The Unz Review - Mobile
A Collection of Interesting, Important, and Controversial Perspectives Largely Excluded from the American Mainstream Media

Bookmark Toggle AllToCAdd to LibraryRemove from Library • BShow CommentNext New CommentNext New Reply
Current Commenter says:

Leave a Reply -


 Remember My InformationWhy?
 Email Replies to my Comment
Submitted comments become the property of The Unz Review and may be republished elsewhere at the sole discretion of the latter
Commenters to FollowHide Excerpts
By Authors Filter?
Andrei Martyanov Andrew J. Bacevich Andrew Joyce Andrew Napolitano Boyd D. Cathey Brad Griffin C.J. Hopkins Chanda Chisala Eamonn Fingleton Eric Margolis Fred Reed Godfree Roberts Gustavo Arellano Ilana Mercer Israel Shamir James Kirkpatrick James Petras James Thompson Jared Taylor JayMan John Derbyshire John Pilger Jonathan Revusky Kevin MacDonald Linh Dinh Michael Hoffman Michael Hudson Mike Whitney Nathan Cofnas Norman Finkelstein Pat Buchanan Patrick Cockburn Paul Craig Roberts Paul Gottfried Paul Kersey Peter Frost Peter Lee Philip Giraldi Philip Weiss Robert Weissberg Ron Paul Ron Unz Stephen J. Sniegoski The Saker Tom Engelhardt A. Graham Adam Hochschild Aedon Cassiel Ahmet Öncü Alexander Cockburn Alexander Hart Alfred McCoy Alison Rose Levy Alison Weir Anand Gopal Andre Damon Andrew Cockburn Andrew Fraser Andy Kroll Ann Jones Anonymous Anthony DiMaggio Ariel Dorfman Arlie Russell Hochschild Arno Develay Arnold Isaacs Artem Zagorodnov Astra Taylor Austen Layard Aviva Chomsky Ayman Fadel Barbara Ehrenreich Barbara Garson Barbara Myers Barry Lando Belle Chesler Beverly Gologorsky Bill Black Bill Moyers Bob Dreyfuss Bonnie Faulkner Brenton Sanderson Brett Redmayne-Titley Brian Dew Carl Horowitz Catherine Crump Charles Bausman Charles Goodhart Charles Wood Charlotteville Survivor Chase Madar Chris Hedges Chris Roberts Christian Appy Christopher DeGroot Chuck Spinney Coleen Rowley Cooper Sterling Craig Murray Dahr Jamail Dan E. Phillips Dan Sanchez Daniel McAdams Danny Sjursen Dave Kranzler Dave Lindorff David Barsamian David Bromwich David Chibo David Gordon David North David Vine David Walsh David William Pear Dean Baker Dennis Saffran Diana Johnstone Dilip Hiro Dirk Bezemer Ed Warner Edmund Connelly Eduardo Galeano Ellen Cantarow Ellen Packer Ellison Lodge Eric Draitser Eric Zuesse Erik Edstrom Erika Eichelberger Erin L. Thompson Eugene Girin F. Roger Devlin Franklin Lamb Frida Berrigan Friedrich Zauner Gabriel Black Gary Corseri Gary North Gary Younge Gene Tuttle George Albert George Bogdanich George Szamuely Georgianne Nienaber Glenn Greenwald Greg Grandin Greg Johnson Gregoire Chamayou Gregory Foster Gregory Hood Gregory Wilpert Guest Admin Hannah Appel Hans-Hermann Hoppe Harri Honkanen Henry Cockburn Hina Shamsi Howard Zinn Hubert Collins Hugh McInnish Ira Chernus Jack Kerwick Jack Rasmus Jack Ravenwood Jack Sen James Bovard James Carroll James Fulford Jane Lazarre Jared S. Baumeister Jason C. Ditz Jason Kessler Jay Stanley Jeff J. Brown Jeffrey Blankfort Jeffrey St. Clair Jen Marlowe Jeremiah Goulka Jeremy Cooper Jesse Mossman Jim Daniel Jim Kavanagh JoAnn Wypijewski Joe Lauria Johannes Wahlstrom John W. Dower John Feffer John Fund John Harrison Sims John Reid John Stauber John Taylor John V. Walsh John Williams Jon Else Jonathan Alan King Jonathan Anomaly Jonathan Rooper Jonathan Schell Joseph Kishore Juan Cole Judith Coburn K.R. Bolton Karel Van Wolferen Karen Greenberg Kelley Vlahos Kersasp D. Shekhdar Kevin Barrett Kevin Zeese Kshama Sawant Lance Welton Laura Gottesdiener Laura Poitras Laurent Guyénot Lawrence G. Proulx Leo Hohmann Linda Preston Logical Meme Lorraine Barlett M.G. Miles Mac Deford Maidhc O Cathail Malcolm Unwell Marcus Alethia Marcus Cicero Margaret Flowers Mark Danner Mark Engler Mark Perry Matt Parrott Mattea Kramer Matthew Harwood Matthew Richer Matthew Stevenson Max Blumenthal Max Denken Max North Maya Schenwar Michael Gould-Wartofsky Michael Schwartz Michael T. Klare Murray Polner Nan Levinson Naomi Oreskes Nate Terani Ned Stark Nelson Rosit Nicholas Stix Nick Kollerstrom Nick Turse Noam Chomsky Nomi Prins Patrick Cleburne Patrick Cloutier Paul Cochrane Paul Engler Paul Nachman Paul Nehlen Pepe Escobar Peter Brimelow Peter Gemma Peter Van Buren Pierre M. Sprey Pratap Chatterjee Publius Decius Mus Rajan Menon Ralph Nader Ramin Mazaheri Ramziya Zaripova Randy Shields Ray McGovern Razib Khan Rebecca Gordon Rebecca Solnit Richard Krushnic Richard Silverstein Rick Shenkman Rita Rozhkova Robert Baxter Robert Bonomo Robert Fisk Robert Lipsyte Robert Parry Robert Roth Robert S. Griffin Robert Scheer Robert Trivers Robin Eastman Abaya Roger Dooghy Ronald N. Neff Rory Fanning Sam Francis Sam Husseini Sayed Hasan Sharmini Peries Sheldon Richman Spencer Davenport Spencer Quinn Stefan Karganovic Steffen A. Woll Stephanie Savell Stephen J. Rossi Steve Fraser Steven Yates Sydney Schanberg Tanya Golash-Boza Ted Rall Theodore A. Postol Thierry Meyssan Thomas Frank Thomas O. Meehan Tim Shorrock Tim Weiner Tobias Langdon Todd E. Pierce Todd Gitlin Todd Miller Tom Piatak Tom Suarez Tom Sunic Tracy Rosenberg Virginia Dare Vladimir Brovkin Vox Day W. Patrick Lang Walter Block William Binney William DeBuys William Hartung William J. Astore Winslow T. Wheeler Ximena Ortiz Yan Shen
Nothing found
By Topics/Categories Filter?
2016 Election 9/11 Academia AIPAC Alt Right American Media American Military American Pravda Anti-Semitism Benjamin Netanyahu Blacks Britain China Conservative Movement Conspiracy Theories Deep State Donald Trump Economics Foreign Policy Hillary Clinton History Ideology Immigration IQ Iran ISIS Islam Israel Israel Lobby Israel/Palestine Jews Middle East Neocons Political Correctness Race/IQ Race/Ethnicity Republicans Russia Science Syria Terrorism Turkey Ukraine Vladimir Putin World War II 1971 War 2008 Election 2012 Election 2014 Election 23andMe 70th Anniversary Parade 75-0-25 Or Something A Farewell To Alms A. J. West A Troublesome Inheritance Aarab Barghouti Abc News Abdelhamid Abaaoud Abe Abe Foxman Abigail Marsh Abortion Abraham Lincoln Abu Ghraib Abu Zubaydah Academy Awards Acheivement Gap Acid Attacks Adam Schiff Addiction Adoptees Adoption Adoption Twins ADRA2b AEI Affective Empathy Affirmative Action Affordable Family Formation Afghanistan Africa African Americans African Genetics Africans Afrikaner Afrocentricism Agriculture Aha AIDS Ain't Nobody Got Time For That. Ainu Aircraft Carriers AirSea Battle Al Jazeera Al-Qaeda Alan Dershowitz Alan Macfarlane Albania Alberto Del Rosario Albion's Seed Alcohol Alcoholism Alexander Hamilton Alexandre Skirda Alexis De Tocqueville Algeria All Human Behavioral Traits Are Heritable All Traits Are Heritable Alpha Centauri Alpha Males Alt Left Altruism Amazon.com America The Beautiful American Atheists American Debt American Exceptionalism American Flag American Jews American Left American Legion American Nations American Nations American Prisons American Renaissance Americana Amerindians Amish Amish Quotient Amnesty Amnesty International Amoral Familialism Amy Chua Amygdala An Hbd Liberal Anaconda Anatoly Karlin Ancestry Ancient DNA Ancient Genetics Ancient Jews Ancient Near East Anders Breivik Andrei Nekrasov Andrew Jackson Androids Angela Stent Angelina Jolie Anglo-Saxons Ann Coulter Anne Buchanan Anne Heche Annual Country Reports On Terrorism Anthropology Antibiotics Antifa Antiquity Antiracism Antisocial Behavior Antiwar Movement Antonin Scalia Antonio Trillanes IV Anywhere But Here Apartheid Appalachia Appalachians Arab Christianity Arab Spring Arabs Archaic DNA Archaic Humans Arctic Humans Arctic Resources Argentina Argentina Default Armenians Army-McCarthy Hearings Arnon Milchan Art Arthur Jensen Artificial Intelligence As-Safir Ash Carter Ashkenazi Intelligence Ashkenazi Jews Ashraf Ghani Asia Asian Americans Asian Quotas Asians ASPM Assassinations Assimilation Assortative Mating Atheism Atlantic Council Attractiveness Attractiveness Australia Australian Aboriginals Austria Austro-Hungarian Empire Austronesians Autism Automation Avi Tuschman Avigdor Lieberman Ayodhhya Babri Masjid Baby Boom Baby Gap Baby Girl Jay Backlash Bacterial Vaginosis Bad Science Bahrain Balanced Polymorphism Balkans Baltimore Riots Bangladesh Banking Banking Industry Banking System Banks Barack H. Obama Barack Obama Barbara Comstock Bariatric Surgery Baseball Bashar Al-Assad Baumeister BDA BDS Movement Beauty Beauty Standards Behavior Genetics Behavioral Genetics Behaviorism Beijing Belgrade Embassy Bombing Believeing In Observational Studies Is Nuts Ben Cardin Ben Carson Benghazi Benjamin Cardin Berlin Wall Bernard Henri-Levy Bernard Lewis Bernie Madoff Bernie Sanders Bernies Sanders Beta Males BICOM Big Five Bilingual Education Bill 59 Bill Clinton Bill Kristol Bill Maher Billionaires Billy Graham Birds Of A Feather Birth Order Birth Rate Bisexuality Bisexuals BJP Black Americans Black Crime Black History Black Lives Matter Black Metal Black Muslims Black Panthers Black Women Attractiveness Blackface Blade Runner Blogging Blond Hair Blue Eyes Bmi Boasian Anthropology Boderlanders Boeing Boers Boiling Off Boko Haram Bolshevik Revolution Books Border Reivers Borderlander Borderlanders Boris Johnson Bosnia Boston Bomb Boston Marathon Bombing Bowe Bergdahl Boycott Divest And Sanction Boycott Divestment And Sanctions Brain Brain Scans Brain Size Brain Structure Brazil Breaking Down The Bullshit Breeder's Equation Bret Stephens Brexit Brian Boutwell Brian Resnick BRICs Brighter Brains Brighton Broken Hill Brown Eyes Bruce Jenner Bruce Lahn brussels Bryan Caplan BS Bundy Family Burakumin Burma Bush Administration C-section Cagots Caitlyn Jenner California Cambodia Cameron Russell Campaign Finance Campaign For Liberty Campus Rape Canada Canada Day Canadian Flag Canadians Cancer Candida Albicans Cannabis Capital Punishment Capitalism Captain Chicken Cardiovascular Disease Care Package Carl Sagan Carly Fiorina Caroline Glick Carroll Quigley Carry Me Back To Ole Virginny Carter Page Castes Catalonia Catholic Church Catholicism Catholics Causation Cavaliers CCTV Censorship Central Asia Chanda Chisala Charles Darwin Charles Krauthammer Charles Murray Charles Schumer Charleston Shooting Charlie Hebdo Charlie Rose Charlottesville Chechens Chechnya Cherlie Hebdo Child Abuse Child Labor Children Chimerism China/America China Stock Market Meltdown China Vietnam Chinese Chinese Communist Party Chinese Evolution Chinese Exclusion Act Chlamydia Chris Gown Chris Rock Chris Stringer Christian Fundamentalism Christianity Christmas Christopher Steele Chuck Chuck Hagel Chuck Schumer CIA Cinema Civil Liberties Civil Rights Civil War Civilian Deaths CJIA Clannishness Clans Clark-unz Selection Classical Economics Classical History Claude-Lévi-Strauss Climate Climate Change Clinton Global Initiative Cliodynamics Cloudburst Flight Clovis Cochran And Harpending Coefficient Of