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Ethnic Cleansing Was Built Into Zionism
Benny Morris: History By Subtraction, Part 2
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The conclusion of Righteous Victims, Benny Morris’s sweeping “history of the Zionist-Arab conflict,” opened with a quote from Zionist leader (and Israel’s future first prime minister) David Ben-Gurion. The “conflict”with the Arabs, Ben-Gurion said in 1938, “is in its essence a political one. And politically we are the aggressors and they defend themselves.” Morris then observed: “Ben-Gurion, of course, was right. Zionism was a colonizing and expansionist ideology and movement. . . . Zionist ideology and practice were necessarily and elementally expansionist.” Insofar as “from the start its aim was to turn all of Palestine . . . into a Jewish state,” he went on to elaborate, Zionism could not but be “intent on . . . dispossessing and supplanting the Arabs.” Or, as Morris formulated it earlier on in his book, “Jewish colonization meant expropriation and displacement” of the indigenous population.[1]Benny Morris, Righteous Victims: A history of the Zionist-Arab conflict, 1881-2001 (New York: 2001), pp. 652-54, 61. These consequences of Zionism, and the Arab resistance they inexorably generated, would figure as signature themes in Morris’s scholarly corpus.

A fundamental challenge for Zionism was how to create a Jewish state, which meant minimally a state whose population was overwhelmingly Jewish, in an area whose population was overwhelmingly not Jewish. One novelty of Morris’s original scholarship was to point up the centrality of “transfer”—a euphemism, as Revisionist Zionist leader Zeev Jabotinsky put it, for “brutal expulsion”[2]Shabtai Teveth, The Evolution of “Transfer” in Zionist Thinking (Tel Aviv: 1989), p. 17.—to resolving this dilemma. Insofar as orthodox Israeli historians had treated it, they consigned the idea of transfer to a footnote, downplaying it as incidental to the Zionist enterprise.Thus, Shabtai Teveth purported that the Zionist movement only “here and there” and “briefly” contemplated transfer, while, according to Anita Shapira, the Zionist movement conceived transfer merely as a “good thing”that it could just as well “do without.”[3]Ibid., pp. 2, 6. Anita Shapira, Land and Power: The Zionist resort to force, 1881-1948
(Oxford: 1992), pp. 285-86.
But Morris contended in his groundbreaking study, Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, that, on the contrary, from the mid-1930′s “the idea of transferring the Arabs out . . . was seen as the chief means of assuring the stability of the ‘Jewishness’ of the proposed Jewish State,”[4]Benny Morris, The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947-1949 (Cambridge: 1987), p. 25. while in Righteous Victims he wrote that “the transfer idea . . . was one of the main currents in Zionist ideology from the movement’s inception.”[5]Morris, Righteous Victims, p. 139. In another seminal essay, Morris documented that “thinking about the transfer of all or part of Palestine’s Arabs out of the prospective Jewish state was pervasive among Zionist leadership circles long before 1937.”[6]Benny Morris, “Revisiting the Palestinian Exodus of 1948,” in Eugene L. Rogan and Avi Shlaim, eds.,The War for Palestine: Rewriting the history of 1948 (Cambridge: 2001), p. 40. The British proposed in 1937, and the Zionists seconded, transfer alongside partition to resolve the Palestine conflict.In a greatly expanded version of Birth,[7]Benny Morris, The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited (Cambridge:
2004).
Morris gave over fully 25 densely argued pages to documenting the depth and breadth of “the idea of ‘transfer’in Zionist thinking.” His conclusion merits full quotation:

“[T]ransfer was inevitable and inbuilt into Zionism—because it sought to transform a land which was ‘Arab’ into a ‘Jewish’ state and a Jewish state could not have arisen without a major displacement of Arab population; and because this aim automatically produced resistance among the Arabs which, in turn, persuaded the Yishuv’s leaders that a hostile Arab majority or large minority could not remain in place if a Jewish state was to arise or safely endure.”[8]Ibid., p. 60.

Thus, in Morris’s temporal-logical sequence of the conflict’s genesis, Zionist transfer was cause and Arab resistance effect in an ever-expanding spiral. He put forth a sequence of succinct and copiously documented formulations on this crucial point in Righteous Victims: “The fear of territorial displacement and dispossession was to be the chief motor of Arab antagonism to Zionism down to 1948 (and indeed after 1967 as well)”; “In the 1880′s there were already Arabs who understood that the threat from Zionism was not merely a local matter or a by-product of cultural estrangement.‘The natives are hostile towards us, saying that we have come to drive them out of the country,’ recorded one Zionist settler”; “[T]he major cause of tension and violence . . . was . . . the conflicting interests and goals of the two populations. The Arabs sought instinctively to . . . maintain their position as [Palestine’s] rightful inhabitants; the Zionists sought radically to change the status quo . . . and eventually turn an Arab-populated country into a Jewish homeland. . . . The Arabs, both urban and rural, came to feel anxiety and fear.”[9]Morris, Righteous Victims, pp. 37, 46, 49.In the conclusion of Righteous Victims, Morris reiterated that the Arabs’trepidation and ensuing opposition were “solidly anchored in a perception that [Zionist] expansion . . . would be at the expense of their people, principally and initially those living in Palestine itself.”[10]Ibid., p. 653. As Morris originally reckoned it, Arab fear was rational—because transfer was “inevitable and inbuilt into Zionism”—and Arab resistance natural—because it sprang“automatically” from the Zionist goal of transfer. He located the root of the conflict in a historical clash between Zionism and the indigenous Arab population of Palestine and the historical (if not moral) onus for engendering the conflict was placed squarely by Morris on the shoulders of the Zionist movement.[11]It could still be argued, and it is Morris’s contention, that although creating a Jewish state necessarily entailed the ethnic cleansing of Palestine, the establishment of a Jewishstate was nonetheless a greater moral good. Even in his original, liberal phase, Morrisput both moral and historical culpability for the creation of the Palestinian refugeeproblem on the Arabs because, inter alia, they rejected the UN Partition Resolution

[1] Benny Morris, Righteous Victims: A history of the Zionist-Arab conflict, 1881-2001 (New York: 2001), pp. 652-54, 61.

[2] Shabtai Teveth, The Evolution of “Transfer” in Zionist Thinking (Tel Aviv: 1989), p. 17.

[3] Ibid., pp. 2, 6. Anita Shapira, Land and Power: The Zionist resort to force, 1881-1948
(Oxford: 1992), pp. 285-86.

[4] Benny Morris, The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947-1949 (Cambridge: 1987), p. 25.

[5] Morris, Righteous Victims, p. 139.

[6] Benny Morris, “Revisiting the Palestinian Exodus of 1948,” in Eugene L. Rogan and Avi Shlaim, eds.,The War for Palestine: Rewriting the history of 1948 (Cambridge: 2001), p. 40. The British proposed in 1937, and the Zionists seconded, transfer alongside partition to resolve the Palestine conflict.

[7] Benny Morris, The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited (Cambridge:
2004).

[8] Ibid., p. 60.

[9] Morris, Righteous Victims, pp. 37, 46, 49.

[10] Ibid., p. 653.

[11] It could still be argued, and it is Morris’s contention, that although creating a Jewish state necessarily entailed the ethnic cleansing of Palestine, the establishment of a Jewishstate was nonetheless a greater moral good. Even in his original, liberal phase, Morrisput both moral and historical culpability for the creation of the Palestinian refugeeproblem on the Arabs because, inter alia, they rejected the UN Partition Resolution

(Republished from Byline.com by permission of author or representative)
 
• Category: History • Tags: Israel/Palestine 
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  1. The Zionists are far from original. They copied the idea of spiral expansion from their fellow Semites.

    “Ethnic cleansing” is just a new label for a very old recipe.

