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The United States and Iran: Two Tracks to Establish Hegemony
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US policy in the Middle East and South Asia is shaped by several basic considerations:

1) US Imperialism is the force of global domination

2) US imperial policy in the Middle East focuses on encircling, destroying and dismantling Iran’s allies (Syria, Lebanon (Hezbollah), Iraq (Shi’a Militia), Qatar and Yemen with the intent of overthrowing the government and installing a client regime in Teheran.

3) The return of Iran to the status of puppet regime will advance Washington’s ultimate goal of encircling and isolating Russia and China.

4) The US overthrow of the Islamic Republic of Iran will facilitate Israel’s final seizure of Palestine, including Jerusalem, and establish Tel Aviv as the dominant regional power in the Middle East.

Washington’s ‘Two Track’ Policy for Domination

US strategic planners rely on a two-track policy, combining and blending military and ideological weapons.

Its military strategy relies on slicing up the Middle East – ‘salami tactics’ – invading and conquering of each and every country and government, which shares the Islamic Republic of Iran’s policy of national sovereignty and independence. US military success or failure depends on its alliances in the Middle East, North Africa and Europe. The US, Saudi Arabia and Israel all sponsor terrorist groups which have attacked Iran’s scientists, its elected representatives and military leaders, as well as its sacred sites – inside Iran as well as abroad.

The political and ideological strategy involves the penetration and organization of domestic forces to destabilize and weaken Iran’s internal security, defense capability and overseas alliances.

Ideological warfare involves: (1) exploiting regional, ethnic, class and religious differences to undermine stability and fragment the country; and (2) converting legitimate social critics and political opposition parties into imperial collaborators.

Ideological attacks are designed to attract Iranian writers, academics, intellectuals and artists who choose to ignore the history of US imperialism in fomenting bloody coups (Mossadegh 1954), launching proxy wars via Saddam Hussain’s invasion (1980- 88) and the terrorist attacks by Israel and Saudi Arabia, as well as the terrorists backed by Iraq’s former dictator.

US propaganda intervention in Iran’s electoral process has been designed to promote a so-called “color revolution” regime change favored by neo-liberal, pro-West parties and candidates who seek US sponsorship in their ascent to power. The imperial collaborators and various Western ‘human rights’ NGOs hide the sordid history of Washington’s overt and proxy wars/coups and occupations in Syria, Iraq, Ukraine, Afghanistan, Somalia, Yemen, Libya and Palestine.

Modern imperialist policies include: (1) diplomatic and cyber warfare against Iran’s defense and security systems; (2) economic sanctions and the assassination of highly skilled scientists and engineers to undermine economic growth; (3) political propaganda labeling Iran a ‘terrorist state’ in order to intimidate and weaken overseas and domestic allies; and the (4) financing and arming of terrorists from Europe, the Middle East and North Africa to attack the Islamic Republic.

Linguistic and Conceptual Perversions

Imperial warfare depends on perverting political language and concepts. The US refers to invasion, which have killed and maimed millions of Muslims and Christians in Iraq (2003-2017) and Syria (2011-2017) as ‘humanitarian interventions’. In reality its policy described an ongoing ‘holocaust’ – the massive genocidal violation of the human rights of scores of millions of people to sovereignty, peace and security of home, life, limb, culture and faith.

The millions of victims of the West’s current holocaust in the Middle East reject and scorn Washington’s imperialist claim of defending ‘democratic values’ and its socalled ‘responsibility to protect (R2P)’ as pronounced by a series of US Administrations through their mouthpieces in the United Nations.

In contrast, US support for the Saudi monarch’s brutal bombing and blockade of Yemen has led to an entire population facing starvation and a massive, cholera epidemic, which now threatens over 26 million Yeminis. The campaign against Yemen by the brutal Saudis and their US-EU allies is the very definition of crimes against humanity and international law.

Sanctions: A Tool of Conquest

US sanctions against Iraq, Syria, Iran and Yemen have been designed to starve working people into submission while capturing the support of some middle class consumers. US policy of invading Libya and brutally murdering President Gadhafi and his family members was designed to systematically destroy a prosperous, independent republic and turn it into a backward, impoverished fiefdom of tribal warlords, exploited by Western oil companies. Saudi Arabia joined the European Union in financing terrorists, many trained in the destroyed remnants of Libya, who later killed innocent civilians in Paris, Nice, London, Manchester and other parts of Europe.

The strategic goal of the US invasion of Iraq, Syria and Yemen has been to violently divide these independent republics and turn them into ethnically cleansed, impoverished, mini-states – in the imperial tradition of ‘divide and conquer’. Such tribal fiefdoms are easily dominated by imperial powers.

Regional and Global Strategy

Washington’s imperial strategists have arrived at the conclusion that they cannot conquer independent states, like Iran, in a single attack, given its size, defense capability, internal cohesion and regional alliances.

Their strategy is to surround Iran by destroying its allies, one nation at a time.

The first phase of the US invasion, occupation and systematic destruction of Iraq and its entire governmental infrastructure was designed to overthrow the Baathist state, then neutralize the Shi’a militia and impose a servile client regime in Baghdad. The second step was to encourage Sunni tribal warlords to seize control of central Iraq. The third step was to arm the Kurds to form a mini-state in northern Iraq (so-called “Kurdistan”). This would entail large-scale ethnic cleansing, the total destruction of Iraq’s ancient Christian community, the extermination of its multiethnic modern educated, scientific, cultural and technocratic work force. In other words, the US strategy was to obliterate any remnant of the Iraqi Republic in its war to ‘remake the Middle East’.


After Iraq and Libya, the next target for US-EU aggression has been the government of the Syrian Arab Republic, Iran’s ally. The EU, USA, Saudi Arabia and Turkey sponsored an invasion by mercenary Salafi forces under a network of Daesh-ISIS-al Queda terrorists. Israel, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and the Emirates have provided military, logistical and financial support to the terrorists.

After Syria, the fourth target of Anglo-American-Saudi-Israeli military strategy would be to undermine the national sovereignty of Lebanon and destroy the armed political Hezbollah Party, the powerful Lebanese resistance organization (allied with Iran). It was consistent with this strategy for the West to support Israel’s brutal air and ground attacks against the civilian population and infrastructure of Beirut, Lebanese port cities and villages. Tens of thousands of Lebanese Christians were not spared the Israeli terror bombing campaign.

If a Lebanese campaign were successful and Hezbollah was destroyed, the ‘final’ Israeli conquest of Palestine, the fifth objective, could commence: US and world Zionism would unconditionally celebrate Israel’s massive ethnic purge of Palestine’s native peoples and finish off the total confiscation of the homes, mosques, churches, land and resources of millions of Muslim and Christian Palestinians and other peoples. This would create history’s first ‘pure Jewish’ state.

The sixth imperial objective would be to disarm Iran’s military and security structure and weaken its economy in order to isolate the Islamic Republic and undermine its Middle Eastern alliances. This strategic objective explains why Washington promotes its one-sided nuclear arms agreement with Iran, while the nuclear-armed Israel is excluded! Despite Iran’s abiding by the terms of the agreement, there have been no reciprocal lifting of economic sanctions or the normalization of trade and diplomatic relations.

Beyond Iran, the global strategy would be to weaken, encircle and isolate the US’s big power rivals, China and Russia and re-establish the US as the uncontested world imperial power.

Iran Counters the US Global Military Threat

Iran responded by developing economic, technical and military agreements with Russia and China in order to counter the US-Israeli-Saudi threats and sanctions. Russia provides advanced defensive weapons systems. China signs large-scale, long-term trade agreements while including Iran in its huge Central Asian infrastructure projects. Most importantly, Iran has succeeded in defending the legitimate government of Syria, while aiding Iraq and Yemen.

Iran undermined official US sanctions by signing multi-billion dollar agreements with the giant Boeing Corporation for the purchase of passenger airplanes as well as developing further agreements with US banks and agro-business exporters and oil companies. These profitable agreements with the US agro-business export sector can weaken the Pentagon-Zionist sanctions.

Iran has the diplomatic support of the Non-Aligned Movement opposing Israeli-US Zionist military threats.

Iran’s principled opposition to Saudi Arabia’s massive arms purchases, as well as the Kingdom’s vicious alliance with Israel and its genocidal assault against the Yemeni people, has gained the support of world public opinion – especially the masses of independent Muslims throughout the world.

Iran’s educational, scientific, military and political-electoral advances provide the basis for national security, economic growth, cultural enrichment, international alliances and the deepening of social democracy for its people. It provides an alternative independent vision for many millions of Muslims living under harsh monarchies, military dictators and imperial oppression.


Since the US and its allies launched their ‘hot war’ by surrounding, threatening and destabilizing Iran, Washington’s strategy has suffered serious military defeats and political retreats.

Iraq is no longer encircled by the US. Shia-based militias have regional control, especially south of Baghdad and beyond. Syria, Iran’s ally, has fought hard to finally liberate many towns, cities and territory taken by the terrorist mercenaries despite the EU-US-Saudi-Israel’s initial advances.

Rival rebel forces and mercenary gangsters besiege the US puppet governments in Libya, Somalia and South Sudan. The classic CIA term, ‘blowback’, means these terrorists are now turning their guns on the West.

Washington has lost control of Afghanistan. Over a third of the Afghan military and police recruits defect to the resistance fighters. The central ‘government’ in Kabul influences less than a quarter of the country

Despite spending trillions of dollars on wars and propaganda over the past two decades, US military strategy to encircle and conquer Iran has been a military, diplomatic and economic failure. The American people have suffered thousands of casualties and its domestic economy is in permanent crisis with massive unemployment, poverty, recession and stagnation.