Relationship Cognitive Empathy Cognitive Psychology Cohorts Cold War Colin Kaepernick Colin Woodard Colombia Colonialism Colonists Coming Apart Comments Communism Confederacy Confederate Flag Conflict Of Interest Congress Consanguinity Conscientiousness Consequences Conservatism Conservatives Constitution Constitutional Theory Consumer Debt Cornel West Corporal Punishment Correlation Is Still Not Causation Corruption Corruption Perception Index Costa Concordia Cousin Marriage Cover Story CPEC Craniometry CRIF Crime Crimea Criminality Crowded Crowding Cruise Missiles Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis Cuckold Envy Cuckservative Cultural Evolution Cultural Marxism Cut The Sh*t Guys DACA Dads Vs Cads Daily Mail Dalai Lama Dallas Shooting Dalliard Dalton Trumbo Damascus Bombing Dan Freedman Dana Milbank Daniel Callahan Danish Daren Acemoglu Dark Ages Dark Tetrad Dark Triad Darwinism Data Posts David Brooks David Friedman David Frum David Goldenberg David Hackett Fischer David Ignatius David Katz David Kramer David Lane David Petraeus Davide Piffer Davos Death Death Penalty Debbie Wasserman-Schultz Debt Declaration Of Universal Human Rights Deep Sleep Deep South Democracy Democratic Party Democrats Demographic Transition Demographics Demography Denisovans Denmark Dennis Ross Depression Deprivation Deregulation Derek Harvey Desired Family Size Detroit Development Developmental Noise Developmental Stability Diabetes Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders Dialects Dick Cheney Die Nibelungen Dienekes Diet Different Peoples Is Different Dinesh D'Souza Dirty Bomb Discrimination Discrimination Paradigm Disney Dissent Diversity Dixie Django Unchained Do You Really Want To Know? Doing My Part Doll Tests Dollar Domestic Terrorism Dominique Strauss-Kahn Dopamine Douglas MacArthur Dr James Thompson Drd4 Dreams From My Father Dresden Drew Barrymore Dreyfus Affair Drinking Drone War Drones Drug Cartels Drugs Dry Counties DSM Dunning-kruger Effect Dusk In Autumn Dustin Hoffman Duterte Dylan Roof Dylann Roof Dysgenic E.O. 9066 E. O. Wilson Eagleman East Asia East Asians Eastern Europe Eastern Europeans Ebola Economic Development Economic Sanctions Economy Ed Miller Education Edward Price Edward Snowden EEA Egypt Eisenhower El Salvador Elections Electric Cars Elie Wiesel Eliot Cohen Eliot Engel Elites Ellen Walker Elliot Abrams Elliot Rodger Elliott Abrams Elon Musk Emigration Emil Kirkegaard Emmanuel Macron Emmanuel Todd Empathy England English Civil War Enhanced Interrogations Enoch Powell Entrepreneurship Environment Environmental Estrogens Environmentalism Erdogan Eric Cantor Espionage Estrogen Ethiopia Ethnic Genetic Interests Ethnic Nepotism Ethnicity EU Eugenic Eugenics Eurasia Europe European Right European Union Europeans Eurozone Everything Evil Evolution Evolutionary Biology Evolutionary Psychology Exercise Extraversion Extreterrestrials Eye Color Eyes Ezra Cohen-Watnick Face Recognition Face Shape Faces Facts Fake News fallout Family Studies Far West Farmers Farming Fascism Fat Head Fat Shaming Father Absence FBI Federal Reserve Female Deference Female Homosexuality Female Sexual Response Feminism Feminists Ferguson Shooting Fertility Fertility Fertility Rates Fethullah Gulen Fetish Feuds Fields Medals FIFA Fifty Shades Of Grey Film Finance Financial Bailout Financial Bubbles Financial Debt Financial Sector Financial Times Finland First Amendment First Law First World War FISA Fitness Flags Flight From White Fluctuating Asymmetry Flynn Effect Food Football For Profit Schools Foreign Service Fourth Of July Fracking Fragrances France Francesco Schettino Frank Salter Frankfurt School Frantz Fanon Franz Boas Fred Hiatt Fred Reed Freddie Gray Frederic Hof Free Speech Free Trade Free Will Freedom Of Navigation Freedom Of Speech French Canadians French National Front French Paradox Friendly & Conventional Front National Frost-harpending Selection Fulford Funny G G Spot Gaddafi Gallipoli Game Gardnerella Vaginalis Gary Taubes Gay Germ Gay Marriage Gays/Lesbians Gaza Gaza Flotilla Gcta Gender Gender Gender And Sexuality Gender Confusion Gender Equality Gender Identity Disorder Gender Reassignment Gene-Culture Coevolution Gene-environment Correlation General Intelligence General Social Survey General Theory Of The West Genes Genes: They Matter Bitches Genetic Diversity Genetic Divides Genetic Engineering Genetic Load Genetic Pacification Genetics Genetics Of Height Genocide Genomics Geography Geopolitics George Bush George Clooney George Patton George Romero George Soros George Tenet George W. Bush George Wallace Germ Theory German Catholics Germans Germany Get It Right Get Real Ghouta Gilgit Baltistan Gina Haspel Glenn Beck Glenn Greenwald Global Terrorism Index Global Warming Globalism Globalization God Delusion Goetsu Going Too Far Gold Gold Warriors Goldman Sachs Good Advice Google Gordon Gallup Goths Government Debt Government Incompetence Government Spending Government Surveillance Great Depression Great Leap Forward Great Recession Greater Appalachia Greece Greeks Greg Clark Greg Cochran Gregory B Christainsen Gregory Clark Gregory Cochran Gregory House GRF Grooming Group Intelligence Group Selection Grumpy Cat GSS Guangzhou Guantanamo Guardian Guilt Culture Gun Control Guns Gynephilia Gypsies H-1B H Bomb H.R. McMaster H1-B Visas Haim Saban Hair Color Hair Lengthening Haiti Hajnal Line Hamas Hamilton: An American Musical Hamilton's Rule Happiness Happy Turkey Day ... Unless You're The Turkey Harriet Tubman Harry Jaffa Harvard Harvey Weinstein Hasbara Hassidim Hate Crimes Hate Speech Hatemi Havelock Ellis Haymarket Affair Hbd Hbd Chick HBD Denial Hbd Fallout Hbd Readers Head Size Health And Medicine Health Care Healthcare Heart Disease Heart Health Heart Of Asia Conference Heartiste Heather Norton Height Helmuth Nyborg Hemoglobin Henri De Man Henry Harpending Henry Kissinger Herbert John Fleure Heredity Heritability Hexaco Hezbollah High Iq Fertility Hip Hop Hiroshima Hispanic Crime Hispanic Paradox Hispanics Historical Genetics Hitler HKND Hollywood Holocaust Homicide Homicide Rate Homo Altaiensis Homophobia Homosexuality Honesty-humility House Intelligence Committee House M.d. House Md House Of Cards Housing Huey Long Huey Newton Hugo Chavez Human Biodiversity Human Evolution Human Genetics Human Genomics Human Nature Human Rights Human Varieties Humor Hungary Hunter-Gatherers Hunting Hurricane Hurricane Harvey I.F. Stone I Kissed A Girl And I Liked It I Love Italians I.Q. Genomics Ian Deary Ibd Ibo Ice T Iceland I'd Like To Think It's Obvious I Know What I'm Talking About Ideology And Worldview Idiocracy Igbo Ignorance Ilana Mercer Illegal Immigration IMF immigrants Immigration Imperial Presidency Imperialism Imran Awan In The Electric Mist Inbreeding Income Independence Day India Indians Individualism Inequality Infection Theory Infidelity Intelligence Internet Internet Research Agency Interracial Marriage Inuit Ioannidis Ioannis Metaxas Iosif Lazaridis Iq Iq And Wealth Iran Nuclear Agreement Iran Nuclear Program Iran Sanctions Iranian Nuclear Program Iraq Iraq War Ireland Irish ISIS. Terrorism Islamic Jihad Islamophobia Isolationism Israel Defense Force Israeli Occupation Israeli Settlements Israeli Spying Italianthro Italy It's Determinism - Genetics Is Just A Part It's Not Nature And Nurture Ivanka Ivy League Iwo Eleru J. Edgar Hoover Jack Keane Jake Tapper JAM-GC Jamaica James Clapper James Comey James Fanell James Mattis James Wooley Jamie Foxx Jane Harman Jane Mayer Janet Yellen Japan Japanese Jared Diamond Jared Kushner Jared Taylor Jason Malloy JASTA Jayman Jr. Jayman's Wife Jeff Bezos Jennifer Rubin Jensen Jeremy Corbyn Jerrold Nadler Jerry Seinfeld Jesse Bering Jesuits Jewish History JFK Assassination Jill Stein Jim Crow Joe Cirincione Joe Lieberman John Allen John B. Watson John Boehner John Bolton John Brennan John Derbyshire John Durant John F. Kennedy John Hawks John Hoffecker John Kasich John Kerry John Ladue John McCain John McLaughlin John McWhorter John Mearsheimer John Tooby Joke Posts Jonathan Freedland Jonathan Pollard Joseph Lieberman Joseph McCarthy Judaism Judicial System Judith Harris Julian Assange Jute K.d. Lang Kagans Kanazawa Kashmir Katibat Al-Battar Al-Libi Katy Perry Kay Hymowitz Keith Ellison Ken Livingstone Kenneth Marcus Kennewick Man Kevin MacDonald Kevin McCarthy Kevin Mitchell Kevin Williamson KGL-9268 Khazars Kim Jong Un Kimberly Noble Kin Altruism Kin Selection Kink Kinship Kissing Kiwis Kkk Knesset Know-nothings Korea Korean War Kosovo Ku Klux Klan Kurds Kurt Campbell Labor Day Lactose Lady Gaga Language Larkana Conspiracy Larry Summers Larung Gar Las Vegas Massacre Latin America Latinos Latitude Latvia Law Law Of War Manual Laws Of Behavioral Genetics Lead Poisoning Lebanon Leda Cosmides Lee Kuan Yew Left Coast Left/Right Lenin Leo Strauss Lesbians LGBT Liberal Creationism Liberalism Liberals Libertarianism Libertarians Libya life-expectancy Life In Space Life Liberty And The Pursuit Of Happyness Lifestyle Light Skin Preference Lindsay Graham Lindsey Graham Literacy Litvinenko Lloyd Blankfein Locus Of Control Logan's Run Lombok Strait Long Ass Posts Longevity Look AHEAD Looting Lorde Love Love Dolls Lover Boys Low-carb Low-fat Low Wages LRSO Lutherans Lyndon Johnson M Factor M.g. MacArthur Awards Machiavellianism Madeleine Albright Mahmoud Abbas Maine Malacca Strait Malaysian Airlines MH17 Male Homosexuality Mamasapano Mangan Manor Manorialism Manosphere Manufacturing Mao-a Mao Zedong Maoism Maori Map Posts maps Marc Faber Marco Rubio Marijuana Marine Le Pen Mark Carney Mark Steyn Mark Warner Market Economy Marriage Martin Luther King Marwan Marwan Barghouti Marxism Mary White Ovington Masha Gessen Mass Shootings Massacre In Nice Mate Choice Mate Value Math Mathematics Maulana Bhashani Max Blumenthal Max Boot Max Brooks Mayans McCain/POW Mearsheimer-Walt Measurement Error Mega-Aggressions Mega-anlysis Megan Fox Megyn Kelly Melanin Memorial Day Mental Health Mental Illness Mental Traits Meritocracy Merkel Mesolithic Meta-analysis Meth Mexican-American War Mexico Michael Anton Michael Bloomberg Michael Flynn Michael Hudson Michael Jackson Michael Lewis Michael Morell Michael Pompeo Michael Weiss Michael Woodley Michele Bachmann Michelle Bachmann Michelle Obama Microaggressions Microcephalin Microsoft Middle Ages Mideastwire Migration Mike Huckabee Mike Pence Mike Pompeo Mike Signer Mikhail Khodorkovsky Militarized Police Military Military Pay Military Spending Milner Group Mindanao Minimum Wage Minnesota Transracial Adoption Study Minorities Minstrels Mirror Neurons Miscellaneous Misdreavus Missile Defense Mitt Romney Mixed-Race Modern Humans Mohammed Bin Salman Moldova Monogamy Moral Absolutism Moral Universalism Morality Mormons Moro Mortality Mossad Mountains Movies Moxie Mrs. Jayman MTDNA Muammar Gaddafi Multiculturalism Multiregional Model Music Muslim Muslim