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Leonard B. Schapiro Archives
Leonard B. Schapiro • 87 Items / 12 Books, 33 Articles, 42 Reviews
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  1. After Brezhnev
    The Limits of Prediction
    Survey, Winter 1982, pp. 169-178
  2. [+]
    Bukharin's Way (Review)
    Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution, by Stephen F. Cohen
    1. Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution by Stephen F. Cohen
    The New York Review of Books, February 7, 1974, pp. 3-6
  3. [+]
    The Case for Khrushchev (Review)
    Khrushchev: The Years in Power, by Roy A. Medvedev and Zhores A. Medvedev
    1. Khrushchev: The Years in Power by Roy A. Medvedev and Zhores A. Medvedev
    The New York Review of Books, April 28, 1983, p. 7
  4. Views & Reviews
    Collective Lack of Leadership
    Survey, Winter-Spring 1969, pp. 193-199
  5. Commentaries
    Totalitarian Traditions
    Problems of Communism, September 1966, pp. 22-23
  6. [+]
    Communist Myths (6 Reviews)
    The October Revolution, by Roy A. Medvedev
    1. The October Revolution by Roy A. Medvedev
    2. On Stalin and Stalinism by Roy A. Medvedev
    3. On Soviet Dissent by Roy Medvedev and Piero Ostellino
    4. Trotsky: Fate of a Revolutionary by Robert S. Wistrich
    5. Leon Trotsky: A Biography by Ronald Segal
    6. Trotsky by Ernest Mandel
    The New York Review of Books, April 17, 1980, pp. 15-17
  7. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1960)
    38 Chapters, 643pp - 7 Reviews, 3 Readable
  8. [+]
    Comparative Government and Politics (Review)
    The Origin of Forced Labor in the Soviet State, 1917-1921, by James Bunyan
    1. The Origin of Forced Labor in the Soviet State, 1917-1921 by James Bunyan
    American Political Science Review, March 1974, p. 296
  9. [+]
    Comparative Government and Politics (Review)
    Revolution and Politics in Russia, by Alexander Rabinowitch, Janet Rabinowitch, and Lad...
    1. Revolution and Politics in Russia by Alexander Rabinowitch, Janet Rabinowitch, and Ladis K.D. Kristof, ...
    American Political Science Review, September 1976, pp. 993-994
  10. Totalitarianism Reconsidered
    The Concept of Totalitarianism
    Survey, Autumn 1969, pp. 93-115
  11. [+]
    Disturbing, Fanatical, and Heroic (Review)
    The Gulag Archipelago, 1918-1956, by Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn
    1. The Gulag Archipelago, 1918-1956 by Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn
    The New York Review of Books, November 13, 1975, pp. 10-16
  12. Books & Arts
    [+]
    Eastern Avenue (Review)
    Russia: The People and the Power, by Robert G. Kaiser
    1. Russia: The People and the Power by Robert G. Kaiser
    The New Statesman, April 9, 1976, p. 471
  13. An Exchange on the Russian Revolution
    The New York Review of Books, June 9, 1977, pp. 46-47
  14. Books in Review
    [+]
    Fellow-Travelers' Tales (Review)
    Political Pilgrims, by Paul Hollander
    1. Political Pilgrims by Paul Hollander
    Commentary, December 1981, pp. 84-85
  15. [+]
    Fettered Finn (Review)
    Beria's Gardens, by Unto Parvilahti
    1. Beria's Gardens by Unto Parvilahti
    The Saturday Review, April 9, 1960, pp. 52-55
  16. From the Other Shore
    From Utopia Towards Realism
    Encounter, August 1962, pp. 88-91
  17. The Future of East-West Relations
    Survey, Summer/Autumn 1976, pp. 130-132
  18. [+]
    A Good Man (Review)
