The Unz Review: An Alternative Media Selection
A Collection of Interesting, Important, and Controversial Perspectives Largely Excluded from the American Mainstream Media

Bookmark Toggle AllToCAdd to LibraryRemove from Library • BShow CommentNext New CommentNext New ReplyRead More
ReplyAgree/Disagree/Etc. More... This Commenter This Thread Hide Thread Display All Comments
AgreeDisagreeLOLTroll
These buttons register your public Agreement, Disagreement, Troll, or LOL with the selected comment. They are ONLY available to recent, frequent commenters who have saved their Name+Email using the 'Remember My Information' checkbox, and may also ONLY be used once per hour.
Ignore Commenter Follow Commenter
Current Commenter
says:

Leave a Reply -


 Remember My InformationWhy?
 Email Replies to my Comment
Submitted comments become the property of The Unz Review and may be republished elsewhere at the sole discretion of the latter
Commenters to FollowHide Excerpts
By Authors Filter?
Anatoly Karlin Andrei Martyanov Andrew Joyce Andrew Napolitano Audacious Epigone Boyd D. Cathey C.J. Hopkins Chanda Chisala Egor Kholmogorov Eric Margolis Forum Fred Reed Agnostic P-ter Godfree Roberts Guillaume Durocher Gustavo Arellano Ilana Mercer Israel Shamir James Kirkpatrick James Petras James Thompson JayMan John Derbyshire Jonathan Revusky Kevin Barrett Lance Welton Linh Dinh Michael Hudson Mike Whitney Pat Buchanan Patrick Cockburn Paul Craig Roberts Paul Gottfried Paul Kersey Peter Frost Peter Lee Philip Giraldi Razib Khan Robert Weissberg Ron Paul Ron Unz Steve Sailer The Saker Tom Engelhardt A. Graham Adam Hochschild Aedon Cassiel Ahmet Öncü Alex Graham Alexander Cockburn Alexander Hart Alfred McCoy Alison Rose Levy Alison Weir Allegra Harpootlian Amr Abozeid Anand Gopal Andre Damon Andrew Cockburn Andrew Fraser Andrew J. Bacevich Andrew S. Fischer Andy Kroll Ann Jones Anonymous Anthony DiMaggio Ariel Dorfman Arlie Russell Hochschild Arno Develay Arnold Isaacs Artem Zagorodnov Astra Taylor AudaciousEpigone Austen Layard Aviva Chomsky Ayman Fadel Barbara Ehrenreich Barbara Garson Barbara Myers Barry Lando Belle Chesler Ben Fountain Ben Freeman Beverly Gologorsky Bill Black Bill Moyers Bob Dreyfuss Bonnie Faulkner Book Brad Griffin Brenton Sanderson Brett Redmayne-Titley Brian Dew Carl Horowitz Catherine Crump Chalmers Johnson Charles Bausman Charles Goodhart Charles Wood Charlotteville Survivor Chase Madar Chris Hedges Chris Roberts Christian Appy Christopher DeGroot Chuck Spinney Coleen Rowley Colin Liddell Cooper Sterling Craig Murray Dahr Jamail Dan E. Phillips Dan Sanchez Daniel McAdams Danny Sjursen Dave Kranzler Dave Lindorff David Barsamian David Bromwich David Chibo David Gordon David Irving David Lorimer David Martin David North David Vine David Walsh David William Pear David Yorkshire Dean Baker Dennis Saffran Diana Johnstone Dilip Hiro Dirk Bezemer Eamonn Fingleton Ed Warner Edmund Connelly Eduardo Galeano Edward Curtin Ellen Cantarow Ellen Packer Ellison Lodge Eric Draitser Eric Zuesse Erik Edstrom Erika Eichelberger Erin L. Thompson Eugene Girin F. Roger Devlin Fadi Abu Shammalah Franklin Lamb Frida Berrigan Friedrich Zauner Gabriel Black Gary Corseri Gary North Gary Younge Gene Tuttle George Albert George Bogdanich George Szamuely Georgianne Nienaber Gilad Atzmon Glenn Greenwald A. Beaujean Alex B. Amnestic Arcane Asher Bb Bbartlog Ben G Birch Barlow Canton ChairmanK Chrisg Coffee Mug Darth Quixote David David B David Boxenhorn DavidB Diana Dkane DMI Dobeln Duende Dylan Ericlien Fly Gcochran Godless Grady Herrick Jake & Kara Jason Collins Jason Malloy Jason s Jeet Jemima Joel John Emerson John Quiggin JP Kele Kjmtchl Mark Martin Matoko Kusanagi Matt Matt McIntosh Michael Vassar Miko Ml Ole Piccolino Rosko Schizmatic Scorpius Suman TangoMan The Theresa Thorfinn Thrasymachus Wintz Greg Grandin Greg Johnson Gregoire Chamayou Gregory Conte Gregory Foster Gregory Hood Gregory Wilpert Guest Admin Hannah Appel Hans-Hermann Hoppe Harri Honkanen Henry Cockburn Hina Shamsi Howard Zinn Hubert Collins Hugh McInnish Hunter DeRensis Ian Fantom Ira Chernus Jack Kerwick Jack Krak Jack Rasmus Jack Ravenwood Jack Sen Jake Bowyer James Bovard James Carroll James Fulford James J. O'Meara Jane Lazarre Jared S. Baumeister Jared Taylor Jason C. Ditz Jason Kessler Jay Stanley Jeff J. Brown Jeffrey Blankfort Jeffrey St. Clair Jen Marlowe Jeremiah Goulka Jeremy Cooper Jesse Mossman JHR Writers Jim Daniel Jim Goad Jim Kavanagh JoAnn Wypijewski Joe Lauria Johannes Wahlstrom John W. Dower John Feffer John Fund John Harrison Sims John Pilger John Reid John Scales Avery John Siman John Stauber John Taylor John Titus John V. Walsh John Wear John Williams Jon Else Jonathan Alan King Jonathan Anomaly Jonathan Cook Jonathan Rooper Jonathan Schell Joseph Kishore Joseph Sobran Juan Cole Judith Coburn Julian Bradford Karel Van Wolferen Karen Greenberg Kees Van Der Pijl Kelley Vlahos Kerry Bolton Kersasp D. Shekhdar Kevin MacDonald Kevin Rothrock Kevin Zeese Kshama Sawant Laura Gottesdiener Laura Poitras Laurent Guyénot Lawrence G. Proulx Leo Hohmann Linda Preston Logical Meme Lorraine Barlett M.G. Miles Mac Deford Maidhc O Cathail Malcolm Unwell Marcus Alethia Marcus Cicero Margaret Flowers Mark Danner Mark Engler Mark Perry Mark Weber Matt Parrott Mattea Kramer Matthew Harwood Matthew Richer Matthew Stevenson Max Blumenthal Max Denken Max North Max Parry Max West Maya Schenwar Michael Gould-Wartofsky Michael Hoffman Michael Schwartz Michael T. Klare Moon Landing Skeptic Murray Polner N. Joseph Potts Nan Levinson Naomi Oreskes Nate Terani Nathan Cofnas Nathan Doyle Ned Stark Nelson Rosit Nicholas Stix Nick Kollerstrom Nick Turse Nils Van Der Vegte Noam Chomsky NOI Research Group Nomi Prins Norman Finkelstein Patrick Cleburne Patrick Cloutier Patrick Martin Patrick McDermott Paul Cochrane Paul Engler Paul Mitchell Paul Nachman Paul Nehlen Pepe Escobar Peter Bradley Peter Brimelow Peter Gemma Peter Van Buren Philip Weiss Pierre M. Sprey Pratap Chatterjee Publius Decius Mus Rajan Menon Ralph Nader Ramin Mazaheri Ramziya Zaripova Randy Shields Ray McGovern Rebecca Gordon Rebecca Solnit Rémi Tremblay Richard Hugus Richard Krushnic Richard Silverstein Rick Shenkman Rita Rozhkova Robert Baxter Robert Bonomo Robert Fisk Robert Hampton Robert Henderson Robert Lipsyte Robert Parry Robert Roth Robert S. Griffin Robert Scheer Robert Trivers Robin Eastman Abaya Roger Dooghy Ronald N. Neff Rory Fanning Ryan Dawson Sam Francis Sam Husseini Sayed Hasan Sharmini Peries Sheldon Richman Spencer Davenport Spencer Quinn Stefan Karganovic Steffen A. Woll Stephanie Savell Stephen J. Rossi Stephen J. Sniegoski Steve Fraser Steven Yates Subhankar Banerjee Susan Southard Sydney Schanberg Tanya Golash-Boza Ted Rall Theodore A. Postol Thierry Meyssan Thomas A. Fudge Thomas Dalton Thomas Frank Thomas O. Meehan Tim Shorrock Tim Weiner Tobias Langdon Todd E. Pierce Todd Gitlin Todd Miller Tom Piatak Tom Suarez Tom Sunic Tracy Rosenberg Travis LeBlanc Trevor Lynch Virginia Dare Vladimir Brovkin Vladislav Krasnov Vox Day W. Patrick Lang Walter Block Washington Watcher Wayne Allensworth William Binney William DeBuys William Hartung William J. Astore Winslow T. Wheeler Ximena Ortiz Yan Shen Zhores Medvedev
Nothing found
By Topics/Categories Filter?
2016 Election Alt Right American Media American Military American Pravda Anti-Semitism Blacks Censorship China Conspiracy Theories Crime Culture Culture/Society Donald Trump Economics Education Foreign Policy Genetics History Human Biodiversity Ideology Immigration IQ Iran Israel Israel Lobby Israel/Palestine Jews Miscellaneous Movies Neocons Obama Open Thread Political Correctness Politics Race Race/Ethnicity Russia Science Sports Syria Terrorism Ukraine United States World War II 100% Jussie Content 100% Jussie-free Content 100% Jussie-relevant Content 2008 Election 2012 Election 2012 US Elections 2018 Election 2020 Election 23andMe 365 Black 365Black 9/11 A Farewell To Alms Aarab Barghouti Abc News Abigail Marsh Abortion Abraham Lincoln Academia Acheivement Gap Achievement Gap Acting White Adam Schiff Adaptation Addiction ADL Admin Administration Admixture Adoptees Adoption Affective Empathy Affirmative Action Affordable Family Formation Afghanistan Africa African Americans African Genetics Africans Afrikaner Afrocentricism Age Age Of Malthusian Industrialism Agriculture AI AIDS Ainu AIPAC Air Force Aircraft Carriers Airlines Airports Al Jazeera Alain Soral Alan Clemmons Alan Dershowitz Alan Macfarlane Albion's Seed Alcohol Alcoholism Aldous Huxley Alexander Hamilton Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Alexei Kudrin Alexei Navalny Ali Dawabsheh Alt Left Altruism Amazon Amazon.com America America First American Dream American Empire American History American Indians American Jews American Left American Legion American Nations American Nations American Presidents American Prisons American Revolution Amerindians Amish Amish Quotient Amnesty Amnesty International Amoral Familialism Amy Klobuchar Amygdala Anaconda Anatoly Karlin Ancestry Ancient DNA Ancient Genetics Ancient Near East Anders Breivik Andrei Nekrasov Andrew Jackson Andrew Sullivan Andrew Yang Angela Stent Anglo-Saxons Anglosphere Animal IQ Animal Rights Ann Coulter Anne Frank Annual Country Reports On Terrorism Anthropology Anti-Gentilism Anti-Vaccination Antifa Antiquity Antiracism Antisocial Behavior Antiwar Movement Anwar Al-Awlaki Ap Apartheid Apollo's Ascent Appalachia Arab Christianity Arab Spring Arabs Archaeogenetics Archaeology Archaic DNA Archaic Humans Architecture Arctic Sea Ice Melting Argentina Arkham's Razor Armenia Army Art Arthur Jensen Arthur Lichte Artificial Intelligence Arts/Letters Aryans Aryeh Lightstone Ash Carter Ashkenazi Intelligence Ashkenazi Jews Asia Asian Americans Asian Quotas Asians ASPM Assassinations Assimilation Assortative Mating Atheism Atlanta Attractiveness Australia Australian Aboriginals Austria Autism Automation Avigdor Lieberman Ayodhhya Azerbaijan Babes And Hunks Babri Masjid Baby Gap Backlash Bacterial Vaginosis Balanced Polymorphism Balkans Baltics Baltimore Riots Bangladesh Banjamin Netanyahu Banking Industry Banking System Banks Barack Obama Barbara Comstock Barbarians Baseball Baseball Statistics Bashar Al-Assad Basketball #BasketOfDeplorables Basque BBC BDS Movement Beauty Behavior Genetics Behavioral Economics Behavioral Genetics Belarus Belgium Belts Ben Cardin Ben Hodges Benedict Arnold Benjamin Cardin Benjamin Netanyahu Benny Gantz Berezovsky Bernard Henri-Levy Bernie Sanders Bernies Sanders #BernieSoWhite BICOM Big History BigPost Bilateral Relations Bilingual Education Bill 59 Bill Browder Bill Clinton Bill Gates Bill Kristol Bill Maher Bill Of Rights Billionaires Bioethics Biological Imperative Biology Birmingham Bisexuality Bitcoin BJP Black Community Black Crime Black Friday Black History Black History Month Black Lives Matter Black Muslims Black People Black People Accreditation Black Run America Black Undertow #BlackJobsMatter #BlackLiesMurder Blade Runner Blog Blogging Blogosphere Blond Hair Blood Libel Blue Eyes Bmi Boasian Anthropology boats-in-the-water bodybuilding Boeing Boers Bolshevik Revolution Bolshevik Russia Books Border Security Border Wall Borderlanders Boris Johnson Boycott Divest And Sanction Boycott Divestment And Sanctions Brahmans Brain Scans Brain Size Brain Structure Brazil Bret Stephens Brexit Brezhnev BRICs Brighter Brains Britain Brittany Watts Build The Wall Burakumin Burma Bush Bush Administration Business Byu California Californication Cambodia Cameron Russell Camp Of The Saints Campus Rape Canada #Cancel2022WorldCupinQatar Cancer Candida Albicans Capitalism Cardiovascular Disease Carlos Slim Carly Fiorina Caroline Glick Carroll Quigley Cars Carter Page Catalonia Catfight Catholic Church Catholicism Caucasus Cavaliers Cecil Rhodes Central Asia Chanda Chisala Charles Darwin Charles Krauthammer Charles Murray Charles Percy Charles Schumer Charleston Shooting Charlie Hebdo Charlottesville Checheniest Chechen Of Them All Chechens Chechnya Cherlie Hebdo Chess Chetty Chicago Chicagoization Chicken Hut Children China/America China Vietnam Chinese Chinese Communist Party Chinese Economy Chinese Evolution Chinese History Chinese IQ Chinese Language Chinese People Chris Gown Christianity Christmas Christopher Steele Chuck Hagel Chuck Schumer CIA Cinema Circumcision Civil Liberties Civil Rights Civil War Civilization CJIA Clannishness Clans Clash Of Civilizations Class Clayton County Climate Climate Change Clinton Clintons Cliodynamics clusterfake Coal Coalition Coalition Of The Fringes Coast Guard Cochran And Harpending Coen Brothers Cognitive Elitism Cognitive Empathy Cognitive Psychology Cognitive Science Cold War Colin Kaepernick Colin Woodard Collapse Party College Admission College Football Colonialism Color Revolution Columba Bush Comic Books Communism Community Reinvestment Act Computers Confederacy Confederate Flag Congress Conquistador-American Consciousness Consequences Conservatism Conservative Movement Conservatives Constitution Constitutional Theory Consumer Debt Controversial Book Convergence Core Article Cornel West Corruption Corruption Perception Index Cory Booker Counterpunch Cousin Marriage Cover Story Creationism CRIF Crimea Crimean Tatars Crimethink Crisis Crispr Crops crops-rotting-in-the-fields Cruise Missiles Crying Among The Farmland Ctrl-Left Cuba Cuckoldry Cuckservatism Cuckservative Cultural Anthropology Cultural Marxism Culture War Curfew Cut The Sh*t Guys Czech Republic DACA Daily Data Dump Dallas Shooting Damnatio Memoriae Dana Milbank Daniel Tosh Daren Acemoglu Dark Ages Darwinism Data Data Analysis Data Posts David Friedman David Frum David Hackett Fischer David Ignatius David Irving David Kramer David Lane David Moser David Petraeus Davide Piffer De Ploribus Unum Death Of The West Death Penalty Debbie Wasserman-Schultz Debt Decline And Fall Of The Roman Empire Deep South Deep State Degeneracy Democracy Democratic Party Demograhics Demographic Transition Demographics Demography Denisovans Denmark Dennis Ross Department Of Justice Deprivation Derek Harvey Detroit Development Developmental Noise Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders Dick Cheney Dienekes Diet Dinesh D'Souza Diplomacy Discrimination Disease Disney Disparate Impact Dissent Dissidence Diversity Diversity Before Diversity Diversity Pokemon Points Dmitry Medvedev DNA Dodecad Dogs Dollar Donme Don't Get Detroit-ed Dopamine Dostoevsky Down Syndrome Dreams From My Father Dresden Dress Codes Drone War Drones Drug Use Drugs DSM Duke Duterte Dylan Roof Dynasty Dysgenic E-books E. O. Wilson East Asia East Asian Exception East Asians Eastern Europe Ebola Ecology Economic Development Economic History Economic Sanctions Economic Theory Economy Ecuador Ed Miller Edward Gibbon Edward Snowden Effective Altruism Effortpost Efraim Diveroli Egor Kholmogorov Egypt Election 2008 Election 2012 Election 2016 Election 2018 Election 2020 Elections Electric Cars Elie Wiesel Eliot Cohen Eliot Engel Elites Elizabeth Holmes Elizabeth Warren Elliot Abrams Elliot Rodger Elliott Abrams Elon Musk Emigration Emil Kirkegaard Emmanuel Macron Empathy Energy England Entertainment Environment Environmentalism Epistemology Erdogan Espionage Estonia Estrogen Ethics Ethics And Morals Ethiopia Ethnic Genetic Interests Ethnic Nepotism Ethnicity EU Eugenics Eurabia Eurasia Euro Europe European Genetics European Genomics European History European Right European Union Europeans Eurozone Evolution Evolutionary Biology Evolutionary Genetics Evolutionary Genomics Evolutionary Psychology Exercise Eye Color Eyes Ezra Cohen-Watnick Face Recognition Face Shape Facebook Faces Fake News fallout False Flag Attack Family Family Matters Family Systems Fantasy Far Abroad FARA Farmers Farming Fascism FBI FDA FDD Fecundity Federal Reserve Female Homosexuality Female Sexual Response Feminism Feminists Ferguson Ferguson Shooting Fertility Fertility Fertility Rates Fethullah Gulen Feuds Fields Medals FIFA Film Finance Financial Bailout Financial Crisis Financial Debt Financial Times Finland Finn Baiting First Amendment First World War FISA Fitness Flash Mobs Flight From White Fluctuarius Argenteus Flynn Effect Food Football For Fun Forecasts Foreign Policy Foreign Service Fracking France Frankfurt School Franklin D. Roosevelt Frantz Fanon Franz Boas Freakonomics Fred Hiatt Free Speech Free Trade Free Will Freedom Of Speech Freedom French Canadians Friday Fluff Fried Chicken Friendly & Conventional Frivolty Frontlash Funny Future Futurism Game Game Of Nations Game Of Thrones Gandhi Gangs Gary Taubes Gay Germ Gay Marriage Gays/Lesbians Gaza Gemayel Clan Gen Z Gender Gender And Sexuality Gender Equality Gender Reassignment Gender Relations Gene-Culture Coevolution Genealogy General Intelligence General Social Survey Generational Gap Genes Genetic Diversity Genetic Engineering Genetic Load Genetic Pacification Genocide Genomics Gentrification Geography Geopolitics George Bush George Clooney George H. W. Bush George Patton George Soros George Tenet George W. Bush Georgia Germans Germany Gilad Atzmon Gina Haspel Gladwell Glenn Beck Global Terrorism Index Global Warming Globalism Globalization GMO God God Delusion Gold Golf Google Goths Government Government Debt Government Spending Government Surveillance Government Waste Graphs GRE Great Leap Forward Great Powers #GreatWhiteDefendantPrivilege Greece Greg Clark Greg Cochran Gregory Clark Gregory Cochran GRF Grooming Group Intelligence Group Selection GSS Guangzhou Guardian Guest Guilt Culture Gun Control Guns Guy Swan Gypsies H-1B H.R. McMaster H1-B Visas Haim Saban hair Hair Color Hair Lengthening Haiti Hajnal Line Half Sigma Halloween Hamilton: An American Musical HammerHate Hanzi Happening Happiness Harriet Tubman Harvard Harvey Weinstein Hasbara hate Hate Crimes Hate Facts Fraud Hoax Hate Hoaxes Hate Speech Hbd Hbd Chick Hbd Fallout Health Health And Medicine Health Care Healthcare Heart Disease Heart Health Hegira Height Height Privilege Helmuth Nyborg Help Henry Harpending Heredity Heritability Hexaco Hezbollah Hillary Clinton Himachal Pradesh Hindu Caste System Hispanic Crime Hispanics Hist kai Historical Genetics Historical Population Genetics History Of Science Hitler Hodgepodge Hollywood Holocaust Homicide Homicide Rate Homosexuality Houellebecq House Intelligence Committee Housing Howard Kohr Hox Hoxby HplusNRx Huawei Hubbert's Peak Huddled Masses Hug Thug Human Achievement human-capital Human Evolution Human Evolutionary Genetics Human Evolutionary Genomics Human Genetics Human Genome Human Genomics Human Rights Humor Hungary Hunt For The Great White Defendant Hunter-Gatherers Hunting Hurricane Katrina Hybridization Hypocrisy Hysteria I Love Italians I.Q. I.Q. Genomics #IBelieveInHavenMonahan Ibn Khaldun Ibo Ice T Iceland Ideas Identity Ideology And Worldview Idiocracy Igbo Ilhan Omar Illegal Immigration Ilyushin IMF Immigration immigration-policy-terminology Immigriping Imperialism Imran Awan Inbreeding Income Incompetence India India Genetics Indian Economy Indian Genetics Indian IQ Indians Individualism Indo-European Indo-Europeans Indonesia Inequality Infrastructure Intellectuals Intelligence Intelligent Design International International Affairs International Comparisons International Relations Internet Internet Research Agency Interracial Interracial Marriage Intersectionality Interviews Introgression Invade Invite In Hock Invade The World Invite The World Iosef Stalin Iosif Lazaridis Iosif Stalin Iq Iq And Wealth Iran Nuclear Agreement Iran Nuclear Program Iranian Nuclear Program Iranian Nuclear Weapons Program Iraq Iraq War Ireland IRGC Is It Good For The Jews? Is Love Colorblind ISIS ISIS. Terrorism Islam Islamic Jihad Islamic State Islamism Islamophobia Islamophobiaphobia Isolationism Israel Defense Force Israel Separation Wall Israeli Occupation Israeli Settlements Israeli Spying IT Italy It's Okay To Be White Ivanka Jack Keane Jair Bolsonaro Jake Tapper Jamaica Jamal Khashoggi James B. Watson James Clapper James Comey James Jeffrey James Mattis James Watson James Wooley Jane Mayer Janet Yellen Japan Jared Diamond Jared Kushner Jared Taylor Jason Malloy JASTA JCPOA ¡Jeb! Jeb Bush Jefferson County Jeffrey Goldberg Jennifer Rubin Jeremy Corbyn Jerrold Nadler Jerry Seinfeld Jesuits Jewish Genetics Jewish History Jewish Intellectuals JFK Assassination JFK Jr. Jill Stein Joe Cirincione Joe Lieberman John Allen John B. Watson John Bolton John Brennan John Derbyshire John Durant John F. Kennedy John Hawks John Hughes John Kasich John Kerry John McCain John McLaughlin John Mearsheimer John Tooby Jonah Goldberg Jonathan Freedland Jordan Peterson Joseph Tainter Journalism Judaism Judge George Daniels Judicial System Judith Harris Julian Assange Jussie Smollett Justice Kaboom Kalash Kamala On Her Knees Katz Kay Bailey Hutchison Keith Ellison Ken Livingstone Kenneth Marcus Kenneth Pomeranz Kennewick Man Kerry Killinger Kevin MacDonald Kevin Mitchell Kevin Williamson Khashoggi Kids Kim Jong Un Kin Selection Kinship Kkk KKKrazy Glue Of The Coalition Of The Fringes Knesset Kompromat Korea Korean War Kosovo Kremlin Clans Kris Kobach Ku Klux Klan Kurds LA Language Languages Las Vegas Massacre Late Obama Age Collapse Late Ov Latin America Latinos Latvia Law Law Laws Of Behavioral Genetics Lazy Glossophiliac Lead Poisoning Learning Lebanon Leda Cosmides Lee Kuan Yew Lenin Leonard Bernstein Lesbians Lèse-diversité LGBT Liberal Opposition Liberal Whites Liberalism Liberals Libertarianism Libertarians Libya Life life-expectancy Lifestyle Light Skin Preference Lindsay Graham Lindsey Graham Linguistics Literacy Literature Lithuania Litvinenko Living Standards Lloyd Blankfein Localism Logan's Run Longevity Loooong Books Looting Lorde Louis Farrakhan Love And Marriage Lover Boys Lyndon Johnson M Factor M.g. Machiavellianism Mad Men Madeleine Albright Madoff Magnitsky Act Mahmoud Abbas Malaysian Airlines MH17 Male Homosexuality Mall Malnutrition Malthusianism Manor Manorialism Manspreading Manufacturing Mao Zedong Maoism Map Map Posts maps Marc Faber Marco Rubio Maria Butina Marijuana Marine Le Pen mark-adomanis Mark Steyn Mark Warner Market Economy Marriage Marta Martin Luther King Marwan Barghouti Marxism Masculinity Masha Gessen Mass Shootings Massacre In Nice Mate Choice Math Mathematics Matt Forney Matthew Weiner Max Blumenthal Max Boot Mayans McCain McCain/POW McDonald's Mcdonald's 365Black Measurement Error Media Media Bias Medicine Medvedev Mega-Aggressions Megan McCain Mein Obama MEK Memorial Day Men With Gold Chains Meng Wanzhou Mental Illness Mental Traits Merciless Indian Savages Meritocracy Merkel Merkel Youth Merkel's Boner Mesolithic Mexican-American War Mexico MH 17 Michael Flynn Michael Jackson Michael Morell Michael Pompeo Michael Vick Michael Weiss Michelle Goldberg Michelle Ma Belle Michelle Obama Microaggressions Microsoft Middle Ages Middle East Migration Mike Pence Mike Pompeo Mike Signer Mikhail Khodorkovsky Militarization Military Military History Military Spending Military Technology Millionaires Milner Group Mindset Minimum Wage Minneapolis Minorities Misdreavus Missile Defense Missing The Point Mitt Romney Mixed-Race Model Minority Mohammed Bin Salman Monarchy Money Monogamy Moon Landing Hoax Moon Landings Moore's Law Moral Absolutism Moral Universalism Morality Mormonism Mormons Mortality Mortgage Moscow Mossad Moxie MTDNA Mulatto Elite Multiculturalism Multiregionalism Music Muslim Muslim Ban Muslims Mussolini Mutual Assured Destruction Myanmar NAEP NAMs Nancy Pelosi Nancy Segal Narendra Modi NASA Natalism Nation Of Islam National Assessment Of Educational Progress National Question National Review National Security State National Security Strategy National Wealth Nationalism Native Americans NATO Natural Selection Nature Nature Vs. Nurture Navy Standards Naz Shah Nazism NBA Neandertal Neandertals Neanderthals Near Abroad Ned Flanders Neo-Nazis Neoconservatism Neoconservatives Neoliberalism Neolithic Neolithic Revolution Neoreaction Nerds Netherlands Neuroscience New Atheists New Cold War New Orleans New World Order New York New York City New York Times New Zealand Shooting News Newspeak NFL Nicholas II Nicholas Wade Nick Eberstadt Nigeria Nike Nikki Haley Noam Chomsky Nobel Prize Nobel Prized #NobelsSoWhiteMale Nordics Norman Braman North Africa North Korea Northern Ireland Northwest Europe Norway #NotOkay Novorossiya Novorossiya Sitrep NSA Nuclear Power Nuclear War Nuclear Weapons Nutrition O Mio Babbino Caro Obama Presidency Obamacare Obese Obesity Obituary Obscured American Occam's Butterknife Occam's Razor Occam's Rubber Room Occupy October Surprise Oil Oliver Stone Olympics Open Borders Operational Sex Ratio Opinion Poll Opioids Orban Original Memes Orissa Orlando Shooting Orthodoxy Orwell Orwellian Language Osama Bin Laden OTFI Out-of-Africa Out Of Africa Model Outbreeding Paekchong Pakistan Pakistani Paleoanthropology Paleolibertarianism Paleolithic Paleolithic Europeans Paleontology Palestine Palestinians Palin Pamela Geller Panhandling Paper Review Parasite Manipulation Parenting Parenting Parenting Behavioral Genetics Paris Attacks Parsi Parsi Genetics Partly Inbred Extended Family Pat Buchanan Pathogens Patriot Act Patriotism Paul Ewald Paul Ryan Paul Singer Paul Wolfowitz Pavel Grudinin Pax Americana Peak Oil Pearl Harbor Pedophilia Pentagon Peoria Perception Management Personal Personal Genomics Personal Use Personality Peter Frost Peter Turchin Petro Poroshenko Pets Pew Phil Onderdonk Phil Rushton Philadelphia Philip Breedlove Philippines Philosophy Philosophy Of Science Phylogenetics Pigmentation Pigs Piketty Pioneer Hypothesis Piracy PISA Pizzagate Planned Parenthood Plaques For Blacks POC Ascendancy Poland Police Police State Police Training Political Correctness Makes You Stupid Political Dissolution Political Economy Political Philosophy Politicians Polling Polygamy Polygenic Score Polygyny Poor Reading Skills Pope Francis Population Population Genetics Population Growth Population Replacement Population Structure Population Substructure Populism Porn Pornography Portugal Post-Modernism Poverty PRC Pre-Obama America Prediction Presidential Race '08 Presidential Race '12 Presidential Race '16 Presidential Race '20 Press Censorship Prince Bandar Priti Patel Privatization Productivity Profiling Progressives Projection Pronoun Crisis Propaganda Prostitution protest Protestantism Psychology Psychometrics Psychopaths Psychopathy Pubertal Timing Public Health Public Schools Public Transportation Puerto Rico Puritans Putin Putin Derangement Syndrome Pygmies Qatar Quakers Quality Of Life Quantitative Genetics Quebec R. A. Fisher Race And Crime Race And Genomics Race And Iq Race/Crime Race Denialism Race/IQ race-realism Race Riots Rachel Maddow Racial Intelligence Racial Reality Racialism Racism Racist Objects Menace Racist Pumpkin Incident Radical Islam Raj Shah Rand Paul Randy Fine Rap Music Rape Raqqa Rashida Tlaib Rationality Razib Khan Reader Survey Reading Real Estate RealWorld Recep Tayyip Erdogan Red State Blue State redlining Redneck Dunkirk Refugee Boy Refugee Crisis #refugeeswelcome #RefugeesWelcomeInQatar Regression To The Mean Religion Religion Religion And Philosophy Rentier Replication Reprint Republican Party Republicans Reuel Gerecht Review Revisionism Rex Tillerson RFK Assassination Ricci Richard Dawkins Richard Dyer Richard Goldberg Richard Lewontin Richard Lynn Richard Nixon Richard Russell Riots Ritholtz R/k Theory Robert Ford Robert Kraft Robert Lindsay Robert McNamara Robert Mueller Robert Mugabe Robert Plomin Robert Spencer Robots Rohingya Rolling Stone Roman Empire Romania Rome Romney Ron DeSantis Ron Paul Ron Unz Ronald Reagan Rotherham Rove Roy Moore RT International Rudy Giuliani Rurik's Seed Russia-Georgia War Russiagate Russian Demography Russian Economy Russian Elections 2018 Russian Far East Russian History Russian Media Russian Military Russian Occupation Government Russian Orthodox Church Russian Reaction Russian Society Russophobes Saakashvili sabermetrics Sabrina Rubin Erdely Sacha Baron Cohen Sailer Strategy Sailer's First Law Of Female Journalism Saint Peter Tear Down This Gate! Saint-Petersburg Same-sex Marriage San Bernadino Massacre Sandra Beleza Sandy Hook Sapir-Whorf Sarah Palin Sarin Gas SAT Saudi Arabia Saying What You Have To Say Scandinavia Schizophrenia Science Denialism Science Fiction Science Fiction & Fantasy Scotland Scots Irish Scott Ritter Scrabble Secession Seeking Happiness Select Select Post Selection Self Indulgence Self-Obsession Separating The Truth From The Nonsense Serbia Sergei Magnitsky Sergei Skripal Sergey Brin Sex Sex Differences Sex Ratio Sex Ratio At Birth Sex Recognition Sexual Dimorphism Sexual Division Of Labor Sexual Selection Shai Masot Shakespeare Shame Culture Shanghai Shared Environment Shekhovstov Sheldon Adelson Shias And Sunnis Shimon Arad Shmuley Boteach Shorts And Funnies Shoshana Bryen Shurat HaDin Sibel Edmonds Sigar Pearl Mandelker Silicon Valley Singapore Single Men Single Women Six Day War SJWs Skin Color Skin Tone Slate Slave Trade Slavery Slavery Reparations Slavoj Zizek SLC24A5 Sleep Smart Fraction Smoking Soccer Social Justice Warriors Social Media Social Science Socialism Society Sociobiology Sociology Sociopathy Sociosexuality Solar Energy Solutions Solzhenitsyn Sotomayor South Africa South Asia South China Sea South Korea Southeast Asia Southern Poverty Law Center Sovereignty Soviet History Soviet Union Space Space Command Space Exploration Space Program Spain Speculation SPLC Sport Sputnik News Srebrenica Stabby Somali Stacey Abrams Staffan Stage Stalinism Standardized Tests Star Trek Comparisons State Department State Formation States Rights Statistics Statue Of Liberty Statue Of Libertyism Steny Hoyer Stephen Cohen Stephen Colbert Stephen Harper Stephen Jay Gould Stephen Townsend Stereotypes Steroids Steve Bannon Steve King Steve Sailer Steven Pinker Steve's Rice Thresher Columns Strategic Affairs Ministry Stuart Levey Stuff White People Like SU-57 Sub-replacement Fertility Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Africans Subprime Mortgage Crisis Suicide Super Soaker Supercomputers Superintelligence Supreme Court Survey Susan Glasser Svidomy Sweden Switzerland Syed Farook syr Syrian Civil War Syriza T.S. Eliot Ta-Nehisi Coates Taiwan Take Action Taki Taliban Tamil Nadu Tashfeen Malik Tax Cuts Tax Evasion Taxation Taxes Tea Party Technical Considerations Technology Ted Cruz Television Terrorists Tesla Test Scores Testing Testosterone Tests Texas Thailand The AK The American Conservative The Bell Curve The Bible The Black Autumn "the Blacks" The Blank Slate The Breeder's Equation The Cathedral The Confederacy The Constitution The Economist The Eight Banditos The Family The Future The Kissing Billionaire The Left The Megaphone The New York Times The Scramble For America The Son Also Rises The South The States The Washington Post The Zeroth Amendment To The Constitution Theranos Theresa May Thermoeconomics Thomas Jefferson Thomas Moorer Thomas Perez Thomas Talhelm Thor Tidewater Tiger Mom Tiger Woods Tim Tebow TIMSS TNC Tom Cotton Tom Wolfe Tony Blair Tony Kleinfeld Too Many White People Torture Trade Transgenderism Transhumanism Translation Translations Travel Trayvon Martin Trolling Trope Derangement Syndrome Tropical Humans True Redneck Stereotypes Trump Trump Derangement Syndrome Trust Tsarist Russia Tsarnaev Tucker Carlson Tulsa Tulsi Gabbard Turkey Turks Tuskegee TWA 800 Twin Study Twins Twintuition Twitter UK Ukrainian Crisis Unanswerable Questions Unbearable Whiteness Unemployment Union United Kingdom Universal Basic Income Universalism unwordly Upper Paleolithic Urbanization US Blacks US Civil War II US Elections 2016 US Elections 2020 US Military US Regionalism US-Russia.org Expert Discussion Panel USA Used Car Dealers Moral Superiority Of USS Liberty Uttar Pradesh Uyghurs Vaginal Yeast Valerie Plame Vdare Venezuela Vibrancy Victor Canfield Victoria Nuland Victorian England Victorianism Video Video Games Vietnam Vietnam War Vietnamese Violence Vioxx Virtual World Visual Word Form Area Vitamin D Vladimir Putin Voronezh Vote Fraud Voting Rights Vulcan Society Wal-Mart Wall Street Walmart War War In Donbass War On Terror Warhammer Washington Post WasPage Watson Waugh Wealth Wealth Inequality Weight Loss WEIRDO Welfare Western Decline Western Europe Western European Marriage Pattern Western Hypocrisy Western Media Western Religion Western Revival Westerns White White America White Americans White Death White Decline White Flight White Helmets White Liberals White Man's Burden White Nationalism White Nationalists White Privilege White Slavery White Supremacy White Teachers Whiterpeople Whites Who Is The Fairest Of Them All? Who Whom Wikileaks Wild Life William Browder William Buckley William D. Hamilton William Fulbright William Kristol WINEP Winston Churchill Women Women In The Workplace Wonderlic Test Woodley Effect Woodrow Wilson WORDSUM Work Workers Working Class World Cup World Values Survey World War G World War I World War III World War T World War Weed Wretched Refuseism Writing WSHH WSJ WTO WVS Xi Jinping Y Chromosome Yamnaya Yankees Yemen Yochi Dreazen Yogi Berra's Restaurant YouTube Youtube Ban Yugoslavia Zbigniew Brzezinski Zika Zika Virus Zimbabwe Zionism Zombies
Nothing found
"Aeolius"
Comments
• My
Comments
75 Comments • 13,900 Words •  RSS
(Commenters may request that their archives be hidden by contacting the appropriate blogger)
All Comments
 All Comments
    Throughout the presidential campaign, Donald Trump’s foreign policy positions have been anything but consistent. One day we heard that NATO was obsolete and the US needs to pursue better relations with Russia. But the next time he spoke, these sensible positions were abandoned or an opposite position was taken. Trump’s inconsistent rhetoric left us wondering...
  • I am not suggesting that Trump is doing this. But there is some merit in talking out of both sides of your mouth.
    It may be unsettling for a listener whom is used to believing that he has the right to a clear message for his own sense of direction. And that you have a right to ask another person to reduce your anxiety by being clear. Sort of an intellectual’s comfort animal.

    Most politicians come from a legal background. Where there is a need on the one hand to present an argument cogent to a certain perhaps artificial logic. And at the same time having to use this to please the minds of a certain person or persons.
    Trump comes from an entirely different background. Where there one’s words are closely watched by a hostile other. And communication is one weapon used to keep the enemy off balance. Its all out of the “Art of War”

  • The new Alice Roberts documentary is going viral. Or at least its spin is. E.g., Western contact with China began long before Marco Polo, experts say: Let's go with the easy part first: there were no "Western" people when the Afanasevo culture was pushing into the fringes of what is today Xinjiang. There are two...
  • You said “Western Contact with China Did Not Occur 3,000 Years Ago”.
    That statement requires an omniscient observer.
    Lack of proof does not mean proof of lack.
    Just recently bones of two Asians from ~2-400AD were found near London. That’s what I would expect we will eventuality find in reverse in China

    For reasons which escape me professionals in Archeology/Anthropology keep minimizing the very human curiosity drive. In stead they want to fit human behavior into neat categories which they can then publish. Clovis-only thinking seems to be a paradigm of such thought
    I expect travelers did cross the Asian continent occasionally long before and after 3000BC . You might want to examine the genetic nature of the exploratory drive.

    • Replies: @Razib Khan
    are you just not very intelligent, or you don't read the posts you comment on as a matter of course?
  • The above talk is from Alice Dreger, author of Galileo's Middle Finger: Heretics, Activists, and One Scholar's Search for Justice. I don't know Dreger personally, but she seems like a brave and courageous person. In the broadest strokes there's very little where we disagree. Yes, our politics, and many of our specific beliefs, diverge, but...
  • I think a basic mistake is to see the “PC” movement as an intellectual endeavor. I see it as a religious movement. IIRC it is Voltaire who said ” If God didn’t exist Man would invent him”. With the fall of main-stream Protestantism there was a religious void. PC filled that void. And it does have Primitive Christian-like aspects.
    I am not an intellectual-historian. But there seems a close connection between the post-Reformation notion of an individual relationship with God and the Enlightenment notion of free thought. And they have fallen together.
    The reason for the fall? The mainstay of modern capitalism is continued consumerism. And that in turn demands commercial advertising. And that demands not individual choice, but carefully guided behavior. With strong undercurrents of success in social situations as being the only important goal. And the ability for humans to remain strongly connected is improved by the cell phone.
    Maybe we have been indoctrinated by the Enlightenment to believe that individual behavior is the norm. But from microbes on up there is also cooperative behavior. And the rules for individual and social behaviors are different. PC behavior just may be the next step in our evolution

  • During the long Cold War many Russians grew sufficiently disenchanted with the lies and omissions of their own news outlets that they turned to Western radio for a glimpse of the truth. The growth of the Internet has now provided Americans with a similar opportunity to click on a foreign website and discover the important...
  • @guest
    You seem to be under the delusion that the only way to surrender is unconditionally. The Japanese were trying to surrender. The U.S. wouldn't accept terms, which is why they resorted to the A-bomb. It certainly wasn't because mainland Japan had to be invaded and millions would've been killed, as our propaganda would have you believe. How did they know we weren't going to Morgenthau them? That's why they fought on.

    Used to be wars ended on negotiated settlements all the time. Now we pretend there's no victory lest our boot is on the throat of our competitors. Know what? That makes wars more costly and dangerous, plus it makes the aftermath harder because you basically have to conquer and govern them. Who wants that hassle?

    We did, of course, because we wanted to run the world. Not that we admit it.

    One of the worst faults of the “Politically-Correct” folks is using their own (seriously flawed) notions of morality to earlier times and places. Without any regard for trying to understand the world as it was at that time. Add to that that there is most often in their understanding only one thing going on at a time. A one-string violin. Instead of the massive cross-currents of a thousand agendas that is always present in any major political action.
    You present an alternative which is reasonable from a 21st Century US position. But what does that have to do with what Truman was faced with.
    Purely intellectually we must understand that your idea that “wars used to be negotiated all the time” is probably wrong. In fact this Wilsonian fantasy was tried in 1918 with the result that Germany was able to quickly return as a major army. Do you think the 1944 mindset was to repeat Wilsonian intellectual fantasy? Unconditional surrender was the goal in Europe.
    Why should this have been not imposed on Japan. Keeping the Emperor was no little concession. Were not the Japanese as sure of their Ubermensch status as were the Germans and the Italians? For Japan this special status was bestowed on them via the Emperor. Where was no gain for the Allies to allow him to maintain his God-like status?
    Finally maybe Japan was on its last legs. Or maybe it would have taken tens of thousands of US lives to take the Islands. Why should America not take Japanese lives and save our own by using the bomb.
    P-C folks are very easy to have others do their dirty work while they sit on the sidelines and critic them. But how many of them say would patrol a ghetto neighborhood at night. Or join the military?

    • Replies: @Hibernian
    Peace treaties go back a lot farther than Versailles. Versailles failed because it was vindictive and little better than unconditional surrender.
  • Interesting piece in The Wall Street Journal, which could have been cribbed from David Epstein's The Sports Gene (a very good book I might add), NBA Basketball Runs in the Family (if you go to Google News and search for the title it should come up and you can get a free copy): As indicated...
  • Extending Howard Gardener’s theory of “multiple intelligences” it does not seem too far fetched to talk of “Basketball IQ”. That is there is a pattern or limited number of patterns of genes which bestow the highest adaptive advantage to the environment of Professional Basketball”
    Radical environmentalism seems to fit the American Character, even before it was accepted as legal dogma in “Brown vs the Board”.
    I think it fair to state that for most of history the heritability of traits was a given, So IIRC guilds tended to restrict marriage to other guild members, and of course so did the aristocracy. These of course are specific examples in humans of homogamy. Which is also of course in the USA is also incorrect.

  • One of the most curious things to people is that siblings can vary a great deal in their traits. Sometimes, this is not simply due to environment. Height is a predominantly genetic characteristic in terms of its heritability within the population, but the correlation between siblings is only 0.50 in terms of the trait value....
  • Rahib said:
    “And yet with a quantitative trait where most of the variation is due to genes of small effect this seems peculiar. Though genetics is not “blending,” it seems that inheritance should be closer to blending when it comes to thousands of genes combining to account for the variation on one trait.’
    I believe that this is error.
    IQ is not a trait, like say blue eyes. In solving a problem,where there are so many genes involved, one needs to wonder if there are several successful combinations If you examine in depth the way a problem is solved by several individuals, you get a variety of processes that are successful. Assuming a relationship between process and some combination of genes, then perhaps we have a number of successful combinations. An analog of convergent evolution.
    Also when one is dealing with cognitive IQ (versus say Social IQ or Body IQ) then a theory of cognition seems to be necessary. Is there yet an accepted “Standard Model” of Cognition?
    I am certainly no expert in quantum physics. But there, there is not a single answer but all possible answers existing at once. I have a hunch that we will need that kind of theorizing to understand cognition and then to rank cognitive successes.

    • Replies: @Razib Khan
    i have no fucking idea what you are trying to say.
    , @Karl Zimmerman
    The idea that genes controlling for intelligence in humans are massively redundant is quite intriguing. If your father has gene X and your mother gene Y, both of which control for intelligence, it may be that they functionally cause an IQ boost through the same pathway, and thus getting copies of both isn't advantageous.

    The problem is, I don't think you can make a claim that human evolution has worked this way. I mean yes, we have examples like multiple genetic pathways for lactase persistance. But these are historically recent, along with being controlled by single mutations. For the genetic architecture of intelligence to be massively redundant, you'd need to presume the reproductive isolation of lots of human populations, most of which then underwent selection for higher IQ. New alleles would have to develop quickly enough that simple introgression from neighboring populations wouldn't become the favored method of enhancing the trait. Given how much admixture there has been through various periods of human history, this seems rather unlikely. More limited versions of this (like different genes controlling higher IQ in Eastern Asia and Europe, but those genes for the most part expressing through parallel pathways) do seem plausible however.
  • Facts are important. But they can be inconvenient. Despite the stream of "think" pieces about "hookup culture" over the past decade there is no evidence that young people today are more promiscuous than in the past. In fact, on the contrary. Young people today are by most measures less promiscuous than past post-WW2 generations, in...
  • There is a Buddhist parable about the monk who spent years in deep meditation to envision himself with a set of antlers. Finally it got so he was unable to walk out the door because his antlers were too wide.

    Some bureaucrat, for his mystical reasons, imagined that there was a real world group called “Asian”. Since then others have been in deep meditation until they have come to believe that “Asian” has a real existence that can then be investigated.
    I will disagree with you that the group “Black” has much more of a claim to reality. It includes enslaved Africans from a heterogeneous tribal background. It also includes descendants of this group whose background is mixed with European and Amerindian. It also seems to include those of post-slavery Africans immigrants. Finally it does not include descendants of Africans enslaved in Hispanic America.

  • No time to comment. Yes, the hits with SNPs are cool. But look at all the functional associations and analysis in this paper! Some serious biology in this. The figure from the paper to the left which shows how the genes associated with this SNP hits are expressed in different tissue/types and organs. These are...
  • Of course in large sample-size studies one can easily expect to find differences. Thus the study seems correctly to give consideration of the magnitude of the effect the percentage of the total variation that this difference accounts for.
    from the phys.org website
    “The total influence of the 74 identified genetic variants is small, explaining about 0.43 of 1 percent of the variation in educational attainment across individuals, the scientists wrote.

    “For the variant with the largest effect, the difference between people with zero copies and those who have two copies of the variant predicts, on average, about nine more weeks of schooling,” Benjamin said.

    The results suggest that the genetic influences on educational attainment are spread across thousands, if not millions, of genetic variants, most of which have not yet been identified, Benjamin said.”

    “The very small effects of individual genetic variants is itself an important finding, which echoes what we’ve seen in our own earlier work,” Benjamin said. “It means that simplistic interpretations of our results, such as calling them ‘genes for education,’ are totally misleading. At the same time, despite the small effects of individual genetic variants, the results are useful because we can learn a lot from studying the combined effects of the genetic variants taken all together.”
    This is a European study. Since the implementation of mass education in Europe is only a few centuries old, we cannot expect there has been significant evolutionary pressure for success in this area.
    “…the researchers found that many of the genes associated with educational attainment are influential in brain development, even before birth. The scientists said these genes likely play a role in cognitive function and personality traits, such as grit, that matter for school performance.”
    What I find exciting is,using Genetic Based Medicine as a model, is to be able to to have Genetic Based Education. ADHD is a genetic variant which probably had some evolutionary benefit. But is ill suited to the modern classroom. Some success has been achieved in schools willing or able to alter environmental and instructional milieu.
    Hopefully we will be able to extend this to other genetics variants.

    • Replies: @Razib Khan
    The results suggest that the genetic influences on educational attainment are spread across thousands, if not millions, of genetic variants, most of which have not yet been identified, Benjamin said.

    i think millions is a bit of hyperbole. the # of variants is on the order of millions. i think for most of the variation isn't going to be tens of thosuands. about 10x more than height.
    , @notanon

    ADHD is a genetic variant which probably had some evolutionary benefit. But is ill suited to the modern classroom. Some success has been achieved in schools willing or able to alter environmental and instructional milieu.
     
    I like the sound of that.
  • The map and chart above is from The genetic history of Ice Age Europe, a new paper in Nature from the Reich lab (the new data has been posted). It illustrates probably the major finding of the paper, using a ~40,000 year paleogenetic transect of 51 ancient DNA samples the authors conclude that there have...
  • @Rick
    I really didn't mean to get into whether or not archaics could pass as modern humans.

    What I really wanted to focus on is that there are people who think that the cultural revolutions that took place outside of SSA in the last ~50,000 years were due to some kind of evolutionary jump from proto-human to fully modern humans in Eurasia.

    And that is simply not true. I agree that genetic evolution is always happening, of course, but most of the differences in modern 'success' are about random luck and culture, not genetics.

    This is basically like saying that people who have always lived in the desert are sub-human because they haven't evolved the desire to enjoy learning 10 versions of the backstroke and have not evolved the desire to win olympic diving competitions.

    If you look at success in a different way, like evolving the ability to conserve energy and water under a broiling sun, then the swimmers are the clear losers. But the evolutionary strategy of the desert people will never make them dominant in a world that is 80% water.

    Saying that one of them is more human is stupid. Even traits like laziness or refusal to put effort into things that do not seem important (like schooling and test taking), might be extremely advantageous in the long run for certain populations. It doesn't make these people less of a modern human. They just don't do well when suddenly forced into a completely different society.

    Spot On!
    This should so to speak be bronzed and preserved!
    The Laws of Evolution apply to humans as well as every other living creature. Almost all readers of this blog know this. But for whatever reason we so easily forget it. WE forget that there was doubtless many desert dwellers in generations past who could not adapt. They and their line died off. But worse we make the assumption that this specialization in body and culture comes at no price in future adaptation to an different environment.
    The modern post- post-industrial state is a very demanding environment. And is in the main, the product of a successful adaption of one group of people.
    The belief that peoples from different cultures/environments can automatically successfully adapt to this demanding environment is to me a religious rather then a scientific belief. In today’s world of PC religiosity, there is a Tabla Rosa belief that one can change ones culture as easily as ones clothes. Human exceptionalism to Evolution Laws. I will perhaps discuss this on a future open thread

  • The New Yorker has a piece up, Same but Different: How epigenetics can blur the line between nature and nurture, which I think on the balance is pretty good. It introduces epigenetics to a broader audience in a manner that's more than just a catch-phrase, and, cautions that people shouldn't over-hype what is a legitimately...
  • Pot calls the kettle black?
    Darwin’s On the Origin of Species proposed natural selection as the main mechanism for development of species, but did not rule out a variant of Lamarckism as a supplementary mechanism.[11] Darwin called his Lamarckian hypothesis pangenesis, and explained it in the final chapter of his book The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication (1868), after describing numerous examples to demonstrate what he considered to be the inheritance of acquired characteristics. Pangenesis, which he emphasised was a hypothesis, was based on the idea that somatic cells would, in response to environmental stimulation (use and disuse), throw off ‘gemmules’ or ‘pangenes’ which travelled around the body (though not necessarily in the bloodstream). These pangenes were microscopic particles that supposedly contained information about the characteristics of their parent cell, and Darwin believed that they eventually accumulated in the germ cells where they could pass on to the next generation the newly acquired characteristics of the parents. Darwin’s half-cousin, Francis Galton, carried out experiments on rabbits, with Darwin’s cooperation, in which he transfused the blood of one variety of rabbit into another variety in the expectation that its offspring would show some characteristics of the first. They did not, and Galton declared that he had disproved Darwin’s hypothesis of pangenesis, but Darwin objected, in a letter to the scientific journal Nature, that he had done nothing of the sort, since he had never mentioned blood in his writings. He pointed out that he regarded pangenesis as occurring in Protozoa and plants, which have no blood. (wiki-Lamarckism)

  • I am travelling much of this week with the family. So expect me to be "off the grid" a bit. But I will check this thread every day or so.
  • @Twinkie

    but, i think the reality is that prolife ppl don’t believe fetus is a person in the same way they believe a post-birth child is a person, but can’t elucidate that.
     
    I am a part of the pro-life movement, and know many of the leaders in the movement well. I go to the March of Life every year despite my enormous aversion to crowds and D.C.

    Pro-life people DO think that a fetus is a baby, just a really young one that is being protected inside the mother's womb. Those sure are baby parts that are put into the trash or sold to researcher.

    The reason we go after providers and not the women is because the provider is the one wielding the scalpel (or the vacuum cleaner) and because women are often misled into thinking that what's inside them is not a baby (in that sense, yes, they are victims also). Sonograms are pretty effective at convincing them otherwise.

    I wonder if you feel that you do all of this from a religious conviction.
    If so do you think you duty ends in those all such painful Marches etc.?
    In my religiousity I feel that I am responsible for the consequences of my actions. If you also feel this way then I ask you what you have done about the babies life after birth or have you just “washed your hands” and said “I have done my part?”
    Have you for instance fostered or adopted an unwanted Black baby. Done anything to ensure that the laws of your state provide proper care of un-mothered children etc.
    A child’s life exists for nine months and 216 months thereafter. If you only care for the life of the child the first nine months how pro-life are you? How religious are you??
    A day now and then for a demonstration is a quick and easy to prove your religious commitment. But a true commitment say foster an unwanted life you insist be brought into this world is a day in day out life commitment. Does your religiosity go that deep?
    Consider the true depth of your commitment next time you march

    • Replies: @Twinkie

    If so do you think you duty ends in those all such painful Marches etc.?... or have you just “washed your hands” and said “I have done my part?”
     