Ban Muslims Mutual Assured Destruction My Lai My Old Kentucky Home Myanmar Mysticism Nagasaki Nancy Segal Narendra Modi Nascar National Debt National Differences National Review National Security State National Security Strategy National Wealth Nationalism Native Americans NATO Natural Selection Nature Vs. Nurture Navy Yard Shooting Naz Shah Nazi Nazis Nazism Nbc News Nbc Nightly News Neanderthals NED Neo-Nazis Neoconservatism Neoconservatives Neoliberalism Neolithic Netherlands Neuropolitics Neuroticism Never Forget The Genetic Confound New Addition New Atheists New Cold War New England Patriots New France New French New Netherland New Qing History New Rules New Silk Road New World Order New York City New York Times Newfoundland Newt Gingrich NFL Nicaragua Canal Nicholas Sarkozy Nicholas Wade Nigeria Nightly News Nikki Haley No Free Will Nobel Prize Nobel Prized Nobosuke Kishi Nordics North Africa North Korea Northern Ireland Northwest Europe Norway NSA NSA Surveillance Nuclear Proliferation Nuclear War Nuclear Weapons Null Result Nurture Nurture Assumption Nutrition Nuts NYPD O Mio Babbino Caro Obama Obamacare Obesity Obscured American Occam's Razor Occupy Occupy Wall Street Oceania Oil Oil Industry Old Folks At Home Olfaction Oliver Stone Olympics Omega Males Ominous Signs Once You Go Black Open To Experience Openness To Experience Operational Sex Ratio Opiates Opioids Orban Organ Transplants Orlando Shooting Orthodoxy Osama Bin Laden Ottoman Empire Our Political Nature Out Of Africa Model Outbreeding Oxtr Oxytocin Paekchong Pakistan Pakistani Palatability Paleoamerindians Paleocons Paleolibertarianism Palestine Palestinians Pamela Geller Panama Canal Panama Papers Parasite Parasite Burden Parasite Manipulation Parent-child Interactions Parenting Parenting Parenting Behavioral Genetics Paris Attacks Paris Spring Parsi Paternal Investment Pathogens Patriot Act Patriotism Paul Ewald Paul Krugman Paul Lepage Paul Manafort Paul Ryan Paul Singer Paul Wolfowitz Pavel Grudinin Peace Index Peak Jobs Pearl Harbor Pedophilia Peers Peggy Seagrave Pennsylvania Pentagon Perception Management Personality Peru Peter Frost Peter Thiel Peter Turchin Phil Onderdonk Phil Rushton Philip Breedlove Philippines Physical Anthropology Pierre Van Den Berghe Pieter Van Ostaeyen Piigs Pioneer Hypothesis Pioneers PISA Pizzagate Planets Planned Parenthood Pledge Of Allegiance Pleiotropy Pol Pot Poland Police State Police Training Politics Poll Results Polls Polygenic Score Polygyny Pope Francis Population Growth Population Replacement Populism Pornography Portugal Post 199 Post 201 Post 99 Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc Post-Nationalism Pot Poverty PRC Prenatal Hormones Prescription Drugs Press Censorship Pretty Graphs Prince Bandar Priti Patel Privatization Progressives Project Plowshares Propaganda Prostitution Protestantism Proud To Be Black Psychology Psychometrics Psychopaths Psychopathy Pubertal Timing Public Schools Puerto Rico Punishment Puritans Putin Pwc Qatar Quakers Quantitative Genetics Quebec Quebecois Race Race And Crime Race And Genomics Race And Iq Race And Religion Race/Crime Race Denialism Race Riots Rachel Dolezal Rachel Maddow Racial Intelligence Racial Reality Racism Radical Islam Ralph And Coop Ralph Nader Rand Paul Randy Fine Rap Music Raqqa Rating People Rationality Raul Pedrozo Razib Khan Reaction Time Reading Real Estate Real Women Really Stop The Armchair Psychoanalysis Recep Tayyip Erdogan Reciprocal Altruism Reconstruction Red Hair Red State Blue State Red States Blue States Refugee Crisis Regional Differences Regional Populations Regression To The Mean Religion Religion Religion And Philosophy Rena Wing Renewable Energy Rentier Reprint Reproductive Strategy Republican Jesus Republican Party Responsibility Reuel Gerecht Reverend Moon Revolution Of 1905 Revolutions Rex Tillerson Richard Dawkins Richard Dyer Richard Lewontin Richard Lynn Richard Nixon Richard Pryor Richard Pryor Live On The Sunset Strip Richard Russell Rick Perry Rickets Rikishi Robert Ford Robert Kraft Robert Lindsay Robert McNamara Robert Mueller Robert Mugabe Robert Plomin Robert Putnam Robert Reich Robert Spencer Robocop Robots Roe Vs. Wade Roger Ailes Rohingya Roman Empire Rome Ron Paul Ron Unz Ronald Reagan Rooshv Rosemary Hopcroft Ross Douthat Ross Perot Rotherham Roy Moore RT International Rupert Murdoch Rural Liberals Rushton Russell Kirk Russia-Georgia War Russiagate Russian Elections 2018 Russian Hack Russian History Russian Military Russian Orthodox Church Ruth Benedict Saakashvili Sam Harris Same Sex Attraction Same-sex Marriage Same-sex Parents Samoans Samuel George Morton San Bernadino Massacre Sandra Beleza Sandusky Sandy Hook Sarah Palin Sarin Gas Satoshi Kanazawa saudi Saudi Arabia Saying What You Have To Say Scandinavia Scandinavians Scarborough Shoal Schizophrenia Science: It Works Bitches Scientism Scotch-irish Scotland Scots Irish Scott Ritter Scrabble Secession Seduced By Food Semai Senate Separating The Truth From The Nonsense Serbia Serenity Sergei Magnitsky Sergei Skripal Sex Sex Ratio Sex Ratio At Birth Sex Recognition Sex Tape Sex Work Sexism Sexual Antagonistic Selection Sexual Dimorphism Sexual Division Of Labor Sexual Fluidity Sexual Identity Sexual Maturation Sexual Orientation Sexual Selection Sexually Transmitted Diseases Seymour Hersh Shai Masot Shame Culture Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Shanghai Stock Exchange Shared Environment Shekhovstov Sheldon Adelson Shias And Sunnis Shimon Arad Shimon Peres Shinzo Abe Shmuley Boteach Shorts And Funnies Shoshana Bryen Shurat HaDin Shyness Siamak Namazi Sibel Edmonds Siberia Silicon Valley Simon Baron Cohen Singapore Single Men Single Motherhood Single Mothers Single Women Sisyphean Six Day War SJWs Skin Bleaching Skin Color Skin Tone Slate Slave Trade Slavery Slavoj Zizek Slavs SLC24A5 Sleep Slobodan Milosevic Smart Fraction Smell Smoking Snow Snyderman Social Constructs Social Justice Warriors Socialism Sociopathy Sociosexuality Solar Energy Solutions Somalia Sometimes You Don't Like The Answer South Africa South Asia South China Sea South Korea South Sudan Southern Italians Southern Poverty Law Center Soviet Union Space Space Space Program Space Race Spain Spanish Paradox Speech SPLC Sports Sputnik News Squid Ink Srebrenica Stabby Somali Staffan Stalinism Stanislas Dehaene Star Trek State Department State Formation States Rights Statins Steny Hoyer Stephan Guyenet Stephen Cohen Stephen Colbert Stephen Hadley Stephen Jay Gould Sterling Seagrave Steve Bannon Steve Sailer Steven Mnuchin Steven Pinker Still Not Free Buddy Stolen Generations Strategic Affairs Ministry Stroke Belt Student Loans Stuxnet SU-57 Sub-replacement Fertility Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Africans Subprime Mortgage Crisis Subsistence Living Suffrage Sugar Suicide Summing It All Up Supernatural Support Me Support The Jayman Supreme Court Supression Surveillance Susan Glasser Susan Rice Sweden Swiss Switzerland Syed Farook Syrian Refugees Syriza Ta-Nehisi Coates Taiwan Tale Of Two Maps Taliban Tamerlan Tsarnaev TAS2R16 Tashfeen Malik Taste Tastiness Tatars Tatu Vanhanen Tawang Tax Cuts Tax Evasion Taxes Tea Party Team Performance Technology Ted Cruz Tell Me About You Tell The Truth Terman Terman's Termites Terroris Terrorists Tesla Testosterone Thailand The 10000 Year Explosion The Bible The Breeder's Equation The Confederacy The Dark Knight The Dark Triad The Death Penalty The Deep South The Devil Is In The Details The Dustbowl The Economist The Far West The Future The Great Plains The Great Wall The Left The Left Coast The New York Times The Pursuit Of Happyness The Rock The Saker The Son Also Rises The South The Walking Dead The Washington Post The Wide Environment The World Theodore Roosevelt Theresa May Things Going Sour Third World Thomas Aquinas Thomas Friedman Thomas Perez Thomas Sowell Thomas Talhelm Thorstein Veblen Thurgood Marshall Tibet Tidewater Tiger Mom Time Preference Timmons Title IX Tobin Tax Tom Cotton Tom Naughton Tone It Down Guys Seriously Tony Blair Torture Toxoplasma Gondii TPP Traffic Traffic Fatalities Tragedy Trans-Species Polymorphism Transgender Transgenderism Transsexuals Treasury Tropical Humans Trump Trust TTIP Tuition Tulsi Gabbard Turkheimer TWA 800 Twin Study Twins Twins Raised Apart Twintuition Twitter Two Party System UKIP Ukrainian Crisis UN Security Council Unemployment Unions United Kingdom United Nations United States Universalism University Admissions Upper Paleolithic Urban Riots Ursula Gauthier Uruguay US Blacks USS Liberty Utopian Uttar Pradesh UV Uyghurs Vaginal Yeast Valerie Plame Vassopressin Vdare Veep Venezuela Veterans Administration Victor Canfield Victor Davis Hanson Victoria Nuland Victorian England Victorianism Video Games Vietnam Vietnam War Vietnamese Vikings Violence Vioxx Virginia Visa Waivers Visual Word Form Area Vitamin D Voronezh Vote Fraud Vouchers Vwfa W.E.I.R.D. W.E.I.R.D.O. Wahhabis Wall Street Walter Bodmer Wang Jing War On Christmas War On Terror Washington Post WasPage Watergate Watsoning We Are What We Are We Don't Know All The Environmental Causes Weight Loss WEIRDO Welfare Western Europe Western European Marriage Pattern Western Media Western Religion Westerns What Can You Do What's The Cause Where They're At Where's The Fallout White America White Americans White Conservative Males White Death White Helmets White Nationalist Nuttiness White Nationalists White Privilege White Slavery White Supremacy White Wife Why We Believe Hbd Wikileaks Wild Life Wilhelm Furtwangler William Browder William Buckley William D. Hamilton William Graham Sumner William McGougall WINEP Winston Churchill Women In The Workplace Woodley Effect Woodrow Wilson WORDSUM Workers Working Class Working Memory World Values Survey World War I World War Z Writing WTO X Little Miss JayLady Xhosa Xi Jinping Xinjiang Yankeedom Yankees Yazidis Yemen Yes I Am A Brother Yes I Am Liberal - But That Kind Of Liberal Yochi Dreazen You Can't Handle The Truth You Don't Know Shit Youtube Ban Yugoslavia Zbigniew Brzezinski Zhang Yimou Zika Zika Virus Zimbabwe Zionism Zombies Zones Of Thought Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Nothing found
All Commenters • My
Comments
• Followed
Commenters
All Comments / On "Burakumin"
 All Comments / On "Burakumin"
    Syngman Rhee in 1905 and later South Korea’s first president (1948-1960). Though born into a rural family of modest means, he was of yangban and even royal lineage (source). Why is mean IQ higher in East Asia than elsewhere? Ron Unz (2013) sees the key cause in a scarcity of land and women that continually...
  • […] individuals had more surviving offspring in Europe and in Northeast Asia (see also Peter Frost Does the Clark-Unz model apply to Japan and Korea?). Over time, this led to the evolution of of increased average IQ in these areas, leading to their […]

