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A Collection of Interesting, Important, and Controversial Perspectives Largely Excluded from the American Mainstream Media
Michael A. Ledeen Archives
Michael A. Ledeen • 171 Items / 11 Books, 143 Articles, 17 Reviews
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  1. Africa Goes South
    Sub-Saharan Africa remains mired in poverty, corruption, and disease-and its condition ...
    The American Spectator, April 1995, pp. 30-33
  2. Books in Review
    [+]
    The Agency (Review)
    The Man Who Kept the Secrets, by Thomas Powers
    1. The Man Who Kept the Secrets by Thomas Powers
    Commentary, January 1980, pp. 84-87
  3. Aldo Moro's Legacy
    The New Republic, May 13, 1978, pp. 24-25
  4. American Power---For What?
    Commentary, January 2000, p. 36
  5. The Beginning of the Beginning
    For all we know, Gorbachev is the Pope's agent busily dismantling the Soviet Empire. Th...
    The American Spectator, February 1990, pp. 14-16
  6. Blind World Leadership
    U.S. foreign policy in a nutcase.
    The American Spectator, June 2000, pp. 36-39
  7. The Bulgarian Connection and the Media
    Commentary, June 1983, pp. 45-50
  8. Capital Scene
    ...Or Should He Go?
    National Review, July 20, 1998, p. 21
  9. [+]
    The Carter Presidency (2 Reviews)
    Keeping Faith, by Jimmy Carter
    1. Keeping Faith by Jimmy Carter
    2. Crisis by Hamilton Jordan
    Commentary, March 1983, pp. 77-78
  10. [+]
    Challenge to the New Order (Review)
    The Inequality of Nations, by Robert W. Tucker
    1. The Inequality of Nations by Robert W. Tucker
    Commentary, August 1977, p. 74
  11. Col. Qaddafi, Italian Capitalist
    The New Republic, December 25, 1976, pp. 11-14
  12. Features
    The Collapse of Clinton Foreign Policy
    Call it Clinton's New World Disorder. From China and Russia to Iraq and India and Pakis...
    The American Spectator, July 1998, pp. 22-27
  13. Common Sense 1992
    Wordwide, the people are saying no to Big Government in a revolution that remains leade...
    The American Spectator, June 1992, pp. 23-26
  14. [+]
    Conspiracy Theory (Review)
    October Surprise, by Gary Sick
    1. October Surprise by Gary Sick
    Commentary, June 1992, pp. 63-66
  15. Craxi's Moxie
    The New Republic, September 5, 1983, p. 10
  16. Books in Review
    [+]
    Crisis of the West (Review)
    In Defense of Decadent Europe, by Raymond Aron
    1. In Defense of Decadent Europe by Raymond Aron
    Commentary, September 1979, pp. 82-83
  17. The Curious Case of Chemical Warfare
    Commentary, July 1989, pp. 37-41
  18. Debacle: The American Failure in Iran (1981)
    6 Reviews, 1 Readable
  19. Features
    Decontrol Freaks
    The Bush and Clinton administration's unprecedented giveaway of secret military technol...
    The American Spectator, June 1994, pp. 20-23
  20. Eminentoes/Our Man in Moscow
    The American Spectator, August 1986, pp. 29-30
  21. Eurocommunists Exposed
    The New Republic, March 26, 1977, pp. 13-15
  22. Europe Breaks Apart
    Commentary, May 1977, pp. 53-57
  23. Europe Loses Its Mind
    After Centuries of Cerebral Pioneering, Europe Has Lost Its Intellectual Energy and Spa...
    The American Enterprise, December 2002, pp. 40-41
  24. Europe---The Good News and the Bad
    Commentary, April 1979, pp. 53-56
  25. Europe's Future
    The New Republic, July 2, 1977, p. 8
  26. Europe's New Conservatism
    The New Republic, November 13, 1976, pp. 15-17
  27. Europe's Sickest Man
    The New Republic, February 12, 1977, pp. 8-10
  28. Eurosocialism?
    The New Republic, October 8, 1977, p. 25
  29. The Fellini Spectator
    A Man of the Right
    The American Spectator, January 1994, pp. 74-76
  30. Fighting Back
    Commentary, August 1985, pp. 28-31
  31. The First Duce: D'Annunzio at Fiume (1977)
    5 Reviews
  32. The Fourth Estate
    An Italian Inquisition
    The Harpers Monthly, September 1977, pp. 99-101
  33. The Fourth Estate
    The Intelligence market
    The Harpers Monthly, January 1979, pp. 91-96
  34. Freedom Betrayed (1996)
    How America Led a Global Democratic Revolution, Won the Cold War, and Walked ...
