The Unz Review - Mobile
A Collection of Interesting, Important, and Controversial Perspectives Largely Excluded from the American Mainstream Media

Bookmark Toggle AllToCAdd to LibraryRemove from Library • BShow CommentNext New CommentNext New Reply
Current Commenter says:

Leave a Reply -


 Remember My InformationWhy?
 Email Replies to my Comment
Submitted comments become the property of The Unz Review and may be republished elsewhere at the sole discretion of the latter
Commenters to FollowHide Excerpts
By Authors Filter?
Andrei Martyanov Andrew J. Bacevich Andrew Joyce Andrew Napolitano Boyd D. Cathey Brad Griffin C.J. Hopkins Chanda Chisala Eamonn Fingleton Eric Margolis Fred Reed Godfree Roberts Gustavo Arellano Ilana Mercer Israel Shamir James Kirkpatrick James Petras James Thompson Jared Taylor JayMan John Derbyshire John Pilger Jonathan Revusky Kevin MacDonald Linh Dinh Michael Hoffman Michael Hudson Mike Whitney Nathan Cofnas Norman Finkelstein Pat Buchanan Patrick Cockburn Paul Craig Roberts Paul Gottfried Paul Kersey Peter Frost Peter Lee Philip Giraldi Philip Weiss Robert Weissberg Ron Paul Ron Unz Stephen J. Sniegoski The Saker Tom Engelhardt A. Graham Adam Hochschild Aedon Cassiel Ahmet Öncü Alexander Cockburn Alexander Hart Alfred McCoy Alison Rose Levy Alison Weir Anand Gopal Andre Damon Andrew Cockburn Andrew Fraser Andy Kroll Ann Jones Anonymous Anthony DiMaggio Ariel Dorfman Arlie Russell Hochschild Arno Develay Arnold Isaacs Artem Zagorodnov Astra Taylor Austen Layard Aviva Chomsky Ayman Fadel Barbara Ehrenreich Barbara Garson Barbara Myers Barry Lando Belle Chesler Beverly Gologorsky Bill Black Bill Moyers Bob Dreyfuss Bonnie Faulkner Brenton Sanderson Brett Redmayne-Titley Brian Dew Carl Horowitz Catherine Crump Charles Bausman Charles Goodhart Charles Wood Charlotteville Survivor Chase Madar Chris Hedges Chris Roberts Christian Appy Christopher DeGroot Chuck Spinney Coleen Rowley Cooper Sterling Craig Murray Dahr Jamail Dan E. Phillips Dan Sanchez Daniel McAdams Danny Sjursen Dave Kranzler Dave Lindorff David Barsamian David Bromwich David Chibo David Gordon David North David Vine David Walsh David William Pear Dean Baker Dennis Saffran Diana Johnstone Dilip Hiro Dirk Bezemer Ed Warner Edmund Connelly Eduardo Galeano Ellen Cantarow Ellen Packer Ellison Lodge Eric Draitser Eric Zuesse Erik Edstrom Erika Eichelberger Erin L. Thompson Eugene Girin F. Roger Devlin Franklin Lamb Frida Berrigan Friedrich Zauner Gabriel Black Gary Corseri Gary North Gary Younge Gene Tuttle George Albert George Bogdanich George Szamuely Georgianne Nienaber Glenn Greenwald Greg Grandin Greg Johnson Gregoire Chamayou Gregory Foster Gregory Hood Gregory Wilpert Guest Admin Hannah Appel Hans-Hermann Hoppe Harri Honkanen Henry Cockburn Hina Shamsi Howard Zinn Hubert Collins Hugh McInnish Ira Chernus Jack Kerwick Jack Rasmus Jack Ravenwood Jack Sen James Bovard James Carroll James Fulford Jane Lazarre Jared S. Baumeister Jason C. Ditz Jason Kessler Jay Stanley Jeff J. Brown Jeffrey Blankfort Jeffrey St. Clair Jen Marlowe Jeremiah Goulka Jeremy Cooper Jesse Mossman Jim Daniel Jim Kavanagh JoAnn Wypijewski Joe Lauria Johannes Wahlstrom John W. Dower John Feffer John Fund John Harrison Sims John Reid John Stauber John Taylor John V. Walsh John Williams Jon Else Jonathan Alan King Jonathan Anomaly Jonathan Rooper Jonathan Schell Joseph Kishore Juan Cole Judith Coburn K.R. Bolton Karel Van Wolferen Karen Greenberg Kelley Vlahos Kersasp D. Shekhdar Kevin Barrett Kevin Zeese Kshama Sawant Lance Welton Laura Gottesdiener Laura Poitras Laurent Guyénot Lawrence G. Proulx Leo Hohmann Linda Preston Logical Meme Lorraine Barlett M.G. Miles Mac Deford Maidhc O Cathail Malcolm Unwell Marcus Alethia Marcus Cicero Margaret Flowers Mark Danner Mark Engler Mark Perry Matt Parrott Mattea Kramer Matthew Harwood Matthew Richer Matthew Stevenson Max Blumenthal Max Denken Max North Maya Schenwar Michael Gould-Wartofsky Michael Schwartz Michael T. Klare Murray Polner Nan Levinson Naomi Oreskes Nate Terani Ned Stark Nelson Rosit Nicholas Stix Nick Kollerstrom Nick Turse Noam Chomsky Nomi Prins Patrick Cleburne Patrick Cloutier Paul Cochrane Paul Engler Paul Nachman Paul Nehlen Pepe Escobar Peter Brimelow Peter Gemma Peter Van Buren Pierre M. Sprey Pratap Chatterjee Publius Decius Mus Rajan Menon Ralph Nader Ramin Mazaheri Ramziya Zaripova Randy Shields Ray McGovern Razib Khan Rebecca Gordon Rebecca Solnit Richard Krushnic Richard Silverstein Rick Shenkman Rita Rozhkova Robert Baxter Robert Bonomo Robert Fisk Robert Lipsyte Robert Parry Robert Roth Robert S. Griffin Robert Scheer Robert Trivers Robin Eastman Abaya Roger Dooghy Ronald N. Neff Rory Fanning Sam Francis Sam Husseini Sayed Hasan Sharmini Peries Sheldon Richman Spencer Davenport Spencer Quinn Stefan Karganovic Steffen A. Woll Stephanie Savell Stephen J. Rossi Steve Fraser Steven Yates Sydney Schanberg Tanya Golash-Boza Ted Rall Theodore A. Postol Thierry Meyssan Thomas Frank Thomas O. Meehan Tim Shorrock Tim Weiner Tobias Langdon Todd E. Pierce Todd Gitlin Todd Miller Tom Piatak Tom Suarez Tom Sunic Tracy Rosenberg Virginia Dare Vladimir Brovkin Vox Day W. Patrick Lang Walter Block William Binney William DeBuys William Hartung William J. Astore Winslow T. Wheeler Ximena Ortiz Yan Shen
Nothing found
By Topics/Categories Filter?
2016 Election 9/11 Academia AIPAC Alt Right American Media American Military American Pravda Anti-Semitism Benjamin Netanyahu Blacks Britain China Conservative Movement Conspiracy Theories Deep State Donald Trump Economics Foreign Policy Hillary Clinton History Ideology Immigration IQ Iran ISIS Islam Israel Israel Lobby Israel/Palestine Jews Middle East Neocons Political Correctness Race/IQ Race/Ethnicity Republicans Russia Science Syria Terrorism Turkey Ukraine Vladimir Putin World War II 1971 War 2008 Election 2012 Election 2014 Election 23andMe 70th Anniversary Parade 75-0-25 Or Something A Farewell To Alms A. J. West A Troublesome Inheritance Aarab Barghouti Abc News Abdelhamid Abaaoud Abe Abe Foxman Abigail Marsh Abortion Abraham Lincoln Abu Ghraib Abu Zubaydah Academy Awards Acheivement Gap Acid Attacks Adam Schiff Addiction Adoptees Adoption Adoption Twins ADRA2b AEI Affective Empathy Affirmative Action Affordable Family Formation Afghanistan Africa African Americans African Genetics Africans Afrikaner Afrocentricism Agriculture Aha AIDS Ain't Nobody Got Time For That. Ainu Aircraft Carriers AirSea Battle Al Jazeera Al-Qaeda Alan Dershowitz Alan Macfarlane Albania Alberto Del Rosario Albion's Seed Alcohol Alcoholism Alexander Hamilton Alexandre Skirda Alexis De Tocqueville Algeria All Human Behavioral Traits Are Heritable All Traits Are Heritable Alpha Centauri Alpha Males Alt Left Altruism Amazon.com America The Beautiful American Atheists American Debt American Exceptionalism American Flag American Jews American Left American Legion American Nations American Nations American Prisons American Renaissance Americana Amerindians Amish Amish Quotient Amnesty Amnesty International Amoral Familialism Amy Chua Amygdala An Hbd Liberal Anaconda Anatoly Karlin Ancestry Ancient DNA Ancient Genetics Ancient Jews Ancient Near East Anders Breivik Andrei Nekrasov Andrew Jackson Androids Angela Stent Angelina Jolie Anglo-Saxons Ann Coulter Anne Buchanan Anne Heche Annual Country Reports On Terrorism Anthropology Antibiotics Antifa Antiquity Antiracism Antisocial Behavior Antiwar Movement Antonin Scalia Antonio Trillanes IV Anywhere But Here Apartheid Appalachia Appalachians Arab Christianity Arab Spring Arabs Archaic DNA Archaic Humans Arctic Humans Arctic Resources Argentina Argentina Default Armenians Army-McCarthy Hearings Arnon Milchan Art Arthur Jensen Artificial Intelligence As-Safir Ash Carter Ashkenazi Intelligence Ashkenazi Jews Ashraf Ghani Asia Asian Americans Asian Quotas Asians ASPM Assassinations Assimilation Assortative Mating Atheism Atlantic Council Attractiveness Attractiveness Australia Australian Aboriginals Austria Austro-Hungarian Empire Austronesians Autism Automation Avi Tuschman Avigdor Lieberman Ayodhhya Babri Masjid Baby Boom Baby Gap Baby Girl Jay Backlash Bacterial Vaginosis Bad Science Bahrain Balanced Polymorphism Balkans Baltimore Riots Bangladesh Banking Banking Industry Banking System Banks Barack H. Obama Barack Obama Barbara Comstock Bariatric Surgery Baseball Bashar Al-Assad Baumeister BDA BDS Movement Beauty Beauty Standards Behavior Genetics Behavioral Genetics Behaviorism Beijing Belgrade Embassy Bombing Believeing In Observational Studies Is Nuts Ben Cardin Ben Carson Benghazi Benjamin Cardin Berlin Wall Bernard Henri-Levy Bernard Lewis Bernie Madoff Bernie Sanders Bernies Sanders Beta Males BICOM Big Five Bilingual Education Bill 59 Bill Clinton Bill Kristol Bill Maher Billionaires Billy Graham Birds Of A Feather Birth Order Birth Rate Bisexuality Bisexuals BJP Black Americans Black Crime Black History Black Lives Matter Black Metal Black Muslims Black Panthers Black Women Attractiveness Blackface Blade Runner Blogging Blond Hair Blue Eyes Bmi Boasian Anthropology Boderlanders Boeing Boers Boiling Off Boko Haram Bolshevik Revolution Books Border Reivers Borderlander Borderlanders Boris Johnson Bosnia Boston Bomb Boston Marathon Bombing Bowe Bergdahl Boycott Divest And Sanction Boycott Divestment And Sanctions Brain Brain Scans Brain Size Brain Structure Brazil Breaking Down The Bullshit Breeder's Equation Bret Stephens Brexit Brian Boutwell Brian Resnick BRICs Brighter Brains Brighton Broken Hill Brown Eyes Bruce Jenner Bruce Lahn brussels Bryan Caplan BS Bundy Family Burakumin Burma Bush Administration C-section Cagots Caitlyn Jenner California Cambodia Cameron Russell Campaign Finance Campaign For Liberty Campus Rape Canada Canada Day Canadian Flag Canadians Cancer Candida Albicans Cannabis Capital Punishment Capitalism Captain Chicken Cardiovascular Disease Care Package Carl Sagan Carly Fiorina Caroline Glick Carroll Quigley Carry Me Back To Ole Virginny Carter Page Castes Catalonia Catholic Church Catholicism Catholics Causation Cavaliers CCTV Censorship Central Asia Chanda Chisala Charles Darwin Charles Krauthammer Charles Murray Charles Schumer Charleston Shooting Charlie Hebdo Charlie Rose Charlottesville Chechens Chechnya Cherlie Hebdo Child Abuse Child Labor Children Chimerism China/America China Stock Market Meltdown China Vietnam Chinese Chinese Communist Party Chinese Evolution Chinese Exclusion Act Chlamydia Chris Gown Chris Rock Chris Stringer Christian Fundamentalism Christianity Christmas Christopher Steele Chuck Chuck Hagel Chuck Schumer CIA Cinema Civil Liberties Civil Rights Civil War Civilian Deaths CJIA Clannishness Clans Clark-unz Selection Classical Economics Classical History Claude-Lévi-Strauss Climate Climate Change Clinton Global Initiative Cliodynamics Cloudburst Flight Clovis Cochran And Harpending Coefficient Of Relationship Cognitive Empathy Cognitive Psychology Cohorts Cold War Colin Kaepernick Colin Woodard Colombia Colonialism Colonists Coming Apart Comments Communism Confederacy Confederate Flag Conflict Of Interest Congress Consanguinity Conscientiousness Consequences Conservatism Conservatives Constitution Constitutional Theory Consumer Debt Cornel West Corporal Punishment Correlation Is Still Not Causation Corruption Corruption Perception Index Costa Concordia Cousin Marriage Cover Story CPEC Craniometry CRIF Crime Crimea Criminality Crowded Crowding Cruise Missiles Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis Cuckold Envy Cuckservative Cultural Evolution Cultural Marxism Cut The Sh*t Guys DACA Dads Vs Cads Daily Mail Dalai Lama Dallas Shooting Dalliard Dalton Trumbo Damascus Bombing Dan Freedman Dana Milbank Daniel Callahan Danish Daren Acemoglu Dark Ages Dark Tetrad Dark Triad Darwinism Data Posts David Brooks David Friedman David Frum David Goldenberg David Hackett Fischer David Ignatius David Katz David Kramer David Lane David Petraeus Davide Piffer Davos Death Death Penalty Debbie Wasserman-Schultz Debt Declaration Of Universal Human Rights Deep Sleep Deep South Democracy Democratic Party Democrats Demographic Transition Demographics Demography Denisovans Denmark Dennis Ross Depression Deprivation Deregulation Derek Harvey Desired Family Size Detroit Development Developmental Noise Developmental Stability Diabetes Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders Dialects Dick Cheney Die Nibelungen Dienekes Diet Different Peoples Is Different Dinesh D'Souza Dirty Bomb Discrimination Discrimination Paradigm Disney Dissent Diversity Dixie Django Unchained Do You Really Want To Know? Doing My Part Doll Tests Dollar Domestic Terrorism Dominique Strauss-Kahn Dopamine Douglas MacArthur Dr James Thompson Drd4 Dreams From My Father Dresden Drew Barrymore Dreyfus Affair Drinking Drone War Drones Drug Cartels Drugs Dry Counties DSM Dunning-kruger Effect Dusk In Autumn Dustin Hoffman Duterte Dylan Roof Dylann Roof Dysgenic E.O. 9066 E. O. Wilson Eagleman East Asia East Asians Eastern Europe Eastern Europeans Ebola Economic Development Economic Sanctions Economy Ed Miller Education Edward Price Edward Snowden EEA Egypt Eisenhower El Salvador Elections Electric Cars Elie Wiesel Eliot Cohen Eliot Engel Elites Ellen Walker Elliot Abrams Elliot Rodger Elliott Abrams Elon Musk Emigration Emil Kirkegaard Emmanuel Macron Emmanuel Todd Empathy England English Civil War Enhanced Interrogations Enoch Powell Entrepreneurship Environment Environmental Estrogens Environmentalism Erdogan Eric Cantor Espionage Estrogen Ethiopia Ethnic Genetic Interests Ethnic Nepotism Ethnicity EU Eugenic Eugenics Eurasia Europe European Right European Union Europeans Eurozone Everything Evil Evolution Evolutionary Biology Evolutionary Psychology Exercise Extraversion Extreterrestrials Eye Color Eyes Ezra Cohen-Watnick Face Recognition Face Shape Faces Facts Fake News fallout Family Studies Far West Farmers Farming Fascism Fat Head Fat Shaming Father Absence FBI Federal Reserve Female Deference Female Homosexuality Female Sexual Response Feminism Feminists Ferguson Shooting Fertility Fertility Fertility Rates Fethullah Gulen Fetish Feuds Fields Medals FIFA Fifty Shades Of Grey Film Finance Financial Bailout Financial Bubbles Financial Debt Financial Sector Financial Times Finland First Amendment First Law First World War FISA Fitness Flags Flight From White Fluctuating Asymmetry Flynn Effect Food Football For Profit Schools Foreign Service Fourth Of July Fracking Fragrances France Francesco Schettino Frank Salter Frankfurt School Frantz Fanon Franz Boas Fred Hiatt Fred Reed Freddie Gray Frederic Hof Free Speech Free Trade Free Will Freedom Of Navigation Freedom Of Speech French Canadians French National Front French Paradox Friendly & Conventional Front National Frost-harpending Selection Fulford Funny G G Spot Gaddafi Gallipoli Game Gardnerella Vaginalis Gary Taubes Gay Germ Gay Marriage Gays/Lesbians Gaza Gaza Flotilla Gcta Gender Gender Gender And Sexuality Gender Confusion Gender Equality Gender Identity Disorder Gender Reassignment Gene-Culture Coevolution Gene-environment Correlation General Intelligence General Social Survey General Theory Of The West Genes Genes: They Matter Bitches Genetic Diversity Genetic Divides Genetic Engineering Genetic Load Genetic Pacification Genetics Genetics Of Height Genocide Genomics Geography Geopolitics George Bush George Clooney George Patton George Romero George Soros George Tenet George W. Bush George Wallace Germ Theory German Catholics Germans Germany Get It Right Get Real Ghouta Gilgit Baltistan Gina Haspel Glenn Beck Glenn Greenwald Global Terrorism Index Global Warming Globalism Globalization God Delusion Goetsu Going Too Far Gold Gold Warriors Goldman Sachs Good Advice Google Gordon Gallup Goths Government Debt Government Incompetence Government Spending Government Surveillance Great Depression Great Leap Forward Great Recession Greater Appalachia Greece Greeks Greg Clark Greg Cochran Gregory B Christainsen Gregory Clark Gregory Cochran Gregory House GRF Grooming Group Intelligence Group Selection Grumpy Cat GSS Guangzhou Guantanamo Guardian Guilt Culture Gun Control Guns Gynephilia Gypsies H-1B H Bomb H.R. McMaster H1-B Visas Haim Saban Hair Color Hair Lengthening Haiti Hajnal Line Hamas Hamilton: An American Musical Hamilton's Rule Happiness Happy Turkey Day ... Unless You're The Turkey Harriet Tubman Harry Jaffa Harvard Harvey Weinstein Hasbara Hassidim Hate Crimes Hate Speech Hatemi Havelock Ellis Haymarket Affair Hbd Hbd Chick HBD Denial Hbd Fallout Hbd Readers Head Size Health And Medicine Health Care Healthcare Heart Disease Heart Health Heart Of Asia Conference Heartiste Heather Norton Height Helmuth Nyborg Hemoglobin Henri De Man Henry Harpending Henry Kissinger Herbert John Fleure Heredity Heritability Hexaco Hezbollah High Iq Fertility Hip Hop Hiroshima Hispanic Crime Hispanic Paradox Hispanics Historical Genetics Hitler HKND Hollywood Holocaust Homicide Homicide Rate Homo Altaiensis Homophobia Homosexuality Honesty-humility House Intelligence Committee House M.d. House Md House Of Cards Housing Huey Long Huey Newton Hugo Chavez Human Biodiversity Human Evolution Human Genetics Human Genomics Human Nature Human Rights Human Varieties Humor Hungary Hunter-Gatherers Hunting Hurricane Hurricane Harvey I.F. Stone I Kissed A Girl And I Liked It I Love Italians I.Q. Genomics Ian Deary Ibd Ibo Ice T Iceland I'd Like To Think It's Obvious I Know What I'm Talking About Ideology And Worldview Idiocracy Igbo Ignorance Ilana Mercer Illegal Immigration IMF immigrants Immigration Imperial Presidency Imperialism Imran Awan In The Electric Mist Inbreeding Income Independence Day India Indians Individualism Inequality Infection Theory Infidelity Intelligence Internet Internet Research Agency Interracial Marriage Inuit Ioannidis Ioannis Metaxas Iosif Lazaridis Iq Iq And Wealth Iran Nuclear Agreement Iran Nuclear Program Iran Sanctions Iranian Nuclear Program Iraq Iraq War Ireland Irish ISIS. Terrorism Islamic Jihad Islamophobia Isolationism Israel Defense Force Israeli Occupation Israeli Settlements Israeli Spying Italianthro Italy It's Determinism - Genetics Is Just A Part It's Not Nature And Nurture Ivanka Ivy League Iwo Eleru J. Edgar Hoover Jack Keane Jake Tapper JAM-GC Jamaica James Clapper James Comey James Fanell James Mattis James Wooley Jamie Foxx Jane Harman Jane Mayer Janet Yellen Japan Japanese Jared Diamond Jared Kushner Jared Taylor Jason Malloy JASTA Jayman Jr. Jayman's Wife Jeff Bezos Jennifer Rubin Jensen Jeremy Corbyn Jerrold Nadler Jerry Seinfeld Jesse Bering Jesuits Jewish History JFK Assassination Jill Stein Jim Crow Joe Cirincione Joe Lieberman John Allen John B. Watson John Boehner John Bolton John Brennan John Derbyshire John Durant John F. Kennedy John Hawks John Hoffecker John Kasich John Kerry John Ladue John McCain John McLaughlin John McWhorter John Mearsheimer John Tooby Joke Posts Jonathan Freedland Jonathan Pollard Joseph Lieberman Joseph McCarthy Judaism Judicial System Judith Harris Julian Assange Jute K.d. Lang Kagans Kanazawa Kashmir Katibat Al-Battar Al-Libi Katy Perry Kay Hymowitz Keith Ellison Ken Livingstone Kenneth Marcus Kennewick Man Kevin MacDonald Kevin McCarthy Kevin Mitchell Kevin Williamson KGL-9268 Khazars Kim Jong Un Kimberly Noble Kin Altruism Kin Selection Kink Kinship Kissing Kiwis Kkk Knesset Know-nothings Korea Korean War Kosovo Ku Klux Klan Kurds Kurt Campbell Labor Day Lactose Lady Gaga Language Larkana Conspiracy Larry Summers Larung Gar Las Vegas Massacre Latin America Latinos Latitude Latvia Law Law Of War Manual Laws Of Behavioral Genetics Lead Poisoning Lebanon Leda Cosmides Lee Kuan Yew Left Coast Left/Right Lenin Leo Strauss Lesbians LGBT Liberal Creationism Liberalism Liberals Libertarianism Libertarians Libya life-expectancy Life In Space Life Liberty And The Pursuit Of Happyness Lifestyle Light Skin Preference Lindsay Graham Lindsey Graham Literacy Litvinenko Lloyd Blankfein Locus Of Control Logan's Run Lombok Strait Long Ass Posts Longevity Look AHEAD Looting Lorde Love Love Dolls Lover Boys Low-carb Low-fat Low Wages LRSO Lutherans Lyndon Johnson M Factor M.g. MacArthur Awards Machiavellianism Madeleine Albright Mahmoud Abbas Maine Malacca Strait Malaysian Airlines MH17 Male Homosexuality Mamasapano Mangan Manor Manorialism Manosphere Manufacturing Mao-a Mao Zedong Maoism Maori Map Posts maps Marc Faber Marco Rubio Marijuana Marine Le Pen Mark Carney Mark Steyn Mark Warner Market Economy Marriage Martin Luther King Marwan Marwan Barghouti Marxism Mary White Ovington Masha Gessen Mass Shootings Massacre In Nice Mate Choice Mate Value Math Mathematics Maulana Bhashani Max Blumenthal Max Boot Max Brooks Mayans McCain/POW Mearsheimer-Walt Measurement Error Mega-Aggressions Mega-anlysis Megan Fox Megyn Kelly Melanin Memorial Day Mental Health Mental Illness Mental Traits Meritocracy Merkel Mesolithic Meta-analysis Meth Mexican-American War Mexico Michael Anton Michael Bloomberg Michael Flynn Michael Hudson Michael Jackson Michael Lewis Michael Morell Michael Pompeo Michael Weiss Michael Woodley Michele Bachmann Michelle Bachmann Michelle Obama Microaggressions Microcephalin Microsoft Middle Ages Mideastwire Migration Mike Huckabee Mike Pence Mike Pompeo Mike Signer Mikhail Khodorkovsky Militarized Police Military Military Pay Military Spending Milner Group Mindanao Minimum Wage Minnesota Transracial Adoption Study Minorities Minstrels Mirror Neurons Miscellaneous Misdreavus Missile Defense Mitt Romney Mixed-Race Modern Humans Mohammed Bin Salman Moldova Monogamy Moral Absolutism Moral Universalism Morality Mormons Moro Mortality Mossad Mountains Movies Moxie Mrs. Jayman MTDNA Muammar Gaddafi Multiculturalism Multiregional Model Music Muslim Muslim Ban Muslims Mutual Assured Destruction My Lai My Old Kentucky Home Myanmar Mysticism Nagasaki Nancy Segal Narendra Modi Nascar National Debt National Differences National Review National Security State National Security Strategy National Wealth Nationalism Native Americans NATO Natural Selection Nature Vs. Nurture Navy Yard Shooting Naz Shah Nazi Nazis Nazism Nbc News Nbc Nightly News Neanderthals NED Neo-Nazis Neoconservatism Neoconservatives Neoliberalism Neolithic Netherlands Neuropolitics Neuroticism Never Forget The Genetic Confound New Addition New Atheists New Cold War New England Patriots New France New French New Netherland New Qing History New Rules New Silk Road New World Order New York City New York Times Newfoundland Newt Gingrich NFL Nicaragua Canal Nicholas Sarkozy Nicholas Wade Nigeria Nightly News Nikki Haley No Free Will Nobel Prize Nobel Prized Nobosuke Kishi Nordics North Africa North Korea Northern Ireland Northwest Europe Norway NSA NSA Surveillance Nuclear Proliferation Nuclear War Nuclear Weapons Null Result Nurture Nurture Assumption Nutrition Nuts NYPD O Mio Babbino Caro Obama Obamacare Obesity Obscured American Occam's Razor Occupy Occupy Wall Street Oceania Oil Oil Industry Old Folks At Home Olfaction Oliver Stone Olympics Omega Males Ominous Signs Once You Go Black Open To Experience Openness To Experience Operational Sex Ratio Opiates Opioids Orban Organ Transplants Orlando Shooting Orthodoxy Osama Bin Laden Ottoman Empire Our Political Nature Out Of Africa Model Outbreeding Oxtr Oxytocin Paekchong Pakistan Pakistani Palatability Paleoamerindians Paleocons Paleolibertarianism Palestine Palestinians Pamela Geller Panama Canal Panama Papers Parasite Parasite Burden Parasite Manipulation Parent-child Interactions Parenting Parenting Parenting Behavioral Genetics Paris Attacks Paris Spring Parsi Paternal Investment Pathogens Patriot Act Patriotism Paul Ewald Paul Krugman Paul Lepage Paul Manafort Paul Ryan Paul Singer Paul Wolfowitz Pavel Grudinin Peace Index Peak Jobs Pearl Harbor Pedophilia Peers Peggy Seagrave Pennsylvania Pentagon Perception Management Personality Peru Peter Frost Peter Thiel Peter Turchin Phil Onderdonk Phil Rushton Philip Breedlove Philippines Physical Anthropology Pierre Van Den Berghe Pieter Van Ostaeyen Piigs Pioneer Hypothesis Pioneers PISA Pizzagate Planets Planned Parenthood Pledge Of Allegiance Pleiotropy Pol Pot Poland Police State Police Training Politics Poll Results Polls Polygenic Score Polygyny Pope Francis Population Growth Population Replacement Populism Pornography Portugal Post 199 Post 201 Post 99 Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc Post-Nationalism Pot Poverty PRC Prenatal Hormones Prescription Drugs Press Censorship Pretty Graphs Prince Bandar Priti Patel Privatization Progressives Project Plowshares Propaganda Prostitution Protestantism Proud To Be Black Psychology Psychometrics Psychopaths Psychopathy Pubertal Timing Public Schools Puerto Rico Punishment Puritans Putin Pwc Qatar Quakers Quantitative Genetics Quebec Quebecois Race Race And Crime Race And Genomics Race And Iq Race And Religion Race/Crime Race Denialism Race Riots Rachel Dolezal Rachel Maddow Racial Intelligence Racial Reality Racism Radical Islam Ralph And Coop Ralph Nader Rand Paul Randy Fine Rap Music Raqqa Rating People Rationality Raul Pedrozo Razib Khan Reaction Time Reading Real Estate Real Women Really Stop The Armchair Psychoanalysis Recep Tayyip Erdogan Reciprocal Altruism Reconstruction Red Hair Red State Blue State Red States Blue States Refugee Crisis Regional Differences Regional Populations Regression To The Mean Religion Religion Religion And Philosophy Rena Wing Renewable Energy Rentier Reprint Reproductive Strategy Republican Jesus Republican Party Responsibility Reuel Gerecht Reverend Moon Revolution Of 1905 Revolutions Rex Tillerson Richard Dawkins Richard Dyer Richard Lewontin Richard Lynn Richard Nixon Richard Pryor Richard Pryor Live On The Sunset Strip Richard Russell Rick Perry Rickets Rikishi Robert Ford Robert Kraft Robert Lindsay Robert McNamara Robert Mueller Robert Mugabe Robert Plomin Robert Putnam Robert Reich Robert Spencer Robocop Robots Roe Vs. Wade Roger Ailes Rohingya Roman Empire Rome Ron Paul Ron Unz Ronald Reagan Rooshv Rosemary Hopcroft Ross Douthat Ross Perot Rotherham Roy Moore RT International Rupert Murdoch Rural Liberals Rushton Russell Kirk Russia-Georgia War Russiagate Russian Elections 2018 Russian Hack Russian History Russian Military Russian Orthodox Church Ruth Benedict Saakashvili Sam Harris Same Sex Attraction Same-sex Marriage Same-sex Parents Samoans Samuel George Morton San Bernadino Massacre Sandra Beleza Sandusky Sandy Hook Sarah Palin Sarin Gas Satoshi Kanazawa saudi Saudi Arabia Saying What You Have To Say Scandinavia Scandinavians Scarborough Shoal Schizophrenia Science: It Works Bitches Scientism Scotch-irish Scotland Scots Irish Scott Ritter Scrabble Secession Seduced By Food Semai Senate Separating The Truth From The Nonsense Serbia Serenity Sergei Magnitsky Sergei Skripal Sex Sex Ratio Sex Ratio At Birth Sex Recognition Sex Tape Sex Work Sexism Sexual Antagonistic Selection Sexual Dimorphism Sexual Division Of Labor Sexual Fluidity Sexual Identity Sexual Maturation Sexual Orientation Sexual Selection Sexually Transmitted Diseases Seymour Hersh Shai Masot Shame Culture Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Shanghai Stock Exchange Shared Environment Shekhovstov Sheldon Adelson Shias And Sunnis Shimon Arad Shimon Peres Shinzo Abe Shmuley Boteach Shorts And Funnies Shoshana Bryen Shurat HaDin Shyness Siamak Namazi Sibel Edmonds Siberia Silicon Valley Simon Baron Cohen Singapore Single Men Single Motherhood Single Mothers Single Women Sisyphean Six Day War SJWs Skin Bleaching Skin Color Skin Tone Slate Slave Trade Slavery Slavoj Zizek Slavs SLC24A5 Sleep Slobodan Milosevic Smart Fraction Smell Smoking Snow Snyderman Social Constructs Social Justice Warriors Socialism Sociopathy Sociosexuality Solar Energy Solutions Somalia Sometimes You Don't Like The Answer South Africa South Asia South China Sea South Korea South Sudan Southern Italians Southern Poverty Law Center Soviet Union Space Space Space Program Space Race Spain Spanish Paradox Speech SPLC Sports Sputnik News Squid Ink Srebrenica Stabby Somali Staffan Stalinism Stanislas Dehaene Star Trek State Department State Formation States Rights Statins Steny Hoyer Stephan Guyenet Stephen Cohen Stephen Colbert Stephen Hadley Stephen Jay Gould Sterling Seagrave Steve Bannon Steve Sailer Steven Mnuchin Steven Pinker Still Not Free Buddy Stolen Generations Strategic Affairs Ministry Stroke Belt Student Loans Stuxnet SU-57 Sub-replacement Fertility Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Africans Subprime Mortgage Crisis Subsistence Living Suffrage Sugar Suicide Summing It All Up Supernatural Support Me Support The Jayman Supreme Court Supression Surveillance Susan Glasser Susan Rice Sweden Swiss Switzerland Syed Farook Syrian Refugees Syriza Ta-Nehisi Coates Taiwan Tale Of Two Maps Taliban Tamerlan Tsarnaev TAS2R16 Tashfeen Malik Taste Tastiness Tatars Tatu Vanhanen Tawang Tax Cuts Tax Evasion Taxes Tea Party Team Performance Technology Ted Cruz Tell Me About You Tell The Truth Terman Terman's Termites Terroris Terrorists Tesla Testosterone Thailand The 10000 Year Explosion The Bible The Breeder's Equation The Confederacy The Dark Knight The Dark Triad The Death Penalty The Deep South The Devil Is In The Details The Dustbowl The Economist The Far West The Future The Great Plains The Great Wall The Left The Left Coast The New York Times The Pursuit Of Happyness The Rock The Saker The Son Also Rises The South The Walking Dead The Washington Post The Wide Environment The World Theodore Roosevelt Theresa May Things Going Sour Third World Thomas Aquinas Thomas Friedman Thomas Perez Thomas Sowell Thomas Talhelm Thorstein Veblen Thurgood Marshall Tibet Tidewater Tiger Mom Time Preference Timmons Title IX Tobin Tax Tom Cotton Tom Naughton Tone It Down Guys Seriously Tony Blair Torture Toxoplasma Gondii TPP Traffic Traffic Fatalities Tragedy Trans-Species Polymorphism Transgender Transgenderism Transsexuals Treasury Tropical Humans Trump Trust TTIP Tuition Tulsi Gabbard Turkheimer TWA 800 Twin Study Twins Twins Raised Apart Twintuition Twitter Two Party System UKIP Ukrainian Crisis UN Security Council Unemployment Unions United Kingdom United Nations United States Universalism University Admissions Upper Paleolithic Urban Riots Ursula Gauthier Uruguay US Blacks USS Liberty Utopian Uttar Pradesh UV Uyghurs Vaginal Yeast Valerie Plame Vassopressin Vdare Veep Venezuela Veterans Administration Victor Canfield Victor Davis Hanson Victoria Nuland Victorian England Victorianism Video Games Vietnam Vietnam War Vietnamese Vikings Violence Vioxx Virginia Visa Waivers Visual Word Form Area Vitamin D Voronezh Vote Fraud Vouchers Vwfa W.E.I.R.D. W.E.I.R.D.O. Wahhabis Wall Street Walter Bodmer Wang Jing War On Christmas War On Terror Washington Post WasPage Watergate Watsoning We Are What We Are We Don't Know All The Environmental Causes Weight Loss WEIRDO Welfare Western Europe Western European Marriage Pattern Western Media Western Religion Westerns What Can You Do What's The Cause Where They're At Where's The Fallout White America White Americans White Conservative Males White Death White Helmets White Nationalist Nuttiness White Nationalists White Privilege White Slavery White Supremacy White Wife Why We Believe Hbd Wikileaks Wild Life Wilhelm Furtwangler William Browder William Buckley William D. Hamilton William Graham Sumner William McGougall WINEP Winston Churchill Women In The Workplace Woodley Effect Woodrow Wilson WORDSUM Workers Working Class Working Memory World Values Survey World War I World War Z Writing WTO X Little Miss JayLady Xhosa Xi Jinping Xinjiang Yankeedom Yankees Yazidis Yemen Yes I Am A Brother Yes I Am Liberal - But That Kind Of Liberal Yochi Dreazen You Can't Handle The Truth You Don't Know Shit Youtube Ban Yugoslavia Zbigniew Brzezinski Zhang Yimou Zika Zika Virus Zimbabwe Zionism Zombies Zones Of Thought Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Nothing found
All Commenters • My
Comments
• Followed
Commenters
All Comments / On "Capitalism"
 All Comments / On "Capitalism"
    The concept of “cognitive capitalism” was used by Yann Boutang in 2008 (modern economies are becoming more knowledge based), but I first heard it used by Heiner Rindermann in a somewhat different sense: cognitive ability is the cause of wealth. Heiner’s earliest mention of it in the title of a paper is one which we...
  • ”Cognitive capitalism”