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • This is the first of a series of ebooks. You can access an Epub version here or a PDF here. Below is the foreword. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Foreword The Burakumin of Japan, the Paekchong of Korea, and the Cagots of France … What do they have in common? All three were despised castes—closed groups of people who...
  • "Genetic variation between populations differs qualitatively from genetic variation within populations. In the first case, genes vary across a boundary that separates different environments and, thus, different selection pressures. This kind of genetic variation is shaped by selection and gives rise to real phenotypic differences. The situation is something else entirely when genes vary among individuals who belong to the same population and face similar selection pressures. That kind of variation matters much less, the actual phenotypic differences often being trivial or nonexistent." I don't see where you have cited anyone for that idea?

    On the other hand, citing obscure anonymous bloggers like Jayman is a real mistake. But that's just my opinion. By the way, I like the reader, it's restful on the eyes and makes it easier to concentrate.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • I just downloaded a reader here, it works fine.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Ben,

    You have to join ResearchGate to view the publications I have there. It doesn't cost anything to join.

    I see the illustrations in the ebook from my computer. I'll try from another computer to see what shows on the screen.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • The pictures didn't make it into the file, but the captions for the pictures are still there.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • yeah but freeware = spyware + zillions of self-servicing updates and since Peter mentioned a pdf, why not to ask?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • It's not a pdf, it's an epub. You need an epub reader, there are plenty of those available online for free.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • can you give the link to the pdf?
    Windows can't open the file in the dropbox

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Sorry folks. I'm still navigating my way through stuff like Dropbox and Epub. The link should work now. I also have a PDF version at ResearchGate.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • not much new blood flows into a despised caste, at least not on an ongoing basis…
    One of the few ways 'new blood' flows into a despised caste is when an upper caste guy decides to fool around with his cleaning girl. That happens quite a lot, sometimes with and sometimes against her wishes. Young, attractive despised caste girls have always been perceived as morally lax and fair game.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • I look forward to reading this. As others have pointed out, all I'm getting is the jpeg of the cover.
    And I'd also like to hear your views on the largest of such marginalised groups, the Dalits of India.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Ditto. The dropbox link is just to the jpeg of the cover :-(

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • I clicked on the download link and the dropbox page only shows a jpeg image of the front cover. I can't seem to download the actual ebook itself. Looks like an interesting read anyway.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Great post!

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • She looks nice in a long skirt. Source: Ted Talks The year is ending, and it’s time to take stock. Which posts interested you the most? Here are the five most popular ones, with the number of visits to each post: White skin privilege – 6923 The other slave trade – 5948 Eye color, face...
  • "Why were marriage decisions in Europe mostly left to young people themselves?"

    Inheritance. If there's no inheritance then there's far less reason for arranged marriages and sexual selection must (I assume) be much weaker in the context of arranged marriages.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    "I am surprised that the Anti-IQ crowd has not jumped on the Visual Word Form Area.

    If it exists, then they can claim that those who score low on IQ tests do so because they have a harder time reading and understanding the questions."

    As soon as they admit one genetic cause their whole narrative starts to unravel.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • I liked your post on the Cagots. But it was a very recent post–surely it hasn't had as much time to garner views as some of the older posts.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • FWIW, On the white slave trade thing: Jews have been heavily implicated in certain relatively modern instances, 19th century Argentina for instance. Looking into it recently I found that the majority (overwhelming majority) of the women abducted or tricked into overseas "employment" turned out to be nice Jewish girls whose families were mired in the poverty of the 19th century Poland. They were mostly rural and small town (I think) and their victimizers were mostly big city boys.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • And what about consideration of the Mongolians? The steppes are sun drenched and they're right by the Gobi. They're quite light too.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    The fixation on Tibetans seems to be overlooking that many other genetic factors can work in place of dark skin for UV penetration. The Bushmen have very light skin yet have adapted remarkably well to the Kalahari. Do any of these groups show increased risks for skin cancer or other UV related maladies?

    And regarding the monogamy and skin color hypothesis, I will say I do not get why pygmies are used as genuine evidence of this. Frost has claimed in other posts that pygmies have lighter skin than other africans, but even if they do, it's a minor difference. Look at photos of them- they're not light at all. Not to mention they have much more body hair than other africans and more prominent brows, to the point where some of them resemble some australian aborigines.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    "I would really like someone who disagrees with the sexual selection hypothesis to try and explain why blue eyes are associated with less robust and more feminine faces, but only if the faces are male."

    There have been many studies going back decades indicating that individuals with light eyes are generally shyer and less active than those with dark eyes, and this difference shows up in populations where colors are uniformly dark- just that the difference is much, much less apparent.

    The book "Eye Colour, Sex, and Race: Keys To Human Behavior" (somewhat discussed here http://evoandproud.blogspot.com/2007/11/sex-linkage-of-human-skin-hair-and-eye.html) documents very strongly that there is a substantial correlation between eye color and hunting behavior in animals. The author thinks it's related to visual acuity and melanin concentration, but atleast for humans, that makes little difference. It ties in with the fact that coat color is also correlated with behavior in animals. My impression is that they are indicators of the biochemistry of the brain and personality. Blue eyes have been shown to have a much more complex inheritance the classic form, and it goes in line with this model. Whether sexual selection led to blue eyes or not, a human population with a high frequency of light eyes is going to more strongly exhibit this variation with personality.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    "It is true that robust brow ridges are a plesiomorphic state, but they were curiously absent among Upper Paleolithic Europeans. It would have been nice had Cochran and Harpending cited a source for their claim, because I'd like to try and chase it up."

    Cochran and Harpending's claim that Europeans today hardly have browridges is absurd. While perhaps the projecting, overhanging sort is uncommon, Europeans and caucasoids in general are well known to have moderately prominent brow ridges. Charles Darwin had a very prominent brow.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Black Africans and Europeans are so different looking, not because of differing archaic ancestry, but because of the respective focus sexual selection had in each population.

    I would really like someone who disagrees with the sexual selection hypothesis to try and explain why blue eyes are associated with less robust and more feminine faces, but only if the faces are male.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    Tibetans also present a Europeoid or at least a pseudo-Europeoid strain within them that needs to be explained by genetic anthropology.

    Is it West/South Asian admixture? They're on the border between China and South Asia. The Nepalese are also on the border but even closer to India and correspondingly relatively more South Asian and less Mongoloid than the Tibetans.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Wang et all (2011) identified an autosomal component that peaks upon the Tibetan Plateau but is also high, as predicted by Lineman, among the Yi to their south (Figure 1b).

    But notice that at the same authors provide Figure 1a in which a shared Tibetan-Yakut component appears to decline through the Yi into the Chinese and is essentially absent in Japan.

    In any case my interest lies in the pre-Neolithic inhabitants of the plateau where the first Mongoloid phenotype must have evolved, now we know that Siberia was inhabited by Caucasian people as represented by MA1.

    Tibetans also present a Europeoid or at least a pseudo-Europeoid strain within them that needs to be explained by genetic anthropology.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Black Africans are dark on parts of their body that have never been exposed to the sun. I think Peter says here polygyny is not unknown among Andaman Islanders.

    In view of Tibetans having spend 3000 years evolving adaptations to living at the elevation of the Tibetan plateau: "THE Andean pattern look something like an exaggerated acclimatization response, while the Tibetan pattern is more like that seen in mammalian species have lived at high altitude for a long time.

    Undoubtedly this is because Tibetans have lived at high altitude far longer than Amerindians. it’s even possible that some of these alleles go back to archaic humans, who could have lived in high-altitude areas of Asia for as much as two million years."

    All very interesting. However, Tibetans are being subjected to as intense a level of UV as exists in an inhabited area of earth. If you bear that in mind and look at the photos at that link,comparing the Bolivian with the Tibetan; do you not see that the Tibetan would appear to be far too light skinned for protection from UV to have been the main force of selection on Tibetan skin colour.

    Europeans are not just darker they have smaller and finer facial features. The also have higher (ie more feminine) digit ratios, ans indication of weak prenatal testosteronisation. Look at how weak prenatal testosteronisation affects facial features. here. The most feminine digit ratio of any population on earth is found in Denmark, and a you can see here, that is also where the white skin conferring 374F mutation in the SLC45A2 gene is found at it's greatest frequency.

    If Europeans' light skin was to increase vitamin D synthesis from the sun for protection against vitamin D deficiency and cancers Then morerd people wearing cloths and working inside whould need extra vitamin D, right? Well they don't according to the advice from the massive report by the Institute of Medicine's 14 experts is not to take vitamin D supplements. As has just been confirmed by the Race, genetics explained variations in 25-hydroxyvitamin D and so pigmentation has nothing to do with it.

    "The selective pressure need not have been upon the skin but rather upon the eyes."

    Razib Khan waffles in a similar vein here "One could posit overdominance on a trait other than pigmentation, with the hair color being simply a correlated response." about blonde hair. The Color of Life as a Coincidence. Ha ha ha.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Lundman regarded the present Tibetans as a 'Europid-influenced Tibetid hybrid race' similar to his North Sinids, the average northern Chinese, though with Caucasian admixture from the west (based upon blood group evidence he connected their Caucasoid strain with peoples to their west rather than to their south.) He identified the Tibetid also in the border areas between southeast Asia proper and southwestern China, and proposed that still further dilution of the Europid strains formed the Jakunin type of Japan which Lundman claimed to be present in most of the regions in China.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • The selective pressure need not have been upon the skin but rather upon the eyes.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    Tibetans aren't really pale, are they? Their skin tone seems similar to that of American Indians. Although I imagine they're outside a lot and develop a permanent sun tan.

    The Han Chinese seem to think they're noticeably darker, and genome wide studies show they've recently diverged from the Han Chinese.

    They're no "pitch black strictly monogamous and as far as we know always have been" Andamanese Island hunter-gatherers though.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Tibetans aren't really pale, are they? Their skin tone seems similar to that of American Indians. Although I imagine they're outside a lot and develop a permanent sun tan.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • When skin is much lighter or darker than medium brown it is not an adaptation to UV, and I would not be so sure that the East Asians' Neanderthal alleles were "related to UV-light adaptation" as is being assumed by that study.

    Tibetans got very pale since they went to live where the UV is the highest in the world. Tibetan genetics.

    By the way Bougainville Island has skin as dark as west Africa, Bougainville Island has female farming and polygyny too.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Now that the mongoloids are known to have a neanderthal gene for UV resistance, this suggests their morphology first appeared, like many large mammals, upon the Tibetan plateau before becoming overprinted there by the modern, Caucasian influenced people native there. Up there the gene acquired by hybridisation would be under positive selection together with the facial features seen in Mongoloid skulls. Tibet ought to be a hot spot for finding Palaeolithic human fossils.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • And Sean, Tibet is not the only region where polyandry is attested.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Sean,

    Tibet is certainly not the only place in the world where polyandry is traditionally practiced, by the way.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous,

    Thanks for replying, but in the case of the Nordics I don't understand why such a trend would explain the rounded, quintessentially Nordic orbits. Given that few genes control human craniofacial morphology, it is as though a dormant neanderthal gene came under positive selection again.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • I'm sure it's just coincidence that Tanzania has polygyny, and Tibet happens the only place in the world that has polyandry.

    There are lots of things that differ between Tibet and Tanzania. Why do you suppose this correlation is significant or meaningful?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • I took the advice of the final sentence of A Life History Perspective on Skin Cancer and the Evolution of Skin Pigmentation.

    Here is what I found "COMPARISONS of UV-B radiation levels in Lhasa (Tibet), Oslo (Norway), and Dar-Es-Salaam (Tanzania) show that the UV-B dose rates during the summer in Lhasa are higher than the maximum value in Dar-Es-Salaam, which is at the sea level in the equatorial region, and 60% higher than in Oslo, which is at the sea level but 60 degrees North. We conclude that the UV-B dose rates during the summer on the Tibetan plateau are among the highest levels in habituated regions of the world".

    I'm sure it's just coincidence that Tanzania has polygyny, and Tibet happens the only place in the world that has polyandry.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    Brow ridges are an interaction of the size of the braincase relative to the projection of the midface, as they are essentially a structurally strengthening bridge between the upper face and the braincase.

    Factors which spatially separate the upper face and braincase further, such as a downward tilt of the face in separate Pan relative to Pongo and Homo relative to Pan, increase brow size, all things being equal.

    This is all clearly articulated in the bridge model of supraorbital development, which is the physical anthropology consensus at the moment.

    Males across primate species have more brow ridge development because they have larger and more projecting faces relative to their braincase, due to much greater growth of face size at puberty (by contrast young male children tend to have flatter foreheads than females, because they have similar facial sizes while young males have larger brains from the start).

    Groups like the Aborigines and ancient humans tend to have them more than Europeans because they slightly larger faces relative to their smaller braincases.

    Africans and East Asians don't tend to have them any more than Europeans and even slightly less because their total face size relative to brain is similar to Europeans, and specifically their midface is flatter and less projecting.

