahatma Gandhi’s martyrdom[3]Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948 in the Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti). His assassin was Nathuram Godse, an Indian nationalist who in 1940 formed an armed organization. Godse and his accomplice were hanged on 15 November 1949. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assassination_of_Mahat...Gandhi by a bullet of an overzealous Hindu nationalist in January 1948, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn[4]Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (11 December 1918 – 3 August 2008) was a Russian novelist and philosopher of history. He was an outspoken critic of the Soviet Union and communism and helped to raise global awareness of its Gulag forced labor camp system. He was allowed to publish only one work in the Soviet Union, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962), in the periodical Novy Mir. After this he was obliged to publish in the West, most notably The First Circle, Cancer Ward (1968), August 1914 (1971), and The Gulag Archipelago (1973). He was awarded the 1970 Nobel Prize in Literature “for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature.” Expelled from the USSR in 1974, he returned to Russia in 1994 after the state’s dissolution. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleksandr_Solzhenitsyn Edited by VK had just begun his Via Dolorosa going through all the circles of Soviet Hell. He started with the First Circle at a sharashka-style research lab for prisoners,[5]The Sharashka Phenomenon. Posted on March 10, 2011 by Asif Siddiqi

http://russianhistoryblog.org/2011/03/the-sharashka...menon/
and then went down to hard labor at lower circles. After he had graduated from the GULAG to internal exile in Kazakhstan, he also survived a bout with cancer. Only after his exile was cut short in 1956 by Nikita Khrushchev’s rehabilitation program[6]In 1956 Nikita Khrushchev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the USSR, denounced Stalinism in his speech On the Cult of Personality. Then the government began to “rehabilitate” political prisoners, allowing them to return home and reclaim their lives. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rehabilitation_(Soviet) for the unjustly sentenced, was he able to dedicate himself to healing Russia, from its own political cancer, by truthfully describing the affliction of totalitarian society.

He won. In 1991 the USSR collapsed, and in 1994 he was able to return—now from an external exile in the USA—to his beloved Russia where he continued to describe what has gone wrong since 1991. He died on August 3, 2008. Dmitry Medvedev, then president, and his predecessor and successor, Vladimir Putin, were among the mourners who joined the Nobel laureate’s family and friends for a funeral service held at Moscow’s historic Donskoi monastery.[7]On Solzhenitsyn’s funeral see https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/aug/06/russia Thus one might say that Gandhi and Solzhenitsyn dominated the 20th century as two mighty spiritual powers for truth, justice, harmony, and Non-Violence in domestic and foreign affairs.

The name of Gandhi in Russia before the Bolshevik Revolution

The name of Mohandas Gandhi[8]Mohandas Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, he led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahātmā (Sanskrit: “high-souled”, “venerable”) applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa– is now used worldwide. In India, he is also called the Father of the Nation. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahatma_Gandhi has been known in Russia since the time he had an exchange of letters[9]Their correspondence during 1909-1910 is available both in English and Russian translation: Сергеенко А. П. ПЕРЕПИСКА Л.Н.ТОЛСТОГО С М.К.ГАНДИ http://antimilitary.narod.ru/antology/gandi/ghandi_...oj.htm with Leo Tolstoy,[10]Count Lev Tolstoy (1828 – 1910), usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time. In the 1870s Tolstoy experienced a moral crisis, followed by a spiritual awakening, as outlined in his non-fiction work A Confession (1882). His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist. Tolstoy’s ideas on nonviolent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You (1894), had a profound impact on such pivotal 20th-century figures as Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leo_Tolstoy the world-famous novelist and the founder of “Non-Resistance to Evil by evil means” movement. Reading their correspondence one gets the definite impression that the two kindred souls found each other in 1909. However, the promising interchange was soon interrupted by Tolstoy’s death in 1910. The Bolshevik Revolution and the bloody Civil war followed (1917-1921).

The Soviet Union lost no time in cancelling the very idea of Non-Violence, be it in a Tolstoyan or Gandhian form. To add injury to the insult, many of Tolstoy’s followers found themselves behind bars and in the far away regions of the GULAG. While Soviet school programs included the study of Tolstoy the artist, the wisdom of his later years was dismissed as “counter-revolutionary” and his writings untoward were not published. Thus, in my school years, I was able to read some, but only via the risky samizdat distribution.

Khazrat Inayat Khan

Another great line of Indian-Russian spiritual connection that was cut off by the Bolshevik Revolution is embodied in Khazrat Inayat Khan (1882-1927).[11]Inayat Khan Rehmat Khan (Urdu: عنایت خان‎; 1882 – 1927) was the teacher of Universal Sufism. He initially came to the West as a Northern Indian classical musician, but he soon turned to the transmission of Sufi thought and practice. In 1923 the Sufi Order of London was enlarged, under Swiss law, into the “International Sufi Movement”. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inayat_Khan A Muslim-Sufi philosopher and musician, he came to Russia 1913 and stayed for several months. Inayat Khan gave several concerts in both Moscow and the Imperial capital Sankt-Petersburg. He also befriended such important cultural figures as the composer Alexander Scriabin,[12]Alexander Scriabin (6 January 1872 – 27 April 1915) was a Russian composer and pianist. Influenced by the works of Frederic Chopin, he composed works that are in a highly tonal idiom. Independently of Arnold Schoenberg, he created an atonal and dissonant musical system agreeing with his brand of mysticism. He also associated colors with the harmonic tones of his atonal scale. He is regarded as the Russian Symbolist composer. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Scriabin the Symbolist poet Vyacheslav Ivanov,[13]Vyacheslav Ivanov (28 February 1866 – 16 July 1949) was a Russian poet and playwright associated with the Russian Symbolist movement. He was also a philosopher, translator, and literary critic. He died in exile in Rome, Italy. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vyacheslav_Ivanov_(poet) the composer Vladimir Pohl,[14]Владимир Иванович Поль (1875- 1962, Париж) — русский композитор, пианист, педагог, музыкально-общественный деятель, художник. https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Поль,_Владимир_Иванович and Leo Tolstoy’s son Sergei.[15]Count Sergei Lvovich Tolstoy (10 July 1863, Yasnaya Polyana – 23 December 1947, Moscow) was a composer and ethnomusicologist who was among the first Europeans to make an in-depth study of the music of India. He was also an associate of the Sufi mystic, Inayat Khan, and participated in helping the Doukhobors move to Canada. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergei_Tolstoy As a result, Russian culture was enriched not just with Indian music, but first translations of Inayat Khan’s Sufi writings into Russian.[16]Хазрат Инайят Хан (англ. Inayat Khan; 1882 —1927) — индийский музыкант и философ, суфий, проповедовавший суфизм в западных странах и России, известен своими многочисленными книгами о суфизме, переведёнными на многие языки. https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Хан,_Инайят

Apparently, Gandhi and Inayat Khan were acquainted, at least knew and respected each other. Below is a short exchange between the two men.[17]Salaam and Greetings of Peace: https://darvish.wordpress.com/tag/hazrat-inayat-khan/ . I am not sure whether it was an actual letter exchange or a juxtaposition of similar philosophical attitudes. VK

Salaam and Greetings of Peace:

Keep your thoughts positive because your thoughts become your words. Keep your words positive because your words become your behaviors. Keep your behaviors positive because your behaviors become your habits. Keep your habits positive because your habits become your values. Keep your values positive because your values become your destiny. – Mahatma Gandhi

Our success or failure depends upon the harmony or disharmony of our individual will with the divine will. — Hazrat Inayat Khan

What is just as important is that Inayat’s daughter Noor Inayat Khan,[18]Noor-un-Nisa Inayat Khan (1914 –1944), aka Nora Inayat-Khan, was a British heroine of World War II renowned for her service in the Special Operations Executive. Under the name of Nora Baker she was a published author. Captured by the Germans, she died in the Dachau concentration camp, and posthumously awarded the George Cross for her service, the highest civilian decoration in the UK. She became the first female wireless operator to be sent from Britain into occupied France to aid the French Resistance during World War II, and was Britain’s first Muslim war heroine. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noor_Inayat_Khan

More in Russian https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Нур_Инайят_Хан
the future heroine of World War Two, was born in Moscow.

Both Noor and Inayat’s son Hidayat Inayat Khan[19]Hidayat Inayat Khan (1917 –2016) was a British-French classical composer, conductor and Representative-General of the International Sufi Movement. Hidayat was born in London to Sufi Master Inayat Khan and Pirani Ameena Begum; brother of Noor Inayat Khan. His musical education began in Paris in 1932 at the Ecole Normale de Musique, in the violin class of Bernard Sinsheimer; the composition class of Nadia Boulanger. He attended chamber music courses by the Lener Quartet in Budapest. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hidayat_Inayat_Khan were Gandhi’s followers. The latter, the founder of Sufi movement in Canada and a composer, composed the Gandhi Symphony which has been performed world-wide.[20]At the centenary for Mahatma Gandhi, on November 21st, 1969, Gandhi Symphony (opus 25) was performed in a special concert organized by UNESCO in Holland. It was broadcast in 1971 by The Voice of America and the UN Radio and later recorded in a worldwide broadcast.. http://www.sufimovementincanada.ca/ABOUT/Inayat-Kha...dayat/

As for Russia, after 1921, all contacts with Inayat Khan were broken, and his name vanished until the collapse of the USSR. However, since 1991 Inayat Kyan’s books on Sufism have re-emerged to become a favorite reading of cosmopolitan Russians. Some of his music is also available now in Russia.[21] Inayat Khan: Sakuntala before Shiva (Musical illustrations) Video #1 of 3

Gandhi in the USSR

The name of Gandhi reappeared in Russia when the USSR and India under Jawaharlal Nehru[22]Jawaharlal Nehru (1889 – 1964) was a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He emerged as a leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Gandhi. He was India’s Prime Minister from 1947 until his death in 1964. He is the architect of the modern Indian nation-state: a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jawaharlal_Nehru were forging mutual ties via the Non-Allied countries movement[23]The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc. As of 2012, the movement has 120 members. It was established in 1961 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. An initiative of Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito and Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru led to the first Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries. Its purpose has been to ensure the sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries to resist imperialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-Aligned_Movement to counter both Communist China and “Imperialist” America. Those ties were further strengthened under Nehru’s daughter Indira Gandhi.[24]Indira Gandhi (née Nehru; 1917 – 1984), was an Indian stateswoman and a central figure of the Indian National Congress. She was the first and only female Prime Minister of India. Indira Gandhi was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India. She served as Prime Minister from January 1966 to March 1977 and again from January 1980 until her assassination in October 1984, making her the second longest-serving Indian Prime Minister after her father. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indira_Gandhi She was not related to Mahatma Gandhi, but his heritage was fundamental to India, both domestically and in foreign affairs. To be sure, Soviet respect was officially paid to the founder of India’s independence from the British rule. Still, in spite of the official proclamations of Indian-Russian brotherhood—the slogan of “Hindi –Russi bhai bhai” was ubiquitous in the USSR– Soviet propaganda made it clear that Gandhi’s non-violent tactics were not just inferior but contrary to the Marxist-Leninist theory of violent world revolution of which the USSR was the first champion.

Helena Blavatsky, Nicolas Roerich, and Rabindranath Tagore

Of course, the range of Russian-Indian cultural interface was considerably wider than that of Leo Tolstoy, Mahatma Gandhi, and Inayat Khan. Helena Blavatsky (1831 –1891),[25]Helena Blavatsky (1831 – 1891) was a Russian occultist, philosopher, and author who co-founded the Theosophical Society in 1875. She gained an international following as the leading theoretician of Theosophy, the esoteric religion that the society promoted. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helena_Blavatsky thanks to her inroads into India, emerged a very significant conduit of cultural interchange with India on a global scale.

Her creation of the Theosophical Society[26]The Theosophical Society in America encourages open-minded inquiry into world religions, philosophy, science, and the arts in order to understand the wisdom of the ages, respect the unity of all life, and help people explore spiritual self-transformation. For more information visit us at theosophical.org

https://www.youtube.com/user/TheosophicalSociety
affected not just India and Russia, but also the United States, United Kingdom and other Western countries. According to Wikipedia, “in November 1889 she was visited by the Indian lawyer Mohandas Gandhi”. Having become an associate member of Blavatsky’s Lodge in March 1891, Gandhi emphasized “the close connection between Theosophy and Hinduism throughout his life”. However, her dabbling with theosophy, ancient religions, and esoteric science virtually excluded her from the attention of Soviet-born generations of Russia.

Nicholas Roerich (1874 –1947),[27]Nicholas Roerich (1874 –1947) was a Russian painter, writer, archaeologist, theosophist, philosopher, and public figure, who in his youth was drawn to a movement in Russian society toward the spiritual. He was interested in hypnosis and other spiritual practices and his paintings are said to have hypnotic expression. A world traveler, he lived in India for long periods, as well as in the US. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_Roerich the famed Russian painter and cosmopolitan philosopher, was more fortunate in the USSR, in spite of his early opposition to the Communist revolution. Later, he was partially “rehabilitated” due to his staying close to the Indira Gandhi family which promoted better Soviet-Indian relations. A lover of peace, Roerich was thrice nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. He worked for the creation of the Pax Cultura, a sort of “Red Cross” for art and culture. On April 15, 1935 the United States and twenty other nations of the Pan-American Union signed the Roerich Pact at the White House. It was an early international instrument protecting cultural property for the benefit of mankind. There is the Nicholas Roerich Museum in New York,[28]Nicholas Roerich Museum in New York http://www.roerich.org/museum-about.php as well as in a number of Russian towns.

Nicholas Roerich Museum in NYC
Nicholas Roerich Museum in NYC
Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore (1861 – 1941)[29]Rabindranath Tagore (1861 – 1941) was a Bengali poet, musician and artist. He reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Author of Gitanjali and its “profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse”, he became in 1913 the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Tagore’s poetic songs were viewed as spiritual and mercurial; however, his “elegant prose and magical poetry” remain largely unknown outside Bengal., a poet, musician and artist, has also become not just an Indian cultural hero, but a pillar of universal culture. His opposition to racism, chauvinism and narrow nationalism made him friends with many world figures, including Albert Einstein[30]Albert Einstein (1879 –1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics alongside quantum mechanics. His work is known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He is best known to the general public for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2, which has been dubbed “the world’s most famous equation”. Не received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Einstein
(1879 – 1955), who was also a great admirer of Gandhi’s Non-Violence. (Einstein called Gandhi “a role model for the generations to come.”) In the USSR Tagore was regarded as a friend, and his works were published, however, selectively. Einstein, on the other hand, was proscribed because Communists viewed Marx’s “science” so absolute that it could not allow any “relativism.” However, for the purpose of this essay, I have to leave these three personalities aside precisely because their achievements require more space than what I can now offer.

Back to Russia’s National Identity

When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, it became necessary to find a new ideational, ethical and spiritual framework for Russia’s domestic as well as foreign policy. A general feeling was that the New Russia, in order to buttress its claim to sovereignty, had to fall back on its pre-Communist national past for inspiration, if not for the framework.[31]For background and more detailed discussion of Solzhenitsyn’s work please read my book: Vladislav Krasnov, “Russia Beyond Communism: A Chronicle of National Rebirth,” (1991) https://www.abebooks.com/9780813383613/Russia-Beyond...17/plp

and a recent article “Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s Relevance TodayInternational “Reading Solzhenitsyn” Conference in Lyndon, Vermont, September 7-8, 2018. VLADISLAV KRASNOV • DECEMBER 17, 2018
It was not an easy task, for the early Lenin government and its successors left no stone unturned in their efforts to erase Russia’s national identity, especially its Eastern Orthodox Christian heritage, as well as its ancient customs, art, and literature, both in Russian language and the languages of national minorities who identified themselves with Russian civilization.

After the collapse of the USSR, the triumphant USA was not interested in the New Russia’s sovereignty, much less in the revival of Russian civilizational identity. As convincingly argued by professor Janine Wedel among other authors, during the 1990s the USA spared no efforts to establish in Russia an economic system fully compatible with and subordinated to the neoliberal brand of economics that garnered then currency in the West.[32]Collision and Collusion: The Strange Case of Western Aid to Eastern Europe, 1989-1998. Janine R. Wedel. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998. http://janinewedel.info/collisionreview_ForgnServ.html Along with the shock therapy economic reforms the American cultural influence flooded Russia with mass advertisement, consumerism, “political correctness” in gender politics, drugs, cheap and sexy Hollywood products, etc.

Solzhenitsyn warned of trouble from the West

But the one man who had in advance warned the Russians against surrendering to Western cultural imperialism was Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, the foremost champion against Soviet totalitarianism, whom Soviet leaders kicked out of Russia. Of all countries, he chose the United States as a place of refuge from which he was best able to restore Russia’s true history from the sources unavailable in the USSR. Solzhenitsyn appreciated American liberties, but was also aware of the shallowness of its mass culture and the lack of commitment to spiritual values. Above all, he knew that one cannot simply export a form of government, no matter how “good,” from one country to another as a kind of commodity. That’s why, before he returned to Russia in 1994, he had warned fellow Russians “not to lift the Iron Curtain in a hurry, for as soon as you do, you will get flooded by a flow of sewage”.

Repentance and Self-limitation in the Life of Nations

Solzhenitsyn was more prescient than that. In 1973 he wrote REPENTANCE AND SELF-LIMITATION IN THE LIFE OF NATIONS, an essay in the collection of several Soviet dissident authors. Titled “From Under the Rubble” the collection was circulated in clandestine samizdat as it was aimed to explore how Russia could exit from what they felt was the dead-end of Communism. It was published by Russian émigré in the West in 1974 and then translated into English.[33]Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, From Under The Rubble.

The gift of repentance, which perhaps more than anything else distinguishes man from the animal world is particularly difficult for modern man to recover. We have, every last one of us, grown ashamed of this feeling; and its effect on social life anywhere on earth is less and less easy to discern. The habit of repentance is lost to our whole callous and chaotic age,” started the essay. Solzhenitsyn clearly aimed, first of all, at Soviet citizens who knew about the need to confess political mistakes to Party officials, but not about the need to clear one’s conscience for trespassing on a fellow next door.

Expanding his message beyond the USSR, Solzhenitsyn predicted that “true repentance and self-limitation will shortly reappear in the personal and the social sphere, that a hollow place in modern man is ready to receive them,” because it is a psychological need for healthy human relationships. Addressing his clandestine readers he argued that “…the time has come to consider this as a path for whole nations to follow.”

Alarmed by the escalation of the Cold War he warned: “Add to this the white-hot tension between nations and races and we can say without suspicion of over-statement that without repentance it is in any case doubtful if we can survive”.

Clearly, Solzhenitsyn’s concern was not only with the survival of his homeland but mankind as a whole.

It is by now only too obvious how dearly mankind has paid for the fact that we have all throughout the ages preferred to censure, denounce and hate others, instead of censuring, denouncing and hating ourselves. But obvious though it may be, we are even now, with the twentieth century on its way out, reluctant to recognize that the universal dividing line between good and evil runs not between countries, not between nations … it cuts across nations and parties … It divides the heart of every man, and there too it is not a ditch dug once and for all, but fluctuates with the passage of time and according to a man’s behavior.

Reading the above lines, one is bound to think that they could have been uttered by Mahatma Gandhi, the father of non-violent philosopher. Though he did not mention Gandhi in this instance, Solzhenitsyn’s essay reveals an uncanny affinity with Gandhi’s philosophy of Non-Violence. After all, do not great minds run in the same channels?

As much as Solzhenitsyn was concerned with Russia, he knew that the virus of Marxist-Leninist violence[34]Manifesto of the Communist Party. By Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. February 1848

The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims. They openly declare that their ends can

be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions. Let the ruling classes

tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They

have a world to win”. p. 34. https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/download...to.pdf
had already affected a third of mankind and targeted the rest. He was intently looking for the antidotes and, ultimately, for the cure for this dangerous universal affliction.

Also remarkable is the fact that Solzhenitsyn was the initiator of this collection. It had been hand-copied and circulated in “samizdat” before it was published in the West. As early as the 1970s Solzhenitsyn was planning a peaceful evolutionary exit from the dead-end of Communism across the rubble left of pre-1917 Russia.