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    • Replies: @matt
    The Arab conquests didn't involve mass expulsions of people. The Arab armies didn't have enough manpower to carry out mass expulsions, even if they had wanted to. The Arabs didn't typically even replace the Persian or Byzantine bureaucracy in the newly conquered areas. They put the nobility to the sword, sure, but they kept the functionaries in place. How else were they supposed to govern these areas?

    Even mass forcible conversions were a thing of relative rarity (the behavior of the Almohads being one major exception). After all, dhimmis payed the jizya tax, a major source of revenue for Muslim rulers in some places at some times. Why lose all that money just to spread the final prophecy of God?

    The point about Zionists isn't that they were the first or the last to ethnically cleanse their enemies, but that, before Morris, Zionist historians repeatedly and emphatically denied the centrality of ethnic cleansing to the Zionist project, in an attempt to stake out the moral high ground. Morris showed that they were lying.
    , @bondo
    didnt know pickled carps were semites.
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  2. matt says:
    @Reg Cæsar
    The Zionists are far from original. They copied the idea of spiral expansion from their fellow Semites.

    "Ethnic cleansing" is just a new label for a very old recipe.

    The Arab conquests didn’t involve mass expulsions of people. The Arab armies didn’t have enough manpower to carry out mass expulsions, even if they had wanted to. The Arabs didn’t typically even replace the Persian or Byzantine bureaucracy in the newly conquered areas. They put the nobility to the sword, sure, but they kept the functionaries in place. How else were they supposed to govern these areas?

    Even mass forcible conversions were a thing of relative rarity (the behavior of the Almohads being one major exception). After all, dhimmis payed the jizya tax, a major source of revenue for Muslim rulers in some places at some times. Why lose all that money just to spread the final prophecy of God?

    The point about Zionists isn’t that they were the first or the last to ethnically cleanse their enemies, but that, before Morris, Zionist historians repeatedly and emphatically denied the centrality of ethnic cleansing to the Zionist project, in an attempt to stake out the moral high ground. Morris showed that they were lying.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Rehmat
    The Zionist Jews improved their 'ethnic-cleansing' techniques while collaborating with Hitler and Mussolini.

    Arab didn't carried out ethnic-cleansing of other races because it's one of the greatest sin in Islam. However, I personally believe they should had learned from their Judo-Christian adversaries. It could have stopped slaughter of millions of Muslims in Spain, Sicily, Greece, India, Malta, etc.

    Personally, I tends to agree with Dr. Norman Finkelstein mother’s interpretation of Holocaust: “Jews or anyone else doesn’t has the monopoly over Holocaust.”

    There had been too many other Holocausts the Organized Jewry doesn't want you to know .....

    https://rehmat1.com/2009/02/07/holocausts-too-many-to-remember/
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc. More... This Commenter This Thread Hide Thread Display All Comments
  3. Gideon Levy argued at a conference in DC last March that what is unique about the zionist project of ethnic cleansing (occupation) is the Jewish claim to perpetual victimhood, even in the midst of the occupation and on-going persecution of Palestinian Arabs.

    Levy’s words:

    The Israeli society has surrounded itself with shields, with walls, not only physical walls but also mental walls. . . . I’ll just give the three principles which enable us Israelis to live so easily with this brutal reality.
    A) Most of the Israelis, if not all of them, deeply believe that we are the chosen people. And if we are the chosen people, we have the right to do whatever we want.

    B) There were more brutal occupations in history. There were even longer occupations in history, even though the Israeli occupation gets to quite a nice record. But there was never in history an occupation in which the occupier presented himself as the victim—not only the victim, but the only victim around. This also enables any Israeli to live in peace, because we are the victims.

    In the other panel, Professor Falk spoke about the dual strategy of Israel, of being a victim on one hand and manipulating on the other hand, after what happened in Paris and in Copenhagen with the terror attacks. Benjamin Netanyahu came [up] with the notion, “All the Jews must come to Israel. It’s the safest place for the Jews in the world. It’s a shelter for the Jews in the world.” Which is wrong because Israel today is the most dangerous place on earth for Jews. But let’s put it aside. It was only 24 hours later when he said Israel is in existential threat under the Iranian bomb. And I asked myself, how can you dare call Jews to come and to join this suicidal project, when the Iranians are going to bomb us?

    But in Israel anything goes, and both declarations were accepted as the only truth. And here, I get to the third set of values that enable us Israelis to live in peace with the occupation. This is maybe the most crucial one and the worst one.
    We say victimization, we say chosen people. When I say victimization, it goes without saying, we have to mention the Holocaust and the unforgettable Mrs. Golda Meir that the American jury had exported to Israel. She said once—this unforgettable woman—that after the Holocaust the Jews have the right to do whatever they want.

    But the [C] third set of values is the most dangerous one. This is the systematic de-humanization of the Palestinians, which enables us Israelis to live in peace with everything, because if they are not human beings like us, then there is not really a question of human rights. http://israellobbyus.org/transcripts/4.2Gideon_Levy2.htm

    .

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  4. Hbm says:

    A drive to ethnic cleansing is built-in to Judaism (and by way of its influence, into Christianity and Islam, which dutifully repeat it). The irony, if one can call it that, is the Conquest of Canaan is a fiction and for all its awful influence never actually happened.

    It’s a Greek-styled origin “history” authored in Alexandria; a piece of ancient hasbara aimed at the Greeks who ruled the Jews, evocative of Alexander’s actual regional conquest but embellished with stereotypical Semitic genocidal braggodocio; the bloodthirsty boasting of the kind found on the region’s victory stelae (where without fail it’s the children of Israel and the House of David getting wiped-out).

    Were the Greeks impressed and frightened enough by this Divine “history” to treat their Jewish subjects more nicely, as if the Jews were important and worthy of the special treatment goy fools give them even as they erode their societies from within (instead of like the full-of-it Semitic grifters they really were)?

    I guess they probably did.

    Today the Jews have their West Bank and even their proxy genocide of Europe with “refugees” (and America with Hispanics), as well as the Jews’ occupation-destruction of Western cultural institutions.

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  5. My Latin master was the Senior British Police Sargeant in Ramallah prior to partition. He was always crystal clear that the Jews were the aggressors and the Palestinians were defending themselves.

    He regularly arrested members of the Stern Gang, who deliberately killed small numbers of Palestinians to provoke a village to move for terror or fight a nearby Jewish settlement. Also, they financed themselves by robbery. A few days after the arrests, a phone call from London would order him to release them without charge. He suspected that the original source of the orders was New York. Stern himself, an actual Nazi, was shot while escaping from custody by Special Branch officers after he tried to make a deal with the German embassy in Ankara to import Central European Jews rounded up by the Nazis. It was 1942. A difficult time for Britain in terms of relations with Germany. Stern wanted the German Jews as an army to clear out the Palestinian population. Part of the deal was to fight the British who were desperate to keep the Suez Canal open so that Persian oil went to them rather than Germany. In the event, the British won Alamein, with some support from mainstream Zionists.

    Menachem Begin had a similar gang, if not actually Nazi. His election rather upset my Latin master.

    So, yes. Population transfer was always the intention of the Zionists.

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  6. “Ben-Gurion, of course, was right. Zionism was a colonizing and expansionist ideology and movement. . . . Zionist ideology and practice were necessarily and elementally expansionist.”

    And still is.

    Honestly. I thought everybody who could say “Zionism” knew this.

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  7. Rehmat says:
    @matt
    The Arab conquests didn't involve mass expulsions of people. The Arab armies didn't have enough manpower to carry out mass expulsions, even if they had wanted to. The Arabs didn't typically even replace the Persian or Byzantine bureaucracy in the newly conquered areas. They put the nobility to the sword, sure, but they kept the functionaries in place. How else were they supposed to govern these areas?