    Ancient humans of the Upper Paleolithic would have lacked brow ridges due to relatively small face size relative to large brain size. This could have been due to a reduction in facial size / robusticity, but high brain size seems more likely, given commentary on Holocene reductions in human brain size.

    Present day modern humans in some regions (e.g. B&B's "Nordics") may have had a very slight resurgence in brow ridge prominence as the trend towards scaling down the face may have been slower than scaling down the brain.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • I was reminded of Predmosti 3 and his similarity to Saint Cesaire I by my discussion with Maju over at Haldane's Sieve. He pointed me towards an unusual figurine from Dolni Vestonice, another Pavlovian site associated with Europeoid people, that shows a person possessing strong brow ridges. Although no individuals that resemble Predmosti 3 have been recognised at the Dolni Vestonice archaeological site, the art suggests the creators may heve been familiar with the Predmosti 3 phenotype as it appeared in life.

    http://rokus01.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/occipital-bun.jpg

    http://i653.photobucket.com/albums/uu253/Tyranos/headbrugar1.jpg

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Who thinks the Venus figurines look African now?

    http://www.anthropark.wz.cz/gravet36.jpg

    On another note, is it possible that archaeological cultures might imply some Upper Paleolithic Europeans to have possessed more neanderthal atDNA than did others?

    The Chatelperronian of the Early Upper Paleolithic is evidently a local derivative of the Mousterian and yet sufficiently close enough to the Gravettian for them to be regarded in France as the earlier and later stages of their Perigordian tradition. It is worth noting that Saint Cesaire 1 looks very much like a hybrid, with 'tropical' limb proportions like those of Upper Paleolithic Europeans along with a distinctive craniofacial morphology pointing towards an AMH direction.

    It is for this reason that it is actually worth comparing Saint Cesaire 1 with another atypical skull from the Paleolithic, the Gravettian (and more specifically Pavlovian) Predmosti 3, not least because Saint Cesaire actually has a flatter face than the later Predmosti male who is nonetheless regarded as Homo sapiens. When the two skulls are compared together their browridges and frontal angle are not as different as might have been expected were either of them racially 'pure'.

    Unfortunately the association of the Saint Cesaire neanderthal with the Chatelperronian industry present at the same site has now been questioned following Hublin (2012), who nonetheless cautioned against uncritically accepting the direct date he himself obtained from the unusual neanderthal.

    It does appear overall as though similar hybrid individuals were sporadically present into the Pavlovian.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Re. The White man has no friends:- "In any case, real friendship isn’t just about sharing your recreational activities. It’s also about risking your life for someone else."

    Montaigne, presiding sage of France, lived in dangerous times and though some sticky situations; yet he never came to a conclusion about whether fighting back actually paid off, or if it was better to appear defenseless.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • It is true that robust brow ridges are a plesiomorphic state, but they were curiously absent among Upper Paleolithic Europeans. It would have been nice had Cochran and Harpending cited a source for their claim, because I'd like to try and chase it up.

    That's the problem with the HBD circle, they don't pay enough attention to skulls and teeth except for when they seem to cherry pick bits of physical anthropology to fit their theories. See my replies to Peter's vague claim about the teeth of Grimaldi in his post 'The First European?' that you linked to.

    It might be that when modern humans and neanderthals coexisted those hybrids whose upper faces looked neanderthal were generally exposed. Only later would individuals expressing the introgressed(?) genes responsible for a large brow be allowed to survive and to procreate? Though I think the brows of Loschbour are bipartate if you look at them closely enough and specifically neanderthal genes are not necessarily responsible for his big brow.

    Another mystery is why the skulls of Nordics and their kin collateral relatives are more neanderthaloid than those of Upper Paleolithic Europeans – a sloping forehead, large rounded orbits and noticable midfacial projection in the absence of a trend towards dinricisation – despite the time gap.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • In Cochran and Harpending's The 10000 Year Explosion they say that 3000 years ago there were still some Europeans with brow ridges like Australian Aborigines. See here.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Loschbour appears archaic for Mesolithic Europe in my opinion. Were Loschbour Man instead from the Early Upper Paleolithic of Luxembourg, I would have interpreted him as having neanderthal ancestry.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Maju has another photo and goes into the genetics at his post, here. He would seem to have an excellent point about Lochsbour being unrepresentative of West European hunter-gatherers. 2011 Dienkes' post with another photo here.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • The First European?. Lochsbour the result of alleles for blue eyes from the white skinned and blue eyed steppe-tundra type of north Europe introgressing into an older darker population?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • "It's very strange to me that you would discount the alleles in the hunter-gatherer predicting that he has darker skin than the farmer because he has an allele which predicts light eyes"

    The fellow in question was very strange all around. Look at him!

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    Question for you sir, it is way off topic. The Circassians, are they Euros/Whites/Caucasians/whatever?

    When checked in a world context, the Caucasian people of the north Caucasus populations (like Circassians) seem mainly to be described as a mix of two components.

    One is found in Europe most in Southern European people and Near Eastern people.

    The other is a component that is at a minority in Europe, which is similar to the one found most in Northern Europeans but is distinct from it.

    The overall mix of the components is similar to the levels of mixture in Southeastern European persons (like Greeks, Sicilians).

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Question for you sir, it is way off topic. The Circassians, are they Euros/Whites/Caucasians/whatever?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • A hard-wired VWFA could lead to high rates of face blindness. And high rates of face blindness have been found in Germany, which was the first place where large areas had universal literacy.

    The vitamin D hypothesis is a dead letter, and the only alternative explanation for how the descendants of the dark skinned European hunter gatherers of the Upper Pleistocene came to be white is sexual selection.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    I already linked 'Gender/face recognition: hue and luminosity', explicating why the combination of blue eyes and dark skin is very unlikely. I also provided a link for white skin in Europe being dated at between '19,000 and 11,000' years ago, which is several thousand years older than the date for the blue eyes mutation. hence more than one line of evidence converges on the conclusion that North Europeans evolved white skin then blue eyes.

    The direct data from a genome is direct data from a genome. Estimates for when light skin alleles were present "in Europe" are just hat.

    It's very strange to me that you would discount the alleles in the hunter-gatherer predicting that he has darker skin than the farmer because he has an allele which predicts light eyes in present day populations with the farmer's light skin alleles.

    The present evidence in the paper is that the Mesolithic Native European appears to be darker skinned than the farmer. That is all.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • because there are no well attested racial differences in dyslexia and VWFA failure basically would = dyslexia

    Well, Dyslexia sounds to me like a badly wired up VWFA that is returning incorrect information.

    There also seems to be strong racial differences in literacy …

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • "… predictions for eye color may not hold in populations which lack some of the light skin alleles which seem to be in the farmer but not the hunter gatherer"

    I already linked 'Gender/face recognition: hue and luminosity', explicating why the combination of blue eyes and dark skin is very unlikely. I also provided a link for white skin in Europe being dated at between '19,000 and 11,000' years ago, which is several thousand years older than the date for the blue eyes mutation. hence more than one line of evidence converges on the conclusion that North Europeans evolved white skin then blue eyes.

    The vitamin D link is to a study confirming the verdict of the authoritative Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, whose report said dark pigmented people do not need more vitamin D. As the only real rival to Peter's hypothesis (ie the idea that light eye and hair coloration is a side effect of natural selection for skin color, in order to maximize vitamin D synthesis in high latitudes, especially with an agricultural diet) is no longer tenable, any hypothesis concerning European hair and eye colours involving steppe peoples ect has to come to grips with Peter's argument by suggesting a scenario where that population could have got their blue eyes. Saying Indo Europeans for example, are the origin of European hair and eye colour alleles is evasive because it avoids the issue of what selection pressure on Indo Europeans gave them their hair and eye colours.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    I am surprised that the Anti-IQ crowd has not jumped on the Visual Word Form Area.

    If it exists, then they can claim that those who score low on IQ tests do so because they have a harder time reading and understanding the questions.

    Why would they? They've never used dyslexia as a driving explanation, because there are no well attested racial differences in dyslexia and VWFA failure basically would = dyslexia.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • I am surprised that the Anti-IQ crowd has not jumped on the Visual Word Form Area.

    If it exists, then they can claim that those who score low on IQ tests do so because they have a harder time reading and understanding the questions.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    Everyone but Peter thinks the evolution of light eye and hair coloration is a side effect of selection for reduced melanin in the skin, in order to maximize vitamin D synthesis in high latitudes.

    Not sure about your post in general, which seems to presume
    I was arguing for one "side" or other that you have described. Not the intent, read it again – my statement is simply that the predictions for eye color may not hold in populations which lack some of the light skin alleles which seem to be in the farmer but not the hunter gatherer. I'm not really certain what "recursion to evade the issue" is supposed to mean.

    But Peter's theory here is mainly that light skin is due to female focused sexual selection in hunter gatherer populations.

    One of the planks of this theory is that it much easier to make a case for light skin being sexually selected in females as female skin tends to be lighter.

    It seems like the Mesolithic hunter being farmer skinned than the farmer doesn't support this at all. But as I say, these are samples of 1 each, and larger samples will tell us more.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • You may want to look at the above link about race genetics and vitamin D.

    Everyone but Peter thinks the evolution of light eye and hair coloration is a side effect of selection for reduced melanin in the skin, in order to maximize vitamin D synthesis in high latitudes. But modern humans lived in north Europe during the Upper Pleistocene without light skin, as the de-pigmentation in Europe is dated at between 19,000 and 11,000 years ago . So latterly Razib Khan, Dienkes and Cochran and Harpending thought agriculture, having reduced dietary vitamin D sources, had led to selection for lighter skin and maximizing of vitamin D synthesis for resistance to rickets, cancer and infectious diseases, in high latitudes. The evolution of light eye and hair coloration was still supposed to be a side effect of natural selection for vitamin D, but in farmers.

    The relevance of blue eyes being around in the European Mesolithic (ie pre-agriculture) is that is too long ago for an agriculture hypothesis. The only explanation for blue eyes that still makes sense is sexual selection.

    "In either case, the populations they came from may have been quite polymorphic for these alleles".

    The explanation for blue eyes originating in north Europe at least had latitude going for it. Now we are expected to believe it came from the south. Those mooting the origin of blue eyes outside northern Europe can't say what selection gave the putative population from outside northern Europe their polymorphic eye colour. You and they are are using recursion, evading the issue. No explanation for blue eyes being due to vitamin D will fly now, and polymorphic eye and hair colour bespeaks sexual selection. It's a clean sweep.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    According to Dienekes, the Mesolithic European hunter-gatherer with blue eyes (supposedly) had dark skin, and there is LBK farmer who is said to have light skin and dark eyes.

    Yeah, I think there are some questions about what the alleles in question do independently.

    If the blue eye alleles works to globally reduce pigment, but affects the eyes disproportionately, while the other allele reduces pigment globally but disproportionately in the skin…

    then neither of them may have been blue eyed or fair skinned, but one could have had relatively light eyes compared to skin and the other relatively light skin compared to eyes.

    In either case, the populations they came from may have been quite polymorphic for these alleles and it doesn't make sense to take a total read of pigmentation from these samples.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Personally, I really liked the postings on the Visual Word Form Area.

    It would be interesting to see more research on that.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • According to Dienekes, the Mesolithic European hunter-gatherer with blue eyes (supposedly) had dark skin, and there is LBK farmer who is said to have light skin and dark eyes.

    Henry Harpending comment: "Sure, but selecting for more than one thing at once can slow the whole process to a crawl depending on the genetic correlation between what you are selecting. If the genetic correlation is negative you might increase one but decrease the other. Think for example of selecting humans for dark skin and blue eyes at the same time. You might end up with people with lighter skin or darker eyes at the end, depending on the genetic covariance between the traits."

    In Gender/face recognition: hue and luminosity comments you remarked "Sexual selection for lighter-colored hair and eyes may have been inhibited as long as skin color remained below a certain level of skin reflectance.

    If we compare human populations, we see many examples of light skin co-existing with dark hair and eyes. But there are no examples of the reverse. Skin depigmentation seems to be a prerequisite for changes to hair and eye color."

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Race, genetics explained variations in 25-hydroxyvitamin D Pigmentation has nothing to do with it.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    The situation is unlike that of England where, over the past millennium, the reproductive success of the upper and middle classes caused a demographic overflow that continually replenished the ranks of the lower classes, who had negative natural increase. Today, the population of English background, even in the lower classes, is composed of lineages that half a millennium ago were predominantly upper or middle class (Clark, 2007; Clark, 2009).

    Peter, by the way, how do you think this factor would affect long term slave societies, such as in the Middle East (and Greco-Roman)?