    Righteous Gentile, by John Bierman
    1. Righteous Gentile by John Bierman
    The New York Review of Books, November 5, 1981, pp. 3-7
  19. The Government and Politics of the Soviet Union (1965)
    3 Reviews, 1 Readable
  20. Has Russia Changed?
    Foreign Affairs, April 1960, pp. 391-401
  21. [+]
    Impernichol (Review)
    Nicholas I: Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, by W. Bruce Lincoln
    1. Nicholas I: Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias by W. Bruce Lincoln
    The New Statesman, July 7, 1978, p. 25
  22. [+]
    A Journey Into the Soviet Future (Review)
    Stalin's Successors, by Seweryn Bialer
    1. Stalin's Successors by Seweryn Bialer
    The New York Review of Books, October 9, 1980, pp. 11-13
  23. Views and Reviews
    [+]
    Judge in a Communist State (Review)
    The Judge in a Communist State, by Otto Ulc
    1. The Judge in a Communist State by Otto Ulc
    Survey, Winter 1973, pp. 211-212
  24. Judicial Practice and Legal Reform
    Survey, July 1959, pp. 54-60
  25. The 24th CPSU Congress
    Keynote---Compromise
    Problems of Communism, July 1971, pp. 2-8
  26. [+]
    Khrushchev Forgets (Review)
    Khrushchev Remembers: The Last Testament, by Nikita S. Khrushchev, Edward Crankshaw, an...
    1. Khrushchev Remembers: The Last Testament by Nikita S. Khrushchev, Edward Crankshaw, and Strobe Talbott, ...
    The New York Review of Books, August 8, 1974, pp. 3-5
  27. [+]
    Learning from the Russians (4 Reviews)
    Pobedonostsevz: His Life and Thought, by Robert F. Byrnes
    1. Pobedonostsevz: His Life and Thought by Robert F. Byrnes
    2. The Extraordinary Decade by Arthur P. Mendel, P. Annekov, and Irwin Titunik
    3. My Past and Thoughts by Alexander Herzen
    4. The Controversy over Capitalism by Andrzej Walicki
    Encounter, October 1969, pp. 63-69
  28. The Legal & The Arbitrary
    Encounter, June 1966, pp. 45-48
  29. [+]
    Lenin and 1917 (Review)
    Lenin and the Russian Revolution, by Harold Shukman
    1. Lenin and the Russian Revolution by Harold Shukman
    Survey, April 1968, pp. 142-144
  30. Lenin: The Man, the Theorist, the Leader (1967)
    A Reappraisal
    5 Reviews, 1 Readable
  31. Notes & Topics
    Lenin's Heritage
    Encounter, July 1970, pp. 57-58
  32. Letters
    The New York Review of Books, May 2, 1974, pp. 42-48
  33. Letters
    The New York Review of Books, January 22, 1976, pp. 50-51
  34. Letters
    The New York Review of Books, October 9, 1980, pp. 44-48
  35. Letters
    The New York Review of Books, October 23, 1980, pp. 53-56
  36. Letters
    The New York Review of Books, October 13, 1983, pp. 45-48
  37. [+]
    Little-Known Lenin (2 Reviews)
    The Russian Revolution of February 1917, by Marc Ferro
    1. The Russian Revolution of February 1917 by Marc Ferro
    2. Bride of the Revolution by Robert H. McNeal
    Encounter, April 1973, pp. 74-76
  38. Max Hayward (1924-1979)
    The New York Review of Books, July 19, 1979, pp. 10-11
  39. Notes and Views
    A New History---A New Mythology
    Problems of Communism, January 1960, pp. 58-60
  40. The Origin of the Communist Autocracy (1955)
    Political Opposition in the Soviet State--First Phase, 1917-1922.
    10 Reviews, 4 Readable
  41. The Party and the State
    Survey, October 1961, pp. 111-116
  42. The Party's New Rules
    Problems of Communism, January 1962, pp. 28-35
  43. [+]
    The Polish Revolution (2 Reviews)
    The Polish August, by Neal Ascherson
    1. The Polish August by Neal Ascherson
    2. Poland Today: The State of the Republic by Michel Vale
    The New York Review of Books, February 4, 1982, pp. 3-5
  44. Law and Legality in the USSR: Introduction
    Prospects for the Rule of Law
    Problems of Communism, March 1965, pp. 2-7
  45. Rationalism and Nationalism in Russian Nineteen... (1967)
    4 Reviews, 1 Readable
  46. The Real Stalin
    Survey, Summer 1977, pp. 131-133
  47. [+]
    Recent Studies in Russian Political Thought (8 Reviews)