Despite US congressional, Presidential and Pentagon support for Israel’s Jewish colonization of Palestine, more countries, trade unions and social movements, around the world, support the boycott, divestment and sanctions (BDS) campaign against Israel than ever before. Manu are speaking up despite government threats to outlaw ‘criticism of Israel’ as a ‘hate crime’.

The turmoil and deep political divisions in the United States between the oligarchs allied to President Trump and the opposition oligarchs have created a profound institutional crisis, which has undermined domestic governance and disrupted US global alliances, US-EU relations and US-Asian trade links.

Despite the bizarre and often theatrical presentation by the US mass media, the American Congress and President Trump are fighting over fundamental issues, including control of the national security agencies (CIA, NSA, FBI, Homeland Security, etc.), foreign and military policy, the economy and environmental agenda, the federal budget, judiciary and the Presidency.

The political crisis has paralyzed the capacity of the US to start new wars and negotiate international agreements. President Trump is facing a serious coup d’état involving the political-intelligence elite, with the military looking warily on the chaos. The masses are increasingly polarized or disgusted.

In an attempt to deflect from his domestic problems, President Trump deepened the US alliance with Saudi Arabia and reiterated threats against Iran. Nevertheless he declined pressure to move the US embassy to Israel. The inconsistent and ad hoc nature of current US policy alienates friends and foes – with no redeeming features.

The domestic opposition demands an end of President Trump’s diplomatic overtures to Russia. It uses the fake pretext of Russian interference in the US presidential election to move toward the president’s impeachment.

The US faces a CLANDESTINE CIVIL WAR among its elite!

A financial bubble accompanies the American domestic political crisis. The economic elite, the banks and stock market have benefited through speculation, despite or because of, the paralysis among rival political oligarchs!

The emergence of Trump’s so-called ‘national-capitalist ideology’ means a decline in US multi-lateral agreements, such as NATO, the EU, NAFTA and the Trans-

Pacific Trade Partnership (TPP). This explains Trump’s effort to renegotiate bilateral agreements, which have failed


Trump’s stated policy objectives have fallen between two chairs: the multi-lateral agreements have not been replaced by lucrative bilateral deals. Trump relies on big business offerings and ‘nationalist’ ideology to minimize his diplomatic failures and ideological isolation. Trump wants to win contracts for greater US exports and investment. This has been weakened by the previous administration’s pursuit of economic sanctions and expanding wars, as well as his feckless propaganda.

The Trump regime is full of contradictions: It threatens to end the nuclear agreement with Iran but allows Boeing to sell billions of dollars of civilian aircraft to Teheran. It signs a $300 billion dollar arms sales agreement with Saudi Arabia (business for the for military industries) while losing political influence in the US, where the Saudis are widely despised.

At least, Trump does not blather on about humanitarian wars; he would prefer signing business deals. He mentions the need for ‘regime change’ in Syria and sending more troops to Afghanistan but does little to implement these goals.

President Trump is fighting for his own political (and personal) survival and to prevent his impeachment (via a Congressional coup). His strongest defense would be to strengthen the domestic economy and show some overseas economic successes.

Essentially, Trump’s economic agenda depends on his avoiding politically and militarily costly wars. That was one of his campaign promises that resonated with the nation’s core electorate.

Trump would like to balkanize Syria, while avoiding new troop commitments to Afghanistan. He would prefer profitable trade relations with Russia and China and perhaps, Iran, over war.

The impediments to any Trump policy success are massive: Trump’s Administration includes zealous neo-conservative Russophobes and Zionist-Iranophobes. These are militarists who would provoke eventual armed conflict with Moscow and Teheran. Their current focus is on expanding the war in Syria, sending more US troops to Afghanistan and forging deeper ties with Israel and Saudi Arabia.

The current internal political contradictions between the Trump regime and the ‘Deep’ State apparatus, and between the Trump-allied business elite and the Zionist-neoconservative warmongers, preclude the development of a consequential Trump foreign policy.

In the meantime, domestic political warfare and the deepening divisions between the US and EU will create opportunities for Russia, China and Iran to join together in historic economic political and alliances, which might help re-balance a world on the brink of ‘world war’, economic collapse and environmental disaster.

The divisions among NATO countries undermine the establishment of a united front for greater imperial wars. The fragmentation of the European Union (Brexit, the collapse of Greece, the EU-sponsored putsch in Ukraine) lessens its global economic influence. The division between the US Presidential regime and the Opposition Security State apparatus paralyzes the US push for new imperial wars.

Divisions and conflicts within the imperial camp presents favorable opportunities for anti-imperialist countries in the Middle East, like Iran, Syria and Lebanon.

The strategic Russo-Chinese economic alliance may create a new global economy based on peaceful co-existence and greater economic co-operation.

This essay is dedicated to the memory of the innocent martyrs of the recent brutal terrorist attacks against the Iranian Parliament and the holy shrine and to honor the brave survivors and family members of the victims.

