Introduction: Wall Street and the Pentagon greeted the onset of 2016 as a ‘banner year’, a glorious turning point in the quest for malleable regimes willing to sell-off the most lucrative economic resources, to sign off on onerous new debt to Wall Street and to grant use of their strategic military bases to the Pentagon.... Read More
Introduction: The class struggle from above found its most intense , comprehensive and retrograde expression in Argentina, with the election of Mauricio Macri (December 2015). During the first two months in office, through the arbitrary assumption of emergency powers, he reversed, by decree, a multitude of progressive socio-economic policies passed over the previous decade and... Read More
Introduction: Democratic critics of military seizures of power commonly refer to them as military coups.They adopt a very narrow and misleading conception of what is taking place. Likewise, human rights activists and progressive analysts who conceptualize the reign of violence which follows, a ‘coup’ as state terror fail to take account of the systemic forces... Read More
Introduction: A recent article by Jorge Elbaum, the former executive director of DAIA (Delegation for Argentine Jewish Associations), the principle Argentine Jewish umbrella groups, published in the Buenos Aires daily Pagina 12, provides a detailed account of the damaging linksbetween the State of Israel, US Wall Street speculators and local Argentine Zionists in government and... Read More
Introduction: On October 23rd of this year, President Cristina Fernandez won re-election receiving 54% of the vote, 37 percentage points higher than her nearest opponent. The President’s coalition also swept the Congressional, Senatorial, Gubernatorial elections as well as 135 of the 136 municipal councils of Greater Buenos Aires. In sharp contrast President Obama, according to... Read More
Between December 19-21, 2001 a massive popular rebellion overthrew the incumbent President De la Rua amidst the greatest street battles and highest casualties (38 protestors were assassinated) in recent Argentine history. Major demonstrations and street blockages took place throughout the rest of the country, in an unprecedented alliance between the unemployed, underemployed workers and a... Read More
I spent the month of May 2003 in Argentina visiting factories, working class suburbs, villas miseria ( impoverished housing of unemployed squatters ), lower middle class assemblies in the cities, social centers of the unemployed and universities, interviewing trade unionists, unemployed workers, student and faculty activists, human rights activists, film and video makers, the Madres... Read More
Throughout the early and mid-nineties, the international financial institutions (the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank), the regional financial institution (The Inter-American Development Bank) and the G-7 countries (North America and Western Europe) praised Argentina’s liberalization program as an economic model for the Third World. Then President Menem and his Economic Minister Cavallo promised... Read More
From 1992-1997, the World Bank Annual Report praised Argentina as the model country in the Third World. Washington and Brussels joined in the chorus of praise. The most prestigious financial newspapers (The Wall Street Journal, The Financial Times) editorialized on the thoroughness and effectiveness of the “economic reforms” carried out by the neoliberal Menem regime.... Read More
As far back as Gen. Juan Perón’s 1946?1955 presidency, the northwestern Argentine province of Jujuy could rely on state-run companies and protected industries such as tobacco and sugar. A symbol of Perón’s vision for the country was Aceros Zapla, a government-owned mining and steel company an hour east of the provincial capital, San Salvador de... Read More
A month ago, Argentina was a symbol of the disaster of the free market. Years of recession had driven unemployment to nearly 20 percent and pushed one-third of the population into poverty. And all President Fernando de la R?a and his hated economics chief Domingo Cavallo could offer was more austerity–slashed wages, layoffs, spending cuts,... Read More
The Argentinazo is the fourth and biggest popular uprising against authoritarian neo-liberal domination and political impunity. In 1982 the people and soldiers rose up to denounce the military following the Malvinas disaster. The result was the trial and conviction of the genocidal generals. The second major mobilization was against the threat of a military coup... Read More
Pablo and Diego were running down the avenue past the crowds rushing in and out of the supermarkets and electronic stores. A column of young people were marching up the avenue singing, Ya se acerca nochebuena Ya se acerca navidad Pero el pueblo esta en la calle Y el gobierno ya se va? ... Read More
This account is based on a variety of stories told to me by various friends and companeros who were active in the Argentinazo. DEDICATED TO THE MADRES DE LA PLAZA DE MAYO I am indebted to them for their time and confidence in sharing their experiences and personal observations. No doubt this account will be... Read More
James Petras is a Bartle Professor (Emeritus) of Sociology at Binghamton University, New York.
He is the author of more than 62 books published in 29 languages, and over 600 articles in professional journals, including the American Sociological Review, British Journal of Sociology, Social Research, and Journal of Peasant Studies. He has published over 2000 articles in nonprofessional journals such as the New York Times, the Guardian, the Nation, Christian Science Monitor, Foreign Policy, New Left Review, Partisan Review, TempsModerne, Le Monde Diplomatique, and his commentary is widely carried on the internet.
His publishers have included Random House, John Wiley, Westview, Routledge, Macmillan, Verso, Zed Books and Pluto Books. He is winner of the Career of Distinguished Service Award from the American Sociological Association’s Marxist Sociology Section, the Robert Kenny Award for Best Book, 2002, and the Best Dissertation, Western Political Science Association in 1968. His most recent titles include Unmasking Globalization: Imperialism of the Twenty-First Century (2001); co-author The Dynamics of Social Change in Latin America (2000), System in Crisis (2003), co-author Social Movements and State Power (2003), co-author Empire With Imperialism (2005), co-author)Multinationals on Trial (2006).
He has a long history of commitment to social justice, working in particular with the Brazilian Landless Workers Movement for 11 years. In 1973-76 he was a member of the Bertrand Russell Tribunal on Repression in Latin America. He writes a monthly column for the Mexican newspaper, La Jornada, and previously, for the Spanish daily, El Mundo. He received his B.A. from Boston University and Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley.