Of relevance to Russians, esp. those in the Near Abroad:
11. The general conditions for ensuring the security of the Russian Federation in the field of migration, the formation of which these proposals are generally aimed at, are:
а) granting the right to permanent residence in the Russian Federation and Russian citizenship, first of all, to persons who speak the Russian language and are close to us in mentality and culture;
б) flexible and convenient migration rules for the temporary stay in the Russian Federation of law-abiding foreign citizens;
в) the widespread introduction of modern digital technologies for the analysis of the migration situation, the organization of the provision of public services and the implementation of state control in the migration sphere.
In recent days, it was accompanied by a law that the Russian government prepared a law that eased citizenship acquisition for citizens of Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, and Kazakhstan, including a cancelation of the 5 year residency requirement and the requirement to demonstrate knowledge of the Russian language for citizens of Belarus and Ukraine. So who precisely these “persons who speak the Russian language and are close to us in mentality and culture” are is quite unambiguous in context.
в) to increase the flexibility of mechanisms for granting citizenship, including in order not to create (or to correct) situations in which the formally correct application of citizenship legislation is perceived as a manifestation of injustice and bureaucratic formalism by society, to empower the Commission on Citizenship under the President of the Russian Federation with the powers to consider the materials and, if necessary, to send to the President of the Russian Federation draft decisions regarding:
persons who are reprieved from missed deadline for filing applications;
persons who do not have evidence of Russian citizenship and are therefore in difficult life circumstances of a humanitarian nature (prolonged actual residence in the Russian Federation until the passport was seized, family relations in the Russian Federation, loss of connection with a foreign state, etc.)
And of relevance to Tajiks:
8. To attract foreign citizens, a legal entity and an individual entrepreneur must register in the state information system and place information on the need for foreign labor in it, within which, after a certain time, necessary for the selection by the employment service bodies of suitable subjects of the Russian Federation of workers from among Russian citizens, may hire any foreign citizen having a single document.
Individuals can also register in the state information system… to attract foreign citizens (nannies, nurses, repairmen, etc.). Registration makes it possible to access the official service for checking personal data and the migration status of a foreign citizen.
в) the realization of the possibility of transferring part of the migration procedures outside the Russian Federation, including the passage by foreign citizens of checks for the presence of factors that impede entry into the Russian Federation, including the presence of dangerous infectious diseases, biometric registration (provided that the relevant infrastructure is created in the territories of foreign states);
г) the introduction of the institution of “agreement on loyalty”. This is a mechanism in which foreign citizens officially enter into obligations to enter the territory of the Russian Federation, the violation of which may result in the declaration of undesirability of stay (residence) in the Russian Federation and the loss of their right to stay in the Russian Federation (compliance with the law, non-participation in political activities and in activities of organizations prohibited in the Russian Federation, etc.);
So, basically, hiring foreigners would only be allowed after a period during which no Russian citizens forwarded to it by a state agency expresses an interest in the vacancy. This system could probably be gamed, but it’s better than nothing.
In the large picture, this seems to be the continuation of a general right-wing populist trend that we can now retroactively date back to about 2018. Should this continue I see no reason for Putin to not stay past 2024.