    Not that I have to justify my charitable values to you, but my family and I are involved in several endeavors in this regard. We - all of us, including the little ones - volunteer at a shelter/support center for women and babies who need help as a consequence of choosing life over infanticide. We also give a considerable amount of our income AND wealth annually for related charities, including sponsoring Catholic orphanages. And my older children and I also help to build homes for the poor as a part of our parish group.

    Aside from the actual good achieved by such charity, I am of the view that, since my children are enormously blessed, they ought to learn something about noblesse oblige, and I indeed take great pains to ensure that they do so by example.

    Have you for instance fostered or adopted an unwanted Black baby... If you only care for the life of the child the first nine months how pro-life are you? How religious are you??
     
    I suspect, from your rambling and accusatory tone, that you are not genuinely interested in exhorting others to help the less fortunate, but are more interested in attempting to browbeat others into sharing your pro-abortion philosophy, which is murderous, and otherwise exerting your (self-) sense of moral superiority.

    It's certainly something to tell pro-life folks that they must all adopt black babies or shut up about it. Some would call it chutzpah. Others might call it depraved moral bankruptcy.
  • "Seek knowledge even in China" - Muhammad One out of five people in the world today are of the Han ethnicity. Colloquially known as Chinese. Like the West China has a long history, and its development can be traced, more or less, over the past 3,000 years. Because of the history of a system of...
  • You might want check out the Baiyue people

    “The Baiyue, Hundred Yue or Yue were various partly or un-Sinicized peoples who inhabited South China and northern Vietnam between the first millennium BC and the first millennium AD.[1][2] In the Warring States period, the word “Yue” referred to the State of Yue in Zhejiang. The later kingdoms of Minyue in Fujian and Nanyue in Guangdong are both considered Baiyue states. Although people of Yue had knowledge of agriculture and the technology of shipbuilding, Chinese writers depicted the Yue as barbarians who had tattoos, lived in primitive conditions, and lacked such technology as bows, arrows, horses and chariots.

    The Yue were assimilated or displaced as Chinese civilization expanded into southern China in the first half of the first millennium AD. Variations of the name are still used in both the name of Vietnam (Chinese: 越; Vietnamese: Việt) and the abbreviation for Guangdong ”
    Wiki “Baiyue”
    Also see map therein
    Are the minority groups tested representative of the Baiyue?
    Finally looking around even the contemporary world it is hard to find a conquered people who have not been sexually abused by the conquerors

  • You may know that there is a reproducibility crisis in psychology. Or is there? Wired and Slate both have pieces up reviewing the current debates on whether there is, or isn't, a crisis. Perhaps the media is biased, but the behavior and explanations who assert there isn't a crisis seems informative to me. From the...
  • (sorry, tapped publish by mistake)
    But I think Inzlicht’s answer is too reductionistic a procedure. Psychology needs its own methodology based on looking at the Mind. The old Introspectionists were on to something but were way ahead of themselves. Only with modern brain scanning equipment can mental activities actually be studied. It may be cumbersome and expensive for a while but verbal reports etc are not true proxies for how the mind works.

  • Thanks for the Inzlicht quote
    In that vein
    Warning from the Amer. Statistical Assn.
    http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-03/asa-asa030116.php
    “…”The p-value was never intended to be a substitute for scientific reasoning,” said Ron Wasserstein, the ASA’s executive director. “Well-reasoned statistical arguments contain much more than the value of a single number and whether that number exceeds an arbitrary threshold. The ASA statement is intended to steer research into a ‘post p<0.05 era.'"

    "Over time it appears the p-value has become a gatekeeper for whether work is publishable, at least in some fields," said Jessica Utts, ASA president. "This apparent editorial bias leads to the 'file-drawer effect,' in which research with statistically significant outcomes are much more likely to get published, while other work that might well be just as important scientifically is never seen in print. It also leads to practices called by such names as 'p-hacking' and 'data dredging' that emphasize the search for small p-values over other statistical and scientific reasoning…."

    Social Psychology is an agar medium for for projection of one's ideology. is too often little more then a Soapbox with, as the ASA suggests a pseudo-scientific veneer of dubious statistics. But as Inzlicht suggests the rest of Psychology is little better.
    But I think Inzlicht's answer is too reductionistic a

  • Van Jones was having a tantrum on TV. The former special advisor for green jobs to Barack Obama, and all-round politically privileged and successful African-American, was demanding that Donald Trump, forthwith, get “passionate” about the black community. Atone The Donald must for allegedly cozying up to the Klan. The dust-up was about David Duke, former...
  • I have a very simple answer for Trump’s behavior at the David Duke question. Simply put he had a brainfart
    “Brain Fart | Definition of Brain fart by Merriam-Webster
    http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/brain%20fart
    Merriam‑Webster
    Definition of brain fart. chiefly US informal. : a mental lapse : brain cramp < … she stumbled over remembering when Sam was born and even had a brief brain fart where she forgot his name. — Crushable, 26 Sept."

    That exactly mimics his behavior. He forgot who David Duke was. But the Media,left right or sensationalist does not allow celebrates to be human. To have brainfarts, make mistakes, contradict themselves.
    In this Unz is no better then the NYTimes.

  • In light of David Reich's interview I have been thinking about how genetics will shed light on many questions in the near future, and what my particular expectations are. The interview prompts me to collect some of my thoughts into one place, and outline a tentative thesis that I've been pointing to for the past...
  • @Razib Khan
    suggests that the War Between the Sexes goes back a long way. But that sex is maintained suggests an ecological balance between the sexes.

    this is a levels of selection discussion. intragenomic sex conflict not relevant usually to indivdiual => group level dynamics.


    It is unclear in my reading of your post if you believe that before the horse-enabled patriarchy that it was matriarchy all the way down.


    i don't believe there were ever matriarchal cultures in a symmetric manner with with patriarchal. there were matrifocal and matrinlineal cultures, and those where women and men were relatively egalitarian compared to the patriarch of 2000 BC.

    “this is a levels of selection discussion”
    One of my favorite cartoons is from Warren Miller of the New Yorker. It shows a Chinese crowd with a man on a raised platform with a large Gong. IIRC Caption reads “When I hit the gong everybody say goodbye Early Han Dynasty. Hello Later Han Dynasty.”
    It is not my understanding that in a the concept of Emergence the lower level disappears. But that while still a necessary it is no longer sufficient explanation. And if an earlier process is superseded a process to transcend it need be specified. It may be useful intellectually not to have to drag around the transcendence argument but…
    Jacques Monad got his Nobel for understanding the in the control of proteins a process of repression of an earlier process allows a higher level process to occur. I believe Monad suggested that this process could be traced up the ladder. That jibed for me as on a neurological level the same process is used by inhibitory circuits. Wolfgang Koehler a generation earlier suggested that Nature uses similar processes over and over on higher levels even though of course content changed. Monad’s progress by inhibition is one such process. I will not get a Nobel for suggesting that “sexual” division and recombination is another such great process.
    “i don’t believe there were ever matriarchal cultures in a symmetric manner with with patriarchal. there were matrifocal and matrinlineal cultures, and those where women and men were relatively egalitarian compared to the patriarch of 2000 BC.”
    Great! Tell me what evidence you have for this? Where? We know ancient Egypt. Was it egalitarian? There were probably female Pharaohs. But I suspect it was more the she has an “honorary he” A process common say in a daughters only Chinese family where the usually oldest daughter becomes a “Big Brother” And IIRC in a lower order perhaps fish where the death of a male leader the successor is a female who completely metamorphoses into a male.
    Is egalitarianism a stable state or a metastable state during transitions. Or perhaps lulls in environmental pressure. For me the strength of having two alternative modes of tribal governance is as advantages for Tribals in their environment as it is for yeast in its environment. Process is similar though content differs

    • Replies: @Razib Khan
    Tell me what evidence you have for this? Where? We know ancient Egypt.

    in india societies in the south have gone from being matrilineal to patrlineal with sanskritization. here's a list

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_matrilineal_or_matrilocal_societies

    (there is some suggestion in the records that picts were matrilineal too)

    make your comments less rambling and more coherent in the future or i won't publish them.
  • http://phys.org/news/2016-02-reveal-maternal-paternal-conflicts-genetic.html

    suggests that the War Between the Sexes goes back a long way. But that sex is maintained suggests an ecological balance between the sexes.
    Given that humans are a dimorphic species with rough child-care/ protection tasks. So that evolutionary pressure somewhat different evolutionary paths.
    It is unclear in my reading of your post if you believe that before the horse-enabled patriarchy that it was matriarchy all the way down.
    To me it would seem that in some environments a Matriarchal culture has advantage and sometimes advantage Patriarchy. Changing environment would produce oscillation.
    Perhaps we are in such a flip-flop right now.
    Don’t know how you see myths fitting into our psyche. But there was BC a cult Cybele/Magna Mater which was fairly widespread. She was attended only by women and priests who castrated themselves it is said in front of her image.
    The question Why Kardashian? might be explained by her Cybele Earth-motherly aspect. And the voluntary castration of her acolyte Jenning filling out the mythologic role

  • Everyone seems to have a "theory" of religion. About 20 years ago Rodney Stark and William Bainbridge published A Theory of Religion, which utilizes a "rational choice" framework, and engages in deduction to make some predictions. As it happens, I believe many of the predictions have not been born out exactly (to be precise, it...
  • @Razib Khan
    The essence of religion may be identifying with members of a symbolic group for reciprocal advantage

    that's the essence of religion. the essence of religion are supernatural intuitions. the group-level dynamics co-opt the intuitions. you need to be more concise and stop thinking out loud.

    [stop commenting on this blog. presumably you think you are brilliant, but i tend to think a lot of your comments are bullshitty and half the time i have no idea what you are trying to say. though perhaps you are a genius, you strike me as a pretentious and presumptuous fuck. good luck on that macarthur -Razib]

  • I wonder if the key term in your quote is “fairness” In that the Gods may be mean but do not play dice. I was reminded of the paper “Evolution of responses to (un)fairness” by Brosnan and de Waal. Which sees a need for fairness in Chimps.
    And perhaps more broadly “…for reciprocal altruism to evolve.. A mechanism for detecting ‘cheaters’ must exist” Wiki on Reciprocal Altruism
    Also I have been wondering about why large poly-national empires Ottoman, Austrian, Raj were able to maintain relative peace among the various groups. Who after “decolonization” had it on with each other. Was it only the strong police presence. Or was it that these distant provided a sense of evenhanded if rough justice. And as in Egypt, there was a merger of Ruler and God.
    And in the US it was perhaps this so-necessary sense of fairness is what allowed the great “melting pot” to evolve and maintain.
    Perhaps the “augmented fairness” of Affirmative Action has had the effect opposite to extending the melting pot.

  • Dear Mexican: Why do Mexicans applaud first-generation Mexicans that assimilate completely but criticize (and apply the term vendidos) first-generation Mexican-Americans (why is it that there is no real name for U.S. citizens in English forcing us to use the name of the continent? Someone should translate estadounidenses) for doing it? Take my case, for example....
  • Science marches on
    Or maybe You are who you are
    I am a tourist in Unz-land from Razib’s domain.
    There is in this column the sense that Mexican-Americans are racially homogeneous enough make generalizations.
    This seems not true
    https://www.ucsf.edu/news/2014/06/115251/mexican-genetics-study-reveals-huge-variation-ancestry
    is a study to improve treatment specially asthma to kids. They seem first time round to find enough treatment outcome differences to study genetic background more closely.
    “Among the results was the discovery of three distinct genetic clusters in different areas of Mexico, as well as clear remnants of ancient empires that cross seemingly remote geographical zones. In particular, the Seri people along the northern mainland coast of the Gulf of California and a Mayan people known as the Lacandon, near the Guatemalan border, are as genetically different from one another as Europeans are from Chinese.

    “We were surprised by the fact that this composition was also reflected in people with mixed ancestries from cosmopolitan areas,” said co-first author Moreno-Estrada, a life sciences research associate at Stanford. “Hidden among the European and African ancestry blocks, the indigenous genetic map resembles a geographic map of Mexico.”

    “Not only were we able to measure this diversity across the country, but we identified tremendous genetic diversity, with real disease implications based on where, precisely, your ancestors are from in Mexico.”

    Now it is a out-of-nowhere hypothesis that likelihood to assimilate has a genetic component. But the fact that a given population retained its shared genetics over thousands of years strongly suggests its ability to resist assimilation. So what is the mechanism?
    Any way genetics may have something to do with tendency to assimilate. Genetic testing today is as inexpensive as a Cruise. And it is certainly a trip in itself.

    Finally to show the stupidity of classification by language. A table labelled
    Prevalence of asthma in children in the U.S.

    shows for this problem the greatest difference in such prevalence in Peurto Rican and Mexican-Americans groups. Is asthma they only major genetic differences between these two “Latin” populations?

  • One of the weirder contradictions of contemporary dogma is the belief that race does not exist combined with the government's obsession with counting everybody by self-identified race. If race doesn't exist, you'd think that, say, the Obama Administration would be under a lot of pressure from its supporters to dump the racial/ethnic classification system. Strangely...
  • Decertifying the term “race” as a biologically construct, as recently promoted in the journal “Science” strikes me as word magic. That is not to say that word magic has no hold on the American psyche.
    Science having been stung by making distinctions by the word “race” have simply gone to use hard to argue with operational terms ; “Sub-Saharan Africans” and “Out of Africans. ”
    Changing over from “racial” to operational definition, using Sub-Saharan African instead of Black is today technically easy and not if government funded, too expensive.But, I suggest, with lots of real-world consequences.
    The term “Black” in America covers both pure SSA descendants as well as a goodly number of AMR. These would be put into a bind. Having to overtly label themselves AMR- self identified SSA, self – identified as AMR-AMR or as AMR-Eur could for some be unpleasent
    Whatwould the quota for Acedemy Award nominations look like? Could AMRs self identify? Could Spike Lee unilaterally claim all AMR’s. What would his SSA nomination pool look like without AMRs? Would Whites have to be genetically tested as well
    How would government be different if they used such operational definitions? Genetic testing before granting Affirmative Action? Genetic testing in IQ research? (If there is a real IQ difference between SSA/OoA, removing AMR from the “Black” count should increase the difference in scores over present Black/White data.

    BYW Do you know exactly how the non-Black groups got included into Affirmative Action? I was around then but not super-aware of politics. But my recollection was that it was not in the origibal concept of AA. But a throw-in for “Me-toos” during Congressional deliberation. Perhaps it eased the way for passage?

  • Jack Kerwick, who holds a doctorate in philosophy from Temple University and teaches at various colleges in the Philadelphia area, is a talented polemicist as well as learned academic. For those who want to sample the unleashed Jack Kerwick, I recommend his recent anthology The American Offensive, available in Kindle or paperback. Jack is a...
  • I think it is unwise to throw away the concept of “blackness” without taking a look at it,
    Kenneth Clark et.al. in arguing “Brown vs the Board of Education” to SCOTUS extended the “melting pot” notion embedded in the American psyche. That notion as far as I can see had about equality of opportunity. Differences in outcome (of success) were caused by differences in innate ability. That is the American experience provided equal Nurture and that difference in outcome were differences in Nature.
    Early in the 20th Century John Watson’s notion of Behavior seemed to strike a chord in that Society and was rapidly accepted. Behaviorism questioned a monolithic Nurture experience. Rather it was a variable that could be manipulated to manipulate outcome. Nature was almost irrelevant.
    Clark et.al. took the next step. They took the Behaviorism argument of if (we perform some Nurture activity) then (we get a certain outcome). And reversed it. Since we have a different outcome we can rightfully infer different Nurture activities. But to produce it as a Scientific Truth Clark et.al. had to kow-tow to the basic Scientific assumption. That all other things were held equal. To do that they had to axiom-ize the notion that Nature was not a variable. That All Men are created Genetically equal.
    So we have been stuck with this Bullshit assumption ever since as the kingpin of Affirmative Action.
    It seems that to hold on to a bullshit assumption other distortions have to become more elaborate. The Idea of a Platonic universe in the middle ages, for example had the unquestioned subsumption of planets rotating in perfect circles. When faced with observational data Platonists were forced to add movement in inner little circles or epicycles.
    Well the way Clark imagined the world would work has not happened. And those who still hold to his argument-call then Clarkists have had to increasing add epicycular distortions. Corporate Boards willing to hurt tier bottom line by passing over better qualified Blacks; dredging up and adapting a discredited Freudian notion of Unconscious Racism. And finally all the way back to basics to Old Persian Dualism of Good and Evil.
    The idea that Africans have the innate inheritance of Goodness and Whites the innate inheritance of Evil goes way back IIRC to Marcus Garvey and certainly to the Black Moslem movement. But it is now mainstream and part of the weird PC Catechism. We have switched from Reason to Religion
    But in-so-far as we can continue a discussion based on Reason these differnces violates the basic Clarkian axiom. It is no longer if there is are differences in innate inheritances but what they are.

  • When I was younger I used to follow politics somewhat closely. Every year I would read The Almanac of American Politics. With sites like Politico and Wikipedia there's really no point. Additionally, I gave up my interest in closely following politics at around the same time (or a little later) I stopped closely following professional...
  • So there is reparations from I guess the entire US polity to a specific subset of the polity (which now may need to be defined without the use of the concept of race)…….

    Then What?
    Thinking of this led me to the concept in Cultural Anthropology of Reciprocity . Not relying on my poor memory I went to Wiki and found this:

    Sahlins’ typology[edit]
    In these circumstances, reciprocal exchange can be divided in two types: dyadic back-and-forth exchange (reciprocity), and pooling (redistribution). Pooling is a system of reciprocities. It is a within group relationship, whereas reciprocity is a between relationship. Pooling establishes a centre, whereas reciprocity inevitably establishes two distinct parties with their own interests.[12] While the most basic form of pooling is that of food within the family, it is also the basis for sustained community efforts under a political leader.
    Reciprocity, in contrast, is a dyadic exchange covering a range of possibilities, depending on individual interests…” ( some possibilities are then discussed).