    The Russian Empire, 1801-1917, by Hugh Seton-Watson
    1. The Russian Empire, 1801-1917 by Hugh Seton-Watson
    2. Russian Intellectual History by Marc Raeff
    3. Russian Philosophy by James M. Edie, James P. Scanlan, and Mary Barbara Zeldin, ...
    4. Historical Letters by Peter L. Lavrov
    5. The Russian Anarchists by Paul Avrich
    6. Danilevsky: A Russian Totalitarian Philosopher by Robert E. MacMaster
    7. Russian Political Thought: An Introduction by Thornton Anderson
    8. The Icon and the Axe by James Billington
    The New York Review of Books, December 5, 1968, pp. 25-29
  48. [+]
    Red Tape (Review)
    The USSR vs. Dr. Mikhail Stern, by August Stern
    1. The USSR vs. Dr. Mikhail Stern by August Stern
    The New Statesman, March 17, 1978, pp. 364-365
  49. Notes & Topics
    Reflections After Kerensky
    Encounter, October 1970, pp. 42-45
  50. [+]
    Remaining Human (Review)
    Within the Whirlwind, by Eugenia Ginzburg
    1. Within the Whirlwind by Eugenia Ginzburg
    Commentary, October 1981, pp. 86-90
  51. Memoir
    Remembering Max Hayward
    Encounter, March 1980, pp. 86-91
  52. [+]
    Reviews (Review)
    The Agrarian Foes of Bolshevism, by Oliver H. Radkey
    1. The Agrarian Foes of Bolshevism by Oliver H. Radkey
    Political Science Quarterly, June 1959, p. 299
  53. [+]
    Reviews (Review)
    The Prophet Unarmed: Trotsky, 1921-1929, by Isaac Deutscher
    1. The Prophet Unarmed: Trotsky, 1921-1929 by Isaac Deutscher
    Political Science Quarterly, September 1960, pp. 429-430
  54. [+]
    Reviews (Review)
    The Transformation of Russian Society, by Cyril E. Black
    1. The Transformation of Russian Society by Cyril E. Black
    Political Science Quarterly, September 1961, pp. 421-422
  55. [+]
    Reviews (2 Reviews)
    Stalin's Foreign Policy Reappraised, by Marshall D. Shulman
    1. Stalin's Foreign Policy Reappraised by Marshall D. Shulman
    2. The Soviet Union at the United Nations by Alexander Dallin
    Political Science Quarterly, September 1964, pp. 455-456
  56. [+]
    Rewriting the Russian Rules (Review)
    How the Soviet Union Is Governed, by Jerry F. Hough and Merle Fainsod
    1. How the Soviet Union Is Governed by Jerry F. Hough and Merle Fainsod
    The New York Review of Books, July 19, 1979, pp. 8-9
  57. Book Excerpt
    [+]
    The Road to Stalinism (Review)
    From The Origin of the Communist Autocracy
    1. The Origin of the Communist Autocracy by Leonard Schapiro
    Problems of Communism, November 1955, pp. 34-37
  58. [+]
    Russia: The Pursuit of the Extreme (Review)
    The Shadow of the Winter Palace, by Edward Crankshaw
    1. The Shadow of the Winter Palace by Edward Crankshaw
    The New York Review of Books, November 25, 1976, pp. 15-16
  59. [+]
    Russian Censorship, Then & Now (Review)
    Fighting Words, by Charles A. Ruud
    1. Fighting Words by Charles A. Ruud
    Encounter, March 1983, pp. 85-87
  60. The Russian Revolutions of 1917 (1984)
    The Origins of Modern Communism
    3 Reviews
  61. Russian Studies (1987)
    5 Reviews, 1 Readable
  62. [+]
    The Russian Way (Review)
    The Punished Peoples, by Aleksandr M. Nekrich
    1. The Punished Peoples by Aleksandr M. Nekrich
    The New York Review of Books, August 17, 1978, p. 37
  63. [+]
    Scaffolding of Lies (Review)
    The Rise of the Gulag, by Alain Besancon
    1. The Rise of the Gulag by Alain Besancon
    The New York Review of Books, September 24, 1981, pp. 31-32
  64. [+]
    A Shameful Story (Review)
    The Secret Betrayal, 1944-47, by Nikolai Tolstoy
    1. The Secret Betrayal, 1944-47 by Nikolai Tolstoy
    The New York Review of Books, December 7, 1978, pp. 3-5
  65. Books
    [+]
    Solzhenitsyn's Lenin (Review)
    Lenin in Zurich, by Alexander Solzhenitsyn
    1. Lenin in Zurich by Alexander Solzhenitsyn
    The Partisan Review, Spring 1978, pp. 311-312
  66. The Soviet Dream of Africa
    Encounter, February 1965, pp. 49-52
  67. [+]
    Soviet Heroes (Review)
    Soviet Dissidents, by Joshua Rubenstein
    1. Soviet Dissidents by Joshua Rubenstein
    The New York Review of Books, December 18, 1980, p. 41
  68. [+]
    Soviet Heroes (2 Reviews)
    Ease My Sorrows, by Lev Kopelev
    1. Ease My Sorrows by Lev Kopelev
    2. Memoirs by Petro G. Grigorenko
    The New York Review of Books, October 13, 1983, pp. 9-10
  69. [+]
    The Soviet Jews (2 Reviews)
    The Soviet Cage, by William Korey
    1. The Soviet Cage by William Korey
    2. Jewish Nationality and Soviet Politics by Zvi Y. Gitelman
    The New York Review of Books, July 19, 1973, pp. 3-4
  70. Soviet Treaty Series (1951)
    A Collection of Bilateral Treaties, Agreements and Conventions
    2 Reviews
  71. The Soviet Union and the PLO
    Survey, Summer 1977, pp. 193-207
  72. The Soviet Worker (1981)
    From Lenin to Andropov
    2 Reviews, 1 Readable
  73. Totalitarianism (1972)
    2 Reviews, 1 Readable
  74. Discussion
    Toward a "Communist Welfare State"?
    A Matter of Definition
    Problems of Communism, May 1960, p. 44
  75. Chronicle
    The Triumph of Lenin & Stalin
    Encounter, March 1984, pp. 63-70
  76. [+]
    Turgenev, Weak & Strong (Review)
    Turgenev's Letters, by A.V. Knowles and Ivan Turgenev
    1. Turgenev's Letters by A.V. Knowles and Ivan Turgenev
    Encounter, February 1984, pp. 47-49
  77. Turgenev: His Life and Times (1979)
    4 Reviews
  78. The Twenty-third CPSU Congress
    Survey, July 1966, pp. 72-84
  79. [+]
    Two Cheers for Leskov (Review)
    Nikolai Leskov: The Man and His Art, by Hugh McLean
    1. Nikolai Leskov: The Man and His Art by Hugh McLean
    The New York Review of Books, April 20, 1978, pp. 32-34
  80. [+]
    Two Years That Shook the World (5 Reviews)
    The Bolsheviks Come to Power, by Alexander Rabinowitch
    1. The Bolsheviks Come to Power by Alexander Rabinowitch
    2. The Russian Revolution by John L.H. Keep
    3. Class Struggles in the USSR by Charles Bettelheim
    4. The File on the Tsar by Anthony Summers and Tom Mangold
    5. The Secret Police in Lenin's Russia by Lennard D. Gerson
    The New York Review of Books, March 31, 1977, pp. 3-5
  81. The U.S.S.R. and the Future (1963)
    An Analysis of the New Program of the CPSU
    5 Reviews, 1 Readable
  82. [+]
    Under the Volcano (4 Reviews)
    Stalin's Secret War, by Nikolai Tolstoy
    1. Stalin's Secret War by Nikolai Tolstoy
    2. Confiscated Power by Helene Carrere d'Encausse
    3. USSR: The Corrupt Society by Konstantin M. Simis
    4. Notes of a Revolutionary by Andrei Amalrik
    The New York Review of Books, January 20, 1983, pp. 3-5
  83. [+]
    Unwelcome witness (Review)
    Out of the Past, by Alexandra Tolstoy, Katharine Strelsky, and Catherine A. Wolkonsky, ...
    1. Out of the Past by Alexandra Tolstoy, Katharine Strelsky, and Catherine A. Wolkonsky, ...
    Inquiry, March 29, 1982, pp. 32-33
  84. Was Lenin Necessary?
    Commentary, December 1964, pp. 57-62
  85. [+]
    What Is Fascism? (3 Reviews)
    The Nature of Fascism, by Stuart Joseph Woolf
    1. The Nature of Fascism by Stuart Joseph Woolf
    2. The History of the Nazi Party, 1919-1933 by Dietrich Orlow
    3. The Limits of Hitler's Power by Edward N. Peterson
    The New York Review of Books, February 12, 1970, pp. 13-14
  86. No Items Found