Letter to the Soviet Leaders

Not only did Solzhenitsyn initiate the dissident authors’ collection of 1973, but he also wrote his famous “Letter to the Soviet Leaders”.[35]Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn, LETTER TO THE SOVIET LEADERS, 1973

See its discussion in Krasnov, “Russia Beyond Communism: A Chronicle of National Rebirth, and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s Relevance Today
To make it difficult for “the leaders” to plead ignorance and thus avoid personal responsibility, he mailed copies to each of a dozen Party Politburo members. Thus, He followed one of the principles of Gandhi’s non-violence philosophy: to appeal to the conscience and good reason of your opponent in order to make a friend out of a perceived enemy.

Indeed, he did not offend the Soviet leaders by asking them to resign. He did not even insist on having an open national election. He did not insist on disbanding the ruling Communist party. He just asked them to be more pragmatic and less dogmatic rulers. Just stay in power, he told them, but allow patriotic Russians of non-Communist persuasion, especially Orthodox Christians, into the governing bodies. Stop insisting on the purity of your ideology. Or, even better, since Mao Zedong[36]Mao Zedong was a Chinese communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People’s Republic of China, which he ruled from 1949 until his death in 1976. Wikipedia was then accusing Soviet leaders of revisionism, Solzhenitsyn advised giving away the whole ideological business to Communist China. As to the border republics, allow them to hold referenda to decide if they want to stay part of our country. Clearly, all of Solzhenitsyn’s suggestions were conciliatory as they aimed at a gradual and peaceful evolution of Soviet system away from its totalitarian dogmatism and inflexibility.

Alas, the “Soviet leaders” proved to be back-sitting bureaucrats. Even worse: soon they voted with Leonid Brezhnev[37]Leonid Brezhnev was a Soviet politician of Ukrainian ethnicity, who led the USSR from 1964 until his death in 1982 as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. Wikipedia and his Politburo to deprive Russia’s brave and wise son of his native land. A real chance for a gradual and peaceful evolution of the USSR into a Russian nation-state was missed.

Solzhenitsyn invoked Gandhi in his Commandment: Live Not By Lies

Solzhenitsyn knew that his immediate task was to free his fellow Soviet citizens from Fear: the fear to be deprived of social privileges, to lose job, even to be imprisoned. For, as soon as one expressed doubt about the official Marxist-Leninist ideology which had a very special status as the official faith of all Soviet people as well as the guiding star for the “liberation” of mankind, one became a pariah. On February 12, 1974, Solzhenitsyn penned a short Manifesto titled “Live Not By Lies[38]Live Not By Lies. By Alexander Solzhenitsyn. in the hope to have it circulated among Moscow’s intellectuals.

It is dated the same day that secret police broke into his apartment and arrested him. The next day he was exiled to West Germany. The essay is a call to moral courage. It serves as light to all who value truth. “Live Not By Lies” is the only text, as far as I know, where Solzhenitsyn invokes the name of Gandhi.

Painfully aware that the means to resist the totalitarian state for Soviet citizens were extremely limited, he could not ask them to participate in non-violent Gandhi-style protests and acts of disobedience. He knew that all attempts to organize or participate in such protest would immediately end in arrests. He could not even ask journalists, professors and teachers to truthfully describe what they saw in the country. No such acts were tolerated. So, “Let the (official) lie cover and possess the whole country. But the least one can do is not to repeat it. Let the lie rule, but not via my mouth. And this would be a real break-through out of our habitual inaction. Such a decision is the easiest one can take, and yet the most effective in destroying lie. For when people step away from a lie, the lie loses its nourishment. For, like any virus, the lie uses people as its carriers”.

Solzhenitsyn states the dilemma of Soviet citizens: “When violence intrudes into peaceful life, its face glows with self-confidence, as if it were carrying a banner and shouting: “I am violence. Run away, make way for me—I will crush you.” But violence quickly grows old. It has lost confidence in itself, and in order to maintain a respectable face it summons falsehood as its ally—since violence lays its ponderous paw not every day and not on every shoulder. It demands from us only obedience to lies and daily participation in lies—all loyalty lies in lies”.

Western sovietologists, as the profession was then called, failed to understand everyday Soviet reality because they judged the USSR by the standards of an authoritarian Tsarist Russia and could not imagine that Marxist-Leninist ideology, imported as it was from the “progressive” West, could degenerate into a much more brutal and efficient totalitarian police state.

To explain the difference Solzhenitsyn invoked Gandhi’s name: “No, we are not called yet to city squares to proclaim the truth or just say aloud what we think. We are not mature enough to do so because it is scary. Therefore, let us just resist the compulsion to say something that our mind refuses to accept. This is OUR WAY, the easiest and most accessible in view of our ingrained cowardice. In any case, it is much easier than—do I dare to say—Gandhi’s acts of civil disobedience. All we can do under the circumstances is not to consciously support the lie”.[39]Translated by Vladislav Krasnov from the Russian original posted on the site http://www.solzhenitsyn.ru/proizvedeniya/publizisti...zi.pdf

Rebuilding Russia: Reflections and Tentative Proposals

Failing to respond to a growing pressure of dissident groups in the USSR, ignoring what Solzhenitsyn and other dissidents had published in the samizdat and abroad, Soviet leaders continued to waste time until finally, twelve years later, Mikhail Gorbachev[40]Mikhail Gorbachev (b. 1931) was the last leader of the USSR, having been General Secretary of the Communist Party from 1985 until 1991. He was the country’s head of state from 1988 until 1991, and President of the USSR from 1990 to 1991. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mikhail_Gorbachev (edited by VK) initiated perestroika and glasnost in an effort to start the country moving again. Alas, Gorbachev still held onto Communist ideology. But Solzhenitsyn proved steadfast. When the USSR was about to collapse, in 1990 he wrote the essay, “Rebuilding Russia : Reflections and Tentative proposals.”[41]Rebuilding Russia : reflections and tentative proposals

Let me repeat what I wrote about the essay shortly after[42]Vladislav Krasnov, Russia Beyond Communism: A Chronicle of National Rebirth, p. 53, and my article on Solzhenitsin’s Relevance Today https://www.unz.com/article/aleksandr-solzhenitsyns-...today/ it had appeared: “Solzhenitsyn’s central idea is that the particular form of government and economy is secondary to a nation’s spiritual foundations. ‘If the spiritual resources of a nation have dried up’, he says, ‘then not even the best form of government, nor any sort of industrial development, can save it from death.’ One of the chief sources of the present malady is precisely the fact that the Communists reversed the order of priority by putting the ‘cart’ of economic and political power before the ‘horse’ of spirituality of human relations. As a result, not only the country’s political institutions, economy, and ecology but also ‘the souls’ of the people were destroyed in the name of the Marxist Utopia”.[43]

As he did in the early 197Os, Solzhenitsyn again eschewed Western emphases on democracy in his suggested alternatives to the Soviet regime. He rather favored a benevolent authoritarian government morally bound by Russia’s traditional Christian values. This does not mean that he was “against democracy.” It rather meant that he defended the right of Russia–or any country for this matter– to sovereignty, that is, the ability to work out a social and political system that suits best its geography, geopolitical situation, historical and cultural traditions, and, yes, democratic aspirations of its people that are best implemented when the country is free from foreign meddling.

Vladimir Putin and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Ever since I founded in 1992 the Russia & America Good Will Association (RAGA.org), I have argued that it is in both countries’ national interests to have friendly, at least, normal relation. More than once I urged US presidents, most recently in exchange of letters with President Barak Obama, to respect Russia’s sovereignty as the foundation for good relations.[44]OFFICIAL REPLY FROM PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: To An Open Letter – From Vladislav Krasnov Ph.D.

TO: Mr. Barack Obama, POTUS. http://www.raga.org/news/to-mr-barack-obama-potus
In a 2016 interview with Veterans Today I called attention to President Putin’s favorable attitude toward Solzhenitsyn, in particular, to his vision of Russia’s path of development.[45]Alexander Solzhenitsyn: Truth Can and Will Destroy the New World Order and Satanism. By Jonas E. Alexis/ Interview with Vladislav Krasnov -July 14, 2016

Putin defined patriotism by quoting Solzhenitsyn, that it is not any sort of state ideology but a feeling of attachment to Mother Russia. Putin invoked Solzhenitsyn again when he recently spoke in favor of “nationalism in a good sense,” that is, not any sort of xenophobia toward other nations, but the need to affirm one’s national identity, nurture the roots of one’s national traditions, including religious beliefs, while affirming the secular foundations of its Constitution.

Also, to celebrate Solzhenitsyn’s Centenary since his birth on December 11, 1918, the Putin government supported scholarly conferences in a number of Russian towns. Russkiy Mir Foundation worked jointly with Northern Vermont University to sponsor Solzhenitsyn’s Centenary in Lyndon, Vermont, in September 2018.[46]Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s Relevance Today. International “Reading Solzhenitsyn” Conference in Lyndon, Vermont, September 7-8, 2018. By VLADISLAV KRASNOV On December 11, 2018 Putin was present during the unveiling of a statue of Solzhenitsyn in Moscow.

But let me quote Joseph Pearce, the author of a brilliant 2001 book “Solzhenitsyn: A Soul in Exile,”[47]Joseph Pearce, Solzhenitsyn: A Soul in Exile https://www.amazon.com/Solzhenitsyn-Soul-Exile-Josep...174967 about his observations on the fate of Solzhenitsyn in Putin’s Russia– and the USA: “In Vladimir Putin’s Russia, the greatest classic of anti-communist literature is now compulsory reading in all high schools. If the same could be said of the high schools of the United States, we would not have the endemic historical and political ignorance that has led to the widespread sympathy for communism among young Americans. In light of this, and in light of Mr. Putin’s evident admiration for Solzhenitsyn, let’s not try to pretend that Russia is a communist nation. We don’t need to like Vladimir Putin. We don’t need to admire him. But we do need to acknowledge that Russia has moved on from the evils of socialism, even as we are in danger of embracing those very same evils”.[48]Joseph Pearce, “Vladimir Putin and Alexander Solzhenitsyn”. The Imaginative Conservative. Aug 20, 2018

As I have lived long in both countries, I can confirm that Pearce’s observations largely coincide with my own. I certainly witnessed “the widespread sympathy for communism among young Americans” when I taught Russian and Soviet studies in the States during 1966 to 1991. Now those sympathies seem to have grown in the West, albeit in different forms, such as the Neo-Marxism, the Frankfurt School, and so-called “Cultural Marxism”.[49]Cultural Marxism Is the Main Source of Modern Confusion. Having largely disappeared from the workers’ movement, Marxism flourishes today in the academic world and in the mass media. October 18, 2018

The only disagreement I have with Pearce is about “the evils of socialism” that he seems to equate with Communism. I think the ideals and practices of socialism need not be evil per se. However, the reality of the USSR, they became “evil” because socialism was imposed by violence. Solzhenitsyn did express his criticism of socialism for being imposed by force in the USSR, most eloquently in his polemic with Andrei Sakharov.[50]Александр Солженицын. На возврате дыхания и сознания. (По поводу трактата А. Д. Сахарова “Размышления о прогрессе, мирном сосуществовании и интеллектуальной свободе”) http://www.lib.ru/PROZA/SOLZHENICYN/s_revial.txt But this does not mean that he rejected it in principle. In fact, both Russia and the USA have elements of socialism in healthcare (mostly in Russia), progressive taxation (more so in the USA) and US retirement benefits. Moreover, the ESOP (Employee stock ownership plan)[51]The ESOP, Employee stock ownership plan https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Employee_stock_ownersh...p_plan enterprises seem to be a form of socialism that is more widely spread in the USA and UK than in Russia.

As for Putin, he recently said that he did not think that socialism could be restored in Russia. But at the same time he defended some socialist practices in Russia today.[52]МОСКВА, 20 декабря, 2018. /ТАСС/. Президент России Владимир Путин считает невозможной реставрацию социализма в стране. https://tass.ru/politika/5935598 I think those practices are actually needed as a counterbalance to oligarchic crony capitalism that perpetuates social injustice as it hampers economic vitality in both the USA and Russia.

On the other hand, I find myself in agreement with both Pearce and The Imaginative Conservative when they proclaim “the principle of appreciation to the discussion of culture and politics—we approach dialogue with magnanimity rather than with mere civility.” This is very much in agreement with Solzhenitsyn’s philosophy of polyphony and respectful dialogue that he proclaimed both as an artist and as a social healer.[53]Vladislav Krasnov, “Solzhenitsyn and Dostoevsky: A Study in the Poly phonic Novel” (1980, Athens: Georgia) and Russia Beyond Communism: A Chronicle of National Rebirth (a 1991 book) and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s Relevance Today.

Putin on Gandhi, Mandela, and Solzhenitsyn

Once, during an international press-conference at the G8 Summit in 2007, when asked whether he was a true democrat, Putin, answered in the affirmative. But then, pointing out the wave of violence across the United State and Europe, he made Western infatuation with democracy sound hollow. Then he made the impromptu remark that “There is no one to talk to since Mahatma Gandhi died”.[54]President Putin’s Interview with G8 Newspaper Journalists. 06/09/07 “ICH” – 06/06/07 Mathaba News Network http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article17855.htm A few years later on December 8, 2016, he admitted that his oft quoted remark was made in a jovial mode. Yet, there is no doubt that Putin admires Gandhi as a prophet of Non-Violence just as he admires Solzhenitsyn as a man who challenged the mighty Soviet state with truth and courage—and won!

Western mainstream media did not report about Vladimir Putin’s visit to the South African Embassy in Moscow when Nelson Mandela,[55]Nelson Mandela (1918 –2013) was a South African anti-apartheid political leader, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country’s first black head of state and the first elected in a democratic election. He dismantled the legacy of apartheid by fostering racial reconciliation. Ideologically an African nationalist and socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997. Alongside Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. he was one of the 20th century’s exemplary anti-racist and anti-colonial leaders, promoting toleration, liberal democracy and social justice. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela once an ardent Marxist-Leninist guerilla fighter, passed away on December of 2013. But The Economic Times of India did. That’s what it said on December 10, 2013 under the heading: Mandela’s magnitude compares to Gandhi, Solzhenitsyn: Putin.[56]Mandela’s magnitude compares to Gandhi, Solzhenitsyn: Putin. //economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/27182771.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst

Russian President Vladimir Putin today paid rich tribute to Nelson Mandela, comparing the colossus of 20th century politics to Mahatma Gandhi and Soviet dissident Alexander Solzhenitsyn. Mandela “is undoubtedly one of the outstanding world figures in the 20th and 21st centuries, and his magnitude compares to that of Mahatma Gandhi and Alexander Solzhenitsyn…” Putin hailed Mandela as a “great humanist of the 21st century” and said his policy should become an example to follow. Putin compared Mandela to both Gandhi and Solzhenitsyn. Courageous and wise, Nelson Mandela always fought consistently for his convictions but remained a great humanist and peacemaker. This approach is needed in today’s world: the search for compromises is the best basis for consensus and cooperation,” the Russian President wrote in the condolence book at the South African embassy here.

Reading the above lines, especially, when Putin compared Mandela with both Gandhi and Solzhenitsyn, one has to conclude that the three sages have served as guiding stars for Putin’s domestic and foreign policy. To be sure, wishing to follow somebody’s example, sincere as it might be, does not necessarily lead to adequate implementation of the goal. However, in the very least, Putin’s statement “the search for compromises is the best basis for consensus and cooperation” can serve as a bench-mark by which he and other world leaders will be judged. It is all the more remarkable because in the USSR the very word “kompromis” was disdained as a bourgeois trick.

Recently, Rudolf Siebert, professor of Comparative Religion at Western Michigan University,[57]Rudolf Siebert, Western Michigan University https://wmich.edu/religion/directory/siebert See also https://www.rudolfjsiebert.org/ http://www.peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=51 my friend and associate, wrote an article in honor of Gandhi for the Global Harmony Association.[58]Global Harmony Association front page http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=home He convincingly argued that Martin Luther King, Jr.,[59]Martin Luther King Jr (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister who became the leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his assassination in 1968. Born in Atlanta, he advanced civil rights through Non-Violence and civil disobedience, tactics his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi helped inspire. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Luther_King_Jr . the American champion of human rights and peaceful resistance, who died a martyr’s death for his cause, was also inspired by Gandhi’s teaching of Non-Violence.

Siebert did not fail to invoke Jesus preaching the Christian commandment: “You have learned how it was said: Eye for eye and tooth for tooth. But I say this to you; offer the wicked man no resistance. On the contrary, if anyone hits you on the right cheek, offer him the other as well; if a man takes you to law and would have your tunic, let him have your cloak as well. And if anyone orders you to go one mile, go two miles with him. Give to anyone who asks, and if anyone wants to borrow, do not turn away”. (Exodus 21: 24-25; Matthew 5: 38-42; 7: 12).

Siebert admits that Christian countries have largely ignored this commandment through centuries of history. So, it is hardly surprising that Siebert credits Gandhi for inspiring non-violence in modern world: “The Christian Martin Luther King came to the Christian commandment of non-violent resistance through the Hindu Mahatma Gandhi, and both practiced it, and both died for it a violent martyr’s death of freedom, like the one who preached the Sermon on the Mount in the first place”.

Remarkably, Siebert also praises Putin for following the precept of Non-Violence in Russia’s foreign policy: thus Russia “did not retaliate, when in recent years its plane was shot down over Turkey, and its ambassador there was assassinated, and last Christmas its diplomats were sent back home from Washington D. C. to Moscow. That non-retaliation is moral progress in world history!”

The Gandhi theme has been central for the latest exchange of visits between India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi[60]Narendra Modi is the current Prime Minister of India since 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014. Modi is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narendra_Modi and President Putin. In December 2015, during Modi’s visit to the Kremlin,[61]Putin presented the items to Modi while they discussed issues of mutual interest for both countries.

https://www.hindustantimes.com/india/mahatma-gandhi-...N.html
Putin presented him a page of Mahatma’s handwritten note. Putin’s second gift to Modi was an 18th century Bengali sword, alluding, perhaps, that the two countries, committed as they are to peaceful co-existence in foreign policy, do not forget about the need of military cooperation in defense. Three years later, when Putin arrived to New Delhi, Modi honored him by the presentation of Gandhi’s favorite bhajan ‘Vaishnava Jana To’[62]Vaishnava Jana To is a Hindu bhajan, written in the 15th century by the poet Narsinh Mehta. The poem speaks about the life, ideals and mentality of a follower of Vishnu.This song became popular during the life time of M.K.Gandhi and was rendered as bhajan in his Sabarmati Ashram. It was popular among freedom fighters throughout India. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaishnava_Jana_To performed by a Russian artist Sati Kazanova on a mobile phone – a gesture that reflected the close friendship between the two leaders.[63]PM Narendra Modi shows Russia President Vladimir Putin rendition of Gandhi’s favorite bhajan

written by PTI October 6, 2018 https://www.freepressjournal.in/headlines/pm-narendr...369629

Sharon Tennison’s New Year Greeting

After talking about a whole roster of outstanding wise men who dedicated themselves to the ideals of peace, justice, and harmony in domestic and foreign affairs—Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Nelson Mandela, and Solzhenitsyn, it would only be fair to conclude with a New 2019 Year Greeting I got from an American woman who has been just as dedicated to the same ideals. It is Sharon Tennison, the founder and work-horse of the Center for Citizen Initiatives of San Francisco (CCISF.org)[64]CCI Vision and Mission: Our world has never faced a more challenging era than today. Massive nuclear arsenals are once again pointed between the United States and Russia. Misunderstandings, fallacious accusations, false flags and demonizing propaganda dominate our print media and television screens. At CCI, we experienced one other such dangerous period in 1980. We flew in between the two enemy nations and dared to try to understand the challenges on both sides…. our citizen-to-citizen programs began to soften the environment between the two Superpowers of that era. Other American groups also got involved. War was averted and good relations began to grow in the 1990s. https://ccisf.org/

New 2019 Year Greeting from Sharon Tennison https://ccisf.org/happy-new-years-2019/#more-3676

Best Wishes to You for a Wonderful Creative Year in 2019 upon which we are now embarking!

