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The Shootdown of Russia's IL-20
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And so it starts. Russia must attack Israel, no—she must obliterate it, Putin is “soft”, the world is coming to an end, Zionists are in control of Kremlin, Russia turns another cheek. And on, and on, and on. The chorus of noble warriors with the evils of Zionism is getting louder with each day. Behind this hysteria surrounding the tragedy of Russian VKS’ IL-20 somehow crucial and widely publicized news have been ignored completely. It is no surprise they were ignored by all kinds of “specialists” in strategy, politics, and armchair strategists (I am one myself). The news are pretty simple. Lt. General Alexander Ionov, former Deputy Chief of Main Staff of Russian Air Force from 1991 through 2001, stated to popular Russian media Zvezda that it is guaranteed that Syrian Air Defense forces were not provided with compatible IFF equipment and codes.

For those who don’t know what IFF (Interrogator Friend-Foe) is—it is electronic system which provides both a defense against friendly fire and easy radar identification of friendly forces. On older radar friendly forces would usually be marked with arches (below or above) radar marks of the targets and that is how one knows how not to shoot at them. The IFF technology is extremely sensitive as are the “codes” on which it runs. It wasn’t provided, and for a good reason, to Syrian Forces. So, the question, in this case which will be asked by laymen is: but what about “full integration” of Russian and Syrian Air Defenses. It is a legitimate question. Without going into much detail how a key aspect of this integration is provided—in Western parlance it is called CEC (Cooperative Engagement Capability)—there are reasons to assume that in case of older S-200s the targeting data could have been provided by radio-voice commands. But here comes this most important fact—Syrian S-200 and its radar did have a track and, possibly, a lock on the Israeli F-16s. The certainty of this fact, as in old proverb about the proof being in the pudding, is in all advanced aircraft being equipped with Emission Detectors which are a warning system and Israeli aircraft using available “screen” in a form of Russian IL-20 on its approach to Khmeimim Air Base.

In other words, Israeli aircraft were forced to seek a cover and one can only imagine how warnings were screaming in their cockpits. They saw IL-20 with its huge Radar Cross Section (RCS). For those with a short attention span it is worth reminding them that Syrian Air Defense does have a track record of shooting down or damaging IAF’s aircraft. In fact, apart from actually admitting their losses, IAF is still mum on the fate of “damaged by birds” F-35. In other words, Syrian AD does track and locks on Israeli combat aircraft. S-200 missiles are what is known SARH—Semi-Active Radar Homing, meaning that missile needs the illumination of the target by the air defense complex radar and that is where the professionalism, especially at the significant engagement ranges (tens and even hundreds of kilometers), becomes absolutely crucial. But so does a protocol, or ROE (Rules of Engagement), for people in control of any particular AD complex which is not “inside” the loop of highly sensitive IFF. At this stage, I do have reasons to believe that under a huge pressure of the situation unfolding in what used to be a calm sector of approaches to Khmeimim Air Base, which was agreed between Israel and Russia, and where IAF’s aircraft were not supposed to be, the Syrian crew simply went for the target which was clearly visible and shaded smaller RCS Israeli planes.

Israel violated in this case not just an ethical norm by hiding behind IL-20, it violated much more—it flew it planes into the area which was specifically designated as “out of reach” for IAF. As former Israel’s Service Nativ’ Yakov Kedmi stated after the events, all this tragedy became a result of Israeli recklessness and unprofessionalism , he called this mistake by Israeli generals a doom-spelling one. Reaction of Israel following the events is telling—she went into the full damage control mode with Netanyahu urgently calling Vladimir Putin. He offered the Commander of Israeli Air Force to be immediately on his way to Moscow, all diplomatic, informational, government channels between Israel and Russia got immediately engaged. This was a very telling sign of a real panic and confusion on the Israeli side which also immediately offered condolences. This is not an act of war, as many would love it to be, some out of often justified hatred of Israel hoping for Russia to dispose of this “evil”, others purely out of adrenalin rush in anticipation of TV picture of people killing each other.