(Republished from The James Petras Website by permission of author or representative)
• Category: Foreign Policy • Tags: American Military, Iran, Middle East 
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  1. A perfect article beyond any possible comments. Mr. Petras hits a perfect score as he often does. A dispassionate, lucid and thorough analysis of the greater geopolitical world that could teach the half brained and crooked congressional representatives a great many lessons.

    • Replies: @jilles dykstra
  2. A very good description of the present world.
    Alas western media present a quite different picture.

  3. Mr. Petras, my hats off to you. This is the most to-the-point, honest assessment of what’s going on I’ve read in a long time.

    My only complaint is the use of the term “Middle East”. We should all drop this British colonial era term and just call it what it is: Southwest Asia. Please don’t take that as being nit-picky and looking for fault (not my intention at all)…your article is brilliant. But we have to start somewhere.

  4. @Joe Levantine

    Is it possible that many representatives know quite well what’s going on, but have reasons, their own political survival, to pretend they do not know ?
    Senator Hollings just dared to speak the truth shortly before he resigned, in 2004.

  5. With respect to Israel’s supposedly assigned role, I beg to differ. The US, like Russia and Iran, is an assimilative empire, established on the basis of welcoming and incorporating any group or individual willing to adopt the imperial culture and language. In other words, these are non-exclusive states. Israel, on the other hand, is built on rigid and comprehensive racial and religious exclusiveness. Only jews can join. Israel is the quintessential nation state, built on an antiquated, romantic 19th-century idea. The self-defeating and ultimately untenable model of the nation state was demonstrated unequivocally in 1945, but ignoring historical proof, Israel resuscitated it in 1948. Therefore, it would seem to me Israel can never become the dominant force in the Middle East. Even if it somehow succeeds in attaining this position, it will definitely be of a very short duration. It is a bit like what Guizot once remarked: you can do anything with a bayonet, except sit on it.

    • Replies: @Joe Levantine
  6. Durruti says:

    A Nicely Written Article by Petras:

    1. Could have used a bit of information on the Rothschilds and other dominant Jewish Banking Family Oligarchs, including their role in the assassination of John F. Kennedy (the last Constitutional President of the United States), on November 22, 1963, in the Coup D’etat in Dallas, (the first successful Modern Arab Spring).

    2. Could have benefitted by references to the horrors of Vietnam and Indonesia (1965), 9/11, and the attack on the Liberty, among other dark pages of recent history, which would have taken a sentence.

    3. Could have used a bit of a VISION advocacy of how to Cure this Zionist imperialist plague so nicely described by Petras. The Restoration of the Republic, destroyed on November 22, 1963, is the Revolutionary Cure so ignored by the earnest and not so earnest critics of the Zionist New World Order.

    Oh for our own Decembrists!

    God Bless America! Restore the Republic!

    Durruti for The Anarchist Collective

  7. The strategic Russo-Chinese economic alliance may create a new global economy based on peaceful co-existence and greater economic co-operation.

    Let’s hope so.

    I, for one, am more than fed up with the one trick parasite, gangster politics.

  8. As USA internal rot accelerates she is becoming increasingly erratic and desperate in her international policy. It increasingly looks like biten by white shark seal trashing desperately in the water while life along with blood leaving it’s body. Others should keep their cool and patiently wait.

  9. dearieme says:

    “2) US imperial policy in the Middle East focuses on encircling, destroying and dismantling Iran’s allies (Syria, Lebanon (Hezbollah), Iraq (Shi’a Militia), Qatar and Yemen with the intent of overthrowing the government and installing a client regime in Teheran.”

    And yet the US destroyed Iran’s most useful enemy, Saddam’s Iraq. Sometimes I wonder whether US foreign policy has any guiding intelligence at all. Maybe it consists only of stupid, reckless flailing.

  10. fnn says:

    How many Americans and Europeans realize that all Islamic terrorism in the West is Sunni and none of it is Shia, and that all the demonization of Iran and Hezbollah is solely for the benefit of Israel?

  11. Rurik says: • Website

    Excellent article and analysis

    kudos and gratitude

    If I were to offer any suggestion, I’d just prefer that the author amend the abbreviation of the US to the ZUS (Zionist occupied US), as all of the things he mentions that the US is doing, are all in direct contravention of the principles and interests and people of the actual US, and are, rather, all being done to benefit the most sinister and intractable enemy of the of the US (and so many others including Iran); the ZUS.

    The American people have suffered thousands of casualties and its domestic economy is in permanent crisis with massive unemployment, poverty, recession and stagnation.

    Trump’s economic agenda depends on his avoiding politically and militarily costly wars. That was one of his campaign promises that resonated with the nation’s core electorate.

    I spell out my case for calling it the ZUS here:

    (which I invite the moderators to including under a blue ‘more’ link so as not to clutter up the comment section)


    saying US, by which I do not mean ordinary US people then the rotten elite running the show.

    I sort of know that, but I hope you (and others) can understand why that distinction is so important to us genuine Americans who’re horrified at the conduct of the US government on the world’s stage.

    The interests of the US government vs. the people of the US, could not be more diametrically opposed. They’re looting our Treasury and our future to fund eternal wars for Israel- that do nothing but destroy any kind of long-term hope for this country. They’re creating hatred for the American people that will reverberate over generations. They’re systematically dismantling our sacred codified rights (earned in blood) going all the way back to the Magna Carta. They assassinate our citizens if they prove inconvenient to the regime, when they aren’t burning them alive at places like Waco or the World Trade Center. There seems to be nothing too demonic that this government will do to us American citizens if they suspect that by doing so it will somehow augment their power to dominate us even more.

    Today in America is much like the Russians during the Bolshevik / Soviet regime. Our government is our most intractable and dangerous enemy on the planet. We Americans have nothing to fear from Russia or Iran. That’s laughable. But we have everything to fear from Washington DC. The drooling fiend that inhabits those think tanks and J-Street and K-Street and CFR and PNAC and CIA and all the other acronyms of Satan are our worst enemy on this planet, just as they threaten and menace the rest of the people of the planet, intending to use our children as cannon fodder even as they commit endless atrocities and war crimes in our name.

    So I guess my point is just that the interests of the US [zio-government], vs. the interests of the US people are so wildly at odds, that it would be nice if others could see this as glaringly as those of us American citizens, watching with horror- as our government perpetrates monstrous crimes all over the globe, and here at home.

    The banking cartels are not run by patriotic American citizens, they’re run by our enemies.

    The Pentagon is not run by patriotic American citizens, it’s run by our enemies.

    the FBI and CIA and DEA and NSA … are all operated by the enemies of the American people.

    the media are the most sinister and committed enemy we have. No one hates our guts more.

    the universities are nothing but kosher Marxist indoctrination centers, telling our young people (among other things) that the “US” liberated the people of Kosovo. (is that what happened?). They tell our students that our participation in the world wars was honorable and noble. They tell them that what we are doing in the Middle East today is honorable and noble. They even are attempting to make any criticism of Israel a crime on the universities and campuses. Outlawing any expression of support for the BDS movement. Does that sound like our universities are run by and for Americans?!

    there are two entities here in the good ol’ US of A. There is the ZUSA, that is an enemy to all of mankind, including the people of the US. And then there are the people of the US; represented by those who still cling to quaint notions like the Rule of Law, and our traditions like freedom of speech and fair play. People like Michael Hastings. People like Seth Rich. People like Pat Tillman or Ron Paul or all of his supporters. People like the ones that voted for Obama to end the wars, and who voted for Trump to end the wars. People like Ken O’keefe, who are Americans to the core, and still represent the spirit of what being an American was all about, until our nation was hijacked in 1913 for the greater glory of $atan.

    the US goal in former Yugoslavia was primarily a rejuvenation of NATO which has lost its meaning with the demise of SU. Also, the Demoncrats have a natural propensity to package their imperialism into “humanitarian” interventions, the Republicans are much less sleazy – the Republicans just say you are with us or against us, no matter whether what we do is legal or illegal. Therefore, it was a perfect little war for the Clintons:
    1) breath a new life into NATO,
    2) clean up the Southern Europe of any residual Russia and/or socialist influence and
    3) do a dress rehearsal for attacking Russia (using NATO).

    sounds like a perfectly excellent analysis to me.

    I remember how we scrambled at the time to make sense of it. WTF were they up to?!

    why were they bombing a nation that had been ‘our’ ally during WWII, and seemingly so that some KLA terrorists could lay claim to their ancient and sacred lands? Hard won from the same Muslim hoards that had drenched Kosovo in Christian, Serbian blood for centuries.

    Some of us figured it was kind of a payback for Palestine. ‘Yes, we zio-scum are ravaging your people in Palestine, but as payback, we’ll give you Kosovo!

    We even wondered if there wasn’t some secret, high-level negotiations going on between the representatives of Islam and the Zionists. ‘OK, what do you want for Palestine?’ / ‘We’ll take Kosovo’.

    Then there was general Clarks quote regarding the necessity of bombing Serbia:

    “Let’s not forget what the origin of the problem is. There is no place in
    modern Europe for ethnically pure states. That’s a 19th century idea and we are trying to transition into the 21st century, and we are going to do it with multi-ethnic states.”

    – General Wesley Clark

    so it’s been a conundrum, but your analysis sounds like the best so far.

    travelling NGO EcoSystem


    yes we see it all over the place. But also please keep in mind that the original NGO that $ubverted and corrupted is the one that took control of the US. The actions of the ‘US’ (ZUSA) today are no more a representation of the people of the US, than those in Kyiv or Kabul represent the typical Ukrainian or Afghan. Washington DC no more represents the 300+ million people here than did the actions of Mubarak represented the Egyptian people, or Yeltsin represented the Russian people, or Tony Blair represented the people of England. We have all of us been NGO’d by the Fiend, and none more so than us here in the US, where they declare from their pulpits that there is ‘zero daylight between Israel and the ZUSA!’