I wonder if you are deeply grateful as I am that our planet has survived this past tumultuous year? Given the numbers of surrogate war-making threats and incursions in numerous areas of the world, i.e. Syria, Afghanistan, Ukraine, Iran, Iraq, Venezuela, Bolivia, Nicaragua, the Baltic states and others … we are lucky that none have ignited an all-consuming conflagration. Perhaps parity of nuclear weapons and instant delivery systems maintained the tenuous peace between the two nuclear giants of the world––our nation and Russia. For whatever the reasons, I’m deeply grateful that we have a bit more time ahead to develop beyond the warring mentalities among us.

Sharon’s letter was not personal and did not need to be. I just happen to be on her list as she is on my RAGA.org list. Sharon knows Russia, as she has been taking American group to Russia every year. It still helps to send such letters to hundreds of kindred souls to alert them that we live in a world that is more dangerous now than it ever was during the Cold War of the 20th century. Our Planet, abused, injured, neglected and defamed as it has been, is still Our Beautiful Mother Earth. Its Beauty is in the eyes of the beholders who are now urged to hurry to her rescue. First of all, we should call for an extra-ordinary UN General Assembly session with one item on its agenda, Arms Control and Nuclear Disarmament, starting with the reductions of nuclear stockpiles and delivery systems. I am sure that all of the great men I mentioned above would support the agenda. But they need help! So I say “Planetarians of the World, Unite!”–before it is too late.

Author: Dr. Vladislav Krasnov (aka W George Krasnow), former professor and head of the Russian Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies, currently runs an Association of Americans for Friendship with Russia, RAGA (www.raga.org ). He is the author of Solzhenitsyn and Dostoevsky: A Study in the Polyphonic Novel and Russia Beyond Communism: A Chronicle of National Rebirth. Email: [email protected]

Notes

[1] In 2007, Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday, the 2nd of October, was declared by the United Nations as the International Day of Non-Violence, now celebrated all over the globe. His was a life of austerity, tolerance, courage and struggle. https://www.gandhi.gov.in/gandhi-celebration.html

[2] SOLZHENITSYN CENTENNIAL. DECEMBER 11, 2018 MARKS THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF NOBEL PRIZE LAUREATE ALEKSANDR SOLZHENITSYN’S BIRTHDAY https://www.solzhenitsyncenter.org/celebrating-100-years/

[3] Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948 in the Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti). His assassin was Nathuram Godse, an Indian nationalist who in 1940 formed an armed organization. Godse and his accomplice were hanged on 15 November 1949. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assassination_of_Mahatma_Gandhi

[4] Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (11 December 1918 – 3 August 2008) was a Russian novelist and philosopher of history. He was an outspoken critic of the Soviet Union and communism and helped to raise global awareness of its Gulag forced labor camp system. He was allowed to publish only one work in the Soviet Union, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962), in the periodical Novy Mir. After this he was obliged to publish in the West, most notably The First Circle, Cancer Ward (1968), August 1914 (1971), and The Gulag Archipelago (1973). He was awarded the 1970 Nobel Prize in Literature “for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature.” Expelled from the USSR in 1974, he returned to Russia in 1994 after the state’s dissolution. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleksandr_Solzhenitsyn Edited by VK

[5] The Sharashka Phenomenon. Posted on March 10, 2011 by Asif Siddiqi

http://russianhistoryblog.org/2011/03/the-sharashka-phenomenon/

[6] In 1956 Nikita Khrushchev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the USSR, denounced Stalinism in his speech On the Cult of Personality. Then the government began to “rehabilitate” political prisoners, allowing them to return home and reclaim their lives. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rehabilitation_(Soviet)

[7] On Solzhenitsyn’s funeral see https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/aug/06/russia

[8] Mohandas Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, he led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahātmā (Sanskrit: “high-souled”, “venerable”) applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa– is now used worldwide. In India, he is also called the Father of the Nation. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahatma_Gandhi

[9] Their correspondence during 1909-1910 is available both in English and Russian translation: Сергеенко А. П. ПЕРЕПИСКА Л.Н.ТОЛСТОГО С М.К.ГАНДИ http://antimilitary.narod.ru/antology/gandi/ghandi_tolstoj.htm

[10] Count Lev Tolstoy (1828 – 1910), usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time. In the 1870s Tolstoy experienced a moral crisis, followed by a spiritual awakening, as outlined in his non-fiction work A Confession (1882). His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist. Tolstoy’s ideas on nonviolent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You (1894), had a profound impact on such pivotal 20th-century figures as Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leo_Tolstoy

[11] Inayat Khan Rehmat Khan (Urdu: عنایت خان‎; 1882 – 1927) was the teacher of Universal Sufism. He initially came to the West as a Northern Indian classical musician, but he soon turned to the transmission of Sufi thought and practice. In 1923 the Sufi Order of London was enlarged, under Swiss law, into the “International Sufi Movement”. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inayat_Khan

[12] Alexander Scriabin (6 January 1872 – 27 April 1915) was a Russian composer and pianist. Influenced by the works of Frederic Chopin, he composed works that are in a highly tonal idiom. Independently of Arnold Schoenberg, he created an atonal and dissonant musical system agreeing with his brand of mysticism. He also associated colors with the harmonic tones of his atonal scale. He is regarded as the Russian Symbolist composer. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Scriabin

[13] Vyacheslav Ivanov (28 February 1866 – 16 July 1949) was a Russian poet and playwright associated with the Russian Symbolist movement. He was also a philosopher, translator, and literary critic. He died in exile in Rome, Italy. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vyacheslav_Ivanov_(poet)

[14] Владимир Иванович Поль (1875- 1962, Париж) — русский композитор, пианист, педагог, музыкально-общественный деятель, художник. https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Поль,_Владимир_Иванович

[15] Count Sergei Lvovich Tolstoy (10 July 1863, Yasnaya Polyana – 23 December 1947, Moscow) was a composer and ethnomusicologist who was among the first Europeans to make an in-depth study of the music of India. He was also an associate of the Sufi mystic, Inayat Khan, and participated in helping the Doukhobors move to Canada. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergei_Tolstoy

[16] Хазрат Инайят Хан (англ. Inayat Khan; 1882 —1927) — индийский музыкант и философ, суфий, проповедовавший суфизм в западных странах и России, известен своими многочисленными книгами о суфизме, переведёнными на многие языки. https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Хан,_Инайят

[17] Salaam and Greetings of Peace: https://darvish.wordpress.com/tag/hazrat-inayat-khan/ . I am not sure whether it was an actual letter exchange or a juxtaposition of similar philosophical attitudes. VK

[18] Noor-un-Nisa Inayat Khan (1914 –1944), aka Nora Inayat-Khan, was a British heroine of World War II renowned for her service in the Special Operations Executive. Under the name of Nora Baker she was a published author. Captured by the Germans, she died in the Dachau concentration camp, and posthumously awarded the George Cross for her service, the highest civilian decoration in the UK. She became the first female wireless operator to be sent from Britain into occupied France to aid the French Resistance during World War II, and was Britain’s first Muslim war heroine. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noor_Inayat_Khan

More in Russian https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Нур_Инайят_Хан

[19] Hidayat Inayat Khan (1917 –2016) was a British-French classical composer, conductor and Representative-General of the International Sufi Movement. Hidayat was born in London to Sufi Master Inayat Khan and Pirani Ameena Begum; brother of Noor Inayat Khan. His musical education began in Paris in 1932 at the Ecole Normale de Musique, in the violin class of Bernard Sinsheimer; the composition class of Nadia Boulanger. He attended chamber music courses by the Lener Quartet in Budapest. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hidayat_Inayat_Khan

[20] At the centenary for Mahatma Gandhi, on November 21st, 1969, Gandhi Symphony (opus 25) was performed in a special concert organized by UNESCO in Holland. It was broadcast in 1971 by The Voice of America and the UN Radio and later recorded in a worldwide broadcast.. http://www.sufimovementincanada.ca/ABOUT/Inayat-Khan-Family-Sufis/hidayat/

[21] Inayat Khan: Sakuntala before Shiva (Musical illustrations) Video #1 of 3

[22] Jawaharlal Nehru (1889 – 1964) was a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He emerged as a leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Gandhi. He was India’s Prime Minister from 1947 until his death in 1964. He is the architect of the modern Indian nation-state: a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jawaharlal_Nehru

[23] The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc. As of 2012, the movement has 120 members. It was established in 1961 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. An initiative of Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito and Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru led to the first Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries. Its purpose has been to ensure the sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries to resist imperialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-Aligned_Movement

[24] Indira Gandhi (née Nehru; 1917 – 1984), was an Indian stateswoman and a central figure of the Indian National Congress. She was the first and only female Prime Minister of India. Indira Gandhi was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India. She served as Prime Minister from January 1966 to March 1977 and again from January 1980 until her assassination in October 1984, making her the second longest-serving Indian Prime Minister after her father. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indira_Gandhi

[25] Helena Blavatsky (1831 – 1891) was a Russian occultist, philosopher, and author who co-founded the Theosophical Society in 1875. She gained an international following as the leading theoretician of Theosophy, the esoteric religion that the society promoted. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helena_Blavatsky

[26] The Theosophical Society in America encourages open-minded inquiry into world religions, philosophy, science, and the arts in order to understand the wisdom of the ages, respect the unity of all life, and help people explore spiritual self-transformation. For more information visit us at theosophical.org

https://www.youtube.com/user/TheosophicalSociety

[27] Nicholas Roerich (1874 –1947) was a Russian painter, writer, archaeologist, theosophist, philosopher, and public figure, who in his youth was drawn to a movement in Russian society toward the spiritual. He was interested in hypnosis and other spiritual practices and his paintings are said to have hypnotic expression. A world traveler, he lived in India for long periods, as well as in the US. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_Roerich

[28] Nicholas Roerich Museum in New York http://www.roerich.org/museum-about.php

[29] Rabindranath Tagore (1861 – 1941) was a Bengali poet, musician and artist. He reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Author of Gitanjali and its “profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse”, he became in 1913 the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Tagore’s poetic songs were viewed as spiritual and mercurial; however, his “elegant prose and magical poetry” remain largely unknown outside Bengal.

[30] Albert Einstein (1879 –1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics alongside quantum mechanics. His work is known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He is best known to the general public for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2, which has been dubbed “the world’s most famous equation”. Не received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Einstein

[31] For background and more detailed discussion of Solzhenitsyn’s work please read my book: Vladislav Krasnov, “Russia Beyond Communism: A Chronicle of National Rebirth,” (1991) https://www.abebooks.com/9780813383613/Russia-Beyond-Communism-Chronicle-National-0813383617/plp

and a recent article “Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s Relevance TodayInternational “Reading Solzhenitsyn” Conference in Lyndon, Vermont, September 7-8, 2018 . VLADISLAV KRASNOV • DECEMBER 17, 2018

[32] Collision and Collusion: The Strange Case of Western Aid to Eastern Europe, 1989-1998. Janine R. Wedel. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998. http://janinewedel.info/collisionreview_ForgnServ.html

[33] Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, From Under The Rubble.

[34] Manifesto of the Communist Party. By Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. February 1848

The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims. They openly declare that their ends can

be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions. Let the ruling classes

tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They

have a world to win”. p. 34. https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/download/pdf/Manifesto.pdf

[35] Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn, LETTER TO THE SOVIET LEADERS, 1973

See its discussion in Krasnov, “Russia Beyond Communism: A Chronicle of National Rebirth, and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s Relevance Today

[36] Mao Zedong was a Chinese communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People’s Republic of China, which he ruled from 1949 until his death in 1976. Wikipedia

[37] Leonid Brezhnev was a Soviet politician of Ukrainian ethnicity, who led the USSR from 1964 until his death in 1982 as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. Wikipedia

[38] Live Not By Lies. By Alexander Solzhenitsyn.

[39] Translated by Vladislav Krasnov from the Russian original posted on the site http://www.solzhenitsyn.ru/proizvedeniya/publizistika/stati_i_rechi/v_sovetskom_soyuze/jzit_ne_po_ljzi.pdf

[40] Mikhail Gorbachev (b. 1931) was the last leader of the USSR, having been General Secretary of the Communist Party from 1985 until 1991. He was the country’s head of state from 1988 until 1991, and President of the USSR from 1990 to 1991. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mikhail_Gorbachev (edited by VK)

[41]Rebuilding Russia : reflections and tentative proposals

[42] Vladislav Krasnov, Russia Beyond Communism: A Chronicle of National Rebirth, p. 53, and my article on Solzhenitsin’s Relevance Today https://www.unz.com/article/aleksandr-solzhenitsyns-relevance-today/

[43]

[44] OFFICIAL REPLY FROM PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: To An Open Letter – From Vladislav Krasnov Ph.D.

TO: Mr. Barack Obama, POTUS. http://www.raga.org/news/to-mr-barack-obama-potus

[45] Alexander Solzhenitsyn: Truth Can and Will Destroy the New World Order and Satanism. By Jonas E. Alexis/ Interview with Vladislav Krasnov -July 14, 2016

[46] Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s Relevance Today. International “Reading Solzhenitsyn” Conference in Lyndon, Vermont, September 7-8, 2018. By VLADISLAV KRASNOV

[47] Joseph Pearce, Solzhenitsyn: A Soul in Exile https://www.amazon.com/Solzhenitsyn-Soul-Exile-Joseph-Pearce/dp/1586174967

[48] Joseph Pearce, “Vladimir Putin and Alexander Solzhenitsyn”. The Imaginative Conservative. Aug 20, 2018

[49] Cultural Marxism Is the Main Source of Modern Confusion. Having largely disappeared from the workers’ movement, Marxism flourishes today in the academic world and in the mass media. October 18, 2018

[50] Александр Солженицын. На возврате дыхания и сознания. (По поводу трактата А. Д. Сахарова “Размышления о прогрессе, мирном сосуществовании и интеллектуальной свободе”) http://www.lib.ru/PROZA/SOLZHENICYN/s_revial.txt

[51] The ESOP, Employee stock ownership plan https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Employee_stock_ownership_plan

[52] МОСКВА, 20 декабря, 2018. /ТАСС/. Президент России Владимир Путин считает невозможной реставрацию социализма в стране. https://tass.ru/politika/5935598

[53] Vladislav Krasnov, “Solzhenitsyn and Dostoevsky: A Study in the Poly phonic Novel” (1980, Athens: Georgia) and Russia Beyond Communism: A Chronicle of National Rebirth (a 1991 book) and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s Relevance Today.

[54] President Putin’s Interview with G8 Newspaper Journalists. 06/09/07 “ICH” – 06/06/07 Mathaba News Network http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article17855.htm

[55] Nelson Mandela (1918 –2013) was a South African anti-apartheid political leader, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country’s first black head of state and the first elected in a democratic election. He dismantled the legacy of apartheid by fostering racial reconciliation. Ideologically an African nationalist and socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997. Alongside Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. he was one of the 20th century’s exemplary anti-racist and anti-colonial leaders, promoting toleration, liberal democracy and social justice. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela

[56] Mandela’s magnitude compares to Gandhi, Solzhenitsyn: Putin. //economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/27182771.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst

[57] Rudolf Siebert, Western Michigan University https://wmich.edu/religion/directory/siebert See also https://www.rudolfjsiebert.org/ http://www.peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=51

[58] Global Harmony Association front page http://peacefromharmony.org/?cat=home

[59] Martin Luther King Jr (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister who became the leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his assassination in 1968. Born in Atlanta, he advanced civil rights through Non-Violence and civil disobedience, tactics his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi helped inspire. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Luther_King_Jr .

[60] Narendra Modi is the current Prime Minister of India since 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014. Modi is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narendra_Modi

[61] Putin presented the items to Modi while they discussed issues of mutual interest for both countries.

https://www.hindustantimes.com/india/mahatma-gandhi-s-notes-and-an-indian-sword-putin-s-gift-to-modi/story-zOZWp6cAvL0xTfHrTyWC3N.html

[62] Vaishnava Jana To is a Hindu bhajan, written in the 15th century by the poet Narsinh Mehta. The poem speaks about the life, ideals and mentality of a follower of Vishnu.This song became popular during the life time of M.K.Gandhi and was rendered as bhajan in his Sabarmati Ashram. It was popular among freedom fighters throughout India. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaishnava_Jana_To

[63] PM Narendra Modi shows Russia President Vladimir Putin rendition of Gandhi’s favorite bhajan

written by PTI October 6, 2018 https://www.freepressjournal.in/headlines/pm-narendra-modi-shows-russia-president-vladimir-putin-rendition-of-gandhis-favourite-bhajan/1369629

[64] CCI Vision and Mission: Our world has never faced a more challenging era than today. Massive nuclear arsenals are once again pointed between the United States and Russia. Misunderstandings, fallacious accusations, false flags and demonizing propaganda dominate our print media and television screens. At CCI, we experienced one other such dangerous period in 1980. We flew in between the two enemy nations and dared to try to understand the challenges on both sides…. our citizen-to-citizen programs began to soften the environment between the two Superpowers of that era. Other American groups also got involved. War was averted and good relations began to grow in the 1990s. https://ccisf.org/

New 2019 Year Greeting from Sharon Tennison https://ccisf.org/happy-new-years-2019/#more-3676

 
• Category: History, Ideology • Tags: Gandhi, Russia, Solzhenitsyn 
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  1. anonymous[340] • Disclaimer says:

    Thanks to the author and publisher for this thorough, provocative essay.

    • Agree: Buzz Mohawk
  2. Petrus says:

    Thanks so much for this morally diligent article. It confirms that it is always right to hope for more benevolence and goodness to arise in the world, and that the pursuit of truth produces genuine justice, which is not a function of ideology or ethics, but rather, of morality.

    • Replies: @anon
  3. Seraphim says:

    Solzhenitsyn actually invokes the name of Ghandi to say that ‘this is not our way’.

    “Therefore, let us just resist the compulsion to say something that our mind refuses to accept. This is OUR WAY, the easiest and most accessible in view of our ingrained cowardice. In any case, it is much easier than—do I dare to say—Gandhi’s acts of civil disobedience. All we can do under the circumstances is not to consciously support the lie”.

    Solzhenitsyn’s way was that of Orthodoxy and of Russian ‘national identity’ formed and molded by it. I wouldn’t mix him with the anti-Orthodox currents that flowed through pre-Revolutionary Russia: Liberalism, Nihilism, Tolstoyism, Uniatism, Sophianism, Theosophism, Symbolism, Universal Sufism, Buddhism, Yogism, which prepared the terrain for the ‘Revolution’ and the erasure of the Russian ‘national identity’.

  4. Like the Czars had no gulags.

    • Replies: @Wally
    , @Che Guava
  5. I’m kinda more into Nina Simone.

    • Replies: @Che Guava
  6. roonaldo says:

    Hell, if Russian “national identity” (a concept too general to be useful) depended on adherence to the Orthodox Church, then there would be no hope for a nation so vast and varied. Fortunately, that is not the case. For those interested in themes raised in the essay and don’t mind having their views of reality challenged, you can’t go wrong reading “In Search of the Miraculous” by Russian mathematician P. D. Ouspensky.

    • Replies: @Seraphim
  7. Hardly says:

    Only Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn blessed the 20th century.

    Gandhi was a British toady.

    He prevented the people from kicking out the British way earlier with his peace, peace, peace bullshit, he was working for the occupier all along.

    When have the Jewish Central Bankers (whether they were running the British or the American empire) EVER left a country because the people didn’t fight back. The whole thing is BS even just on the face of it.

    The hero of the independence movement, Bhagat Singh, a great freedom fighter, was recommended to be hanged by Mahatma Gandhi. He could have saved him but chose not to.

    • Replies: @Wally
    , @Hanoodtroll
    , @Ivan
  8. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was a nationalist. He will be erased from history if the Magic Jews have their way. His comments on the Russian Revolution being a Jewish Revolution are true. The number of Christians killed from 1917-1957 is thought to be upwards of 40-60 million. Eighty-five percent of the Bolsheviks were Jews. Even numerous Jewish Rabbis have said the same thing. The purge of Christians and attacks on them from the Jews and their slaves continues to this day. The attacks of the Catholic students with the Native American SJW was basically the Organized Jewish Media in control. The publication of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s translations are now being stopped by the Magic Jews. Soon they will make Amazon and other book dealers remove them. They will tell you the history of the world and the fact they have never done one thing wrong and have never ever apologized for anything.

    Gandhi is now considered a racist by the SJWs. Mandela was a Communist and a murder. He also may have been working for British Intelligence (controlled by the Jews if you investigate). His wife Winnie is now part of the destruction process in S. Africa. She too was a murderer. Martin Luther King was a Communist, plagiarizer, drug user and frequented prostitutes (especially white women). He was also waiting for the “check to be delivered to his people.”

    I do not share any hope for the future. The world is controlled by a Corporate Military Industrial-Intelligence Police State that answer only to their Jewish Masters. We are just their pawns. I believe if Mahatma Gandhi and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn were alive today they would agree.

    • Agree: Che Guava, Druid
    • Replies: @Wally
    , @mike k
  9. First of all, this article made me think of my Irish childhood in the 1950s when “oldsters” were constantly lamenting the corrupting influence of foreign, mainly American, ideas on traditional Irish culture. The idea of “identity”, what makes “us” different from “them” seems to be inherent in European culture. The problem with the modern Russian Federation is not an attachment to traditional Russian culture, Mother Russia, if you will, nor even the idea that countries are entitled to defend their national sovereignty, but Putin’s unwillingness to respect the national sovereignty of the other post-Soviet states. Thus, trying to paint Putin as an admirer of Ghandi-style non-violence is patently ridiculous. Putin is what he is: a former secret policeman in a dictatorship who is accustomed to taking what he wants by brute force and answering to nobody. The problem isn’t Russia. The problem is Putin.

    • Replies: @Rich
    , @Che Guava
    , @bluedog
  10. Anon82 says:

    Excellent article, Mr. Krasnov.

  11. Seraphim says:
    @roonaldo

    Oh, yes I forgot the ‘Fourth Way’ of ‘Beelzebub’. But neither he was Russian.
    Try the ‘Ringing Cedars Anastasianism’.

  12. Moi says:

    Gandhi didn’t give a shit about the blacks in South Africa when he was there. He looked down on them.

    He also said Indians who were deemed “outcasts” under the caste system should just bear their lot in life because as an orthodox Hindu he believed in the caste system.

    • Replies: @peacenik
  13. Wally says:

    Not mentioned was Solzhenitsyn’s debunking of a major foundation of the fake & impossible holocaust” by noting that millions of ‘holocausted’ Jews were in fact moved by the Soviets.

    much more here:
    https://codoh.com/search/?sorting=relevance&q=Solzhenitsyn

    http://www.codoh.com

    • Replies: @republic
  14. Wally says:
    @niteranger

    “I believe if Mahatma Gandhi and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn were alive today they would agree.”

    Solzhenitsyn did agree.

    https://codoh.com/search/?sorting=relevance&q=Solzhenitsyn

  15. Wally says:
    @Hardly

    Not mentioned:

    Gandhi was not fond of Jews or blacks.

    • Replies: @Bill Jones
  16. Anonymous[724] • Disclaimer says:

    Was Ghandi known to be a pederast, or has that only been publicized since his death?

  17. @Seraphim

    Seraphim quoted Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s profound advisory: “All we can do under the circumstances is not to consciously support the lie.”

    Thanks for posting this, S.!

    Based upon having perused Solzhenitsyn’s essay, “Repentance and The Life of Nations,” * am figuring the late-great Russian Orthodox man would not mix well with the supreme moneychanger-architects of Globalism.

    * From A.S.’s book of essays, “Under the Rubble.”

  18. I don’t think equating Solzhenitsyn with Gandhi, Mandela or King puts him in a good light. Solzhenitsyn towers above all of them; he is a Russian genius on the order of Dostoevsky. The others are second-raters, famous only because of their being darlings of today’s (((media))). They will be forgotten when Solzhenitsyn’s name lives on.

    Last night my wife and I watched the Russian film “Tangerines”. I watch as many Russian films as I can. They are profound, well acted and deeply moving. Russian cinema is as superior to American as Dostoevsky is to Maja Anjelou or the latest Super Hero nonsense; as profound as the latter is superficial. If Russian cinema is any reflection of the overall state of Mind of the Russian people, then Gandhi, King and Mandela have nothing to teach the Russians but rather should, like America, pay attention and try to learn from their betters.

    Mr. Krasnov, I believe you are well-meaning, but you have fallen into a trap. In comparing your Solzhenitsyn with these others you may have been trying to connect with your Western readers, but you have fallen victim of a scam and a public relations hoax. Don’t forget what Solzhenitsyn himself said when first he encountered American TV; that he couldn’t believe how much effort and Art went into the creation of commercial programming. Creating false consciousness is one arena in which we Americans are preeminent. In taking in our media propaganda concerning the trio of above-mentioned social “heroes” you show yourself to be a bit of a rube, no insult intended.

  19. Putin is the only sane leader in the world and leads Russia in the manner of Solzhenitsyns beliefs and Putin saved Syria from the Zionist greater Israel project and for this Putin stands head and shoulders above anyone else of the worlds stage.

    God bless Putin and Russia and Assad and Syria for stopping ISIS aka AL CIADA and the trinity of terror aka the U.S. and ISRAEL and BRITAIN and their CIA and MOSSAD and MI6 aka the leading terrorists in the world.

    • Agree: bluedog
  20. denk says:

    Narendra Modi is the current Prime Minister of India since 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014. Modi is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

    A glaring omission….

    Modi presided over one of the worst pogrom in 20C.

    Open Letter To Narendra Modi: Bring Expeditious Justice To 2002 Riot Victims

    ‘Honorable Chief Minister Sir, you should not hide under the deceptive self projected canopy of propaganda, by not recognizing the ground realities during riots because communication system through police and home department control rooms had provided you hourly situation reports about communal disturbances. Who will then believe your claim that you were not aware of many grass root level conditions?

    Another deplorable policy of your government is towards your collaborators in mass action against minorities. Practically all chief facilitators of anti-minority massacre in administrative bureaucracy and police were rewarded by you with prestigious postings, during riots, out of turn promotions and important post retirement assignments, Nearly seven IAS officers and seventeen IPS officers were favored for their “loyalty” to you and being committed to your hidden agenda, and not to their oath to the Constitution of India. Significantly, practically all of them had avoided filing affidavits to the JNC regarding additional Terms of Reference dated 20 th July 2004 , on the role of CM and senor bureaucrats in the riots. No departmental action was initiated against them for their flagrant violation of SOP narrated in numerous governmental regulations, Gujarat Police Manual (GPM), judgments of higher judiciary and recommendations of judicial commissions.

    In contrast is your persistent harassment and victimization of 3 IPS officers, namely R. B. Sreekumar, former DGP, Rahul Sharma, DIG and Sanjeev Bhat, suspended DIG, who have provided truthful evidence, since July 2002, about the culpable role by you, Govt. officials and the Sangh Parivar in riots, subversion of the Criminal Justice System (CJS), unprofessional investigation of riot cases by Gujarat police and fake encounters. On the basis of evidence by one of them the Central Election Commission (CEC) had deemed the data presented by the state government on the public order situation and rehabilitation of riot affected victims as false in its order dated 16 th August 2002 . The CEC had tasked the State government to satisfy certain conditions before deciding about the time schedule of state assembly elections in 2002, after rejecting the state government’s proposed election schedule. All these officers were superseded in promotion and numerous departmental proceedings were started against them from 2004 onwards. These disciplinary actions are not closed even after the Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) in Ahmedabad had quashed charges against some of them. After the retirement of one of these officers in February 2007, a case of departmental proceeding is still vigorously pursued by the state government.’

    https://www.countercurrents.org/sreekumar070114.htm

  21. Che Guava says:

    I agree with the comments of Wally and Moi above. Also, I much like Solzhenitsyn’s writing.

    If you, Mr. Krasnov, or any of the other Russia experts on the site, can help, I would like to know what is the informed Russian opinion of The Master and Margarita. I love the novel.

    It is also mainly in line with the principles expressed in this essay.

    However, the text had been destroyed, so is it really by Mikhail Bulgakhov or a kind of mash-up of what his wife recalled and at least some of her own interpolations?

    I suspect the latter, particularly in the night flight and its preparations, but would be very interested to hear from someone with more knowledge on the point.

    People can recall prodigious amounts of words from memory, I was also very good at it, but it is decaying with age and lack of exposure to the words.

  22. Rich says:
    @Michael Kenny

    Turns out those “oldsters” of your childhood were right. What is Ireland now? A homosexual Hindu as its Prime Minister, abortion, homosexual marriage, lap dog of the EU. There ain’t no Ireland anymore.

    • Replies: @(((They))) live
    , @Ivan
  23. onebornfree says: • Website

    This video exposes some uncomfortable truths about “the great” Gandhi, including his lifelong racist ideolgy:

    The Truth About Gandhi:

    Regards onebornfree

  24. republic says:
    @Wally

    200 years together has never been published in English,it is only available on the internet.

    Not surprising considering who controls all US publishing houses!

    • Agree: DESERT FOX
  25. Che Guava says:
    @Michael Kenny

    Define ‘dicator’. In Japanese, the same word is applying to the German Chancellor (whether Hitler or Merkel), French and American presidents, the Russian president, Saddam Hussein while still in power (Japan had good diplomatic relations with Iraq at the time, there was much confusion about what to do after the U.S. invasion started), many others. Pretty much anywhere the president or similar is the head of state and has some real state power, the word is the same.

    Of course, the ancient Greeks and Romans did have useful definitions of ‘dictator’.

    Putin is not a dictator. Micron in France, Merkel in Germany, much more so. The former was elected by a far wider margin than either of the latter.

    • Agree: DESERT FOX
    • Replies: @Anonymous
  26. Wally says:
    @obwandiyag

    Got proof they had anything like the Communist gulags?

  27. Every philosophy is mostly utopia that turns out that it can never be reached. And even reached turns out to be not workable

    • Replies: @Cyrano
  28. @Rich

    Its far worse that that Rich, Varadkar is the leader of Fine Gael, if Ireland had a Conservative party it was them, but the fools have given us homo marriage, abortion and open boarders. Every other country in Europe has some kind of resistance to Globohomo but not Ireland, we are doomed as the Derb likes to say

    Fine Gael, a party for hindus, dindus and 4 X 2s

    • Agree: Che Guava
    • Replies: @onebornfree
  29. Wally says:

    Then we have:
    “what is just as important is that Inayat’s daughter Noor Inayat Khan, the future heroine of World War Two, was born in Moscow.”

    Yes, a “heroine” for the Communists, that is.

    She worked for the so called “Resistance”, a Communist Soviet front.

    And why are so may of this author’s references from Zionist dominated Wikipedia?

    Zionist Wikipedia Editing Course
    http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/139189

    How Israel and Its Partisans Work to Censor the Internet
    http://www.unz.com/article/how-israel-and-its-partisans-work-to-censor-the-internet/?highlight=wikipedia

  30. The author is, I think, artistic & spiritual soul (Blavatsky, Hazrat Inayat Khan, Roerih, ..(probably also other neo-theosophists) & somewhat idealized images of Gandhi and Solzhenitsyn).

    But this has not much to do with real life & especially real politics. I sympathize, but …

  31. Che Guava says:
    @obwandiyag

    Like you know anything. Gulag is an acronym, invented by the Bolsheviks, so by definition, they were new.

    If you are reading a little (very difficult for you I suppose), you will find that the Tsarist prison system was quite gentle, even luxurious, certainly in comparison to what followed.

    I can’t think of one RSDLP (or SR) member who died in incarceration or of unnatural causes in jail.

    • Replies: @Bill Jones
  32. Che Guava says:
    @obwandiyag

    Well, you might dig her up and express your being more deeply into her. It would be a real tribute.

  33. As soon as I saw that Solzh is called a giant, I knew that I don’t need to read any more. If he is a giant, I am the Emperor of the East, so everyone here should call me Your Majesty.

  34. @Wally

    But other than that, he didn’t have much going for him.

    • Replies: @Wally
  35. Slightly off topic as it refers to an artist largely forgotten today but mentioned in this article i.e ‘Nicholas Roerich’.
    Once, while starting my trek to Malana village from a small town of Nagar, situated in the hills of Himachal Pradesh in India I came across a small bunglow. The place was once Roerich’s residence now an art gallery.
    The door was unlocked and there was no one around. Inside there were some of his paintings; landscapes and a few portraits and also some large natural crystals and quartz samples.
    I spent about 10 minutes in there and then I continued on to Malana. Didn’t see any watchman or caretaker.

  36. @Che Guava

    You are remarkably ignorant. A neologism for long established practices does not establish a date for the practice.

    Gulag caught on because the curt ugliness of the word.

  37. onebornfree says: • Website
    @(((They))) live

    The Terrible Truth About “Ireland 2040”

    “Ireland 2040” is a 25 year Irish Government planning document which aims to import countless migrants into Ireland, largely from Africa. Stefan Molyneux, Host of Freedomain Radio, unpacks the horrifying social engineering at work in this plan, and details the effects of mass migration on Ireland so far.

    “By 2040, we know that Ireland will be home to an additional one million people. ….”:

    Regards, onebornfree

  38. Cyrano says:
    @Ilyana_Rozumova

    Well, nothing to worry about. I think that capitalism (sorry, Democracy) will succeed where socialism failed. The main stated goal of Socialism was classless society, even though the good old capitalism is not a class act itself.

    The biggest mistake of socialism was trying to make people equal in economic terms. It turned out that people want to be equal only with those who are better than themselves, not those that are worse off. And even then – they don’t really want to be equal, they want to be better than those that are better than them at present. It’s called competition. Nobody competes to be equal – the purpose of competition is to win – to be better.

    Good old capitalism is playing stupid and ignores this rule – pretending that their unwashed masses yearn to be equal with the fresh new faces from the 3rd world . Where is the competition in that? Their great unwashed – I suspect – always cultivated secret delusions about equality with their elites – which according to the capitalist utopia can happen at any moment.

    And now all of a sudden, if you don’t want to be equal with the 3rd worlders – you are racist, lowlife scumbag. That’s why I think that capitalism might be on its way of succeeding where socialism failed. Thanks to multiculturalism, the good old capitalism is well on its way of becoming a truly classless society – with no manners, decency and civility. Long live multiculturalism.

    • Replies: @Ilyana_Rozumova
  39. bluedog says:
    @Michael Kenny

    Nothing but propaganda, for the truth is we are the problem within the world,we are like a vast cancer who slowly destroys any one,place or country at our own chosen, and of course nuts like this who without a doubt are little more than paid trolls ,are like the coyote who barks at the heels of the wolf until the wolf turns around that is and then they run the other way..

    • Agree: DESERT FOX, AnonFromTN
  40. M Edward says:

    ……. Will Vladimir Putin, Other World Leaders Listen?……

    Ha, you should start a stand-up routine…

    (Just kidding)

  41. @AnonFromTN

    You wish lol. But I should say that the guys promoting this traitor pretender are nothing but consistent. They completely ignore all facts and lies by their great solzhenicin and keep making saint from him, man of deep vision and so forth. Were that guy allowed into position of power results would have been similar to gorbo-Yeltsin ‘s.

  42. @Bill Jones

    Gulag is a transliteration of the original Soviet abbreviation: ГУЛАГ – государственное управление лагерей (state bureau of the camps)

  43. foobc1 says:
    @denk

    “Denk”
    …Muslim like typing detected…

    Reality:

    The worst pogrom in all of human history history was the 60-80 million Hindus holocausted over 400 years by Islamic invaders.

    Hindus invading and slaughtering Islamic countries during that (or any time): zero.

    Followed by the colonization of India (millions more killed in British created famines), followed by the illegal colonial partition of India (to create a safe haven for Muslims) after the Islamic slaughter of Hindus.

    That’s like creating a safe haven for Nazis after they slaughtered Jews..but 100 times worse. It’s ass backwards and done for colonial divide and rule reasons.

    After 60 years of even more continued Islamic terror (a 9/11 every year for 60+ years in terms of Hindus killed), Hindus have now created a mouse like timid little party called the BJP which has not even begun to fight, invade, terrorize or holocaust Muslims (as they rightfully should).

    They are not even protecting Hindus properly in any way.

    A good start would be to immediately declare Pakistan illegal (much like China’s policy towards Taiwan), immediately remove all terrorists (ie Muslims) from Kashmir and north India and relocate them to some remote island in the Bay of Bengal. That would be at a minimum, the very simplest and basic thing to start with. It would a infinitely small response to the hindu holocaust over multiple centuries but at least it’s step 1 to start with.

    Nobody respects mice. They get slaughtered for being mice.

    • Replies: @Druid
    , @anonymous
    , @Ivan
    , @denk
  44. @Andrei Martyanov

    One year younger than my dad. Same generation. Considering his background no wonder he is promotion Solzh.

    • Replies: @Rich
  45. republic says:
    @Bill Jones

    The upper class Decemberists were treated fairly decently. The lower classes not so much, but probably much better than they would have been in the Soviet system.

    In 1891 Anton Chekhov made his famous visit to the penal colony in Sakhalin. Conditions seemed very harsh to him.

    Hard to make a comparison between the Katorga system vs the Soviet Gulag, but I suspect that political prisoners were treated better in Czarist times. Also much,much lower numbers during Czarist times. Stalin exiled entire nations to Siberia.

    Communist regimes always treat political prisoners worse than ordinary governments. Look at the conditions that Fidel Castro had after the failed Moncada barracks attacks in 1953.

    He enjoyed very good conditions there, contrast those conditions to the barbaric conditions of political prisoner under his government.

  46. @Andrei Martyanov

    Nothing surprises me any more. As there are people who made a saint out of Nicolas II, it is only natural that there are people who made a saint out of Solzh. Even well-intentioned people usually like to pretend that they are not aware of a simple rule: people rewrite history always with a view of rewriting property titles.

    • Agree: Andrei Martyanov
    • Replies: @Andrei Martyanov
  47. Wally says:
    @Bill Jones

    Well, they did make a movie about him.

  48. @Sergey Krieger

    To the best of my knowledge, Solzh is guilty of many sins. First, he was a faker, lying through his teeth. Second, he tried to play a first-rate writer in Russian literature, shamelessly aping Tolstoy, whereas he is not even good for the third tier. Third, judging by the fact that he spent his jail time in VIP camps, unlike honest people who did time in regular camps, he very likely was an NKVD (predecessor of KGB more familiar to English speakers) informer. In a word, a pompous scum.

  49. @republic

    General population was treated under Soviets on the orders of magnitude better than under previous regime or current. And it is what matters the most.

  50. Rich says:
    @Sergey Krieger

    It’s true, because you younger guys were so propagandized against this great man, Solzhenitsyn, that you can’t separate fact from fiction. Is Putin a traitor, too? He met with, and praised him. You refugees, who couldn’t survive in post Cold War Russia, are a joke.

    • Replies: @AnonFromTN
  51. @Cyrano

    Multiculturalism already have many precedents of failure. The best example was Austro-Hungarian empire. And that did have the best chance to succeed. Multiculturalism have many flows and it simply cannot succeed. Multiculturalism will lead eventually to civil war in US. The only way is to eventually for majority to absorb the minority, and have an only one culture. Multiculturalism creates clear line of divisions in society that cannot be simply erased by any government, Even absorption of minority into minority last several decades, even centuries.

    • Replies: @Andrei Martyanov
    , @Cyrano
  52. @Rich

    I don’t know about the person you address, but neither myself, nor anyone I know currently working in research in the US ever played the “refugee” card. Only people with no moral scruples pretended to be refugees, told false stories of persecution to match Deep State propaganda in the US, to get freebies from the US government, which were approved by the gullible people like you. They did fool you alright. If you ask me, you deserved to be fooled.

    • Replies: @Rich
  53. mike k says:
    @niteranger

    niteranger – your baseless and outrageous slurs against Mandela and MLK tell what your mind is like.
    Your meme that “the Jews are responsible for everything evil in the world” fills out the picture.