    They wouldn't have much downward or upward mobility for enhancing alleles, but they also wouldn't have an evolving caste which replaced itself (slaves tending to have far below replacement fertility).

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Young and white, eh? In many of her early modelling photos Russell was made to look quite a bit darker than in real life. It made her look older, and sexier.

    According to Latour the usual procedure is to obliterate reality by switching between mononaturalism and multiculturalism. Russell does it so well: 'I won the genetic lottery, but it's false consciousness to notice that!'.
    —-
    Re the Paris Spring. What would transform antiracism is it ceasing to claim privileged access to the real nature of white people. I believe Latour says the human with a gun is an assemblage with emergent properties, crucial if the human has a grievance when he picks up a gun. An assemblage of humans is much the same.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Matt says:

    Peter, thanks for clarifying on your primary interest on the face shape morphs. I got the impression that you took the idea of the brown morph being seen as "dominant" and "trustworthy" as confirmation that it was subjectively more "masculine", and that a dismissal of this evidence would have an effect, but if that wasn't ever an important part of your response to Kleisner's earlier paper, then I've probably misread you.

    I don't think women are "big mouthed" in absolute terms, because they have smaller faces, but they do sem to have proportionately larger lip / mouth areas relative to the whole facial size face. A female face corrected for overall size will tend to be absolutely "big mouthed" compared to male faces of the same size.

    On eyes, if you look at the morphs (either on just the landmarks or with texture) the blue eyed morph clearly does not have proportionately larger eyes – the distance between the eyes is larger, but that's because the eyes themselves are proportionately smaller. The width of the eye is larger in the brown eyed morph.

    The following figure is an (exaggerated) morphometric of male-female face shape differences, using the same landmarking procedure as Kleisner's papers.

    http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/272/1576/1995/F5.large.jpg

    You can see the proportionately fuller lips and larger eyes of the female morph.

    Placing the figure from Kleiser's paper and above side by side –
    http://i.imgur.com/WbIw9sW.png

    The brown eyed-blue eyed shape change dimension does not seem coincident with the male female dimension.

    Now, I totally admit this is subjective on my part. Perhaps a good way to proceed would actually just be to pull the landmark data from these two papers and determine whether the landmarks on the blue-eyed dimension compared to the brown eyed morph are statistically more similar to the female morph.

    Sean The blue eyes face has a narrow upper lip, which is a feminine characteristic. The blue eyed face also has an unhappy expression.

    Looks to me like the blue eyed morph has a proportionately longer philtrum to me (distance between the upper lip and nose – long upper lip), a rather male characteristic.

    As I say though, this is subjective and should be tested mathematically.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    Ms. Russell has thought deeply about this issue (as seen by her references to evolutionary psychology), so I wouldn't write her off.

    You're probably not saying this with tongue in cheek, although you could. References to evo-psych, and even evo-psych itself, often don't seem to involve deep thought at all and can be quite facile.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Sean,

    Tall slender women tend to experience puberty later (and thus have a longer growth spurt), and late puberty seems to correlate with a different life strategy.

    Matt,

    Karel Kleisner didn't tell me about that later study. To be honest, I was more interested in the correlation between eye color and face shape. I never did understand why he considered the perception of dominance to be the primary finding. To me, that seemed to be a secondary finding that would tend to result from a more robust face shape.

    I'm confused by your initial comments. The blue-eyed individuals had proportionately larger eye areas (because distance between the eyes was greater). I also don't follow you when you say that a larger mouth area is more feminine (do you think women are big-mouthed?). Men typically have a larger lower half of the face(because of larger chins and a more square jaw).

    Glossy,

    The facial features in question go back long before the advent of aristocracies.

    Anon,

    Light coloration might be linked to face shape, although that wasn't the finding. The correlation was between blue eyes and a more feminine face shape.

    Bleach,

    I think a lot of nonregular readers were drawn to the posts on white slavery. The stuff on the cagots may have seemed too erudite.

    Julian,

    Ms. Russell has thought deeply about this issue (as seen by her references to evolutionary psychology), so I wouldn't write her off.

    Sean,

    Her tallness tends to de-emphasize the classic hourglass figure. I've been told that many fashion designers dislike women who are too shapely (but that just might be griping. Hell hath no fury like a spurned fashion model).

    Jayman,

    I see your point. There may, for instance, have been positive selection for monotony avoidance among the cagots. But that used to be the default setting for all of us, if you go far enough back in time.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • I liked your post on the Cagots (for the record I read all your posts and shared them on Twitter). This is because:

    1. I have never heard about them before
    2. They are interesting window into the pre-Clarking population.

    The only thing is that we would expect that they aren't exactly like the earlier European population, because they would have had to have undergone selection to survive in their semi-untouchable lives.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • The blue eyes face has a narrow upper lip, which is a feminine characteristic. The blue eyed face also has an unhappy expression.
    —–
    Supermodel traits are not particularly female. They are what Konrad Lorenz talked about: "Artists of the most varied cultural epochs, Babylonian Assyrian, Babylonian and Greek painters and sculptors, have emphasized precisely those attributes of the human body, especially those attributes of the human male body, that are threatened by domestication: broad shoulders, narrow hips, long extremities …"

    Black models like Alex Wek and Ajuma Nasenyana epitomise that look, so in relation to the fashion world maybe Russell has a point. But her success is actually not due to her 23 inch waist and whiteness. What she brings to the table is not looking very feminine, for a white woman.
    —-
    At West Hunter H&C have a paper that (I think) is about associative mating generating hereditary group differences. Could the cagots have originated in a Maxwell's demon kind of way?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Some great posts this year Peter, hope you have a great Christmas and look forward to reading more of your work in the year ahead!

    btw. I've tweeted Ms Russell, alerting her that she appears to have overlooked the European slave trade. I will let you know if I get a reply.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • I thought the post on the cagots, and the other extinct minorities, was the most interesting thing you wrote about this year. FWIW. (Not much, apparently)

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    This post was about Karel Kleisner’s study on eye color and face shape. In sum, blue eyes are associated with less robust and more feminine faces, but only if the faces are male. It may be that female face shape is overdetermined, i.e., all girls are exposed to enough estrogen in the womb to feminize their faces, but only blue-eyed boys reach this level of estrogenization. Thus, to some degree, blue eyes are a female trait. This finding is consistent with the view, supported by other findings, that the most visible features of Europeans are actually female features, i.e., they are a product of a selection pressure that acted primarily on women.

    Is light coloration really associated with different facial and skull morphology?

    Carleton Coon described Nordics as depigmented Mediterraneans. That is they share facial and skull morphology with southern Europeans and Middle Easterners but have lighter coloration.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • "This finding is consistent with the view, supported by other findings, that the most visible features of Europeans are actually female features, i.e., they are a product of a selection pressure that acted primarily on women."

    In Europe marriages were only arranged among the aristocracy. Commoners married for love, which mostly means machismo to young women and pretty faces to young men. So it would make sense that Europeans are selected for pretty faces.

    In the Middle East, China and India most marriages were arranged by parents. Just like among European royals, the decisions were governed by money, power and family ties. So there was less selection for pretty faces.

    Why were marriage decisions in Europe mostly left to young people themselves? I think low population density could have played a role. In warmer climates people have lived in villages for many millenia. There were towns with 10k people in the Middle East 10k years ago. A place like that would have had to be very political. Politics leads to alliances. Alliances are cemented with marriages.

    Europeans, especially in the north, mostly lived on standalone farms, isolated homesteads, until relatively recently. The homestead housed a nuclear family. The climate and contemporary agricultural technology couldn't support villages. So there was less politics, less need for political marriages, and the families stayed nuclear.

    I suspect that this also explains many psychological differences between Europeans and other Eurasians.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Matt says:

    On Kleisner's paper

    Firstly, I still find it hard to understand how the blue eyed morph was feminine exactly.

    - Proportionately smaller eyes, typical of males
    - Proportionately smaller mouth, typical of males
    - Proportionately shorter and wider face by the normal measures used by studies that purport to find links between face ratio and testosterone

    How does this add up to a more feminine face shape exactly?

    Furthermore, robusticity and masculinity are not associated with trust in male faces… Rather "masculinised" broad faces tend to be less trusted.

    Also, it's aggravating that that paper did not directly report dominance status for each facial morph.

    Secondly and much more importantly, the paper Peter has cited was submitted May 2012, and published January 2013.

    However, Kleisner has, in co-operation with Estonian colleagues, put his name to another paper, submitted October 2012 and published March 2013 with results which refute his earlier paper.

    http://puvodni.mzm.cz/Anthropologie/downloads/articles/Kocnar_2012_p25-31.pdf

    Blue eyed morphs were not found to be less dominant.

    This was with far larger samples.

    They repeated the earlier methodology in Estonia and the Czech Republic, but did not replicate the findings as to dominance or trust, in any of their participant pools.

    To sum up, based on the new negative results of three
    independent tests, we suggest that the significant correlation of the perceived dominance with eye colour reported by Kleisner et al. (2010) might be due to chance.

    More specifically, we suggest that a combination of a random idiosyncrasy of a particular sample of facial photos used in the original research, together with further confounding factors led to an erroneous rejection of the hypothesis of no association between perceived dominance and eye colour (Type I error). The take-home message of this study is that the re-test of already
    published "facts" of association between perception of
    psychological factors and physical appearance might be
    more than relevant.

    However, there is a pitfall.
    Independently repeated experiments are not a common practice in contemporary biological and anthropological science due to increasing requirements for higher number of published results.

    Simply put, the reliability of scientific discovery is not always congruent with pressure for a steep production of novel scientific facts – especially nowadays.

    Interestingly though, they did replicate the shape morphs – this may be as Peter says (but that the dominance and trust findings just do not hold, or it may be that blue eyes is somewhat of a proxy for Mesolithic ancestry structure that persists today (plus evolution) and that this shows in the facial shape morphs.

    Independent replicability, or its lack, is a big deal.

    Peter, what do you have to say about this? Are you aware of this subsequent paper where the methodology has been repeated with a larger sample and disconfirmed the original result? Would this not have been an interesting topic for your blog?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    I was most interested in the post on T. gondii. It seems each year the research reveals more about this parasite yet raises more questions about it as well.

    The manipulation of dopamine and the possibility of its fiddling with serotonin is fascinating and the research could help us understand not only the parasite but also the little understood neurotransmitter systems that are responsible for all kinds of human behavior.

    I hope this coming year you'll offer some updates.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Haute couture models are so intelligent. No, really.

    It's the tall slender Whites that don’t fight back. Unfortunately they are the elite who run the show.

    THE Vancouver Island fungus hitches on macrophages, which can cross the blood–brain barrier. Side effect?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Syngman Rhee in 1905 and later South Korea’s first president (1948-1960). Though born into a rural family of modest means, he was of yangban and even royal lineage (source). Why is mean IQ higher in East Asia than elsewhere? Ron Unz (2013) sees the key cause in a scarcity of land and women that continually...
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says: • Website

    "You don't deny that the first civilization was in north China, so why is it so difficult for you to believe that the people who originated the Shang Dynasty were similar to Koreans, and the southern Chinese are the result of hybridisation by the culturally advanced northerners with southern peoples?"

    Koreans were Australoid.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • "Then how do you explain the lower mean IQ of related populations in Mongolia and Siberia?"

    Sorry for the delayed response.

    They only sampled populations from Beijing and Tokyo for Neanderthal ancestry in the study I mentioned, so we don't know how much Neanderthal ancestry Mongolians and Siberians have.

    IQ data for Mongolians is sketchy, but IQ for Mongols in China was found to be about 100*, which is pretty decent, considering how poor Mongolia is. They could be slightly more mixed than the Han Chinese (so less Neanderthal), they could be due for some increases due to the Flynn effect and they could have experienced dysgenic decline in IQ at a faster rate than the Chinese, since they may have lacked some of the eugenic factors you mentioned in this series of articles.

    IQ of Siberian natives isn't known, but presumably lower, closer to the Native Alaskan numbers. If it turns out that they are equally as Neanderthal as the Chinese and Japanese, then the theory would look a bit weak. But the study didn't contain data on their level of Neanderthal ancestry, so it's hard to say. They could have Denisovan ancestry or something similar, for all we know.

    *http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1280412201.html

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Lastly. If agriculture came to China in two directions: via the Wei valley in the north and via India in the south then that may have a part to play in this as well.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    Peter Frost
    "In Western societies, "dating" was rare or nonexistent before the 1920s. The process of courtship was much more rigidly controlled and supervised by parents."

    Yes but part of that also involved reproductively punishing sexually precocious girls (whom i'm assuming would be disproportionately early pubescent?) e.g.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magdalene_asylum

    And before that nunneries? (maybe?)

