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Does Female Equality Mean More Lesbians?
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Lesbianism, or at least being “queer,” is currently fashionable among celebrity females. Madonna, Britney Spears and Ariana Grande all use “hints” of—non-exclusive—lesbianism to “titillate” their fans.(Madonna and Britney are pictured above at the 2003 MTV Music Awards. ) The wannabe-edgy Miley Cyrus, who is married to a man, has referred to herself as “queer” because she’s had lesbian experiences and feelings. But lesbian feminist Julie Bindel regards this as complete nonsense, insisting that “real lesbians commit to the role” . [Why are boringly straight women claiming to be lesbians?, Spectator USA, May 2, 2019] However, the remarkable fact is that society may have evolved in a way that really is creating more real lesbians.

Fascinatingly, lesbianism is not simply the female version of being a homosexual male. It just doesn’t follow the same rules.

Evolutionary psychologists have various theories as to how male homosexuality might have evolved—it was useful to the group to have a caste of non-breeding males or it reduces inter-male conflict [Homosexuality, birth order, and evolution, by Edward Miller, Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2000], or it might even be an in utero disease. But they can’t explain lesbianism.

Fortunately, a group of leading evolutionary psychologists have now given it their best shot, with an eye-opening review of the evolution of what Miley Cyrus claims, in part, to be.

The journal Evolutionary Psychological Science will soon publish “The Evolution of Human Female Sexual Orientation” by Austin Jeffrey and his team, based at Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan. [PDF, in press]. This article is based on its findings,

The Jeffrey et al. study begins by highlighting just how different female homosexuality is from that of males. Male sexual orientation is about 40% genetic, whereas with females it is only 20% caused by genes, meaning it’s overwhelmingly the result of environmental factors. This implies that evolution has selected for a portion of exclusive homosexuals among males, making male sexuality more genetic, but for sexual fluidity among females.

In other words, it is optimally useful for societal survival to have a caste of definite gay men and a caste of sexually fluid women.

Roughly 3 per cent of Americans say they are “homosexual” but 20% of US females claim to have had feelings of same-sex attraction or lesbian experiences. Usually males who had have homosexual experiences are exclusively homosexual and identify as such. But equivalent females will identify as “bi” or “queer,” with only a minority claiming to be “lesbian.” In males, heterosexual attraction strongly negatively correlates with homosexual attraction, but in females the relationship is weak. Males, note the authors, regard only nude females as “sexual,” whereas females see all nudes as “sexual.”

Lesbianism is not some “modern” perversion. It can be observed in societies under Darwinian conditions. In Ancient China, some women would become the concubines of high status wives. In Nigerian and Kenyan tribes, single mothers get together with “butch” females who act as their de facto husbands. If you go to Lesotho, you will find that there are lesbian relationships between older women and pubescent girls. Lesbianism is also widespread among various apes, who will masturbate each other with their hand-like feet.

“What is going on?” ask the authors, reasonably.

Firstly, they distinguish between two kinds of lesbian: “butches” and “femmes.” “Butches” are masculinized females: masculinized to the extent that they are attracted exclusively to other females. These out-and-out lesbians have high levels of circulating testosterone as well as other masculine traits, such as a low “2D:4D” ratio (meaning their fingers are all of a relatively similar lengths) and left-handedness (also higher among males).

Often, the mothers of “butches” have suffered from adrenal hyperplasia, meaning that butches are exposed to too much testosterone while in the womb. More often than not, butches are attracted to “femmes”—feminine, bisexual or experimenting females—and vice versa.

But how can this kind of behavior have been selected for anyway, when 90% of heterosexual women have children compared to only 30% of bisexuals or lesbians?

The authors explore all of the possibilities. Lesbianism could be a by-product of something adaptive: two copies of an allele and you’re prone to lesbianism; one copy and you’re extremely fertile, so lesbianism stays in the population. It’s like sickle cell anemia. One copy of the allele and you are immune to malaria; two copies and you have the disease. So sickle cell anemia stays in the population because of the siblings of sufferers are going to raise more children, because they’re immune to malaria, compared to the general population.

The problem: there is evidence that sisters of homosexual males have elevated fertility, but here’s no evidence for this among the siblings of lesbians.