    ”high IQ” sociopaths [ =/= than psychop] run society based on: agressivity, greed, manipulation..

    IQ = part of [human] intelligence which is required to serve the [unfair/often problematic] system: learn and apply commands and knowledges.

    knowledge as a coin to be used to serve the ”system” as well those who possess it.

    sociopaths and below-empathetic people compete one each other to ”win” at the top of social hierarchy.

    normies compete one each other to serve the ”system” which is often dominated by sociopaths/parasites and below-empathetic people, of course, the elites also have some drop of high functioning normies.

    Most humans are just like domestic dogs while elites are often composed by less-domesticated-types.

    Capitalism ALWAYS mean huge wealth to a tiny fraction of population.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Bardon Kaldian
    Re queerty -- Geez, what a massive faggotry.... Homos, it seems, don't want equality; they want live to in their own Homotopia, where everything is related to their version of sex & life...

    Supposed to be, you don’t want to live in your own kaldiantopia…

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • anonymous[402] • Disclaimer says:

    middle aged vet said: I rarely reread my comments, but I felt a little bad, after hitting “publish comment” on my latest comment on this thread, when I recollected that I may have used the verb “posted” referring to my comments on the Marginal Revolution blog, not the more accurate and humble verb “commented” — on the blog in question.

    One of my pals has read more of Shakespeare than the most Tolkien-Loving reader has ever read of Tolkien, and my young Shakespeare-loving friend has told me that it is extremely important to get verbs right, the fantastic number of textual ambiguities in the Shakespeare sources does not bother my friend much, but it is clear that one would have hoped otherwise, when so many beautiful lines were almost in question, and who knows what sounds better, when we are talking about the most empathetic words in the most empathetic order in our language. Shakespeare’s or not? The question is easily answered, or not …

    Anyway, if you are one of those people who have the gift of writing things that other people, upon reading, laugh at or cry at upon reading the words that touched their soul— if you are one of those people, you know that if you get the verbs right, then you can relax with the nouns and the participles and the adjectives. (J.D. Denniston, a scholar of whom I know nothing beyond the fact that he published the supremely useful book titled the Greek Participles – a bargain at its current price on Amazon, just saying – well, J.D.D. wrote a few paragraphs in that wonderful book that explain why small words are, in their way, as worthy of as much respect as the tallest tree in the most sacred wood is … (that last sentence was a pastiche of Wallace Stevens, just saying) (my name is life could be the name of a good book and if someone wrote the title any other way than 2 4 2 4 – well, the question is not that hard, it is nice to see that it so easily answered, if i write a book or two the name of the first book will be my name is life).

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Steve Gittelson
    Frankly, I believe you have created a number of stories in your mind, and you indulge in variations and adaptations of those stories.

    Far be it from me to concern myself with what you believe and why you believe it.

    But it does me no injury for my neighbor to say there are twenty gods or no God. It neither picks my pocket nor breaks my leg.
    --Thomas Jefferson, Notes on Virginia, 1782

    Thanks, Steve, for trying to understand. And thanks for the interesting responses.

    I am not going to ramble on here, but if you are interested, I have posted a couple hundred times as “Efim Polenov” at the Marginal Revolution blog, where I attempt to explain, again and again, in a kind-hearted and sometimes consciously foolish way, why intelligent scientists and scholars and honest citizens of our contemporary democratic world should at least feel some respect for those who claim to understand why, exactly why, we all know God loves us, even if we are ignoring that knowledge day to day (if you are a person interested in words, the Book of Proverbs, along with Isaiah, is the wonderful gentle place to which I subtly refer every single time, but it is my failing that it is not the whole Bible I refer to, every single time – Eliot was good on this intellectual (just kidding, “intellectual” is not the word that you want) type of lifelong references to books that are, as Schnabel said about musical compositions he liked, better than they can be played – Little Gidding, for example, which refers again and again to the letters of John the Apostle, when read with compassion for the poet’s failings, explains lots of my basic rhetorical tricks in the referring-to-Proverbs-and-Isaiah way. It is kind of simple and not really complicated, but accurate, which is not nothing) .

    If you are not interested in how I explain everything, that is ok too. I have a couple dozen pals who long ago professed their vows as nuns or priests or contemplatives with vows of poverty and I will ask each and every one of them to pray for each of us to understand the world better. God loves us all. Cor ad cor loquitur, dixit Deus, septimo vespertino hora (heart speaks to heart, said God, in the evening hour of the seventh day)

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Daniel Chieh
    This is also why Saudi Arabia is a superstar state now. Please.

    If you can explain how this is any manner related to my comments or your for that matter, I will address it — but as it is — it makes no sense.

    The Middle East has been the target of colonial dynamics.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @middle aged vet . . .
    Steve - I am not going to disagree with you and say you are wrong, I respect your statements and believe that you are sincere. Smarter people than me have been wrong about God for many more decades than I was.

    I have never believed in the "gods", although when I was young I thought of the ancient Roman gods with deep respect, based on the portraits of Vergilian dolphins on the plastic inflatable swimming pools of the day ("the day" being, roughly, summertime America 50 years ago, with lots of green trees and presumably lots of inflatable swimming pools, whether one lived near or far from the realm of Poseidon - for me, it was a 20 minute car ride to the ocean, but I did not own a car!!! sad, I loved the Ocean !!!!) , and based on the devastatingly accurate corn goddesses one often saw depicted, in beautifully wrought oak or pine woodwork, on the cuckoo clocks in rich people's houses, and based on the fleeting versions of Aphrodite and Apollo and Minerva one saw, depicted sculptures on the back of the stages of plays that almost everybody but me has mostly forgotten, on TV or at the local college theater, back in the day, or in other venues, maybe in the atrium of the college library or maybe on the local village green ....

    But I do believe in God, and I have no reason to believe that God does not need the help of people like you.

    He can do without my help, of course, I lived decades and decades thinking that I knew for certain, and was ok with that, that I could only know the silence of God, even though I knew who He was. But every once in a while I remembered those days when God looked at me with those innocent stupid eyes of His and with that unmatchable empathy of His which I now know is his trademark for most of us (days before I was born, maybe, or when I was uneducated, very uneducated, or days when I faced the prospect of likely death (only 30 or 40 days in my first four decades, but that is still a lot) or days when I faced the likelihood of chronic disease - well, the sort of days we all face, sooner or later) and then I remembered, with a start, that the silence was because I did not want to help Him as much as he would have liked me to. The silence was not because He wanted me to spend a moment thinking he could be silent! Not at all! He was innocent but not stupid, and his empathy was not just what I used to think of as empathy but it was a truth that I ought to have shared as best I could! And,at times, in my humble way, I did: as God is my witness, I tried. That was long ago, yesterday is so long ago to people like us, Steve, remembering the truths of mathematics and arithmetic.

    (What follows is a paragraph of run-on sentences. Please read those sentences, imagining how much better you could have written them: thanks....) It is no small thing to say I did not understand God until I understood that he needed my friendship -
    and it is no small thing to say that once I understood that I remembered every single human interaction I had ever had that demonstrated the truth that, in fact, not only did Adam and Eve and all that gang live real lives, long ago, but also the truth that I, and almost every one I will ever talk to, except them, is older than them, in their fantastic youth: well, once I understood that, I realized that Adam was no myth and Eve was no myth, they may not have felt much of a need to talk to me but if they only knew how many funny stories I could tell them about their grandchildren - well, you know how you go to a party and at first it is kind of awkward and an hour or two later everyone is talking as if they had been friends forever? Like I said, sometime you feel you knew them when they were a lot younger than they are. Memories and all that, and hope.

    Just saying. I have been wrong before. But come on, don't you remember a party that was that good, or almost that good?

    Frankly, I believe you have created a number of stories in your mind, and you indulge in variations and adaptations of those stories.

    Far be it from me to concern myself with what you believe and why you believe it.

    But it does me no injury for my neighbor to say there are twenty gods or no God. It neither picks my pocket nor breaks my leg.
    –Thomas Jefferson, Notes on Virginia, 1782

    Read More
    • Replies: @middle aged vet . . .
    Thanks, Steve, for trying to understand. And thanks for the interesting responses.

    I am not going to ramble on here, but if you are interested, I have posted a couple hundred times as "Efim Polenov" at the Marginal Revolution blog, where I attempt to explain, again and again, in a kind-hearted and sometimes consciously foolish way, why intelligent scientists and scholars and honest citizens of our contemporary democratic world should at least feel some respect for those who claim to understand why, exactly why, we all know God loves us, even if we are ignoring that knowledge day to day (if you are a person interested in words, the Book of Proverbs, along with Isaiah, is the wonderful gentle place to which I subtly refer every single time, but it is my failing that it is not the whole Bible I refer to, every single time - Eliot was good on this intellectual (just kidding, "intellectual" is not the word that you want) type of lifelong references to books that are, as Schnabel said about musical compositions he liked, better than they can be played - Little Gidding, for example, which refers again and again to the letters of John the Apostle, when read with compassion for the poet's failings, explains lots of my basic rhetorical tricks in the referring-to-Proverbs-and-Isaiah way. It is kind of simple and not really complicated, but accurate, which is not nothing) .