But the issue of interaction between Russia and Syrian forces is real and it is not easily addressed for a number of purely military and cultural reasons. But some conclusions can already be made:

  1. There will be no “annihilation” of Israel, nor will there be any shooting war between Russia and Jewish State as many would love and lust it to be;
  2. There will, however, be some form of no-fly zone and as Vladimir Putin stated Russia will take “the steps that everyone will notice.” Obviously this important statement by the head of Russian State got drowned in the ocean of rage and speculations, and confusion I may add, but this has become a familiar pattern by now.
  3. Issue of ROE and interaction—the most important one. Specialists must review protocols and tactical procedures. Engagement caveats must be strictly enforced.
  4. Training of Syrian personnel and, obvious now, necessity, once advanced S-300s (PMU) are additionally delivered to Syria, to have Russian advisers full time in any Syrian Air Defense crew dealing with much more advanced technology than old S-200s.

In the end, this tragedy, should serve as a real serious lesson and, in a military sense a warning that one better stick to the agreements or things may spiral out of control very fast. Israel decided that it is allowed to break agreements. Israel should ask Turkey what happens when one does Russia wrong—Turkish Air Force knows it too well after shooting down Russian SU-24. It got grounded. Now Turkey is a situational ally of Iran and Russia in the region. As per larger geopolitical sense—just wait and see. But I made myself explicit on that matter not for once. I might as well repeat myself—dogs bark, but caravan passes on.

 
• Category: Foreign Policy • Tags: Israel, Russia, Syria 
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  1. There will, however, be some form of no-fly zone and as Vladimir Putin stated Russia will take “the steps that everyone will notice.” Obviously this important statement by the head of Russian State got drowned in the ocean of rage and speculations, and confusion I may add, but this has become a familiar pattern by now.

    This statement sounds like BS to me. The lack of specifics kind of gives it away. Is there a reason why Putin would want to keep this “no-fly zone” secret from everybody? C’mon.

    Putin needed to tell some face-saving BS for his domestic audience, but in reality nothing will change.

  2. anon[228] • Disclaimer says:

    “which was agreed between Israel and Russia, and where IAF’s aircraft were not supposed to be, the –

    Israel violated in this case not just an ethical norm —. As former Israel’s Service Nativ’ Yakov Kedmi stated after the events, all this tragedy became a result of Israeli recklessness and unprofessionalism , he called this mistake by Israeli generals a doom-spelling one.”

    The Mad Dog thesis has been working for over 80 years since when Zionist have been killing its friends and benefactors .

    Every decade has seen worsening of the raibidity of the rabies infected dog .

    The dogs will keep on biting hard and bad . Cows will never come home .

  3. An interesting interpretation of the events.

  4. ‘…There will, however, be some form of no-fly zone…’

    A ‘no-fly zone’ that Israel has to respect?

    Gettin’ kind of big for your britches, aren’t you buster?

  5. “The chorus of noble warriors with the evils of Zionism is getting louder with each day.”

    With 14 more innocent people dead and all life on earth once again put at risk – solely because of Zionist evil – why shouldn’t they? Sarcasm is really impertinent here, IMO.

    “…In other words, Israeli aircraft were forced to seek a cover and one can only imagine how warnings were screaming in their cockpits. They saw IL-20 with its huge Radar Cross Section (RCS).”

    First, since the aggressors were committing a war crime which they had a choice not to do, they were not “forced” to do anything.

    Second, your use of the word “forced” implies that the aggressors didn’t intend that the IL-20 be shot down, but this is speculative. How do you know that they didn’t intend for the IL-20 to be shot down? Was it just a coincidence that the IL-20 happened to be where they needed it to be at the right moment? Or to put it another way, what would they have done if it wasn’t there? According to your theory the aggressors were going to sacrifice themselves to Syrian air defense missiles for a meaningless attack, right?