    4 Reviews, 2 Readable
  35. The Future of Foreign Policy
    It will depend on whether we support democratic revolution
    The American Spectator, June 1987, pp. 22-26
  36. Books in Review
    [+]
    "Getting" Kissinger (Review)
    The Price of Power, by Seymour M. Hersh
    1. The Price of Power by Seymour M. Hersh
    Commentary, September 1983, pp. 76-78
  37. God Is on Our Side
    How else to explain the blunders of Gorby, Saddam & Co. that keep saving us from the co...
    The American Spectator, April 1991, pp. 12-13
  38. A GOP Contract With the World
    The Weekly Standard, May 13, 1996, pp. 24-26
  39. Grave New World (1985)
    The Superpower Crisis of the 1980s
    6 Reviews, 1 Readable
  40. Gun-Shy
    The American Spectator, February 1992, pp. 32-35
  41. [+]
    To Have & Have Not (Review)
    The Vast Majority, by Michael Harrington
    1. The Vast Majority by Michael Harrington
    Commentary, March 1978, pp. 86-90
  42. Hiss, Oswald, the KGB, and Us
    Commentary, May 1978, pp. 30-36
  43. How the Russian-Chinese War Will Be Fought
    New York Magazine, June 19, 1978, pp. 51-53
  44. How to Support the Democratic Revolution
    Commentary, March 1985, pp. 43-46
  45. I Won't Be Home for Christmas
    The author was spending his Christmas Eve thousands of miles away in a foreign land, sc...
    The American Spectator, December 1995, pp. 25-29
  46. Improvisations on a Theme by Henry Kissinger
    The Harpers Monthly, April 1978, pp. 15-17
  47. Inertia in Italy
    The New Republic, July 31, 1976, pp. 14-16
  48. Books in Review
    [+]
    Inside Out (Review)
    Veil, by Bob Woodward
    1. Veil by Bob Woodward
    Commentary, December 1987, pp. 65-68
  49. The International Pulse
    A Stern Gang
    The American Spectator, May 1992, pp. 53-55
  50. An Interview
    The New Republic, February 7, 1981, pp. 18-20
  51. Iran without Khomeini
    We are consoled during the official period of mourning by the knowledge that opportunit...
    The American Spectator, August 1989, pp. 12-13
  52. Iraq's German Connection
    Commentary, April 1991, pp. 27-30
  53. Italian Communism at Home and Abroad
    The Soviet Connection
    Commentary, November 1976, pp. 51-54
  54. Italy Awaits Caesar
    The New Republic, January 7, 1978, pp. 16-17
  55. Italy in Crisis (1977)
    1 Review, 1 Readable
  56. Italy's Great Purge
    The Biggest Bribery Scandal This Century Has Blown the Italian Political Class to Piece...
    The American Spectator, October 1993, pp. 27-32
  57. Italy's Russian Sugar Daddies
    The New Republic, April 3, 1976, pp. 16-21
  58. K.G.B. Connections
    The New Republic, February 28, 1983, pp. 9-10
  59. [+]
    The KGB (3 Reviews)
    Chekisty: A History of the KGB, by John J. Dziak
    1. Chekisty: A History of the KGB by John J. Dziak
    2. On the Wrong Side by Stanislav Levchenko
    3. Secret Servant by Ilya Dzhirkvelov
    Commentary, October 1988, p. 67
  60. Kremin Cracks the Whip
    The New Republic, August 6, 1977, pp. 22-25
  61. Last Chance for Iraq?
    National Review, September 11, 2006, p. 29
  62. Features
    Lawrence Walsh, Grand Inquisitor
    The Iran-contra Special Prosecutor has padded expenses, played fast and loose with his ...
