Infant mortality in Russia/USSR (thick dark green line), 1900-2016 (via genby). Thin brown line at the bottom represents the US rate.
(Bottom most graph represents the US).
Six distinct periods:
- Slow improvement during late Tsarism and 1920s.
- Stagnation during 1930s.
- Rapid improvements from 1940-1965 as antibiotics, modern obstetrics, etc. introduced. Near convergence to US by mid-1960s.
- Stagnation during 1965-2000, including periods of extended increases during the 1970s (uniquely for an industrialized country outside wartime) and during the early 1990s (due to the economic collapse then).
- Rapid improvements under Putin, culminating in renewed convergence to developed country levels.