    “This is not an act of war…”

    Seriously? And if the shoe were on the other foot what would Israel call it if Syria, Russia or Iran similarly attacked it? An act of tiddlywinks? Of course it was “an act of war.”

    “18 U.S. Code § 2331 – Definitions

    (4) the term “act of war” means any act occurring in the course of—
    (A) declared war;
    (B) armed conflict, whether or not war has been declared, between two or more nations; or
    (C) armed conflict between military forces of any origin;…”

    • Replies: @The Scalpel
  6. m___ says:

    The article.

    No rational explanation for Russian hands of.

    That leaves for the political. That leaves for the omission of some variables. That points to the most probable, author saving face.

    A full load of bee wax polish.

  7. so long as ‘Murkan – and, apparently, Russian – leaders are surrounded by a clot of Jew banksters, billionaires, and oligarchs,

    Israhell will continue to kill anyone, anywhere, anytime.

    • Agree: Pat Kittle
  8. Eighthman says:

    https://www.mintpressnews.com/wwiii-israel-syria/249577/

    An interpretation in which Putin dodged a trap to attack the French and trigger WW3 with NATO.
    I can only hope that Syria evolves into ending Israeli arrogance by competent defense of its airspace.

    This can eventually followed by the internal collapse of the Israeli state due to emigration and the drain of haredi subculture.

  9. “An interpretation in which Putin dodged a trap to attack the French and trigger WW3 with NATO.”

    I was thinking the same thing; otherwise, what was the point of the French ship being there if it wasn’t “bait”?

    Putin seems to be getting a crash course in “Knowing Your Enemy 101″ at the “school of hard knocks.” Hopefully he now understands that there is no limit to the depravity of the enemy and that they will keep trying until they start a war.

  10. Andrei is right, cooler heads must prevail. However, in his assessment,: “Israel violated in this case not just an ethical norm by hiding behind IL-20, it violated much more—it flew it planes into the area which was specifically designated as “out of reach” for IAF”. However, Andrei fails to mention Israel is a serial violator of sovereign state right’s, and she is a serial violator of international law, and at some point the world must push back.
    If Israel was human her psychological profile would include, but not be limited to: Israel is a coward, a trickster, an habitual liar, evil and homicidal, a racist with pure narcissistic and psychopathic proclivities. In short insane. If Israel were a dog it would be put down, if human she would be placed in a locked windowless psyche ward, trussed up like Hannibal Lector.
    Putin is smart. He won’t over react, because Russia’s winning, he knows it is only a matter of time before Syria is free of terrorists, and when that happens Syria will by 10x’s stronger than when the West started their shit show, and that means Syria will demand the Golan Heights back, and she will get them back.
    I don’t know if Russia and her allies are planning to ditch the dollar 100%, but I think they can, and they should. When, and if that happens Israel’s influence will be markedly less than it is today, if not nonexistent. Frankly the thought of 5, 6 or more influential states off the dollar, and paying in gold, bartering and thriving must make Israel and the USA shit their pants. And, frankly control of a nations currency may be what all this hatred of Russia coming from the West is all about. Ask yourself this: What do Russia, China, Venezuela, N. Korea, and Iran, have in common? Fractional banking is not sustainable, and smart people in free uncorrupted nations know this.

    • Replies: @m___
  11. Mikel says:

    OK. So maybe Russia didn’t provide the Syrians with the ultrasensitive IFF technology and that explains it all. 15 Russian servicemen lost their lives and nothing much will be done about it beyond words of yet additional precautionary measures.

    But if I was Russian and had close relatives serving in Syria I would ask them to come back home as soon as possible. Now we know that not only their lives are in much more danger than it seemed conceivable but nobody will defend them from the (inevitable) next attack from the Israelis or other Western “partners”.

    According to the Russian Minister of Defense official declaration, the Israelis only gave them a one minute warning before their attack on an area adjacent to the Russian base of Khmeinim. That means that the S-400 defending that all-important airbase should have been watching on their radars the unidentified attackers coming in but were unable to shoot them or their missiles. It is not even clear if a French frigate also shot some missiles (which itself is concerning, can’t the Russian systems determine where the hell missiles coming towards them are being shot from?).

    We already knew that Russia will not prevent the Israelis or the Americans from decimating its Syrian, Lebanese and Iranian allies on the ground, which makes the Russian enterprise in Syria rather pointless. How can you make any military plans when you don’t know how many soldiers and equipment your partner/enemies will decide to leave intact? Now we also know that the Russian contingent itself is at the mercy of the Western aggressors.

    In my view Russia should have always stayed away from any Middle Eastern war for the same reason that America should do the same. If they want to prevent Yihadist terrorists from operating in Russia it’s much easier and cost-effective to just put an effective control on their borders. And if they need to give their armed forces some real life combat experience, the suffering people of Donbas would only be too happy to oblige.

    Get the hell out of there, spare yourselves further humiliations and please spare the rest of the world the risk of a nuclear war for the sake of Assad’s dynasty.

    • Replies: @The Scalpel
    , @sohi
  12. Instead of bombing Israel, can’t we just whack a large number of the Jewish parasites who infest Russia? Take out a few of the oligarchs, etc?

    • Agree: Felix Keverich
  13. m___ says:
    @the grand wazoo

    The dollar loosing it’s role as reserve currency in increments, already takes part of the global economy out of the reach of the USA. The transactions not in the books cannot allow any longer for cooking the books at the same scale, lest it be more apparent.

    Indeed the dollar as reserve currency for all transactions that matter in magnitude is the main tweak as to the global state of affairs.

    That said, the skirmishes in Syria, and Russia ignoring proportionality seems (we do not know what is cooked on the back burners, Martyanov apparently neither) to be not helpful. Anyhow, if not backed by military might any alternative as to the dollar as reserve currency has no chance in the long run.

  14. anonymous[573] • Disclaimer says:

    This is probably the most level-headed treatment of this incident and closest to reality. One can’t make policy based on the reaction of anger. It might be hard to placate an angry public seeing it’s citizens getting killed by others acting in a reckless and malign manner so some sort of demonstration of force might be needed. Everyone realizes that one incident too many could trigger a chain of events that everyone would find inimical. Rationality must prevail.

  15. Eighthman says:

    https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2018/09/20/574671/Nasrallah-Hezbollah-Israel-Balance

    I know how to make Netanyahu’s head explode. Russia should secretly help Hezbollah to launch a satellite into orbit. Extreme consternation to follow. Teach ‘em a lesson.

  16. The Scalpel says: • Website
    @Harold Smith

    First, since the aggressors were committing a war crime which they had a choice not to do, they were not “forced” to do anything.

    “This is not an act of war…”

    Seriously? And if the shoe were on the other foot what would Israel call it if Syria, Russia or Iran similarly attacked it?

    [Especially since Israel is an opportunist here and not really a combatant]

    “Was it just a coincidence that the IL-20 happened to be where they needed it to be at the right moment? Or to put it another way, what would they have done if it wasn’t there? According to your theory the aggressors were going to sacrifice themselves to Syrian air defense missiles for a meaningless attack?”

    Exactly

  17. The Scalpel says: • Website
    @Mikel

    “But if I was Russian and had close relatives serving in Syria I would ask them to come back home as soon as possible. Now we know that not only their lives are in much more danger than it seemed conceivable but nobody will defend them from the (inevitable) next attack from the Israelis or other Western “partners”.

    If the soldiers had any sense of self worth, that is what they would do

  18. AWM says:

    If you were the Russians would you give your IFF codes to the Syrians. I think not, you might as well email them to the Israelis, the Americans, the French, or just put them on the internet for all to see.
    I do wonder why a Russian electronic warfare plane was not able to protect itself from the most familiar anti air missile system in existence in the entire world, one which was developed by Russia itself. Surely they are familiar with the functioning of this system. You would expect they would know exactly what to jam, and when, and how, without giving away any secrets.

    I am not sure if this is a plus or a minus for the effectiveness of the Russian missile defense system.
    For one thing, it worked. It actually shot something down. It has shot other stuff down too, including an Israeli fighter bomber.
    All this nonsense about the S-300 and S-400 being able to shut down any and all air activity over a 500 mile radius is more than a little suspect. After all, in the history of Russian air defense systems it seems they have frequently been seen to not perform at their best. But they do seem to do well against undefended lumbering massive radar targets. The archaic Hawk system did as well.

    I doubt any of us can make an accurate judgement about the actual capability of the air defense capabilities of the Russian and/or Syrian systems. The Syrians worse than expected is fairly accurate, the Russians, well they aren’t giving anything away are they? Would you?

  19. utu says:

    Russia has no means and no will to implement the no-fly zone over Syria. Russian contingent is a sitting duck at mercy of Israel.

    First one should reconsider the real reason of Russian deployment into Syria in 2015. The ostensive one was to save Assad’s regime and defeat the insurgency. This however is only one part of the equation that does not include Israel and its goals. Is it possible that Russia in Syria is doing a job on behalf of Israel? Is possible that Israel feared Turkey incursion to Syria in the aftermath of Assad regime imminent collapse? By inviting Russia to clean up Syria and propping up the Assad regime Turkey would be kept away from Israel’s border. It was Turkey which was the least happy with Russians being there which they demonstrated by shooting down the Su-24 within several weeks of Russian deployment.

    Furthermore Russia was supposed to put pressure on Syria to have all Iranian assets withdrawn from Syria. This was a part of the deal with Netanyahu who gave a green light to Russian deployment. W/o the green light form Netanyahu that lead to working deconflicting procedure Putin would never go to Syria. So far Russia did not accomplish Iran withdrawal. That’s why Israel is doing bombing raids into Syria several times a week. And shooting down of Il-20 will give Russia additional motivation to do what it agreed to do for Israel and an excellent excuse to put a pressure on Assad by Russia. The deal will be as follows: Iranian assets are out and Israel incursions will stop and Russia will provide better AA defense for Syria.

    And now the question is what Russia is gaining from the deployment in Syria. Russia can keep the military bases and more importantly Russia became a real partner of Israel. This may give Russia some leverage when dealing with the US.

    Part of the reason for Netanyahu to go along with it was him giving a payback to Obama who did not keep promise that after the destabilization of Syria the US would implement the no-fly zone and finish off Assad as it did Gaddafiy. The conflict was dragging for too long. With Americans not willing to engage Turkey got uppity and wanted to show its muscle which was not acceptable to Netanyahu who eventually preferred to keep weak Assad with Russian as a neighbor than having Turkey near by.

    For once Martyanov is correct that Russia will do nothing , however the reason for it is entirely different. Martyanov tries to explain weakness with strength while obviously weak actions are best explained by weakness. Russia is weak and all what it is doing is trying to ingratiate itself with Zionists who could offer her a protective umbrella if they find her useful.

    Once Iranians are out Hezbollah will be isolated and eventually contained and Iran will lose any deterrence it had against Israel.

  20. Stratfor’s #2 (?) thinks Russia has zero chances in a hot conflict with Israel over Syria, let alone any kind of no-fly zone.

  21. The Scalpel says: • Website
    @Anatoly Karlin

    “Air scrap” will not happen. That is what SAM’s are for. Attacker takes all the risks – And you did not even have to pay for my insights! Statfor – whatever.