    If you are not interested in how I explain everything, that is ok too. I have a couple dozen pals who long ago professed their vows as nuns or priests or contemplatives with vows of poverty and I will ask each and every one of them to pray for each of us to understand the world better. God loves us all. Cor ad cor loquitur, dixit Deus, septimo vespertino hora (heart speaks to heart, said God, in the evening hour of the seventh day)

    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Steve Gittelson

    There is no evidence, beyond evidence that only, so far, “appears” to be evidence, and which may or may not be reliable, that the universe is unbounded outside of evidence that can be called “negative inference”.
     
    The universe appears to be unbounded. That is, there is no evidence that it is bounded. I find the concept of an unbounded universe to be much preferable to that of a bounded universe. An unbounded universe is philosophically pleasing; a bounded universe requires inventive explanation as to why, how, and to what extent it is bounded, and by what barriers, containers, or energies it is bounded. If I were a creator-god, I would have willed it into existence as infinite and eternal.

    I cannot believe the Adam/Eve story, any more than I could believe any of the many creation myths human societies have invented, from Aramaic to Zoroastrian. Primitive human societies were just that: primitive. They lacked sophistication of concept, but apparently literature as novel-form came naturally. That's a joke. I make many little jokes.

    I worry very little about gods. I have my own problems, and they have theirs. One must assume the gods can handle their own problems -- doubtlessly much better than we do ours.

    Steve – I am not going to disagree with you and say you are wrong, I respect your statements and believe that you are sincere. Smarter people than me have been wrong about God for many more decades than I was.

    I have never believed in the “gods”, although when I was young I thought of the ancient Roman gods with deep respect, based on the portraits of Vergilian dolphins on the plastic inflatable swimming pools of the day (“the day” being, roughly, summertime America 50 years ago, with lots of green trees and presumably lots of inflatable swimming pools, whether one lived near or far from the realm of Poseidon – for me, it was a 20 minute car ride to the ocean, but I did not own a car!!! sad, I loved the Ocean !!!!) , and based on the devastatingly accurate corn goddesses one often saw depicted, in beautifully wrought oak or pine woodwork, on the cuckoo clocks in rich people’s houses, and based on the fleeting versions of Aphrodite and Apollo and Minerva one saw, depicted sculptures on the back of the stages of plays that almost everybody but me has mostly forgotten, on TV or at the local college theater, back in the day, or in other venues, maybe in the atrium of the college library or maybe on the local village green ….

    But I do believe in God, and I have no reason to believe that God does not need the help of people like you.

    He can do without my help, of course, I lived decades and decades thinking that I knew for certain, and was ok with that, that I could only know the silence of God, even though I knew who He was. But every once in a while I remembered those days when God looked at me with those innocent stupid eyes of His and with that unmatchable empathy of His which I now know is his trademark for most of us (days before I was born, maybe, or when I was uneducated, very uneducated, or days when I faced the prospect of likely death (only 30 or 40 days in my first four decades, but that is still a lot) or days when I faced the likelihood of chronic disease – well, the sort of days we all face, sooner or later) and then I remembered, with a start, that the silence was because I did not want to help Him as much as he would have liked me to. The silence was not because He wanted me to spend a moment thinking he could be silent! Not at all! He was innocent but not stupid, and his empathy was not just what I used to think of as empathy but it was a truth that I ought to have shared as best I could! And,at times, in my humble way, I did: as God is my witness, I tried. That was long ago, yesterday is so long ago to people like us, Steve, remembering the truths of mathematics and arithmetic.

    (What follows is a paragraph of run-on sentences. Please read those sentences, imagining how much better you could have written them: thanks….) It is no small thing to say I did not understand God until I understood that he needed my friendship –
    and it is no small thing to say that once I understood that I remembered every single human interaction I had ever had that demonstrated the truth that, in fact, not only did Adam and Eve and all that gang live real lives, long ago, but also the truth that I, and almost every one I will ever talk to, except them, is older than them, in their fantastic youth: well, once I understood that, I realized that Adam was no myth and Eve was no myth, they may not have felt much of a need to talk to me but if they only knew how many funny stories I could tell them about their grandchildren – well, you know how you go to a party and at first it is kind of awkward and an hour or two later everyone is talking as if they had been friends forever? Like I said, sometime you feel you knew them when they were a lot younger than they are. Memories and all that, and hope.

    Just saying. I have been wrong before. But come on, don’t you remember a party that was that good, or almost that good?

    Read More
    • Replies: @Steve Gittelson
    Frankly, I believe you have created a number of stories in your mind, and you indulge in variations and adaptations of those stories.

    Far be it from me to concern myself with what you believe and why you believe it.

    But it does me no injury for my neighbor to say there are twenty gods or no God. It neither picks my pocket nor breaks my leg.
    --Thomas Jefferson, Notes on Virginia, 1782
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @EliteCommInc.
    Colonial practice is not "macro-parasiticism". The colonial practices of japan and Europe engage practices of complete ownership of resources, not siphoning off the wealth of others.

    A different model entirely.

    This is also why Saudi Arabia is a superstar state now. Please.

    Read More
    • Replies: @EliteCommInc.
    If you can explain how this is any manner related to my comments or your for that matter, I will address it -- but as it is -- it makes no sense.

    The Middle East has been the target of colonial dynamics.

    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Daniel Chieh
    No, if "macro-parasiticism" as has been called entirely accounted for wealth in the world, then the Mongols and Umayyads would be the great civilizations on Earth.

    They are not.

    Colonial practice is not “macro-parasiticism”. The colonial practices of japan and Europe engage practices of complete ownership of resources, not siphoning off the wealth of others.

    A different model entirely.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Daniel Chieh
    This is also why Saudi Arabia is a superstar state now. Please.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @phil
    For those who still believe that group differences in socioeconomic outcomes (S) are largely explained by skin color and racial discrimination ('colorism'), note the following results for major racial groups in the Americas (North, Central, and South):

    Fuerst and Kirkegaard 2016 (regional units within the Americas):

    Correlation between S and skin reflectance: 0.60
    Correlation between S and skin reflectance, controlling for genomic ancestry: 0.19


    Ruiz-Linares et. al 2014 (individuals in the Americas)

    Correlation between S and self-identified race: 0.52
    Correlation between S and self-identified race, controlling for genomic ancestry: 0.08

    For those who want to follow up on this, the Fuerst and Kirkegaard 2016 results are in Section 14 and Table 48 of https://www.researchgate.net/publication/298214364_Admixture_in_the_Americas_Regional_and_National_Differences
    Note that the cognitive ability correlations are similar at 0.62 and 0.18.

    Table 49 has even stronger evidence rejecting a culture hypothesis (European identity controlled for European ancestry) for both S and CA.

    Section 18 and Table 58 have correlations (within the US) for S and CA with parasite load with and without control for European ancestry.

    More at https://osf.io/78nvf/

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @middle aged vet . . .
    Steve G. that was a very eloquent comment, sometimes I think I read too many comments on too many comment threads and then I read a really well written one like that.

    That being said, and feel free, or course, to ignore this, here are some related thoughts:

    you stated "in an unbounded universe":

    There is no evidence, beyond evidence that only, so far, "appears" to be evidence, and which may or may not be reliable, that the universe is unbounded outside of evidence that can be called "negative inference".

    That being said, according to an impressively well written popular science book I recently read, there probably is reliable, measured, and accurate evidence that if the universe is not unbounded, it is still (or nevertheless, if you prefer) approximately at least 1,000 times as large as the Hubble Sphere (so if the universe is finite, it is still approximately big enough that our 26 billion wide observable part of it is one thousandth of it). (Shing-Tung Yau and Steve Nadis are my source for this, and they are quoting an unpublished interview with Max Tegmark, on page 1 of "The Shape of Inner Space" (Basic Books, 2010). To quote: "the Hubble volume we see is just one out of at least one thousand such volumes that must exist."

    So your assessment stands, because the randomness of "an unbounded universe" and the randomness of a universe that is a thousand times as large as the Hubble volume are, for deductive purposes, almost indistinguishable over the recent time frame of SETI exploration.

    That being said, please recognize that it is possible that the universe is just a few thousand years old, that Adam and Eve spent some time in the Garden of Eden, and that miracles have occurred, and will continue to occur, because such possibilities are not inconsistent with anything anybody has ever discovered. Heart speaks to heart, after all, cor ad cor loquitur.

    This next paragraph is long, but I do think it makes sense. Please be indulgent, and try to remember I am discussing things I have learned from people who are much smarter than myself: .... Yes you might think: but Science! but Evidence! and I would reply: I have no doubt that the stars we see are just as far away as they seem, and that the cosmic distance ladder (Rowan-Robinson's book was one of the best books on the subject) is a Real Thing: but when people wax on about how awesomely large the universe is, I - who 50 years ago decided that, since the best physicists did not look on other physicists as people who understood the world but just people who worked on problems - and they were right! - well I decided it would be just as much fun to wait around and see what they discovered as to do it myself, and I decided to try and understand people, which is the task of a lifetime, just as the task of understanding physics is the task of a lifetime. And when you understand people, you ask yourself, at the end of the day - what makes more sense than Adam and Eve? Why wouldn't there actually be a Fish that kept Jonah alive for 3 days? (and I did read enough Newton and Gauss and Euler to understand that, no, the night sky is not awesomely large - it is just big enough to be big enough to produce, by the actual and confirmed processes we know, the type of things that are necessary for a complex mind - supernova-remnant complex molecules, et cetera, you know what I am talking about). (For the record, I realize that this paragraph is not written in a way that can be understood the first time through. Please read it twice. I said that science is real and that cosmological measurements are accurate but then I said that physicists do not progress by "learning more about everything" but by working on finite problems. People are more complex than the universe, and understanding people leads to the conclusion that every word of the Bible is true. Yes, just as much as millions of Americans watched some HBO show last week, fascinated and entertained, even so Jonah spent a couple days in the belly of a fish, except HBO is there for money, Jonah was there for the truth.)

    To change the subject, Greg Cochran is a go-to guy on why advanced civilizations "do not self-destruct", he has described why our perceptions of the world reach, or tend to, a healthy equilibrium, because that is how our consciousness functions (in a post that I have not been able to find), and he has also said a lot of true things (in my humble opinion) about how civilizations (and, even in the last 4,000 years that I think we have lived, and a fortiori in the dozens of thousands of years Cochran thinks modern humans have lived), there have been a lot of civilizations, not the ten or twenty you might think if you just think of "Roman" and "Hittite" and "Babylonian" and "Chinese" and so on, but exponentially more than that.

    Thanks for reading. I am not a performance artist I really think Adam and Eve loved each other, and had those bickering children we read about. Sad! But also, if I am right, felix peccatum (oh happy fault) = the world is a better place than the most enthusiastic and most gifted mere scientist would feel comfortable claiming that it is. ((**God loves us the way we are, even the physicists, but loves us too much to let us stay that way**)) (a slightly modified quote from "Junebug", a movie from a decade or two ago).

    There is no evidence, beyond evidence that only, so far, “appears” to be evidence, and which may or may not be reliable, that the universe is unbounded outside of evidence that can be called “negative inference”.

    The universe appears to be unbounded. That is, there is no evidence that it is bounded. I find the concept of an unbounded universe to be much preferable to that of a bounded universe. An unbounded universe is philosophically pleasing; a bounded universe requires inventive explanation as to why, how, and to what extent it is bounded, and by what barriers, containers, or energies it is bounded. If I were a creator-god, I would have willed it into existence as infinite and eternal.

    I cannot believe the Adam/Eve story, any more than I could believe any of the many creation myths human societies have invented, from Aramaic to Zoroastrian. Primitive human societies were just that: primitive. They lacked sophistication of concept, but apparently literature as novel-form came naturally. That’s a joke. I make many little jokes.

    I worry very little about gods. I have my own problems, and they have theirs. One must assume the gods can handle their own problems — doubtlessly much better than we do ours.

    Read More
    • Replies: @middle aged vet . . .
    Steve - I am not going to disagree with you and say you are wrong, I respect your statements and believe that you are sincere. Smarter people than me have been wrong about God for many more decades than I was.

    I have never believed in the "gods", although when I was young I thought of the ancient Roman gods with deep respect, based on the portraits of Vergilian dolphins on the plastic inflatable swimming pools of the day ("the day" being, roughly, summertime America 50 years ago, with lots of green trees and presumably lots of inflatable swimming pools, whether one lived near or far from the realm of Poseidon - for me, it was a 20 minute car ride to the ocean, but I did not own a car!!! sad, I loved the Ocean !!!!) , and based on the devastatingly accurate corn goddesses one often saw depicted, in beautifully wrought oak or pine woodwork, on the cuckoo clocks in rich people's houses, and based on the fleeting versions of Aphrodite and Apollo and Minerva one saw, depicted sculptures on the back of the stages of plays that almost everybody but me has mostly forgotten, on TV or at the local college theater, back in the day, or in other venues, maybe in the atrium of the college library or maybe on the local village green ....

    But I do believe in God, and I have no reason to believe that God does not need the help of people like you.

    He can do without my help, of course, I lived decades and decades thinking that I knew for certain, and was ok with that, that I could only know the silence of God, even though I knew who He was. But every once in a while I remembered those days when God looked at me with those innocent stupid eyes of His and with that unmatchable empathy of His which I now know is his trademark for most of us (days before I was born, maybe, or when I was uneducated, very uneducated, or days when I faced the prospect of likely death (only 30 or 40 days in my first four decades, but that is still a lot) or days when I faced the likelihood of chronic disease - well, the sort of days we all face, sooner or later) and then I remembered, with a start, that the silence was because I did not want to help Him as much as he would have liked me to. The silence was not because He wanted me to spend a moment thinking he could be silent! Not at all! He was innocent but not stupid, and his empathy was not just what I used to think of as empathy but it was a truth that I ought to have shared as best I could! And,at times, in my humble way, I did: as God is my witness, I tried. That was long ago, yesterday is so long ago to people like us, Steve, remembering the truths of mathematics and arithmetic.

    (What follows is a paragraph of run-on sentences. Please read those sentences, imagining how much better you could have written them: thanks....) It is no small thing to say I did not understand God until I understood that he needed my friendship -
    and it is no small thing to say that once I understood that I remembered every single human interaction I had ever had that demonstrated the truth that, in fact, not only did Adam and Eve and all that gang live real lives, long ago, but also the truth that I, and almost every one I will ever talk to, except them, is older than them, in their fantastic youth: well, once I understood that, I realized that Adam was no myth and Eve was no myth, they may not have felt much of a need to talk to me but if they only knew how many funny stories I could tell them about their grandchildren - well, you know how you go to a party and at first it is kind of awkward and an hour or two later everyone is talking as if they had been friends forever? Like I said, sometime you feel you knew them when they were a lot younger than they are. Memories and all that, and hope.

    Just saying. I have been wrong before. But come on, don't you remember a party that was that good, or almost that good?

    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @EliteCommInc.
    Just an observation --- there's no way to accurately assess the impact of human capital as described in this article, when the societies have engaged in social maldistribution of access to said foundations of the capital in question.


    Europe's wealth during the Victorian age is the direct result of hoarding and managing resources derived from other countries and not investing human or material capital in the same.


    In the US the wealth of the country at one period was derived from the slave trade up to 50% It's hard to calculate the value of human capital under conditions when the human capital was slavery.

    Slipping in the Wealth of Nations in this scenario is to misunderstand what Adam Smith explicated which was to vest human capital and worth based ion fair an honest dealings - one's resources as a market value from which they derive profit.

    In fact what is being assessed her is the consequence of short term gain. King Leopold's privatizing of the Congo under what was essentially a money laundering schema by which to protect profits of illegal, untoward and altogether unsavory business practices could hardly assessed as some manner of naturally occurring human capital of thinking human beings seeking to better that region from which the wealth was derived.

    How one defines human capital matters.And even if one wanted label intelligence or material -- that it was not invested as understood in this article or at the time strongly suggests.

    _______________

    Maybe I am just jealous. But acknowledging that investing in people's intellectual, social and personal investiture is beneficial for one's country hardly sounds all that ground breaking.

    No, if “macro-parasiticism” as has been called entirely accounted for wealth in the world, then the Mongols and Umayyads would be the great civilizations on Earth.

    They are not.

    Read More
    • Replies: @EliteCommInc.
    Colonial practice is not "macro-parasiticism". The colonial practices of japan and Europe engage practices of complete ownership of resources, not siphoning off the wealth of others.

    A different model entirely.

    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Fredtard
    And therein lies the rub. Adam Smith's calling out of prudence as the key virtue was more than prescient. Superior intelligence has led to greater ability to employ technology to extract/exploit and militarily/economically control resources. But resources, even cognitive ones, are finite.

    Are we affluent, industrious, and intelligent societies too lacking in humility, to enamored of our string of successes conquering nature and nations, that we can not or will not admit to and/or deal with the rapidly approaching ecological collapse that is closing in on all sides? Deny if you must, but the dire warnings are all around us. My cataloguing them won't wake anyone up whose basic worldview doesn't want to countenance the harsh realities.

    Maybe we're too smart for our own good, or at a minimum lack the capacity to adequately address the slowly approaching existential issues. Global warming and the so far unresolved national debt crisis are two examples of failure to act. My favored answer to Fermi's paradox is the one which posits that all advanced civilizations self-destruct(ed).

    Too bad hope and faith are neither intelligent nor prudent.

    My leanings are somewhere between libertarian and conservative, but I drove past a garbage mountain the other day, one of those you can smell for miles, and my first thought was that externalities make it possible for too many people to buy too many things they could not afford if they were on the hook for the entire lifecycle of the product.

    If we did true capitalism and had an ethical government that really cared about proper stewardship of the planet and its resources and life-forms, there would be a collapse of economic life as we know it. Maybe, like Ike and the concentration camps, we should parade the citizenry frequently past the garbage mountains, and then show how much worse it is in the developing world where they care even less.

    To the point about global warming, the science is junk, but it does at least approach addressing the externality of carbon waste. But as we go deeper into the solar minimum we have entered, we’ll probably wish we had triggered more global warming.

    In any case, we need to reduce waste and pollution.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • “North America … $47,094, Northern Europe $35,308, Australia $25,438″: I’ve lived in Australia, in two different states. Those numbers aren’t remotely representative of the Australia I knew. So much so that I wonder whether there’s typo and the last number should be $35,438.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @phil
    For those who still believe that group differences in socioeconomic outcomes (S) are largely explained by skin color and racial discrimination ('colorism'), note the following results for major racial groups in the Americas (North, Central, and South):

    Fuerst and Kirkegaard 2016 (regional units within the Americas):

    Correlation between S and skin reflectance: 0.60
    Correlation between S and skin reflectance, controlling for genomic ancestry: 0.19


    Ruiz-Linares et. al 2014 (individuals in the Americas)

    Correlation between S and self-identified race: 0.52
    Correlation between S and self-identified race, controlling for genomic ancestry: 0.08

    Slight amendment to the previous comment:
    For those who still believe that group differences in socioeconomic outcomes (S) are largely explained by skin color and racial discrimination (‘colorism’), note the following results for major racial groups in the Americas (North, Central, and South):

    Fuerst and Kirkegaard 2016 (regional units within the Americas):

    Correlation between S and skin reflectance: 0.60
    Correlation between S and skin reflectance, controlling for genomic ancestry: 0.19

    Ruiz-Linares et. al 2014 (nations within the Americas)

    Correlation between S and self-identified race: 0.52
    Correlation between S and self-identified race, controlling for genomic ancestry: 0.08

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • For those who still believe that group differences in socioeconomic outcomes (S) are largely explained by skin color and racial discrimination (‘colorism’), note the following results for major racial groups in the Americas (North, Central, and South):

    Fuerst and Kirkegaard 2016 (regional units within the Americas):

    Correlation between S and skin reflectance: 0.60
    Correlation between S and skin reflectance, controlling for genomic ancestry: 0.19

    Ruiz-Linares et. al 2014 (individuals in the Americas)

    Correlation between S and self-identified race: 0.52
    Correlation between S and self-identified race, controlling for genomic ancestry: 0.08

    Read More
    • Replies: @phil
    Slight amendment to the previous comment:
    For those who still believe that group differences in socioeconomic outcomes (S) are largely explained by skin color and racial discrimination (‘colorism’), note the following results for major racial groups in the Americas (North, Central, and South):

    Fuerst and Kirkegaard 2016 (regional units within the Americas):

    Correlation between S and skin reflectance: 0.60
    Correlation between S and skin reflectance, controlling for genomic ancestry: 0.19

    Ruiz-Linares et. al 2014 (nations within the Americas)

    Correlation between S and self-identified race: 0.52
    Correlation between S and self-identified race, controlling for genomic ancestry: 0.08
    , @res
    For those who want to follow up on this, the Fuerst and Kirkegaard 2016 results are in Section 14 and Table 48 of https://www.researchgate.net/publication/298214364_Admixture_in_the_Americas_Regional_and_National_Differences
    Note that the cognitive ability correlations are similar at 0.62 and 0.18.

    Table 49 has even stronger evidence rejecting a culture hypothesis (European identity controlled for European ancestry) for both S and CA.

    Section 18 and Table 58 have correlations (within the US) for S and CA with parasite load with and without control for European ancestry.

    More at https://osf.io/78nvf/
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Steve Gittelson

    My favored answer to Fermi’s paradox is the one which posits that all advanced civilizations self-destruct(ed).
     
    The response to that position is "truly advanced civilizations do not self-destruct".

    Fermi's paradox really isn't. In an unbounded Universe, the probability that any advanced civilization will encounter another advanced civilization is random, at best.

    And don't forget: probability has yet to be a cause of anything at all.

    Steve G. that was a very eloquent comment, sometimes I think I read too many comments on too many comment threads and then I read a really well written one like that.

    That being said, and feel free, or course, to ignore this, here are some related thoughts:

    you stated “in an unbounded universe”:

    There is no evidence, beyond evidence that only, so far, “appears” to be evidence, and which may or may not be reliable, that the universe is unbounded outside of evidence that can be called “negative inference”.

    That being said, according to an impressively well written popular science book I recently read, there probably is reliable, measured, and accurate evidence that if the universe is not unbounded, it is still (or nevertheless, if you prefer) approximately at least 1,000 times as large as the Hubble Sphere (so if the universe is finite, it is still approximately big enough that our 26 billion wide observable part of it is one thousandth of it). (Shing-Tung Yau and Steve Nadis are my source for this, and they are quoting an unpublished interview with Max Tegmark, on page 1 of “The Shape of Inner Space” (Basic Books, 2010). To quote: “the Hubble volume we see is just one out of at least one thousand such volumes that must exist.”

    So your assessment stands, because the randomness of “an unbounded universe” and the randomness of a universe that is a thousand times as large as the Hubble volume are, for deductive purposes, almost indistinguishable over the recent time frame of SETI exploration.

    That being said, please recognize that it is possible that the universe is just a few thousand years old, that Adam and Eve spent some time in the Garden of Eden, and that miracles have occurred, and will continue to occur, because such possibilities are not inconsistent with anything anybody has ever discovered. Heart speaks to heart, after all, cor ad cor loquitur.

    This next paragraph is long, but I do think it makes sense. Please be indulgent, and try to remember I am discussing things I have learned from people who are much smarter than myself: …. Yes you might think: but Science! but Evidence! and I would reply: I have no doubt that the stars we see are just as far away as they seem, and that the cosmic distance ladder (Rowan-Robinson’s book was one of the best books on the subject) is a Real Thing: but when people wax on about how awesomely large the universe is, I – who 50 years ago decided that, since the best physicists did not look on other physicists as people who understood the world but just people who worked on problems – and they were right! – well I decided it would be just as much fun to wait around and see what they discovered as to do it myself, and I decided to try and understand people, which is the task of a lifetime, just as the task of understanding physics is the task of a lifetime. And when you understand people, you ask yourself, at the end of the day – what makes more sense than Adam and Eve? Why wouldn’t there actually be a Fish that kept Jonah alive for 3 days? (and I did read enough Newton and Gauss and Euler to understand that, no, the night sky is not awesomely large – it is just big enough to be big enough to produce, by the actual and confirmed processes we know, the type of things that are necessary for a complex mind – supernova-remnant complex molecules, et cetera, you know what I am talking about). (For the record, I realize that this paragraph is not written in a way that can be understood the first time through. Please read it twice. I said that science is real and that cosmological measurements are accurate but then I said that physicists do not progress by “learning more about everything” but by working on finite problems. People are more complex than the universe, and understanding people leads to the conclusion that every word of the Bible is true. Yes, just as much as millions of Americans watched some HBO show last week, fascinated and entertained, even so Jonah spent a couple days in the belly of a fish, except HBO is there for money, Jonah was there for the truth.)

    To change the subject, Greg Cochran is a go-to guy on why advanced civilizations “do not self-destruct”, he has described why our perceptions of the world reach, or tend to, a healthy equilibrium, because that is how our consciousness functions (in a post that I have not been able to find), and he has also said a lot of true things (in my humble opinion) about how civilizations (and, even in the last 4,000 years that I think we have lived, and a fortiori in the dozens of thousands of years Cochran thinks modern humans have lived), there have been a lot of civilizations, not the ten or twenty you might think if you just think of “Roman” and “Hittite” and “Babylonian” and “Chinese” and so on, but exponentially more than that.

    Thanks for reading. I am not a performance artist I really think Adam and Eve loved each other, and had those bickering children we read about. Sad! But also, if I am right, felix peccatum (oh happy fault) = the world is a better place than the most enthusiastic and most gifted mere scientist would feel comfortable claiming that it is. ((**God loves us the way we are, even the physicists, but loves us too much to let us stay that way**)) (a slightly modified quote from “Junebug”, a movie from a decade or two ago).

    Read More
    • Replies: @Steve Gittelson

    There is no evidence, beyond evidence that only, so far, “appears” to be evidence, and which may or may not be reliable, that the universe is unbounded outside of evidence that can be called “negative inference”.
     
    The universe appears to be unbounded. That is, there is no evidence that it is bounded. I find the concept of an unbounded universe to be much preferable to that of a bounded universe. An unbounded universe is philosophically pleasing; a bounded universe requires inventive explanation as to why, how, and to what extent it is bounded, and by what barriers, containers, or energies it is bounded. If I were a creator-god, I would have willed it into existence as infinite and eternal.

    I cannot believe the Adam/Eve story, any more than I could believe any of the many creation myths human societies have invented, from Aramaic to Zoroastrian. Primitive human societies were just that: primitive. They lacked sophistication of concept, but apparently literature as novel-form came naturally. That's a joke. I make many little jokes.

    I worry very little about gods. I have my own problems, and they have theirs. One must assume the gods can handle their own problems -- doubtlessly much better than we do ours.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Rindermann’s most cited paper with which he crossed to the “other, the dark or deplorable side” is :

    The g-Factor of International Cognitive Ability Comparisons: The Homogeneity of Results in PISA, TIMSS, PIRLS and IQ-Tests Across Nations, Eur. J. Pers. 21: 667–706 (2007).

    http://emilkirkegaard.dk/en/wp-content/uploads/The-g-factor-of-international-cognitive-ability-comparisons-the-homogeneity-of-results-in-PISA-TIMSS-PIRLS-and-IQ-tests-across-nations.pdf

    which he wrote 10 years after his Ph.D and 2 years after his habilitation, meaning that his professional position was already secured and presumably safe.

    I have looked through the paper. It is really trivial yet it has over 300 citations. He gets high correlations among various tests including IQ’s compiled by Lynn (there are some tests that do not correlate well with others, see Table 1). The chief reason for it is because his lists must contain the full range defining countries like Singapore and Yemen. When not so long ago A. Karlin showed a list of PIAAC 2012 scores that he scaled to make it look like quasi IQ (Russia looked very smart on this list) he did not have poor countries on it. I calculated a correlation between his list and Lynn’s IQs and it was merely 0.24 which means IQ explains only 6% of variance of PIAAC scores and vice versa PIAA explains 6% of IQ variance:

    http://www.unz.com/akarlin/iq-in-time-and-space/#comment-2197150

    http://www.unz.com/akarlin/iq-in-time-and-space/#comment-2197201

    It would be more interesting to look at PISA or TIMMS results over longer period of time and see how various countries go up und down depending on their education policies, economic successes and failures. Some countries go up and down on the lists. These countries can be used to undermine the claims that test score results are racially driven.

    One more thing, I do not understand Rindermann’s exercise of extracting some “g-factor” for this battery of tests. It does not contribute anything.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • You cannot consider Adam Smith’s theory without considering a ventral point concerning human capital

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @res
    Sounds like a great book. Just ordered a copy. Thanks! Do you know how much of the data he uses for the analysis is publicly available?

    Thanks for this insight:

    Another misunderstanding is the Nazi attitude to intelligence testing: in fact, the Nazis were opposed to intelligence research, which they saw as an instrument of “Jewry”. They specially opposed the concept of intelligence as a “one-dimensional dimension” and as “one common central factor”. They wanted measures of “realism” and “conscientiousness”, not what they regarded as “theoretical intelligence” and “intellectualism”. They favoured “practical intelligence”. In their view, general intelligence did not exist. Odd, isn’t it, that these views, a commonplace today among those who reject intelligence research, should be so similar to the Nazi position.
     
    The US Amazon page for the book: https://www.amazon.com/Cognitive-Capitalism-Capital-Wellbeing-Nations/dp/1107651085
    has an interesting review by Volkmar Weiss. He wrote Wikipedia reference 19 below: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volkmar_Weiss

    The DUF1220 CNV was new to me. I must have missed it when you wrote about it (Wikipedia reference 13 below, Davis et al. 2014) three years ago:
    http://www.unz.com/jthompson/copy-number-intelligence/
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DUF1220

    Cognitive dysfunction is a feature of multiple neuropsychiatric diseases, and many individuals with 1q21 deletion and duplication syndromes have developmental delay. Given this, the role of DUF1220 in cognitive function has been investigated. Results of this research demonstrate that DUF1220 copy number is linearly associated with increased cognitive function as measured by total IQ and mathematical aptitude scores, a finding identified in two independent populations.[13][19]. This association has important implications for understanding the interplay between cognitive function and autism phenotypes.[20] These findings also provide additional support for the involvement of DUF1220 in a genomic trade-off model involving the human brain: the same key genes that have been major contributors to the evolutionary expansion of the human brain and human cognitive capacity may also, in different combinations, underlie psychiatric disorders such as autism and schizophrenia. [14]
     
    Has there been any followup on DUF1220 and IQ since then?
    I see 8 papers citing Davis et al. (2014): https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?linkname=pubmed_pubmed_citedin&from_uid=25287832
    The only one which looks focused on intelligence is Chen et al. (2017): https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28155865
    but I did not see any mention of DUF1220 in the text when I did a quick search.

    This was an interesting tidbit from Davis: "The interaction of CON2 × sex was significant (p = 0.038), suggesting a more pronounced effect in males." Doubly interesting since the NZ data indicates a greater effect on math ability.

    As a commenter (and you) noted in your 2015 post, the effect sizes quoted seem ridiculous. They make a bit more sense when noting that the abstract and Table 1 both pull out males in the NA population which was already selected for brain size extremes. The R^2 for Total WISC IQ seen for that group was nuts: 0.13 or 0.22 depending on measure.

    The NZ results seem more realistic (while still shockingly high, if true) with an R^2 for Total WISC IQ of 0.03 and for PAT math of 0.10 (AFAICT that was both males and females, why did they not break out by sex given the NA results?).

    Some terminology information which might be useful for followup: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29399325

    Some more papers:
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3511999/
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5556342/ - from that paper it looks like there is a great deal of variation in that area:

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5556342/bin/12864_2017_3976_Fig1_HTML.jpg

    They include much supplementary material including software to use their methodology to evaluate 1000 Genomes data: https://github.com/dpastling/plethora
    It is beyond my ability, but it would be interesting to analyze the 1000 Genomes data for the population characteristics of DUF1220.

    An interesting patent: https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2014028768A2/en
    Check out the first claim:

    1. A method to select an individual who is predicted to have a low or high intelligence quotient (IQ) comprising:
    a) detecting in a biological sample of cells from an individual a level of a CON2 subtype of DUF1220 biomarker selected from the group consisting of:
    i) a level of CON2 subtype DUF1220 domain;
    ii) a level of expression of CON2 subtype DUF1220 protein;
    b) comparing the level of the CON2 subtype DUF1220 biomarker in the biological sample of cells to a control level of the CON2 subtype DUF1220 biomarker selected from the group consisting of:
    i) a control level of the CON2 subtype DUF1220 biomarker that has been correlated with IQ less than 100; and
    ii) a control level of the CON2 subtype DUF1220 biomarker that has been correlated with IQ greater than or equal to 140; and
    c) selecting the individual as being predicted to have low IQ, if the level of the DUF1220 biomarker in the individual's cell sample is statistically similar to or less than the control level of the DUF1220 biomarker that has been correlated with IQ less than 100, or d) selecting the individual as being predicted to have high IQ, if the level of the DUF1220 biomarker in the individual's cell sample is statistically similar to or greater than the control level of the DUF1220 biomarker that has been correlated with IQ greater than 140.
     
    More on the inventor (last author of Davis et al. 2014): http://www.ucdenver.edu/academics/colleges/medicalschool/departments/biochemistry/Faculty/PrimaryFaculty/Pages/Sikela.aspx
    Note DUF1220 mouse models.
    His papers: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/myncbi/browse/collection/46221981/?sort=date&direction=descending

    Dr. Thompson, any chance of a post on this January 2018 paper?: Genomic trade-offs: are autism and schizophrenia the steep price of the human brain?/i> https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29335774
    Full text at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00439-017-1865-9
    Abstract:

    Evolution often deals in genomic trade-offs: changes in the genome that are beneficial overall persist even though they also produce disease in a subset of individuals. Here, we explore the possibility that such trade-offs have occurred as part of the evolution of the human brain. Specifically, we provide support for the possibility that the same key genes that have been major contributors to the rapid evolutionary expansion of the human brain and its exceptional cognitive capacity also, in different combinations, are significant contributors to autism and schizophrenia. Furthermore, the model proposes that one of the primary genes behind this trade-off may not technically be "a gene" or "genes" but rather are the highly duplicated sequences that encode the Olduvai protein domain family (formerly called DUF1220). This is not an entirely new idea. Others have proposed that the same genes involved in schizophrenia were also critical to the rapid expansion of the human brain, a view that has been expressed as "the same 'genes' that drive us mad have made us human". What is new is that a "gene", or more precisely a protein domain family, has been found that may satisfy these requirements.

     

    Fascinating:

    The most plausible explanation for this unusual distribution is that there is a sequence (or sequences) within the 1q21 CNVs, the dosage of which contributes to these two disorders in opposite ways: high-dosage producing autism while low-dosage producing schizophrenia. Such a shared genomic location for autism and schizophrenia has also been found for three other genomic regions where deletions are associated with one disorder, while duplications are associated with the other,13. These results suggest that autism and schizophrenia are related disorders and may have a shared underlying genomic etiology that involves opposite changes in the dosage of the same specific genes.
     
    That corresponds nicely to a liability threshold model as well.

    Figure 4 is an interesting look at the wide distribution of the different Olduvai (DUF1220) subtypes across Chromosome 1.

    https://media.springernature.com/original/springer-static/image/art%3A10.1007%2Fs00439-017-1865-9/MediaObjects/439_2017_1865_Fig4_HTML.gif

    Note the connection to this idea which I have mentioned before: https://www.amazon.com/Madness-Adam-Eve-Schizophrenia-Humanity/dp/055299930X
    The Sikela paper has a good history of this idea back to Crow in 1995.

    Great comment, and sounds like a great book! Thanks for bringing it to our attention, Dr. Thompson! I’ll buy a copy for myself and my kids…
    On the policy end, however, I think there will be problems…With anything resembling eugenics being ruled out by the ruling classes, it’s tough to see what third world countries can do, because their main problems in this area are dysgenic breeding patterns and major amounts of Brain Drain with respect to their smartest people….With respect to the West, the failure of more intelligent women to have adequate numbers of children, and perhaps other factors, has resulted in steadily declining average IQs, about 1 point per generation according to recent estimates. (I think it’s higher than that.)
    Given that mass education has clearly had no effect on these trends, I wonder what the author recommends?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • This section will probably make some people angrily accuse him of descending to anecdotes. Rindermann argues that if the intelligence tests scores are valid, then a visitor to each country should find evidence of how bright the people in that country really are.

    I like the ‘smell test’ argument, at least as an introduction, and it surprises me that it’s not used more often. I find it particularly useful for making the point about individual (ie non-racial) intelligence differences. I like to ask people whether their own experience of school doesn’t comport perfectly with the hereditarian position: wasn’t it obvious that a small number of pupils grasped new concepts with supreme ease; that the great majority could, with some effort, make headway even after a shaky start; and that another small handful were such hopeless cases that it was generally pointless attempting explanations at all?

    With respect to countries, I would urge more caution. The reason is that it’s all too easy to see what you want to see. I spent some time in southeast Europe about a dozen years after the fall of communism. One of the most aggravating differences I found compared to western countries was the consistently poor, lazy and rude customer service – it stood out like a sore thumb. I surely would have been wrong to conclude this was a racial trait, however, since the customer service in neighboring Greece and Turkey – which can hardly be thought to differ genetically to any great degree – was often excellent.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @jack daniels
    While adding a racial qualifier, the Nazis promoted the usual socialist thesis that every person of good will can make meaningful contributions and is roughly equal in overall ability to others. One thing I notice in writers on both left and right who promote the importance of IQ is that they tend to overlook the importance of other merits such as self-discipline, honesty, courage, loyalty, concern for others, etc. Adam Smith did not overlook these when defining human capital. For example, Jews are brighter on average but bright ideas require a work force to follow through on, and if the work force is of low quality the final addition to wealth will be smaller than otherwise.

    One thing I notice in writers on both left and right who promote the importance of IQ is that they tend to overlook the importance of other merits such as self-discipline, honesty, courage, loyalty, concern for others, etc.

    Mostly irrelevant. Resources and opportunity are what count the most — ask any Eskimo.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • One way of starting is with the first table 1.1 showing estimates of global and continental income since 1500. Five centuries ago Africa, America and Australia were on $400, Asia $550 and Europe $688. By 2010 North America led the pack with $47,094, Northern Europe $35,308, Australia $25,438 and then a big fall down to South America with $10,607, Asia (India) with $3,337 and Africa (Kenya) with $1,628.

    Although these numbers don’t meaningfully affect the overall argument, they are considerably different to both international historical comparisons provided by the most prestigious institutes dedicated to the task, such as The Conference Board or the Groningen Growth and Development Centre (based on Angus Maddison’s pioneering work) as well as current-year PPP GDP estimates made by the IMF, CIA and World Bank. I don’t want to accuse Rindermann of sloppiness, but unless there is some very good reason he used (or developed himself, which is highly doubtful) the above numbers, it’s hard to see what else to call it.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Fredtard
    And therein lies the rub. Adam Smith's calling out of prudence as the key virtue was more than prescient. Superior intelligence has led to greater ability to employ technology to extract/exploit and militarily/economically control resources. But resources, even cognitive ones, are finite.

    Are we affluent, industrious, and intelligent societies too lacking in humility, to enamored of our string of successes conquering nature and nations, that we can not or will not admit to and/or deal with the rapidly approaching ecological collapse that is closing in on all sides? Deny if you must, but the dire warnings are all around us. My cataloguing them won't wake anyone up whose basic worldview doesn't want to countenance the harsh realities.

    Maybe we're too smart for our own good, or at a minimum lack the capacity to adequately address the slowly approaching existential issues. Global warming and the so far unresolved national debt crisis are two examples of failure to act. My favored answer to Fermi's paradox is the one which posits that all advanced civilizations self-destruct(ed).

    Too bad hope and faith are neither intelligent nor prudent.

    My favored answer to Fermi’s paradox is the one which posits that all advanced civilizations self-destruct(ed).

    The response to that position is “truly advanced civilizations do not self-destruct”.

    Fermi’s paradox really isn’t. In an unbounded Universe, the probability that any advanced civilization will encounter another advanced civilization is random, at best.

    And don’t forget: probability has yet to be a cause of anything at all.

    Read More
    • Replies: @middle aged vet . . .
    Steve G. that was a very eloquent comment, sometimes I think I read too many comments on too many comment threads and then I read a really well written one like that.

    That being said, and feel free, or course, to ignore this, here are some related thoughts:

    you stated "in an unbounded universe":

    There is no evidence, beyond evidence that only, so far, "appears" to be evidence, and which may or may not be reliable, that the universe is unbounded outside of evidence that can be called "negative inference".

    That being said, according to an impressively well written popular science book I recently read, there probably is reliable, measured, and accurate evidence that if the universe is not unbounded, it is still (or nevertheless, if you prefer) approximately at least 1,000 times as large as the Hubble Sphere (so if the universe is finite, it is still approximately big enough that our 26 billion wide observable part of it is one thousandth of it). (Shing-Tung Yau and Steve Nadis are my source for this, and they are quoting an unpublished interview with Max Tegmark, on page 1 of "The Shape of Inner Space" (Basic Books, 2010). To quote: "the Hubble volume we see is just one out of at least one thousand such volumes that must exist."

    So your assessment stands, because the randomness of "an unbounded universe" and the randomness of a universe that is a thousand times as large as the Hubble volume are, for deductive purposes, almost indistinguishable over the recent time frame of SETI exploration.

    That being said, please recognize that it is possible that the universe is just a few thousand years old, that Adam and Eve spent some time in the Garden of Eden, and that miracles have occurred, and will continue to occur, because such possibilities are not inconsistent with anything anybody has ever discovered. Heart speaks to heart, after all, cor ad cor loquitur.

    This next paragraph is long, but I do think it makes sense. Please be indulgent, and try to remember I am discussing things I have learned from people who are much smarter than myself: .... Yes you might think: but Science! but Evidence! and I would reply: I have no doubt that the stars we see are just as far away as they seem, and that the cosmic distance ladder (Rowan-Robinson's book was one of the best books on the subject) is a Real Thing: but when people wax on about how awesomely large the universe is, I - who 50 years ago decided that, since the best physicists did not look on other physicists as people who understood the world but just people who worked on problems - and they were right! - well I decided it would be just as much fun to wait around and see what they discovered as to do it myself, and I decided to try and understand people, which is the task of a lifetime, just as the task of understanding physics is the task of a lifetime. And when you understand people, you ask yourself, at the end of the day - what makes more sense than Adam and Eve? Why wouldn't there actually be a Fish that kept Jonah alive for 3 days? (and I did read enough Newton and Gauss and Euler to understand that, no, the night sky is not awesomely large - it is just big enough to be big enough to produce, by the actual and confirmed processes we know, the type of things that are necessary for a complex mind - supernova-remnant complex molecules, et cetera, you know what I am talking about). (For the record, I realize that this paragraph is not written in a way that can be understood the first time through. Please read it twice. I said that science is real and that cosmological measurements are accurate but then I said that physicists do not progress by "learning more about everything" but by working on finite problems. People are more complex than the universe, and understanding people leads to the conclusion that every word of the Bible is true. Yes, just as much as millions of Americans watched some HBO show last week, fascinated and entertained, even so Jonah spent a couple days in the belly of a fish, except HBO is there for money, Jonah was there for the truth.)

    To change the subject, Greg Cochran is a go-to guy on why advanced civilizations "do not self-destruct", he has described why our perceptions of the world reach, or tend to, a healthy equilibrium, because that is how our consciousness functions (in a post that I have not been able to find), and he has also said a lot of true things (in my humble opinion) about how civilizations (and, even in the last 4,000 years that I think we have lived, and a fortiori in the dozens of thousands of years Cochran thinks modern humans have lived), there have been a lot of civilizations, not the ten or twenty you might think if you just think of "Roman" and "Hittite" and "Babylonian" and "Chinese" and so on, but exponentially more than that.

    Thanks for reading. I am not a performance artist I really think Adam and Eve loved each other, and had those bickering children we read about. Sad! But also, if I am right, felix peccatum (oh happy fault) = the world is a better place than the most enthusiastic and most gifted mere scientist would feel comfortable claiming that it is. ((**God loves us the way we are, even the physicists, but loves us too much to let us stay that way**)) (a slightly modified quote from "Junebug", a movie from a decade or two ago).

    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Stogumber
    " They (the"Nazis") wanted measures of “realism” and “conscientiousness”, not what they regarded as “theoretical intelligence” and “intellectualism”. "
    Well, that's an interesting subject for future debates. I am inclined to assume that "intellectualism" has not much to do with intelligence (more with an emotional relation to things like concepts and theories). Also I suppose that "conscientiousness" helps: Is an intelligent people where everyone tries to deceive the other really as successful as a conscientious people?
    On the whole I doubt that the whole bunch of "Nazis" were adversary to the concept of general intelligence. For example, when prominent "Nazi" Adolf Helbok proposed to start the Austrian Atlas of Folklore with a map of local/regional intelligence measurements (a proposal pooh-poohed by his post-war fellow researchers), he spoke about intelligence in general.

    I’m inclined to agree. There were many German intellectuals who were considered Nazis or pre-cursors to the Nazi movement. I can easily see some of them spouting such ideas without it having much relevancy to how the government and military actually operated.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @res

    On the whole I doubt that the whole bunch of “Nazis” were adversary to the concept of general intelligence.
     
    I think you are right, but Jews scoring higher on IQ tests was an inconvenient truth. Hence the rationalizations. Does the book provide contemporary references about Nazi views on intelligence and IQ?

    P.S. Utu, I interpreted the Nazi passage (what does the book actually say?) more as an ironic observation than as virtue signaling.

    While adding a racial qualifier, the Nazis promoted the usual socialist thesis that every person of good will can make meaningful contributions and is roughly equal in overall ability to others. One thing I notice in writers on both left and right who promote the importance of IQ is that they tend to overlook the importance of other merits such as self-discipline, honesty, courage, loyalty, concern for others, etc. Adam Smith did not overlook these when defining human capital. For example, Jews are brighter on average but bright ideas require a work force to follow through on, and if the work force is of low quality the final addition to wealth will be smaller than otherwise.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Steve Gittelson

    One thing I notice in writers on both left and right who promote the importance of IQ is that they tend to overlook the importance of other merits such as self-discipline, honesty, courage, loyalty, concern for others, etc.
     
    Mostly irrelevant. Resources and opportunity are what count the most -- ask any Eskimo.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Adam Smith noted that human capital consists not only in having intelligent people who can figure out what is best to do, but self-disciplined people who, having figured out what they should do, have the will-power actually to do it! Additionally, such attributes as courage, honesty, loyalty, civility, and concern for others would appear relevant to “merit” as in “meritocracy.” Not only are they good traits in themselves, but workers with these traits will perform better.

    This is especially important since the vast majority of the public are not engaged in thinking up innovations but are charged with executing the plans of others.

    If a society grows fat and lazy, clever innovations are worth less than in a society where there are plenty of diligent, energetic people to bring plans to fruition.

    It’s interesting to imagine a society without a lot of smart people but with a lot of energetic and disciplined people. Such a society can trade brawn for brains by inducing inventors to set up shop locally and benefit from virtuous local laborers.

    This introduces a second issue: A country that for one reason or another has a superior army can enslave or subjugate a country with a good work force and get the benefits of its virtuous habits without sharing the incremental fruits those habits produce. Or will the workers be less virtuous when working for occupiers? Or will the land of virtuous workers trade enough brawn to get some good generals who can build up an effective army? Isn’t game theory wonderful?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • “The good news for the world is that longevity has shot up…”

    I’m sceptical of the uncritical acceptance of longevity as good news. Longevity in itself contains no useful information about the conditions under which the additional years are spent, nor the ability of those added years to be of any general benefit.

    Many of the commonly used indicators of health and success have a similar myopic “penny wise, pound foolish” view. Decreased infant mortality is great… but is it really? Human beings cannot be the sole exception to the basic rule that scarcity and demand determines value. Increased surplus inevitably becomes a liability.

    The creation of wealth is proportional to a lot of measurements. Cancer incidence, waste production, deforestation… one may as well say that cognitive ability mainly exists to provide each successive generation with partial solutions and additional challenges. Establishing that cognition and wealth are directly correlated does not in itself entail regarding either measurement as a purely or even largely positive one.

    “If the earth must lose that great portion of its pleasantness which it owes to things that the unlimited increase of wealth and population would extirpate from it, for the mere purpose of enabling it to support a larger but not a better or a happier population, I sincerely hope, for the sake of posterity, that they will be content to be stationary, long before necessity compels them to it.” – John Stuart Mill

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Just an observation — there’s no way to accurately assess the impact of human capital as described in this article, when the societies have engaged in social maldistribution of access to said foundations of the capital in question.

    Europe’s wealth during the Victorian age is the direct result of hoarding and managing resources derived from other countries and not investing human or material capital in the same.

    In the US the wealth of the country at one period was derived from the slave trade up to 50% It’s hard to calculate the value of human capital under conditions when the human capital was slavery.

    Slipping in the Wealth of Nations in this scenario is to misunderstand what Adam Smith explicated which was to vest human capital and worth based ion fair an honest dealings – one’s resources as a market value from which they derive profit.

    In fact what is being assessed her is the consequence of short term gain. King Leopold’s privatizing of the Congo under what was essentially a money laundering schema by which to protect profits of illegal, untoward and altogether unsavory business practices could hardly assessed as some manner of naturally occurring human capital of thinking human beings seeking to better that region from which the wealth was derived.

    How one defines human capital matters.And even if one wanted label intelligence or material — that it was not invested as understood in this article or at the time strongly suggests.

    _______________

    Maybe I am just jealous. But acknowledging that investing in people’s intellectual, social and personal investiture is beneficial for one’s country hardly sounds all that ground breaking.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Daniel Chieh
    No, if "macro-parasiticism" as has been called entirely accounted for wealth in the world, then the Mongols and Umayyads would be the great civilizations on Earth.

    They are not.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @YetAnotherAnon
    Sort of off topic, but the New Statesman seem to have raised the white flag on genetics and intelligence. This, by one Philip Ball.

    https://www.newstatesman.com/2018/04/iq-trap-how-new-genetics-could-transform-education

    "What does the science tell us about genes and intelligence? For geneticists, the challenge with any behavioural trait is to distinguish inherited influences from environmental ones. Are you smart (or not) because of your genes, or your home and school environment? For many years, the only way to separate these factors was through twin studies. This is a somewhat coarse way of controlling for genetic similarity, which entails looking at how the traits of identical and non-identical twins (who are 100 per cent or 50 per cent genetically identical, respectively) differ when they share or don’t share the same background – for example, when they are adopted into different family environments.

    But now it’s possible to look directly at people’s genomes: to read the molecular code (sequence) of large proportions of an individual’s DNA. Over the past decade the cost of genome sequencing has fallen sharply, making it possible to look more directly at how genes correlate with intelligence. The data both from twin studies and DNA analysis are unambiguous: intelligence is strongly heritable. Typically around 50 per cent of variations in intelligence between individuals can be ascribed to genes, although these gene-induced differences become markedly more apparent as we age. As Ritchie says: like it or not, the debate about whether genes affect intelligence is over."
     
    Mind, I agree with Steven Pinker's tweet - you don't need DNA testing to know someone's IQ, a plain old IQ test is better.

    https://twitter.com/sapinker/status/986468194423574528

    The New Statesman piece is one of the best treatments of genetics and intelligence I have seen in the popular press. Thanks! I hope Philip Ball does not get Watsoned.

    That Steven Pinker tweet is a great example of his ability to find a true yet politically palatable position. I might quibble with “overblown”, but the rest is hard to argue with. What he studiously ignores is the cases where genotyping might be useful. He also artfully uses “probably” twice obscuring his own views.

    P.S. I managed to miss the Toby Young blog post kerfuffle. Here is a Quillete piece about it: http://quillette.com/2017/10/31/education-ngo-faces-backlash-academics-retracting-essay-citing-intelligence-research/
    and the controversial blog post (reproduced here after deletion): http://www.nosacredcows.co.uk/opinion_pieces/3050/article.html

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @The Alarmist
    Well, it's actually the application of human capital to resources that unlocks the value of both, but I guess that is self-evident.

    Nothing about magic dirt, eh?

    And therein lies the rub. Adam Smith’s calling out of prudence as the key virtue was more than prescient. Superior intelligence has led to greater ability to employ technology to extract/exploit and militarily/economically control resources. But resources, even cognitive ones, are finite.

    Are we affluent, industrious, and intelligent societies too lacking in humility, to enamored of our string of successes conquering nature and nations, that we can not or will not admit to and/or deal with the rapidly approaching ecological collapse that is closing in on all sides? Deny if you must, but the dire warnings are all around us. My cataloguing them won’t wake anyone up whose basic worldview doesn’t want to countenance the harsh realities.

    Maybe we’re too smart for our own good, or at a minimum lack the capacity to adequately address the slowly approaching existential issues. Global warming and the so far unresolved national debt crisis are two examples of failure to act. My favored answer to Fermi’s paradox is the one which posits that all advanced civilizations self-destruct(ed).

    Too bad hope and faith are neither intelligent nor prudent.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Steve Gittelson

    My favored answer to Fermi’s paradox is the one which posits that all advanced civilizations self-destruct(ed).
     
    The response to that position is "truly advanced civilizations do not self-destruct".

    Fermi's paradox really isn't. In an unbounded Universe, the probability that any advanced civilization will encounter another advanced civilization is random, at best.

    And don't forget: probability has yet to be a cause of anything at all.
    , @The Alarmist
    My leanings are somewhere between libertarian and conservative, but I drove past a garbage mountain the other day, one of those you can smell for miles, and my first thought was that externalities make it possible for too many people to buy too many things they could not afford if they were on the hook for the entire lifecycle of the product.

    If we did true capitalism and had an ethical government that really cared about proper stewardship of the planet and its resources and life-forms, there would be a collapse of economic life as we know it. Maybe, like Ike and the concentration camps, we should parade the citizenry frequently past the garbage mountains, and then show how much worse it is in the developing world where they care even less.

    To the point about global warming, the science is junk, but it does at least approach addressing the externality of carbon waste. But as we go deeper into the solar minimum we have entered, we'll probably wish we had triggered more global warming.

    In any case, we need to reduce waste and pollution.

    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Stogumber
    " They (the"Nazis") wanted measures of “realism” and “conscientiousness”, not what they regarded as “theoretical intelligence” and “intellectualism”. "
    Well, that's an interesting subject for future debates. I am inclined to assume that "intellectualism" has not much to do with intelligence (more with an emotional relation to things like concepts and theories). Also I suppose that "conscientiousness" helps: Is an intelligent people where everyone tries to deceive the other really as successful as a conscientious people?
    On the whole I doubt that the whole bunch of "Nazis" were adversary to the concept of general intelligence. For example, when prominent "Nazi" Adolf Helbok proposed to start the Austrian Atlas of Folklore with a map of local/regional intelligence measurements (a proposal pooh-poohed by his post-war fellow researchers), he spoke about intelligence in general.

    On the whole I doubt that the whole bunch of “Nazis” were adversary to the concept of general intelligence.

    I think you are right, but Jews scoring higher on IQ tests was an inconvenient truth. Hence the rationalizations. Does the book provide contemporary references about Nazi views on intelligence and IQ?

    P.S. Utu, I interpreted the Nazi passage (what does the book actually say?) more as an ironic observation than as virtue signaling.

    Read More
    • Replies: @jack daniels
    While adding a racial qualifier, the Nazis promoted the usual socialist thesis that every person of good will can make meaningful contributions and is roughly equal in overall ability to others. One thing I notice in writers on both left and right who promote the importance of IQ is that they tend to overlook the importance of other merits such as self-discipline, honesty, courage, loyalty, concern for others, etc. Adam Smith did not overlook these when defining human capital. For example, Jews are brighter on average but bright ideas require a work force to follow through on, and if the work force is of low quality the final addition to wealth will be smaller than otherwise.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @niteranger
    To those of you interested in evolution and schizophrenia I would suggest the The Origins of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind by Jaynes. The Behavioral Psychos at the University level tried to diss Jaynes but he may get the last laugh from his grave because the more you read the book the more relevant his analyses become.

    Thanks. I have that book but have not read it yet. Should try to find it.

    One thing that intrigues me is this comment (I did a quick search on unz.com): https://www.unz.com/pcockburn/on-schizophrenia/#comment-2008979

    I’m curious if either Henry or his father have read Julian Jaynes’ book “The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind”, and what they think of it. Jaynes suggests that schizophrenia is a remnant of a condition that used to be much more common, before humans became conscious in the way we think of consciousness today, and when “talking to gods” (who he suggests actually resided in a “hidden” part of the brain which analyzed the world and then gave commands that sounded like disembodied voices) was commonplace. It sounds kind of farfetched, but he makes a surprisingly good case.

    It is interesting that this is almost the opposite hypothesis of that proposed in The Madness of Adam and Eve (and the DUF1220 work) if I understand both correctly (increasing vs. decreasing rate of schizophrenia with human consciousness).

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Sort of off topic, but the New Statesman seem to have raised the white flag on genetics and intelligence. This, by one Philip Ball.

    https://www.newstatesman.com/2018/04/iq-trap-how-new-genetics-could-transform-education

    “What does the science tell us about genes and intelligence? For geneticists, the challenge with any behavioural trait is to distinguish inherited influences from environmental ones. Are you smart (or not) because of your genes, or your home and school environment? For many years, the only way to separate these factors was through twin studies. This is a somewhat coarse way of controlling for genetic similarity, which entails looking at how the traits of identical and non-identical twins (who are 100 per cent or 50 per cent genetically identical, respectively) differ when they share or don’t share the same background – for example, when they are adopted into different family environments.

    But now it’s possible to look directly at people’s genomes: to read the molecular code (sequence) of large proportions of an individual’s DNA. Over the past decade the cost of genome sequencing has fallen sharply, making it possible to look more directly at how genes correlate with intelligence. The data both from twin studies and DNA analysis are unambiguous: intelligence is strongly heritable. Typically around 50 per cent of variations in intelligence between individuals can be ascribed to genes, although these gene-induced differences become markedly more apparent as we age. As Ritchie says: like it or not, the debate about whether genes affect intelligence is over.”

    Mind, I agree with Steven Pinker’s tweet – you don’t need DNA testing to know someone’s IQ, a plain old IQ test is better.

    Read More
    • Replies: @res
    The New Statesman piece is one of the best treatments of genetics and intelligence I have seen in the popular press. Thanks! I hope Philip Ball does not get Watsoned.

    That Steven Pinker tweet is a great example of his ability to find a true yet politically palatable position. I might quibble with "overblown", but the rest is hard to argue with. What he studiously ignores is the cases where genotyping might be useful. He also artfully uses "probably" twice obscuring his own views.

    P.S. I managed to miss the Toby Young blog post kerfuffle. Here is a Quillete piece about it: http://quillette.com/2017/10/31/education-ngo-faces-backlash-academics-retracting-essay-citing-intelligence-research/
    and the controversial blog post (reproduced here after deletion): http://www.nosacredcows.co.uk/opinion_pieces/3050/article.html
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • ” They (the”Nazis”) wanted measures of “realism” and “conscientiousness”, not what they regarded as “theoretical intelligence” and “intellectualism”. ”
    Well, that’s an interesting subject for future debates. I am inclined to assume that “intellectualism” has not much to do with intelligence (more with an emotional relation to things like concepts and theories). Also I suppose that “conscientiousness” helps: Is an intelligent people where everyone tries to deceive the other really as successful as a conscientious people?
    On the whole I doubt that the whole bunch of “Nazis” were adversary to the concept of general intelligence. For example, when prominent “Nazi” Adolf Helbok proposed to start the Austrian Atlas of Folklore with a map of local/regional intelligence measurements (a proposal pooh-poohed by his post-war fellow researchers), he spoke about intelligence in general.

    Read More
    • Replies: @res

    On the whole I doubt that the whole bunch of “Nazis” were adversary to the concept of general intelligence.
     
    I think you are right, but Jews scoring higher on IQ tests was an inconvenient truth. Hence the rationalizations. Does the book provide contemporary references about Nazi views on intelligence and IQ?

    P.S. Utu, I interpreted the Nazi passage (what does the book actually say?) more as an ironic observation than as virtue signaling.
    , @songbird
    I'm inclined to agree. There were many German intellectuals who were considered Nazis or pre-cursors to the Nazi movement. I can easily see some of them spouting such ideas without it having much relevancy to how the government and military actually operated.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @utu
    Looks like Heiner Rindermann despite all his virtue signaling about Nazis still is not a good company.

    Peter Thiel Shamed for Association with Racists
    https://www.queerty.com/peter-thiel-shamed-association-racists-20160729

    It’s the annual conference of the Property and Freedom Society, and while the name may sound boring its members are anything but. There’s founder Hans Hermann-Hoppe from the University of Nevada, who said that in his ideal society, homosexuals and communists “will have to be physically separated and expelled from society.” There’s also Gerd Schulze-Ronhof, an author who says that the US, not Hitler, caused World War II. And Heiner Rindermann, a psychologist whose work is often cited by racists seeking to prove that immigrants have low IQs.

     

    Re queerty — Geez, what a massive faggotry…. Homos, it seems, don’t want equality; they want live to in their own Homotopia, where everything is related to their version of sex & life…

    Read More
    • Replies: @Santoculto
    Supposed to be, you don't want to live in your own kaldiantopia...
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Well, it’s actually the application of human capital to resources that unlocks the value of both, but I guess that is self-evident.

    Nothing about magic dirt, eh?

    Read More
    • Replies: @Fredtard
    And therein lies the rub. Adam Smith's calling out of prudence as the key virtue was more than prescient. Superior intelligence has led to greater ability to employ technology to extract/exploit and militarily/economically control resources. But resources, even cognitive ones, are finite.

    Are we affluent, industrious, and intelligent societies too lacking in humility, to enamored of our string of successes conquering nature and nations, that we can not or will not admit to and/or deal with the rapidly approaching ecological collapse that is closing in on all sides? Deny if you must, but the dire warnings are all around us. My cataloguing them won't wake anyone up whose basic worldview doesn't want to countenance the harsh realities.

    Maybe we're too smart for our own good, or at a minimum lack the capacity to adequately address the slowly approaching existential issues. Global warming and the so far unresolved national debt crisis are two examples of failure to act. My favored answer to Fermi's paradox is the one which posits that all advanced civilizations self-destruct(ed).

    Too bad hope and faith are neither intelligent nor prudent.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @James Thompson
    Corrected. Thanks for noticing.

    You were right first time.

    From dictionary.com. …Comprise is a verb that means “to include or contain” or “to consist of” as in The pie comprises 8 slices. Compose means “to be or constitute a part of element of” or “to make up or form the basis of,” as in Eight slices compose the pie. The key rule to remember is that the whole comprises the elements or parts, and the elements or parts compose the whole.

    In your sentence beginning “As to human capital, Adam Smith understood perfectly that it comprised “superior reasoning and understanding,” it is clear that human capital is the whole and superior reasoning and understanding are the parts.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Looks like Heiner Rindermann despite all his virtue signaling about Nazis still is not a good company.

    Peter Thiel Shamed for Association with Racists

    https://www.queerty.com/peter-thiel-shamed-association-racists-20160729

    It’s the annual conference of the Property and Freedom Society, and while the name may sound boring its members are anything but. There’s founder Hans Hermann-Hoppe from the University of Nevada, who said that in his ideal society, homosexuals and communists “will have to be physically separated and expelled from society.” There’s also Gerd Schulze-Ronhof, an author who says that the US, not Hitler, caused World War II. And Heiner Rindermann, a psychologist whose work is often cited by racists seeking to prove that immigrants have low IQs.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Bardon Kaldian
    Re queerty -- Geez, what a massive faggotry.... Homos, it seems, don't want equality; they want live to in their own Homotopia, where everything is related to their version of sex & life...
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • To those of you interested in evolution and schizophrenia I would suggest the The Origins of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind by Jaynes. The Behavioral Psychos at the University level tried to diss Jaynes but he may get the last laugh from his grave because the more you read the book the more relevant his analyses become.

    Read More
    • Replies: @res
    Thanks. I have that book but have not read it yet. Should try to find it.

    One thing that intrigues me is this comment (I did a quick search on unz.com): https://www.unz.com/pcockburn/on-schizophrenia/#comment-2008979

    I’m curious if either Henry or his father have read Julian Jaynes’ book “The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind”, and what they think of it. Jaynes suggests that schizophrenia is a remnant of a condition that used to be much more common, before humans became conscious in the way we think of consciousness today, and when “talking to gods” (who he suggests actually resided in a “hidden” part of the brain which analyzed the world and then gave commands that sounded like disembodied voices) was commonplace. It sounds kind of farfetched, but he makes a surprisingly good case.
     
    It is interesting that this is almost the opposite hypothesis of that proposed in The Madness of Adam and Eve (and the DUF1220 work) if I understand both correctly (increasing vs. decreasing rate of schizophrenia with human consciousness).
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Allison
    That's really interesting! Do you know anything about where bipolar disorder might fit in there?

    Good question. I did not see anything about DUF1220 and bipolar disorder when I was researching my initial comment. A quick search now also did not give any good hits.

    I do think a connection is plausible though. Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder seem to be related genetically. For example, see this from 2013: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/news/science-news/2013/new-data-reveal-extent-of-genetic-overlap-between-major-mental-disorders.shtml

    My guess would be it is mostly a matter of the DUF1220 and bipolar research just not having been done yet. It looks like the primary researchers are running with their schizophrenia/autism idea (e.g. not actively expanding the scope of their research) and I think DUF1220 genotyping is complex and unusual enough that it won’t show up in studies unless someone is making a special effort to look at it. Seems like a good opportunity for someone to pursue.

    Here is some recent research which connects autism, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/02/180208141346.htm
    The SCZ-BD transcription and SNP-based correlations reported in Figure 2C of the underlying paper http://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6376/693 are by far the highest at ~0.7 for both.

    What do you think?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @res
    Interesting thoughts. My take would be:

    Does this imply that regression to the mean could be understood as being functional – a defence mechanism against schizophrenia and autism?
     
    I don't think regression to the mean is related. Regression to the mean is more about environmental extremes being muted out when extreme phenotypes reproduce. Though after writing the rest of this comment I think I see what you might be getting at, there is some intuitive similarity with tendency to stabilize around the mean. There might be a tie in with the possibility of tending to regress towards the mean outcome expected from a liability threshold model. Put another way, not very "liable" (genotypically lower risk, say near the threshold) but still dysfunctional individuals are more likely to be functional in the next generation. While genotypically higher risk (well exceeding the threshold) individuals who are also dysfunctional may be more likely to just not reproduce as you discuss below.

    Could the low reproduction rates of autists and schizophrenics be understodd in (roughly) the same way?
     
    That seems like a reasonable way of maintaining the gene pool close to an optimum middle ground when either extreme is a problem. It seems necessary to achieve a stable equilibrium in the face of random genetic variation.

    What does this show?
     
    (Referring to "Genomic trade-offs: are autism and schizophrenia the steep price of the human brain?")

    I think a reasonable summary would be that qualities intrinsic to having (creating and maintaining genetically over time) a human caliber brain also make it a tense equilibrium between autism and schizophrenia with inevitable variation into both extremes.

    That’s really interesting! Do you know anything about where bipolar disorder might fit in there?

    Read More
    • Replies: @res
    Good question. I did not see anything about DUF1220 and bipolar disorder when I was researching my initial comment. A quick search now also did not give any good hits.

    I do think a connection is plausible though. Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder seem to be related genetically. For example, see this from 2013: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/news/science-news/2013/new-data-reveal-extent-of-genetic-overlap-between-major-mental-disorders.shtml

    My guess would be it is mostly a matter of the DUF1220 and bipolar research just not having been done yet. It looks like the primary researchers are running with their schizophrenia/autism idea (e.g. not actively expanding the scope of their research) and I think DUF1220 genotyping is complex and unusual enough that it won't show up in studies unless someone is making a special effort to look at it. Seems like a good opportunity for someone to pursue.

    Here is some recent research which connects autism, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/02/180208141346.htm
    The SCZ-BD transcription and SNP-based correlations reported in Figure 2C of the underlying paper http://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6376/693 are by far the highest at ~0.7 for both.

    What do you think?
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @James Thompson
    Worth buying. It is an argument supported by facts which can be tested by re-running the analyses and by finding new data. It will help you overcome the stultifying effects of adjacent cow pastures.
    And, happy birthday.

    stultifying? Invigorating: dancing around the cow pats while running home for lunch was part of my education. Not every burgher need be a dull dog.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @dearieme
    You make this book sound fascinating, Dr T. I have a birthday this summer: should I be dropping hints that this book should be one of my presents? (I am a burgher after all, though one of our garden walls divided us from a cow pasture, and one of our hedges from a meadow.)

    Worth buying. It is an argument supported by facts which can be tested by re-running the analyses and by finding new data. It will help you overcome the stultifying effects of adjacent cow pastures.
    And, happy birthday.

    Read More
    • Replies: @dearieme
    stultifying? Invigorating: dancing around the cow pats while running home for lunch was part of my education. Not every burgher need be a dull dog.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anon[105] • Disclaimer says:

    The Amazon customer review by Volkmar Weiss is worth reading:

    “The landmark book by Richard Lynn and Tatu Vanhanen “IQ and the Wealth of Nations” (2002) was and is the most remarkable achievement in this field for the one hundred years since the invention of IQ tests. By correcting IQ phenotypic values biased by the Flynn effect into genotypic IQ values, Richard Lynn laid the groundwork for comparing national differences. In a number of scholarly papers Heiner Rindermann has extended this approach adding the scores of student achievement tests to these comparisons. In this impressive monograph Rindermann extends and generalizes his findings and conclusions. Some chapters, for example, “4. International Ability Differences and Their Development”, pp. 85-164, are written in a very entertaining way. In his final chapter Rindermann suggests, what can be done by human capital policies to improve the world.