    Anyway i was mainly just wondering if anyone knows if there were similar institutions or behaviors in East Asia for girls who were sexually active too early.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    Sean
    "Anyway, to get back on topic: a hierarchy of classes is the key factor in raising IQ; farming probably doesn't have much effect."

    Yeoman farmers – farmers who own or have a long-term lease on their land – are part of a class heirarchy. They're a big part of the Farewell to Alms effect IIRC.

    .
    SMERSH
    "These factors seem to be too mild, shortlived and unexceptional to produce a 105 average IQ."

    The bulk of it could still be the initial latitude headstart with a top-up from specialization competition.

    If England had a Farewell to Alms effect mostly as a result of competitive attrition among the yeoman farmer / artisan class then if China (or at least parts of it) had a similar yeoman farmer / artisan setup but over a longer period of time than England then that seems plausible as a source of a few extra points.

    (Basically it's the same as the imperial exam argument but broadened to include the whole "middling" class.)

    "Agriculture just isn't that cognitively demanding."

    Does it need to be cognitively demanding in itself? If you have
    80% peasants
    10% yeoman farmers
    10% hereditary aristocrats
    then it pays for everyone in the bottom 90% to try and compete for the 10% yeoman farmer spots. It's the *competition* for those spots that needs to be cognitively demanding to have the effect.

    That's the effect of specialization imo. It creates competition for those spots.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • "For "late" puberty – 17 years is not too surprising in present day Africa…"

    "In Norway, girls born in 1840 had their menarche at an average age of 17 years."

    Average age 17.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • The irony, as I saw several times in internet noticed by others, is that Tom Cruise's The Last Samurai is quintessentially 100% more Han Chinese (e.g. faces , hairdos and clothing…) than so-called the “Chinese” counterpart – Jackie Chen’s Shanghai Noon.

    Hollywood is good at making stereotypical Western faces. However, the “Hollywood China”, how ancient China and Chinese were or “should” look like or they somehow magically “expect” to see, is deeply ingrained in the minds of almost any Westerners, average Joes or scholars. If one wonders what did ancient China look like, no worries, go talk with your travel agencies and have a tour in traditional Kyoto having a taste of “classic” Japan , because it is an almost 100% carbon copy of Tang China, but on a small scale and hence much less spectacular.

    On a side note, some interesting personal observations on facial recognitions:

    Remember the main actors/actresses of The Last Samurai?

    – To me, the leading Japanese actor the “Samurai”, his son, his younger brother and the leading Japanese actress – the widow, have quintessentially typical “Northern” Han Chinese faces. That woman’s face might have a bit trace of Japanese though, yet the rest men having nothing to do whatsoever to typical Japanese or Korean.

    – The “kid” in the movie can be argued as either Han Chinese face or Japanese face, but nothing to do with Korean whatsoever.

    – The Japanese PM in the film, however, is quintessentially 100% Japanese face (and body size too), not even a drop of Han Chinese or Korean blood – I suspect it’s something heavily Ainu-Jomon.

    – When Tom Cruise was trying to talk with trapped “Samurai” in the capital, he and an English cameraman first stopped and yelled down by a Japanese guard at a door, that guard’s face is 100% Japanese, perhaps with a bit Korean touch or perhaps not, but nothing related to whatever Chinese, “North” or “South”.

    On two Korean American movie stars: one is a young and famous Hollywood comedy movie megastar, can’t remember his name – his face is quintessentially 100% Han Chinese – no mistake there. The other Korean called Kang, an actor in series The Mentalist. His face can be said as “classic” Korean, or a regular Han Chinese – can be either way, but just not a Japanese face.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • So both northern europeans and east asians used to have very late puberty which given the dates seemsto me to have been changed by industrialization.

    For "late" puberty – 17 years is not too surprising in present day Africa…

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Sean,

    1. I know little on Shang,for now, due to less personal interests…yet the recognised more celebrated (in terms of achivements) is the following Zhou Dynasty. I know that many Japanese claim that Japan's royal familyline could be traced back to a defeated royal line of China's Qi Kingdom(current Shangdong province)shortly before the Qin Dynasty unified China when they retreated by sailing to the eastern isolated and backward "Dong Ying" Island – how ancient Chinese called Japan in Chinese fork stories and perhaps some history tests, too, by Sima Qian.

    2. You can't explain HK and Taiwan, though. Singapore is staggering and somewhat a "myth" in its own right even to me , considering it does have almost 20% much lower IQed Malays and Tamil Indians who are dragging down the average. Of course, there're waves of recent high IQ influx from HK recently. Yet from rags to riches it only took ONE geneation in Singapore, which, by and large, was originally formed by average, or arguablely below average, typical "Southen" Han Chinese. ROFL. Therefore generally speaking Singapore is NOT "by attracting the most intelligent for generations" as you claimed, it did so mainly AFTER it became rich.

    The possible takeaway implication here is more for Ron Unz actually, considering possible effects of early Flynn points, hence:

    No, Unz, East Asians are NOT the Exception. lol.

    3. Agreed, that by facial recognistion the Japanese aristocracy also to me look like more a Manchurian-Korean type, including the highest like japan's emporer – rofl, I am afraid that Japanese supermacists would go nuts here.

    (A very interesting note is that Japnese were very short historically, compared with Chinese and Koreans. Of course, body heights can be quickly changed by nutrition level as Japanese did with only 1 or 2 generations post WWII. Yet from historical Chinese accounts, Japanese geberally were VERY short – thus names like "undesized savage pirates". I think this was not a pure nutrition problem alone, but containing a genetic element as well – mixed with SE Asian/Pacific islanders.)

    Yet one can not deny another seemingly fact that a big chunk of Japan's aristocracy also look like very much Han Chinese by facial recognition. Also e.g. the former Japanese PM's surname is "Kan" – an official title, and a derived Chinese surname, in Imperial China. On top of that, the pre-modern history of Japan, indeed the world's classic and perhaps the ealiest perfect Copy+Paste example on nation scale, of almost eveything of Imperial China in its entirety, and the natural acceptance at mass and elite levels also seem to confirm there's a genetic element.

    This is related to one of my previous points that it seems that Japanese are much more highly mixed(than Korea, and "South" China for that matter): amongst large waves of migrantions in the beginning of Han Chinese-related tribes, Korea/Manchurian-related tribes — together they seem to have about 50%, and perhaps another 50% from much less advanced local Ainu-Jomon-Parcific islanders(Australoid). Unlike China and Korea which mostly dominated by almost 1 single group with sheer size, all of Japan's groups(all with hugh populations) have co-existed since ancient Japan till today. No wonder some claim that Japan had much more rigid caste/class system than imperial China did. When different tribes are together for so long, caste is logically a direct consequence. Isn't that a good evidence?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • The Shang had the earliest written language and therefore they had a wealthy knowledge caste whose higher intelligence could trickle down to replace impoverished peasants. IQ in the good schools in Singapore is almost incredibly high, but the westernised cities would have been attracting the most intelligent for generations. Southern rural IQ verses the northern rural IQ would be a better comparison. The Japanese aristocracy look like the Manchurian-Korean type.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • (Continued…)

    Yet

    For i) so what? by default they are not intermingled with the Han in a significant degree, till today.

    For ii) in either case, particularly in Catón, Han Chinese infusion has been so large historically that Catonese had been considered a main part of Han Chinese long time ago even though some of their facial features are SE Asian ( a typical case in point : the face of actress Lucy Liu, a typical Cantonese woman, with many SE Asia facial features even body size, yet still can be passed as Han Chinese due to overall consideration, particularly average IQ).

    For iii) the degree is arguablely far less than Japan: the intermingle of Australoid or proto-Mongoloid tribes such as Ainu-Jomon, Pacific islanders and Han Chinese/Korean “new arrivals” have been far more significant in Japan, BOTH in sheer size AND in percentage terms, throughout the most part of its history. In fact, if one really want to look at how NE Asians and SE Asians mingle, Japan is THE historical epicentre that is far, but far more, significant than some “Southern” Chinese.

    As Logic and history show, the points are:

    1. Any country has north-south divide today, so is China – many for convenience purpose (e.g. Chinese calling themselves “Northern” Chinese or “Southern” Chinese is no that different from what Australians calling “Northern” Australians and “Southern” Australians)

    2 Historically and today, “Southern” Chinese (defined as South of Yangze river for mainly convenience purpose) haven’t got a large degree of SE Asian genes, and for most, arguablelly not at all. The notion that they do due to their southern prehistoric (>100 generations ago) invasions is heavily flawed as I argued above. So called “genetic pie charts” popular in www with millions “sources” have some critical and quite large implied sampling errors due to varieties of BOTH technical AND political ( e.g. darn commies, or “white” and “polite” allies such as Japanese, ROFL) reasons.

    3. On the contrary, “Southern” Chinese are MORE “Nothern” than “Northen”Chinese in many areas. Reason one: China has been an unified landmass for so long that it is natural for original Nortehrn Han (mostly elites even) to reside in areas of Southern China which has much better weather and fertile lands. Capitals of many Chinese dynasty were located in South of Yangze, so were probably the majority of its (migrated) masses and elites – the same as USA today, most “Southen”elites such as G Bush, Schwarzenegger etc are located in the weather-perfect South such as TX, LA or FL instead of freezing Canadian borders. This also fits into evidences of Chinese historical exams and folk stories in which the most popular areas producing the lion share of genius are areas in the South of Yangze , instead of the North – it’s utterly logical.

    4. Another even much simpler logic kills the bulk of arguments of Sean : average IQ. Typical “Southen” Chinese regions/coutries are Singapore(Fujianese and Cantonese) , Hong Kong(Cantonese), and Taiwan(largely Fujianese), with average IQ of 108, 107 and 105 more or less on top of the world, higher and equal that of South Korea? There are hardly more “Southen” Chinese than these people, except pure mountain tribes at the southern borders. Perhaps Sean would like to explain the magic that how the heck an admitted high IQ people(“North” Han) + an admitted relative low IQ people( SE Asians) = an admitted The highest IQ people in the world, higher that his Korean gods?
    In other words, if “Southen” Chinese had a significant amount of SE Asian genes yet still producing the highest average IQ in the world, try to imagine what “Pure” “Northern” Chinese without mingling could do? ROFLMAO!

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • "You don't deny that the first civilization was in north China, so why is it so difficult for you to believe that the people who originated the Shang Dynasty were similar to Koreans, and the southern Chinese are the result of hybridisation by the culturally advanced northerners with southern peoples?" (Sean)

    To be fair even the majority of Korean and Japanese supremacists would admit that the “leading core” of their "tribes" were some kinds of descendents of China's Zhou Wen Wang (the first king of Zhou Dynasty of China)at the beginning. That's perhaps the main reason that they try to steal Chinese history.

    "South People"? ROFL! For one more time : The terms such as “South people (of China)”, “Southern” Chinese, etc. are such logically misnomers in any scientific context that makes celeb gossip mags look good.

    There were barely sizable "South People" to start with. Think! We are talking about 1000s years BC when the North expanded to the South. At a time there was no Geneva Convention or anything remotely similar. It is utterly logical to suggest that when one tribe was defeated in battles one lost the entire survival and breeding rights – literally wiped out of the face of the earth with All males of defeated Southern tribes killed , some females kept as slaves and others killed, too. The modern time closest analogy would be like what Anglo-Saxons encountered and did in North America and Australia, but only more salvage due to the prehistoric nature. Yes?

    On top of this, another 2 (seemingly) facts suggest that the size of “ SE Asia tribes in the beginning in South of Yangze was tiny and fragmented:

    1. there is no evidence of large sized agriculture in the area prior to the arrivals of Northern invasions ( logically also due to the fact that rice farming etc were not invented by SE Asians, but Han Chinese).

    2. there are absolutely no historical evidences that SE Asian tribes won large battles/wars against Han Chinese in the region, or the colonise South of Yangze at any point in history thereafter, so that their genes remained and occupied the region with any large scale. In fact, the contrary is the case.

    That said, "South" China (refer to South of Yangze) is a HUGE. I don’t deny

    i) there’re were some minority tribes deeply isolated in some pockets of mountainous areas that survived till today;

    ii)in the most southern border areas that next to SE Asia, notablely the current Guang Xi Minority Autonomous Region, Yunan Province, and Guang Dong (Catón) Province, there are significant SE Asia genes either due to natural degrees of mixed breeding or due to the fact many were the same bloodlines of some SE Asia tribes in the first place;

    iii) they are cases where SE Asia genes mixed into other regions in South of Yangze or even the North of it.

    (Continued…)

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • SMERSH,

    Then how do you explain the lower mean IQ of related populations in Mongolia and Siberia?

