I meant to write about this PEW poll when it came out this May. Better late than never, I guess.
They highlight what they consider “9 key findings” here.
Here is what I found to be the most interesting, significant, and/or surprising:
This doubles as a rough demographic tally. Russia is around 10% Muslim – around the same as Georgia, and lower than Bulgaria (you rarely tend to hear about their Muslim minorities).
Majorities in all the Orthodox countries, even including rather not exactly Russophile Georgia and Romania, look to Russia to balance the influence of the West.
Ukraine is the sole glaring but understandable exception.
Even more curiously, 50% of Croatians (Salo is doing yeoman’s work) and even 34% of Poles support this.
In contrast, Bulgaria is rather more Russia skeptical than its stereotype as a supposedly Russophile country would imply.
There is strong support in both Russia and amongst Russians in the Near Abroad for protecting coethnics outside its borders.
Surprisingly, there is also near universal majority support for Russia protecting Orthodox Christians and ethnic Russians outside its borders – a majority agrees even in Georgia and Romania.
There is a pronounced split between west and east Ukraine on this question. Overall support is at 38% there. (Crimea, Lugansk, and Donetsk were not polled).
Who’s to blame for the conflict in the Donbass?
More Orthodox believe their culture to be superior than Catholic or especially Protestant ones. Poland here is perhaps especially surprising.
Russia is considerably more atheist than Ukraine, Belarus, and Poland. (I suspect almost entirely on account of the more atheist, Finno-admixed north).
Women are also universally more religious than men.
Acceptance of evolution. However, most curiously, the most evolution-skeptical, Armenians, also believe the most strongly that “science will eventually explain everything.”
Caucasus almost monolithically “based” on God and homosexuals. Poland is actually pretty progressive these days.
Support for gay marriage based on the poll results.
I have sometimes joked that Belorussia can into Hajnal Line.
That said, in geneal, opinions on social attitudes are pretty similar across Russia/Ukraine/Belarus.
That said, there doesn’t seem to be any strong correlation between “based” attitudes on God and social policy, and on the desirability of diversity.
The most pro-homogeneity peoples are the very religious Armenians and the very atheist Czechs.
This is pretty interesting – and surprising. Did Hungary produce Orban, or did Orban do this to Hungary?
Stalin remains very popular in Georgia as well as in Russia, just like 4 years ago.