    The American idea of the “melting pot” which seems to go back to the 1780’s seems to have envisioned a within group where redistribution is the social norm. And it did work quite well.
    Having actively lived through it, I personally feel that MLK’s belief that the melting pot could be extended to Blacks had a reasonable chance of working albeit slowly.
    That is moot when Stokely Carmichael substituted the Separatist notion of Back Power. Which of course quickly spread and is the basis of current multiculturalism.
    I present this at length because according to Sahglin’s typology the nature of the exchange of these now two groups no longer has a rational for redistribution. But now demands a reciprocity.
    In so far as a Sahlin-type analysis is correct then we are in an anomalous meta-stable situation. Where pooling is still accepted by the non-black community in a relationship demands a dyadic exchange. If I understand correctly the fudge factor is that there is a dyadic exchange with the polity paying off a large debt previously incurred.
    I suggest that it is more then possible that a large reparation payment might indeed be seen by the polity as putting paid to the debt.
    If the debt is seen as paid, then could the concept of pooling be withdrawn from the black community in favor say of a separate set of books?
    The Indian Partition and the Yugoslav breakup-wars are just two reminders of the dangers of Multi-ethnic polities given permission to separate.
    jaro

  • America, as one wag put it, is a “post-constitutional” country. Even worse, a plurality of Americans has now turned, en masse, against the First Principles of its founding. The organizing principle that currently informs American thinking is statism. It’s the state über alles: its laws, and the foot soldiers that enforce hundreds of thousands of...
  • One of your heroes “The Best of America” was shot running from a roadblock.
    In checking him out it was found that he had foster kids- lots of them One year he collected >115K
    for showering his love on these kids. The money was channeled by Catholic Charities. But they weer a conduit for FEDERAL FUNDING.
    But think my dear what would a rancher do with a bunch of foster kids? Sower them with love or use them as free labor on his farm.
    Well his 15 minutes oest in America”f fame will insure that there is an investigation. So the truth will come out.
    If he was a child exploiter will you give us a “Mia Culpa” about him being the “Best in America” My America is about personal integrity which includes openly admitting mistakes. Is that your America?
    I somehow doubt it. There is another America. The America of jackels. The run in and steal whatever I can from the lion who has done the kill. Yup this includes welfare cheats and Union racketeers. But if you stop there you have only done half your job. There is the America where you hire real smart lawyers to find loopholes in tax laws. Or spend enough on campaigns to get laws in your favor past. Or see Federal land which rents for 3 cents on the private range owners dollar. Who then is owed the use of federal land. Or exploits the foster care system and collects government money and gets free child labor..
    Which America do you consider the Best. The America of Lions or of Jackels?

  • As one might expect, the piece that I co-authored with Brian Boutwell, Heritability and why Parents (but not Parenting) Matter, has stirred up some irritation and even anger. Part of this is simply due to the mildly hyperbolic nature of the title. Obviously on some level parents matter a great deal. What we were attempting...
  • I think your partition of human behavior into Culture/genes/parents is perhaps chronocentric. The Grundlagen of human behavior seems to me to have been within the hunter-gatherer “band” Rather then the individual, the band seems to be the basal survival unit. And discussions of behavior needs be based on this basal unit. . It was in this basal group that culture genes and parenting formed a single entity. And the slow forces of evolution had plenty of time to modify the genetic support for this “life style” Our “individualism” which we so prize is within this viewpoint rather disposable “pseudopods” Single men were and are the most surplus and disposable commodity
    In agricultural societies these bands were able to morph fairly stably into extended families and villages. Under the intense pressure of modern culture it seems we are being pushed into both smaller and larger groups.
    Personally as a psychotherapist my change of focus from the individual to the individual embedded within a larger family matrix made some strange behaviors more understandable and family “permission” greatly facilitated change in an individual’s behavior.
    A recentering of your viewpoint might be cognitively useful

    • Replies: @Razib Khan
    behavior genetics is individual-centric methodologically. if you want to talk about band-level dynamics, than some sort of multi-level selection theory handles that. the two are not mutually exclusive. in a modern liberal democratic society behavior genetics may be more relevant day-to-day. i have given a fair amount of time to a book that talked about group level dynamics (joe henrich's). but thank's for advising me! :-)
  • I did not of course sit through the President’s State Of The Union address. The human frame can only bear so much. My entire concession to journalistic due diligence was to Ctrl-F through the transcript next day to see how many times Obama said “That’s Not Who We Are.” Answer: Incredibly, he didn’t say it...
  • “The moving hand once having writ moves on. Nor all thy piety nor wit can lure it back to cancel half a line.”
    That part of the American public who you support had the skill sets needed to succeed in the days past.When Jocks were the Ideal Personality. Those skills are no longer successful in this massively interconnected world. Its a Nerd’s world today
    Trump is a Jock. But has neither the piety or wit to cancel even half a line of way the world progresses. You guys are waiting for the Buffalo to return.
    The guys in Oregon are nothing but pathetic.
    Neither Hand guns or Long guns can cancel that half a line. Nor opiates or meth cover the awful truth of joining African Americans and Native Americans in being swept to the margins of our Society. By the moving hand

  • Jack Kerwick, who holds a doctorate in philosophy from Temple University and teaches at various colleges in the Philadelphia area, is a talented polemicist as well as learned academic. For those who want to sample the unleashed Jack Kerwick, I recommend his recent anthology The American Offensive, available in Kindle or paperback. Jack is a...
  • This post is Obama hardly a column. Not even a blog. It is a rant. Within the rant there are three themes that are interwoven.
    1. An attempt to getr into the head Obama. A bright fucked-up kid who tried without much social support to bridge the gaps between his two heritages. I personally believe that his hook-up with his wife, who was comfortable within her heritage he found acceptance. Since the Black community accepts hybrids in a way that main stream white community does not.
    Sure he brought his own shit into the Presidency. But unlike any president since Truman, he had an awareness of this and has tried to transcend it.
    Compare this with Bush-baby who used the military force of the US to avenge the attempted assassination of Bush Sr.
    2. reference to hybidization of the races. A dim understanding of two competing biological urges. First the “selfish-gene” urge to maintain ones own heritage. Second and urge to hybridize to gain genetic diversity. This second is known as sex.
    3. And most interesting to me is an awareness that Blackness exists. There is a black culture which is independent of white culture. The black experience is like a Sci-Fi story. Random people were picked up by aliens and transported to technologically advanced society. Where they were enslaved and used for menial labor. Suddenly another society came, freed them and then left them. They have spent the last 100+ plus years trying to form a coherent culture based on preserved knowledge and parts of the dominant culture. Black culture has firmed up. Now we the dominants are faced with interacting with a coherent somewhat alien embedded culture.
    art of the US to call their own
    There are no good answers. Our time to make things nice was at Reconstruction. And we blew it.
    What we can do my list
    We respect each other and live side by side
    We can pretend there are no differences
    We can have the good old answer of forced assimilation Kill all the men hybridize all the women by rape.
    Relocate them to a “reservation” somewhere in the Old South.
    Relocate them to Africa with a pension

  • America, as one wag put it, is a “post-constitutional” country. Even worse, a plurality of Americans has now turned, en masse, against the First Principles of its founding. The organizing principle that currently informs American thinking is statism. It’s the state über alles: its laws, and the foot soldiers that enforce hundreds of thousands of...
  • I had posed earlier on how the ranchers out west get to suck on the big teat in the sky. Big time sucking.
    Found us article detailing some of that sweet gov’t subsidy milk these “he man” ranchers receive that us folk in bigger states don’t get our Congress critters to sneak into legislation.

    “7 kinds of government subsidies those angry ranchers get that you don’t”
    http://grist.org/article/7-kinds-of-government-subsidies-those-angry-ranchers-get-that-you-dont/?utm_source=syndication&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=feedgrist
    There are true Libertarians and “BigTeat” Libertarians. Like the Koch Bros.The ones who want rid of the govt laws which cost them coin. Perhaps less concerned perhaps with carrying their own weight then twisting the laws and IRS special rules etc for their own advantage
    Ms. Mercer would you like to justify the laws giving ranchers these special subsidies?
    Boy wouldn’t small business owners in hurricane hit communities like the special and quick disaster relief that ranchers and farmers get?
    Wouldn’t small business owners like a 93% subsidy on land rental?
    Ranchers have some unequal Washington clout Like hungry calves they want to suck on the Big Teat. And push away the other calves to have that sweet milk all to themselves.
    One of the inequalities the Founding Fathers had to accept is that voters in the small population states have much more proportional weight in the Senate then those of us in more populous states. And so farmers and ranchers have much more of a chance to get special interest legislation passed. These special subsidies ranchers receive are the children of this Constitutional glitch
    http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/08/americas-fiscal-union presents some clear figures on which states receive the greatest transfer payments. That is most Federal subsidy.
    Now these transfer payments arise in Congress. Check out which states have Libertarians who are “Big-Teat” Libertarians. Do any of them call for cuts in transfer payments to their state???

  • So Taylor Swift looks scary to Koreans? A couple of the guys seem to have been unaware that Beyonce Knowles is black (one of them commented on being ambivalent about her dark tan, only to be surprised when told that that wasn't a tan, that she's black). I'm done with Joe Henrich's The Secret of...
  • So are the Korean kids wrong about Beyonce?
    Am I alone in thinking that the majority of her genetic heritige is European? And that a naive observer like the Korean kids would assume she was white? Can any body call themselves white or black as the mood fits them? IIRC early on some Federal employees decided to check the box “I am Afro-American to gain advantage at promotion. The courts ruled against them. Is there then a legally defined manner of proving you are Afro-American
    Bruce Jenner can say he is a woman and IIRC can now without hindrance use a Woman’s bathroom.
    Can some voyeur claim to be transgender go into that bathroom and get to gawk? Or will some special ID card be issued?
    Based on what criteria?
    Is it only the Coney Island of the Mind that is 2016 America that we can define or redefine ourselves at will? A Cosplay society?
    .The Korean kids were not wrong

    The Korean kids weren’t weird or misinformed

    • Replies: @Razib Khan
    beyonce's mother is a light-skinned mixed-race creole whose ancestry does look to be mostly white. her father is a more conventional african american. i think she's probably 50:50, though her features look more european than african. in any case, non-americans not attuned to social norms of racial categorization so they make naive (and sometimes more commonsense) inferences. e.g., i read an article about 10 years ago where a journalist living in russia was shocked to observe that the local media assumed that jason kidd was a white basketball player.
  • A friend of mine, a man-in-tech of eminently WASP background of moderately liberal orientation in case you care, has been bemoaning the downstream consequences of the floundering of Marissa Mayer of Yahoo!, the confused direction of 23andMe under Anne Wojcicki, and finally, there is Elizabeth Holmes and Theranos. These are three separate cases. I don't...
  • Return of need for “Culture” as a vital variable.
    Looking at the Wiki definition of “Culture” it is almost laughable to see how the author(s) dance around the need to explain how cultures are long maintained. Without referring to the (forbidden) notion of a genetic underpinning. The co-evolution of genes and culture is impossible within the PC mindset. Culture thus becomes more ephemeral. The basis of the landmark “Brown vs Board of Education” made the Behaviorist Nuture-only hypothesis the law of the land. Thus at once eliminating the longitude component of Culture.
    The writ of our Supreme Court did not extend to Europe. Culture there still seems an important variable. And so the ability to attatch certain behaviors to different ethnic groups.
    from the Guardian on the German NYE assaults:
    “Andreas Scheuer of the Christian Social Union, the Bavarian sister party of Angela Merkel’s conservative CDU, accused the media of exercising too much caution and forming a “cartel of silence”.

    “I appeal to everyone that we report with clarity and truth,” he told the German broadcaster Deutschlandfunk. He said at a time when people were concerned about the future of German society, after so many refugee arrivals, that it was wrong to “pussy-foot around with the truth” rather than “reflect reality”.

    Kristina Schröder, a former family minister from the CDU, said it was high time for Germany to deal with the cultural differences. “For a long time it was taboo, but we must grapple with masculinity norms that legitimise violence in Muslim culture,” she tweeted.”

    Adopting a more European approach to the American ethnic clashes allows one the opportunity to see what we label as “Racial” differences are actually differences in African based and Northern European cultures. Specifically, perhaps one can reframe our understanding of the confrontations underlying the “Black Lives Matter” movement as differences in the way Kristina Schroeder discusses. As there being differences in the masculinity norms contained within Afro-American culture.
    Culture seems to imply a relatively successful adaptation to the environment of a certain time and place. Radical changes in the environment over time or relocation can make strong commitment to one’s culture a bar to adaptation and thus severely detrimental.
    The current Oregon standoff is another example of Multicultural strife in America The roots of which are so nicely outlined in “Albion’s Seed” A wonderful source-book in the actual longevity of cultures embedded in the American matrix.

  • Several years ago I read a book, The Origins of the Irish, by the famed archaeologist J. P. Mallory. Unfortunately, I remember very little of this work, and recall thinking that it was published just a bit too early, as archaeogenetics was clearly going to revolutionize our understanding of the prehistory of Northern Europe, though...
  • @syonredux
    RE: untangling actual historical events and personages from myth and legend,

    Obviously, it's pretty damn tough. In most cases (THE ILIAD, the Pentateuch, etc), we simply lack the proper controls (literary sources written down at a time reasonably close to the events in question). Hence, we have to rely on a combination of archaeology plus intuition.Was a city sacked at roughly the proper time? Does a given individual appear to be based on a real person?

    The SONG OF THE NIBELUNGS, though, is a much easier job. It quite clearly grows out of accounts of the Fall of the Kingdom of the Bergundians in AD 436 and the death of Attila after his marriage to the Germanic princess Ildikó in AD 453.Note, though, how the narrative scrambles the actual chronology for the sake of a good story.In The Nibelungenleid Kriemhild (the Ildikó-figure) marries Attila before the Fall of the Burgundians, and Flavius Aetius (the Roman who actually was responsible for the destruction of the Burgundian Kingdom) is nowhere to be seen.And Dietrich of Bern (aka Theodoric the Great) is inserted into the tale, despite the fact that Dietrich/Theodoric was born after Attila’s death ( Theodoric: 454 – August 30, 526)

    As for Siegfried, the narrative’s central hero, he is obviously pure myth. Someone simply decided to insert this legendary dragon-slayer into the story of the Nibelungs because it seemed like a good idea.


    As this shows, epics are stories, not histories.And story-tellers are interested in what makes a good story.So, take a real event (the fall of the Burgundians) and then toss in whatever will add spice to the tale: Attila! Siegfried! Dragons! People (e.g., Theodoric) who weren't even alive yet! etc, etc,.

    “As this shows, epics are stories, not histories.And story-tellers are interested in what makes a good story.So, take a real event (the fall of the Burgundians) and then toss in whatever will add spice to the tale: Attila! Siegfried! Dragons! People (e.g., Theodoric) who weren’t even alive yet! etc, etc,”

    I actually believe that the desire to have a correct read of one’s genealogy is not trivial. That Razib, a man of man possibilities, puts so much time and effort into this search seems to back this up. For whatever reason you seem not to want to extend the importance of the quest to those of earlier times. To present data you deem correct and then expect that those earlier had equal access to that knowledge but chose not to use it seems, at best to be knavish. Your possible superior knowledge has to do with the improvements of the data base others have made in the interim. Not better reasoning ability or motivation today.
    Razib, above, presents a difference in interpretation of certain facts in from those presented in the paper. He does not however accuse them of distortion to make a better story. Something you seem to be happy doing.
    Good teachers do know how to present material in a way that keeps their audiences interest. But without altering the core of the material presented. That seems the case here.

    • Replies: @syonredux

    I actually believe that the desire to have a correct read of one’s genealogy is not trivial. That Razib, a man of man possibilities, puts so much time and effort into this search seems to back this up. For whatever reason you seem not to want to extend the importance of the quest to those of earlier times.
     
    Actually, I'm quite interested in attempts to use modern gene-typing as a way to map human population movements, etc.

    I'm simply noting that legendary material has to be used with great caution. That's why I used the example of The Nibelungenlied. Here we can see how the mind of the story-teller interacts with genuine historical tradition.
  • Donald Trump strode into the gaudy Venetian, in Las Vegas, for the CNN-Facebook Republican presidential debate, with a primary lead for the history books. As Weekly Standard put it, “Trump's lead over his primary opponents is larger than both Ronald Reagan's was in the 1980 race, and George H. W Bush's was in the 1988...
  • @Realist
    "GOP Debate: America-First Alliance Emerges; Neoconservatives Neutralized"

    They won't stay neutralized. They have lots of money and are deeply embedded in our government.

    Why do you ignore the fact that all neoconservatives are Jewish?

    Dick Cheney is Jewish?
    Did you actually check to see if he is circumcised?

    • Replies: @Realist
    Are you so stupid that you do not know what neocon means??? Neo means new. Con is short for conservative. Dick Cheney has always been a conservative. Circumcision does not prove Jewishness. The fact that most pundits use the term erroneously does not change it true meaning. A more accurate term would be warmonger.
  • Would you be willing to defend your country against a foreign invasion? That’s all Putin is doing in Syria. He’s just preempting the tidal wave of jihadis that’ll be coming his way once the current fracas is over. He figures it’s better to exterminate these US-backed maniacs in Syria now than face them in Chechnya,...
  • An Ode to Thuggey
    As a document of a free association of the Authors power fantasies this column has some interest. As an intellectual column not so much. It would seem that the author idolizes Mr. Putin. Why he chooses to idolize a KGB thug is his own business. But this offering has all the earmarks of a fantasy. Lack of contact with reality. Aggrandizement of the idealized object.Etc.
    Game of Thrones is a good example of such fantasy. This column not so much.

    Any attempt to discuss this as a work of rational thought would be in vain.

    Can we soon expect a future column praising Kim Jong-un?

  • Finished Meditations. Important to remember that a man I admire to some extent could note that it was meritorious that he did not focus excessively on natural science, when that is to a large extent my raison d'etre. Now reading Stanislas Dehaene's Consciousness and the Brain: Deciphering How the Brain Codes Our Thoughts. This is...
  • @RCB
    Re: "fascist blondes who ruled the social scene during my youth",
    "The word Fascism has now no meaning except in so far as it signifies 'something not desirable.'"
    -Orwell

    Re: Re: “fascist blondes who ruled the social scene during my youth”,
    I believe “Fascist” refers to those who openly satisfy their power needs openly in aggrandizing their own name. As opposed in the 20th Century by left totalitarians who use the figleaf of covering thier power under some noble banner. ISIS is a such a fig leaf totalitarianism. As is political correctness.
    But the central point is missed.There are a few websites where amateur authors post. One frequent theme is playing out High School fantasies. An overwhelming number of these stories describe a school where Football players are given free rein to bully other students. And protests are unheeded by the local power structure. Their counterpart are the Cheer Leaders who are allowed equal free rein in the exercise of personal power. There certainly seems to be truth to the Fascist Blond statement.
    Football rather then Academics seem to be the guiding principle in High Schools in the Fly-Over states.And Democracy is taught in one boring class. And the Fascist mentality which this system fosters, is one repressed part of the American Consciousness. It has now emerged for all to see in the Republican school-yard level “debates” where exercise of raw power is the norm.