    However, completely lacking in this book is a basic chapter on the scaling and the measurement error of the variables used and commented by the author….

    Only a few psychologists all over the world, as Wilhelm Peters (1880-1963), understood ever what geneticists mean by genetic causation, and Rindermann is no exception. The chapter 10, “Causes of National and Historical Differences in Cognitive Ability”, pp. 224-370, a backbone of his book, is about correlations and not of causation….

    It is not true, that there is no ratio scale for general intelligence….

    Rindermann complains that Hanushek and colleagues usually do not cite psychological research. But why Rindermann himself does not cite Oded Galors’ “Natural selection and the origin of economic growth”? …. Rindermann characterizes intelligence without any reference to the “Handbuch Intelligenz” … of his German colleague Detlef H. Rost.

    Despite all this criticism this monograph presents an outstanding contribution of applied science worth reading every page. Rindermann sees very well that his models of linear development are endangered by below average IQ immigration, by differential fertility and by different generation lengths of social strata.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Dieter Kief

    Genomic trade-offs: are autism and schizophrenia the steep price of the human brain?
     
    What does this show? Does this imply that regression to the mean could be understood as being functional - a defence mechanism against schizophrenia and autism?
    Could the low reproduction rates of autists and schizophrenics be understodd in (roughly) the same way?

    Interesting thoughts. My take would be:

    Does this imply that regression to the mean could be understood as being functional – a defence mechanism against schizophrenia and autism?

    I don’t think regression to the mean is related. Regression to the mean is more about environmental extremes being muted out when extreme phenotypes reproduce. Though after writing the rest of this comment I think I see what you might be getting at, there is some intuitive similarity with tendency to stabilize around the mean. There might be a tie in with the possibility of tending to regress towards the mean outcome expected from a liability threshold model. Put another way, not very “liable” (genotypically lower risk, say near the threshold) but still dysfunctional individuals are more likely to be functional in the next generation. While genotypically higher risk (well exceeding the threshold) individuals who are also dysfunctional may be more likely to just not reproduce as you discuss below.

    Could the low reproduction rates of autists and schizophrenics be understodd in (roughly) the same way?

    That seems like a reasonable way of maintaining the gene pool close to an optimum middle ground when either extreme is a problem. It seems necessary to achieve a stable equilibrium in the face of random genetic variation.

    What does this show?

    (Referring to “Genomic trade-offs: are autism and schizophrenia the steep price of the human brain?”)

    I think a reasonable summary would be that qualities intrinsic to having (creating and maintaining genetically over time) a human caliber brain also make it a tense equilibrium between autism and schizophrenia with inevitable variation into both extremes.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Allison
    That's really interesting! Do you know anything about where bipolar disorder might fit in there?
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Wow! Thanks, I could have missed that.

    BTW, in the next 25 years, expect to see some countries remove their Capitalist yokes and don the the Communist yoke. All they need make the switch is to see Communism done right, rather than stupidly and to see Capitalism done wrong.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • You make this book sound fascinating, Dr T. I have a birthday this summer: should I be dropping hints that this book should be one of my presents? (I am a burgher after all, though one of our garden walls divided us from a cow pasture, and one of our hedges from a meadow.)

    Read More
    • Replies: @James Thompson
    Worth buying. It is an argument supported by facts which can be tested by re-running the analyses and by finding new data. It will help you overcome the stultifying effects of adjacent cow pastures.
    And, happy birthday.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @anon
    "Adam Smith understood perfectly that it composed"
    Make that 'comprised'

    Good piece though. Thanks

    Corrected. Thanks for noticing.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Lochearn
    You were right first time.

    From dictionary.com. ...Comprise is a verb that means “to include or contain” or “to consist of” as in The pie comprises 8 slices. Compose means “to be or constitute a part of element of” or “to make up or form the basis of,” as in Eight slices compose the pie. The key rule to remember is that the whole comprises the elements or parts, and the elements or parts compose the whole.

    In your sentence beginning "As to human capital, Adam Smith understood perfectly that it comprised “superior reasoning and understanding," it is clear that human capital is the whole and superior reasoning and understanding are the parts.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @res
    Sounds like a great book. Just ordered a copy. Thanks! Do you know how much of the data he uses for the analysis is publicly available?

    Thanks for this insight:

    Another misunderstanding is the Nazi attitude to intelligence testing: in fact, the Nazis were opposed to intelligence research, which they saw as an instrument of “Jewry”. They specially opposed the concept of intelligence as a “one-dimensional dimension” and as “one common central factor”. They wanted measures of “realism” and “conscientiousness”, not what they regarded as “theoretical intelligence” and “intellectualism”. They favoured “practical intelligence”. In their view, general intelligence did not exist. Odd, isn’t it, that these views, a commonplace today among those who reject intelligence research, should be so similar to the Nazi position.
     
    The US Amazon page for the book: https://www.amazon.com/Cognitive-Capitalism-Capital-Wellbeing-Nations/dp/1107651085
    has an interesting review by Volkmar Weiss. He wrote Wikipedia reference 19 below: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volkmar_Weiss

    The DUF1220 CNV was new to me. I must have missed it when you wrote about it (Wikipedia reference 13 below, Davis et al. 2014) three years ago:
    http://www.unz.com/jthompson/copy-number-intelligence/
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DUF1220

    Cognitive dysfunction is a feature of multiple neuropsychiatric diseases, and many individuals with 1q21 deletion and duplication syndromes have developmental delay. Given this, the role of DUF1220 in cognitive function has been investigated. Results of this research demonstrate that DUF1220 copy number is linearly associated with increased cognitive function as measured by total IQ and mathematical aptitude scores, a finding identified in two independent populations.[13][19]. This association has important implications for understanding the interplay between cognitive function and autism phenotypes.[20] These findings also provide additional support for the involvement of DUF1220 in a genomic trade-off model involving the human brain: the same key genes that have been major contributors to the evolutionary expansion of the human brain and human cognitive capacity may also, in different combinations, underlie psychiatric disorders such as autism and schizophrenia. [14]
     
    Has there been any followup on DUF1220 and IQ since then?
    I see 8 papers citing Davis et al. (2014): https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?linkname=pubmed_pubmed_citedin&from_uid=25287832
    The only one which looks focused on intelligence is Chen et al. (2017): https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28155865
    but I did not see any mention of DUF1220 in the text when I did a quick search.

    This was an interesting tidbit from Davis: "The interaction of CON2 × sex was significant (p = 0.038), suggesting a more pronounced effect in males." Doubly interesting since the NZ data indicates a greater effect on math ability.

    As a commenter (and you) noted in your 2015 post, the effect sizes quoted seem ridiculous. They make a bit more sense when noting that the abstract and Table 1 both pull out males in the NA population which was already selected for brain size extremes. The R^2 for Total WISC IQ seen for that group was nuts: 0.13 or 0.22 depending on measure.

    The NZ results seem more realistic (while still shockingly high, if true) with an R^2 for Total WISC IQ of 0.03 and for PAT math of 0.10 (AFAICT that was both males and females, why did they not break out by sex given the NA results?).

    Some terminology information which might be useful for followup: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29399325

    Some more papers:
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3511999/
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5556342/ - from that paper it looks like there is a great deal of variation in that area:

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5556342/bin/12864_2017_3976_Fig1_HTML.jpg

    They include much supplementary material including software to use their methodology to evaluate 1000 Genomes data: https://github.com/dpastling/plethora
    It is beyond my ability, but it would be interesting to analyze the 1000 Genomes data for the population characteristics of DUF1220.

    An interesting patent: https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2014028768A2/en
    Check out the first claim:

    1. A method to select an individual who is predicted to have a low or high intelligence quotient (IQ) comprising:
    a) detecting in a biological sample of cells from an individual a level of a CON2 subtype of DUF1220 biomarker selected from the group consisting of:
    i) a level of CON2 subtype DUF1220 domain;
    ii) a level of expression of CON2 subtype DUF1220 protein;
    b) comparing the level of the CON2 subtype DUF1220 biomarker in the biological sample of cells to a control level of the CON2 subtype DUF1220 biomarker selected from the group consisting of:
    i) a control level of the CON2 subtype DUF1220 biomarker that has been correlated with IQ less than 100; and
    ii) a control level of the CON2 subtype DUF1220 biomarker that has been correlated with IQ greater than or equal to 140; and
    c) selecting the individual as being predicted to have low IQ, if the level of the DUF1220 biomarker in the individual's cell sample is statistically similar to or less than the control level of the DUF1220 biomarker that has been correlated with IQ less than 100, or d) selecting the individual as being predicted to have high IQ, if the level of the DUF1220 biomarker in the individual's cell sample is statistically similar to or greater than the control level of the DUF1220 biomarker that has been correlated with IQ greater than 140.
     
    More on the inventor (last author of Davis et al. 2014): http://www.ucdenver.edu/academics/colleges/medicalschool/departments/biochemistry/Faculty/PrimaryFaculty/Pages/Sikela.aspx
    Note DUF1220 mouse models.
    His papers: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/myncbi/browse/collection/46221981/?sort=date&direction=descending

    Dr. Thompson, any chance of a post on this January 2018 paper?: Genomic trade-offs: are autism and schizophrenia the steep price of the human brain?/i> https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29335774
    Full text at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00439-017-1865-9
    Abstract:

    Evolution often deals in genomic trade-offs: changes in the genome that are beneficial overall persist even though they also produce disease in a subset of individuals. Here, we explore the possibility that such trade-offs have occurred as part of the evolution of the human brain. Specifically, we provide support for the possibility that the same key genes that have been major contributors to the rapid evolutionary expansion of the human brain and its exceptional cognitive capacity also, in different combinations, are significant contributors to autism and schizophrenia. Furthermore, the model proposes that one of the primary genes behind this trade-off may not technically be "a gene" or "genes" but rather are the highly duplicated sequences that encode the Olduvai protein domain family (formerly called DUF1220). This is not an entirely new idea. Others have proposed that the same genes involved in schizophrenia were also critical to the rapid expansion of the human brain, a view that has been expressed as "the same 'genes' that drive us mad have made us human". What is new is that a "gene", or more precisely a protein domain family, has been found that may satisfy these requirements.

     

    Fascinating:

    The most plausible explanation for this unusual distribution is that there is a sequence (or sequences) within the 1q21 CNVs, the dosage of which contributes to these two disorders in opposite ways: high-dosage producing autism while low-dosage producing schizophrenia. Such a shared genomic location for autism and schizophrenia has also been found for three other genomic regions where deletions are associated with one disorder, while duplications are associated with the other,13. These results suggest that autism and schizophrenia are related disorders and may have a shared underlying genomic etiology that involves opposite changes in the dosage of the same specific genes.
     
    That corresponds nicely to a liability threshold model as well.

    Figure 4 is an interesting look at the wide distribution of the different Olduvai (DUF1220) subtypes across Chromosome 1.

    https://media.springernature.com/original/springer-static/image/art%3A10.1007%2Fs00439-017-1865-9/MediaObjects/439_2017_1865_Fig4_HTML.gif

    Note the connection to this idea which I have mentioned before: https://www.amazon.com/Madness-Adam-Eve-Schizophrenia-Humanity/dp/055299930X
    The Sikela paper has a good history of this idea back to Crow in 1995.

    Genomic trade-offs: are autism and schizophrenia the steep price of the human brain?

    What does this show? Does this imply that regression to the mean could be understood as being functional – a defence mechanism against schizophrenia and autism?
    Could the low reproduction rates of autists and schizophrenics be understodd in (roughly) the same way?

    Read More
    • Replies: @res
    Interesting thoughts. My take would be:

    Does this imply that regression to the mean could be understood as being functional – a defence mechanism against schizophrenia and autism?
     
    I don't think regression to the mean is related. Regression to the mean is more about environmental extremes being muted out when extreme phenotypes reproduce. Though after writing the rest of this comment I think I see what you might be getting at, there is some intuitive similarity with tendency to stabilize around the mean. There might be a tie in with the possibility of tending to regress towards the mean outcome expected from a liability threshold model. Put another way, not very "liable" (genotypically lower risk, say near the threshold) but still dysfunctional individuals are more likely to be functional in the next generation. While genotypically higher risk (well exceeding the threshold) individuals who are also dysfunctional may be more likely to just not reproduce as you discuss below.

    Could the low reproduction rates of autists and schizophrenics be understodd in (roughly) the same way?
     
    That seems like a reasonable way of maintaining the gene pool close to an optimum middle ground when either extreme is a problem. It seems necessary to achieve a stable equilibrium in the face of random genetic variation.

    What does this show?
     
    (Referring to "Genomic trade-offs: are autism and schizophrenia the steep price of the human brain?")

    I think a reasonable summary would be that qualities intrinsic to having (creating and maintaining genetically over time) a human caliber brain also make it a tense equilibrium between autism and schizophrenia with inevitable variation into both extremes.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @James Thompson
    Wow, a lot to understand and comment on. As you know, the general trend is away from individual snippets of code to polygenic scores, so although I note the topic was alive last year, I don't know the current status.
    My next task (James Lee findings) probably begins tomorrow, but I will bear the DUF1220 issue in mind.

    Sorry. I got excited and went off on a very interesting (to me anyway) tangent. It’s pretty bad when my comment is as long as your post. I debated using a MORE tag, but was concerned that might cause issues with me (or others) doing text searches for keywords in my comment in the future.

    James Lee findings also sound interesting. Looking forward to seeing that.

    Do you have any idea how much the DUF1220 issue is on the radar of cognitive genomics researchers like James Lee? If that 3% R^2 (plus 10% R^2 for math test!) in the New Zealand sample is close to real I would expect it to be a big deal.

    If the copy number relationship is close to linear that would fit in well with a PGS. Except for the data being much harder to extract than SNPs. I have not read the research I linked closely enough to be sure, but there appears to be significant complexity in the detailed composition and location of the copies involved.

    P.S. The site software has not shown my last two comments after I posted them. I almost double posted that monster. That is why I failed to catch my italics editing error.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Electrifying post!

    How come Heiner Rindermann’s book is available since January and nobody seemed to care? – Except on amazon… I’ll order my copy in a minute (at my local book shop).
    I’m very pleased to hear that Cognitive Capitalism is published by Cambridge University Press (“and no less”).

    The informations about Nazi’s ideas about IQ testing will be hard to swallow for the usual crowd of IQ-deniers.

    Thanks!

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • “Adam Smith understood perfectly that it composed”
    Make that ‘comprised’

    Good piece though. Thanks

    Read More
    • Replies: @James Thompson
    Corrected. Thanks for noticing.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Wow, a lot to understand and comment on. As you know, the general trend is away from individual snippets of code to polygenic scores, so although I note the topic was alive last year, I don’t know the current status.
    My next task (James Lee findings) probably begins tomorrow, but I will bear the DUF1220 issue in mind.

    Read More
    • Replies: @res
    Sorry. I got excited and went off on a very interesting (to me anyway) tangent. It's pretty bad when my comment is as long as your post. I debated using a MORE tag, but was concerned that might cause issues with me (or others) doing text searches for keywords in my comment in the future.

    James Lee findings also sound interesting. Looking forward to seeing that.

    Do you have any idea how much the DUF1220 issue is on the radar of cognitive genomics researchers like James Lee? If that 3% R^2 (plus 10% R^2 for math test!) in the New Zealand sample is close to real I would expect it to be a big deal.

    If the copy number relationship is close to linear that would fit in well with a PGS. Except for the data being much harder to extract than SNPs. I have not read the research I linked closely enough to be sure, but there appears to be significant complexity in the detailed composition and location of the copies involved.

    P.S. The site software has not shown my last two comments after I posted them. I almost double posted that monster. That is why I failed to catch my italics editing error.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Looking forwards to picking it up and reviewing it when in London.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • res says:

    Sounds like a great book. Just ordered a copy. Thanks! Do you know how much of the data he uses for the analysis is publicly available?

    Thanks for this insight:

    Another misunderstanding is the Nazi attitude to intelligence testing: in fact, the Nazis were opposed to intelligence research, which they saw as an instrument of “Jewry”. They specially opposed the concept of intelligence as a “one-dimensional dimension” and as “one common central factor”. They wanted measures of “realism” and “conscientiousness”, not what they regarded as “theoretical intelligence” and “intellectualism”. They favoured “practical intelligence”. In their view, general intelligence did not exist. Odd, isn’t it, that these views, a commonplace today among those who reject intelligence research, should be so similar to the Nazi position.

    The US Amazon page for the book: https://www.amazon.com/Cognitive-Capitalism-Capital-Wellbeing-Nations/dp/1107651085
    has an interesting review by Volkmar Weiss. He wrote Wikipedia reference 19 below: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volkmar_Weiss

    The DUF1220 CNV was new to me. I must have missed it when you wrote about it (Wikipedia reference 13 below, Davis et al. 2014) three years ago:

    http://www.unz.com/jthompson/copy-number-intelligence/

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DUF1220

    Cognitive dysfunction is a feature of multiple neuropsychiatric diseases, and many individuals with 1q21 deletion and duplication syndromes have developmental delay. Given this, the role of DUF1220 in cognitive function has been investigated. Results of this research demonstrate that DUF1220 copy number is linearly associated with increased cognitive function as measured by total IQ and mathematical aptitude scores, a finding identified in two independent populations.[13][19]. This association has important implications for understanding the interplay between cognitive function and autism phenotypes.[20] These findings also provide additional support for the involvement of DUF1220 in a genomic trade-off model involving the human brain: the same key genes that have been major contributors to the evolutionary expansion of the human brain and human cognitive capacity may also, in different combinations, underlie psychiatric disorders such as autism and schizophrenia. [14]

    Has there been any followup on DUF1220 and IQ since then?
    I see 8 papers citing Davis et al. (2014): https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?linkname=pubmed_pubmed_citedin&from_uid=25287832
    The only one which looks focused on intelligence is Chen et al. (2017): https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28155865
    but I did not see any mention of DUF1220 in the text when I did a quick search.

    This was an interesting tidbit from Davis: “The interaction of CON2 × sex was significant (p = 0.038), suggesting a more pronounced effect in males.” Doubly interesting since the NZ data indicates a greater effect on math ability.

    As a commenter (and you) noted in your 2015 post, the effect sizes quoted seem ridiculous. They make a bit more sense when noting that the abstract and Table 1 both pull out males in the NA population which was already selected for brain size extremes. The R^2 for Total WISC IQ seen for that group was nuts: 0.13 or 0.22 depending on measure.

    The NZ results seem more realistic (while still shockingly high, if true) with an R^2 for Total WISC IQ of 0.03 and for PAT math of 0.10 (AFAICT that was both males and females, why did they not break out by sex given the NA results?).

    Some terminology information which might be useful for followup: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29399325

    Some more papers:

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3511999/

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5556342/ – from that paper it looks like there is a great deal of variation in that area:

    They include much supplementary material including software to use their methodology to evaluate 1000 Genomes data: https://github.com/dpastling/plethora
    It is beyond my ability, but it would be interesting to analyze the 1000 Genomes data for the population characteristics of DUF1220.

    An interesting patent: https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2014028768A2/en
    Check out the first claim:

    1. A method to select an individual who is predicted to have a low or high intelligence quotient (IQ) comprising:
    a) detecting in a biological sample of cells from an individual a level of a CON2 subtype of DUF1220 biomarker selected from the group consisting of:
    i) a level of CON2 subtype DUF1220 domain;
    ii) a level of expression of CON2 subtype DUF1220 protein;
    b) comparing the level of the CON2 subtype DUF1220 biomarker in the biological sample of cells to a control level of the CON2 subtype DUF1220 biomarker selected from the group consisting of:
    i) a control level of the CON2 subtype DUF1220 biomarker that has been correlated with IQ less than 100; and
    ii) a control level of the CON2 subtype DUF1220 biomarker that has been correlated with IQ greater than or equal to 140; and
    c) selecting the individual as being predicted to have low IQ, if the level of the DUF1220 biomarker in the individual’s cell sample is statistically similar to or less than the control level of the DUF1220 biomarker that has been correlated with IQ less than 100, or d) selecting the individual as being predicted to have high IQ, if the level of the DUF1220 biomarker in the individual’s cell sample is statistically similar to or greater than the control level of the DUF1220 biomarker that has been correlated with IQ greater than 140.

    More on the inventor (last author of Davis et al. 2014): http://www.ucdenver.edu/academics/colleges/medicalschool/departments/biochemistry/Faculty/PrimaryFaculty/Pages/Sikela.aspx
    Note DUF1220 mouse models.
    His papers: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/myncbi/browse/collection/46221981/?sort=date&direction=descending

    Dr. Thompson, any chance of a post on this January 2018 paper?: Genomic trade-offs: are autism and schizophrenia the steep price of the human brain?/i> https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29335774
    Full text at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00439-017-1865-9
    Abstract:

    Evolution often deals in genomic trade-offs: changes in the genome that are beneficial overall persist even though they also produce disease in a subset of individuals. Here, we explore the possibility that such trade-offs have occurred as part of the evolution of the human brain. Specifically, we provide support for the possibility that the same key genes that have been major contributors to the rapid evolutionary expansion of the human brain and its exceptional cognitive capacity also, in different combinations, are significant contributors to autism and schizophrenia. Furthermore, the model proposes that one of the primary genes behind this trade-off may not technically be “a gene” or “genes” but rather are the highly duplicated sequences that encode the Olduvai protein domain family (formerly called DUF1220). This is not an entirely new idea. Others have proposed that the same genes involved in schizophrenia were also critical to the rapid expansion of the human brain, a view that has been expressed as “the same ‘genes’ that drive us mad have made us human”. What is new is that a “gene”, or more precisely a protein domain family, has been found that may satisfy these requirements.

    Fascinating:

    The most plausible explanation for this unusual distribution is that there is a sequence (or sequences) within the 1q21 CNVs, the dosage of which contributes to these two disorders in opposite ways: high-dosage producing autism while low-dosage producing schizophrenia. Such a shared genomic location for autism and schizophrenia has also been found for three other genomic regions where deletions are associated with one disorder, while duplications are associated with the other,13. These results suggest that autism and schizophrenia are related disorders and may have a shared underlying genomic etiology that involves opposite changes in the dosage of the same specific genes.

    That corresponds nicely to a liability threshold model as well.

    Figure 4 is an interesting look at the wide distribution of the different Olduvai (DUF1220) subtypes across Chromosome 1.

    Note the connection to this idea which I have mentioned before: https://www.amazon.com/Madness-Adam-Eve-Schizophrenia-Humanity/dp/055299930X
    The Sikela paper has a good history of this idea back to Crow in 1995.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Dieter Kief

    Genomic trade-offs: are autism and schizophrenia the steep price of the human brain?
     
