There’s been some discussion in the previous thread over whether or not Russian religiosity has increased since the end of the USSR, when for obvious reasons people weren’t polled on these questions.
It’s quite obvious to me that religiosity has increased.
1. Personal observations: Church services in provincial Russia 15 years ago – almost all elderly woman; today – still mostly elderly woman, but now joined by elderly men, middle-aged women, some families.
2. More and more churches are getting built.
3. The rise of Russian religiosity has been observed in many sociological works. It is not exactly a controversial theory.
Still, I agree that we need hard numbers.
Fortunately, the World Values Survey does “waves” of opinion polls once every five years across a broad swathe of the world’s countries on all sorts of questions.
Here are Russia’s results in comparative perspective.
Belief in God
Percentage of Russians believing in God has more than doubled since the early 1990s.
Importance of God in your life (/10)
On average, Russians went from rating the importance of God from 4.0/10 to 6.7/10 from 1992 to 2012, an almost three point increase. In contrast, the United States – which has become markedly more secular in the past decade according to both my observations and opinion polls – only dropped by one point between 1992 and 2012 (though I suspect the fall has continued and maybe even accelerated since 2012).
In the longterm, I expect Russia’s figures to converge with Poland’s, which is to the contrary secularizing (and becoming more socially liberal).
Anyhow, I think we can consider this question answered.