    • Replies: @notanon

    There are a few websites where amateur authors post. One frequent theme is playing out High School fantasies. An overwhelming number of these stories describe a school where Football players are given free rein to bully other students. And protests are unheeded by the local power structure. Their counterpart are the Cheer Leaders who are allowed equal free rein in the exercise of personal power. There certainly seems to be truth to the Fascist Blond statement.
     
    Only if the writers are Fascist Blondes and not people who have sub-dom fantasies about being dominated by Fascist Blondes - Camille Paglia excluded of course.
    , @RCB
    More Orwell:

    "even the people who recklessly fling the word ‘Fascist’ in every direction attach at any rate an emotional significance to it. By ‘Fascism’ they mean, roughly speaking, something cruel, unscrupulous, arrogant, obscurantist, anti-liberal and anti-working-class. Except for the relatively small number of Fascist sympathizers, almost any English person would accept ‘bully’ as a synonym for ‘Fascist’. That is about as near to a definition as this much-abused word has come."

    http://orwell.ru/library/articles/As_I_Please/english/efasc

    Using bully as a synonym makes a lot of sense in this context. "Bully blondes" is pretty clearly what the author meant, unless some weird shit was going on in her high school.
    , @j mct
    Per the real definition of fascism, as how people who use the word today do so, I guess now if we had to make a list of 'stuff aeolius does not like' we'd know what to put on it.
  • Mrs Merkel said that those refugees who are allowed to stay in Germany would have to integrate.

    “Whoever seeks refuge with us, must respect our laws and traditions and must learn German,” she said. “Multiculturalism creates parallel societies, multiculturalism is a lie,” she said.
    Telegraph

    There seems tpo be great value in viewing the current White/Black as a result of us leaving the “melting pot” which insisted on cultural integration, to the current “multi-cultural” mish-mosh of today. We have allowed, encouraged exactly the parallel societies Merkel warns against.
    There is an opinion column in NYTimes today by Frank Bruni.The Lie About College Diversity which correctly questions the reality of actual diversity on campus. Bruni realizes that college “diversity” is in fact a series of those parallel societies.That and the questions in the SOCTUS rehearing of UT admission policies gives hope that finally real world gives the lie to the benefits of multiculturalism.

  • A friend sent me a link to this long piece in The New Republic, What's a species anyways?. Its subtitle is "The search for the red wolf's origins have led scientists a new theory about how evolution actually works." This is wrong. In fact, the article itself admits that there's nothing revolutionary here. You just...
  • @ohwilleke
    So how do you measure how useful a concept a social construct category, like biological species, or the concept you are shadowboxing with in this post, race, is?

    One really powerful measure is intersubjective consistency of classification. If almost everyone, or at least, almost every who has a shared training in the taxonomy system, can consistently describe the same set of fact the same way, and the gray area of cases upon which there is disagreement between classifiers is comparatively small, then the socially constructed taxonomy is likely to be useful for some purposes. This tends to be true in the case of biological species and in race.

    In contrast, when a socially constructed taxonomy does not get applied in an intersubjectively consistent way even by people with special training in applying the taxonomy (e.g. in the case of diagnosis of DSM-5 conditions), the taxonomy may be much less useful.

    ohwilleke

    Nicely put. Scientists forget how much we are dependent on the lore of a science. In identifying a specimen, looking at a soft-tissue scan, the output of an atom-smasher or a dream, to achieve the of reliability level you suggest has usefulness takes a long period of training. But it is every so easy to confuse reliability of understanding a data set and validity of a data set.en the best of us
    Even the best of us chomp at the bit to go beyond the data.
    “In psychology, a dual process theory provides an account of how a phenomenon can occur in two different ways, or as a result of two different processes…
    “The dual-process accounts of reasoning posits that there are two systems or minds in one brain. The theory of two distinct kinds of reasoning has been around for as long as documentations about theories of reasoning go. The current theory is that there are two distinctively separate cognitive systems underlying thinking and reasoning and that these different systems were developed through evolution.
    “According to Charles Brainerd and Valerie Reyna’s Fuzzy-trace theory of memory and reasoning, people have two memory representations: verbatim and gist. Verbatim is memory for surface information (e.g.-the words in this sentence) whereas gist is memory for semantic information (e.g.-the meaning of this sentence). This dual process theory posits that we encode, store, retrieve, and forget the information in these two traces of memory separately and completely independent of each other.”
    Wiki Dual Process Theory.

    If I understand it, gist is the evolutionary older process. It takes what information is needed to maximize the outcome of an action. If supports immediate gratification. Verbatim is the ability to delay immediate gratification and notice store (and perhaps carefully catalog) sensory data.
    (I actually like the older medieval division between higher and lower man but will use F-T theory neutral terminology)

    In Disney’s Fantasia one segment is Mickey Mouse as Sorcerer’s Apprentice. Gist-driven Mickey misuses some of the Verbatim driven Socerer’s knowledge to his ultimate dismay.
    (It would go too far afield to show how taxonomy can easily be misconstrued by the power in the gist world given to knowing the name of something see Genesis 2:20)

    If I understand Razib’s intent it is to present actual Mickey Mouse behavior by the Federal Agent.
    Were it an isolated incident it would be amusing.
    but verbatim-Intellectualism is verboten in the new frightening PC levelling. Especially where it joins the anti-Intellectualism of Populism.
    It seems that our consumption driven society, Impulse is king. Gist behavior is mandatory. Verbatim thinking is in the way. Where Ego is shall Id be.
    “testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.”

  • The banana is in the news again. You won't be surprised about the topic if you read Dan Koeppel's Banana: The Fate of the Fruit That Changed the World. As you may already know, the banana that we eat today was resistant the Panama disease which took out Gros Michel variety, which was the dominant...
  • Saudi Arabia is no more our ally then China is. Both of them have exploited our covetousness. Both used it to gain wealth which which to oppose us. In order for us to have cheap goods we built up the Chinese economy. Now they use that wealth to build up a military to challenge us in the Pacific.
    The House of Saud is intimately connected with the Wahhabi doctrine. Saudi funds were used to build Wahhabi schools teaching throughout the Islamic world.. Which teaching has formed the groundwork for this most conservative Islamic doctrine to take hold. It is the basis for ISIS and AQ.
    The answer to the Saudi problem is to treat them as our enemy. Which is what they are. But this would result in higher gas prices. So it will never happen in the US. We choose the mess of pottage each and every time.

    • Replies: @Razib Khan
    Saudi Arabia is no more our ally then China is.

    the house of saud is our ally. they play a dangerous game, but these people are total hypocrites. the alliance with the wahhabis is real, but they clamp down on them when they get out of line

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ikhwan_Revolt

    of course, part of it is that the saudi elite pays off western elites to curry favor and goodwill.
  • A few days ago, I had the honor of sitting at a dinner gathering across the table from James Watson, the world’s greatest living geneticist, joint winner of theNobel Prize for discovering the structure of the DNA molecule. It was a private gathering so I’m not offering any specifics. But I can report that Dr....
  • @annamaria
    "Rosalind Franklin' research was in a direction they had missed - without her work they would have continued along the wrong path. She was betrayed by her colleague [Wilkins] and conveniently forgotten by Watson and Crick (who knew exactly where the X-Ray photographs had come from). It's one of the most shameful instances of plagiarism in the history of science."
    "...Wilkins went looking for company at "the Cavendish" laboratory in Cambridge where his friend Francis Crick was working with James Watson on building a model of the DNA molecule. Unknown to Franklin, Watson and Crick saw some of her unpublished data, including the beautiful "photo 51," shown to Watson by Wilkins. This X-ray diffraction picture of a DNA molecule was Watson's inspiration (the pattern was clearly a helix). Using Franklin's photograph and their own data, Watson and Crick created their famous DNA model. Franklin's contribution was not acknowledged, but after her death Crick said that her contribution had been critical."
    http://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/rosalind-franklin-a-crucial-contribution-6538012
    You are welcome.

    The simple matter of fact is that Rosalind Franklin was an excellent technician. Yes RF produced the famous photo 51. But she did not see the value of what she had produced. Crick and Watson did.
    It has been years since I have read the Double Helix stuff. But I am sure that there were many other prior studies used in the discovery. Certainly her work gave them an answer. But it was they and not her who were asking the correct questions.
    It was they not Franklin who were able to fit the pieces together to gain their wonderful insight. The Franklin boosters imply that without her work the correct structure would not have been found. This is an unfounded mental masturbation fantasy.
    Why do you not mention some of the other studies s it because they were done by men?
    The whole attempt to boost Franklin as being on a par with Watson and Crick is rather pathetic. It is a perversion of the Scientific Process to further a politic agenda.
    They have been many women who have made exciting scientific discoveries. Franklin just is not one of these. She produced a technically proficient photo.

    • Replies: @annamaria
    "The simple matter of fact is that Rosalind Franklin was an excellent technician. Yes RF produced the famous photo 51. But she did not see the value of what she had produced. Crick and Watson did."

    But the factual data and the opinion of the experts is not in agreement with your statement: "Working with a student, Raymond Gosling, Franklin was able to get two sets of high-resolution photos of crystallized DNA fibers...From this she deduced the basic dimensions of DNA strands, and that the phosphates were on the outside of what was probably a helical structure. She presented her data at a lecture in King's College at which James Watson was in attendance" 15 months before the latter and two other gentlemen made their conclusions on the helical structure of the DNA. ... Franklin was responsible for much of the research and discovery work that led to the understanding of the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA. ... Of the four DNA researchers, only Rosalind Franklin had any degrees in chemistry. "

    My response was specifically on the "luster "that Watson had supposedly added to the Nobel Prize, not on the specifics of the research in the DNA structure. As for your condescending statement on "pathetic perversion of Scientific Process," I firmly believe that some people are born smarter than others; this believe is based on empirical research and, as you can read, it is gender-blind.

    [Franklin] "and Wilkins led separate research groups and had separate projects, although both were concerned with DNA. When Randall gave Franklin responsibility for her DNA project, no one had worked on it for months. Wilkins was away at the time, and when he returned he misunderstood her role, behaving as though she were a technical assistant. Both scientists were actually peers. His mistake, acknowledged but never overcome, was not surprising given the climate for women at the university then. Only males were allowed in the university dining rooms, and after hours Franklin's colleagues went to men-only pubs."

    "According to Watson [and Crick], photo 51 provided the vital clue to the double helix... What Watson and Crick needed was far more than the idea of a helix – they needed precise observations from X-ray crystallography. Those numbers were unwittingly provided by Franklin herself, included in a brief informal report that was given to Max Perutz of Cambridge University. Ironically, the data provided by Franklin to the MRC were virtually identical to those she presented at a small seminar in King’s in autumn 1951, when Jim Watson was in the audience."
    http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/jun/23/sexism-in-science-did-watson-and-crick-really-steal-rosalind-franklins-data
    , @Rdm
    Really? Jesus Fking Christ.

    Aside from Jim Watson rather controversial comment on Africa, what major contribution Watson made to the scientific discovery?

    Double Helix DNA structure?

    The guy is just a pure luck, didn't get along with his previous lab, and for the love of god, happened to come across a bright Francis Crick in England. Otherwise, Watson will be smoking weed after booted out from tenure track with his track record of trashing all of his colleagues.

    Watson was held in high regard just solely for his Nobel Prize. The rest of his scientific contributions are just a mere reflection of his Nobel Prize halo.

    Franklin just is not one of these. She produced a technically proficient photo.
     
    It's like saying, I'm just producing genetically competent sperms, but I'm not responsible for any progeny that might have come from my sperms.
  • Over Thanksgiving I tried Marie Sharp's Habanero Pepper Sauce. It is apparently from Belize. Highly recommended. It's a genuine habanero sauce, in that it actually is spicy. The additives don't overwhelm the habanero flavor and impact. I would say it is very mildly on the sweet rather than vinegar side, but the other flavors don't...
  • @Razib Khan
    i agree. especially with asian american many of us are not raised in subcultures because we aren't numerous in many areas of the country. so we assimilate as a matter of necessity.

    “i agree. especially with asian american many of us are not raised in subcultures because we aren’t numerous in many areas of the country. so we assimilate as a matter of necessity.”
    This statement,has, to my eye, an implicit theory of assimilation. Based perhaps on the proximity or not of those of your culture. But are those who allow thmselves to be a minority in an alien culture chosen by chance? Or is there an underlying genetic variable along a flexibility/rigidity axis. What other variables are import in assimilating. And in accepting others to assimilate into your group or polity.
    Once we acknowledge that culture and genes co-evolve we have to also acknowledge that any multi-society is an eco-system. And that an ecological understanding as a valuable and necessary tool in conflict resolution.
    Jean Piaget long ago used the biological concepts of assimilation and accommodation to understand how smaller autonomous cognitive activities learn to”cooperate” and act in a unified manner. An ecology of the mind.
    This seems a valuable way of looking at the ecology of our society.

    • Replies: @Razib Khan
    But are those who allow thmselves to be a minority in an alien culture chosen by chance?

    the past 10,000 years exhibit LOTS of massive admixture across diverged lineages. e.g., the japanese are now notionally very homogeneous, but are clear mixes between very different groups within last 2,000 years.

    i don't understand the rest of your comment, but are you talking about anything lumsden and wilson didn't talk about?
  • The specter, on the nation’s campuses, of frightened, middle-aged white educators, mostly men, resigning in fear of a mob rising in rage against hurtful words and gestures—all constitutionally protected speech—is an organic extension of the American educational project, down to your child’s school. If your kids are in the country’s educational gulag—primary, secondary or tertiary—however...
  • I recommend reading an analysis of how mobbing of a speech impaired nerdy student ended up in a campus massacre. What was true in 2005 is magnified today.

    http://www.kwesthues.com/vtmassacre.htm

    I think the term “mobbing” is exactly correct in describing what is accepted as good academic practice today I see the roots of this mobbing in the Clarence Thomas confirmation hearing. . Where the rather nerdy and IIRC recently divorced Thomas was mobbed for making a rather pathetic pass at an assistant. That Anita Hill became successful is undoubted. How much she deserved it and how much was a result of the hearing I cannot judge.

    Reading an older text I saw reference to the Seven Deadly sins. It occurred to me that our economic system built on continuous consumerism now praises each of the deadly sins in the advertising needed to promote this consumerism. Check it out I did. Watch TV Ads and have a list of the seven Deadly Sins. Keep score as these behaviors are used as motivators to spend.
    And in the group-think that is behind mob-action Individualism is an impediment to consumer society. Individualism is the enemy. Mob rule is at hand.
    And what rough beast, its hour come round at last,
    Slouches towards Bethlehem to be born?

  • I'm a race realist. What does that mean? It means I don’t doubt that race is a real and important thing; more than that, it’sfundamental to biology. The foundational text of modern biology is Charles Darwin’s book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, subtitle: “The Preservation of Favored Races in the...
  • Thank you for this fine column about the triumph of belief. The PC crowd are intellectual peers with the Evangelical anti-Evolutionists. That the Darwinian rules of Evolution are either plum wrong. Or simply just don’t apply to humans. The stupid medieval notion that there is the lesser, biological man with the ability to also have free will to transcend the lower man is just to much hard work. Therefore we now believe that all problems are the result of culture. And this can rectified by social engineering. PC is based upon this belief. As was Marxism (Remember Stalin fostered the belief in a Lemarkian biology).
    But Darwinists have believed that Culture is an evolutionary environment. Which as what you are really referring to to.
    Let me put these together in an addition to your thesis.
    BLACKS HAVE THEIR OWN CULTURE TAKEN WITH THEM FROM AFRICA. From what I observe, many Afro-Americans are very happy within their own culture. Unfortunately that culture is not that well oriented so as to be able to have its members succeed in the current economic culture. Nor are Native Americans cut off from the main stream of Eurasian evolution some 20K years ago. No according to the recent Deaton/Case study, are a certain group of White Males.

    But Mr. Derbyshire, there is the flip side of your anti-PC argument.
    What do you want to do with these genetically “left-behind” groups. The age-old answer was to kill all the men and impregnate all the women. As it now seems the waves of migrations into Europe left little traces of earlier populations so Europeans invaders did this This was done in Eurasia, in the Bantu expansion and the New World.
    Shall we revert from Christianity and have a final solution?
    Do you want to set up Reservations for African Americans and now poor whites
    ( allowing conquered folk to live at the margins).
    One child policy plus a little for those “more equal”? Etc.
    Distopian Si-Fi writers have pondered many such scenarios. Obviously this is no longer Sci-Fi.
    If not PC then what Mr. Derbyshire?

  • Trailed by two Chinese warships, the guided-missile destroyer USS Lassen sailed inside the 12-nautical-mile limit of Subi Reef, a man-made island China claims as her national territory. Beijing protested. Says China: Subi Reef and the Spratly Island chain, in a South China Sea that carries half of the world's seaborne trade, are as much ours...
  • Pat
    While I would love to agree with you that the way to stop Chinese expansionism is economically, it is too late to do that directly now.
    We have sold our birthright fr a mess of potage. There is no one party to blame. We all did it. We became a nation of thoughtless consumers. We allowed our in. We enjoyed an orgy of industry to go offshore to cheap wage China. Our unending appetite for bigger and better toys was willingly fed by China. They got to become a powerful economy supplying us those toys.
    Now we are not an economic position to cut ourselves off from Chinese factories.
    And still no one is talking much about this.
    When was there any rational political discussion about China policy. Of the need to bring vital industry onshore with a concentrated economic policy to begin to regain industrial independence.
    Can you see any of those fools, who amused us at the last GOP debate, come up with a viable policy to improve this situation. Which would involve raising taxes, improving infrastructure etc.
    We could turn ourselves around in a generation if we gave up our love of immediate satisfaction. But we won’t.

  • Humans differ in paternal investment—the degree to which fathers help mothers care for their offspring. They differ in this way between individuals, between populations, and between stages of cultural evolution. During the earliest stage, when all humans were hunter-gatherers, men invested more in their offspring with increasing distance from the equator. Longer, colder winters made...
  • So then is it true that when women economically can no longer hoe standing up they must then “hoe” on their backs?
    Seriously, Is America now swinging back to where women can be economically self-viable? And so the rise of feminist political correctness with its devaluation of men is following an ancient path?