    The American Spectator, March 1993, pp. 18-24
  63. Media Report
    Learning to Say "No" to the Press
    The Public Interest, Fall 1983, pp. 113-118
  64. Leftist Liars and Ideological Suicide
    World events since 1980 differ so widely from what leftist rhetoric would have predicte...
    The American Spectator, October 1991, pp. 16-17
  65. Articles
    The Lesson of Lebanon
    Commentary, May 1984, pp. 15-22
  66. Letters
    Commentary, March 1977, pp. 4-32
  67. Letters
    Commentary, November 1977, pp. 4-20
  68. Letters
    Commentary, August 1978, pp. 4-16
  69. Letters
    Commentary, February 1978, pp. 6-28
  70. Letters
    Commentary, February 1984, pp. 4-16
  71. Letters
    Commentary, September 1984, pp. 2-12
  72. Letters
    Commentary, September 1991, pp. 2-18
  73. Letters
    The New York Review of Books, April 27, 1989, pp. 58-64
  74. Machiavelli on Modern Leadership (1999)
    Why Machiavelli's Iron Rules Are As Timely and Important Today As Five Centur...
    3 Reviews, 1 Readable
  75. Meese Mess
    The New Republic, August 27, 1984, p. 16
  76. A Mole in Our Midst?
    New York Magazine, October 2, 1978, pp. 55-57
  77. Mr. Gorbachev's Bizarreries
    As the flails away at Lithuanians and others who desire freedom, the visionless and wea...
    The American Spectator, June 1990, pp. 12-15
  78. The Nation's Pulse
    Busting the Bureaucracy
    The American Spectator, October 1992, pp. 41-42
  79. The Nation's Pulse
    Walsh vs. Starr
    The American Spectator, April 1998, pp. 64-65
  80. The Never-Ending War
    The American Spectator, July 2002, p. 72
  81. The New Cold War Revisionism
    As new information is resolving old controversies, the New York Times reverts to its ol...
    The American Spectator, June 1995, pp. 28-33
  82. Newfront
    The National Interest, Winter 1985, pp. 121-124
  83. Newsfront
    The National Interest, Spring 1986, pp. 104-107
  84. No Tyrants Allowed
    The Weekly Standard, February 24, 1997, pp. 28-30
  85. The Objective Situation
    The New Republic, July 29, 1978, pp. 12-13
  86. On the Scene
    National Review, August 12, 1996, pp. 30-32
  87. Book Reviews
    [+]
    Opening Arguments (Review)
    Opening Arguments, by Jeffrey Toobin
    1. Opening Arguments by Jeffrey Toobin
    The American Spectator, May 1991, p. 44
  88. Operation Desert Shame
    As President bush has learned to his chagrin, Realpolitik can justify short-term tactic...
    The American Spectator, June 1991, pp. 12-13
  89. Perilous Statecraft (1988)
    An Insider's Account of the Iran-Contra Affair
    5 Reviews, 1 Readable
  90. The President's Bay of Pigs
    The Weekly Standard, October 7, 1996, pp. 29-31
  91. Presswatch
    On Afghanistan, the American press performed with its usual superficiality and love of ...