    Even mass forcible conversions were a thing of relative rarity (the behavior of the Almohads being one major exception). After all, dhimmis payed the jizya tax, a major source of revenue for Muslim rulers in some places at some times. Why lose all that money just to spread the final prophecy of God?

    The point about Zionists isn't that they were the first or the last to ethnically cleanse their enemies, but that, before Morris, Zionist historians repeatedly and emphatically denied the centrality of ethnic cleansing to the Zionist project, in an attempt to stake out the moral high ground. Morris showed that they were lying.

    The Zionist Jews improved their ‘ethnic-cleansing’ techniques while collaborating with Hitler and Mussolini.

    Arab didn’t carried out ethnic-cleansing of other races because it’s one of the greatest sin in Islam. However, I personally believe they should had learned from their Judo-Christian adversaries. It could have stopped slaughter of millions of Muslims in Spain, Sicily, Greece, India, Malta, etc.

    Personally, I tends to agree with Dr. Norman Finkelstein mother’s interpretation of Holocaust: “Jews or anyone else doesn’t has the monopoly over Holocaust.”

    There had been too many other Holocausts the Organized Jewry doesn’t want you to know …..

    https://rehmat1.com/2009/02/07/holocausts-too-many-to-remember/

    Read More
    • Replies: @biz

    Arab didn’t carried out ethnic-cleansing of other races because it’s one of the greatest sin in Islam.
     
    LOL. Even the Obama admin just admitted that Arab Muslims are committing genocide right now - against Yezidis and Assyrian Christians who inhabited those areas long before any Muslims.
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  8. biz says:

    What about the >50% of the Israeli Jewish population who were ethnically cleansed themselves – out of Arab and Muslim countries?

    Only a minority of Israeli Jews are descended from people who were there in 1948. The majority are descended from people who were ethnically cleansed out of Arab and Muslim countries.

    Read More
    • Replies: @bondo
    jews were ethnically cleansed/redirected by jews.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc. More... This Commenter This Thread Hide Thread Display All Comments
  9. biz says:
    @Rehmat
    The Zionist Jews improved their 'ethnic-cleansing' techniques while collaborating with Hitler and Mussolini.

    Arab didn't carried out ethnic-cleansing of other races because it's one of the greatest sin in Islam. However, I personally believe they should had learned from their Judo-Christian adversaries. It could have stopped slaughter of millions of Muslims in Spain, Sicily, Greece, India, Malta, etc.

    Personally, I tends to agree with Dr. Norman Finkelstein mother’s interpretation of Holocaust: “Jews or anyone else doesn’t has the monopoly over Holocaust.”

    There had been too many other Holocausts the Organized Jewry doesn't want you to know .....

    https://rehmat1.com/2009/02/07/holocausts-too-many-to-remember/

    Arab didn’t carried out ethnic-cleansing of other races because it’s one of the greatest sin in Islam.

    LOL. Even the Obama admin just admitted that Arab Muslims are committing genocide right now – against Yezidis and Assyrian Christians who inhabited those areas long before any Muslims.

    Read More
    • Replies: @bondo
    "even the ob ama admin admitted"

    the judaized admin. (also just selected another unqualified jew to be a supreme court justice)
    guessing after much gas releasing by neorepubs will be approved if their masters say "approve".

    these are jew led, inspired, directed, controlled atrocities. did i say jews also participating? jews never let a chance to kill goy pass especially when blame can be shifted to goy.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc. More... This Commenter This Thread Hide Thread Display All Comments
  10. Seraphim says:

    A historical analogy:

    “(the) memorandum presented in the summer of 1944 by members of the Committee to the Soviet leadership containing a proposal to create a Jewish Soviet republic in the *Crimea (the Tatar population of which was exiled by Stalin by May 1944)… They also expressed the hope that “the Jewish masses of all countries, in particular the United States would give substantial aid” to building up such a republic.”
    “Projects for establishing a Jewish republic in the southern Ukraine or in the Crimea had been suggested earlier. For example, in 1923 the social leader A. Bragin had proposed that one be established on the Black Sea coast from Bessarabia to Abkhaz with its capital in Odessa, while Yuri *Larin supported, in opposition to the Birobidzhan plan, a Jewish autonomous area in the southern Crimean and Azov region centered in Kerch.”
    See: http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0005_0_04717.html

    “On April 21, 1926, a visiting session of the Bureau of the OK VKP (b) (Regional Committee of the Communist Party) in Bakhchisarai approved the prospective resettlement plan for the Republic, but it turned out that the resettlement of the Jews to Crimea was contrary to the attitudes of local authorities in respect of land provision of Tatar peasants.”
    “The resettlement of the Jews coincided with the “dispossession” and forced deportation of Crimean peasants. GPU has deployed a network of camps across the peninsula (only in the Simferopol district there were four of them). According to a report by an employee of the Crimean OGPU, Salyn, by March 26, 1930, 16 thousand people were “dispossessed” and identified for deportation, and the total number of deported reached 25-30 thousand.”
    ” In 1943, Stalin complained to Tito, that in Tehran, Roosevelt told him (Stalin) that the US can no longer continue land-lease deliveries, because the Jewish lobby is very strong in America, and is demanding the implementation of the project for the establishment of the “Crimean California”. We (USA) are also unable to open a second front, if the decision on Crimea is not taken”,
    “Under the pressure from the Americans, On May 11, 1944, Stalin signed the order to deport Crimean Tatars to Uzbekistan.
    A month later, on June 6, 1944, the Americans opened the second front”
    For more details see http://www.fort-russ.com/2015/03/how-stalin-played-americans-with.html

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  11. bondo says:
    @biz
    What about the >50% of the Israeli Jewish population who were ethnically cleansed themselves - out of Arab and Muslim countries?

    Only a minority of Israeli Jews are descended from people who were there in 1948. The majority are descended from people who were ethnically cleansed out of Arab and Muslim countries.

    jews were ethnically cleansed/redirected by jews.

    Read More
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  12. bondo says:
    @Reg Cæsar
    The Zionists are far from original. They copied the idea of spiral expansion from their fellow Semites.

    "Ethnic cleansing" is just a new label for a very old recipe.

    didnt know pickled carps were semites.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc. More... This Commenter This Thread Hide Thread Display All Comments
  13. bondo says:
    @biz

    Arab didn’t carried out ethnic-cleansing of other races because it’s one of the greatest sin in Islam.
     
    LOL. Even the Obama admin just admitted that Arab Muslims are committing genocide right now - against Yezidis and Assyrian Christians who inhabited those areas long before any Muslims.

    “even the ob ama admin admitted”

    the judaized admin. (also just selected another unqualified jew to be a supreme court justice)
    guessing after much gas releasing by neorepubs will be approved if their masters say “approve”.

    these are jew led, inspired, directed, controlled atrocities. did i say jews also participating? jews never let a chance to kill goy pass especially when blame can be shifted to goy.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc. More... This Commenter This Thread Hide Thread Display All Comments
  14. bondo says:

    in many of the areas that muslims conquered a golden age followed: arab lands, persia, spain, india, sicily (many improvements).

    jews, zionists bring backwardness, misery, short lives, degradation of culture.

    same for the western conquered lands. west would be combination of jews, eurochristians, eurocapitalists. all 3 parasites on humanity.

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  15. bondo says:

    question for the good prof: why did you stab prof steven salaita in the back after he was stealth attacked by jews who demanded he be fired from the univ of illinois, urbana for his honest and very truthful comments about the jew slaughter in gaza?

    well

    you are a gatekeeper zionist and deception is in your dna.

    you and chomsky can take your gatekeeping dishonesty and disappear.

    you arent needed.

    oh

    can you give some truths about the hollowcostus other than the abuse by abusive jews?

    Read More
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