    So it stings to read about how this or that benefits the US, when all the benefits are going to the very same Beast that is drooling its putrid saliva all over US too.

    • Replies: @Durruti
  12. Durruti says:

    My fine feathered friend:

    I have little to parse in your lengthy essay.

    However, in your selfish – sectarian way, you manage to blather on without a passing referral to comment # 6, directly above, which deals similarly with the same material,

    And Includes:

    A suggestion #3, for a Cure to the Illness we are discussing. The Cure, which you in your ‘brilliant’ analysis, manage to avoid – ignore – or, suggest your own. Whining is OK, but Curative Change, apparently, is Verboten.

    Of Necessity, I repeat: “a VISION advocacy of how to Cure this Zionist imperialist plague so nicely described by Petras. The Restoration of the Republic, destroyed on November 22, 1963, is the Revolutionary Cure so ignored by the earnest and not so earnest critics of the Zionist New World Order.”

    • Replies: @Rurik
  13. Great job Mr James Petras! Excellent summary of the past generation and the possibilities for near future of the Southwest Asia!
    I wished you would have elaborated more about the US and Israeli Zionists pulling the west particularly the US into the Israel’s illegal conflicts in the Southwest Asia! Now and in the near future the Israelis have more freedom to grab more land freely and without any challenges! The US government has fallen for this crap at the expense of the American people! But I don’t blame the Israelis to take advantage of the American government! I do blame however the American people who don’t give damn about what their government is doing abroad as long as they have a job, place to live, food to eat, beer and pop to drink and a couch to sit on and watch Foux no news! Bottom line is that most American people are kept under educated by design and they are being fooled and mislead by the ZIOMSM about the rest of the world!

    • Replies: @Joe Levantine
  14. KA says:

    Trump administration has promised to one of many fans of MEK that it has been looking and will continue to look into ways to change the Iranian regime . One of the ways is to harness the terrorism that is embodied by MEK.

    Let’s unpack it. America ,few months back apologized or regretted for destroying the regime of Mossadegh.
    America few months back apologized to Guatemalan for changing the regime ( easily violently ) in 50s.

    Is there anything to learn here that gives hope? Absolute power corrupts absolutely .

    Next generation might end up repeating ‘ God forgive America’ instead of chanting ad nauseam – ‘ God bless America’ .

    It is nauseating .

    • Replies: @SolontoCroesus
  15. @KA

    The even greater tragedy, KA, is that the next generation are being indoctrinated by the same folks who on one day apologize and on the next day plan/carry out another regime change, without learning the lessons. The younger generation is just as corrupt and unthinking as their teachers — maybe even more corrupt: for most of the young professionals — such as a group I met recently — the primary concern is networking/career building, and if it means acquiescing to regime change, so be it.

    • Replies: @RobinG
  16. RobinG says:

    Hey S2 and KA, how about the [regime change] color revolution that’s happening here, with the drive to impeach Trump? Only it’s not really regime change, is it. It’s the Deep State (with its useful idiot Pussy Brigade) desperate to maintain status quo.

    Some people think I’m a Trump supporter. Well, I support that he’s our duly elected President, and I’m grateful for his disruption (God Bless him for “the system is rigged” and “fake news”), but I don’t like most of his policy, and he abandoned the part I did like. But it was just so euphoric to dodge Hilmonster bullet.

    What’s happening now, however, is bigger than persons or parties. The fraudulent accusations of collusion with Russia, intended to derail this administration, are an attack on our democracy and an exercise in persuasion and mind-control of our citizenry. This was underscored for me by a dreadful conversation in church this morning. When I said that I didn’t believe that “17 intelligence agencies” had proved that the Russians interfered [directly, by hacking, was the point] in our election, my interlocutor was aghast. Unable to answer in a “Christian” manner, she threw back her head and laughed. It was quite a Hillaryesque gesture.

    What preceded this was my bringing up the collaboration of the DNC, Crowdstrike, and Ukraine to slander and taint Donald Trump via accusations against Paul Manafort. Rather than cross-examine me about that or discuss it, she came back with, “How about Trump and the Russian oligarchs… ” and “How about Jared Kushner meeting the Russians..” – IN THE RUSSIAN EMBASSY !!! seemed to be enormously unforgivable in her mind – and a few other ‘How abouts.’ When none of this impressed me, she was visibly exasperated and went to the ’17 agencies,’ hoping for a knock-out blow, I guess.

    Did all this mean that she considers the DNC malfeasance insignificant? DC, and Bethesda, where this took place, are overwhelmingly Blue. Around here it’s poorly tolerated to defend Trump, or to criticize his detractors. But I didn’t realize it was verboten to expose the DNC. After all, they already know the DNC and DWS stole the primary from Bernie.

