Major new study from PEW on religion in 2020.
It is amazing to think that basically equivalent numbers of Russians and Poles connect morality to God, that would have seemed a very bizarre situation a couple of decades ago, when Russia was associated with pseudo-lesbian pop duo Tatu while Poles would make the cross when their bus passed a church. Now young Poles would look at people who do that as weirdos while I increasingly notice Orthodox fasting options in cafes and supermarkets so there appears to have been a convergence.
The Catholic Church in Poland was identified with nationalism, which in turn was fueled by its status as a resistance icon against perceived Russian overlordship. So it had no further reason to be held in such high esteem after those factors became inactual. I think much the same thing may be said to have happened in Ireland wrt the Brits, Dawkins et al. killed God there, then they were translated into Polish and repeated the process. Also the various scandals didn’t help. There are surely no HBD reasons for Poles to be more religious than Russians.
The state took an active role in foisting religious identity upon Russians under Putin so the trend was in the opposite direction. It may even be further reinforced due due to geopolitical hostilities with a deChristianized West and Russian perceptions that they are under assault from them.