  22. @Anatoly Karlin

    Why should we believe this “geopolitical strategist”? What you are doing here is cherry-picking people, who have the same view as you do, and then treating them as though they have authority to opine on the issue. It makes you feel more confident about your own uninformed opinion. ;)

    Do yourself a favor and research this guy’s commenting history: he has some highly “insightful” tweets about Russian demographics as well.

    • Replies: @Anatoly Karlin
  23. @Felix Keverich

    I just saw it on my TL. I don’t have a subscription to Stratfor, but some articles of his I read in the past I thought were quite insightful. I don’t specifically follow him, though.

    • Replies: @Felix Keverich
  24. @Anatoly Karlin

    You saw this on your TL, and because the opinion of this Russophobe happens to coincide with your own, you decided to share it with us.

    Mindlessly repeating Russophobic media cliches is what passes for “geopolitical strategy” these days.

    More “analysis” from this guy:

    https://zeihan.com/beginning-of-the-end-russia-and-shale-oil/

    • Replies: @Anatoly Karlin
    , @utu
  25. sohi says:
    @Mikel

    Russians have no way out of this unless they relinquish their rich landmass and get another planet.They fight in Syria or inside Russia,better option?. The Hegemon prize is the resources and control of the population.We may have serious reservation on how the battle is being waged,but progress is evident since 2015 albeit piece-meal.

  26. The Il-20 was a lucrative target; Israel likes to destroy foreign intelligence seekers in the area, like USS Liberty. Ergo, I suspect it was the main purpose of the attack following the Idlib accord. In case of major conflagration, the Russians will have no reliable radio monitoring device in the sky. I was told Il-20 is a sort of Russian Awacs.

    • Replies: @Intelligent Dasein
  27. @Israel Shamir

    I was told Il-20 is a sort of Russian Awacs.

    That being the case, this whole incident remains rather mysterious given that Russia’s own electronics warfare plane was shot down by Russia’s own missiles, as AWM mentioned.

    To me, this is the very crux of the matter. I’ve been worried about this from the very beginning, yet it seem like only the two of us are talking about it.

  28. @Felix Keverich

    Well yes, sure.

    The idea that Russia isn’t regionally outmatched in Syria seems to be an unusual view (putting it conservatively).

    Anyhow, I don’t even think Zeihan is a Russophobe. Or at the very least he actually has interesting and original things to say, e.g. The Financial Crisis and the Six Pillars of Russian Strength

    • Replies: @Felix Keverich
  29. utu says:
    @Felix Keverich

    You are correct that Stratfor is anti Russia. But any analysis that claims that Russia is weak in Syria is not false. How many fighter jets Russia has there? Compare this number with the number of fighter jets of Israel or Turkey. The ratio is like 1:20. How many tubes of S-300 and S-400 it has? How many missiles and drones are needed to overwhelm this defense that all missiles would be spent. Reloading takes 30 min or more?

  30. The Scalpel says: • Website
    @utu

    Fighter jets, especially air to air, are so 20th century. Definitely need more SAM’s – lots more. Then the jets would be…..gone. After all, where can you really hide in mid-air?

    This strategy should be possible since one SAM costs much less than 1 fighter jet.

  31. @Anatoly Karlin

    You are digging yourself deeper into a hole. Just stop. :)

    The article you’ve linked was co-written with a gal named Lauren Goodrich. This is Zeihan, “interesting and original”:

  32. @utu

    How many fighter jets Russia has there?

    The better question is how many jets Israelis are prepared to lose?

    When you look at how the Israeli public deals with military casualties, simply being prepared to inflict significant amount of casualties on Israel will deter Israeli attacks on Syria. Israelis bomb Syria not because they good reasons for it, they do it simply because they can. Nobody is doing anything to stop them. Russia can easily stop them.

    • Replies: @utu
  33. utu says:
    @Felix Keverich

    The better question is how many jets Israelis are prepared to lose?

    Very Russian argument. You do not care about your own loses and rather count on the fact that your enemy care more about his own losses. This ‘philosophy’ explains mine field clearing with dispensable Red Army troops in WWII and doing reconnaissance of enemy artillery position by sacrificing troops in mocked attacks and many senseless and suicidal WWII attacks.

    How many S300 and S400 are deployed in Syria? How many fighter jets? Russian AA defense can be easily overwhelmed with missiles and drones and then IAF can engage. But I would not worry about it too much.

    After thinking about what is going on for last three years in Syria and seeing Putin actions and inactions I came to conclusion that we were mislead as to the nature of Russia’s mission to Syria. See my comment #19 above. Russia is not there to challenge Israel but rather to do some dirty work on behalf of Israel and Israel’s attack on Syria and mishaps like the one with Il-20 are just gently reminders for Russia of its true mission.

    • Replies: @Felix Keverich
  34. If Russia would have delivered the S300 system to Syria, as promised in 2011 (!!!), those 15 Russians would still be alive today and Putin would not have to scarmble to come up with an excuse and to work out a suitable strategy vis-a-vis the ZioNazi entity.

    Nobody wants a WW3, i.e. nuclear Armageddon, but accommodating the ZioNazis and their slave in Washington only encouraes them to get ever bolder, as this incident clearly shows. And the ZioNazi entity has never honoured any agreements, it even screws its slave that keeps it alive on a daily basis.

    Putin has done a sterling job in Syria thus far, but with incidents like this and a subsequent escalation, a 180° turnaround is a risk that he takes. And let’s face it, a number of S300 systems in the hands of the Syrians, even if operated by Russians, coud easily maintain a no-fly zone.

  35. @utu

    Very Russian argument. You do not care about your own loses and rather count on the fact that your enemy care more about his own losses.

    It is part of the military calculus, even if you consider it immoral. The fact is Israeli public has grown wussified. This is not a society that is going to fight total war against a nuclear superpower unless their very survival is at stake. But Syria doesn’t threaten that.

    How many S300 and S400 are deployed in Syria? How many fighter jets? Russian AA defense can be easily overwhelmed with missiles and drones and then IAF can engage.

    Not easily, unless we’re talking about hundreds of missiles flying at the same time. USA is the only country, that can launch that kind of salvo. I’m not a military expert, but this task is not supposed to be trivial. Otherwise, countries would not be investing into air-defense systems.

  36. Dear Major General Igor Konashenkov: You are sincere but naive. The rulers of Israel do not keep their word because they do not consider you to be their equal. They do not value the lives of others who are not of their own race. Why do you allow Israel to bomb Syria while you are fighting to preserve Syria? Why do you sell S400 systems to Saudi, to Turkey, to India, but not to Syria and Iran? Why do you deny that Russia and Syria operate friend or foe technology? http://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/13836/its-official-russia-and-syria-have-linked-their-air-defense-networks

  37. Andrei, you have been spot on with your predictions. Russia has specified its response:

    “Russia will supply the weapons to the Syrian side as part of response to the downing of a Russian Il-20 aircraft amid an Israeli air raid on Syrian territory, the Russian defense ministry announced.
    [...]
    The Russian military will also supply better control systems to Syrian Air Defense Troops, “which are only supplied to the Russian Armed Forces,” defense chief Sergei Shoigu elaborated. This will allow integration of Syrian and Russian military assets, allowing the Syrian to have better targeting information. “The most important thing is that it will ensure identification of Russian aircraft by the Syrian air defense forces.” Potentially it would also expose Israeli aircraft tracked by Russian radar stations to Syrian fire.

    The third measure announced by the Russian defense ministry is a blanket of electronic countermeasures over Syrian coastline, which would “suppress satellite navigation, onboard radar systems and communications of warplanes attacking targets on Syrian territory.””

    https://www.rt.com/news/439190-russia-il20-downing-reaction/

    It will be interesting to see how the S-300 system lives up to its reputation, esp. against Israeli/US-made aircraft. This will be a litmus test, if the delivery actually happens.

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