    Sadly, I turn to anonymous commenters for solace. Also, I encourage all to see the significance of the DNC chicanery, of Crowdstrike not allowing the FBI to see the DNC computers, of Ukraine collaboration. I’m not an unqualified endorser of all Lee Stranahan’s views, but he’s doing a terrific job investigating this – and he’s the only one who is! What he doesn’t say in this video: the Dems should be careful what they wish for! After Comey hearing, there will be investigation of Loretta Lynch.
    What to look for in establishment reaction to the story about Ukrainian election interference

  17. @Hans Vogel

    “The self-defeating and ultimately untenable model of the nation state was demonstrated unequivocally in 1945”
    The nation state concept was defeated by imperialistic powers through brute force. The German nation was destined to lead the world into a new world order of a different kind, where people will voluntarily associate with their kin based on shared values and culture. This concept would be the antidote to the artificial non viable current world order based on the principles of the United Nations that is nothing but a prelude to one world governance.
    In fact, the ultimate form of a genuine democracy is the nation state based on a very wide decentralization where communities could chose their core social values on matters such as abortion, gay rights, political correctness etc… without being subject to the standardization of the central government the way it is done in the EU and the USA.
    Switzerland is one model of a nation state that is the most democratic. Not a perfect democracy but surely a model for many so called democracies of the Western world to emulate.

    • Replies: @Hans Vogel
  18. @Joe Levantine

    I do not agree. Germany (1933-1945) was a nation state carried to its extreme consequences. Moreover, the fundamental concept of the nation is a romantic fallacy. There is no reason why people speaking the same language would share the same values. How else do you think civil wars could come about? Switzerland may be many things, but not a nation state. It is a federation of wildly different entities (Kantons): most speak a German dialect. some French, one Italian and one Romance. Some are calvinist. some Roman Catholic, some Lutheran etc. If language be your yardstick, only two states in Europe qualify as nation states: Portugal and Iceland. I would agree with Rousseau (a Swiss, by the way): the smaller a state, the more rights (democratic etc.) the citizens tend to have. And indeed, Iceand is the freest and most democratic state in Europe, and therefore, also in the world.

    • Replies: @Joe Levantine
  19. Rurik says: • Website

    However, in your selfish – sectarian way, you manage to blather on without a passing referral to comment # 6

    fair comment

    your points were valid and most salient

    Of Necessity, I repeat: “a VISION advocacy of how to Cure this Zionist imperialist plague

    as simple as it is complicated…

    END THE FED ! 😉

    • Replies: @Durruti
  20. @Hans Vogel

    I totally agree with you that language and religion are not what determines the commonality of people under a nation state. What I meant by shared values and culture goes into a far wider set of criterias than language and religion. Thus, I can say that the United States of America could well be two countries instead of one country as the North and South with a population that shared many cultural aspects and spoke one language went into a civil war because they basically did not agree about the same vision of a nation state. The North should have given the South the right to secede without resorting to impose union by sheer force. As matter of fact I view the North’s attitude toward the South as one of the United States worst and bloodiest imperialistic wars.
    Today, the European Union is trying to mix together a mosaic of European cultures with the same imperialistic attitudes of yesteryears and the financial collapse of Greece with the response of Germany to the crisis shows what an artificial construct this whole Union is based upon.
    This subject is too wide with many ramifications to be dealt with on the comments of this site. But one thing I can say with confidence: it is up to the people to decide what is and what is not compatible with their way of life. Any group of people who feel alienated by a more powerful majority, or by a despotic power elite, has the right to go its own way without having to resort to war and to bloodshed.

    • Replies: @Hans Vogel
  21. Miro23 says:

    This article covers a lot of ground but I would have emphasized more what ‘s happening internally in the US.

    The US can only operate in Iraq, Libya, Afghanistan, Syria (and try for Iran) because of Zionist Neo-con dominance of the US government. The public actually voted against ME wars so it’s clear that further wars are illegitimate.

    It would have been easier for the Zio-cons if HRC had been elected, but she wasn’t, so the emphasis is now on the face-off between Trump’s voters (maybe or maybe not represented by Trump) and the Zio-con/SJW alliance.

    It goes without saying that the Zio-con/SJW alliance and the Deep State aren’t Democratic, so they’ll probably make another grab for absolute power since their first Coup attempt (9/11) failed.

    How this works out seems to be the prime determinant of future ME action.

    • Replies: @RobinG
    , @Miro23
  22. RobinG says:

    SOROS / CLINTON OVERTHROW: Seeing The Matrix OR What is “Civil Society?”

  23. Miro23 says:

    And a suspicious aspect are all the recent MSM “Russia” stories.

    9/11 needed MSM preparation with Iraq WMD and Al Qaeda stories, so when the “Event” happened, the outrage could be pointed in the right direction.

    Now it looks like preparation for some Russian “Event” / False Flag – probably this time with a fabricated “Russian surprise attack” on the US military, aimed at legitimizing a US Emergency Regime dictatorship run by the Zio/Neo-con crowd.

  24. @Joe Levantine

    What you are arguing for is called democracy. It would be a good idea to try out that elusive form of government, I agree. Given the fact that today, one can do one’s banking online, the technical possibilitues to introduce direct democracy are abundantly available. Yet governments all over the world persist in maintaining power, ranging from “representative democracy” (a vicious fallacy), to medieval autocracy and all other kinds of dictatorships in between. Would that be the real reason for unleashing the fake phantom of islamic terrorism? Because in fact we are being subjected to state terror in its most extreme form. However, it is all about the age-old adage of divide and rule. Nothing new under the sun, really.

    • Replies: @Joe Levantine
  25. Durruti says:

    How to “END THE FED ! ;)”???

    That is the question. Shakespeareish

    Restoration of the Democratic Republic, the remnants of which were destroyed on November 22, 1963, and all the activity that entails, is the necessary revolutionary Yellow Brick Road (path). This path would end the Fed, and allow We The People to set up (or at least attempt to set up) something resembling a Republican Constitutional Confederation.

    Strong on Liberty, Decent on Food, water, ecology, & medical aid, capitalism, with banks nationalized, & the constitution reworked by each new Generation (Jefferson’s idea “Permanent Revolution”), Politicians paid what we average earn. Can spend $0 on campaign with equal media access. Citizens better armed than government. [you add your $.02 here].

    In Friendship.

    • Agree: bluedog
    • Replies: @Rurik
  26. @Hans Vogel

    Perfect reasoning especially as concerns the new bogeyman of Islamic terrorism. Problem, reaction, solution, with the masses falling to the sinister game that is eating away at their civil rights in favor of the police state.

  27. Iran has transitioned away from terrorism and its harsh rhetoric of the 80’s and early 90’s and is attempting to claim the mantel of being a stabilizing influence in the M.E. They are contrasting this to the U.S. who they claim (rather convincingly) are agents of chaos. The kool-aid drinkers in the U.S. can bray ‘terrorist state’ all they want but this only plays in Peoria not to anyone who lives in the M.E. and sees what is actually happening.

    The Qatar situation demonstrates this beautifully, while the KSA was asking Qatar to become a vassal and making a not so subtle threat of invasion, Iran was emphasizing the right of free commerce, sovereignty, and dialogue regarding differences.

    Is Iran taking over the M.E.? yes, but not in the way that Neocons think, they are gaining influence by showing restraint.

  28. Rurik says: • Website

    well Durruti my friend, since we’re having a discussion about what’s wrong, and what we should strive for, as I’ve mentioned.. the first thing we need to do is End the Fed !

    since I’m going to talk about that, let me first just post this little quote I just read from Orwell’s 1984, vis-à-vis those who seek power for its own sake, which is a perfect analogy to the psychopaths who own and operate the Fed/Fiend – which is the Eye of Sauron for our enslavement.

    “The Party seeks power entirely for its own sake, We are not interested in the good of others; we are interested solely in power. Not wealth or luxury or long life or happiness: only power, pure power… We are different from all the oligarchies of the past, in that we know what we are doing. All the others, even those who resembled ourselves, were cowards and hypocrites. The German Nazis and the Russian Communists came very close to us in their methods, but they never had the courage to recognize their own motives. They pretended, perhaps they even believed, that they had seized power unwillingly and for a limited time, and that just round the corner there lay a paradise where human beings would be free and equal. We are not like that. We know that no one ever seizes power with the intention of relinquishing it. Power is not a means; it is an end. One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes the revolution in order to establish the dictatorship. The object of persecution is persecution. The object of torture is torture. The object of power is power.” — from George Orwell’s 1949 novel “1984”

    the reason the things you mention will never get any traction in our future, is because the psychopaths who own the Fed don’t want them to. Quite the contrary. What they want is for the trajectory that they’ve set our civilization on to continue its course until our necks are all absolutely under their boot.

    ‘for they shall bow in obeisance to you, and with their faces in the dirt, shall lick the dust from your feet’

    Isaiah 49:23

    all we need to do is get our congress critters to pass a resolution to audit the Fed. As soon as the Fed is audited, the sheer enormity of the Biblical levels of theft, criminality and fraud will be exposed, and the Satanic swindle will be ended- and the US Treasury will simply mint the coinage that we require as outlined clearly in the US Constitution (as we did for the first hundred years of this republic). And the nefarious power of the International zio-banksters will wane with time.. as they spend their ill-gotten lucre and it dwindles without a key to the US Treasury to maintain their death-$tranglehold on the planet. Simple itz

  29. Rurik says:

    the nefarious power of the International zio-banksters with a key to the US Treasury to maintain their death-$tranglehold on the planet.

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