  54. @AnonFromTN

    Nothing surprises me any more. As there are people who made a saint out of Nicolas II

    These are pretty much same people who made heroes out of Vlasov, Krasnov (SS officer) and likes. Tzarebozhie is altogether a psyops by ROCOR and most likely developed in deep recesses of Western intelligence agencies. There was a lot of low life scam (there were, of course, also decent people who simply got swept by history) in White immigration who desperately needed to cover up their treason of the country (I omit here atrocities they committed), Tsar and the way they lost all wars while wrecking the Empire–so, there you go. Solzh is an excellent litmus test, which immediately reveals both human and scholar, or lack there of, qualities of people. In general, “Russian” Kreakls’ ejaculations on the subject of Russian modern history is a version of a mental disorder, while Western in general, and Anglo-American in particular, “intellectuals” overwhelmingly can not be taken seriously as any type of scholars in relation to Russia.

  55. @Sergey Krieger

    Were that guy allowed into position of power results would have been similar to gorbo-Yeltsin ‘s.

    Sergei, these were precisely people like this who got into position of power in 1990s and basically committed atrocity against Russia.

    • Replies: @Sergey Krieger
  56. @Ilyana_Rozumova

    Multiculturalism already have many precedents of failure. The best example was Austro-Hungarian empire.

    No, not even close, Soviet Union, however, is the best example. Especially culturally totally alien to Russians Middle Asian freeloaders (Caucasus too to a degree, such as Georgia) who wanted their “freedom”. They got it.

  57. @Hardly

    He prevented the people from kicking out the British way earlier with his peace, peace, peace bullshit, he was working for the occupier all along.

    LOL.

    Gandhi didn’t stop anyone from revolting against Britain. It’s not like he had some sort of magical power to control 300 million Indians.

    • Replies: @Ivan
  58. Cyrano says:
    @Ilyana_Rozumova

    Austro-Hungary is not the best example of “multiculturalism”. It was achieved in the traditional way – military conquest. There is a reason why it was called dungeon of nations. Luckily, Gavrilo Princip – a principled young man – bailed them out. Multiculturalism is like a vaccine – in small doses it can help you to build immunity, large enough dose is a disease and it will kill you.

  59. anonymous[191] • Disclaimer says:

    Modern India is a third-rate country, with third-rate culture, music and people, it has nothing to offer the West and those in the West (including Russia) who admire Ghandi, Indian religions, or culture, are hollow within themselves and don’t even know their own culture. Just look at the types of people in the West who admire and envelope themselves in everything “Indian”. They are usually mindless celebrities who are trying to find some sort kind of guidance to the complexity of their existence brought on by sudden fame and fortune. Many of these celebrities end up dead from an overdose of drugs or if lucky, will grow out of their love affair with things Indian.

    • Replies: @Anon
    , @Druid
  60. Rich says:
    @AnonFromTN

    Stop. You guys couldn’t cut it in your motherland, so you came to a foreign country. It’s okay, but the crowd of Russian refugees on this site think they’re better than Mexican or Honduran refugees. Maybe your kids can be American, you guys are just aliens in a foreign land. With a big commie chip on your shoulders.

    • Replies: @AnonFromTN
  61. @Andrei Martyanov

    Yes, exactly. They did in practice what they were thinking and writing. The thing they had cooked is going to cause troubles for a long time. Russia turned onto very different path thanks to them. For all issues USSR was directed into the future. They knocked the country from the course and thanks to them not just Russia, the whole world is suffering and yet you see guys here worshiping Solzh. Pathetic.

    • Replies: @Andrei Martyanov
  62. Anon[414] • Disclaimer says:

    A strong argument could be made that India, and indeed all of the South Asian subcontinent, would’ve been better off today had the British continued their rule. Subcons are incapable of self rule, as the prescient Churchill once pointed out:

    “Power will go to the hands of ras­cals, rogues, free­boot­ers; all Indian lead­ers will be of low cal­i­bre & men of straw. They will have sweet tongues and silly hearts. They will fight amongst them­selves for power and India will be lost in polit­i­cal squab­bles. A day would come when even air and water would be taxed in India.”

    • Replies: @anonymous
  63. Anon[414] • Disclaimer says:
    @anonymous

    Right on. The people who love Indians and all things Indian like yoga, meditation, gurus, vulgar Bollywood dances, Indian food, Indian sitar, Indian food etc. are usually dumb liberals, leftover 60’s hippies and Bohemians, usually Jews. They are helping the perpetuate the Indian “best and brightest” IT scam in a big way, happily putting up Indians as the minority front men. Practically every IT firm now has an Indian CEO, most are just well educated empty-brain Jew puppets like Vikram Pandit, Sundra Pichai, Indra Nooyi, Satya Nadella, Sanjay Kumar Jha, completely devoid of daring or new ideas, just there to do as they are told.

  64. Druid says:
    @denk

    Modi and his fundamentalist ilk are the Hindu equivalent of the Taliban!

    • Replies: @Reuben Kaspate
    , @denk
  65. onebornfree says: • Website
    @mike k

    mike k says: “your baseless and outrageous slurs against Mandela and MLK …”

    .

    Enjoy! Regards, onebornfree

  66. @Andrei Martyanov

    Should not have got into central Asia in the first place aka Pre Soviet russia. But once it is taken it is kind of hard to let go. I lived there for 20 years. It is definitelly alien to Russia as alien got. Had bad impact upon the rest of the union in military and corruption wise. If I remember correctly there erte few Georgians left before Russia took them under her wing after plea from Georgian king. Persians and Turks made thorough work of them reducing population to the point of Georgians unable to put enough troops in the field to protect themselves. After they got freedom their population collapsed again.

  67. Druid says:
    @foobc1

    You just answered why Pakistan developed nukes Go pray to your phallus

    • Replies: @Reuben Kaspate
  68. Druid says:
    @anonymous

    Agree. On the surface it looks good, but underneath it stinks

  69. niceland says:

    I know for a fact foreigners don’t know much about domestic issues in my country. Most of what they read is terribly distorted by the international media. On local issues I know from first hand experience, even the domestic press is grossly inaccurate. Even on totally none-controversial issues like accidents, or natural disasters.

    Regarding the Russian history, I have no better option but to pay close attention to people who at least speak the language. Better yet people who actually lived in Russia or have roots and extended families there. There is no way around this, locals have better understanding than the rest of us. In this comment section I place much more weight on Russian or ex-Russian commenters than the rest. They are much more likely to actually know things, but of course there is always the possibility of dis-information. In my view there is plenty of this from the U.S viewpoint. Decades of propaganda.

    In ww2 my country (Iceland) was occupied by the British, and two years later by the U.S who proceeded to establish NATO base in Keflavik, run for decades to “protect us from the evil Russians” Icelandic Right wingers visited the Icelandic U.S. embassy on regular bases to inform them about the whereabouts of our communists, delivering pictures, translated articles and so forth about “enemy” activities. Our Right wing government spied and tapped the phones on the “left” for decades.

    In the meantime Iceland traded a lot with the USSR, it was close to a barter system. We sent fish and wool and got back oil and cars etc. This was incredibly strange system – a kind of dual-reality. Our “enemy” -who the U.S. was hard at work protecting us from- was at the same time one of our most important trade partner and – for all practical purposes- our ally and friend.

    Strange world we live in.

  70. What is Putin supposed to “listen” to? That Solzhenitzen says that the Soviet Union had gulags? I think he got that already.

  71. @niceland

    Regarding the Russian history, I have no better option but to pay close attention to people who at least speak the language. Better yet people who actually lived in Russia or have roots and extended families there. There is no way around this, locals have better understanding than the rest of us.

    It makes sense, but it doesn’t apply at all to the USA, not that you were referring to it.

    The “locals” here are shockingly brainwashed about their history which is essentially propaganda mixed with feel-good fantasy. The worst part of it is that almost everyone is happy with the fairy tales and not only has no interest in hearing the truth but are downright hostile to it.

    Glad to hear there are pockets of sanity elsewhere.

  72. @Sergey Krieger

    Yes, exactly. They did in practice what they were thinking and writing. The thing they had cooked is going to cause troubles for a long time.

    Here is another “gift” to Russia by her self-proclaimed “prophet”

    https://ria.ru/20091228/201966688.html

    “Чтобы продвинуться по этому вопросу России надо еще раз рассмотреть японскую позицию”, – сказал Акамату. При этом он обратил внимание на мнение российского писателя Александра Солженицына в его работе “Россия в обвале”, где, в частности, говорится, что Южные Курилы никогда не принадлежали России и до революции она никогда не претендовала на них.

    How “lovely” that Foreign Ministry had to react to this in 2009 in what is one of the key military and geopolitical issues in the Pacific directly related to Russia’s security. Solzhenitsyn is a “gift” which keeps on giving.

  73. @denk

    When that train stopped in a village called Godra, the Muslims (no doubt low caste converts to Islam) burned it down in which 58 people died and later on, when the non-Muslims retaliated, out of the so called 2000 victims, close to 800 were Hindoos but it wasn’t reported by the MSM, on the account that it prefers muzzies over everyone else, being that it is controlled by the Tribe!

  74. @ThreeCranes

    “Creating false consciousness is one arena in which we Americans are preeminent.”

    The Babylonian System needs illusion to mask its power.

  75. Jonny C says:

    Reading the above lines, one is bound to think that they could have been uttered by Mahatma Gandhi, the father of non-violent philosopher. Though he did not mention Gandhi in this instance, Solzhenitsyn’s essay reveals an uncanny affinity with Gandhi’s philosophy of Non-Violence. After all, do not great minds run in the same channels?

    A few times you refer to Ghandi as the father of nonviolent philosophy, although earlier in the article you give credit to Tolstoy. I would like to point out that Tolstoy’s source and arguably Ghandi’s for the notion of non-violent resistance was Christ, who said, “Resist ye not an evil person.” This is not to discredit the greatness of being able to follow this principle, but only to give credit for it’s creation to whom it is truly due.

    • Replies: @peacenik
  76. @Druid

    And to whom do you bend your knee? Is it the black al-Kaʿbah al- Musharrafah? Or is it the Antichrist in Rome? Or is it the chief of rabbis in Israel? Perhaps, you pray to your own phallus, kind of druid pagan worship!

    • Replies: @anonymous
  77. The half naked fakir didn’t give a shit about the naked kafirs in South Africa because they would not have given a rat’s arse about him or the white man!

  78. @mike k

    Are all black leaders off-limits to criticism, or is it just Mandela and King? How about the obviously wretched black-Indian hybrid Kamala Harris? She’ll be occupying the White House beginning 2021. Will Bob Mueller send his paramilitary units into the homes of the critics of President Kamala? Is that something you’d like to see?

  79. JESUS, Gandhi, Solzhenitsyn, Mandela… how long do you think they would have lasted in the Afro-Semitic Arab or Muslim world? The swine haters hate humans more than the lowly pig!

  80. @Druid

    Don’t know if they are on account that they don’t come over here to blow up anybody but if they’re, more power to them, especially, if they keep close eye on the Muslims.

  81. @Rich

    I am not sure what you mean by commie chip on our shoulders. Do you mean that former Russians do not believe the propaganda crap about communism you guys swallowed line, hook, and sinker? That’s true, as we know it first-hand, warts and all, whereas you were fed BS about communism by the same Deep State that feeds you now BS of multi-culti, “tolerance” of sexual perverts, “anti-racism”, and the rest. If you swallowed that previous crap, I don’t see why you aren’t happy with the current dose. If you are smart enough to see through current lies, what prevents you from seeing through the previous ones?

    • Agree: Cyrano, Andrei Martyanov
    • Replies: @Andrei Martyanov
  82. @niceland

    who proceeded to establish NATO base in Keflavik, run for decades to “protect us from the evil Russians” Icelandic Right wingers visited the Icelandic U.S. embassy on regular bases to inform them about the whereabouts of our communists, delivering pictures, translated articles and so forth about “enemy” activities. Our Right wing government spied and tapped the phones on the “left” for decades.

    US (NATO) may yet reconsider and reestablish Air Base there–after all, GIUK gap is such an important part of the North Atlantic theater of operations against aggressive Russian commies. ASW (that is anti-submarine warfare) is too important for the US in her desperate desire to make America “safe” from… everything. As per so called Right Wing–as it is usually the case with pseudo-scholars from humanities field, being correct, that is being right and precise, is not an overriding objective, being sophisticated and presentable, however, is. Cold War primarily American narrative was constructed by people who didn’t know, pardon me, shit from shinola and was framed in strictly “Godless communist Russkies against righteous God-loving West” terms, which it was not in reality. The fact that it was about historic Russia and her power somehow got omitted by all kinds of “scholars”, only Morgenthau, among very few, was very explicit in his “realism” that it has nothing to do with “communism”. But as they say–practice is a criterion of truth. Behold another act of a drama with a cabal of mostly ignorant faux-“historians”, political “scientists”, “economists” and other court “intellectuals” producing yet another tsunami of ignorant trash on Russian history, Russians, Russian armed forces, doctrine, economy…well, you get the picture. There will be new Solzhenitsyns, in the end literature Nobel Prize (same as in economics) didn’t discredit itself enough to be thrown out as a political spectacle of awarding mostly politically correct mediocrity–it will.

    • Replies: @niceland
  83. @Andrei Martyanov

    I am really sorry but I have to slightly disagree with you again.
    Russian empire approach was very much in the line of approach as Roman empire.
    The Russian empire did not pushed mixing of different nationalities. All those nationalities remained on their own territory they kept their own culture, their own nobility and their own government.
    They had certain obligation to central government in Moscow, for what Moscow guaranteed them security. It was a good arrangement.
    Even after Communist took over Russia, the Communist system was not pushed on republics.
    Ukraine was different because Ukraine was always considered to be integral part of Russia.

  84. Seraphim says:

    It would be amusing if it wouldn’t become soon annoying, that every time the name of Solzhenitsyn is evoked, a ‘Two Minutes Hate’ session comes up with almost hyper-sonic speed from the sovok rocket launchers.
    They would never explain why the supposed sponsors and pay-masters of the ‘traitor’ to USSR (and sub-mediocre writer who had the presumption to imitate the sainted Tolstoy), are the ones who are his most active detractors and censors.

  85. denk says:
    @Druid

    No wonder he’s Washington’s poster boy in the Asia Indo Pacific ?

    hehehe

  86. @Seraphim

    It would be amusing if it wouldn’t become soon annoying, that every time the name of Solzhenitsyn is evoked, a ‘Two Minutes Hate’ session comes up with almost hyper-sonic speed from the sovok rocket launchers.

    It is not rue–it is not “two minute hate”. I don’t know if it may struck you silly but can you imagine that quite a few people simply know better, both about Solzhenitsyn and Russia? I know it is annoying to you and other people who prefer not to deal with facts, but I have some news–real science and real morality can not be built on lies, myths and simulacra–things which defined Solzhenitsyn’s writing on issues he had no clue about or, as was established and documented extremely well, lied until his last breath. There is a reason why all current Russia’s low life scum primarily from well-off (and badly cultured) nouveau riche class and their subservient “creative” class (aka Kreakls) are so insistent on trying to shove this literary mediocrity and third rate “thinker” down the throat of overwhelming majority of Russians. So, no–it is not “two minute” hate, it is honest, consistent on-going unmasking one of the most despicable specimens in Russian culture. That is why his recently opened monument in Moscow is under 24/7 video surveillance, same as his bronze likeness in Vladivostok–I guess to prevent people from expressing their unlimited love and appreciation for Alexandr Isaevich and all the good work he did for Russian people.

    • Replies: @Seraphim
  87. @AnonFromTN

    I am not sure what you mean by commie chip on our shoulders.

    Anything what doesn’t fit their world-view is always either commies or Nazis. I think we need to also introduce a more innovative universal evil like Communist Hitlerites or Nazi Leninists, that should enliven discussions on these boards and expand greatly vernacular of those who write about “chips”;-)

  88. @mike k

    You evidently have no knowledge of history:

    3 Things You Didn’t (Want To) Know About Nelson Mandela
    Lee Jenkins June 27, 2013 1260 Comments
    3 Things You Didn’t (Want To) Know About Nelson Mandela

    The hero of the anti-apartheid struggle was not the saint we want him to be.

    The image of Nelson Mandela as a selfless, humble, freedom fighter turned cheerful, kindly old man, is well established in the West. If there is any international leader on whom we can universally heap praise it is surely he. But get past the halo we’ve placed on him without his permission, and Nelson Mandela had more than a few flaws which deserve attention.

    He signed off on the deaths of innocent people, lots of them

    Nelson Mandela was the head of UmKhonto we Sizwe, (MK), the terrorist wing of the ANC and South African Communist Party. At his trial, he had pleaded guilty to 156 acts of public violence including mobilising terrorist bombing campaigns, which planted bombs in public places, including the Johannesburg railway station. Many innocent people, including women and children, were killed by Nelson Mandela’s MK terrorists. Here are some highlights

    -Church Street West, Pretoria, on the 20 May 1983

    -Amanzimtoti Shopping complex KZN, 23 December 1985

    -Krugersdorp Magistrate’s Court, 17 March 1988

    -Durban Pick ‘n Pay shopping complex, 1 September 1986

    -Pretoria Sterland movie complex 16 April 1988 – limpet mine killed ANC terrorist M O Maponya instead

    -Johannesburg Magistrate’s Court, 20 May 1987

    -Roodepoort Standard Bank 3 June, 1988

    Tellingly, not only did Mandela refuse to renounce violence, Amnesty refused to take his case stating “[the] movement recorded that it could not give the name of ‘Prisoner of Conscience’ to anyone associated with violence, even though as in ‘conventional warfare’ a degree of restraint may be exercised.”

    MLK: Read the FBI’s info on him.You must live in groundhog hole somewhere and you must not get out much.

    Oh. by the way do you know who sold out MLK to the FBI and gave them much of the info in his files:

    THE JEWS

  89. @Seraphim

    That is very easy to explain: the condom is used once, and then discarded. Nobody shows much respect to a condom that has been used and did its job well.

  90. @Andrei Martyanov

    That’s an interesting idea. You can sell it to the Deep State, they did not come up with it yet.

  91. Anonymous[379] • Disclaimer says:
    @Che Guava

    You seem to be saying that the same title “prime minister” is used for a German “chancellor” as for a British “prime minister” and indeed the prime minister of Japan.

    Similarly, the same term “president” is used when referring to the presidents of the U.S, Russia, France etc.

    These, however, are simply FORMAL terms used by the respective governments themselves (except that “prime minister” is substituted in place of “chancellor” for Germany). None of this says anything about the SUBSTANTIVE role those politicians play in their respective – whether dictatorial, constitutional, beholden to a legislature, etc.

    • Replies: @Che Guava
  92. It is high time the cult of Mohandas Gandhi was abandoned in the west, just as it has been in India. Gandhi, contrary to the mythological version of him in western consciousness, was a cynical politician with few to no moral scruples, but for whom a united India would have achieved independence from Britain in a violent uprising in the 1920s. Gandhi, as Slavoj Zizek said, was a safety valve for the Brutish Empire, venting anti Brutish popular anger in useless “non violent demonstrations” that achieved exactly nothing. If not for Gandhi, and his deliberately sabotaging a national uprising, a blood soaked but ultimately successful Indian revolution would have been inevitable in the 1920s, and would ultimately have resulted in a united India and a far smaller loss of life.

  93. anonymous[239] • Disclaimer says:
    @foobc1

    The worst pogrom in all of human history history was the 60-80 million Hindus holocausted over 400 years by Islamic invaders.

    Lol! Dot-hindoo fundamentalist degenerates and their alternate “realities.”

    Mind you, Mr.Dotty Gobar Brain, I do not deny that pogroms did not happen. They certainly did not happen to the scale you fantasise, nor did they happen to only your animal & devil worshipping brethren. Anyway, hindoos have been pogroming themselves for centuries before Islamic “invaders,” came into the picture.

    https://thewire.in/history/high-time-discarded-pernicious-myth-indias-medieval-muslim-villains

    From that essay;
    Going back more than a millennium earlier, Hindu rulers were the first to come up with the idea of sacking one another’s temples, before Muslims even entered the Indian subcontinent. But one hears little about these “historical wrongs”

    Yes, I know that source is left-leaning, but if they are peddling alternate realities, as no doubt you will forcefully attest, you right-wing scum are doing the same too. History is filled with such “realities,” which is why I am a firm believer that it is only your present existence that counts most.

    And, the present existence of hindoos such as yourself is that they are such braindead pagan polytheists/animists (the purveyors of utter godlessness), and we muslims are true monotheists (well, the polar opposite of your kind). This reality cannot be disputed, because it is right in front of us.

    Hindus invading and slaughtering Islamic countries during that (or any time): zero.

    The “invaders,” who happened to completely assimilate, brought in a much needed dose of spiritual sanity, to a land which was utterly bereft of it. The only sad thing is that those “invaders” did not succeed much more in educating (presumably peacefully 😉 ) your kind of spiritual savages. On The Day, your kind will certainly hold much regret that they, the “invaders,” had not been more successful.

    So, even if we kind of vaguely agree on the “invading” part, and the debatable morality of it, you should remember that it requires a certain level of self-esteem, which feckless animal worshippers severely lack. You after-all prostrate before animals, drink its urine and coat your homes with its faeces, worship shiva’s phallus and his consort’s vagina, etc.

    The current terror based fundamentalism (that you espouse) is simply a pathetic attempt at igniting a semblance of self-esteem. But, it is not happening until your kind repudiates such heights of pagan batshit craziness.

    done for colonial divide and rule reasons.

    Ok, on that I agree, especially the “ass backwards” scheming of creating 2 Pakistans, leaving the Kashmir issue to fester, etc.

    After 60 years of even more continued Islamic terror (a 9/11 every year for 60+ years in terms of Hindus killed)

    a 9/11 every year for 60+ years in terms of Hindus killed?!!

    You right-wing hindu mofs, and your batshit crazy hyperboles. Can’t you braindead degenerates at least keep close to the realms of reality, so that others can take you more seriously?

    Again, mind you, I fully agree that hindoos, and others, are dying unnaturally in the 100’s of thousands every year (how many 9/11’s is that), not because of “Islamic terror,” but because of the hindoo’s governance ineptitude. The hindoo majority has had complete control for 70+yrs, and look at the shithole the nation is. That of course applies to Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, etc. also, which perhaps seems to buttress the imperialist idea that we browns are none too smart.

    For example, look at that loser Modi’s demonetisation exercise. A 100+ people dead, and 100+ bereaved families who will mourn them forever, for no good reason whatsoever. Hindoos actually look to this loser to help regain their “lost glory”? It would be hilarious, if it weren’t so pathetic.

    Hindus have now created a mouse like timid little party called the BJP which has not even begun to fight…

    Ah, some good-ol reverse psychology, eh? Get that right-wing-scum Islamophobia pumping more and more…

    , invade, …

    Invade who? Pakistan? Lol!

    terrorize or holocaust Muslims (as they rightfully should)

    Pagan polytheist animal & devil worship of your kind is a pestilence on earth. Fundamentalists who propagate it, implying the adults (male/female) of the RSS/BJP/VHP/and assorted cults, are the ones who should be holocaust-ed from this earth. I mean that literally too.

    The innocents amongst your pagan people should be gently weaned out of their batshit pagan craziness and shown the way of the One and only. On The Day, they will be much pleased with their salvation, and the fiery fate of the likes of you.

  94. Ivan says:
    @Hardly

    Bhagat Singh’s claim to fame as I understand it was to kill the very junior Mr John Saunders, mistaking him for superintendent of police, James Scott. His confreres then bungled further by changing their propaganda posters to say that Saunders who had just got off the boat in Calcutta was the real target. I would have thought that a “hero” should at least own up to the blunder.

    The British in India had united the nation which had previously consisted of hundreds of princely states into the Indian Raj. They were in a position to split the nation according to linguistic lines if they wanted to with ease as that was the natural tendency at that time. That they did not is a tribute both to them and the founders of modern India, led of course by MK Gandhi.

  95. Seraphim says:
    @Andrei Martyanov

    @a more innovative universal evil

    It might sound silly (are not ‘civilians’ silly?) but something like ‘Putstalerism’ would fit the bill.
    The Beast and the False Prophet (Solz).

  96. Ivan says:
    @denk

    Gotta agree with you there Denk my Chicom friend.

    • Replies: @denk
  97. Ivan says:
    @Rich

    The terrorists from the IRA should answer this question : What was the point of hating every Proddie, every English person and even the babies to the point of bombing them in the streets, if at the end of the day you open up the floodgates to every Raj, Singh, Nigerian prince, Chinese laundryman and all the rest? Have these people more of a right to the “Emerald Island”, than the English on whose coattails the Irish went around the world?

  98. Ivan says:
    @foobc1

    Why don’t you use a more realistic figure than the one cribbed from Will Durant? 80 millions? What was the carrying capacity of India at that time? The Muslim rulers – excepting those crazy Mongols and Persians – would not want to kill off that many people anyway, since they lived by taxation. Who were they going to tax after the peasantry was dead?

  99. Seraphim says:
    @Andrei Martyanov

    Can you quote those ‘documents’ that invalidate the facts presented by Solzhenitsyn, other than the repetition of accusations of lying and verbal abuse to the ‘scum’ who read him?

  100. Ivan says:
    @Hanoodtroll

    Most literate people were actually happy with British rule. The upper-class Hindus because the British had broken the back of Mughal-Muslim rule, the Muslims because having broken their hold, the British did not allow for revenge and discrimination against them, and the largely indifferent masses who were relieved at the lower levels of taxation and some access to justice.

  101. anonymous[239] • Disclaimer says:
    @Anon

    as the prescient Churchill once pointed out

    The “prescient” Churchill, the evil racist degenerate, is awaiting his one-way entry into Hell. I don’t think his rotten soul will be taking much pleasure in his “prescient-ness.”

    But, yeah, he did get this one right, didn’t he?

  102. Yee says:

    If Solzhenitsyn had lived in today’s Internet era, he would be just another shit poster, the Russian equivalent of American WN shit poster… Bolshevik, BS; Western Liberalism, also BS; Orthodox Christian Russia, greatest, go go go…

    Gandhi was just a House N*gger. For Gandhi, there’re White masters above him, field n*ggers beneath him.

  103. anonymous[239] • Disclaimer says:
    @Reuben Kaspate

    Lol! Such a weak and forced riposte. You pagan Islamophobes are so pathetic in your godlessness.

    We prostrate to none, but God, the One and only. None of your fake narratives will ever change that fact.

  104. anonymous[239] • Disclaimer says:
    @Reuben Kaspate

    on the account that it prefers muzzies over everyone else, being that it is controlled by the Tribe!

    Since when did the “Tribe” wish well of us “muzzies,” at the expense of their bedfellows, the hindoo rightwing? You pagan Islamophobic degenerates… anytime you reveal your thoughts, you shoot yourselves in the tenders.

    out of the so called 2000 victims, close to 800 were Hindoos

    https://thewire.in/communalism/rss-behead-kerala-cm-gujarat-killed-2000-ranawat

    Check out the quote by that RSS evil…

    See, I understand that you hate Islam (and true monotheists), which is okay, after-all it is your God given freewill to choose an eternity in Hell, but at least try and get your facts right.

  105. Seraphim says:
    @Fiendly Neighbourhood Terrorist

    Gandhi or no-Ghandi, India contributed two and a half million soldiers to fight under British command against the Axis powers which wanted to free India of the British Raj.

  106. @republic

    But even Stalin couldn’t move all the Jews to their Birobidzhan Siberian province. By the look of their provincial rainbow flag it looks like they may be trying to attract another minority. Wish them luck.

  107. Che Guava says:
    @Anonymous

    No, I was not. If you bother to read, what I was saying is clear. The word for P.M. is different, and the word for P.M. of Japan, also different from that.

  108. Info packed article, well written, and much appreciated, at least by me.

    Thanks to UR!

  109. peacenik says:
    @Moi

    Wasn’t it Gandhi who coined the term “harijan” (gods child/ or one who who has god in him) for the “outcasts”.
    And my understanding is that Gandhi lived amongst the “outcasts” and did the menial and “unclean” jobs like them. Which is more than can be said of any other Indian political leader.
    He did believe in the caste system, but not that any caste was inferior to others. He considered all to be equal in the eyes of god.
    Regardless of your revisionist views, he was the only Indian political leader who would inspire thousands of Indians (including “outcasts”)to brave scorching midnoon heat to catch a glimpse of him.

    • Replies: @Moi
  110. denk says:
    @Reuben Kaspate

    Hey Ganesh,

    There was an inquiry which concluded that the fire was mostly likely started from within the train, but was immediately blamed on the Muslims.

    In any case, are you saying that tragedy justify hindoos massacring 1200 Muslims and 800 of their own kind ? [sic]

    What’r you smoking ?

  111. peacenik says:
    @Ivan

    Seriously?!
    the entire leadership of the indian freedom movement was upper class literate people.
    the british did not allow revenge : they did not care, and did not do much to prevent violence during the indo-pak partition.
    Lower taxation for the indifferent masses: unlike the princely states who provided tax relief and public works during natural calamities, the british were notorious for pursuing high and unjust taxes.
    do you just make up facts as you write along?

  112. niceland says:
    @Andrei Martyanov

    US (NATO) may yet reconsider and reestablish Air Base there–after all, GIUK gap is such an important part of the North Atlantic theater of operations against aggressive Russian commies. ASW (that is anti-submarine warfare) is too important for the US in her desperate desire to make America “safe” from… everything.

    Yes, actually there is NATO activity here “protecting the airspace” few jets available. It seems NATO rotates the shift between countries. Only two years ago Turkish jets were stationed here for the task. This wasn’t widely reported for some reason. I asked several right wingers if they felt more safe knowing that Erdogan’s finest were protecting us? It was difficult question and got even worse when I asked – protecting us from whom?

    I really think Icelanders never saw the NATO base as protection. Well perhaps at first but later it was clear to me it was all about the gravy train of dollars flowing from the base. U.S. officials described Icelandic officials as greedy bastards in private. Members of two major political parties (the right wing) were deeply embedded in companies serving the base and incredible deals were made. This did indeed create most of our wealthy elite, strongly supporting NATO, the U.S. and so forth. The “safety” angle became abundantly clear when the U.S. left and closed the base. All the political discussion was about economic issues, job losses and such. Discussion about defenses or security – zero.

    The U.S. is already increasing activity in Keflavik. They are restoring aircraft hangers and it looks like they are coming back in more force. I really hope the U.S. demands more money from Iceland – since we are members of NATO. Only then will I know how our elites really feel about their security. Something tells me the rhetoric will change fast if it’s their own wallet that’s under siege.

    I am not surprised the eastern European countries embrace NATO bases with open arms, and it’s likely politicians are more than happy to sing to the tune of U.S. rhetoric when they understand the “financial reality” of the situation. No harm done in this theater since it’s the U.S. taxpayers footing the bill.

    • Replies: @Andrei Martyanov
  113. denk says:
    @foobc1

    I dont know about the alleged crimes during the Muslim invasion but GUjarat was in 20C, well documented and indisputable.

    The mob used the Godha train pretext to genocide the Muslim minorities, conservative death toll estimated at least 2000.

    While male victims were mercilessly hacked to pieces, females suffered much worst fate, gang raped then tortured and killed , many with private parts mutilated. Such heinous sadism is also prevalent in the NE states like Manipur, Nagaland…, its the signature M.O. of fanatic bjp foot soldiers.

    The worst part is,
    Police at the scene did nothing to stop the carnage, in fact it’s later revealed that the police dept received instructions to stay put and let the mob did their stuffs.

    How could you justify this by blaming it on what Muslims allegedly did long time ago ?

  114. denk says:
    @Ivan

    We’r cool but I aint no chicom.

  115. @anonymous

    There is no God but NO god! And as I have stated before, even if there was one, it would not, I repeat, it would not choose some sand-niggah to represent it on this Green, not desert(ed), earth!

    • Replies: @Seraphim
  116. peacenik says:
    @Jonny C

    possibly.
    Gandhi admired the teachings of Christ, the Buddha as well as Tolstoy himself.
    One of his favorite hymns was “lead kindly light”.

  117. @anonymous

    The Indian media has been in the pockets of the do gooders, i.e. the ones who take their marching orders from the cabal in the West, who, by the way, prefer the followers of Islam, which was inspired by their Afro-Semitic cousins, the Arabs, over the native Christians.

  118. @Fiendly Neighbourhood Terrorist

    And don’t think for a minute that the saga of the Subcontinent is over… the next civil war, either in Bangladesh, Pakistan or India will reopen those millennium old wounds between the Hindoos and the Muzzies throughout the region and no Alla or Kalee is gonna stop the coming flood of brown blood!

  119. @Seraphim

    As if you change your views and opinions even after reading those. The one would be report to Hrushev by KGB regarding exact numbers of those “repressed”. Numbers are on orders et rs of magnitude smaller than those stated by Solzh. Also, those arrested, jailed and shot were mostly people who broke laws of the time. Thus they were criminals. Considering times there erte indeed innocent but they represented minority and many got acquainted. Considering what happened in 90s, stalin policy was right. Continuation of weeding enemies of the people would have saved millions and prevent global catastrophe which is unfolding now in the absence of the Soviet union.

    • Replies: @Andrei Martyanov
  120. Moi says:
    @peacenik

    Gandhi believed Harijans/Dalits should accept their l0t in life. Dig a little and find out how Gandhi viewed S. African blacks.

    Nothing wrong with “revisionism”–ideas/views evolve as more information comes to light.

  121. @Ivan

    Most literate people were actually happy with British rule. The upper-class Hindus because the British had broken the back of Mughal-Muslim rule

    This was true till the late nineteenth century among upper class Hindus. Then anti-British feeling took over (although the anti-Muslim feeling never completely went away). Even back then people were raising questions about the ongoing plunder. Dadabhai Naoroji, a Parsi, raised this point way back in the 1870s. His seminal work on the nature of the British Indian economy established the fundamental charge against British rule which INC later adopted.

    By the early twentieth century the realization sank in among the upper layer of the elite – Hindu and Muslim alike – that the country was being sucked dry. Remember when I say ‘elite’, the correct word here is “comprador elite”. Like all other empires, Britain established a thin layer of native educated class who ran the bureaucracy as well as made up most of the army. Many of them remained craven bootlickers till the very end. But it was a section of this comprador class who eventually rebelled against British rule. These were the people who joined the ranks of INC under Gandhi.

    Taxation under Britain wasn’t ‘low’. They were taxed to the hilt. Little of that accumulated capital was invested back into India. Most of it were either siphoned off to Britain or spent to maintain the army to keep the people suppressed as well as embarking on foreign adventures. By early twentieth century the country was absolutely pauperized. The masses were bled white. Average lifespan was ~35. Literacy rate was about 5%. People died like flies.

    Armed rebellion was out of question. The previous attempt (1857) had failed. By 1900, the technological gap between Britain and India was greater than what existed between the Spanish invaders and the Native American empires in 1500. You get the picture.

    This was the background when Gandhi started his movement. It’s no wonder that he choose non-violence. There was no other option. @Hardly doesn’t have a clue.

  122. @Seraphim

    Can you quote those ‘documents’ that invalidate the facts presented by Solzhenitsyn, other than the repetition of accusations of lying and verbal abuse to the ‘scum’ who read him?

    Results of Zemskov Comission or how about special report to Khruschev from MGB or any other hundreds of documents which blow out of the water Solzh and his main Nazi “source” so called “professor” Kurganov.

    https://history.wikireading.ru/276400

    http://www.actualhistory.ru/2008060101

    The worst thing which could have happened to Solzh and cabal of his sycophants (mostly people with no serious education) was opening of all archives. I am not talking about his unhinged ignorant delirium about Russia’s modern history and culture.

    • Replies: @Seraphim
    , @Robjil
  123. @Sergey Krieger

    As if you change your views and opinions even after reading those

    You are right–for this kind of public rapists, murderers, bandits, thieves are all “victims” of political repressions, despite the fact that as both MGB, and Zemskov, establish the ratio of the so called “political” prisoners to a criminal low life scum as 1 to 3. They will accept devil himself as a source as a long as it allows them to cover their own ignorance and passions (as a derivative of heir ignorance). Meanwhile, current American prison population for 2018 is 2.2 million.

    https://www.cnn.com/2018/06/28/us/mass-incarceration-five-key-facts/index.html

  124. @niceland

    I really think Icelanders never saw the NATO base as protection. Well perhaps at first but later it was clear to me it was all about the gravy train of dollars flowing from the base.

    It is always about gravy train. At this stage the US is in a death spiral of military expenditures which deliver no viable protection in modern warfare due to their technological and operational obsolescence. But yes, a lot of money to be made for many people in this line of “business”. The life span of the base in Keflavik in case of (God forbid) serious conflict will be measured in tens of minutes, hour-two in the best case scenario; and I am not talking about nuclear weapons–conventional only. On a personal note–I hope next year to get to Iceland (on the way to Russia) and spend couple of days enjoying her incredible beauty. The only bad thing about Icelandair is that many flights are “dry”, especially to the US for some reason.

  125. anon[393] • Disclaimer says:
    @Petrus

    WTF are you talking about please what basis of proof do you have for your morality nothing its just slave morality and superstition.The only morality is the source code of life survive by any means possible replicate. anything you think of as moral is simply some contrivance that furthers the source code at some period you have ossified at any point those meal contracts your so weepy about reach a point of diminishing return or an environment they no longer serve. The fact is whites should have eliminated all the other races on the planet over the past 200 years while we were able not only for our own interest but because it would have ended untold suffering of the lesser races, your cuck morality is what stopped that and instead we bred billions of useless mouths that will have to go one way or another they may take us with them and so long conciousness and your shite morality with it at least the animals will again follow the only morality there is and the one that god if there is one obviously designed the world around

  126. utu says:

    The top three Sovoks at UR: Andrei Martyanov, Sergey Krieger, AnonFromTN.

    • Replies: @AnonFromTN
    , @Gg Mo
  127. @utu

    I like that. Those who lived in the USSR and know the truth first-hand are sovoks. I couldn’t have hoped for a more explicit admission. It’s amazing how often people discredit themselves without even realizing it.

  128. @Fiendly Neighbourhood Terrorist

    but for whom a united India would have achieved independence from Britain in a violent uprising in the 1920s.

    It’s 100 times more likely that such a rebellion in 1920 would have gotten crushed like a bug. People weren’t ready. And British Indian Army were a bunch of spineless compradors who would have happily complied with their English master’s orders and suppressed any popular revolt.

    Case in point, only 3 years prior to the incident in Chauri-Chaura, native troops, acting under orders of an English officer, massacred hundreds of people in a square in Amritsar. I am not aware a single Indian/Pakistani army officer ever acknowledging this fact in so many decades after independence. Even they though they wax poetic about British Indian army’s ‘gallantry’ in the WW1 Western front/Arabian peninsula all the time. It’s a disgusting sight. Slaves larping about their masters.

    Also remember, that after the Chauri-Chaura incident, some 20+ people were executed by Britain and hundreds were jailed. Not a single Indian officer lifted a finger. It’s not like Gandhi stopped them from doing anything.

    Another example would be the Moplah rebellion in 1921. Here you had a real full scale revolt among Muslim peasants in South India. Ordinary peasants, mind you. The rebels actually succeeded in holding a large patch of territory for a few months. But no one in the rest of the country supported them. Among the Hindu dominated INC, the feeling was that these were Muslim, ergo fanatics. Eventually the rebellion was brutally crushed and thousands were killed. Britain used Gurkha soldiers, who were Hindus, to suppress a Muslim rebel group. See the pattern?

    So when you say that but for Gandhi, India had a chance to violently win her independence in the 1920s, it’s a ridiculous statement, to be frank with you. After all the Moplah rebellion was exactly that. It didn’t catch on.

    Against such odds Gandhi had no choice but to keep a low profile. It’s still difficult to judge Gandhi’s real impact on the Indian independence movement. Because history went differently and India got her independence primarily due to external factors – Basically Britain got whacked by two powerful rivals in WW2 and ended up losing her empire. It wasn’t India’s doing.

    It is high time the cult of Mohandas Gandhi was abandoned in the west, just as it has been in India.

    Gandhi isn’t ‘abandoned’ in India. His Indian detractors come from an entirely different angle – butthurt and hatred against Muslims. The Hindu right wing in India hates Gandhi/Nehru/INC because they stopped them from massacring Indian Muslims after independence. They aren’t bothered about what Gandhi did/didn’t do wrt Britain (although they pretend to care and often come up inane statements just like yours). But fundamentally, they hate him because as per their standards, Gandhi was too lenient on Muslims.

    About the West, no one in India will give a single solitary fuck whether Westerners worship him or deconstruct him.

  129. Agent76 says:

    Aug 19, 2016 Putin: How America checkmated Russia

    Oh, you thought the Ukrainian conflict was about “democracy and freedom”, and the Ukraine’s potential entry into the EU? The US-funded government coup in the Ukraine was about preventing the economic integration of the Eurasian Union, that could rival that of the EU and its Atlanticist masters.

  130. Seraphim says:
    @Andrei Martyanov

    The reports talk only of the “Number of convicts for counterrevolutionary and other especially dangerous state crimes in 1921–1953”.
    Solzhenitsyn talks of the total costs of the general repression which was the Revolution with all attendant consequences. Hardly anyone understood that the figure referred only to the category mentioned.
    But it is the malicious misrepresentation of Solzhenitsyn’s assertions that is irksome. One may wonder whether you read Solzhenitsyn and not only the ‘materials for political and socialist education’ sessions.
    He explicitly urged for the opening of the archives. “We, of course, CANNOT vouch for this figure, but we have none other that is official. AND AS SOON AS THE OFFICIAL FIGURE IS ISSUED THE SPECIALISTS CAN MAKE THE NECESSARY CRITICAL COMPARISONS”.
    (The Gulag Archipelago III, chapter 1).

    “In addition to the roll of two world wars, we have lost, as a result of civil strife and tumult alone-as a result of internal political and economic .. class” extermination alone-66 (sixty-six) million people!!!
    That is the calculation of a former Leningrad professor of statistics, I. A. Kurganov*, and you can have it brought to you whenever you wish.
    I am no trained statistician, l cannot undertake to verify it; and anyway all statistics are kept secret in our country, and this is an indirect calculation. But it’s true: a hundred million art no more (exactly a hundred, just as Dostoyevsky prophesied!), and with and without wars we have lost one-third of the population we could now have had and almost half of the one we in fact have! What other people has had to pay such a price? After such losses, we may permit ourselves a little luxury, the way an invalid is given a rest after a serious illness. We need to heal our wounds, cure our national body and natural spirit. Let us find the strength, sense and courage to put our house in order beforewe busy ourselves with the cares of the entire planet”.
    (Letter to the Soviet Leaders)

    “A certain I. Soloviev has written in ‘Pravda’ (14/1/1974) that Solzhenitsyn’s facts are unreliable, fancies of a morbid im­agination or mere cynical falsifications.This, of course, is not so. I cannot agree with some of Solzhenitsyn’s judgments or con­clusions. But it must be firmly stated that all the main facts in his book, and especially all the details of the life and torment of those who were imprisoned, from the time of their arrest to that of their death (or in rarer cases, their release) are perfectly corr­ect. Of course, in an ‘artistic investigation’ on such a huge scale, based not only on the
    impressions of the author himself but also on stories told (and retold) by more than two hundred former prisoners, some inacc­uracies are inevitable, particularly as Solzhenitsyn had to write his book in com­plete secrecy, with no possibility of dis­cussing it before publication even with many of his close friends. But the number of these errors is very small in a work of such weight.
    itsyn… In my view, Solzhenitsyn exaggerates the number of peasants deported during the years of coll­ectivisation, which he estimates at 15 mill­ion. However, if one includes among the vic­tims of those years peasants who died from starvation in 1932-3 (in the Ukraine alone not fewer than 3 to 4 million), it is possible to arrive at a figure even higher than that suggested by Solzhenitsyn.”
    (Roy Medvedev, The Gulag Archipelago).

    * 1924 – 1930 : Lectured at Leningrad University
    1930 – 1942 : Lectured at the Leningrad Financial-Economic Institute
    1934: Became Professor of Economics
    1935 – 1941 : Held chair at the Institute of Soviet Cooperative Trade in Moscow
    1939: Ph.D. in Economics
    1942: Evacuated from Leningrad with the Financial-Economic Institute to the North Caucasus
    1943: Arrived in Berlin, Germany
    1950: Emigrated to the United States
    1951 – 1956 : Held a leading position and presided over the Coordinating Center of Anti-Bolshevik Struggle

    • Replies: @Andrei Martyanov
  131. Robjil says:
    @Andrei Martyanov

    The most interesting part of 200 years together, Russians and Jews, is the pre-Bolshevik Revolution era. This era is not allowed to be examined or studied at all in the Anglo world. This is the real reason that the book has been banned and not allowed to be translated in English. The book explains the real reason why the Pale was necessary. Everyone knows about the large Jewish role in the Bolshevik revolution and the first twenty years of the Bolshevik rule of Russia. So that is not the reason it was banned in the Anglo world. Yet, few know the real history of the Jews of Eastern Europe before that time. Solzh has a very detailed history of that shadowy time that is not allowed to be viewed by English speakers.

  132. Seraphim says:
    @Reuben Kaspate

    “The fool has said in his heart, There is no God. They have corrupted [themselves], and become abominable in their devices; there is none that does goodness, there is not even so much as one. 2 The Lord looked down from heaven upon the sons of men, to see if there were any that understood, or sought after god. 3 They are all gone out of the way, they are together become good for nothing, there is none that does good, no not one.” (a Psalm of David).
    The fools did not disappear from our ‘Green Earth’. They multiplied, actually.

    • Replies: @Reuben Kaspate
  133. @Seraphim

    Solzhenitsyn talks of the total costs of the general repression which was the Revolution with all attendant consequences. Hardly anyone understood that the figure referred only to the category mentioned.

    Again–you are free to believe any BS you want and continue to convince yourself that you know something (you don’t), unlike you, however, I do not even have to come up with any own interpretations (I can, but why repeat what knowledgeable people did already many times over) but I repeat again neither Solzh nor Roy Medvedev (a court jester and a “journalist” by trade) are historians–they are dissidents who pursued their own personal agendas for personal gains. In fact, neither had any background which would allow them to operate with categories which would define their work even mildly scientific. Now, if you do not know–GULAG Archipelago is a work of fiction (yet you continue to quote this crap) it is stated in its title. Unlike you, not only I read most of Solzh, sadly, I even have several volumes of his trash in my personal library precisely for reasons when communicating with someone like you. I repeat–Solzh lied all his life, it is well documented. You like him? Who am I to tell you what or who to like or not. I am saying just a simple thing–you have no clue what are you talking about and your knowledge of Russian modern history is about the level of misguided high schooler at best. The only reason Western public bought Solzh’s BS was because of ideological imperatives of the Cold War and, generally, the so called intellectual elite in the West being extremely sensitive to own physical and moral comfort and paranoid by projecting Solzh’s horrors on themselves. You exhibit the same behavior. You want to stay ignorant about Russia–be my guest. You are too unimportant for Russia or for matters of war and peace, when people in top echelons of American power study Russia through Solzh–that’s the problem, they have the power to make some decisions, and considering an appalling intellectual “level” of those, that becomes an issue of national security for both Russian and US. In conclusion, look at the empirical evidence of the last 40 years and see for yourself how good was Solzhenitsyn’s “education” of, say, Western elites about Russia that they find themselves where they are geopolitically today. But putting it in even simpler terms–anyone who has normal, decent command of Russian language, unless he or she are completely brainwashed, they find Solzh’s rape of Russian language (from preposterous neologisms–невподым(c) to his style) simply unreadable. Enjoy your life and find something useful to do with it.

    • Replies: @Seraphim
  134. @Robjil

    The most interesting part of 200 years together, Russians and Jews, is the pre-Bolshevik Revolution era. This era is not allowed to be examined or studied at all in the Anglo world.

    Events in pre-Revolutionary Russia had very little to do with Jews but almost everything with Russia’s backwardness and humiliating defeat in Russo-Japanese War and then losing appalling numbers in WW I. Svechin or even Denikin are much more informed on those matters than Solzh ever was. Per this 200 Years Together–a tedious work written by him when he understood that he is simply not interesting to precisely my and younger generations of Russians. You like 200 Years Together, enjoy, if it is possible. I do not read amateurs in history. Solzhenitsyn is a worst kind–a militant amateur. I can understand American mental trauma of being in reality a slap bitch for Israel and her own domestic Jewish lobby, but Russian relation with Jews is beyond understanding in the US. No reference points, and it is very difficult to explain all intricacies in those relations, again–it is beyond American historic experience.

    The book explains the real reason why the Pale was necessary.

    Again, Solzh is not historian, sociologist, he is atrociously stupid militarily and strategy wise (read how he lies, amateurishly, about liberation of Prague in 1945, as an example), his geopolitcal views are basically gibberish, so–if you think that Russian modern history is shaped by the almighty Jew, I am a very wrong person to talk about it. I operate with well-established causalities. But I understand why many Americans would try to draw some parallels with current America’s plight which is to a significant extent determined by the actions of Israeli lobby in US. Those parallels are wrong. The United States gave prominence to this mediocrity and then used this mediocrity’s recipes on her way to a disaster–karma is a bitch, isn’t it?

    • Replies: @jilles dykstra
  135. Seraphim says:
    @Andrei Martyanov

    I can understand your nostalgia for the ‘good ol’ days’ enjoyed by the Soviet nomenklatura, elbowed by the new ‘elites’.
    ‘Those were the days my friend/We thought they’d never end/For we were young and sure to have our way’.
    But now ‘we’re older but no wiser/For in our hearts the dreams are still the same’, but the harsh reality is different.
    I imagine how hard it is to change mental habits induced in one’s brain since childhood, the more if they are consolidated by a soldierly view of society. Barracks language won’t help you carrying your message across.
    Now, to say that the ‘Western elites’ have been ‘educated’ about Russia by Solzh. is downright laughable.

    • Replies: @Sergey Krieger
  136. Seraphim says:
    @Robjil

    The reality is that even Solzhenitsyn’s book is rather incomplete.
    But that ‘this era is not allowed to be examined or studied at all in the Anglo world’ is because it might contradict the meme that Jews have been ‘pogromized’ with no respite for no reason other than the sheer malevolence of the barbaric Orthodox Russians who ‘accused them of killing Jesus’. Because they might find that the pogroms were not ‘organized’ by the bloodthirsty Tsars, but that the Tsars took always measures to stop them. Or that the highest ranks of the ‘popular’ (narodnik) terrorist revolutionaries were full of Jews.

    • Agree: Robjil
  137. The H1B hindus can have their Mahatma gandhi all for themselves. We all know you are all red pilled out there but pretend to be virtue signalling PoCs here as long as it benefits you (more legal immigration, more american jobs, more chain migration). But this is a white christian nation and your hypocrisy between what you desire for India and what you desire in the US is increasingly being noted by a lot of folks.

    So shove your “muh skillz” and “muh IQ” where the sun don’t shine and make India great (again???). More power to you. If you insist on your virtue signalling here (like more and more are doing in the Joo york times and other filth) you’ll pay a terrible price if SHTF ever. Your elitist mockery of the blood and soil of this country [the white working class who created this nation that you desire to lord over] combined with your hypocritical stance on white nationalism in the US vis-a-vis hindu nationalism at home will be your undoing. Leave now and take your pagan habits with you and make India great (again???). If the entire industry moves to India, so be it. Demographics is destiny and demographics is king. Once that changes, we are done.

    You were never a part of this nation and did nothing to tame it

  138. @Seraphim

    Rather pathetic response of someone who clearly has to say something but has no clue what and how.

    • Replies: @Seraphim
  139. Robjil says:

    That was what I was trying to point out. It totally shatters the narrative of the “pogrom” Uber Alles agenda in Tsarist Russia, which is promoted so much in the Anglo World. A lot of Eastern Europeans from the Pale area have a bit of European Jewish DNA. How did that happen? It is like a lot of American Blacks have European DNA. The upper rung have more power to give their DNA away. Solzh gives a good picture about how this happened. Vodka making and money lending power by the Askenazis over Eastern Europeans peasants was the main factors that created this DNA exchange, like slavery did in the Americas. Yet, very few Askenazi Jews have Eastern European DNA. They weren’t obviously raped in pogroms. They must have been quite safe for centuries in Eastern Europe as the upper rung of that society.

    • Replies: @Seraphim
  140. anon[228] • Disclaimer says:
    @Ivan

    stupidest comment . the entire Hindu -Mulsim animosity was the creation of the British . It is like China occupying Saudi Arab and then instigating the Saudi Royals against the American elites giving rise to hatred between Bush- CIA- Pentagon – Brooking Institute on one side and Saudi and Gulf royals other side .

  141. @Seraphim

    But you are talking about the God of Christianity not some Alla…. or are you?

    • Replies: @Seraphim
  142. Seraphim says:
    @Sergey Krieger

    Is there something you do know about me that I don’t know? Where from?

    • Replies: @Sergey Krieger
  143. Seraphim says:
    @Reuben Kaspate

    I am sure you have noticed that I was quoting David’s Psalms (Psalm 13 -Septuagint – to be more precise).
    The Hebrew Psalm has Elohim where the Septuagint has Theos. That was the God of the Christians.
    Allah is simply the Syriac rendition of the Aramaic Elaha> ʼAlâhâ.
    Psalms predate Islam by about 16 centuries and were a prophecy of Christ (“Jesus said to them, “These are the words I spoke to you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about Me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets, and the Psalms.”).
    Islam was not a ‘revelation’ of God, but a reworking and distortion of the Christian revelation by the deliriums induced by the desert sun (Miraj) in the mind of its false prophet. It knew nothing about the Psalms, but by hearsay.
    So, really ‘Allah’ is not the same ‘God’ as the God of the Christians. Forget about the ‘Abrahamic’ mish-mash.

    • Replies: @anon
    , @Reuben Kaspate
  144. anon[228] • Disclaimer says:
    @Seraphim

    Another stupidest comment from a moron . Go and induce yourself a seizure and then ramble something basic and as meaningful as the name of your mother .

  145. Pachamama says:

    Mohandas Gandhi was a racist. Not only in South Africa but also in India.

    That this fiction about Gandhi being a ‘mahatma’, as misguidedly told by King and others could continue to avoid the light of truth is singularly amazing in the annuls of mankind.

    White peoples and indeed all the peoples of the earth, with all their formations, must come to know the foundational truths of all civilization. Only then can we remove the scales from the collective eye.

  146. @Seraphim

    Well, you are very confused individual for sure.

    • Replies: @Seraphim
  147. Seraphim says:
    @Robjil

    A fact left out in any discussion of pre-Revolutionary Russia is the attempt of the Jews to recreate the Pale with them on top, under the guise of a “League of East European States”, a buffer state between Germany and Russia, created from territory to be taken from Imperial Russia. If it comes to attention, it is immediately dismissed as ‘conspiracy theory’.

    “In 1902 Max I. Bodenheimer, the President of the ‘Zionist Association for Germany’, wrote a memorandum to the German Foreign Ministry in which he claimed that Yiddish, spoken by millions of East European Jews, who lived in the provinces annexed from Poland by Russia and Austria, was “a popular German dialect,” and that these Jews were well disposed to Germany by linguistic affinity. Bodenheimer stated that Zionism was currently controlled by pro-German leaders, and that Germany’s support for Zionist goals would be a boon to German ambitions in the Near East and would earn the gratitude of the entire Jewish people. “The influence of Jewry in foreign lands would accrue to the benefit of Germany…”
    On Aug. 11, 1914, Bodenheimer submitted another memorandum to the German Foreign Ministry on the “concurrence of German and Jewish interests in the World War.” On Aug. 17, 1914, the German Committee for Freeing of Russian Jews was founded by German Zionists including Max Bodenheimer, Franz Oppenheimer (1864-1943), Adolf Friedmann (1871-1933) and Russian Zionist Leo Motzkin (1867-1933). The German Foreign Ministry supported the founding of the new committee. [One won’t be surprised that the ‘Committee’ was approved by the Central Committee of the International Zionist League in Berlin, under Professor Otto Warburg, from the same Hamburg family like the German-American bankers who lend the money for the ‘Revolution’].
    In Sept. 1914 the German Committee for Freeing of Russian Jews sent voluminous documentation about the Eastern Jews to the German Foreign Ministry and proposed establishment of a “buffer state” within the Jewish Pale of Settlement, composed of the former Polish provinces annexed by Russia. The new committee warned against the resurrection of a Polish national state and the danger of the Polish irredentist movement in the territories annexed from Poland by Germany and Austria”.
    @”Judeopolonia”, by Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski

    “On August 17 an appeal to the Jews of Russia, signed by the Supreme Command of the German and Austrian armies, called on them to rise in arms, promising them ‘equal civic rights for all, free exercise of their religion and their civil callings and free choice of residence within any territory occupied in future by the Central Powers’. In this as in other leaflets as, for example, those distributed by the Jewish Committees in Galicia, the Jews were adjured in burning words to avenge themselves for the pogroms: ‘Jews of Russia! Rise! Spring to arms! Help hunt the Moskal out of the West, out of Poland, Lithuania, White Russia, Volhynia and Podolia ! Freedom is coming from Europe . . . !’
    @Fritz Fisher, “Germany’s Aims In The First World War”

    No wonder that the Jews have been accused of being a fifth column of the Germans, engaging in acts of espionage and sabotaging the war effort.
    Not even Solzhenitsyn made any reference to the ‘League’. It was still a hot potato. The idea of a Jewish autonomous ‘state’ was recycled immediately after the Revolution as a Jewish autonomous state in Ukraine and Crimea, abandoned in favor of Birobidjan, but revived after WWII, with American support, but dismissed again because of the obvious danger of becoming an American base. The hysterics in relation to the ‘annexation’ of Crimea suggest that the idea did not die.

    • Agree: Robjil
  148. I am seriously ill, was unable to read UNZ for several days now.
    My comments will stop within a few months from now.
    What I miss in this article is how honest western mainstream history writing ended at the end of the twenties.
    Since then we have mainly propaganda against anti semitism.

  149. @Seraphim

    I thought so! Anyway, that Alla is not ours to worry but those sand fellows and their lackeys in nations bowing to that Pretender!

  150. denk says:
    @jilles dykstra

    You’ll be taking a rest from posting you mean ?

  151. @Reuben Kaspate

    Minor problems:

    1. The train was loaded with Hindu fascist “Kar sevaks”, not ordinary people and

    2. A judicial commission proved that the train could not possibly have been burnt from outside, and was likely burnt by an accidental and coincidental fire (like happens, well, routinely, in Indian trains).

    But believe whatever fantasy you like. It makes no difference to the fact that the Modi regime is getting kicked out in four months.

    • Replies: @AnonFromTN
  152. @Seraphim

    True enough, but again those mercenaries would have flight for anyone paying them – and many of them, when taken PoW and confronted by the fact that they were fighting for their oppressors, joined the Freikorps Indien in Germany and the Indian National Army in Japan. And the comprador regime of Nehru, after independence, never allowed *them* back into the armed forces.

  153. denk says:

    The 2020 potus circus might be another good cop/bad cop show, bet Tulsi Gabbard the hindoo and Nikki Haley the Sikh.

  154. @Hanoodtroll

    I don’t agree. As a left winger myself I detest Gandhi, who worked hard to maintain the caste system and who sabotaged the nationalist left. In the 1920s to 30s small scale armed rebellion simmered through north and east India (Jatin Bose, Bhagat Singh, et al) and but for Gandhi would have had a much greater chance of attracting recruits. The USSR could have covertly supplied arms and training, but even if it didn’t, there was already a high level of anger against Britain and its puppets; Jalianwala Bagh, in fact, was the British response to *united* Hindu/Muslim demonstrations against British rule. It was only the Sikh clergy in Punjab who stayed cravenly loyal to the Brutish Empire. In any case, Gandhi certainly did nothing to forward the cause of Indian independence during the period; instead he promoted stooges who made the vivisection of the country inevitable.

    • Replies: @Hanoodtroll
  155. @Ivan

    “The upper-class Hindus because the British had broken the back of Mughal-Muslim rule”

    Crap. At the time of the British conquest the Mughal Empire was long gone in all but name. The two dominant powers in the Indian subcontinent were the Hindu Maratha Empire and the Sikh Empire. The Brits actually allied with the Sikhs before turning on them (another piece of British perfidy, but one the Sikhs deserved for allying with the Brits against their fellow subcontinental nations).