    The American Spectator, March 1980, pp. 23-25
  92. Departments
    Presswatch
    Boycott the Times
    The American Spectator, February 1981, p. 22
  93. Departments
    Presswatch
    I'll Be Lying at State
    The American Spectator, July 1981, p. 20
  94. Departments
    Presswatch
    J.C. Superstar
    The American Spectator, June 1981, pp. 21-23
  95. Presswatch
    Throwaway Countries in Throwaway Times
    The American Spectator, March 1981, pp. 26-27
  96. Presswatch
    Deadly Reminders
    The American Spectator, April 1988, pp. 32-33
  97. Presswatch
    Mysteries and Oversights
    The American Spectator, August 1988, pp. 39-40
  98. Presswatch
    Screamers
    The American Spectator, December 1988, pp. 40-41
  99. Presswatch
    When the Soviets Come to Washington
    The American Spectator, February 1988, pp. 31-32
  100. Presswatch
    Self-Deceptions
    The American Spectator, January 1988, pp. 33-34
  101. Presswatch
    Weasel Words and Deeds
    The American Spectator, July 1988, pp. 33-34
  102. Presswatch
    Treason and Accountability
    The American Spectator, June 1988, pp. 33-34
  103. Presswatch
    Double Standards
    The American Spectator, March 1988, pp. 24-25
  104. Presswatch
    A Shrinking World
    The American Spectator, November 1988, p. 41
  105. Presswatch
    The New McCarthyism
    The American Spectator, October 1988, pp. 34-35
  106. Presswatch
    Silly Seasonings
    The American Spectator, September 1988, p. 30
  107. Presswatch
    Parting Shots
    The American Spectator, January 1989, p. 32
  108. Presswatch/A Selective Bunch
    The American Spectator, April 1987, pp. 32-33
  109. Presswatch/Billy Lie
    The American Spectator, December 1980, pp. 30-31
  110. Presswatch/Bums
    The American Spectator, September 1986, pp. 29-30
  111. Presswatch/Crashing Boars
    The American Spectator, March 1987, pp. 30-31
  112. Presswatch/Distortions, Omissions, Lies
    The American Spectator, November 1987, pp. 31-32
  113. Presswatch/Exposing a Disaster
    The American Spectator, July 1987, pp. 27-28
  114. Departments
    Presswatch/Getting It Straight
    The American Spectator, February 1987, p. 30
  115. Presswatch/Heroes and Objects
    The American Spectator, January 1987, p. 28
  116. Presswatch/Hot Times on the Potomac
    The American Spectator, October 1987, pp. 35-37
  117. Departments
    Presswatch/Is There Intelligence at the Times?
    The American Spectator, May 1980, p. 22
  118. Departments
    Presswatch/Keeping Disinformed
    The American Spectator, September 1980, p. 26
  119. Presswatch/Pelton and the Post
    The American Spectator, August 1986, p. 31
  120. Presswatch/Sid's Seizures
    The American Spectator, November 1986, pp. 30-33
  121. Presswatch/Silly Season
    The American Spectator, October 1986, pp. 31-32
  122. Presswatch/Spikes and Inouyendoes
    The American Spectator, September 1987, pp. 30-31
  123. Presswatch/Sunni Days
    The American Spectator, November 1980, pp. 31-32
  124. Presswatch/The Shame of It
    The American Spectator, May 1987, pp. 31-32
  125. Presswatch/Top Secrets
    The American Spectator, August 1987, pp. 32-33
  126. Presswatch/Where News Is Made
    The American Spectator, April 1980, pp. 24-25
  127. Presswatch/Woodward Disinforms
    The American Spectator, December 1986, pp. 32-33
  128. The Public Policy
    Intelligence, Anyone?
    The American Spectator, January 1995, pp. 56-57
  129. [+]
    The Pundit (Review)
    Longitudes and Attitudes, by Thomas L. Friedman
    1. Longitudes and Attitudes by Thomas L. Friedman
    Commentary, March 2003, pp. 80-81
  130. Qaddafi, Arafat, and Billy Carter
    The New Republic, November 1, 1980, pp. 19-20
  131. Reagan's African Ally
    The New Republic, January 17, 1981, pp. 14-15
  132. The Real Bobby Knight
    The Public Relations Campaign Against Star Basketball Coach Bobby Knight Grows out of a...
    The American Enterprise, October 2002, pp. 24-27
  133. [+]
    Red Horizons (Review)
    Red Horizons, by Ion Mihai Pacepa
    1. Red Horizons by Ion Mihai Pacepa
    The American Spectator, April 1988, p. 47
  134. Rewriting the Iran-Contra Story
    An Exchange
    The New York Review of Books, March 2, 1989, pp. 38-39
  135. Scandal File
    Clinton the Chin
    National Review, April 6, 1998, p. 22
  136. The Second Democratic Revolution
    Cold War or no Cold War, the worldwide movement toward democracy will be reversed if th...
    The American Spectator, October 1990, pp. 19-20
  137. Secrets
    The National Interest, Winter 1987, pp. 48-55
  138. Selling Russia the Rope
    The New Republic, December 13, 1980, pp. 13-16
  139. [+]
    Sounding Retreat (Review)
    Primacy or World Order, by Stanley Hoffmann
    1. Primacy or World Order by Stanley Hoffmann
    Commentary, November 1978, pp. 93-98
  140. Spain's Miracle
    The New Republic, October 28, 1978, p. 9
  141. Spectator's Journal
    Endgame: Pressuring Gorbo
    The American Spectator, May 1989, pp. 29-30
  142. Departments
    Spectator's Journal
    Casey's Final Mission
    The American Spectator, November 1991, pp. 27-28
  143. Spectator's Journal
    Europa! Oy, Europa!
    The American Spectator, February 1993, pp. 44-46
  144. Spectator's Journal
    Heading South
    The American Spectator, May 1993, pp. 50-51
  145. Spectator's Journal
    Neo-Italy
    The American Spectator, August 1994, pp. 54-55
  146. Spectator's Journal
    The Big Botch
    The American Spectator, July 1994, pp. 46-49
  147. Springtime for Chi
    The Weekly Standard, December 16, 1996, p. 12
  148. Standing Accused
    The New Republic, February 28, 1976, pp. 7-8
  149. The Suave Gorbachev Wears No Clothes
    Gorbo's New York speech was an admission of failure, an appeal to creditors for more mo...
    The American Spectator, February 1989, pp. 16-17
  150. The Temple Mount Plot
    The New Republic, June 18, 1984, pp. 20-23
  151. The Terrorism Spectator
    Striking Out
    The American Spectator, October 1998, pp. 56-57
  152. Terrorism/A New Sense of Professionalism
    The American Spectator, December 1987, pp. 72-73
  153. [+]
    That Fabulous Baker Boy (Review)
    The Politics of Diplomacy, by James A. Baker III and Thomas M. DeFrank
    1. The Politics of Diplomacy by James A. Baker III and Thomas M. DeFrank
    National Review, February 26, 1996, pp. 60-61
  154. Tocqueville on American Character (2000)
    Why Tocqueville's Brilliant Exploration of the American Spirit Is as Vital an...
    1 Review
  155. Features
    The Trade Weapon, and Other Myths
    Whenever the U.S. has a problem with another country it likes to impose trade sanctions...
    The American Spectator, February 1998, pp. 22-27
  156. Trumping Asian Allies
    The Harpers Monthly, March 1979, pp. 28-32
  157. [+]
    The U.S. & the Middle East (2 Reviews)
    The Politics of Defeat, by Joseph Churba
    1. The Politics of Defeat by Joseph Churba
    2. Honor the Promise by Robert F. Drinan
    Commentary, January 1978, pp. 73-75
  158. Book Reviews
    [+]
    Undue Process (Review)
    Undue Process, by Elliott Abrams
    1. Undue Process by Elliott Abrams
    The American Spectator, November 1992, pp. 66-68
  159. Universal Fascism (1972)
    The Theory and Practice of the Fascist International, 1928-1936
    1 Review
  160. Observations
    The Unknown Catacombs
    Commentary, September 1977, pp. 64-66
  161. Visions of Hobnails
    The New Republic, November 19, 1977, pp. 17-18
  162. The War Against the Terror Masters (2002)
    Why It Happened. Where We Are Now. How We'll Win.
    4 Reviews, 1 Readable
  163. We Are Number One
    America's performance in the Gulf war charts the outlines of a one-superpower world. As...
    The American Spectator, March 1991, pp. 12-13
  164. We Have Met the Enemy
    The Weekly Standard, October 26, 2009, pp. 16-17
  165. We'll Win This War
    The United States Is Very Good at Fighting Revolutions. We Need to Press for One Now.
    The American Enterprise, December 2001, pp. 22-25
  166. What Men Think About Modern Manhood
    TAE and FrontPagemag.com joined forces to conduct and on-line symposium about men today...
    The American Enterprise, September 2003, pp. 24-27
  167. The White House Joins the Teamsters
    Ties between a corrupt labor union and a corrupt presidential administration suggest a ...
    The American Spectator, November 1998, pp. 38-43
  168. [+]
    Words and Deeds (2 Reviews)
    Morality, Reason, and Power, by Gaddis Smith
    1. Morality, Reason, and Power by Gaddis Smith
    2. The Uncertain Crusade by Joshua Muravchik
    Commentary, August 1986, pp. 62-66
  169. Worm's Eye View: Marxist Follies
    Backstage with the New Jewel Movement
    The Harpers Monthly, February 1984, pp. 24-29
  170. No Items Found