Some researchers have proposed that males find lesbianism attractive and so lesbianism stays in the population because men are turned-on by fantasizing about two females having sex.

However, to the extent that this is true, it would be the “femmes” that they would be aroused by. But there is no hard evidence that men are likely to try to seduce females who are bisexual over heterosexual.

Yet another possibility: males are attracted to some masculine qualities in women—such as bravery and drive—which means that, just by chance, in some females, these all coalesce together.

But even if this is true, it doesn’t explain why female sexuality is so environmentally fluid, but male sexuality is not

A better explanation, argue the Jeffrey team: so-called “self-dominance” models.

Most human social organizations are polygamous. This happens because females are selected to be attracted to the highest status males because these are the most likely to be able to look after them and their offspring, elevating the likelihood of survival. This creates a situation where lots of co-wives have to be able to get along and to form alliances to receive the most investment in their children, as the alpha male’s attention turns to younger, more fertile wives. This would select for these females being able to work together to “alloparent”—to help each other raise each other’s children.

Of course, alloparenting would be easier if there were no feelings of aggression or jealousy between these women. And this would, in turn, be easier if they could create intensely strong bonds with each other, leading to a de facto nuclear family, via sexual attraction.

In particular, it would mean that the co-wives would be less jealous of the younger or more attractive co-wives who were receiving more attention from the male, which would help to create a more harmonious society.

Consistent with this model, females are very strongly prone to become gay in the absence of high-status males. In all-female prisons, note the authors, about 60% of inmates reporting being “lesbians”—in other words, prison makes them homosexual.

The alloparenting hypothesis has some amazing implications for a society based around “female equality.”

Females, but not males, generally sexually select hypergamously (upwards) in terms of status. In other words, they are programed to want a sexual partner who has higher socioeconomic status than they do.

But, as British educationalist Joanna Williams has explored in depth in her 2017 book Women Vs. Feminism: Why We All Need Liberating from the Gender Wars, males and females now have at least equal socioeconomic status. And in many Western countries young females are more educated than males of the same age. (Itself a subject worthy of another column).

This would mean that more and more females, especially highly educated and intelligent ones, find it very difficult to locate a higher status male.

In the absence of such males, we would expect them to turn to lesbianism—pairing up with the highly genetically homosexual “butches,” for example.

So maybe Miley Cyrus’s bisexuality is more than just a publicity stunt. As an extremely rich and successful female, there are probably very few males she’ll actually find attractive.

Perhaps she doesn’t even find her husband particularly attractive. And maybe that leads to her eventually developing genuine homosexual feelings.

Lance Welton [Email him] is the pen name of a freelance journalist living in New York.

(Republished from VDare by permission of author or representative)
 
• Category: Ideology • Tags: Gays/Lesbians, Political Correctness 
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  1. Polar says:

    I remember checking out a college and reading up on their sororities. One of them described themselves as a society of professional lesbians.

    This got to to think, “if they are the professionals, who are the amateur lesbians”? I take it they are implying at least bisexual women since lesbian sex doesn’t get more amateurish than having a man join in it.

  2. Above Lance Welton writes

    there is no hard evidence that men are likely to try to seduce females who are bisexual over heterosexual

    heh-heh-heh ‘hard’ evidence, well …

    Stars need to be aligned for the natural, spontaneous, not-by-hire 3some opportunities, but when they happen …

    Nice to have this topic explored a bit

  3. Realist says:

    This would mean that more and more females, especially highly educated and intelligent ones, find it very difficult to locate a higher status male.

    In the absence of such males, we would expect them to turn to lesbianism—pairing up with the highly genetically homosexual “butches,” for example.

    So maybe Miley Cyrus’s bisexuality is more than just a publicity stunt. As an extremely rich and successful female, there are probably very few males she’ll actually find attractive.

    Perhaps she doesn’t even find her husband particularly attractive. And maybe that leads to her eventually developing genuine homosexual feelings.

    Madonna, Britney Spears, Ariana Grande, Miley Cyrus….educated….intelligent….what bullshit.

    Homosexuality is genetic not a life choice.