  • It seems few understand regression to the mean and how and why it works. Most people (and by most people, I mean most scholars – i.e., the people who should know better) have a vague understanding that it has something to do with IQ. They seem to have the impression it means that the children...
  • Sorry but that is not all you need to know. Science marches on.
    Want to be up to date? Check out Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. (Easily done on Wiki. More intellectually honest checking out references).
    Basically Lemark was at least a little correct. Responses to the environment can be inherited outside the schoolbook notions of neoDarwinism.
    And of course any organism who figures out how to do this has a great Darwinian advantage.

    • Replies: @JayMan

    Sorry but that is not all you need to know. Science marches on.
    Want to be up to date? Check out Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance.
     
    Wrong place to bring up that bullshit, buddy (unless you're being facetious):

    https://youtu.be/w3310KWlDXg

  • Dear Mexican: I’m a white, college-educated, liberal, Democrat, socialist, U.S. citizen. I don't have any problem with Mexicans coming here to get a good job. In fact, I don't see the “problem.” From your perspective, why are Republicans and redneck dickheads so into building that big fence on the border? I guess what I mean...
  • There are fences and there are fences. There is the bullshit hi-tech one from Bush the Lesser and Obama. Which by design did not work. But enriched the contractor (Boeing?). And there is a much cheaper version of a couple of high walls separated not by land mines. But by vegetation such as African Thorn bushes and a number of contact irritants etc.
    Heck the Moroccans have a series of bulldozed sand dunes which seems to have been effective.

    The real need is not so much stopping Mexicans from crossing over. But to put enough pressure on Mexico so that it seals its Southern border from Migrants coming up from Central and South America.

    • Replies: @RadicalCenter
    No, dude, the real problem is PRECISELY the Mexicans coming over. Their numbers dwarf those of ALL other immigrants, legal and illegal, from the entire rest of the world.

    Forget this stupid figure of 11-12 million illegal aliens nationally, which they've been feeding us since Clinton/W Bush days. There are more than 12 million illegal aliens in CA and TX combined, let alone the rest of the country. And whether they come legally or illegally, they will continue to change (mostly damage) our traditional culture (what was left of it!), our common language, our lifestyle and values, our tax structure and burden, POLLUTION of our air and water (which we were doing too much before these last, oh, FIFTY million unneeded people arrived) and yes, sorry, our average levels of intelligence as well.

    We are being colonized, by MEXICO more than anyone else, and the pace is accelerating. Wake up.
  • I've obviously been a bit remiss with the blogging. That will change in the near future. First, ASHG was the bomb. I also hit D.C., New York, and Cambridge, in rapid succession. Lots of people to meet and catch up with. But a week away meant that other responsibilities built up and I'm just trying...
  • @ohwilleke
    Eagerly awaiting reports from ASHG.

    On the gender difference score, one of the things that has made modern feminist gender equality a viable proposition has been the increasingly irrelevance of the traits upon which the genders are very different. Upper body strength doesn't matter if you're a drone pilot operating video game controls far from the battle. It doesn't matter much at managerial levels in law enforcement either. And, even tasks that were historically dependent upon physical strength now increasingly involve operating machines instead.

    There is a theory in anthropology that societies that historically employed hoe agriculture tend to be more matriarchal while societies that historically employed plough agriculture tend to be more patriarchial, because male physical strength was more indispensable in plough agriculture societies. New means of production are making norms adopted in plough agriculture days increasingly irrelevant, but it takes a long time for old cultural habits to die.

    Beyond the gross anatomical differences between the sexes, there is a fairly extensive literature about differences in size of various neuroanatomical areas. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0149763413003011 discusses a recent meta analysis and a wiki article Neuroscience of sexual differences.
    Are these differences meaningful? I guess it depends in part it depends upon whether brain function is decentralized-that differences in one neural area results in localized behavior. Or the organism acts in a relatively unitary way. Where local differences affect behavior across the board.

    Your discussion of interchangeability in farming practices as some measure of sex equality belies
    the deepest evolutionary pressures arising from mammalian live birth + breast feeding by females. Male roles can and do vary. Our primate line with its lengthy period of child care has resulted in a sexual specialization that is manifested not only in a dimorphism of gross anatomical traits but differences across the board. Of which neuro-anatomical differences are but another example.
    Our culture now is de facto testing the hypothesis that the different paths evolution has pushed the two sexes still has not resulted in meaningful functional differences. The Harvard women who successfully denied Larry Summers his rights to academic freedom demanded that even in the extremes of ability in higher mathematics there was not a functional sexual difference. Our culture has agreed to agree with the Harvard women that there are no functional differences. The neo-cortex can carry the day.
    A secondary result is that there is a change in child rearing rate among the “best and brightest”.
    How does this affect us in the future? Are we at a place where we test whether any nation “so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.?”
    In Japan, where for their own reasons reasons women are also abstaining from child birth, and in-migration is not allowed, there is the very strong possibility that Japan will become an evolutionary dead end.

  • @Greg Pandatshang
    Does anyone have suggestions for a biography of Sigmund Freud? I haven’t looked at any yet, but I have to imagine there are some pretty bad ones out there, and I’d like to avoid them.

    Frank Sulloway
    Freud, Biologist of the Mind received the Pfizer Award of the History of Science Society for the best book published in the field in 1979.
    IMHO Freud was a peerless clinician and a very human theorist. He was a man of his time and culture.
    A slogan popular with Clinical Psychology Dissertation Candidates is “Research is Me-Search” True in spades for Freud.
    To paraphrase the under-appreciated R.D. Laing : Freud used his theory as a Medusa’s Head to explore the Unconscious. We who follow him no longer need to use his theory in this way.

  • About four years ago the genome blogger Dienekes Pontikos published a post, The womb of nations: how West Eurasians came to be. The argument was that the genetic variation we see around us across western Eurasia and northern Africa has its ultimate roots in the the structure that was extant in the ancient Near East,...
  • Liorente et. al. in Science suggest that this spread also reaches into Africa!

    “Characterizing genetic diversity in Africa is a crucial step for most analyses reconstructing the evolutionary history of anatomically modern humans. However, historic migrations from Eurasia into Africa have affected many contemporary populations, confounding inferences. Here, we present a 12.5x coverage ancient genome of an Ethiopian male (‘Mota’) who lived approximately 4,500 years ago. We use this genome to demonstrate that the Eurasian backflow into Africa came from a population closely related to Early Neolithic farmers, who had colonized Europe 4,000 years earlier. The extent of this backflow was much greater than previously reported, reaching all the way to Central, West and Southern Africa, affecting even populations such as Yoruba and Mbuti, previously thought to be relatively unadmixed, who harbor 6-7% Eurasian ancestry.”

  • What is it that puzzles New York about Trump’s enormous appeal? . He does what so many of us desperately want. He takes no guff from the loathsome talking heads who have never baited a hook or worried about a mortgage payment or been bankrupted by the confluence of Wall Street and Pennsylvania Avenue. He...
  • @BurplesonAFB
    Fred. You like Mexicans. We get it.

    Trump intends to make e verify mandatory nationwide in order to combat businesses hiring illegals.

    He also would increase ICE officers, and would hopefully allow them to use force against those who are infiltrating.

    On the fence
    “About 90-95% of the barrier will be constructed as a “multi-layered fence system”[22] with the IDF’s preferred design having three fences, pyramid-shaped stacks of barbed wire on the two outer fences, a lighter-weight fence with intrusion detection equipment in the middle, an anti-vehicle ditch, patrol roads on both sides, and a smooth strip of sand for “intrusion tracking”.[23]

    The barrier contains an on-average 60-metre (200 ft) wide exclusion area.[24] The width of some sections is larger (up to 100 metres (330 ft)) due to topographic conditions.[25] The width of some sections (about 6% of the barrier) is 3 metres (9.8 ft) where the barrier is constructed as a concrete wall up to 8 metres (26 ft) high. These sections are narrower, require less land, and provide more protection against snipers” Wikipedia

    I would add a final barrier of 1000 ft of thorn bushes.

    This would be an effective and relatively cheap barrier. Unlike the hi-tech billion dollar/mile Obama nonsense.

    The real problem and the need for a such fence is not at the US/Mexico’s border but on Mexico’s southern border. Where the lawless elements of Central America are allowed free crossing. I expect there would be a political cost if Mexico tried to seal that border.
    Instead of Trump being the dumb fuck as you suggest, some reflection might suggest that given enough pressure by Trump on Mexico’s northern border, it would seem possible that a Mexican government might reluctantly compromise with a southern fence.
    A similar slight of hand is burying anti-hedge-fund taxation in a mess of other proposals. Much of he top .01%ers have not contributed to the economy but are parasitic on it. To get at them and their congressional supporters he is offering a plan to cut taxes for the masses and then present taxing these parasites to balance things out. Icann just backed him and look for other older financiers as Buffett to join in.
    Watch him also find a way to tax the Internet zillionaires who profit from the internet.

  • I've been very busy of late, and had to travel this weekend. Explaining the relatively light blogging recently. Will probably change in the near future. While on the airplane I decided to reread my Kindle version of John Gillespie's Population Genetics: A Concise Guide. The subtitle is accurate, it's short and quick. Longtime readers know...
  • http://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-09-brain-linked-positive-human-traits.html

    “There is a strong correspondence between a particular set of connections in the brain and positive lifestyle and behaviour traits, according to a new study by Oxford University researchers……

    “They found that variation in brain connectivity and an individual’s traits lay on a single axis – where those with classically positive lifestyles and behaviours had different connections to those with classically negative ones. The findings are published in Nature Neuroscience…..

    “They found one strong correlation that relates specific variations in a subject’s connectome with their behavioural and demographic measures. Interestingly, the correlation shows that those with a connectome at one end of scale score highly on measures typically deemed to be positive, such as vocabulary, memory, life satisfaction, income and years of education. Meanwhile, those at the other end of the scale were found to exhibit high scores for traits typically considered negative, such as anger, rule-breaking, substance use and poor sleep quality.
    The researchers point out that their results resemble what psychologists refer to as the ‘general intelligence g-factor… While the new results include many real-life measures not included in the g-factor – such as income and life satisfaction, for instance – those such as memory, pattern recognition and reading ability are strongly mirrored.”
    If as it appears that these variations in brain connectivity can be used as a token of a g-like-factor, then the nature-nuture debate on g-factor may be shiftable to a discussion of effects of nature-nurture on the connectome.

  • Is the current refugee crisis gripping the European Union “all America’s fault”? That is how my critique of US foreign policy was characterized in a recent interview on the Fox Business Channel. I do not blame the host for making this claim, but I think it is important to clarify the point. It has become...
  • If I were a Jewish supremacist , I might take all your comments as simply supporting the idea that Jews are some superior type of being. For how could so few people come to have such power in the US and the world. Perhaps you also explain why the Germans were so set on Jewish extermination ENVY. Only with Jews gone could Germans be #1
    But I am not a Jewish supremacist. But I do find it amusing to hoist you with your own petard.

    • Replies: @Joe Franklin
    Germans didn't t favor Jewish bolshevism and crony capitalism, probably because most gentile Germans are honest, industrious, and highly intelligent people.

    The US people are the opposite of Germans; the majority of Americans favor Jewish bolshevism and crony capitalism, because most Americans are very stupid and ignorant.

    Modern Jews are class supremacist.

    In the Soviet Union, the Jews schemers engineered a class supremacy, a supremacy of the Jewish led poor classes.

    When the Soviet Union collapsed due to the corruption inherent to Jewish Bolshevik class supremacy, the unbelievably stupid Americans invited the same dirty Soviet Jews to immigrate and bring their class supremacy schemes to the US.

    Now the Bolshevik Jews have implemented a dirty class supremacy scheme in both the US and Israel, a Jewish led victim class supremacy scheme.

    This accomplishment was an amazing feat of sedition, considering that the US was originally designed to have a very limited central government.

    Apparently, many unscrupulous people are jealous and proud of Jewish scheming.

    Jewish Bernie Madoff found a whole lot of jealous American friends in the slammer.

    What's new about criminals admiring Jews?

    When you've got stone age fundamentalist on TV preaching that blessing Jews will also bless themselves, you've got a whole lot of stupid to gawk at.
  • The lugenpresse has been effective in demonizing Trump, or at least they have earnestly tried, using all the obvious MSM broadcasts and newspapers, but also online channels of propaganda such as AOL and Yahoo. Obviously this won’t work on me, being the first journalist (okay, blogger) to predict the rise of the Donald prior to...
  • Thank you for adding Lugenpresse to my vocabulary. The Germans do usually have a word for things.
    Trump does seem to be the man who understands the Zeitgeist. The Hungarian fence against migrants worked so well it has quieted those opponents who had poo-pooed its effectiveness. Note that it is just a simple chain and barbed wire fence with rigorous follow-up to breaks. A slightly updated double fence with a few hundred feet thorn bushes between and some simple continuity detectors between would not cost billions that the homeland security-industrial combine have offered.
    Second the idea of first safe haven is now in the US mindset let alone its press. Mexico of course is responsible for the migrants who cross its boarders. Not as a conduit.
    By attacking Jeb’s wife’s heritage, which Jeb had made a strength, Trump has done a classic martial arts move of using the opponents strength to beat him.
    Finally attacking Carly Sneed for her looks put her into a front position without touching any of her weaknesses. It will help speed the demise of the little ‘uns from the field. Pull some strength from Hillary. He has manipulated the lugenpresse to make her the anti-Trump sword bearer.
    But leave her completely open for attacks on her really piss-poor executive record at Lucent and HP at the correct future time.
    Far from being a fool Trump, I am sure has his campaign well mapped out. With each success he is amassing more followers.
    The jungle of Commercial RE may be filled with the meanest businesspeople around. More rough and tumble then politics. Whose biggest influences are outside politics. As a loner in the firld and to have done as well as he did may have provided the best background for a Presidential candidate and especially POTUS.
    The West has weakened itself with its PC doctrines of nice wars. LBJ (til late) was the last President relatively unencumbered by PC. The Donald may well turn around US opinion and link being “nice” with being dead.

  • The New York Times Editorial Board explains: The NYT Editorial Board's logic has been reiterated by another expert source, Imam Sheik Muhammad Ayed: “Europe has become old and decrepit and needs human reinforcement….they are not motivated by compa
  • Perhaps the NYTimes editorial board has turned its back on more natural ways of increasing population? Leaving accepting immigrants as the only solution.

    • Replies: @Frank Brown
    In that case, the NYTimes editorial board should reconsider its position on gay marriage in light of decreasing population.

    The NYTimes editorial board has been weaponized against us and our cultures. Make no mistake about that.
  • It’s “R & R for Megyn Kelly,” the Fox News channel announced last week on its website, followed by a gooey note from Kelly herself. Why was FNC broadcasting the vacation schedule of the Golden Goose that henpecked Donald Trump? Had Kelly been licked into shape by Trump? Was she off to lick her wounds?...
  • On the marauding matriarchy.

    Though I rarely watch TV except for Mets games, I have a little game I play.
    When watching ads I perform a little experiment.
    Who belittles or shows up whom. And rate the degree of of stupidity of the target.
    No surprise there. White men of course are on the bottom. Although for well-tanned couples the men still have a little more standing. Black couples are interesting. There used to be the usual gender bias. But since “Black Lives Matter, it seems that Black men have been raised in stature and wisdom.
    Father child relationships follow a similar pattern. Female children are given free rein to break the psychologically important parental barrier and best stupid Dad at will. Boys are not allowed to criticize nearly as much but boys openly smirk at the Schmuck who perhaps sired him.
    Do boys and fathers ever bond? Or must Dad always play catch with his daughter? The one exception I have seen is a intact Black family with Father and son bonding.
    Political correctness seems to me to be Cultural Thalidomide. Giving birth to psychologically deformed youth

    • Replies: @animalogic
    Down here, in the southern hemisphere domestic violence is the current government hobby horse ( i never, never knew, but apparenly its wrong). Listening to a program on the public broadcaster, i was interested to hear that the vast bulk of domestic violence is actually emotional "violence". Ok. Fine. Emotional oppression isn't particularly loving. However, every victim they presented was female, every perpetrator was...yes, you guessed it, male. Yes, say no more.
    The other wonder, is just how common it is to see a woman physically assaulting a man on tv commercials and programs: its just so "funny". Nevermind, what's a bit of hypocracy going to harm.....
  • Here's a good argument for immigration: the CEOs of two of US's three biggest tech companies were born in India. — Nicholas Thompson (@nxthompson) August 10, 2015 As you can see from the Tweet above some people are trying to score political points about off Sundar Pichai being tapped to lead Google. I joked in...
  • While I can understand your kvelling upon the success of others from the sub-continent, I am sure you know that they non-representative of that area and its billion+ population as a whole. as a whole. Thhre existed a de facto bottleneck based on either exceptional ability or high SES.
    A more interesting comparison might be to those West Indian areas where the British allowed indentured Indian labour. Trinidad Jamaica and Guyana. IIRC the last has little European blood and so could give interesting comparisons between roughly comparable Indian and African populations.

    • Replies: @Razib Khan
    don't ever project whatever fixations ("i understand") you might have again, i wasn't kvelling, though i guess you would in the same circumstance so you imputed the same psychology onto me. i don't really give a shit, as is pretty obvious from my post: "I don’t deny that in comparison to their representation in professional ranks at these types of firms people of Asian origin do seem under-represented in management overall. But, I’d challenge the null hypothesis that society can or should aim for perfect proportionality in all facets of life."

    A more interesting comparison might be to those West Indian areas

    do it if you are interested.

    (this is a general injunction to people who always have ways to improve data analysis/collection but won't expend 10 minutes of marginal time. i'm not a moron, i have plenty of ideas about better analyses, but i have a job/phd and family on top of the blog)
  • The WORDSUM variable in the General Social Survey has a correlation of 0.71 with general intelligence. That is, IQ. As you can see in the figure above the distribution isn't quite normal, though those with at least a college degree are skewed toward having higher scores. A 10 out of 10 means getting the definition...
  • . The other legal barrier to a possible love relationship is incest. If the law has no right to proscribe the gender of one’s mate then why should it have the right to proscribe those who are too closely related by blood?
    In this day, very few would want to ban even those with serious heritable conditions from marrying and having children. But the possible effects of “in-breeding” is citing as a reason for banning incestual relationships and marriages.
    It is well past time to continue to have anti-incest laws.

    • Replies: @Reg Cæsar

    But the possible effects of “in-breeding” is citing as a reason for banning incestual relationships and marriages.
     
    The incidence of birth defects drops to zero if the couple consists of identical twins.

    Talk about an L-shaped, "hockey stick" curve!
  • Carl Zimmer reports in the NYT: In other words, with "the Yamnaya" we're likely talking about more or less the people also known as the Proto-Indo-Europeans, who used to be called the Aryans. ... Until about 9,000 years ago, Europe was home to a genetically distinct population of hunter-gatherers, the researchers found. Then, between 9,000...
  • @PA
    If the encounter was peaceful, then the original population's contribution to the modern European DNA will have come equally from males and females.

    If it was an invasion, then the original population's contribution to the modern European DNA will have mostly come from the females.

    I cannot cite the study, but I am sure that this has shown up in the Bantu expansion. Where the ydna/mtdna ratios for Bantu/hunter gathers were different. The simplest answer was the “kill the men. Breed the women war cry” As we have seen recently in Darfur and Bosnia. And IIRC is common behavior in other primates.

  • Sleep Learning or Hypnopaedia was a regular feature of 20th Century sci-fi books, such as Brave New World and many Heinlein stories. In the Future, you wouldn't have to study, you'd just listen to lectures while you slept. Unfortunately, Sleep Learning doesn't actually make you smarter or better informed. But 21st Century researchers are looking...
  • After the “Gay interview” nonsense this article will prove to be the second embarrassing piece of politically correct pseudo-research allowed through the usually rigorous review process that “Science” has published. I can only imagine the pressure on the AAAS must be huge. It was easy to laugh at the claims that Prayer could cure homosexuality but now we see equally absurd claims of one-shot “cures” of politically incorrect attitudes.
    I fear the pressure is part of the “Whiteness study” movement. Which at least I, with eclectic reading habits, have not seen as getting proper attenuation from the “reality” crowd.

  • It's easy to point out the cultural Left's adherence to all sorts of social constructionisms. My post Men Are Stronger Than Women (On Average) has a lot of Google juice because it now gets cited online a fair amount in arguments...because people are obviously taking the converse position (not that women are stronger, but that...
  • @Pseudonymic Handle
    Some of the most irreligious countries like Japan and those in Northern Europe also have the lowest crime rates in the world, others irreligious countries like the Czech Republic and China have lower crime rates than you would expect given their level of economic development.

    Nevertheless I believe that religion can make a difference in subcultures where people habitually engage in crime. I would be curious to see an analysis of the crime rates of evangelical gypsies in Europe compared to the crime rates of general gypsy population. For a gypsy group arrest was a coming-of-age ritual for males, nobody was called a man unless it has been to prison. In situations like this changing beliefs may change behaviour.

    I think that you are misinformed about religion in China and Japan. Only if you use Christianity as the paradigm of a religion does your comment make sense. But if you talk about having a moral and ethical standard to live by,then religion is much more widespread in China and Japan

    • Replies: @Chrisnonymous
    This post is about having a personal relationship with God or some supernatural power, so for you to redefine religion in that way is pointless in the context of this discussion. Anyhow, I live in Japan right now, and I would say that they don't have a moral code, they have social habituation. Some people describe Japan as shame-based rather than guilt-based for example. The fact that Japanese are good at following explicit rules is not a sign they have a good moral sense, it is a sign they are afraid of social retaliation for breaking rules, and, in addition, dislike rule-breakers per se rather than people who lie, cheat, etc.
    , @Balaji
    I agree with you about moral and ethical standards.

    God(s) are not always necessary for religion, More essential are prophets, saints, holy books and creed. By this standard, Soviet and Maoist Communisms were religions. In today's world, the Cult of Social Justice is gaining strength. Probably a good number of the 20.7% of the people in 2014 who professed no religion are acolytes of Social Justice. They may zealously battle in the media, new and old, against those who are blasphemers, apostates and heretics against the orthodox views of Social Justice.

  • A mandatory racially segregated class has been imposed upon all students at the famously liberal private Fieldston elementary school (tuition $43,265) in New York City. All elementary students must take a racially segregated class where their racial consciousnesses will be raised (or, if they are white, presumably, stomped down) about "microaggressions." (Honest to God, that...
  • @Trumped
    Anyone who has spent some time outside of the major cities in the South among the actual white southern population would know how laughable that KKK claim is. If anything, Jews are placed on a pedestal and viewed as superior to WASPs due to the evangelical dominance of the white southern culture. I am not joking when I say I have seen white southerners flying Israeli flags. They worship the state of Israel more than the actual Jews do!

    Can we do some digging and find out where this guy lived and what year he claims this incident took place? I am 99.99% sure it was made up by this character.

    It may look strange but what isn’t. Evangelicals can be anti-Semitic (or not) and still strongly support the State of Israel and especially their right wing policy of expansion into all of ancient Israel. This is because this control is a prerequisite for the return of Christ.

  • The NYT notices something I've harped on for about a dozen years: Actually, after WWII, Hispanics tended to be, if anything, over-represented in movies. They were featured prominently in Latin Lover roles, such as Fernando Lamas, whose image lives on in his sailing buddy Jonathan Goldsmith's Dos Equis beer commercial character "The Most Interesting Man...
  • Sailer:
    Didn’t you get the announcement?
    African-Americans have been appointed as the official representative of “.People of Color” in the US.
    So when you see a black in a commercial or news show, you must not an African-American. But all PoC. And when the is a female A-A then you will know that she indeed represents all people except the Dominant White Male.
    It is certainly a remarkable coincidence that this viewpoint coincides with all of the Duck-Dynasty Ubermensch. Both believe that all non-DWM are interchangeable. And First Settlers and Hispanics all have mixed blood and are therefore Afro-American.
    While estimates of those self-identified A-A’s with actually some European genes (And gasp in LA. and SC 12% of self-identified Whites have some of that dark stuff) my non-scientific seem to be that A-A in movie and TV most seem pretty light-skinned. Certainly we are not seeing the 75% all Africans (Except as commentators/announcers on sports shows) I am stumped trying to decode that message.
    In short Latinos have beening represented. By Oprah

  • In 2010 when the Neandertal sequence paper was published the word was that all non-Africans had the same proportion of ancestry from this population, a few percent. Over the past few years researchers have looked closer, and come to the conclusion that that was wrong. In particular, East Asians seem to have ~20 percent greater...
  • I do not understand the reluctance in assuming thatthere was indeed extra doses of ooga-booga. Since we have at best limited ideas of AMH or Neanderthal sexuality it is fantasy to guess the frequency of sexual liaisons. Maybe N men played football or had long tongues or other special sexual attractiveness.
    Nor should we assume that that contact was especially rare. Since both groups were hunters they would follow the paths of their prey. And both would be dependent on migration paths.
    Finally we do not know how fertile hybrids were. Or how they were accepted socially.

  • Well, there was an earthquake in Northern California. Everyone's OK here, though it wasn't exactly a minor event across the region.
  • http://medicalxpress.com/news/2014-08-childhood-hungry-human-brain.html#ajTabs
    is sort of a sleeper article
    In part : ‘The study helps to solve the long-standing mystery of why human children grow so slowly compared with our closest animal relatives.

    It shows that energy funneled to the brain dominates the human body’s metabolism early in life and is likely the reason why humans grow at a pace more typical of a reptile than a mammal during childhood. ”
    One can (carefully) flip this around and use rate of weight gained during childhood as a token for energy funneled to the brain.
    There is much made about higher or lower birth and child weight in non-white groups. And ascribing it to social/environmental differences. When there may well be genetic factors at play (better put :the genetic differences may have a significant effect on the total variance)So differences in percentage of total energy funneled to brain growth could be a major source of such variation.

  • USA Today is blasting a headline, More British Muslims fight for Islamic State than Britain, based on the fact that a conservative estimate suggests that 800 fighters for the Islamic State hold British Passports. It turns out that 600 Muslims serve in the British armed forces, which number 200,000. A separate article in The New...
  • In psychology, cognitive dissonance is the mental stress or discomfort experienced by an individual who holds two or more contradictory beliefs, ideas, or values at the same time, or is confronted by new information that conflicts with existing beliefs, ideas, or values.[1][2]

    Leon Festinger’s theory of cognitive dissonance focuses on how humans strive for internal consistency. When inconsistency (dissonance) is experienced, individuals largely become psychologically distressed…
    The existence of dissonance, being psychologically uncomfortable, will motivate the person to try to reduce the dissonance and achieve consonance
    Wiki
    I do not want to simplify Dissonance Theory, but one can see in a culture which fosters easy assimilation the chance of an individual experiencing internal inconsistency increases.
    One way of reducing this dissonance is to devalue one alternative. And overvalue the other. Religious Conservatism devalues “Liberal” assimalation. While overvaluing religion. Jihadism is a quite effective way of devaluing Western assimilation.

  • In my younger days I had a soft spot for well crafted "space opera," with David Brin's "Uplift" series being an excellent exemplar. And yet the reality is that part of me always felt that these were more akin to space fantasy than science fiction. The reason is that a world such as the one...
  • I do not think that we are the only intelligent life formed on this planet. Octopii and Cetacea for two in this go-round. And perhaps birds are the remnants of intelligence in dinosaurs. (perhaps the fore legs of T.Rex were for tool use)
    What we are is an intelligence developed in a body that could provide limbs that could be adapted for tool use.
    If we see life as flowing along gradients which minimize entropy for an isolated system, and intelligence one way to do this, then we should expect to see intelligent life quite often.

  • Steve points me to another weird argument for diversity in elite schools in The New York Times, Elite, Separate, Unequal: New York City’s Top Public Schools Need Diversity, which sidesteps the fact that students of Asian background are overwhelming these institutions. The writer seems to put a particular focus on Stuyvesant High School, which is...
  • 1. The public schools in NYC are so bad that middle -class parents will bust themselves to get their kids into private K-8 schools. Then move them over to better, specialized HS. So using public school populations biases your results.
    2. The parental expectations of children’s grades in Asian families is probably higher then for other groups. Social activities and successes and much less important in at least Chinese families. Etc.
    3.Jensen you may remember had whites in the middle between blacks and east Asians.
    Educational realist. Do you have hard data on cheating rates or just a special voice that informs your posts?
    Me? I believed Jensen.So I have had kids with an East Asian 🙂

  • Probably the most interesting paper that came out in the past week, Large-Scale Psychological Differences Within China Explained by Rice Versus Wheat Agriculture .
  • The reason that there are differences in the “psychology” of those on either side of the Yangtze maybe that they are originally two different peoples (see map
    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/Qin_empire_210_BCE.png/280px-Qin_empire_210_BCE.png) with the “han” in the north and the Baiyue in the south. Of course the sinoization of native peoples is on going. The is for instance an increasing pressure on Hong Kong to repalce Cantonese with Manderin.
    It is not unusual for cultures to preserve agricultural traditions. Here rice in the Baiyue and wheat in the Han.

  • What's going on?
  • RE: Affirmative action
    I am sure many readers saw articles about a lad who got accepted to all the Ivy Schools. First time! He scored 2,250 out of 2,400 on the SAT
    I knew without looking that he was black.
    A comment in WaPo says a lot:

    Beilili Lisa
    3:13 PM EST
    He is the 1st generation of black American immigrants. That had made him much easier than Asians to get in those schools. My dentist’s son got SAT 2400 out of 2400 last year and he had represented US to compete in Olympics Math. He was not accepted by Harvard but some other Ivy League… ”
    The big problem to me is that Affirmative action was meant to “right historic wrongs” to descendents of African slaves. Historic wrongs were then presented for other minorities and they also became part of the scheduled classes.
    Well this young man who did do so well on his SATs was not a descendent of African slaves, at least not in the US. His parents were not impoverished, both were said to be nurses.
    But the writer above says it all.

  • The Chronicle of Higher Education has an article up on the intersection of genomics and sociology, In Research Involving Genome Analysis, Some See a ‘New Racism’. Most of the quotes are from sociologists, which is a problem, because whenever I try and delve into the topic it seems that sociologists don't actually engage with the...
  • yes the world is the way the world is. Not how our philosophies want it to be.
    Whatever terms one uses ,it does seem as there is a split in genetic history in those who are descended from OoA with their subsequent hybridizations. And those who remained in Africa (with some later minor remixing)
    We do not know if or where this hybridization is expressed. But we can no longer assume identity of the two groups and look to environment rather then genetics as causative.
    One place remixing is important is of course in the Americas. In the US studies most generally follow the quaint philosophy based habit of lumping all levels of white/black admixture and defining the group as black. Means are now available to determine the degree of admixture. Skin color might also be a useful proxy of admixture.

    As racial differences in incidence rate and treatment our now regular findings in medicine. So further refinement by mixture level seems clear.
    Also we can no long just assume that educational methods will have the same effect two groups we may be contributing to school problems.
    These caveats also apply to the post-Beringian populations. Which may have a unique history for >25K years.

  • A new paper in PNAS, Direct evidence for positive selection of skin, hair, and eye pigmentation in Europeans during the last 5,000 years, uses ancient DNA to examine the possibility of very recent natural selection in Europeans. In particular, it focuses on eastern Europeans, and roughly a region coterminous with Ukraine ~6000 to ~4000 years...
  • Dave
    Thanks for that clarification. In fact I had noticed in recent pictures of Julia that the bottom hair was brown and the braids still blond.
    To explain why this happens is a question that seems to relate to Razib’s discussion. Is the blonding genetic? Then why does it first turn brown and then grey? Is it only during child bearing age? Etc.

  • Sometimes science turns out as you'd expect. It's not revolutionary, but it solidifies what should already be a solid foundation basis for extending knowledge into new territories. The latest ancient genome paper, The genome of a Late Pleistocene human from a Clovis burial site in western Montana, does just that. As the media has correctly...
  • It does still leave the problem of the pre-Clovis sites. Who were the inhabitants and what happened to them and their DNA?

    Also there is an odd thrown-in fact (from Discovery)
    “In addition to these “Clovis point” projectiles and other tools, Anzick-1′s grave site contained a rare elk antler tool that was already centuries old at the time of his burial and apparently intentionally broken. Archaeologists believe this may indicate the tool was an heirloom and had great significance. Without other Clovis graves for comparison, however, it remains impossible to determine whether the method of Anzick-1′s burial was typical of the culture.”
    If the the burial practice included ancient keepsakes, the Clovis-type artifacts buried with the child certainly could have been keepsakes as well.

  • The above are some commonly accepted values for the heritabilities of complex traits in the scientific literature. By heritability I mean to refer to the proportion of the variation in the trait within the population which can be explained by variation of genes within the population. The reason I am very precise is that heritability...
  • Lumping data for pop headlines
    Looking just a little closer at the data

    In 2011, 62 percent of women between ages 20 and 24 who had recently given birth were unmarried.
    Among women ages 35 to 39, the percentage was considerably lower — 17 percent of women who recently gave birth were unmarried — but overall, 36 percent of the 4.1 million women who reported they had given birth in the past year were unmarried. That’s up from 31 percent in 2005.
    The birthrate among single mothers also varied along educational, socioeconomic and racial barriers. Sixty-eight percent of black women who had given birth in the past year were unmarried, compared to 11 percent of Asian women, 43 percent of hispanics and 26 percent of non-Hispanic whites. Fifty-seven percent of recent mothers without a high school diploma were unmarried compared to nine percent of recent mothers with a bachelors degree or higher. Sixty-nine percent of recent mothers who came from households with incomes with $10,000, in contrast to nine percent of recent mothers with households earning $200,000 or more.

    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/05/01/single-motherhood-increases-census-report_n_3195455.html

    So it would seem like Genes Do Matter, not only in medical matters as is now begrudgingly being admitted, but including such matters as social and familial interactions, and personality structures.
    Culture is a strong environmental selector. “Albion’s Seed” for instance describes the persistence of a cultural style for generations. It would have had to have selective effect. We can clearly see its political influence today.

  • The website The Root often has a Q & A with various African Americans, famous and not so famous, about their genealogy in relation to personal genomics. In most cases these tests tell you what you already know, but for African Americans there is often actually value-add in terms of greater specificity and precision, which...
  • I was struck by her comment “The first person I called was my mother, and I sent her my results and
    copied all my kids so they know where half of their genetic makeup is from”

    One has to wonder which “half” of her heritage excited her. It would appear that she is less then comfortable being biracial. The prevailing attitude among “Afro-Americans” seems to follow the Southern notion of “one drop of black blood…” in self-definition.

    Perhaps we will find that presence/absence of Neandertal
    genes will be a more suitable definition

    • Replies: @Sandgroper
    It's because the customs resonate, man. You know?

    Wait until she catches the cultural resonance in Finland. It's going to really tick her off that she doesn't have any Punjabi ancestry. Actually, that's something I'm not very pleased about myself, the way I vibrate to Bhangra. I'm also slightly irritated to find I don't have any Zulu ancestry either, because those kids rock.

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_npFIonozc8

    , @Razib Khan
    she is NOT 'biracial', in that both her parents are african americans of mixed african and european heritage (ie she does not have one black and one white parent).
  • The New York Times recently put up a piece, Has ‘Caucasian’ Lost Its Meaning? Much of the analysis in the article has too much of a feeling of ethnographic 'close reading', but I still am excited that the middle-brow journal of record has started to weigh in on the ridiculousness of the whole situation. I've...
  • In an upper middle class suburban High School near New York City, I was saddened to find out that the teens pretty sell segregated themselves socially by race. Whites, Blacks, Hispanics and Asians. The Asian social group, following the census definition included both South and East Asians.

    • Replies: @Robert Ford
    it's been like that since way back. and why is that sad? do you hang out with a huge, mixed race group?
  • About four years ago blogger emeritus RPM of evolgen brought into sharp relief an issue which has nagged me: Up until the late 1990s I had thought of people from the Caucasus mountains when I heard the term, but then I began to reorient my assumption because of its colloquial usage. But as it became...
  • Well lets next look at Mongoloid. Which can mean either mean an East Asian or a person with Downs syndrome. Thus perhaps as a parallel to a Caucasian Caucasian we could have a Mongoloid Mongoloid or Mongoloid Mongolian or etc.
    But again Mongols are in fact a rather mixed racial group. And of course they represent a billion and more Chinese and the Japanese etc, SE Asians etc.
    And what should we call the old peoples like the first Australians, New Guineans Dravidian(?) etc?