This right of the great national subdivisions of Europe to political independence, acknowledged as it was by the European democracy, could not but find the same acknowledgement with the working classes especially. It was, in fact, nothing more than to recognize in other large national bodies of undoubted vitality the same right of individual national existence which the working men of each separate country claimed for themselves. But this recognition, and the sympathy with these national aspirations, were restricted to the large and well defined historical nations of Europe; there was Italy, Poland, Germany, Hungary. France, Spain, England, Scandinavia, were neither subdivided nor under foreign control, and therefore but indirectly interested in the matter; and as to Russia, she could only be mentioned as the retainer of an immense amount of stolen property, which would have to be disgorged on the day of reckoning.
Soviet propaganda map: “Tsarist Russia: Prison of Peoples. The Predatory Ambitions of Tsarist Imperialism.” Notably, it is from 1936.
Legend: Blue – “Great Russian majority territories” (much reduced compared to reality); striped blue – “oppressed nationalities within Tsarist Russia”; striped green – “colonies of Tsarist Russia”; green – “Tsarism’s sphere of influence”; striped yellow – “targets of predatory ambitions.”
For some reason, there is still a Russian city of 200,000 people called Engels. It’s probably most famous for hosting a major airbase, which contains most of Russia’s Tu-160 bomber fleet.