    • Replies: @homahr
  156. Know nothing about a Modi regime; who can put two and two together understands what I mean by stopping writing comments altogether, after having been seriously ill

  157. @Fiendly Neighbourhood Terrorist

    I don’t know much about that incident, but you don’t sound convincing. Your arguments remind me of a Russian joke. A woman comes to her neighbor and demands the return of her pot. The neighbor answers: first, I never borrowed it from you; second, I have returned it a long time ago; third, it was broken when you gave it to me.

  158. Nava Nova says:

    It is a wonderful essay that connects & relates the peace loving dedicated intellectuals & leaders of the world , I used to enjoy Vladislav Krasnov articles & interviews with Jhoan Alexis at VT. When I see his name I was sure to enjoy the article & of course the comment section that usually attracts real intelectuals to overwhelm the large space with their valuable dialgues & reflections.

  159. Mike P says:
    @jilles dykstra

    I am seriously ill, was unable to read UNZ for several days now. My comments will stop within a few months from now.

    I’m sorry to hear that. You are one of the people on here who I would have liked to meet in real life.

  160. Seraphim says:
    @jilles dykstra

    You have all my compassion. It is the time to give a thought to your maker and make peace with him. I am praying that he may forgive all your sins, voluntary or involuntary.

  161. @AnonFromTN

    “You don’t sound convincing”.

    Reality does not care what your prejudices are.

    You *could*, if you wanted, educate yourself, but perhaps that’s too much effort?

    • Replies: @AnonFromTN
  162. @Fiendly Neighbourhood Terrorist

    I don’t mean the facts, I mean internal inconsistency. First, you imply that those guys deserved to be burned. Then you state that they weren’t.

  163. denk says:
    @jilles dykstra

    It came as a shock to me.
    IM lost for words, except,..
    Sorry, nice to’ve met you here.

    • Replies: @jilles dykstra
  164. AR says:
    @jilles dykstra

    You said that you were ill in a previous comment and I think you are old. It worries me that that the commenters here are old and their wisdom and experience, like yours, will be lost. Please keep your books safe.

    Your comments are valued and especially the books you refer to- they are my new reading lists and I thank you for your guidance, jilles dykstra. I will miss you.

    May God’s grace go with you on your journey.

    • Replies: @jilles dykstra
  165. @denk

    Thanks for your reply, in my case an unsual one.
    If you followed my comments you may have realised that quite a lot of the facts I think I know are unknown to the general public.
    On top of this, many of my conclusions, both from maintream facts, and from non mainstream facts, already are at odds with mainstream ideas.

    As homo sapiens wants consensus, normal group behaviour, that what I wrote, not just in the USA, seldom was welcomed. Also not in the Netherlands and Germany, and not in GB, when freedom of expresssion still existed, in GB.
    In my case, this led not to poverty, being ostracised, or prison, I did not write books or articles, my pension continued to be paid.

    So I escaped the fate of, to name a few, Irving, Faurisson, Beard, Hoggan, maybe Taylor and Hoggan, Barnes, maybe Buchanann, Hohmann, Schulze Rhonoff, Bavendamm, Maser, Normann Finkelstein, Pappe, Davidsson, maybe Bethel and Musial, maybe Bacque, maybe F.J.P.Veale, maybe Bruce Allen Murphy, John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, maybe Frans Kurowski.
    There are more, it happens that all books from certain historians, disappear.
    Happen to know about a book written by a Finnish historian about a Churchill Stalin deal of the autumn of 1939 that cannot be found anywhere any more.
    ‘Maybe’, do not always know how non mainstream history historians can pay the rent, or cannot.

    ‘1984’ exists since a long time, book burnings already happened in the theological battle between christianity and judaism.
    Around 1000 christianity had won.

    • Replies: @Mike P
  166. @AR

    Thanks
    See a similar comment here

  167. Solzhenitsyn’s 1974 essay “Live Not by Lies” is very much a passive resistance Ghandi type of activism.

    I was watching a movie about the USSR GULAGs recently here: https://www.celtic-films.com/gulag-magadan-2017/

    And found that film had this Solzhenitsyn line: “For young people who want to live with truth, this will, in the beginning, complicate their young lives very much, because the required recitations are stuffed with lies, and it is necessary to make a choice.”
    Source: http://www.orthodoxytoday.org/articles/SolhenitsynLies.php

    I was shocked any film had brought that Solzhenitsyn essay about the costs of passive resistance, to the cinema.

  168. “For young people who want to live with truth, this will, in the beginning, complicate their young lives very much, because the required recitations are stuffed with lies, and it is necessary to make a choice.”

    ” because the required recitations are stuffed with lies, and it is necessary to make a choice “

    Do not agree with the quotation in bold, if it means ‘making an arbitrary choice’.

    The great thing about truth is consistency: very difficult to lie consistently.
    In nearly 20 tears I literally read hundreds of books about history, from 1870 to the present.
    Books by different writers, from different countries, from different cultures, written during the specified period, the first book written around 1900.

    With a good memory one then can sift truth from lies.
    In my case not just reading, but also by debating, with people from all over the world.

    Quite happy that this quest for the truth began late in life, ‘wiser but sadder man’ is quite true.

    • Replies: @denk
    , @Mike P
  169. denk says:
    @jilles dykstra

    This is a beautiful world, but it has been brutalised and messed up by the international mafiaso who run the 5lies.

    It’s a jungle out there.
    Hence the more we learn, the more depressed we become.
    But give me someone who’s wiser but angrier over those who live in blissful ignorance any time.

  170. homahr says:
    @Fiendly Neighbourhood Terrorist

    Everyone seems to ignore/forget about the Marathas. Or maybe they just don’t know. Everyone should read about the Marathas, they ruled much of India for at least 200 years before the Brits finally consolidated the Raj. Mughals at that time existed, but their power was more symbolic. They didn’t control any significant territory.

  171. Mike P says:
    @jilles dykstra

    Happen to know about a book written by a Finnish historian about a Churchill Stalin deal of the autumn of 1939 that cannot be found anywhere any more.

    Can you tell us the author and title of that book?

    • Replies: @jilles dykstra
  172. Mike P says:
    @jilles dykstra

    In nearly 20 tears I literally read hundreds of books about history, from 1870 to the present. … With a good memory one then can sift truth from lies.

    If you are able, I still wish you would distil your most important insights from all that work into an essay to post on here.

  173. @Mike P

    If I remember correctly the book was mentioned on this forum, in an e mail correspondence I got more details, which I did not file.
    Can just hope the commenter will respond to your question

    • Agree: Mike P
    • Replies: @jilles dykstra
  174. @jilles dykstra

    Andrei Martyanov says: • Website
    January 28, 2019 at 1:59 am GMT • 400 Words
    @Seraphim

    Solzhenitsyn talks of the total costs of the general repression which was the Revolution with all attendant consequences. Hardly anyone understood that the figure referred only to the category mentioned.

    Again–you are free to believe any BS you want and continue to convince yourself that you know something (you don’t), unlike you, however, I do not even have to come up with any own interpretations (I can, but why repeat what knowledgeable people did already many times over) but I repeat again neither Solzh nor Roy Medvedev (a court jester and a “journalist” by trade) are historians–they are dissidents who pursued their own personal agendas for personal gains. In fact, neither had any background which would allow them to operate with categories which would define their work even mildly scientific. Now, if you do not know–GULAG Archipelago is a work of fiction (yet you continue to quote this crap) it is stated in its title.

    This comment 137 here, copying the number seems to be impossible.
    The comment goes on, it is worth reading.

    What went wrong in writing ‘history’ like this is that ojectivity disappeared.
    Just assertions.
    S’s first book is one of the best referenced books about history I ever read.

    As I wrote:
    The great thing about truth is consistency: very difficult to lie consistently.
    In nearly 20 tears I literally read hundreds of books about history, from 1870 to the present.
    Books by different writers, from different countries, from different cultures, written during the specified period, the first book written around 1900.

    The quest for truth disappeared since approx 1900

    If anyone here now comprehends these last senteences, since “As I wrote”, I wonder.
    This for me is the essence of S stating ‘one must never ompomise truth’.

  175. @Andrei Martyanov

    Again, Solzh is not historian, sociologist, he is atrociously stupid militarily and strategy wise (read how he lies, amateurishly, about liberation of Prague in 1945

    1945 is far later than 1900, the approx date in my head when many world concepts as ‘liberation’ began to get a quite different meaning
    In my head the USSR occupation of Prague began in 1945.
    There was one day of liberation, when USA Jeeps were in the City;
    Chasing the Germans, for even less than a day, for the Tjechs, was liberation.
    Thereafter, USSR occupation until approx 1990

    • Replies: @Andrei Martyanov
  176. @jilles dykstra

    In my head the USSR occupation of Prague began in 1945.

    Sure, I don’t care about Czechs nor Poles, they should have been left to Nazi German devices. Andrei Raevsky floated this interesting idea (unrealistic, of course) if it would have been possible not to liberate Poles and the rest, just get to Berlin and be done with it. As per your head, it is your head and if it fits all kind of BS it is entirely up to you. I heard Czechia today is one hot hub for sex-tourism and pornography in the Western world–good deal, they finally have been liberated.

  177. As per your head, it is your head and if it fits all kind of BS it is entirely up to you. I heard Czechia today is one hot hub for sex-tourism and pornography in the Western world–good deal, they finally have been liberated

    Yes, this happens to all countries having been poor onder USSR liberation, see Vilnius
    You have been poor under USA liberation all your life, I suppose.
    Never been in Prague in 1965 ?
    Then there sex industry was invisible

  178. Gg Mo says:
    @Seraphim

    I think there are 3-4 trolls having “conversations” here . The membrane of their discourse is very thin and scripted. Thank you again Seraphim , for your discernment and words carry truth.

    • Replies: @Seraphim
  179. Gg Mo says:
    @utu

    And those are just the top three. There are a couple of others. What with obsconding with billions of dollars, they pay well these “intellects” highered as trolls w/ there high IQ’s in their cubicles in Tel Aviv.

  180. Gg Mo says:
    @jilles dykstra

    In Christ. Thank you jilles dykstra.

  181. @Fiendly Neighbourhood Terrorist

    Well you see, the problem with “small scale” rebellions is that, well, they are small. And as you are aware, they were all crushed like bugs. It wasn’t just Gandhi who didn’t support them. No one else lifted a finger either. Because like Gandhi, the rest of the elite also came to the same conclusion that armed rebellion won’t be affordable.

    Like I said earlier, Gandhi didn’t wield some kind of magical power over 300 million Indians. He couldn’t have stopped them if they actually rebelled. Bottom line – Barring a few local cases like the Moplahs, Indians didn’t rebel against Britain in any significant way after 1857 (until near the very end in the 1940s with the INA and the Navy mutiny). Saying that this one guy and his motley crew were somehow responsible for that, is what I call ‘Vedic history’ – a Hindu right wing cranks’ specialty.

  182. Seraphim says:
    @Gg Mo

    Thank you for your kind words, but they are not entirely deserved. I do not speak for myself. Those people are very upfront, they don’t mince their words and don’t hide their contempt for you. You deserve the same praise for discerning the truth. “Truth will raise above falsehood like oil above water”.

  183. @ThreeCranes

    Were I not an ethnic Russian, I might have agreed with you. However, being what I am, I still aspire for becoming what your favorite Russian author Dostoevsky called all-human (vsechelovek) ideal. It is not an easy task, it is certainly easier said than done.

    Moreover, I have obligations as US citizen. When I taught Russian studies during the turmoil of Vietnam War, more than once I was approached by American students who confided to me “if I did not read Dostoevsky, I would have joined the New Left radicals and revolutionaries”. You may not know it, but then the USA were as close to civil war as it is now. Seattle where I studied and taught at the UW, was among the cities with highest frequency of home-made bomb explosions, and there were the SDS, Black Panthers, Symbionese Liberation Army and other violent left, black and white groups. Were it not for the Martin Luther King’s message of Non-Violence, things could have turned much worse than they did.

    So the question to those who pride themselves on belonging to the great Russian culture: Why did so many Russians in 1917 forgot about not just Dostoevsky’s “The Possessed”, but also about Leo Tolstoy’s teaching of non-resistance to Evil by Evil means? Why did they abandoned overnight the high moral standards of the classical Russian literature–to say nothing of Russian Orthodox Christianity with its professed Byzantine Third Rome legacy–to Lenin’s slogan of turning “the Imperialist War into a Civil war”? I think the answer has to do with the ingrained inferiority complex that many Russians, especially intelligentsia, have historically felt toward the West, in general, and particularly to Karl Marx’s class struggle”science” that justified and even demanded VIOLENCE as a short-cut to universal happiness.

    I share your admiration for Solzhenitsyn, as you will see in my previous essay “Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s Relevance Today” in The Unz Review. But this does not prevent me from admiring Mahatma Gandhi, especially, his ethical behavior pattern:

    Keep your thoughts positive because your thoughts become your words. Keep your words positive because your words become your behaviors. Keep your behaviors positive because your behaviors become your habits. Keep your habits positive because your habits become your values. Keep your values positive because your values become your destiny.

    I wish the above was uttered by Solzhenitsyn, or a Pythagoras, or a Socrates, or any of the Biblical prophets. But it was not (even though I believe each of them would have agreed with Gandhi). I take my hat off before any wise man or woman (and I made a point of including women in my essay too). As alwayiss, I say “Planetarians of the World, Unite!”–before it is too late.

    Btw, the film “Tangerines” you saw is not Russian, but Georgian. I did not see it, but I believe you it was a good film because its director stresses neither its Georgianness, nor Russianness, but its HUMANNESS, very much in line with both Gandhi and Solzhenitsyn.

    Thanks to ThreeCranes and all other commenters. I am sorry for being unable right now to respond to other interesting comments. All of us should be grateful to Ron Unz for giving us a modern platform for a dialogue and polyphony of ideological voices of various persuasion as long as we do not call for violence, foreign or domestic.

    Respectfully, Vladislav Krasnov

  184. Sparkon says:
    @jilles dykstra

    I am sorry and sad to read this comment just now when I noticed you had not been posting recently. I recall that you had mentioned previously that you are elderly and not in good health, so I can only offer my best wishes and kind thoughts.

    You have made many interesting and informative comments here at UR, and in my fantasy I can entertain the happy thought that you will return.

    Be well Jilles Dykstra.

  185. danlan says: • Website

    I found this to be an informative article, written with sensitivity, sensibility and passion for those who articulate peaceful cooperation between all peoples. I’m not partial to those who contradict the present order but neither change history nor leave a well recognized imprint on future generations, which, from my viewpoint, characterizes the mystical Solzhenitsyn. Not everyone may agree with the contents, but there is much knowledge to be gained, and provoking a large amount of comments from all viewpoints indicates a meaningful article.

    • Replies: @Vladislav Krasnov
  186. @danlan

    Thank you, danian, for your thoughtful response. Indeed, my main purpose was to raise general awareness of the grave situation the world is facing right now. This requires going beyond national borders, over and above political divisions between the Left and the Right, even beyond religious and civilizational divides.
    Remember Harvard professor Samuel Huntington’s prediction of The Clash of Civilizations as his 1993 book was named? Written after the collapse of the USSR and Soviet block, the book predicted that the great battle lines between political ideologies, be it Communism, Nazism, Fascism, Zionism or Social-Democracy and Western democratic welfare states will be replaced by renewed traditional enmities between and among civilizations. His prediction seemed well-informed and justified at his time. Alas, it gives no solace to us for it assumes that violence is the way of the world.
    Meanwhile, the technological developments since 1993, including proliferation of the Internet and other High-tech information networks, puts in question the efficacy of violence to make any sense at all. We live in the world when it is impossible for citizens of any country to tell news from fake-news, the truth from lies, the aggressor from its victims. Proliferation of the weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems dwarf our imagination.
    In short, a clash of civilizations now may well spell the End of Humankind, as well as the animal and plant life on the Planet Earth. In fact, we do not even need an Evil Doer for this to happen. All we need is a failure of nerve, miscalculation, wrong assumption, and sheer accident. In the best case scenario, we will end up with Albert Einstein’s prediction that the next war will be fought with sticks and stones. That’s why collective efforts of humankind are needed to stave off the impending catastrophe. That’s why, being US citizen of ethnic Russian and Orthodox Christian background, I wanted to assimilate not just the wisdom of Martin Luther King and Solzhenitsyn but also that of Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela and whoever else who is capable of transcending one’s national, political, racial and religious background– for the sake of assuring the future of the Earth.
    Am I calling back to the slogan of peaceful co-existence and detente that regulated the old Cold War? Perhaps, in so far, as they helped normal and steady diplomatic contacts between the USA and USSR. However, let us not forget that the USSR refused to “peacefully co-exist” with their own citizens, such as Solzhenitsyn and other dissidents, who did not bow before the Marxist theory of violent world revolution. Thanks God, now all Russian citizens are free to think and write what they like and travel to any country.
    As the founder and president of Russia & America Good Will Association (RAGA.org), while honoring the wise men in my article, I wish to launch an entirely different, more promising and more harmonious paradigm for international relations based on the need for all civilizations, now matter how different, to rule out violence as immoral and impotent and learn to co-exist for the benefit of all. So, implicitly my essay on Gandhi and Solzhenitsyn aims at buttressing this new paradigm of international relations. See also my response to 190.ThreeCranes.

  187. @Seraphim

    Having seen the first two laudatory comments, by anonymous[340] and Petrus, whom I am happy to thank, I somehow missed the third one which contains a challenge I cannot ignore.”Solzhenitsyn actually invokes the name of Ghandi to say that ‘this is not our way”, says Seraphim, implying that I misrepresented Solzhenitsyn’s essay on “Repentance and Self-Restriction”.
    Seraphim implies that Solzhenitsyn DISAPPROVES Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence as alien to Russians. In fact, Solzhenitsyn deplores Russian people’s inability, in the conditions of Soviet totalitarian police state, to raise to Gandhi’s level of non-violent social activism, “in view of our ingrained cowardice”. Isn’t Solzhenitsyn’s ability to take a critical view of his own nation remarkable in itself?
    The latter does not imply a slur against Russian national character. It rather means that as much as the Indians had been oppressed under the British colonial rule, their lot was easier than that of those dissident in the USSR, both Russians and non-Russians, who had been chained not just the CHEKA but also by the allegedly “progressive” Marxist-Leninist ideology of Western origin (a sort of intellectual colonialism?).
    Besides, Solzhenitsyn described the situation of early 1970s when his essay was written. Later, Soviet dissidents, in addition to telling the truth, dared to show up with their peaceful demands in front of the Lenin Mausoleum.
    I shall not dispute that “Solzhenitsyn’s way was that of Orthodoxy and of Russian ‘national identity’ formed and molded by it”. However, let us not forget that in declaring his “Orthodox” ways, Solzhenitsyn was much ahead of the official Orthodox Church as evidenced by his “Lenten Letter to the Patriarch Pimen” (https://www.amazon.com/Lenten-Letter-Pimen-Patriarch-Russia/dp/B007BNFGE4) in which Solzhenitsyn reproached the patriarch for quietism and praised dissident Orthodox priests.
    Finally, I disagree with your round condemnation of such disparate pre-1917 movements as
    “Liberalism, Nihilism, Tolstoyism, Uniatism, Sophianism, Theosophism, Symbolism, Universal Sufism, Buddhism, Yogism”. The proliferation of such movements before the Communist Revolution shows the vitality of Russian civilization. Just think, my friend, that thousands of members of the above movements later landed in The GULAG, all victims of the FIRST Color Revolution, under the Red Flag, whose Ideology of Western Origin, openly proclaimed violence, and censorship, as scientifically pre-ordained.
    By pointing an accusing finger at these ideologies, you seem to divert attention from the chief Evil Doer. As I pointed out in my book “Solzhenitsyn and Dostoevsky” the official Soviet monologism suppressed polyphony of various ideologies with which one might disagree and yet must tolerate. (https://www.amazon.com/Solzhenitsyn-Dostoevsky-Study-Polyphonic-Novel/dp/0820304727) Please also read my old essay “Karl Marx as Dr. Frankenstein: Toward a Genealogy of Communism” (https://www.unz.com/print/ModernAge-1978q1-00072/). Thank you for challenging me. Vladislav Krasnov

  188. @mike k

    Well, not everything. A lot, for sure.

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