  4. It is possible that the increasing gayness of society is a population-control measure by Mother Nature. Even though most of them do not live in affluent countries that pay the household bills of single womb producers—with government covering every expense from rent to food and adding up to $6,431 in refundable child tax credit cash each year as a payment for womb-productive sex in single-breadwinner households that stay under the earned-income limits for welfare via part-time work—womb producers in impoverished nations worldwide are still churning out a stunning number of bambinos.

    They do in America, too, in that the Millennial and Z generations are massive—bigger than the Baby Boom, likely due to all of the pay from government for heterosexual sex that likely results in increased births, with each additional birth adding to the momma’s unearned income till, enabling her to undercut non-welfare-eligible, non-womb-productive earners in a labor market full of part-time / temp & churn jobs made possible by the elaborate, rigged system of unearned pay for womb-productive sex from Uncle Sam—the biggest pimp in the civilized world.

    • Replies: @Gordo
  5. JRM says:

    I think that engaging in athletic competition and excessive consumption of carbohydrates change the hormonal profiles of women. These changes contribute to same sex attraction.

    “In no matter what sport (soccer, softball, volleyball, and tennis) levels of salivary cortisol and testosterone increased when women participated in athletic competition”
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23523743

    Lesbians shows higher testosterone

    “Results revealed that lesbian/bisexual women had higher overall testosterone and progesterone concentrations than heterosexual women”
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27398882

    Carbohydrate intake is a bit harder to show.

    This study showed a reduction in testosterone in postmenopausal women with reduced carbohydrate.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12947426

    Metformin is a drug for diabetes which helps normalize blood sugar. Treating PCOS women with metformin also reduced testosterone.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15624270

    Ketogenic diet lowers testosterone in PCOS women
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16359551

  6. It’s broads and their sick, narcissistic minds and feelings. Who even gives a shit, seriously?

  7. Whenever I am around butch lesbians I pick up from their body language that they are angry
    women. Rush calls them femnazis. There is a funny cartoon where a guy goes into a feminist
    bookstore and asks where the humor section is. A woman clerk responds : “This is a feminist
    bookstore. There IS no humor section.”

  8. anon[987] • Disclaimer says:

    “it was useful to the group to have a caste of non-breeding males or it reduces inter-male conflict” needs to be connected to “most human societies are polygamous.”

    Male homosexuality provides on outlet for post-pubescent boys in societies where females are off-limits (think: from classical Athens to Michael Corleone in 1940s Sicily) as well as for young men when alpha males have monopolized all the women.

    James Neil’s The Origin and Role of Same Sex Relations in Human Societies covers this exhaustively (James Bradley documents it in modern Islamic countries in his Behind the Veil of Vice); see my Amazon kindle reviewing Neil’s book.

  9. Gordo says:
    @Endgame Napoleon

    It is possible that the increasing gayness of society is a population-control measure by Mother Nature.

    As if nature controlled Western society ffs.

  10. Rosie says:

    Can someone give me the tldr on what rights and privileges Mr. Welton thinks women should have to give up to indirectly reduce the number of lesbians in the world?

  11. Modern sex ed probably plays a role here by teaching girls how to masturbate and have orgasms as ends in themselves. This lowers girls’ inhibitions about experimenting with other girls’ bodies.

    The traditional practice of leaving a girl partially in the dark about her sexuality until she can explore it with her husband in marriage has something to commend it.

  12. Anon[162] • Disclaimer says:

    “women should have to give up to indirectly reduce the number of lesbians in the world”

    Social media might be a good start. Parents could restrict their teen daughters from using Facebook and Twitter until high school graduation.

  13. in many Western countries young females are more educated than males of the same age. (Itself a subject worthy of another column).

    It is indeed worthy of another column, if only to make the obvious point that additional years of attendance at an educational institution is not the same as being or becoming “more educated“.

    Control for the socioeconomic value of what’s studied, and it’s really clear that the “more educated” women who undertake a decade of study in some absolute bullshit discipline, earn less than men who eschew further years of study based on a clear-eyed cost-benefit analysis.

    The fact that female/male enrolment ratio in universities is ~1.4:1 is does not imply that women are ‘more educated’ if the ‘enrolment gap’ between females and males enrolment is smaller than the number of women studying some form of Grievance Studies. (Some men study grievances, but they’re a small proportion of all Grievance majors).

    Consider the over-representation of males in STEM grad schools (and in professional accreditations like CFA, CQF etc).

    The chart below is for the US from 2003-2014; ever helpful, I’ve highlighted some key non-bullshit disciplines in which makes dominate, and also some non-bullshit disciplines (mostly Chem-related) in which the ladies win.

    I’ve also helpfully put a nice big red line through Sociology and Psychology to show that they’re charlatanry.

    History, Literature, Music, Languages etc are worthy subjects of study – but when you get down to it, they’re really hobbies.

  14. Oh, and also (flogging the ‘more educated’ dead horse)…

    Assessing the relationship between field segregation and skills via various models, the authors found that 65 percent of disciplinary imbalances by gender are associated with math skills, as measured by GRE scores, which were lower on average for women. The association for verbal skills was just 19 percent.

    Regarding prestige segregation, the authors’ analysis suggests that men are overrepresented in programs in the top three deciles but especially in the top decile. Women’s representation, meanwhile, “increases toward the middle of the prestige distribution, reaching its peak among ranked programs in the 71-80th percentile bucket.”

    So all these ‘more educated’ women are in programs at institutions well below the median; it is not at all clear that spending more years at such an institution qualifies as being ‘more educated’ (especially if it’s in a bullshit discipline).

    NB: I am leaving the bullshit terms like “overrepresented” in situ. In reality, people study what they think is their best alternative – either because it has the highest expected return (including expected satisfaction from expertise), and most women understand that they are not wired for mathematics.

    When you find a woman who is wired for mathematics, she’s probably left-handed and bossy. I know quite a few, and they are all bossy kack-handers.

    • Replies: @Aryan Racist
    , @Anon
  15. @Kratoklastes

    I obtained a BA degree in Economics from Georgia State University in 1988. I had a female friend
    there at the time who majored in mathematics and graduated with a 4.0 average. That is impressive
    because math classes are harder than humanities classes. I heard she went on to get a PhD in operations research at Georgia Tech. I don’t know if she was left handed. I also know a woman at GSU who just obtained her PhD in astronomy. She has a BA in physics. So there are some women who
    excel at math.

    • Replies: @Passerby
  16. Anon[176] • Disclaimer says:

    Perhaps she doesn’t even find her husband particularly attractive. And maybe that leads to her eventually developing genuine homosexual feelings.

    Perhaps?!
    Husbands being selected for malleability as tools (ease of use), they are the least likely to be attractive to their wives. Their ease of use is attractive though — hence the nuptial trade.

  17. Anon[176] • Disclaimer says:

    Also: it’s a touch too objectionable to calculate on self-reports on such issues.
    Men are socially conditioned to repress any sexual instinct not aligning completely with heterosexuality.
    And so are women in non-Western, traditional societies. Which means that the gap in bisexual/lesbian women share between here and there may be due to social conditioning and repression, rather than socio-economic gender (forced) evenness fostering female homosexuality.

  18. Anon[176] • Disclaimer says:
    @Kratoklastes

    Welton is talking of education as it is relevant to social status (perceived social status, moreover).
    Not of education as things like depth of mind or, even, actual knowledgeableness. Those are beside the subject relevant here.

  19. Che Guava says:

    I am surprised at the poor quality of the article. It is including some points for thought, but women, and men, who have reached their thirties, it is not relevant.

    For women and men, never trust a bisexual, unless one yourself, they can inflict the greatest emotional damage.

  20. Passerby says:
    @Aryan Racist

    There are SOME indeed. He was not saying otherwise.

    However when you look at the statistical distribution you will see that women who can compete against men at Fields Medal level (or be world champions at chess, or earn a Turing prize) are almost completely non-existent.

    Everyone not mentally retarded, given sufficient time and dedication, can earn a PhD in maths. I know — I have one.

    • Replies: @Aryan Racist
  21. @Passerby

    I read that men are 12 times more likely than women to score 700 or higher on the math portion of
    the SAT. An Iranian woman was the first woman to win the Fields Medal for mathematics a few years ago. She died at the age of 40 in 2017. I am not sure I could earn a PhD in math though I scored
    780 on the GRE math section. Maybe I don’t have the time or the dedication that is involved.

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