    What does this show? Does this imply that regression to the mean could be understood as being functional - a defence mechanism against schizophrenia and autism?
    Could the low reproduction rates of autists and schizophrenics be understodd in (roughly) the same way?
    , @pyrrhus
    Great comment, and sounds like a great book! Thanks for bringing it to our attention, Dr. Thompson! I'll buy a copy for myself and my kids...
    On the policy end, however, I think there will be problems...With anything resembling eugenics being ruled out by the ruling classes, it's tough to see what third world countries can do, because their main problems in this area are dysgenic breeding patterns and major amounts of Brain Drain with respect to their smartest people....With respect to the West, the failure of more intelligent women to have adequate numbers of children, and perhaps other factors, has resulted in steadily declining average IQs, about 1 point per generation according to recent estimates. (I think it's higher than that.)
    Given that mass education has clearly had no effect on these trends, I wonder what the author recommends?
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • The public denunciation by thousands of women and a few men that they had been victims of sexual abuse by their economic bosses raises fundamental issues about the social relations of American capitalism. The moral offenses are in essence economic and social crimes. Sexual abuse is only one aspect of the social dynamics facilitating the...
  • First, could the author try a more expository style of writing, rather than simple blunt declarative sentences? Please?

    Second, the saying is “they rent you, they do not own you”. Every single hopeful young job seeker is empowered with the ability to tell Harvey Wienstein, or whomever the creep of the day may be, to go fuck him (or HER) self, and walk out of that office.

    Every job interview is a two way street; it’s as much about them as it is about you, the job seeker.

    An abusive job interview is an early clue that you probably really don’t want to waste your precious time working for a bunch of creeps.

    And yes, lawsuits do tend to focus the mind. I am strongly in favor of evening the score via the use of lawsuits, lawyers.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • OK some good points, but many would be disputed by various libertarians and conservatives who think current capitalist arrangements are just fine. For example you say:

    “This concentration of power produces the ever deepening inequalities between the world of the billionaires and the millions of low-wage workers.”

    Some libertarian and conservative types would see this as the natural and proper state of affairs. Those ow-wage workers are probably where they are because of their own inadequacies and lack of effort. The billionaires should be celebrated as innovators and “can do” persons, who DO , rather than complain and look for “government handouts,” or so some of the standard narrative goes.

    What would be some of your solutions to these issues? And how would you meet similar objections above?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • The entertainment industry amuses the population across class lines with increasingly vulgar and violent offerings, while the moguls of film entertain themselves with their young workers – who are depersonalized and even raped.

    These “young workers” are simply whores, as actresses across all ages always have been. And isn’t it very interesting that every #MeToo Hollywood harlot is past the wall?

    Can anyone say with a straight face that the US remains a nation of free and autonomous citizens?

    Most people freely enslave themselves. That doesn’t mean we should make their chains weigh more heavily on them (or worse, outright try to replace the working class with foreign helots), but let’s not kid ourselves–”workers” are workers for a reason.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • To understand the arguments of capitalists against the minimum wage, follow the money. In all the thickets of pious reasoning about the merits of capitalism and the market, and of freedom of contract, and of allowing this marvelous mechanism to work its magic, and of what Adam Smith said, the key is the dollar. The...
  • Actually, this isn’t capitalism. This is America where corporate welfare is encouraged and social welfare is the scourge of society. If the working poor want a living wage they’re accused of wanting a handout, negating the fact they actually work. Yet, we have no problem with a corporation wanting the tax payer to float the bill for their cost to do business. What I find alarming is the high number of intelligent people who believe we have a free market. It seems the vision our founding fathers had disappeared while we dreamed only of our personal utopia…….

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Introduction The American welfare state was created in 1935 and continued to develop through 1973. Since then, over a prolonged period, the capitalist class has been steadily dismantling the entire welfare state. Between the mid 1970’s to the present (2017) labor laws, welfare rights and benefits and the construction of and subsidies for affordable housing...
  • The increase in wages will provoke more invaders go USA. The more attractive the salary is for illegals, more invaders will go. USA government is very stupid offering the same rights to illegals than to legal citizens. The illegals should be blocked to get jobs, if that is not possible because government is traitor or it loves illegals, then the solution is to increase the tax for aliens, in such a way that they dont feel comfortable in USA, for the high taxes they pay. If minimum wage is $11 the foreigners should pay 50% in taxes, so the net salary would ver $5.50. Since that is not very atractive for them, many of them would prefer to go back to their countries. If USA pays same salary to American than to foreigners and charges them same taxes, all the foreigners will take the jobs that should be for Americans, because for them those salaries are much more attractive, because in their homeland they get 5 or 8 times less. If you are an employer and you say to 2 candidates for a job: (one from Latin America and one from USA): “I can pay you 11 dollars per hour” – the American probably will want a little more, but the Latin will jump and say: “I take it, now”. But if he knows that he will have to pay half of his salary in taxes, he will not like it very much, so the American will have more chance to get the job.
    Other countries can not order USA to pay same salaries to all workers, navites and foreigners. Every country has the right to pay different salaries to natives and to foreigners. If USA tried to obligate other countries to pay same salaries to all workers, they would tell USA: “it is not of your business, we pay what we want, you like it or not, this is our country, not yours”.
    Then why doesnt USA do the same? –
    Think of that, do you think that if you go to an Arab country, or China, etc you will have the same rights than a local citizen? Of course not, the local citizens always have preference, advantages over the foreigners.
    USA gives the advantages to the foreigners, this is the cause for most jobs are given to foreigners, even illegals are first class citizens compared to American workers.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @whyamihere
    If the welfare state in America was abolished, major American cities would burn to the ground. Anarchy would ensue, it would be magnitudes bigger than anything that happened in Ferguson or Baltimore. It would likely be simultaneous.

    I think that's one of the only situations where preppers would actually live out what they've been prepping for (except for a natural disaster).

    I've been thinking about this a little over the past few years after seeing the race riots. What exactly is the line between our society being civilized and breaking out into chaos. It's probably a lot thinner than most people think.

    I don't know who said it but someone long ago said something along the lines of, "Democracy can only work until the people figure out they can vote for themselves generous benefits from the public treasury." We are definitely in this situation today. I wonder how long it can last.

    Democracy can only work until the people figure out they can vote for themselves generous benefits from the public treasury

    This was never said by anyone famous, but is true nonetheless.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    This essay is littered with the imprecise use of millions. Millions is more effective than writing ‘it was a whole lot’ but can still be mostly wrong. Petras is intentionally misleading and (shock!) this is a reveal for propaganda.

    Petras writes (and has written before) the following partial statement: “foreclosure of two million”. The time period is sometimes omitted but here he refers to the Obama administration.

    So, Obama was in office for 8 years, 2008-2016.

    * In 2009 there were nearly 4 million foreclosure filings
    * In 2010 there were 2 million foreclosure filings
    * In 2011 there were 2.7 million filings for foreclosure
    * In 2012 there were another 2 million filings
    * In 2013, 1.5 million

    Most of these homes were foreclosed, repossessed or auctioned, or short sold.

    Other common figures about the financial crisis:

    * 10 million homes
    * 7 million homes.
    * 20 million people who lived in the houses (using the 10 million figure x 2) would have been ‘foreclosed on’ or directly affected – sale of the asset in which they lived is forced.

    The method Petras is using in his essays isn’t any mystery – he repeats a figure that is more than inconsistently low. (It’s ok if you think he’s a good guy or he’s a leftie liar.)
    But he repeats a falsehood. More importantly he repeats this over time for more effective propaganda.

    It must be said the author has plenty of help in the media – Notice that the figures above are not precise either, but much higher for some of the years. Those were gleaned from real estate data provided and prepared for public consumption by RealtyTrac. In order to get greater accuracy, you could pay private parties or contact Federal Agencies with requests for data.

    The question for readers would be, why would it be difficult to determine an actual number ? The motivation to obscure the number of foreclosures to mislead people is so common on Unz and any number of politically oriented outlets. We should expect propaganda about the financial crsis, especially from those who appear to be more credible or you believe share your values and beliefs.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @BigAl
    The 1970’s was in many ways the watershed decade for the radical transformation of the American economy and society, even more than the 1960’s (I lived through both as a young man). I have yet to read the definitive social-critical analysis of these years to explain the changes that, looking back, seem to have taken the country of my childhood right out from under me, gone forever, increasingly difficult to remember through the fog of nostalgia that tends to distort as much as to reveal.

    Some of the things I do remember about this time include the PATCO (air traffic controllers) strike, very well. What is often not mentioned is that PATCO was attempting to do something that had not been permitted under federal civil service law, that is, bargain for wages as well as working conditions. Wage bargaining, PATCO correctly assessed, was the issue that made or broke unions and had enabled state and local public employees to finally begin to earn a decent, living wage beginning in the 1960’s (think the iconic Mike Quill and the NYC TWU). Reagan correctly (from his point of view) saw that to fail to break PATCO on this issue was to open the floodgates and turn the U.S. civil services into something akin to its European counterpart, with the possibility of general strikes and the rest. And of course to encourage private sector unions in their drive to organize and to change federal and state labor laws to strengthen the right to picket strike and organize.

    What I also remember well however, is how little support PATCO was able to garnish from other unionized workers (and in many cases from union leadership as well). It seemed to me at the time that some of the strongest hostility came from rank and file of trade and utilities unions. Of course Reagan, following the Nixon playbook, shrewdly played the patriot-nationalist card, painting PATCO as a threat to national security as well as composed of a bunch of ingrates who should have been happy to have jobs. But by then the segmentation of the American workforce, a tactic that played right into the hands of the corporate-capitalist class was in full swing. The American worker lucky enough to possess a decent paying skilled or semi-skilled union job was being taught to see their situation as morally “deserved” and to see newer aspirants to similar positions, whether recently arrived immigrants or members of racial-ethnic groups previously suppressed by law, custom and prejudice as threats/dangers/enemies of their own recently won status.

    I recall too that it was in the 1970’s that the threat of “relocation”, at that time mainly from the more heavily unionized north and northeastern states to the union-hostile south began to play a major role in the destruction of the power of labor. This was the beginning of the “globalization” factor and of the off-shoring of manufacturing jobs that has been commented on extensively and that took off a decade or so later. What is often not recalled is that unions and other pro-labor groups attempted to lobby Congress to amend the NLRA (National Labor Relations Act) and to appoint labor-friendly members to the NLRB to ensure that plant relocation would be a mandatory subject of bargaining and thus prevent unilateral (by capital ownership) relocation or the threat of relocation as a means to destroy the power of labor. They were, of course, not successful, and factories and business continued to move away from traditional centers of labor power and worker-protections, first to so-called “right-to-work” states and eventually to Asia.

    And I remember the beginning of the financialization of the American corporation that I experienced on a “micro” scale, a kid lucky enough to have a summer job while in university at a large resource-extraction corporation’s HQ in NYC. I recall white-collar conversations about compensation and about how salaries had steadily risen over the past decade (the company was said to be doing “really well”). And I remember how towards the end of my summer stints more and more conversation was about stock prices and Wall Street favor and about the new executive managerial style brought in by “those young MBA”s”, and about (for the first time) worries of a “take-over” by “outsiders” (the company, although public, had had family leadership for many years).

    And most of all I remember how gradually the material-economic components to the identity of the blue-collar and middle class worker were written out of existence. The great narrative, the myth that explains to us what it means to be “an American,” no longer included any hint of class solidarity, of the kind of work we did, the pay we earned, the common living conditions in the small towns and urban neighborhoods and “cookie-cutter” suburbs of America. Formerly the struggle of economic and material improvement was seen by most ordinary Americas as a struggle for certain necessary conditions to maintain, strengthen, and perpetuate a way-of-life in which the common core assumptions about the “good life” remained basically stable and unchallenged: family, stable job, residential security, public schools, public places -- neighborhood bars, coffee shops, civic clubs, parks and playgrounds -- where people could meet and interact as social equals.

    The financialization of the economy, indeed of social life itself to a great extent, meant the drive for the maximization of private profit and the pursuit of interests and ‘efficiencies” conceived entirely apart from any impact of the common good of society as a whole, and should have been seen as a grave threat to the very conditions of material and economic security, only recently achieved, that were the foundation of these other civic and social institutions. Instead, through a grand and diabolical deceit cynically promulgated by a mostly Republican capitalist class of privilege, but also aided and abetted by a “new Left” that increasingly postured itself as the enemy of this older and more traditional way of life, the enemy was reconceived as the new “elites”, the young, urban, hipster “Leftist” who despised the old ways and represented a singular assault on everything good about America. Meanwhile, steadily, relentlessly, the material conditions and hard-won economic improvements that had gradually made small town, urban-neighborhood, and inner-suburban life decent and livable were being destroyed by a class that paid lip-service to Capra’s Bedford Falls while at the same time endlessly working to transform it into Pottersville.

    the financial crisis in the 1970s got over 1000+ bankers into jail. that was like a warning bell for them. so they change the govt or bought them you might say. 2007/8 crisis = zero bankers were jailed.

    change complete. welcome to the brave new world.

    @article: UBI is going to be a thing, it will have to as automation will kill most jobs.

    if you have a kid in college, make sure s/he is studying a major that has to do with AI and automation. earns a butt load and probably the last ones to be automated.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • “It’s true that Clinton put a 5 year limit on TANF, the woman and child welfare benefit. ”

    That’s why they have a new baby every five years to reset the clock.
    Why do you think there are so many families with infants to twenty somethings in the ghetto and the barrio? Other advantage, built in babysitters once the older kids hit twelve or so.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Den Lille Abe
    Well, the author kind of nails it.
    I remember from my childhood in the 50- 60 ties in Scandinavia that the US was the ultimate goal in welfare. The country where you could make a good living with your two hands, get you kids to UNI, have a house, a telly ECT. It was not consumerism, it was the American dream, a chicken in every pot; we chewed imported American gum and dreamed.
    In the 70-80 ties Scandinavia had a tremendous social and economic growth, EQUALLY distributed, an immense leap forward. In the middle of the 80 ties we were equal to the US in standards of living.
    Since we have not looked at the US, unless in pity, as we have seen the decline of the general income, social wealth fall way behind our own.
    The average US workers income has not increased since 90 figures adjusted for inflation. The Scandinavian workers income in the same period has almost quadrupled. And so has our societies.
    The article is dismal reading, and evidence of the failings of the "unregulated" society, where the anything goes as long as you are wealthy.

    The one thing Sweden forgot to regulate – prohibit, really – was Muslim and African invaders. You gave away your country – soul, really – and now you’re toast. You persecute people who call for an end to immigration and a reversal.

    But, God bless you, you’re socialist. Good job!

    How do you say “cucks” in Nordic?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @joe webb
    standard issue left wing propaganda, the above cartoon. The US military budget is about 5% of GDP.

    nevertheless, all these wars are for Israel and the news today is that Trump is looking for a new war in Syria and Iran and Palestine.

    Send the bill to the jews. Jewish Imperialism...some kind of weird sounding phrase...right?

    Joe Webb

    Hmm our actual gdp they say is around $13 trillion the rest is made up of smoke and mirrors from the financial sector,and of course our so called defense budget is only the beginning of the actual defense cost, as many ongoing projects are financed outside of the defense budget..

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • standard issue left wing propaganda, the above cartoon. The US military budget is about 5% of GDP.

    nevertheless, all these wars are for Israel and the news today is that Trump is looking for a new war in Syria and Iran and Palestine.

    Send the bill to the jews. Jewish Imperialism…some kind of weird sounding phrase…right?

    Joe Webb

    Read More
    • Replies: @bluedog
    Hmm our actual gdp they say is around $13 trillion the rest is made up of smoke and mirrors from the financial sector,and of course our so called defense budget is only the beginning of the actual defense cost, as many ongoing projects are financed outside of the defense budget..
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @BigAl
    The 1970’s was in many ways the watershed decade for the radical transformation of the American economy and society, even more than the 1960’s (I lived through both as a young man). I have yet to read the definitive social-critical analysis of these years to explain the changes that, looking back, seem to have taken the country of my childhood right out from under me, gone forever, increasingly difficult to remember through the fog of nostalgia that tends to distort as much as to reveal.

    Some of the things I do remember about this time include the PATCO (air traffic controllers) strike, very well. What is often not mentioned is that PATCO was attempting to do something that had not been permitted under federal civil service law, that is, bargain for wages as well as working conditions. Wage bargaining, PATCO correctly assessed, was the issue that made or broke unions and had enabled state and local public employees to finally begin to earn a decent, living wage beginning in the 1960’s (think the iconic Mike Quill and the NYC TWU). Reagan correctly (from his point of view) saw that to fail to break PATCO on this issue was to open the floodgates and turn the U.S. civil services into something akin to its European counterpart, with the possibility of general strikes and the rest. And of course to encourage private sector unions in their drive to organize and to change federal and state labor laws to strengthen the right to picket strike and organize.

    What I also remember well however, is how little support PATCO was able to garnish from other unionized workers (and in many cases from union leadership as well). It seemed to me at the time that some of the strongest hostility came from rank and file of trade and utilities unions. Of course Reagan, following the Nixon playbook, shrewdly played the patriot-nationalist card, painting PATCO as a threat to national security as well as composed of a bunch of ingrates who should have been happy to have jobs. But by then the segmentation of the American workforce, a tactic that played right into the hands of the corporate-capitalist class was in full swing. The American worker lucky enough to possess a decent paying skilled or semi-skilled union job was being taught to see their situation as morally “deserved” and to see newer aspirants to similar positions, whether recently arrived immigrants or members of racial-ethnic groups previously suppressed by law, custom and prejudice as threats/dangers/enemies of their own recently won status.

    I recall too that it was in the 1970’s that the threat of “relocation”, at that time mainly from the more heavily unionized north and northeastern states to the union-hostile south began to play a major role in the destruction of the power of labor. This was the beginning of the “globalization” factor and of the off-shoring of manufacturing jobs that has been commented on extensively and that took off a decade or so later. What is often not recalled is that unions and other pro-labor groups attempted to lobby Congress to amend the NLRA (National Labor Relations Act) and to appoint labor-friendly members to the NLRB to ensure that plant relocation would be a mandatory subject of bargaining and thus prevent unilateral (by capital ownership) relocation or the threat of relocation as a means to destroy the power of labor. They were, of course, not successful, and factories and business continued to move away from traditional centers of labor power and worker-protections, first to so-called “right-to-work” states and eventually to Asia.

    And I remember the beginning of the financialization of the American corporation that I experienced on a “micro” scale, a kid lucky enough to have a summer job while in university at a large resource-extraction corporation’s HQ in NYC. I recall white-collar conversations about compensation and about how salaries had steadily risen over the past decade (the company was said to be doing “really well”). And I remember how towards the end of my summer stints more and more conversation was about stock prices and Wall Street favor and about the new executive managerial style brought in by “those young MBA”s”, and about (for the first time) worries of a “take-over” by “outsiders” (the company, although public, had had family leadership for many years).

    And most of all I remember how gradually the material-economic components to the identity of the blue-collar and middle class worker were written out of existence. The great narrative, the myth that explains to us what it means to be “an American,” no longer included any hint of class solidarity, of the kind of work we did, the pay we earned, the common living conditions in the small towns and urban neighborhoods and “cookie-cutter” suburbs of America. Formerly the struggle of economic and material improvement was seen by most ordinary Americas as a struggle for certain necessary conditions to maintain, strengthen, and perpetuate a way-of-life in which the common core assumptions about the “good life” remained basically stable and unchallenged: family, stable job, residential security, public schools, public places -- neighborhood bars, coffee shops, civic clubs, parks and playgrounds -- where people could meet and interact as social equals.

    The financialization of the economy, indeed of social life itself to a great extent, meant the drive for the maximization of private profit and the pursuit of interests and ‘efficiencies” conceived entirely apart from any impact of the common good of society as a whole, and should have been seen as a grave threat to the very conditions of material and economic security, only recently achieved, that were the foundation of these other civic and social institutions. Instead, through a grand and diabolical deceit cynically promulgated by a mostly Republican capitalist class of privilege, but also aided and abetted by a “new Left” that increasingly postured itself as the enemy of this older and more traditional way of life, the enemy was reconceived as the new “elites”, the young, urban, hipster “Leftist” who despised the old ways and represented a singular assault on everything good about America. Meanwhile, steadily, relentlessly, the material conditions and hard-won economic improvements that had gradually made small town, urban-neighborhood, and inner-suburban life decent and livable were being destroyed by a class that paid lip-service to Capra’s Bedford Falls while at the same time endlessly working to transform it into Pottersville.

    Good post.

    But, still, no hint of a solution, unfortunately.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • get rid of welfare?
    blankfein and dimon and halliburton AND israel
    to the streets with clubs and cocktails and blackmailing pics

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • The Warfare state….

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @whyamihere
    If the welfare state in America was abolished, major American cities would burn to the ground. Anarchy would ensue, it would be magnitudes bigger than anything that happened in Ferguson or Baltimore. It would likely be simultaneous.

    I think that's one of the only situations where preppers would actually live out what they've been prepping for (except for a natural disaster).

    I've been thinking about this a little over the past few years after seeing the race riots. What exactly is the line between our society being civilized and breaking out into chaos. It's probably a lot thinner than most people think.

    I don't know who said it but someone long ago said something along the lines of, "Democracy can only work until the people figure out they can vote for themselves generous benefits from the public treasury." We are definitely in this situation today. I wonder how long it can last.

    Utter nonsense WHEN have the people been able to vote themselves anything,they run down and pull the lever for the candidate of the party they belong to and that is the end of lol people power,as they say money talks and bullshit walks ,and that my friend is the government we live under…

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Miro23

    Hmm lets see I manufacture wing nuts and find I can ship the jobs to any third world country and get them made for pennies rather than dollars, park my profits in off-shore accounts and then whine because others have followed suit and now we have a sorry underclass (which use to be the middle class) on welfare.
     
    Very true, except that you have to hide what you are doing.

    Economics 101 has been very helpful in this regard:

    1) Everyone benefits from free trade. David Ricardo proved it in the 18th century.
    2) Outsourcing frees up American labour for higher value added work.
    3) We are an advanced post-industrial services economy. Lack of manufacturing is normal.
    4) The "World is Flat" - get used to it. Globalized and no borders.
    5) US workers are not "Cosmopolitan" enough. They have the wrong attitude.

    And if you still don't get it, keep singing John Lennon's "Imagine".

    You must be God too.!! Either that or a fence post.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @jacques sheete

    Note to self–add Petras to list of those NOT worth reading.
     
    He's certainly all over the place with this one.

    I about gagged with his virtual hagiography of "the" (there were many variations of it since none of their meddling seemed to work until war got instigated) New Deal, but he did rescue himself a few paragraphs later.

    Over the past forty years the working class and the rump of what was once referred to as the ‘labor movement’ has contributed to the dismantling of the social welfare state...
     
    What folks don't seem to realize is that any social welfare state that was increased during the Depression was not about helping Joe Six Pack but was part of the conspiracy to consolidate big business and to impose big government on us in a final blow. And it worked.

    Now that the unions have outlived their usefulness, they've been tossed under the bus, and the social welfare state's been dismantled...

    It's no wonder that FDR supported Stalin and his slave labor camps in his "worker's paradise." In both cases the ultimate goal was the same; only the methods differed.

    Roosevelt’s National Industrial Recovery Act (enacted 6/33) (https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc=66) was the deal organized by Wall Street to implement the plans that had been made by Bernard Baruch and Gerard Swope, the latter the head of General Electric, in the 1920s.

    The object was to waive all antitrust laws and permit trade associations of major corporations to set the federal regulatory trade rules while buying off labor by legalizing and protecting union organizing and requiring good faith bargaining under federal law (these rights were reinstated after the National Industrial Recovery Act was declared unconstitutional in May 1935 by the Supreme Court with the passage of the National Labor Relations Act, aka the Wagner Act, (enacted in 7/35) (https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=false&doc=67) and Social Security etc. In other words, Wall Street got its way–it’s version of socialism–and the rest of us got what are now usually called “entitlements.” (See: http://rooseveltinstitute.org/chamber-and-ge-have-plan-restore-business-confidence-and-jobs-1931/ )

    Democrat Roosevelt was Wall Street’s candidate in 1932 after Hoover– who was the winning Republican candidate for president in 1928 against Al Smith–refused to implement the form of fascism (Hoover used the word fascism to describe this program in his autobiography) contemplated under The Swope Plan (https://www.garynorth.com/SwopePlan.pdf), consistent with Bernard Baruch–the national industrial czar under Wilson during World War1 –(https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Industries_Board ) and his assistant Hugh Johnson’s (http://spartacus-educational.com/USARjohnson.htm)
    efforts and research in the 1920s. This research paved the way for the implementation of The Swope Plan by means of the NIRA in the 1930s.

    Roosevelt agreed to the plan when he ran in 1932 and Wall Street contributions flowed to Roosevelt, the Democrat. Yes, the New Deal was a Wall Street plan enacted under a Democratic Wall Street oligarch. And yes, that was after Wall Street financed both sides of the Russian Revolution and the fascists in Italy and Germany. But I digress.

    Baruch’s assistant Johnson became the head of the National Recovery Administration (NRA) under Roosevelt. Walter Teagle, the president of Standard Oil, Gerard Swope, the president of General Electric and Louis Kirstein, vice president of William Filene’s Sons of Boston (a big department store in Boston) became Johnson’s assistants administering the NRA–which in a coupla years was declared unconstitutional by The Supremes. Just a technicality.

    Today Wall Street is calling off the deal and the troglodyte neocons and “conservatives” get to accuse the rest of us —on what is now the side of the deal holding the burning bag of shit– of being just a bunch of losers and economic parasites.

    See: “Wall Street and F.D.R” (hard copy: “Wall Street and FDR: The True Story of How Franklin D. Roosevelt Colluded With Corporate America”
    Franklin Roosevelt as an agent of Wall Street financiers
    — by: Antony C. Sutton, 1975, source: Reformation.org

    http://modernhistoryproject.org/mhp?Article=WallStFDR

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Yup, I can not see the downside.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @bluedog
    Hmm lets see I manufacture wing nuts and find I can ship the jobs to any third world country and get them made for pennies rather than dollars,park my profits in off-shore accounts and then whine because others have followed suit and now we have a sorry underclass (which use to be the middle class) on welfare.

    Hmm lets see I manufacture wing nuts and find I can ship the jobs to any third world country and get them made for pennies rather than dollars, park my profits in off-shore accounts and then whine because others have followed suit and now we have a sorry underclass (which use to be the middle class) on welfare.

    Very true, except that you have to hide what you are doing.

    Economics 101 has been very helpful in this regard:

    1) Everyone benefits from free trade. David Ricardo proved it in the 18th century.
    2) Outsourcing frees up American labour for higher value added work.
    3) We are an advanced post-industrial services economy. Lack of manufacturing is normal.
    4) The “World is Flat” – get used to it. Globalized and no borders.
    5) US workers are not “Cosmopolitan” enough. They have the wrong attitude.

    And if you still don’t get it, keep singing John Lennon’s “Imagine”.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Tick Tock
    You must be God too.!! Either that or a fence post.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • petrified Petras…soon to be installed mummified next to Lenin.

    American Renaissance has an article up right now on how much the US spends on welfare…. it is a trillion a year with almost all going to the useless races.

    Petras the Liar. Never mind a total sap. Joe Webb

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Realist
    But the scenario was if welfare was ended the low lives in big cities would riot and head into the country. I contend that is where they would die.

    Very little essentials are produced in big cities they are net leaches. Rural areas and small and medium size cities would do just fine without big cities. The main product of large cities is 'financial products' which are based on fiat money to make the rich richer at the expense of the middle class.

    Rural areas and small and medium size cities would do just fine without big cities. The main product of large cities is ‘financial products’ which are based on fiat money to make the rich richer at the expense of the middle class.

    You’ve nailed a huge source of problems since at least the founding, the clash of the classes.

    Not 5 minutes ago I happened to be reviewing the source of this quote.

    [Burr’s} cohorts of “forgotten men,” the fellows who had won independence and were left to wonder what had become of it elected a State Assembly almost unanimous for the restoration of democracy and agrarian ascendency.

    -David Loth, Public Plunder, (1938), p94

    The problem has worsened over the decades and the centuries so that now we have the .0001% whose interests clash with those of the rest of us.

    I wish I had a solution.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Ben Frank
    You get what you pay for. If you pay people who don't work, do crimes and develop addictions, then you will have more.

    Worse than that, we are importing millions of new clients for the welfare state.

    Hmm lets see I manufacture wing nuts and find I can ship the jobs to any third world country and get them made for pennies rather than dollars,park my profits in off-shore accounts and then whine because others have followed suit and now we have a sorry underclass (which use to be the middle class) on welfare.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Miro23

    Hmm lets see I manufacture wing nuts and find I can ship the jobs to any third world country and get them made for pennies rather than dollars, park my profits in off-shore accounts and then whine because others have followed suit and now we have a sorry underclass (which use to be the middle class) on welfare.
     
    Very true, except that you have to hide what you are doing.

    Economics 101 has been very helpful in this regard:

    1) Everyone benefits from free trade. David Ricardo proved it in the 18th century.
    2) Outsourcing frees up American labour for higher value added work.
    3) We are an advanced post-industrial services economy. Lack of manufacturing is normal.
    4) The "World is Flat" - get used to it. Globalized and no borders.
    5) US workers are not "Cosmopolitan" enough. They have the wrong attitude.

    And if you still don't get it, keep singing John Lennon's "Imagine".
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @TheOldOne
    Note to self--add Petras to list of those NOT worth reading.

    Note to self–add Petras to list of those NOT worth reading.

    He’s certainly all over the place with this one.

    I about gagged with his virtual hagiography of “the” (there were many variations of it since none of their meddling seemed to work until war got instigated) New Deal, but he did rescue himself a few paragraphs later.

    Over the past forty years the working class and the rump of what was once referred to as the ‘labor movement’ has contributed to the dismantling of the social welfare state…

    What folks don’t seem to realize is that any social welfare state that was increased during the Depression was not about helping Joe Six Pack but was part of the conspiracy to consolidate big business and to impose big government on us in a final blow. And it worked.

    Now that the unions have outlived their usefulness, they’ve been tossed under the bus, and the social welfare state’s been dismantled…

    It’s no wonder that FDR supported Stalin and his slave labor camps in his “worker’s paradise.” In both cases the ultimate goal was the same; only the methods differed.

    Read More
    • Replies: @pogohere
    Roosevelt’s National Industrial Recovery Act (enacted 6/33) (https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc=66) was the deal organized by Wall Street to implement the plans that had been made by Bernard Baruch and Gerard Swope, the latter the head of General Electric, in the 1920s.

    The object was to waive all antitrust laws and permit trade associations of major corporations to set the federal regulatory trade rules while buying off labor by legalizing and protecting union organizing and requiring good faith bargaining under federal law (these rights were reinstated after the National Industrial Recovery Act was declared unconstitutional in May 1935 by the Supreme Court with the passage of the National Labor Relations Act, aka the Wagner Act, (enacted in 7/35) (https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=false&doc=67) and Social Security etc. In other words, Wall Street got its way–it’s version of socialism–and the rest of us got what are now usually called “entitlements.” (See: http://rooseveltinstitute.org/chamber-and-ge-have-plan-restore-business-confidence-and-jobs-1931/ )

    Democrat Roosevelt was Wall Street’s candidate in 1932 after Hoover– who was the winning Republican candidate for president in 1928 against Al Smith–refused to implement the form of fascism (Hoover used the word fascism to describe this program in his autobiography) contemplated under The Swope Plan (https://www.garynorth.com/SwopePlan.pdf), consistent with Bernard Baruch–the national industrial czar under Wilson during World War1 –(https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Industries_Board ) and his assistant Hugh Johnson’s (http://spartacus-educational.com/USARjohnson.htm)
    efforts and research in the 1920s. This research paved the way for the implementation of The Swope Plan by means of the NIRA in the 1930s.

    Roosevelt agreed to the plan when he ran in 1932 and Wall Street contributions flowed to Roosevelt, the Democrat. Yes, the New Deal was a Wall Street plan enacted under a Democratic Wall Street oligarch. And yes, that was after Wall Street financed both sides of the Russian Revolution and the fascists in Italy and Germany. But I digress.

    Baruch’s assistant Johnson became the head of the National Recovery Administration (NRA) under Roosevelt. Walter Teagle, the president of Standard Oil, Gerard Swope, the president of General Electric and Louis Kirstein, vice president of William Filene’s Sons of Boston (a big department store in Boston) became Johnson’s assistants administering the NRA–which in a coupla years was declared unconstitutional by The Supremes. Just a technicality.

    Today Wall Street is calling off the deal and the troglodyte neocons and “conservatives” get to accuse the rest of us —on what is now the side of the deal holding the burning bag of shit– of being just a bunch of losers and economic parasites.

    See: “Wall Street and F.D.R” (hard copy: “Wall Street and FDR: The True Story of How Franklin D. Roosevelt Colluded With Corporate America”
    Franklin Roosevelt as an agent of Wall Street financiers
    — by: Antony C. Sutton, 1975, source: Reformation.org

    http://modernhistoryproject.org/mhp?Article=WallStFDR
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Anonymous
    Like the Pentagon. Americans still don't readily call this welfare, but they will eventually. Defense profiteers are unions in a sense, you're either in their club Or you're in the service industry that surrounds it.

    “When you subsidize something, you get more of it” – Ronald Reagan

    Like the Pentagon.

    And big business. Especially the really big ones.

    Medicare, for instance, was really all about subsidizing the insurance industry.

    Same with the pharmaceutical industry. How many mom and pop pharmacies are left?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Wally
    “They will head into the suburbs and the country as much as the highways allow them to. And don’t fantasize about using your guns to hold them off; there could be tens of thousands descending on your town at once, many of them armed as well. ”

    I doubt they will be doing too much, I understand drug withdrawals are a bitch.

    Thing is, they wouldnt go thru withdrawals. The cities hold police evidence lockers, and pharmaceutical warehouses, plus you dont think the CIA or a mexican gang will see this opportunity to import even more drugs?

    It will be bad for every one. Not just city folk and the surrounding towns.

    We have an impressive freeway system in this country that goes nearly everywhere. Once a few powerful players took charge (or were given power by the cia or whatever clandestine power players that still make the marionettes dance), they would take huge swaths of land and there would be little to stop them. The US military would dissolve, and the few remaining loyalists would be set up on guard duty to protect rich people and a few military installations. The common people will be fucked.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Anonymous
    "isn't penned in by taboos" But is closed by ideology?

    It’s not ideological to conclude that the leftists will never legislate away hard luck, consequences and biology. It’s common sense.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @RadicalCenter
    I see how such a sentiment can cross a normal person's mind. I live in LA, so believe me, I see how that sentiment could cross your mind.

    But millions of good, hardworking, patriotic Americans live in cities that you would, with some justification, describe as s---holes. Like my family here in Los Angeles.

    Secondly, what do you think the surviving savages among the urban populations will do in the wake of such an event? They will head into the suburbs and the country as much as the highways allow them to. And don't fantasize about using your guns to hold them off; there could be tens of thousands descending on your town at once, many of them armed as well. I don't want to see it happen, but it is not hard to envision.

    We ought to try to engineer a "soft landing" for our economy and society, if at all possible. It's in all our interests. It is the height of folly to say "screw it, let it collapse, bring it on" -- especially if you have children. We do.

    This right here. Few people think about the week after the cities burn.
    There will be survivors, and they will fully adopt the “African warlord” mentality and push into the suburbs. And they will have an army, no small town police force or impromptu militia will hold them back. They will be drugged up, and willing to die for their warlord and more then willing to kill, rape and steal whatever they want, from whoever they want.

    This country will BURN. It will BLEED.

    It will cease to exist a month after the cities burn. There might be a few pockets of resistance, but those few survivors wont be the rule, only the exception.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Logan
    For an interesting projection of what might happen in total civilizational collapse, I recommend the Dies the Fire series of novels by SM Stirling.

    It has a science-fictiony setup in that all high-energy system (gunpowder, electricity, explosives, internal combustion, even high-energy steam engines) suddenly stop working. But I think it does a good job of extrapolating what would happen if suddenly the cities did not have food, water, power, etc.

    Spoiler alert: It ain't pretty. Those who dream of a world without guns have not really thought it through.

    But the scenario was if welfare was ended the low lives in big cities would riot and head into the country. I contend that is where they would die.

    Very little essentials are produced in big cities they are net leaches. Rural areas and small and medium size cities would do just fine without big cities. The main product of large cities is ‘financial products’ which are based on fiat money to make the rich richer at the expense of the middle class.

    Read More
    • Replies: @jacques sheete

    Rural areas and small and medium size cities would do just fine without big cities. The main product of large cities is ‘financial products’ which are based on fiat money to make the rich richer at the expense of the middle class.
     
    You've nailed a huge source of problems since at least the founding, the clash of the classes.

    Not 5 minutes ago I happened to be reviewing the source of this quote.

    [Burr’s} cohorts of “forgotten men,” the fellows who had won independence and were left to wonder what had become of it elected a State Assembly almost unanimous for the restoration of democracy and agrarian ascendency.

    -David Loth, Public Plunder, (1938), p94

     

    The problem has worsened over the decades and the centuries so that now we have the .0001% whose interests clash with those of the rest of us.

    I wish I had a solution.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Stripes Duncan
    It's fascinating watching sharp minds reduced to goo as they try to square the circle that is socialism. I'm a dope who does manual labor and I run circles around people with advanced degrees in these kinds of discussions, not because I'm smarter, but because my thought process isn't penned in by taboos.

    For most people these are matters of faith, not logic.

    “isn’t penned in by taboos” But is closed by ideology?

    Read More
    • Replies: @Stripes Duncan
    It's not ideological to conclude that the leftists will never legislate away hard luck, consequences and biology. It's common sense.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Jim
    I don't know about California but the scenario you talk about won't happen in Texas. The mobs you talk about require purposeful leadership and organization which will not exist. Some years ago in Waco a motor-bike gang had a little run with the McLennan County Sheriff's Department. The motor-bike gang lost. A battle between the McLennan County Sheriff's Department and the mobs you talk about would be a massacre of the mob. And there's nothing that special in Texas about McLennan County.

    Sure, the State of Texas can bring enough LEOs to bear on ONE biker gang shoot out. Thirty at roughly the same might be a little different.

    You must be too young to remember the urban riots of the 1960s. There were relatively few firearms in the hands of the Simians, but they still managed to burn down, trash and loot an ass load of wealth.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @phil
    The author doesn't get it. What we have now IS the welfare state in an intensely diverse society. We have more transfer spending than ever before and Obamacare represents another huge entitlement.

    Intellectuals continue to fantasize about the US becoming a Big Sweden, but Sweden has only been successful insofar as it has been a modest nation-state populated by ethnic Swedes. Intense diversity in a huge country with only the remnants of federalism results in massive non-consensual decision-making, fragmentation, increased inequality, and corruption.

    It has been pointed out repeatedly that Sweden does very well relative to the USA. It has also been noted that people of Swedish ancestry in the USA do pretty well also. In fact considerably better than Swedes in Sweden.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Pandos
    You don't have blacks. Easy peasy

    1

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Realist
    "Secondly, what do you think the surviving savages among the urban populations will do in the wake of such an event?"

    Die

    "They will head into the suburbs and the country as much as the highways allow them to. And don’t fantasize about using your guns to hold them off; there could be tens of thousands descending on your town at once, many of them armed as well. "

    The dumb bastards would be lost...while the locals know where they are and know how to hit a target. Being armed means nothing if you can't shoot straight.

    For an interesting projection of what might happen in total civilizational collapse, I recommend the Dies the Fire series of novels by SM Stirling.

    It has a science-fictiony setup in that all high-energy system (gunpowder, electricity, explosives, internal combustion, even high-energy steam engines) suddenly stop working. But I think it does a good job of extrapolating what would happen if suddenly the cities did not have food, water, power, etc.

    Spoiler alert: It ain’t pretty. Those who dream of a world without guns have not really thought it through.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Realist
    But the scenario was if welfare was ended the low lives in big cities would riot and head into the country. I contend that is where they would die.

    Very little essentials are produced in big cities they are net leaches. Rural areas and small and medium size cities would do just fine without big cities. The main product of large cities is 'financial products' which are based on fiat money to make the rich richer at the expense of the middle class.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @phil
    The author doesn't get it. What we have now IS the welfare state in an intensely diverse society. We have more transfer spending than ever before and Obamacare represents another huge entitlement.

    Intellectuals continue to fantasize about the US becoming a Big Sweden, but Sweden has only been successful insofar as it has been a modest nation-state populated by ethnic Swedes. Intense diversity in a huge country with only the remnants of federalism results in massive non-consensual decision-making, fragmentation, increased inequality, and corruption.

    It’s fascinating watching sharp minds reduced to goo as they try to square the circle that is socialism. I’m a dope who does manual labor and I run circles around people with advanced degrees in these kinds of discussions, not because I’m smarter, but because my thought process isn’t penned in by taboos.

    For most people these are matters of faith, not logic.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Anonymous
    "isn't penned in by taboos" But is closed by ideology?
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • The arguments of the most educated, credentialed, and eloquent socialist will always boil down to “not enough money/not been properly tried yet” because their ideology is a lake of bullshit a mile wide but only an inch deep. There’s just not really that much to it.

    There’s only so many ways you can say “gibsmuhdat.”

    All the New Deal and unions served to do was engineer a nation of spoiled lazy retards and the big worry seems to be how do we keep it going?

    This band-aid is coming off one way or another. I live in the PNW and lemme tell ya there was nothing so rich as watching the union crybabies at Boeing watch some of their 787 production go to South Carolina because they didn’t feel they were getting compensated enough to put the green screw in seat 25A. Unions killed themselves off because of greed.

    Read More
    • Agree: Buck
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • increasing the number of mind-numbing, poorly paid, and politically impotent jobs in the so-called ‘service sector’ – a rapidly growing section of unorganized and vulnerable workers – especially including women and minorities.

    Vulnerable workers-women and minorities. Right. Women and minorities run, rule, even terrorize the joint, Coast to Coast. Interesting bit of virtue signaling to “vulnerable women and minorities”. Petras must not spend much time around the American Popsicle stand. Or read a paper. Or Unz. Women and minorities along with their Jewish partners have rendered us poor Whites to lower-caste. Soon, they won’t have Dick Nixon to kick around anymore.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @HallParvey

    The welfare state is alive and well for corporate America. Unions are still here – but they are defined by access and secrecy, you’re either in the club or not.
     
    They are largely defined as Doctors, Lawyers, and University Professors who teach the first two. Of course they are not called unions. Access is via credentialing and licensing.

    Good Day

    What came first, the credentialing or the idea that it is a necessary part of education? It certainly isn’t an accurate indication of what people know or their general intelligence – although that myth has flourished. Good afternoon.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Pandos
    You don't have blacks. Easy peasy

    Well they have them now, and a lot of low IQ browns.

    Things are not going so well in the Scandinavian Socialist Paradise.

    And it’s just the beginning.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:
    @Linda Green
    This essay is a fantastic example of far-left agit-prop (agitation propaganda). This is the stuff Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren & Barack Obama would recite with a similar effect as throwing red meat at lions.

    What a load of Bull****!

    Bernie Sanders, speaking on behalf of the MIC’s welfare bird: “It is the airplane of the United States Air Force, Navy, and of NATO.”

    Elizabeth Warren, referring to Mossad’s Estes Rockets: “The Israeli military has the right to attack Palestinian hospitals and schools in self defense”

    Barack Obama, yukking it up with pop stars: “Two words for you: predator drones. You will never see it coming.”

    It’s not the agitprop that confuses the sheep, it’s whose blowhole it’s coming out of (labled D or R for convenience) that gets them to bare their teeth and speak of poo.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Anonymous
    As other commenters have pointed out, it's Petras curious choice of words that sometimes don't make too much sense. We can probably blame the maleable English language for that, but here it's too obvious. If you don't define a union, people might assume you're only talking about a bunch of meat cutters at Safeway.

    The welfare state is alive and well for corporate America. Unions are still here - but they are defined by access and secrecy, you're either in the club or not.

    The war on unions was successful first by co-option but mostly by the media. But what kind of analysis leaves out the role of the media in the American transformation? The success is mind blowing.

    America has barely literate (white) middle aged males trained to spout incoherent Calvinistic weirdness: unabased hatred for the poor (or whoever they're told to hate) and a glorification of hedge fund managers as they get laid off, fired and foreclosed on, with a side of opiates.

    There is hardly anything more tragic then seeing a web filled with progressives (management consultants) dedicated to disempowering, disabling and deligitimizing victims by claiming they are victims of biology, disease or a lack of an education rather than a system that issues violence while portending (with the best media money can buy) that they claim the higher ground.

    The welfare state is alive and well for corporate America. Unions are still here – but they are defined by access and secrecy, you’re either in the club or not.

    They are largely defined as Doctors, Lawyers, and University Professors who teach the first two. Of course they are not called unions. Access is via credentialing and licensing.

    Good Day

    Read More
    • Replies: @Anonymous
    What came first, the credentialing or the idea that it is a necessary part of education? It certainly isn't an accurate indication of what people know or their general intelligence - although that myth has flourished. Good afternoon.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • The author doesn’t get it. What we have now IS the welfare state in an intensely diverse society. We have more transfer spending than ever before and Obamacare represents another huge entitlement.

    Intellectuals continue to fantasize about the US becoming a Big Sweden, but Sweden has only been successful insofar as it has been a modest nation-state populated by ethnic Swedes. Intense diversity in a huge country with only the remnants of federalism results in massive non-consensual decision-making, fragmentation, increased inequality, and corruption.

    Read More
    • Replies: @Stripes Duncan
    It's fascinating watching sharp minds reduced to goo as they try to square the circle that is socialism. I'm a dope who does manual labor and I run circles around people with advanced degrees in these kinds of discussions, not because I'm smarter, but because my thought process isn't penned in by taboos.

    For most people these are matters of faith, not logic.
    , @Logan
    It has been pointed out repeatedly that Sweden does very well relative to the USA. It has also been noted that people of Swedish ancestry in the USA do pretty well also. In fact considerably better than Swedes in Sweden.
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • @Issac
    If South Africa or Zimbabwe are any indicator, the vast majority of the white American population will be displaced or dead before total economic collapse.

    In 100 years everybody alive today, with few exceptions, will be dead. Cease to exist. The future will belong to those who show up. These are absolutes.

    Good Day.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.