    Anon.,

    Part of the initial drop could reflect improvements in nutrition (although that factor could not easily explain the continuing drop over the past half century). But I also suspect that erotic stimuli were less present in the traditional social environment of young boys and girls. In Western societies, "dating" was rare or nonexistent before the 1920s. The process of courtship was much more rigidly controlled and supervised by parents.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • These factors seem to be too mild, shortlived and unexceptional to produce a 105 average IQ. It is more plausible to think that these factors slowed down the dysgenic decline in IQ slightly, relative to Europe. Agriculture just isn't that cognitively demanding.

    East Asians evolved their high IQs the same way Europeans did. Under the much harsher selection pressures of surviving an ice age for hundreds of thousands of years, back when they were Neanderthals.

    Recent studies indicate that East Asians are approximately 40% more Neanderthal than Europeans (due to their isolation from Africa).

    http://www.genetics.org/content/early/2013/02/04/genetics.112.148213.short?rss=1

    And that is why they are smarter than Europeans, although agriculture may also have been somewhat less dysgenic in East Asia than it was in Europe. for the factors you guys mention.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • There are no reasons to think infanticide was at all common in Japan, later Japanese at round the time of the Meiji Restoration (ie. westernisers) demonised the past with such stories as believers in the progress narrative similarly smeared the Middle Ages of Europe. Like the claims made against our own medieval ancestors, such claims against historical Japan cannot be taken at face value.

    Though infanticide was surely existent there (and in Europe), population control in Japan was surely achieved by means of restraint, contraceptives and after-the-fact emmenagogues as in medieval Europe, the Classical world, traditional China etc.

    On another note regarding EDAR, v370, remember this gene is found in the Americas too and by inference it must be at least as ancient there as the Clovis and its derivatives. People living in the cone of South America possessed traits such as thick, straight Mongoloid hair even if the rest of their phenotype wasn't East Asian.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Just horsing around? Or is there also a political message? It’s year’s end, and to date I’ve written nothing on the three themes I promised to blog about back in January. One reason was the need to comment on certain unforeseen events, like Phil Rushton’s death and the confirmation that Europeans became white-skinned long after...
  • Peter what do you think of the part about the paekchong outcastes of Korea in 'Chinese Outcasts: Discrimination and Emancipation in Late Imperial China' by Anders Hansson?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Syngman Rhee in 1905 and later South Korea’s first president (1948-1960). Though born into a rural family of modest means, he was of yangban and even royal lineage (source). Why is mean IQ higher in East Asia than elsewhere? Ron Unz (2013) sees the key cause in a scarcity of land and women that continually...
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    slightly off-topic but interesting

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puberty#Historical_shift

    "The average age at which the onset of puberty occurs has dropped significantly since the 1840s.[67][68][69] This was dubbed 'the secular trend' by J.M. Tanner. In every decade from 1840 to 1950 there was a drop of four months in the average age of menarche among Western European females. In Norway, girls born in 1840 had their menarche at an average age of 17 years. In France, the average in 1840 was 15.3 years. In England, the average in 1840 was 16.5 years. In Japan the decline happened later and was then more rapid: from 1945 to 1975 in Japan there was a drop of 11 months per decade."

    So both northern europeans and east asians used to have very late puberty which given the dates seemsto me to have been changed by industrialization.

    Given that it has been dropping since the 1840s i don't think it can be the usual reasons given.

    Was it sexually precocious girls – as a result of early puberty – being sent off to convents or otherwise punished that raised the average age of puberty?

    And the breakdown of rural cultural controls with industrialization and urbanization that has led to it dropping?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Anonymous • Disclaimer says:

    Sean
    "In a nutshell: Koreans Chinese and Japanese have all been selected for high IQ and temperance("moderation in action, thought, or feeling; restraint." ) by east Asian agriculture."

    IIRC East Asian agriculture isn't all the same. It is or was millet or wheat in the north (i forget which) and rice as you went south.

    If there was a difference in the population density supported by the two models that might support the idea of an already relatively high IQ northern colonists getting a bigger specialization boost in the south.

    (Assuming specialization boosts exist.)

    Also did landlordism and the possibility of a yeoman farmer effect exist everywhere at all times and all places? I doubt it.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • You don't deny that the first civilization was in north China, so why is it so difficult for you to believe that the people who originated the Shang Dynasty were similar to Koreans, and the southern Chinese are the result of hybridisation by the culturally advanced northerners with southern peoples?

    I've previously posted links which show weak or non existent adaptations for courtship and reproduction among East Asian males, and Koreans epitomise that. East Asians have the low birth-rates, and Koreans epitomise that. East Asians have large brains, and Koreans epitomise that too (cranial capacity of Korean males averages 1470cc).

    The Japanese upper classes still look rather Manchurian-Korean (slightly aquiline noses for example).

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • "Panda, I wonder if you're that bastard who runs that anti Korean site and said those two girls were asking to get run over by a tank."

    — ROFL.Thanks for asking, but no, Panda is no that bastard. Now it's my turn to wonder if you're the bastard who drove that tank?

    "Yellow River (Huang He) is a lot closer to Korea than the Yangtze"

    — Right, and it's even close to where thros ancient Turks were, your point being? You must be kidding. To get to Korea from Huang He, either you go North and cross the while Manchuria, or go to Shangtong and swim over the Yellow Sea. To go to Yangze however, you only need to close your eyes and ride on horse back for 2 days in a straight line – it took the current high speed rail 1 or 2 hours.

    "That probably explains why southern Chinese are less intelligent.than the Manchurian-Korean type"

    —sigh… "Southern"Chinese allover again? I thought I wrote 5 or 6 posts on that alone…?

    "Henan Valley (home of the Yellow River Civilization) have probably been selected for this for longer than other east Asians. I would expect that they have more reproductive restaint as well as higher IQ."

    — ROFL. Do you know by chance Henan provinde has been historically renouned for producing prefessionl beggers inside the whole China? The Science, maths, and arts scores of Henan have been, generally speaking, MUCH lower than MOST of "Southern"Chinese provinces, both in Chinese history, current GaoKao, and in PISA.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • East Asians do lack a smell that is due to testosterone derivatives, and this is most strikingly epitomised by Koreans "WHILE only 2 percent of Europeans lack the genes for smelly armpits, most East Asians and almost all Koreans lack this gene, "

    In my opinion, East Asian men lack this sexually stimulating (to women) smell, and handle testosterone very differently to other men because of selection for temperance – especially in reproductive behaviour. 10.66 (and check out the figure for Korea). IN Japan a quarter of unmarried men and women between the ages of 30 and 34 say they are virgins. The people of Korea and the Huang He, Henan Valley (home of the Yellow River Civilization) have probably been selected for this for longer than other east Asians. I would expect that they have more reproductive restaint as well as higher IQ.

    Anyway, to get back on topic: a hierarchy of classes is the key factor in raising IQ; farming probably doesn't have much effect.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • Panda, I wonder if you're that bastard who runs that anti Korean site and said those two girls were asking to get run over by a tank. Going by this map the Yellow River (Huang He) is a lot closer to Korea than the Yangtze The Chinese who are most likely to be the descendants of ancient upper classes are those who live where the earliest Chinese civilisation flowered: the Huang He valley of north China. That probably explains why southern Chinese are less intelligent.than the Manchurian-Korean type.

    East Asian variant of EDAR causes smaller breasts, and 93% of Han have it. But I was a bit out of line saying that it explained everything about east Asians, as 60% of American Indians have it too. It looks like sexual selection, but it can't be. I think that fits into a pattern. My point is that East asians, especially northern Chinese and related populations have a suite of peculiarities associated with testosterone metabolism and testosterone directed behaviour. To simplify; they seem to have been subject to anti sexual selection: selection for sexual restraint. Their lack of axillary odour is only one example of this. "Apocrine sweat glandModified apocrine glands include … the ceruminous glands, which produce ear wax; and the mammary glands, which produce milk. [...] East Asians have fewer such glands than Europeans and people of African descent, which decreases their susceptibility to body odor.[28][30] Individuals of African ancestry have the largest and most active apocrine glands.[31] Racial differences also exist in the cerumen glands: apocrine sweat glands which produce earwax.[3] East Asians have predominantly dry earwax, as opposed to sticky; the gene encoding for this is strongly linked to reduced body odor, whereas those with wet, sticky earwax (Europeans and Africans) are prone to more body odor". Also
    "Axillary odour, which is uncommon among Japanese (but common among Caucasians) was taken by the Japanese to be a disease they called 'osmidrosis axillae'—a disease that warranted hospitalization and exemption from the army") Aprocrine glands are known to be responsible for axillary odour" Also "Axillary odour is attributable mainly to the microbial conversion of androstadienol and androstadienone (which are secreted by the apocrine glands) to 5a- androstenone, 5af-androst-16-en-3a-ol,and 5a-androst-16-en-3a-ol. " It modulates women’s attributions of men’s attractiveness.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • "Korea is relatively problem-free. But perhaps there is also a problem of lumping Japanese together. The reason is simple: Japan, as Frost and Unz quote, has a strict “caste system”. By default it means that originally there were several large ethnic groups in the main formation period of “Japanese”, with some being intellectually superior while others inferior (decided by different genes?)."

    Genetic distance maps show that the Japanese have rather small genetic range, comparable to that of Korea. DNA studies have also shown that Japanese are ethnically homogenous, with the exception of Ryukyuuans and the Ainu, who were not assimilated large-scale into Japan until the 19th century.

    You also seem to think that there was an ethnic hierarchy in Japan, pointing to Unz's use of the word "caste system" as your proof. In fact, a caste system is simply a social hierarchy based on blood; it doesn't mean that there are ethnic differences between classes (if Unz and Frost were saying that – they would be wrong.)

    Japanese have been shown to have some of regional variation in percentages of certain DNA markers, which are attributed to the varying levels of intermarriage between the agricultural Yayoi people and the older Jomon people, whose descendants make up the traditional inhabitants of Japan. Ryukyuans and Ainu are simply extreme ends of the scale, with 55%and 85%haplogroup D vs. the 25-35%in ethnically Japanese (haplogroup D is thought to be a Jomon Y-DNA marker).

    I have yet to see any study supporting a multi-cultural, ethnically stratified, feudal system in Japan, except for this radical study by C. Loring Brace claiming that the samurai were mostly Ainu. But even he claims that this was due to intermarriage with ethnically Japanese royalty, not the Ainu alone ruling other Japanese people.

    "It reminds me of another unspoken question: indeed who was/were the high caste/class group/s in earlier Japan? Where they were originated? … Therefore, it insinuates that we have here a potentially much stronger nature argument rather than a cultural argument such as exam."

    If there were a nature argument, it would be due to eugenics, malnutrition etc. since there's no difference in ethnic origin.

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.
  • "The earliest known farms in east Asia were in Korea."

    South Korea currently is under strong nationalist resurgence waves as their economy took off, the same as Japan at 70s, 80s and 90s. Being under complete Chinese dominance in all spheres of achievements for thousands of years and recent Japanese humiliation for the last 100 years, Koreans had been stuck btw a rock and a hard place (to be fair, Korea was generally more advanced than Japan for most the history due to that fact it was China's vessal state). Thus it is understandable why they have such strong nationalist feelings at the moment.

    If you look through some Korean Nationalist websites( if you understand Korean language), they are claiming virtually evergthing and everybody important in the Chinese history Korean origins. rofl. e.g. the first emporer of China has Korean origin, Tang dynasty emporers were Koreans, Confucius was Korean, the Great Wall and Beijing's imperial palace were designed by Koreans, Koreans invented imperial exams, Korean were the first to use chopsticks for Tofu – yet another Korean invention of course… even they managed to find a close genetic link between Goerge Washington and Koreans with concrete DNA analysis… it is in the same vein of feelings when Japanese nationlists claimed that they were at least "half-white" due to Ainus and had nothing to do with Chinese and Korean Astraloids not that long ago, lol, (everyone were so convinient to forget that Japan was in fact the Weakest Link among East Asia 3 for most of the history) , all backed up with seemingly authoritive genetic researches popping up allover the places… lol

    … so much so that in Chinese forums it became a wellkonwn phrase years ago to describe this new phenominon – "Japan own the present, Koreans own the history, and Indians own the future" (as for most Indians' claims, the keyword will always be "we WILL…" because it seems that Indians themselves didn't have any well-written down history book until the British Raj give them one hence they seem had nothing to claim for the history, except "0" of course, thus they must claim the future) . rofl.

    Now, unless you're Korean Sean, calm down and use your own brain to think instead of letting a Korean nationalist wedsite do it for you. Look at at which latitudes Korea (entire) is located. What kind of common sense it will take to suggest that it has more chance for the earliest farming than relatively warmer/nicer, much more heavily populated central Chinese plain just down the Yellow river?

    Read More
    ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc.